, rights by
the Commons, m their " Apology," 246 ; they remonstrate against some inno-
vations on the canons, aiming at excluding nonconformists from civil rights
247 ; recommends an Union with Scotland, 248 ; the Commons complain of
the grievances of purveyance and wardship, 248 ; he concludes a treaty of
peace with Spain in Aug. 1604, 250; unpopularity of , 250 ; character of , 25,
253 ; Cecil communicates the letter of Mounteagle respecting the Gunpowder
Plot to the king, 257 ; the vaults under the Parliament House searched, and
Guide Fawkcs is taken, 257 ; dispersion of the conspirators, 258 ; examination
and torture of Fawkes, 259 ; confession of Winter, and details of the plot
260, 262 ; the conspirators attempt to raise a revolt, 263 ; resist their arrest,
164 ; are killed or taken prisoners, 264 ; employment of Ben Jonson as a spy,
265 ; trial of the conspirators, 266, 267 ; trial of Garnet the Jesuit and un-
knighted, 275 ; imposes taxes on merchandise, and the C
against their illegality, . 76 ; the colonization of North America commenced in
1606, 276 ; New England colonized by the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620, 278 ; charters
granted to the East India Company, 280 ; sir Thomas Roe sent ambassador
to the East Indies, 282 ; the Commons continue to remonstrate against the
king's arbitrary measures, and are dissolved, 2 5 ; the cowardly and selfish
policy of James in matters of religion, 285 ; forces episcopacy on Scotland and
burns an Arian in London, 285 ; dedication to, of the authorized translation of
the Bible in 1611, 286 ; judicious measures for the plantation of Ulster in 1613,
288 ; raises money by the sale of the new title of baronet, 289 ; assists Middle-
ton in bringing the New River to London, 2S9 ; attempts to repress the growth
of London, 290 ; threatens to remove his court from, and is requested to leave
the Thames, 290 ; story and death of Arabella Stuart, 291 ; death of Cecil, and
Carr assumes the government, 292 ; death and character of prince Henry, 294 ;
marriage of the princess Elizabeth to the elector palatine in 1613, 295 ; a par-
liament called in 1614, they pass a vote against the king's right of imposing
customs duties, and are dissolved without passing a single bill, 297 j commits
five of the member.* to the Tower, 297 ; levies a Benevolence, to which Oliver
St. John refuses to contribute, and is fined 5000/., 297 ; sales of the public
offices by, 298 ; rise of the iuw favourite, George Villiers, 298 ; trial of the earl
and countess of Somerset for the murder of sic Thomas Overbury, 300 ; deceit-
ful conduct of James towards the earl, 300 ; they are convicted and pardoned,
301 ; mysteries of the causes for the murder of Overbury, and for the king's
pardon to the murderers, 303 ; letters of James in reference to the affair, 306 ;
he is opposed in his arbitrary measures by lord chief justice Coke, whom he
dismisses, 304 ; issues a proclamation for sports on Sundays after divine ser-
vice, 305 ; releases Raleigh from the Tower, in 1616, and allows him to under-
take an expedition to Guiana, 309 ; causes him to be executed under his pre-
vious sentence on his return unsuccessful in 1618, at the instigation of the
Spanish ambassador, 312 ; the elector palatine chosen king of Bohemia in the
Protestant interest, 313 ; protection to papists given by the Spanish ambassador
and anger of the populace caused by it, 315 ; calls a parliament and solicits
money, 315 ; the Commons reply by impeaching monopolists, 316 ; lord Bacon
is also impeached for and convicted of bribery and corruption, 317 ; conduct of
the parliament in punishing Floyd, 318; strong feeling evinced by the Commons
in favour of the elector palatine, 319 ; negotiates for a marriage of Charles
with an infanta of Spain, 320 ; the king and the Commons at issue on a ques-
tion of privilege, 320 ; he dissolves the parliament, 320 ; journey of prince
Charles and Villiers to the court of Spain, 322 ; the Spanish match broken off,
323 ; slatute passed declaring all monoplies to be contrary to lav , 323 ; the
earl of Middlesex impeached for bribery, 323 ; war commenced in favour of the
elector palatine, 324 ; death of James, March 27, 1625, 324.
James II. when duke of York marries Ann Hyde, the daughter of Clarendon,
in 1661, iv. 150 ; gains a victory over the Dutch off Lowestorfe in 1665. 173; takes
the command of the English fleet in 1672, and fights an obstinate battle with
the Dutch in Southwold Bay, 216 ; refuses to take the oath prescribed by tho
Test Act, and resigns his post of lord high admiral, 222; the Ilo-ase of Common!
address the king against the duke's marriage with .Maria Beatrix of Modena,
223; his daughter Mary marries the prince of Orange, 232; leaves England in
1679, 247 ; the Bill for the Exclusion of, read twice in the House of Commons,
250 ; returns to England in disguise on learning the sickness of Charles, 260 ;
is sent to Scotland and cruelly persecutes the Covenanters, 260 ; assumes a
more active share i i the government of England, 263; is presented before the
Grand Jury at Westminster as a popish recusant by Shaf tesbury and others,
204 ; returns to Scotland, 265; he procures a Test Act against the Covenanters to
be passed by the Scottish parliament, 279 ; fresh persecution of the Covenanters
by. 279 ; he returns to England, 280 ; prosecution of alderman Pilkington for
a libel, who is fined 100,0002., 283 ; and of Titus Gates for a libel, who is fined
100,0002., 283 ; marriage of his daughter Anne to prince George of Denmark,
290; succeeds to the throne, Feb. 6 S 1665 ; his address to the Council promising
to preserve the established religion, 295: alteration in the ritual of the
coronation by, 296 ; issues a proclamation for the levying of customs duties,
296; selection of ministers by, 297; releases Papists and Quakers from imprison-
ment, but no other dissenters, 298 ; requires and obtains new laws against the
Covenanters, 298 ; outrageous attempts to secure the elections for the new
House of Commons, and large increase of the number of Peers, 300 ; servile
spirit of the Commons, who vote a revenue for life, 301; they address him pray-
ing that the laws may be enforced against all dissenters, 302 ; Titus Gates con-
victed and p_unished for perjury, 302 ; and Richard Baxter for libel, 303;
insurrection in Scotland, headed by the earl of Argyle, 304 ; its failure, and
Argyle's execution, 30G ; landing of the duke of Monmouth at Lyme, 306 ;
the House of Commons pass a Bill of Attainder against him, 307 ; the
insurgents defeated at the battle of Sedgemoor, 313 ; interview of, with
Monmouth, 316 ; Monmouth executed, 317 ; military executions in the West,
under Kirke and others, 317; and judicial atrocities committed by Jeffreys on
the insurgents, 319 ; scandalo_us traffic in the prisoners sanctioned by the king,
319; tendencies of, to absolutism, 320 ; dismissal of Halifax, 321 ; opens parlia-
ment, announces his employment of Popish officers, and of having dispensed
with the Test Act, 323 ; the Commons timidly address him in favour of Protes-
tantism, 324 ; opposition to the dispensing power shown in the House of Lords,
324; fresh trials and convictions for political offeuces, 325 ; parliament^ after
two prorogations, is dissolved, 325; Sunderland becomes a Roman Catholic and
chief minister, 326 ; the Jesuits paramount in the government, 326 ; sends an
embassy to Rome, 326 ; obtains the sanction of the King's Bench as to his
power of dispensing with the Test Laws, 328 ; appoints Roman Catholics to
benefices, 329 ; an Ecclesiastical Commission constituted, 330 ; monastic estab-
lishments opened in London in 1686, 331; Rev. Samuel Johnson tried and con-
victed of a libellous publication concerning the army, 332; and he is degraded
from the ecclesiastical office, and publicly whipped, 333 ; recommends Anthony
Farmer, a suspected papist, to ba elected president of Magdalen college, 336 ;
the Fellows are expelled by the Ecclesiastical Commission on their electing Dr.
John Hough, 337 ; Tryconnel is appointed the lord-deputy of Ireland, 338 ; pub-
lishes a declaration for liberty of conscience in Scotland, 340 ; and in England,
310 ; camp i\>nned on Hounslow Heath, 344 ; receives the Papal nuncio publicly
at Windsor, 316 ; makes a progress through the country, 346 ; orders the declara-
tion for liberty of conscience to be read in churches, 349 ; the seven bishops
petition against compliance, 350 ; the bishops are committed to the- Tower, 353 ;
brought before the King's Bench to plead, and held to bail, 354; tried for a
libel, and acquitted, 355 ; public rejoicings on their acquittal, 355 ; birth of a son
announced, 356 ; his legitimacy violently disputed, 356 ; James solicits advice
of the bishops, 363 ; ho adopts measures of concession, 363 ; restores the Charter
of London, 363 ; reinstate_s the President and Fellows of Magdalen College,
363 ; dissolves the Ecclesiastical Commission. 363 ; joins the main body of his
army at Salisbury, 367 ; lord Cornbury and other officers desert his cause. .,C7 ;
the duke of Grafton, lord Churchill, and other commanders, go over to William,
367 ; prince of Denmark, and princess Anne, join William, 368 ; returns to
London, 36S ; publishes a proclamation appointing Parliament to meet, and
nominates Commissioners to bring about an agreement with the prince of
Orange. 369 ; issues a proclamation for a general amnesty, 369 ; his queen, with
the infant prince, flies from Whitehall on Dec. 10, and goes to France, 369 ; he
quits Whitehall Dec. 11 , 370 ; throws the Great Seal into the Thames, 370 ; being
discovered at Sheerne.-'S, is brought back to London, 372 ; quits the kingdom,
372 ; lands at Kinsale, Mar. 12, 1689, 474 ; Tyrconnel secures Ireland in favour
of, 475 ; enters Dublin. Mar. 24, 477 ; his wavering conduct, 477 ; displeased at
Rosen's cruel order, ^81 ; takes a personal share in the besieging of London-
derry, and the defeat of Macarthy, viscount Mountcashel, at the battle of
Newton Butler, 482 ; his letter to the Scotch convention, 486 ; his cause falls on
INDEX. . 569
the death of Dundee at the pass of Killiecrankie, 4!)2 ; opens a parliament at
Dublin, May 7, 495 ; it* severity towards protestants ; issues a coinage of money
495, 490 ; Shrewsbury resigns his seals by order of, 504 ; meets with disappoint-
ment from Louis XIV. of France, 509 ; effects of his bad administration of
public affairs in Ireland, 50D ; prepares to oppose William ; leaves Dublin, June
16, 1G90 ; retires before his opponent, and comes to a stand on the banks of the
Boyne, 609 ; on the 1st of July the battle takes place ; he is defeated ; and
retreats to Dublin, 511, 512, et seq.; his speech to the magistrates and resolve to
forsake the Irish, 513 ; quits Dublin, July 3, 516 ; embarks at Passage, and
arrives at Brest on the 4th ; his project of invading England is coldly received
by Louis, 516 ; his courtiers persuade the French that he was deserted by the
leiarawoii 10 me juagueu, ow ; inauces .L.OUIS 10 aia mm in an invasion of
England, 560 ; joins his camp at Normandy, April, 1692, 561 ; commiserates the
slaughter of his "poor English" at the battle of Steinkirk, 567; his petty
revenge on William's relations on the decease of queen Mary, 595 ; contem-
plates the invasion of England, 1696, v. 25 ; sends Berwick to head the Jacob-
ites if they should rise, 25 ; issues protestations against William. 1697, 41 ;
dies at St. Germains, Sept. 16, 1701, 103 ; he opposed Wren's first design for St.
James, John, his architectural works, v. 342.
Jameson, col., commands the American militia, vi. 237.
Java, conquered by the British, 1810 ; lost at the peace, vii. 622.
Jedburgh, burnt by the earl of Hertford, in 1545, li. 451.
Jefferson, Thomas, his admiration of Henry's eloquence, vi. 85 ; makes the
draught of the declaration of independence, 185 ; governor of Virginia, 24.6 ;
defends himself against charges of neglect, 2-18 ; narrow escape from being
niade prisoner ; succeeds Franklin as minister at Paris ; accuses George III. of
incivility towards himself, 292 ; heads the democratic party, vii. 70 ; president
of the United States, 1801-1809, 363; considers his election as a pacific
revolution, 363 ; dreads going to war, 363 ; his extravagant hopes of success in
the war with Great Britain, 1812. 365 ; his prophetic fears of the separation of
the Union, 376, 377 ; his opinion of Bonaparte, 574 ; and cordiality with Great
Jeffrey, Francis, despairs of British success in Spain, 1808, vii. 277 ; remarks on
Wordsworth's poetry, 506 ; and Scott's, 507 ; his reviews, 517 ; description of a
steamboat on Lock Lomond, 522 ; lord advocate, 584 ; description of early
morning after the rejection of the reform bill, viii. 67 : his anxiety for the pre-
vention of riots, 80 ; his description of lord Allhorp, 82 ; his interview with
Althorp on the resignation of the Grey ministry, 1831, 103 ; his remarks on the
bad working of the new parliamentary system, 131.
Jeffreys, George, as recorder of London, tines and imprisons a jury for having
found a verdict in favour of Penn and Mead, indicted for attending a conven-
ticle, iv. 211 ; exertions oi, to procure the return of Dudley North as sheriff of
London, 278 ; services of, while lord chief justice, in making towns surrender
their charters in 1683, 283 ; brutal behaviour of, on the trial of Sidney in 1683,
288 ; and 011 that of Richard Baxter for libel in 1685, 303 ; atrocious cruelty of,
in punishing the followers of Monmouth, 317 ; condemnation of lady Alice
Lisle, 318 ; is rewarded with the Great Seal for his conduct, 319 ; the insolence of,
repressed in the House of Lords, 324 ; he fails to procure the conviction of
lord Delamere for treason, 325 , is discovered in disguise at Wapping in Lon-
don, and committed to the Tower, 371.
Jekyll , sir Joseph, regards Sacheverel's sentence as a triumph, v. 225 ; returned a
member of the parliament, 1710, 236.
JellaVabad, Sale's defence of, viii. 297.
Jemappes, battle of, Nov. 6, 1792, vi. 551,
Jena, or Auerstadt, battle of. Oct. 14, 1806, vii. 24-4.
Jenkins, Rev. H., notice of his account of Colchester Castle, i- 30. note.
Jenkins, Capt. It., ordered to appear before the House of Commons ; states the
barbarities he had received from the Spaniards to the duke o f . Newcastle, but
obtains 110 redress ; he appears before the House, and there exhibits the car that
had been cut off, v. 471, 472.
Jenkinson. See Liverpool, earl of.
Jenner, Edward ; benefit to the world resulting from his discovery of vaccina-
tion, vii. 521.
rerusalenCmissio]" f rmirthe* 'kingdoiif of, to England in 1185, i. 337 ; capture of,
by Saladin. in 1187, 308.
Jervas, Charles, his paintings, v. 348.
Jervis, sir John ; sails in command of a fleet against the Spaniards, vii. 76 ; con-
siderably aided by commodore Nelson in gaining the battle of St. Vincent, Feb.
14, 1797, 77, 78 ; rewarded with an earldom, 7'J ; provides Nelson with a fleet to
go against Bonaparte, 97.
Jesuits, suppression of the, 1773 ; their beneficial aid in advancing literature and
science, vi. 145, 146.
Jews, massacre of, at the coronation of Richard I., i. 340 ; plundered by John in
1211, 375; persecution and banishment of, temp. Edw. I., 429 ; attempt of Crom-
well to re-introduce into England, iv. 80 ; the mines chiefly worked by them in
John's reign, v. 396 ; bill passed, 1753, for the naturalization of ; popular
clamour against the bill, 584 ; bill for their relief from civil disabilities passed
the Commons ; thrown out in the Lords, 1833, viii. 137 ; another introduced by
lord Russell, but not passed, 415-
Jezzar, pasha of Acre, seizes El Arish, vii. 130 ; his defence of Acre, 131.
Joan of Arc, first appearance of, ii. 48 ; account of her youth, and introduction
to the king of France, 49 ; relieves Orleans, 50 ; terrors inspired in the English
troops by, 51 ; the siege of Orleans raised by, 52 ; her enthusiasm a sufficient
cause for her success, without assigning miraculous powers, 53 ; wins the
battle of Patay, 53 ; conducts Charles VII. to Kheims, where he is crowned in
1430, 55 ; attacks Paris, and is repulsed, 55 ; is taken prisoner at Compiegne
by the Burgundians, 56 ; is tried for sorcery at Kouen before the bishop of
Beauvais, 56 ; is burnt on May 30, 1431, 57.
John, son of Henry II., joins Piiilip of France in a war against his father, i. 338;
intrigues against his brother Richard, 348 ; deposes the chancellor William
Longchamp, 349 ; surrenders some of his brother's continental territories to
Philip, and does homage for the rest, 354, 355 ; gives out that Richard has died
in prison, 355 ; attempts to bribe the emperor of Germany to keep his brother
a prisoner, 355 ; crowned May, 27, 1199, 367 ; the claim of Arthur of Brittany
supported by Philip of France, 3G7 ; war with Philip, truce, and war renewed,
369 ; captures Arthur at Tours, 370 ; suspicions of having caused him to bo
murdered, 370 ; is driven out of Normandy by Philip, 372 ; quarrels with Pope
Innocent III. in 1207, respecting the appointment of an archbishop of Canter-
bury, 373 ; the kingdom placed under an interdict, 374, 375; leads an army into
Ireland in 1210, and effects some useful reforms, 374 ; represses the incursions
of the Welsh, 375, 376 ; plunders the Jews to raise money for his expeditions,
37_6 ; small effect of the interdict on the industry of the people, 376, 377 ; the
kingdom excommunicated and the king deposed by the pope in 1212, and the
crown promised to Philip, 378 ; he anticipates Philip's warlike measures, by
sending a fleet which burnt Dieppe, and destroyed many French ships, 1^78 ; ho
submits, and swears fealty to the pope, 379 ; France prepares to invade Eng-
land, and a naval victory is gained by the English, 380 ; admits Langton to the
see of Canterbury, 380 ; invades France in 1214, and is defeated at Bouvines,
381 ; the clergy and barons enter into a league against him at St. Edmundsbury ,
383 ; he solicits the aid of the pope, 383 ; the army of God and Holy Church (the
army of the barons) march to London, 384 ; signs Magna Charta on .June 15,
1215, at Ruiinymede, 384 ; provisions of the Great Charter, 385, 386 ; effects of,
upon the nation, 387, 388 ; rapid movements of John, after signing the charter,
and fallacy of the tradition as to his retirement, 389 ; with an army of mercena-
ries he ravages England, and the pope annuls the charter and excommunicates
the barons, ;>90 ;the crown offered by the barons to Louis of France, 391 ; resist-
ance of the fortresses to the French, 392; suspected treachery of Louis, 393;
death of John on Oct. 18. 1216 ; buried at Worcester, 394.
John, archduke, of Austria, commands the Austrian army ; his campaign with
Moreau ; concludes an armistice with him, vii. 150.
Johnson, Joseph, tried and imprisoned for being concerned in the Manchester
reform meeting, vii. 560.
Johnson, Rev. Sam, tried and imprisoned in 1683 for writing Julian the Apostate,
iv. 290 ; tried and convicted for a libellous publication concerning the army,
332 ; degraded from the ecclesiastical office and publicly whipped, 334.
Johnson, T)r. Samuel, he is touched for the king's evil by Queen Anne, v. 129 ;
his gratitude to Gen. Oglethorpe, 437 ; does penance at a book-stall at Uttoxe-
ter, vi. 383, 384 ; forms a link between two periods of literature, 385 ; goes to
London, 1737, 384 ; his vicissitudes and employments for half a century : dies,
1784: his delight in Crabbe's poem "the Village," 385; his "London, pub-
lished 3738 ; " Vanity of Human Wishes," 1749, 387; brings out the " Ramhler,"
1750, and the " Idler," 1758 ; writes for the " Adventurer," 390; his partiality
for tavern life, 397 ; his prejudice against tradesmen, 417.
Johnstone.sir James, his remarks on Fox's India declaratory bill, vi. 673.
iJoinville, Prince de, his pamphlet on the naval forces of France, viii. 376, 377.
n, his account of the Manchester reform meeting of 1819, vii.
J Sffi^Wl. BrftWl ^ !rt " f takto 8 towM . vii. 329, 330; and the
Jones, Inigo, the nrs't to imitate Grecian temples in British churches v 338
Teg!', 18W?v?i 3 e (>S e edin between Parliament and, on a quesUon of^rivi-
Jones,' John Paul employed by Franklin in an expedition against Great Britain,
17,9, vi. 218 ; attempts to capture Leith and Edinburgh, but is driven back by a
Serf rs^ssssEsg* by the serapu ^ ***># =
J Tct' vii V 188 il0hard ' ^ ^ establi8hin S ^e Principle of the Tithe Commutation
Jordan, Mrs., her happy connection with the duke of Clarence, viii 200
Joseph II. of Germany, 1765-1790, vi. 600 ; vii. 636 ; attempts to coerceHolland
Josephine Beauharnois. See Bonaparte, vii. 63, 291 ; 303.
JoHbert, Alviiizy compels him to retreat, vii. 85, joined by Bonaparte 86.
Jourdan, J. B.. rises from a packman to command a French army vi 585 -driven
by the prince of Coburg over the Sambre, Oct. 1793 ; vii. 27 ; marshal ; ap-
pointed to the command of the army of the Moselle, 1794, 48 ; defeats tbe Aus-
trians at Arlon ; captures Charleroi ; wins the battle of Fleurus, June 29 : and
compels the duke of York to retreat, 49 ; appointed to the command or the
Sambre and Meuse, 1796, 63 ; failure of the campaign, 68 ; his campaign with
the archduke Charles, 1799, 183 ; major-general ; defeated by Wellington at Vit-
toria, June 21, 1813, 346.
Joyce, Rev. Jeremiah ; Stanhope's private secretary ; charged with high trea-
son, vii. 35
Joyeuse, Villaret, admiral of the Brest fleet ; defeated 1 y Howe, June 1. 1794.
Judges, independence of, iv. 559.
Julian, the emperor, builds warehouses for the reception of British corn, i. 47 ;
large quantity furnished to the continent, 47 ; commands Paulis, governor of
Britain, to be burnt, 66-
Juliana, Maria, Christian VII. 's step-mother ; heads a court party against the
queen, Struensee and Brandt, vi. 149.
Junius, his letters, vi. 108, 109 ; characteristics of his writings , abuses Wilkes,
110; a master of personal invective, 110 ; attempts made to give the creditor
his productions to sir P. Francis, lord Temple, and Burke ; lord Lyttleton
probably the writer, 111; personality of his libels ; his attacks upon the duke
of Grafton, whose administration he wished to destroy, 113; his private letters;
his character ; paltry-minded, ambitious, vain, cowardly, 114 ; assaults the
duke of Bedford, 115 ; his address to the king ; prosecution of the publisher,
Mr. Woodfall, who escapes punishment, 116, 117.
Junot, A., crosses the Bidassoa ; captures the Spanish capital, 1808, vii. 266 ; de-
feated by sir A. Wellesley at Vimiero, Aug. 21, 1508, 273 ; retreats to Torre*
KALEXDAR, note on the French Revolutionary, vi. 598, 599.
Kandy, king of, acquiesces in the British possessing the maritime provinces of
Ceylon, vii. 627 ; deposed for his cruelties. 627.
Katzbach, battle of the, Aug. 26, 1813, vii. 348.
Kay, John, introduces the use of the fly-shuttle about 1760, vi. 343.
Keane, sir John, general, has temporary command of the army in America ;
commands a division ; advances against New Orleans, vii. 381 ; wounded, 382 ;
commands the Bombay division of the Indian army.viii. 288; his passage through
the Bolan Pass ; besieges Ghuznee, 289.
Keate, Thomas, surgeon-general of the army ; not consulted about the Walche-
reu expedition, 1809, vii. 292
Keith joins his brother in an expedition to collect the Jacobites in Scotland, v.
Keith, marshal, slain at Lochklrchen, Oct. 1758, vi. 42.
Keith, Rev. Alexander, his cheap marriage trade ; damaged by the new mar-
riage act, 1753, v. 586.
Keith, lord, announces to Napoleon that St. Helena is to be his future residence,
1815, vii. 406.
Kellermann, gains the battle of Valmy, Sept. 20, 1792. vi. 549, 550 ; besieges Lyon,
1793, vii. 17 ; superseded in his command by Dubois-Cranc6, 17.
Kelso burnt by the carl of Hertford, in 1545, ii. 451.
Kempenfeldt," admiral, his unsuccessful cruise, 1782, vi. 2CO ; perishes at 'f.&
sinking of the Royal George, Aug. 20, 1782, 285.
Kendal, duchess of, 'bribed by the South Sea Directors, v. 412 ; caricatures of, 413 ;
bribed to promote Wood's patent, 420 ; accompanies George I. on his last visit
to Hanover, 1727, 427.
Kenmure, viscount, commands the Pretender's Scotch forces, 1715, v. 371 ; sen-
tenced to death for his concern in the rebellion, 381 ; executed on Tower Hill,
Feb. 24, 1716, 382.
Kent, duchess of, marries the duke of Kent, July 13, 1818, vii. 479 ; birth of their
daughter, the future queen, Victoria, May 24, 1809 ; death of the duke of Kent,