Charles Page Eden Jeremy Taylor.

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THE



WHOLE WORKS

Of THE

RIGHT REV. JEREMY TAYLOR, D.D.

LORD BISHOP OF DOWN, CONNOR, AND DROMORE.
IN TEN VOLUMES.



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THE

WHOLE WOBKS

OF THE

RIGHT REV. JEREMY TAYLOR, D.D.,

LOKD BISHOP OP DOWN, OONNORy AND DEOMO&B :

WITH A LIFE OF THE AUTHOR,

AND A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF HIS WRITINGS,

BT THB

RIGHT REV. REGINALD HEBER, D.D.,

LATB LORD BISHOP OP CALCUTTA.

REVISED AND CORRECTED

BY THE REV. CHARLES PAGE EDEN, M.A.,

PBLLOW OP OBIBL COLLBOE, OXFORD.

IN TEN VOLUMES,

VOL. XL

LIFE OF CHRIST.

NEW EDITION,



LONDON :

LONGMAN, BBOWN, ORBEN, AND LONGMANS; F. AND J. BIVINOTON; HATCHARD
AND SON ; HAMILTON AND CO. ; SIMPKIN AND CO. ; CAPES AND SON ;
J. BAIN ; B. HODGSON ; H. WA8HB0URNB ; H. G. BOHN ; BICKEBS AND BUSH :
J. VAN V00B8T ; C. DOLMAN. OXFORD : I. H. PARKER. CAMBRIDGE :
J. AND J. J. DEIOHTON; MACMILLAN AND CO. LIVERPOOL: G. AND J. ROBINSON.
BIRMINGHAM : H. C. LANGBRIDGB.

MDCCCL.



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PRINTED BY I. SHRIMPTON.



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THE



GREAT EXEMPLAR

OP

SANCTITY AND HOLY LIFE

ACCORDING TO THE CHRISTIAN INSTITUTION ;

DESCRIBED IN TUB

HISTOEY OP THE LIFE AND DEATH

OP THE EVER-BLESSED

JESUS CHRIST,

THE SAVIOUR OF THE WORLD,

BY JEREMY TAYLOR,

OHArLAlN IN ORDINARY TO KINO CHARLES THE FIRST,
AND LATE LORD BIfHOP OF DOWN AND CONNOR.



LONDON:

LONGMAN, BBOWN, OBBBN, AND LONOMANS ; P. AND J. BIVINOTON ; HATCHARD
AND SON; HAMILTON AND CO.; SIMPKIN AND 00.; 0APB8 AND SON;
J. BAIN; B. HODGSON; H. WASHBOUBNB; H. 0. BOHN; BICKBBS AND BUSH;
J. VAN V00B8T; C. DOLMAN. OXFORD: L H. PARKBR CAMBRIDGB:
J. AND J. J. DBIOHTON ; MAOMILLAN AND CO. LI VBBPOOL : G. AND J. ROBINSON.
BIRMINGHAM : H. C. LANGBRIDGB.

MDCCCXLVII.



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CONTENTS.



THE LIFE OF OUR BLESSED LOBD AND SAVIOUR
JESUS CHRIST.



PART I.

PAGE

Dedication ......... 1

The pre&ce ......... 5

An exhortation to the imitation of the life of Christ . . .38

The prayer ......... 48

SECTION I.

The history of the conception of Jetna . . . .49

Ad Section I.] CondderatioDs upon the annunciation of the blttted Virgin

Mary, and the conception of the holy Jesua . .51

The prayer ......... 55

SECTION II.
The bearing of Jesot in the womb of the blessed Virgin .56

Ad Section II.] Considerations concerning the circumstances of the intenral
between the conception and nativity . .57

The prayer ......... 62

SECTION III.
The nativity of our blessed Saviour Jesus . .65

Ad Section III.] Considerations upon the birth of our blessed Saviour

Jesus ..'...... 66

The prayer ......... 70

Discourse I. Of nursing children, in imitation of the blessed Virgin -mother 72

The prayer ......... 81

SECTION IV.
Of the great and glorious accidents happening about the birth of Jesus . ibid.

Ad Section IV.] Considerations upon the apparition of the angels to the

shepherds ......... 87



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CONTENTS.

PAGE

The prayer ......••• 91

Considerations of the epiphany of the blessed Jesus by a star, and the adoration

of Jesus by the eastern magi ...... ibid.

The prayer ......... 97

SECTION V.
Of the circumcision of Jesus, and His presentation in the Temple . . ibid.

Ad Section V.] Considerations upon the circumcision of the holy child



Jesus ......

The prayer .....*

Discourse II. Of the virtue of obedience

A prayer for the grace of holy obedience

Considerations upon the presentation of Jesus in the Temple

The prayer ......

Discourse III. Of meditation

The prayer ......



99

. 105

. 106

. 124

. 125

. 129

. ibid.

. 144



SECTION VI.

Of the death of the holy Innocents, or the Babes of Bethlehem, and the flight

of Jesus into Egypt .....••• ibid.

Ad Section VL] Considerations upon the death of the Innocents, and the

flight of Jesus into Egypt ....... 148

The prayer ......... 166

SECTION VII.

Of the younger years of Jesus, and His disputation with the doctors in the

Temple ......... 157

Ad Section VII.] Considerations upon the disputation of Jesus with the

doctors in the Temple ....... 159

The prayer ......... 102

SECTION VIII.
Of the preaching of John the baptist, preparative to the numifestation of

Jesus ......... 169

Ad Section VIII.] Considerations upon the preaching of John the baptist 165

The prayer ......... 170

Discourse IV. Of mortiflcation and corporal austerities . . .171

The prayer ......... 188

SECTION IX.

Of Jesus being baptized, and going into the wilderness to be tempted . . 189
Ad Section IX.] Considerations upon the baptizing, fasting, and temptation

of the holy Jesus by the devil . . . .193

The prayer ......... 203

Discourse V. Of temptation ...••.. ibid.

The prayer ......... 228



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ooiniMis.

PAGE

Discourse VI.
PartL Of baptism ........ 229

Part IL Of baptizing infants . . . .247

Tbe prayer ......••. 276



Afpbndix ad Section IX.}
No. III. Cbrisf s prayer at His baptism



277



PART n.

Dedication ......... 28S

SECTION X.

Of the first manifestation of Jesus, by the testimony of John, and a miracle . 285
Ad Section X.] Considerations touching the Yocadon of five disciples, and

of the first miracle of Jesus done at Cana in Galilee 288

The prayer ......... 294

Discourse VII. Of faith ....... ibid.

The prayer ......... 806

SECTION XL

Of Christ's going to Jerusalem to the passover the first time after His mani-
festatioo, and what followed till the expiration of the office of John the
baptist ......... 807

Ad Section XI.] Considerations upon the first journey of the holy Jesus to

Jerusalem, when He whipped the merchants out of the Temple . .810

The prayer ......... 818

Discourse yill. Of the religion of holy places .... 814

The prayer ......... 827

SECTION XIL

Of Jesus' departure into Galilee ; His manner of life, miracles, and preaching ;

His calling of disciples ; and what happened until the second passover . 828
Ad Section XIL] Considerations upon the intercourse happening between

the holy Jesus and the woman of Samaria .... 887

The prayer .......... 844

Ad Section XIL] Considerations upon Christ's first preaching, and the

accidents happening about that time ..... ibid.

The prayer ......... 881

Discourse IX. Of repentance ...... ibid.

The prayer ......... 890

Upon Christ's sermon on the mount, and of the eight beatitudes . .891

The prayer ......... 408

Discourse X. A discourse upon that part of the Decalogue which the holy

Jesus adopted into the institution and obligation of Christianity . . 400



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CONTENTS.

PAGE

The first commandment . • • • • .414

The second commandment . . . . . . .419

The third commandment ....... 422

The fourth commandment ....... 480

The fifth commandment .....•• 433

The sixth commandment ..... . 434

The seventh commandment ....... 442

The eighth commandment ....... 444

The ninth commandment ....... 445

The tenth commandment ....... 446

The prayer ......... 447

Of the three additional precepts which Christ superinduced, and made parts of

the christian law ........ 448

Discourse XI. Of charity, with its parts, forgiving, giving, not judging. —
Parti. Of forgiveness . . . . . .448

Part II. Of alms ........ 459

Part III. Ofnotjudgmg ....... 462

The prayer ......... 463

Discourse XII. Of the second additional precept of Christ ; namely, of

prayer ...... . . 464

The prayer ......... 483

Discourse XIII. Of the third additional precept of Christ, namely, of the

manner of fasting ........ 484

The prayer ......... 490

Discourse XIV. Of the miracles which Jesus wrought, for confirmation of

His doctrine, during the whole time of His preaching . . .491

Tie prayer ......... 498



PART III.

Dedication I. ........ 503

- . - II. 605

SECTION XIII.

Of the second year of the preaching of Jesus ..... 507

Discourse XV. Of the excellence, ease, reasonableness, and advantages of

bearing Christ's yoke, and living according to His institution . .515

The prayer ......... 546

Discourse XY I. Of certainty of salvation ..... ibid.

The prayer ......... 556

SECTION XIV.

Of the third year of the preaching of Jesus ..... ibid.

Discourse XVII. Of scandal, or giving and Uking offence . 572



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CONTENTS.

PAGE

Thepnyer ......... 583

DifCOURSB XVIII. Of the causei and manner of the divine judgments . 584
The prayer ......... 698

SECTION XV.

Of the accidents happening from the death of Lazarus until the death and

burial of Jesus ........ 599

Ad Section XY.] Considerations of some preparatory accidents before the

entrance of Jesus into His passion ..... 619

The prayer . . . . . . .626

Considerations upon the washing of the disciples' feet by Jesus, and His

sermon of humility . . .... 628

The prayer ......... 636

Discourse XIX. Of the institution and reception of the holy sacrament of

the Lord's supper ........ 637

The prayer ... ..... 659

Considerations upon the accidents happenmg on the vespers of the passion 660

The prayer ......... 668

Considerations upon the scourging and other accidents happening from the

apprehenuon till the crucifixion of Jesus ..... 669

The prayer ......... 679

Discourse XX. Of death, and the due manner of preparation to it . . 680

The prayer ......... 701

Considerations upon the crucifixion of the holy Jesus . . . ibid.

The prayer ......... 710

SECTION XVL

Of the resurrection and ascension of Jesus . . . . .711

Ad Section XYL] Considerations upon the accidents happening in the

interval after the death of the holy Jesui untU His resurrection . .715

The prayer ••...... 729



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THE RIGHT HONOURABLE

AND MOST TRULY NOBLE LORD,

CHRISTOPHER LORD HATTON,

BARON HATTON, OF KIRBY, &c.



MY LORD,

When interest divides the churchy and the calentures of men
breathe out in problems and inactive discourses^ each part^ in pur-
suance of its own portion^ follows that proposition which complies
with and bends in all the flexures of its temporal ends ; and while all
strive for truth, they hug their own opinions dressed up in her
imagery, and they dispute for ever ; and either the question is indeter-
minable, or, which is worse, men will never be convinced. For such
is the nature of disputings, that they begin commonly in mistakes, they
proceed with zeal and &ncy, and end not at all but in schisms and
uncharitable names, and too often dip their feet in blood. In the
mean time, he that gets the better of his adversary oftentimes gets
no good to himself, because, although he hath fast hold upon the
ri^ht side of the problem, he may be an ill man in the midst of his
tnimiphant disputations. And therefore it was not here that Grod
would have man's felicity to grow; for our condition had been
extremely miserable if our final state had been placed upon an
uncertain hill, and the way to it had been upon the watera upon
which no spirit but that of contradiction and discord did ever move :
for the man should have tended to an end of an uncertain dwelling;
and walked to it by ways not discernible, and arrived thither by
chance; which, because it is irregular, would have discomposed the

Sleasures of a Christian hope, as the very disputing hatn aheady
estroyed charily, and disunited the continuity of fEuth ; and in the
consequent there would be no virtue, and no fdicity. But God, who
n. B



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DEDICATION.



never loved that man should be too ambitiously busy in imitating His
wisdom, (and man lost paradise for it,) is most desirous we should
imitate His goodness, and transcribe copies of those excellent emana-
tions from His holiness whereby, as He communicates Himself to us
in mercies, so He propounds HimseK imitable by us in graces : and
in order to this, God hath described our way plain, certain, and
determined ; and although He was pleased to leave us undetermined
in the questions of exterior communion, yet He put it past all ques-
tion that we are bound to be charitable. He hath placed the ques-
tion of the state of separation in the dark, in hidden and undiscemed
regions; but He hath opened the windows of heaven, and given great
li^t to us, teaching how we are to demean ourselves in the state of
conjunction. Concerning the salvation of the heathens He was not
pleased to give us account ; but He hath clearly described the duty
of Christians, and teUs upon what terms alone we shall be saved.
And although the not inquiring into the ways of God and the strict
rules of practice have been instrumental to the preserving them free
from the serpentine enfoldings and labyrinths of dispute, yet God also,
with a great design of mercy, hath writ His commandments in so
large characters, and engraven them in such tables, that no man can
want the records, nor yet skill to read the hand-writing upon this
wall, if he understands what he understands, that is, what is placed
in his own spirit. For God was therefore desirous that human
nature should be perfected with moral not intellectual excellencies,
because these only are of use and compliance with our present state
and conjunction. If God had given to eagles an appetite to swim, or
to the elephant strong desires to fly, He would have ordered that an
abode in the sea and the air respectively should have been proportion-
able to their maimer of living ; for so God hath done to man, fitting
him with such excellencies wWch are useful to him in his ways and
progress to perfection. A man hath great use and need of justice,
and all the instances of morality serve his natural and political ends;
he cannot live without them, and be happy : but the filling the rooms
of the understanding with airy and ineffective notions is just such
an excellency as it is in a man to imitate the voice of birds; at his
very best the nightingale shall excel him, and it is of no use to that
end which God designed him in the first intentions of creation.

In pursuance of this consideration, I have chosen to serve the
purposes of reUgion hj doinc assistance to that part of theology
which is wholly practical; that which makes us wiser therefore
because it makes us better. And truly, my lord, it is enough to
weary the spirit of a disputer, that he shall argue till he hath lost his
voice, and his time, and sometimes the question too, and yet no
man shall be of his mind more than was before. How few turn
Lutherans, or Calvinists, or Roman catholics, from the religion either
of their country or interest ! Possibly two or three weak or inte-
rested, fantastic and easy, prejudicate and effeminate understandings.



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DEDICATION. 5

pass from cliurch to church, upon grounds as weak as those for
which formerly they did dissent; and the same arguments are good
or bad, as exterior accidents or interior appetites shall determine. I
deny not but for great causes some opinions are to be quitted ; but
when I consider now few do forsake any, and when any do, often-
times they choose the wrong side, and they that take the righter, do
it so by contingency, and the advantage also is so little, I beUeve
that the triumphant persons have but small reason to please them-
selves in gaining proselytes, since their purchase is so small, and as
inconsiderable to their triumph as it is unprofitable to them who
change for the worse or for me better upon unworthy motives : in
all this there is nothing certain, nothing noble. But he that follows
the work of God, that is, labours to gain souls, not to a sect and a
subdivision, but to the Christian rehgion, that is, to the faith and
obedience of the Lord Jesus, hath a promise to be assisted and re-
warded : and all those that go to heaven are the purchase of such
undertakings, the fruit of such culture and labours ; for it is only a
holy life that lands us there.

And now, my lord, I have told you my reasons, I shall not be
ashamed to say, that I am weaiy and toiled with rowing up and
down in the seas of questions, which the interests of Christendom
have commenced : and in many propositions of which I am heartily
persuaded, I am not certain that I am not deceived; and I find that
men are most confident of those articles which they can so httle
prove that they never made questions of them : but I am most cer-
tain, that by living in the religion and fear of God, in obedience to
the king, in the charities and duties of communion with my spiri-
tual guides, in justice and love with all the world in their several
proportions, I shall not fail of that end which is perfective of human
nature, and which will never be obtained by disputing.

Here therefore when I had fixed my thoughts, upon sad appre-
hensions that God was removing our candlesticK, (for why should He
not, when men themselves put the light out, and puU the stars from
their orbs, so hastening the day of God's judgment?) I was desirous
to put a portion of the holy fire into a repository, which might help
to reenkindle the incense, when it shall please God religion shaU
return, and all His servants sing In canvertendo captivitatem Sum
with a voice of eucharist.

But now, my lord, although the results and issues of my retire-
ments and study do naturally run towards you, and cany no excuse
for their forwardness but the confidence that your goodness rejects
no emanation of a great affection; yet in this address I am apt to
promise to myself a fair interpretation, because I bring you an instru-
ment and auxiliaries to that devotion whereby we believe you are
dear to God, and know that you are to good men. And if these
little sparks of holy fire which I have heaped together do not give
life to your prepared and already enkindled spirit, yet they will some-

b2

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4 DEDICATIO!*.

times help to entertain a thought^ to actuate a passion, to em^loj
and hallow a &ncy^ and put the body of your piety into fermentation,
by presenting you with me circumstances and parts of such medita-
tions which are symbolical to those of yonr daily office, and which
are the pa^e-temps of your severest hours. My lord, I am not so
vain to think that in the matter of devotion and the rules of justice
and religion, which is the business of our life, I can add any thing
to your heap of excellent things : but I have known and felt comfort
by reading, or hearing fipom other persons, what I knew myself, and
it was inactive upon my spirit till it was made vigorous and effective
from uithout : and in this sense I thought I might not be useless
and impertinent.

My lord, I designed to be instrumental to the salvation of all
persons that shall read my book : but unless, because souls are equal
m their substance and equally redeemed, we are obliged to wish the
salvation of all men with the greatest, that is, with equal desires, I
did intend, in the highest manner I could, to express how much I
am to pay to you, by doing the offices of that duty which, although
you less need, yet I was most bound to pay, even the duties and
charities of rehgion; having this design, that when posterity (for
certainly they wul learn to distinguish things and persons) shall see
your honoured name employed to separate and rescue these papers
from contempt, they may with the more confidence expect in them
something fit to be offered to such a personage. My lord, I have
my end, il I serve God and you, and the needs and interests of souls;
but shfiJl think my return full of reward, if you shall give me pardon,
and put me into your litanies, and account me in the number of your
relatives and servants; for indeed, my lord, I am most heartily,
your lordship's most affectionate

and most obUged servant,

JER. TAYLOR.



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THE PREFACR



Chbisttian religion hath so many exterior advantages to its reputa-
tion and advancement^ firom the author and from the ministers^ from
tke fountain of its origination and the channels of conveyance; God
being the author^ the Word incarnate being the great doctor and
preacher of it^ His life and death being its ccmsignation, the holy
Spirit being tiie great argument and demonstration of it^ and the
apostles the organs and conduits of its dissemination; that it were
glorious beyond all opposition and disparagement^ though we should
not consider the excellency of its matter, and the certainty of its pro-
bation^ and the efficacy of its power, and the perfection and rare
accomplishment of its design, ^ut I consider that Christianily is
therefore very little understood, because it is reproached upon that
pretence which its very being and design does infinitely confate. It
IS esteemed to be a religion contrary in its principles or in its pre-
cepts to that wisdom* whereby the world is governed and common-
w^ths increase and greatness is acquired and kings go to war and
our ends of interest are served and promoted ; and that it is an insti-
tution so wholly in order to another world that it does not at all
communicate with this, neither in its end nor in its discourses,
neither in the policy nor in the philosophy : and therefore, as the
doctrine of the cross was entertain^ at first in scorn by the Greeks,
in offence and indignation by the Jews, so is the whole system and
collective body of Christian philosophy esteemed imprudent by the



Online LibraryCharles Page Eden Jeremy TaylorThe whole works of the Right Rev. Jeremy Taylor → online text (page 1 of 93)