u7r ra moma^ 9 *e ntenwrt to transportation for advocating a reform in the repre-
nlitpal 1 cor^fon^e'S, viii. V 184 ; report of the commission of ^inquiry
howing the generally corrupt state of the corporations, 179-181 ; passing of lord
VOL. VIII. 38
Russell's reform bill through parliament, 182, 183 ; it receives the royal assent
Sept. 9, 1835, 184 ; departing glories of municipal pomp, 1*4 ; bill for corpora-
tion reform in Ireland ; opposed by the lords ; passed by the Commons Mar
28, 1836, 185.
Municipalities, character of those established by the Romans in Britain, i. 56,
57 ; form of government in, 56.
Munro, sir Hector, major ; defeats an Indian army, vi. 152, 153 ; compelled to
retreat before Hyder Ali, 435-
Bonaparte, 1803, 269 ; king of Naples, 315 ; deserts Napoleon for the Allies, vii-
413; his entering into a correspondence with the ex-emperor hastens his fall,413.
Murray, lord George, obtains the king's pardon for joining the rebellion of 1715,
v. 384 ; joins Charles Edward, 1745, 509 ; takes part in the battle at Preston-
Pans, Sept. 22, 5V2 ; quarrels with the duke of Perth, 527 ; his tactics in
approaching Derby, 530 ; he convinces Charles of the uselessness of advancing
farther into England ; persuades him to retreat to Scotland, 531, 532 ; his able
and creditable management of the retreat from Derby, 539, 540 ; halts at Clif-
ton, 541 ; securing the army's retreat by stemming the tide of the pursuing
enemy ; reaches Carlisle ; represents to Charles that his troops could not hold
the place, 542 ; signs an address to the prince showing the desertions in the
Highland army, 549 ; leads the Highlanders to the attack of Cumberland's camp ;
but finds a surprise impracticable, 553.
Murray, James, earl of, sent as ambassador to France to request the return of
Queen Mary, iii. 33 ; with other reformers revolts againsl Mary's marriage with
Darn ley, 47, 48 ; is forced to fly to England, 48 ; returns to Edinburgh on the
death of Riccio, 57 ; is proclaimed regent after Mary's abdication, 67 ; defeats
Mary at the battle of Langsyde, 71 ; accuses Mary of the murder of Darnley at
the conference in London. 75 ; favours Norfolk's project of marrying Mary,
78 ; is assassinated in Jan. 1570, 93.
Murray, William. See Mansfield, earl of.
Musgrave, sir Christopher ; a leader of the opposition party, 1G93 ; bribes received
by, iv. 577.
Mutiny bill, an important part of the government : first passed in 1689, iv. 470, 471.
Mutiny at Ipswich, 1689, iv. 469 ; at Spithead, 1797, vii. 80-82 ; at the Nore, 82,
83 ; at Vellore, 1806, 227 ; and at Madras, 1809, 621, 622.
Muttra, battle of, 1803, vii. 221.
Mylne, Richard, architect of Blackf riars bridge, vi. 382.
NADIN, unable to apprehend the leaders of the reform meeting at Manchester,
1819, vii. 491.
Nagpore, rajah of, joins the Mahratta confederacy against the British, vii. 625 ;
defeated by the British, 626-
Nairn, William, lord, Impeached of high treason, tried and sentenced to death,
1716, v. 381 ; reprieved, 382 ; released from prison by an act of grace passed, 1717,
Namur, siege and capture of, by the French, June 30, 1692, iv. 563 ; besieged
by the allies, 1695, 16-18 ; and taken, Aug. 26, 18.
Nankin, treaty of, Aug. 29, 1842, viii. 205, 286.
Nantes, revocation of the edict of, iv. 322 ; effect of, in France, as described by
Napier, sir C. James, major ; taken prisoner at Corunna, 1809, vii. 278 ; a bene-
factor of his race, viii. 356 ; his march on, and destruction of, Einaun-Ghur. 358,
359 ; gains the battle of Meanee, 359 , Hyderabad surrenders to him ; he defeats
and quells Shere Mahomed, and becomes the governor of Scinde, 360.
Napier, sir C. John, his services under admiral Stopford in the campaign in
Egypt and Syria, 1840, viii. 268, 269.
Napoleon, comparison of his intended invasion of Britain with that of Caligula,
Napoleon III. of France, son of Louis Bonaparte, king of Holland ; Louis
Philippe's fear of him, viii. 196, 197 ; his futile revolutionary attempt at Stras-
bourg, 1836, 197 ; sent to America by i.ouis Philippe ; escapes to Switzerland ;
Louis compelling his extradition from thence, he withdraws to England, i' 1 ;
crosses the channel to Boulogne, 263 : fails to produce an Insurrection, L"'.4. L'C." ;
surrenders ; is imprisoned, 266 ; tried, 266 ; sentenced to imprisonment for life
in Ham fortress ; but escapes, 266 ; elected President of the French Republic,
Naseby, battle of, 14 June, 1645, iii. 504.
Nash, Beau, master of the ceremonies at Bath ; MB rule, vi. 401. 402 : Bunnressefl
duelling at Bath, 405.
Nash, John, his architectural works, Regent Street, Park, and Canal, vii. 535,
Nasmyth, his landscape painting, vii. W8.
National Debt, commencement of the, 10T3, iv. 571 ; its growth, 571, v. 406 407
reduction of the interest on the, 573 ; increase of the, 1755-17G3, vi. 68 ; table
Navariiio, news of the battle of, received in London, viii. 13 ; it occurred. Oct.
20, 1827, 15, 16.
Navigation act obstructs the Scottish trade, v. 58 ; suspension of the navigation
laws, viii. 413.
Navy, difficulty of manning the, vi 105 ; corruption prevalent in the, 415 :
the British and French navies, '793, 580, 581 ; state of the, 1793. vii. 40 ; discon-
tents and mutinies in the, 1797, 79, 82 ; number of men voted for the, 1802 175 :
the British navy of 1812, 370 ; its glory departed, 371, 372; restored again by the
Shannon and Chesapeake conflict, 372.
Necker, James, controller-general of finance, vi. 463 ; dismissed the post May.
1781, 463 ; recalled to it again, 1789, 472 ; again dismissed, July, 1789, 478.
Neerwinden. See Landen.
Neerwinden, battle of, Mar. 18, 1793, vi. 590.
Nelson, Horatio, post-captain, 1793 ; present at the surrender of Toulon to
enemy's vessels at the battle of St. Vincent, Feb. 14, 1797, 76, 77 ; his desperate
condition ; gallantry shown in boarding and taking the San Nicolas and San
Josef ; his name not noticed in Jarvis's despatches, 78, 79 ; made a knight of
the bath, 79 ; watches the movements of the Toulon fleet, 96 : appointed to com-
mand a Mediterranean fleet, 1798, 97 ; he misses the French fleet, sails to Alex-
andria, and returns to Sicily, 98 ; refused supplies by the Neapolitans ; obtains
them through his interview with lady Hamilton ; again sets out for Alexandria,
100, 101 ; position of the French fleet, Arg. 1; Nelson's manoeuvres, 101, 102;
the conflict; Nelson wounded; his heroism, 102; the P"rench flag ship,
to stop fighting, 159, 160 ; concludes an armistice. 160 ; fails in cutting the armed
flotilla out of Boulogne harbour, 1C4 ; appointed to command the Mediter-
ranean fleet ; his letter to the lord mayor 203 ; his chase after the combined
fleet, 204, 205 ; worn out with anxiety he returns home, 204 ; offers fiis services
against Villeneuve ; preparations, 207 ; enthusiastic reception at Portsmouth,
208 ; his last farewell to England ; sets down before Cadiz ; his system of
breaking the line ; the enemy in sight, 209 ; hid preparations for battle, 209,
210 ; his victory, Oct. 21, 1805 ; his death, 210, 211 ; the nation's grief ; the fune-
Nepaul, war with, 1813-1816 ; its results, vii. 624.
Nero, attempts of, to reconcile the revolted tribes after the defeat of Boadicea,
Nevilf s Cross, battle of, won by queen Philippa, in 1316, and David Bruce taken
prisoner, i. 516.
Newburn, battle of, on Aug. 27, 1640, iii. 381.
Newbury battle of, Sept. 19, 1613, iii. 481; second battle of, on Oct. 27, 1641, 496.
New England, foundation of the colony of, in 1620, by the Pilgrim Fathers, iii.
Newcastle, duke of, entertains William III. at Welbeck, 1695, v ;i 19
lord privy sef "
by the Spania
tioneering business* 566 f becomes" jealous of the duke of Bedford, 581 ; gets
him turned out of the office of secretary of state, 581 ; becomes first lord^ol
JIll^OU^l lllO VllH-C VJL \S**J *.t*fuvy* J -* f - .
Fox resigns his seals, and Newcastle, having no support, Ti. 20, 21 ; also resign*
his, 21 ; George again offers him the administration of affairs ; refuses to act
with Pitt, 26 ; but ultimately consents ; first lord of the treasury, 26 ; supports
Bute, 61 ; retires from the treasury, June, 17C2, 66 ; becomes privy seal, 1766,
89 ; secretary of state, 1746-1754 ; first lord of the treasury, 1754-1756, 139 : 1757-
Newcastle, duke of, his interference with the Newark election complained of,
viii. 35 ; proceedings against, 36 ; his remarks on the Reform bill, 108.
Newfoundland ceded to Great Britain, 1713, v. 273.
Newmarket races held at, temp. William 111., iv. 421.
New Orleans, attack on, by the British, 1814, 1815, vii. 381, 382.
Newspapers; first beginning of the newspaper -press, iv. 452 ; the newspapers,
1709, 1742, v- 280, 284 ; eagerness for, 1745, 525 ; provincial papers badly con-
ducted about 1757, vl. 36; newspapers, 1737-1783, 384; number of American,
1775, and 1810. vii. 366 ; of London in Crabbe's time ; The Times first assumed
the name, 1788, 502 ; The Times of Nov. 28, 1618, the first sheet of paper printed
by steam, 522; increased circulation of, due to the steam -printing machine,
522 ; violence and ribaldry of, during queen Caroline's trial in 1*20, 566 ; the
newspapers of India ; their regulation by government, 632 ; case of Mr. Buck-
ingham, proprietor of The Calcutta Journal, 633 ; royal ordinance against the
liberty of the French press, 1830, viii. 46, 47 ; the protest of the newspaper con-
ductors, 47; stamp on, reduced, 1836, 193 212; altered character of, 1842.330.
Newton, sir Isaac, as master of the mint he succeeds in establishing an adequate
supply of circulating medium, v. 23 ; statute of, by Koubiliac, 346; declares
Wood's Irish coinage satisfactory, 420.
Newton-Butler, battle of, 16S-9, iv. 482.
New York evacuated by the Americans, Sept. 15, 1776, vi. 190.
Ney, Michael, marshal, serves in Jourdan's army, vii. 49 ; defeats the Austriana
at Elchingen and Guntzburg, 1805, 206 ; defeated at Dennewitz, 1813, 348 ; de-
serts Louis XVIII. for Napoleon, 1815, 392 ; executed on the return of Louis
to power, 416.
Nicholls, sir George ; his letters on the Poor Law reforms at Southwell, vii.
152 ; appointed a poor law commissioner, 1834, 158 ; and to initiate the working
of the poor law in Ireland, 238, 239.
Nile, battle of the, Aug. 1, 1798, vii. 101, 102.
Nimeguen, peace of, Aug. 11, 1678, v. 263 ; surrendered to the French, 1794, vii.
Nipchoo, treaty of, ratified June 14, 1728, v. 265.
Nithisdiilo, William, earl of, impeached of high treason, 1716 ; tried and found
guilly, v. 381 ; his wife vainly petitions the king to pardon him ; she effects his
escape to France, 382, 383.
Nizam. See Deccan.
Nollekens, Joseph, his sculpturing, vi. 380 ; vii. WO.
Nonconformists, rise and growth of, in the second half of the reign of Elizabeth,
iii. 166, ft setj.; notice of the Marprelate tracts, 168 ; objections of, to the cere-
monies of the church, 108 ; preaching in private houses prohibited, 169 ; statutes
against Puritans and Popish recusants i:i 1593, 170 ; the nonconformist ministers
preach resistance, 170 ; severities directed against the Brownists or Independ-
ents, 171 ; opposition of the nonconformists to the habits and amusements of
society, 171 ; music and dancing held to be corrupting by, 177 ; ofrensiveness of
Sabbath sports and games to, 178 ; denunciations of gaming by, 181; aversion
of, to stage plays, 182 ; petition James I. for a conference with the English
clergy, which is held at Hampton Court, 245 ; James insults and decides against
them, 245 ; a new code of canons, tending to exclude them from civil rights, es-
tablished in Convocation, 247 ; settlement of New England in 1620 by the Pil-
grim Fathers, 279 ; increase in the numbers of, from disgust at the principles
and conduct of James and his courtiers, 393 ; offence given to, by the proclama-
tion in 1618, for the practice of sports on Sundays, 305 ; consternation of, at
the defeat of the elector palatine and the triumph of Roman Catholicism, in
Germany, 314; offence given to by Laud's introduction, in 1628, of new
ceremonies into the church service, 343 ; the religious opinions of, identified
with the assertion of civil rights, 345; excessive punishment of the Puritan
Prynne, for writing against stage-plays, 353 ; and of Dr. A. Leighton for wri-
ting against prelacy, 355 ; aversion of the Puritans to all dramatic ( xhibitions,
356 ; conviction and excessive punishment of Pryune, Burton and liastv. iok,
in 1637, for their anti-prelatical writings, 365 ; triumph of the principles of,
on the meeting of the Long Parliament in 1640. 393 ; great influence of the
Puritans at the commencement of the Civil War, 438 ; the shutting up of
the playhouses and discouragement 'of popular amusements a consequence
of, ill ; Baxter's statement of the oppressions of the, by the royalists, 466 ;
increased bitterness of feeling between them and the Cavaliers, 476 ; the Pres-
byterian Covenant adopted by the synod at Westminster, and by Parliament,
passed against, 152 ; Conventicle Act passed against in 1664, 162 : the Five-Mile
Act, passed against, 171 ; the penalties of, not enforced against lor a short time
after the Fire of London, 205 ; propositions made by, fora union of Protestant*,
206 ; re-elected by parliament, 206 ; declaration of indulgence by Charles II. in
1672, 220 ; release of John Buiiyan from prison, 220 ; the indulgence unpopular
among, 220 ; in 1655 the House of ( ommons prays James II. to put in execution
the laws against all dissenters from the Church of England, 302 , the principle
of resistance not extinguished in, as shown by their joining Monmonth at Taun-
ton, 309 ; they generally consider the declaration of James II. in 1687, for liberty
of conscience, as a snare, 342.
Nonjurors, origin of the, iv. 463 ; bill against, passed, 467 ; libellous pamphlets
issued by, in 1692, 569.
Kore, mutiny at the, 1707, vii. 82, 83.
Norfolk, soil of, vi. 300, 301 ; agricultural improvements in, promoted by Coke,
301, 302 ; a seat of the husbandry implement trade, 304 ; number of persons to
every 100 acres in, in 1841, 322.
^Jorman clergy, character of, at the time of William I., i. 223, 224 ; nobles, various
' characters of, and beneficial exertions of some, 225 ; barons, description of their
modes of life in their castles in the time of Stephen, 280.
Normandy, marquis of. See Buckingham.
Norris, sir William, sent to desire of Aurungzebe his favour for the New East
India Company, 1698, v. 45 ; mission failed ; dies on his way home, 45.
North, Dudley nominated sheriff by the lord mayor of London in 1682, in order
that he might return partisan jurymen, iv. 278 ; is rejected by the Commons
Hall, but ultimately sworn in, 279.
North, Frederick, lord, chancellor of the exchequer, 1767-1782, vi. 102, 103, 140,
603 ; moves the repeal of the American duty on all articles but tea, 129 ; his prop-
osition carried, 129 ; nearly demolished by the mob, 1771, 137 ; his apology for
retaining office, 137 ; first lord of the treasury, 1770-1782, 140, 603 ; brings in the
Boston port bill, 1774, 157 ; and the Massachusetts bay government regulation
ill, 158 ; his conciliatory measure, 166 ; his Prohibitory bill, 182; exults at the dis-
play of public spirit, 1778 ; introduces two bills, one on American taxation, the
other appointing commissioners to treat with America, 207 ; fear and astonish-
ment of the House at his submissions and concessions, 208 ; wishes to resign his
premiership 0:1 hearing of the peace between France and America, 208 ; his
speech on the address to the king, 218 ; his amendment on Burke's Economical
Keform bill, 225 ; his consternation and distress at the news of Cornwallis's
surrender, 1781, 255; announces the resignation of his premiership, Mar. 20. 1782;
the scene in parliament on this occasion, 262 ; consents to the proposed free
trade measures towards Ireland, 272 ; coalesces with Fox. appointed secretary
of state, 1783, 439 ; ordered to give up his seals by the king, 443; home secre-
tary of state, 1783, viii. 639.
Northampton, battle of, the Lancastrians defeated, 10 July, 1460, ii. 117.
Northamptonshire, the county of, vi. 307 ; low state of farming, 307 ; farmers and
Northmen, or Danes, ravages of, i . 95.
Northumberland, its wretched breed of sheep, and large districts of waste land.
1760-1783, vi. 329 ; unsettled state of its inhabitants long after the Union ; agri-
culture stimulated by the Culleys and others, 329.
Northumberland, Dudley, duke of. See Warwick, earl of.
North- West Company for trading in furs ; ultimately united with the Hudson'*
Bay Company, iv. 429.
Norwich Cathedral, foundation of, in 1094, i. 286.
Nottingham, earl of. See Winchelsea.
Nottinghamshire, the oak of Sherwood forest succeeded by turnip and wbeat
fields, vi. 314 ; " the cars " reclaimed, 3ir>.
Novels, careless and inaccurate style of, viii. 310; prevalence 6f ; large numbers
published in a serial form, 318, 320; changed manner in conducting prose fic-
tions as shown in the works or the novel writers, 318, 322.
Nugent lord, moves for a list of persons holding crown places and pensions, vi.
225 ; his Irish free trade motions, 272.
Nuncomar, an intriguing Hindoo, executed by the British for forgery, vi. 429,
GATES, Titus, first revelation of the Popish Plot by, in 1678, iv. 236 ; is brought
before the Council, 237 ; is examined by the House of Commons, 239; increasing
boldness of his accusations, and assertion of the queen having concerted the
king's murder, 241 ; has a pension assigned him by the Commons, 242 ; fresh
convictions on the evidence of, in 1679, 252 ; payments to, and to other wit-
nesses, 253 ; is a witness against lord Stafford, who is convicted, in 1684, 2C8 ;
contradicts Dugdale on the trial of Stephen College, the ' Protestant joiner,"
and his pension is stopped, 275 ; is prosecuted for a libel on the duke of York
in 1683, and 100,000/. damages awarded, 290 ; is convicted of perjury, and sen-
tenced to be imprisoned, pilloried, and whipped, in 1685, 303 ; released from
prison, pardoned, and pensioned, 1689, 494.
O'Brien, Smith, a member of the Irish Confederation ; his share in the insurrec-
tion of 1848, viii. 424, 425.
Occasional Conformity, bill against ; its objects ; discussion on ; rejected, 1702, v.
117, 118 ; a new bill 'introduced, 1703 ; again rejected, 124 ; thrown out a third
time, 1701, 150 ; its repeal desired by Stanhope, 1718, 401.
Ochterlony, sir David, compels the Ghorka commander, Ameer Singh, to capitu-
late, 1815, vii. 624 ; engages to support the rajah of Bhurtpore, 631.
O'Coigley, arrested and executed, 1797, for conspiring against government, vii.
O'Connell. Daniel, returned M.P. for Clare, who as a Roman Catholic was dis-
qualified from sitting there, 1828, viii. 26 ; his great influence over the Irish
peasantry, 26, 27; upon taking his seat, 1829, refuses to take the oath of suprem-
acy, claiming that set forth'in the Relief act ; returned a second time for Clare,
and takes his seat, 33 ; moves an amendment in the king's speech ; coarseness
of his language ; Stanley's reply to ; the amendment rejected, 129 ; again
attacked by Mr. Stanley, 1.14, 135 ; condemns the appropriation of funds to bo
sanctioned by the Irish church reform bill, 138 ; his speech on the repeal of ih-i
Union question, 1834, 159 ; his amendment on the Irish tithe bill, 164 ; hit* a!-
leged compact with the Melbourne Whig government, 187 ; his efforts to bring
about a repeal of the Union, 350, 351 ; arrested for conspiring, 351 ; tried, 361',
363 ; found guilty and punished, 363 ; appeals for a reversal of his sentence,
which he obtains ; Ireland celebrates his triumph, 373 ; loss of his demagogic
power, 374 ; his last parliamentary speech ; died May 15, 1847, 411.
O'Connor, Arthur, a member of the Irish Directory ; tried for high treason, May,
1797 ; acquitted, vii. 111.
O'Connor, Feargus, insists upon parliament's testing the repeal question, 1834,
viii. 159 attempts to rouse the people to rebel, 242, 243, 246 ; heads the chartist
movements of 1848, 423.
Odo, archbishop of Canterbury, revolts against Edwy, and separates him from his
wife, i. 158,
Oglethorpe. general, promotes the state of prisons inquiry, 1729, 1730, v. 436, 437 ;
pursues the retreating army of the rebels, 1745, 540.
O'Hara, general, commands the Toulon garrison ; wounded ; taken prisoner,
1793, vii. 22.
Oldcastle, sir John, condemned as a heretic, ii. 14 ; respited by the king, and
escapes, 14 ; joins in a conspiracy with the Lollards, and is retaken in 1418, and
Oliver, alderman, bis share in the arrest of a House of Commons officer, 1771 ;
imprisoned in the Tower, vi. 135-138.
Oliver the Spy acts as government spy against reformers, 1817, vii. 458, 459.
Omichund, engages in a conspiracy to depose Surajah Dowlah ; Clive's treachery
towards, vi. 29, 30 ; causes him to die an idiot, 31.
Onslow. sir Richard ; chosen speaker of the House of Commons, 1708, v. 210 ; re-
tires from the speakership ; 1761 ; pensioned, vi. 57.
Onslow, colonel, his proceedings against printers for publishing parliamentary
debates, 1771, vi. 135.
Opium trade, circumstances connected with the, which led to the war with China,
viii. 278, 280.
Oporto taken possession of by Soult, Mar. 29, 1809, vii. 284.
Oppian, description of the dogs of Britain by, i. 22.
Orange, prince of. See William III.
Orange, prince of, relieves Charleroi, 1794, vii. 48 ; engaged at Waterloo, vii. 396,
Orange, princes? of, arrested ; her cause espoused by the king of Prussia, vi. 456,
Oregon question, settlement of the, viii. 401, 402.
Orford, earl of. See Walpole, Kobert ; Russell, Adm. Edward.
posed Ja'cobite expedition to Scotland, 1719, 402 ; and the Jacobite plot of 1722.
417 ; died, 1723, 424.
Orleans, duke of, banished Paris for taking part in a discussion against the court,
1788, vi. 471, 472 ; assumes the name of Egalit6 ; votes for Louis XVI. 'a death,
568, 569 ; his defence for so doing, 569 : imprisoned at Marseilles, 596; executed.
Nov. 1793. vii. 27.
Orleans, duke of. See Louis XVIII. of France.
Ormond, marquis of, assembles a force in Ireland in favour of Charles II., iii.
597 ; besieges Dublin, and is defeated by the garrison, 598 ; visits London to
forward a plot against Cromwell, from whom he receives a hint that he is
known, and returns to Biuges, iv. 99 ; attempt of Blood, Dec. 7, 1670, to seize
and hang, 213 ; the king desires that he should pardon Blood, 214.
Ormoiid, duke of, makes, in conjunction with sir George Rooke, an unsuccessful
expedition to Cadiz, v. 115, 116 ; put in command of the British forces, 1712 ;
receives secret instructions from the ministry not to hazard a battle, while
there was a chance of negotiating peace ; besieges Quesnoy ; it surrenders. July
4, 267 ; proclaims an armistice with France ; withdraws his forces from the allied
army, 268 ; his march from Ghent to Bruges, 272 ; impeached of high treason ;
flies to France ; an act of attainder passed against him, 1715, 364 ; passes from
France into Spain, 401, 402 ; appointed to command a proposed expedition against
Orrel, captain, his interest at the riots of 1710, v. 227, 228.
Orrery, earl of, arrested, and sent to the Tower, 1722, for conspiring, v. 418.
Orthez, battle of, Feb. 27, 1814, vii. 355.
Osborne, lord S. G., draws attention to the condition of the Dorsetshire labourers,
viii. 222, 223.
Ostorius Scapula, defeat of Caractacus by, i. 31 ; triumph decreed to, 32 ; defeat
and death of, 33.
Otaheite discovered, 1767 ; visited by Captain Cook, and Bougainville, vi. 578 ;
dispute between France and England as to the national rights over, viii. 375.
Olterbourne, or Chevy Chase, battle of, on Aug. 10, 1388. i. 573, 574.
Otto, M., negotiates the preliminaries of peace, 1801, vii. 163, 164 ; remonstrates
against the newspaper remarks on Bonaparte, 172.
Oudenarde, battle of, July 11, 1708, v. 205, 207.
Outram, Major, British resident at Hyderabad ; attacked by the Beloochees, viii.
Oxford, state of, in 1289, i. 449 ; parliaments held at. See Charles I. and Charles
Oxford university, the members of, preach passive obedience in 1664, iv. 390 ;
Walker, the master of University College, becomes a Roman Catholic, 329 ;
mass celebrated in University College, 332 ; John Massey installed dean of