Limneria ccylonica, Cameron,* Manch. Mem. 1897, p.
cT . A black species, with the abdomen broadly, and legs partly,
red. Head very closely and somewhat strongly punctate through-
out ; face not sparsely white-pubescent ; mandibles, except
basally, ferruginous and the palpi testaceous, becoming apically
paler. Antennae entirely black, with very short pubescence.
Thorax alutaceous and immaculate, with dense white pilosity
throughout; metanotum gradually and subconvexly sloping; pro-
pleurae nitidulous and obliquely strigose, more strongly basally ;
mesopleurae punctate and above centrally trans-aciculate ; ineta-
pleurae alutaceous. Abdomen red, with the first segment entirely
black, and the second also black, except the apex above and a mark
on the side which are rufous. Legs : front pair fulvous, with the
apices of their black coxae white ; the intermediate femora apically,
and their tibioo basally, rufescent ; calcaria pale. Wings clear
hyaline, subinfumate apically ; stigma black ; areolet shortly
petiolate, with its lateral nervures slightly curved and its lower
margin sharply angled centrally.
Length 7-8 millim.
Type in the Oxford Museum.
This male would be, perhaps, more correctly placed in the
genus Campoplex, where the entirely black hind legs ally it to
Genus IDECHTHIS, Forst.
Idechthis, Forster, Verh. pr. Rheinl. 1868, p. Io4.
GENOTYPE, not cited.
Head transverse and not broad ; clypeus apically very broadly
rounded and not produced; eyes internally parallel and not
emarginate ; metanotum striate and not rugose, with the petiolar
area not excavate ; spiracles small and circular : abdomen with
the spiracles of second segment very distinctly beyond its centre;
terebra not extending beyond anus ; hind calcaria shorter than
second joint of their tarsi ; areolet entire and pentagonal, with
the radius angled above it ; anal nervure emitted exactly from
centre of first recurrent ; nervellus straight and not intercepted ;
basal abscissa of radius in hind wings shorter than their recurrent
Range. Palsearctic Region.
It is very improbable that the genus LatJirostizus, Forst., is
distinct from the present one ; my diagnosis above includes the
characters of both, since they are combined in the species herein
comprised. Cameron incorrectly placed his species in Tranosemu,
Forst. (Verh. pr. Rheinl. 1868, p. 157), with considerable doubt ;
but it differs from it in having the second segmental spiracles
distinctly behind the centre.
387. Idechthis striata, Cam.
Tranosetna? striata, Cameron,* Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc.
1906, p. 276 (2).
Tranosema? spilostoma, Cameron,* op. cit. p. 277 ($)
$ . A black and nitidulous species, with the legs pale. Head
not cubical ; clypeus smooth and nitidulous, basally not discrete,
Fig. 143 Idechthis striata, Cam.
apically red and broadly rounded, laterally foveate and sub-
reflexed ; face strongly nitidulous and obsoletely trans-aciculate ;
IDECHTHIS. AXILASTA. 493
eyes coarsely facetted and internally quite parallel ; cheeks short
and hardly longer thau the antenual pedicle ; frons and vertex
aciculate ; ocelli prominent and remote, much further from one
another than from the eyes ; mandibles, usually excepting apices,
tlavous ; palpi pale testaceous and basally black. Antennae filiform,
slender and immaculate, shorter than the body. Metanotum
irregularly and somewhat strongly striate and subpunctate ;
areola distinct, more than twice as long as broad and obliquely
constricted basally ; petiolar area not excavate, twice as long as
broad, carinate throughout, nitidulous and apically constricted;
spiracles small and circular ; upper two-thirds of propleurse and
basal half of mesopleurae, except below the centre, closely acicu-
late. Scutellum convex and black. Abdomen smooth and hardly
compressed, centrally but little broader than the thorax, pilose,
with apices of all the segments somewhat indeterminately fulvous;
basal segment elongate and longer than second, with postpetiole
distinct and dilated, centrally closely aciculate, its spiracles close
to centre ; spiracles of second segment very distinctly beyond the
centre ; hypopygium obtusely exserted ; terebra not extending
beyond the anus, with the valvulae broad and stout. Legs slender
and fulvous, with the coxae and base of trochanters black ; hind
trochanters apically red or stramineous ; apices of femora, and
anterior tibiae, flavidous ; hind calcaria shorter than their second
tarsal joint. Wings very ample and remarkably clear hyaline,
with the costa and the somewhat large stigma pale testaceous, and
the nervures black ; tegulse stramineous, pterostigma iucrassate
and rounded behind ; areolet entire, triangular, narrowed and
more or less coalesced above, emitting the recurrent uervure from
its centre ; basal nervure continuous ; radial cell somewhat short
and broad, angled above the areolet ; apical nervures of the hind
Length 6 millim.
BALUCHISTAN : Peshin, iv. 03 (Col. Nurse).
Type in Col. Nurses' collection.
The small distinctions upon which Cameron differentiated his
second species are not at all obvious, the clypeus is distinctly red
apically in both, and an examination of both the types has con-
vinced me that they are specifically identical.
Genus ANILASTA, Thomson.
(?) Amlastus, FSrster, Verb. pr. Rheinl. 1868, p. 157.
Anilasta, Thomson, Opusc. Ent. xi, 1887, p. 1168.
GENOTYPE, Campoplex ebeninus, Grav.
Head anteriorly triangular ; cheeks somewhat elongate, not
buccate, with the genal costa inflexed ; clypeus convex and
apically rounded, with small lateral foveae ; mandibles narrowed
.apically, with the teeth subequal ; eyes slightly emarginate next
the scrobes. Antennal flagellum usually stout and elongate,
apically attenuate. Thorax not cylindrical, higher than long,.
with the mesosteriium nearly always transverse and the meta-
notal carina} distinct ; areola usually transverse and angled.
First abdominal segment with the glymmal sulci distinct, and the
subquadrate postpetiole obviously broader ; second segment not
or hardly longer than the third, and not transverse ; seventh
rarely incised in $ and the terebra either hardly exserted or a
little longer than the basal segment, with dilated valvulae. Legs
not Btout, with the tarsal claws pectinate. Wings with the
stigma not broad ; areolet nearly always irregular, small and
petiolate ; radial cell sublanceolate and the second discoidal
apically acute ; anal nervure emitted from the centre of the
brachial cell ; nervellus neither oblique nor geniculate.
Range. Pala?arctic Eegion, Himalayas, Ceylon.
Table of Species.
1 (2) Abdomen entirely black ; basal meta-
notal area not petiolate ebenina, Grav., p. 494.
2 (1) Abdomen broadly red ; basal meta-
notal area petiolate.
3 (4) Costulse wanting; hind tibire not
basally black simlacnsis, Cam., p. 495.
4 (3) Costulse entire; hind tibia? basally
black varicoxa, Thorns., p. 496.
388. Anilasta ebenina, Grav.
Campoplex ebeninus, Gravenhorst, Ichn. Europ. iii, 1829, p. 48O
Limneria melanaria, Holmgren, Sv. Ak. Handl. 1854, p. 37.
Campoplex melanarius, Holmgren, op. cit. 1858, p. 37 ; Fb'rster,.
Vorh. z.-b. Ges. 1868, p. 872 (3 $ ).
Anilasta. ebenina, Thomson, Opusc. Ent. xi, 1887, p. 1170 (J $).
J $ . A pilose, black species, with the legs, except basally,
alone red. Head with the vertex broad, and but slightly con-
stricted behind the internally subemarginate eyes ; clypeus apically
rounded and simple ; palpi and mandibles pale, with the teeth
subequal. Antennce not very slender. Thorax immaculate, with
the areola hexagonal, not longer than broad and emitting distinct
costulaj a little beyond its centre ; basal area not small ; spiracles
circular. Abdomen entirely black, with the postpetiole somewhat
widened and the apices of the segments nitidulous ; terebrit
distinctly exserted. Legs clear red, with the anterior coxa3 and
trochanters sometimes paler, and the hind ones black ; hind tibia>
externally spinulose and hardly darker apically. Wings hyaline,
with the tegula? white and the areolet petiolate.
Length 6-7 millim.
KASHMIE, 8000-9000 ft. (Col. Nurse); ASSAM: Shillong,.
6000 ft., iv and vi. 03 (Rowland Turner). EUBOPE.
Type in the Breslau Museum.
389. Anilasta simlaensis, Cam.
Limneria simlaensis, Cameron,* Zeits. Hym.-Dipt. v, 1905, p. 283-
$ . A black species, with the abdomen broadly and the legs red,
the base of the latter flavous. Head black, with the palpi and
mandibles pale fiavous and the apices of the latter red : face and
clypeus dull, finely and closely punctate and densely pilose, the
alutaceous irons and vertex sparsely pilose. Antennae, black,
Thorax alutaceous ; metanotum
closely punctate and distinctly
trans-bicarinate, the basal carin'a
united to the base of the segment
by a keel which bifurcates at the
base ; apical slope closely and
irregularly reticulate ; pleurae
coarsely alutaceous, with the pro-
pleurse closely striate ; inesopleurao
with the oblique central impression
distinctly striate above. Scutellum
closely and distinctly punctate.
, 144. Abdomen black, with the second
Anilasta simlaensis, Cam. and third segments apically, the
fourth basally, and the remainder
almost entirely, red ; venter red, with its base subflavidous.
Legs red, with the hind ones darker ; coxae and trochanters pale
flavidous, the hind ones broadly externally and basally, their
tarsi and apices of their tibiae, black. Wings clear hyaline, with
nervures and stigma black ; areolet small, oblique and snorter
than its petiole.
Length 7 mil lira.
KASHMIB, 6000 ft., v. 01 (Col. Nurse) ; PUNJAB: Simla, viii. 9&
(Col. Nurse, type).
Type in Col. Nurse's collection.
This species belongs to Thomson's genus Anilasta ; it has the
anterior coxae and trochanters entirely, and the hind coxae only
above, stramineous ; the metanotum is dull, granulate and not
longitudinally impressed, the areola is subquadrate, not longer
than broad, hardly discrete from the petiolar area and emits the
costulae almost from its base, the basal area is extremely narrow
and subparall el-sided and the spiracles circular ; the hind femora
and tibiae are red with the latter hardly darker at both extremities r
the nervellus is not geniculate ; the basal nervure slightly post-
furcal ; the second discoidal cell apically acute and the anal
nervure intercepts the brachial cell at its centre ; the terebra is
very slightly exserted.
The Kashmir specimen differs from the type only in its rather
smaller size and entirely black coxae.
390. Anilasta varicoxa, Thorns.
Anilasta varicoxa, Thomson, Opusc. Ent. xi, 1887, p. 1173 (tf $ ).
c? $ . A black species, with the abdomen and legs mainly red,
the mouth and tegulae white, and the metanotal costulse strong.
Head very strongly constricted behind the prominent eyes ; face
with white pubescence ; mandibles not basally reflexed below,
small and white, with the palpi concolorous. Antenna with the
flagellum elongate and the scape not pale beneath. Thorax pilose;
autespecular stria? nitidulous ; metanotal costuke strong ; areola
laterally entire, basal area narrow and petiolate ; spiracles circular.
Abdomen dull red, with the two basal segments (except apical
angles of the second), and the base of the third discally, black ;
terebra black and not extending beyond the anus. Legs red, with
the coxae (excepting front ones beneath and apices of the inter-
mediate), the hind tarsi, and both extremities of their tibia?, black.
Wings with the tegulae white ; areolet oblique, small and not as
long as its petiole ; apical abscissa of radial nervure elongate ;
nervellus not intercepted.
Lewftli 6 millim.
CEYLON: Madulsima, xi. 08 (T. Bainbrigr/e Fletcher).
The Ceylon female agrees so perfectly with Thomson's somewhat
short diagnosis that I have but little hesitation in ascribing it to
Genus ANGITIA, Holmg.
Angitia, Holmgren, Ofv. Sv. Ak. Forh. 1858, p. 327 ; id., Sv. Ak.
Handl. 1858, no. 8, p. 106.
GEXOTYPE, Limneria fenestralis, Holmg.
Head not cubical ; cheeks neither elongate nor buccate, with
their costae inflexed ; clypeus apically simple, with small lateral
foveae ; mandibles not stout, narrowed towards the subequal
apical teeth. Antennal migelluin usually filiform ; scape small
:md often white beneath. Thorax cylindrical, with the raeso-
sternum not transverse ; propleurae not or hardly aciculate ;
metathoracic carinae distinct, areola confluent with the not trans-
versely rugose petiolar area, costula? strong, basal area small and
triangular ; spiracles circular. Abdomen with the glymmal sulci
-of basal segment distinct and the postpetiole somewhat widened ;
second segment longer than the third, with the thyridii usually
obsolete ; seventh segment of $ often excised ; terebra reflexed
and about half the length of the abdomen. Legs not stout ; hind
tibiae often infuscate at apex and before base, hardly externally
spinulose ; tarsal claws subpectinate ; trochanters usuallv pale.
Wings with the tegulae always, and the stigma usually, pale ;
.areola as a rule small, petiolate and emitting the recurrent
nervure beyond its centre ; second discoidal cell broader apically,
with its lower angle acute ; nervellus neither oblique nor geni-
Range. Palaearctic Kegion, India.
391. Angitia fenestralis, Holmy.
Campoplex majalis, var. 4, Gravenhorst, Ichn. Europ. iii. 1829
p. 464 (2).
Limneria fenestralis, Holmgren, Sv. Ak. Handl. 1858, n. 8, p. 59 ;
Brischke, Schr. Nat. Ges. Danz. 1880, p. 150: Bridgman &
Fitch, Entom. 1885, p. 108 (f 2).
Angitia fenestralis, Thomson, Opusc. Ent. xi, 1887, p. 1156 (cT $)
d 1 ? . A sublinear, black species, with the slender femora and
tibiae red ; hind femora more or less infuscate, and their tibiae
blackish at the apex and before their white base; wings with
stramineous stigma and the
apically curved external radial
abscissa a little longer than the
basal. Head narrowed pos-
teriorly, with the cheeks some-
what elongate, and both mandi-
bles and palpi white. Antenna
longer than half the body ; scape
pale beneath. Thorax im-
maculate, with the metanotal
carinse distinct ; areola sub-
hexagonal, apically incomplete
and emitting the distinct cos-
tulse from its centre ; basal
area not small and the spiracles
circular. Abdomen black, with
the reflexed terebra half its
length. Legs with the anterior
Wings with the areolet subregular and
emitting the recurrent nervure from, or from but slightly beyond,
Length 5 millini.
PUNJAB: Lyallpur (Pusa coll.); EAJPUTANA: Mt. Abu (Col.
Type in the Stockholm Museum.
The female in the Pusa collection was bred from the Tineid moth,
Plutella maculipennis, Curt., and in Europe it has been raised from
Tineids, Tortricids and Pyralids.
This tribe differs from the PBISTOMERIDES, to which its facies
closely allies it, in possessing no femoral tooth or areolet ; from
the PORIZONIDES in having the subraarginal nervure unusually
elongate instead of subobsolete and the radius not quite right-
Fig. 145. Angitia fenestralis, Holmg.
angled above it ; and from the PLECTISCIDES * in the tibiae not
being basally constricted and the head being as broad as the thorax.
Only four genera are known, with widely distributed species.
Table of Genera.
1 (2) Recurrent nervure emitted beyond the
submarginal ; nietanotum not apically [p. 498.
produced CREMASTUS, Grav.,
2 (1) Recurrent nervure continuous with the
submarginal ; nietanotum apically
produced TARYTIA, Cam., p. 502.
Genus CREMASTUS, Grav.
Cremastus, Gravenhorst, Ichn. Europ. iii, 1829, p. 730.
Paurolexis, Cameron, Journ. Bombay Nat. Iliat. Soc. 1906, p. 282.
GENOTYPE, C. interrupter, Grav.
Head transverse, broadly rounded posteriorly and not very
narrow ; clypeus apically somewhat abruptly rounded, margined,
somewhat distinctly discrete centrally and obliquely sulcate
laterally ; eyes glabrous and large, not or hardly emarginate in-
ternally ; cheeks elongate and not sulcate ; lower mandibular tooth
distinctly a little the longer ; scrobes very large and aciculate,
extending nearly to the ocelli. Antennae slender. Notauli rarely
deeply impressed ; mesopleurae sometimes crenulately sulcate
above the centre ; nietanotum convex and completely areated ;
areola twice as long as broad, basally subacuminate and apicallv
truncate ; petiolar area not or hardly excavate ; apex sometimes
produced above the hind coxae ; spiracles circular and small.
Abdomen slender, alutaceous and more or less strongly compressed ;
first segment elongate with the basal third petiolate and the apex
dilated ; second twice as long as broad, often finely aciculate ;
terebra elongately exserted. Tarsal claws simple ; basal hind
tarsal joint about as long as the three following united ; front
tarsi double the length of their tibiae ; hind tibiae a little curved
but not basally constricted, with their femora not dentate. Wings
not ample, all the nervures apically obsolete, and the front ones
with no areolet ; second recurrent emitted immediately beyond,
and not much longer than, the submarginal ; radial cell short, not
extending beyond centre of metacarpus ; stigma broad and sub-
triangular, emitting the radius from its centre ; external cubital
and anal nervures wanting, basal subcontinuous ; first discoidal
cell much broader basally than apically, and short ; nervellus
straight and not intercepted, its median nervure wanting thence
* Respecting the PLECTISCIDES, it is sufficient in the present state of our
knowledge to say that doubtless this tribe is very numerously represented in
India, whence I have seen a female collected in Ceylon by Dr. Thwaites, in
1867 ; &c., &c. ; but so little attention has at present been paid to the collecting
of these small species that an account of them is held over for the present.
Cameron was of opinion that his genus belonged to the CAMPO-
'PLEGIDES, wherein he wished to place it near Zaporus, but it is
distinct from that tribe in its very short and nearly right-angled
.radial cell in the front wings, and the basally wanting median
nervure in the hind wings ; the latter feature is shared with the
POBIZONIDES, which differ in having a much shorter submarginal
nervure and the basal superiorly incrassate at the pterostigma.
Cameron's diagnosis of Paurolexis will be found to coincide very
well with that of Cremastus, Grav., as given by Thomson (Opusc.
Ent. xiv, p. 1441).
Table of Species.
1 (2) Ked ; metathoracic areola four times
as long as broad pestifer, sp. n., p. 499.
2 (1) Flavous ; areola at most twice as long
3 (4) Second segment not aciculate ; abdo-
men with black bands flavus, Cam., p. 500.
4 (3) Second segment strongly aciculate;
abdomen discally black no.riosus, sp. n., p. 501.
392. Creniastus pestifer, sp. n.
$ . A bright red species, with the head, thorax and part of the
abdomen, discally black. Head with the frons, vertex and occiput
centrally, and the rnandibular apices, black; frons and vertex
closely and finely punctate, scrobes large but not deeply impressed ;
face transverse and a little convex, with epistoma prominent
and the apically subtruncate clypeus basally strongly discrete.
Antennce as long as the body, very slender and black, with the
scape and flagellar base testaceous beneath. Thorax elongate and
deplanate, much longer than high, red, with three broad stripes
on the finely and dis-
tinctly punctate meso-
notum, the frenum,
scutellar sulcus, and the
whole disc of the finely
black ; metanotal areas
very distinct ; basal areas
elongate and triangular ;
areola four times as long
as its width at the basal
fourth, whence the
strong costulae are emit-
ted, and not distinctly
discrete from the basally
acuminate and apically
Fig . He. Cremastus pestifer, Mori. parallel - sided petiolar
ST- area, which extends far
above the hind coxas. Scutellum deplanate, red and finely punctate.
Abdomen sublinear, with the aciculate second segment not broader
than the third and distinctly longer than the first ; basal segment
parallel-sided to its centre and thence very gradually widened
to the apex, which is about one-third as broad as its total length
and very finely aciculate ; base of first two segments broadly, and
of all the remainder narrowly, detenninately black ; terebra
black and about half the length of the abdomen. Leys pale fulvous,
with the coxae substraniineous ; hind tibiae testaceous, with the
base and apex blackish. Wings broad but not ample ; radix and
tegulae dull testaceous, the stigma and nervures ferruginous ;.
radial cell short and apically subreflexed; subinarginal nervure
longer than half the recurrent, which is emitted closely beyond it ;
basal nervure continuous; nervellus postfurcal, and subgeniculate
centrally but not intercepted.
Length 8 millim.
CEYLON : Weligama, i.08 (T. Bainbrlgge Fletcher, type), Kuru-
negalla, i. 10 (G. G. Gilpin Brown).
Type in the author's collection.
This species has much the facies of Tarytia Jlavo-orbitalis, but
differs to an appreciable extent both in colour and sculpture ; the
black base of the bright red abdominal segments is distinctive.
393. Cremastus flavus, Cam.
Paurolexis Jlunts, Cameron,* Jouru. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 1906,.
$ . A pale flavous species with the mandibular teeth, scrobes,
ocelli, three inesonotal stripes, basal metanotal area, prosternal
and mesopleural spots, mesosternal and metapleural lines, scutellar
fovea, and frenum laterally, base of all the abdominal segments
and centre of the first two, basal segment beneath, terebral
valvulae, base of hind femora and of both their trochanteral joints
narrowly, black. Antennae extending to near apex of basal seg-
ment, filiform, with the flagellum ferruginous, becoming basally
infuscate. Metanotum strongly nitidulous, obsoletely punctate and
pilose, with the complete arese very finely delineated ; areola twice
as long as broad. Scutelhim evenly and somewhat strongly convex,
and nitidulous throughout. Abdomen with the apical segments
rufescent basally, and apically glaucous white; terebra about
three-fourths the abdominal length. Leys: hind pair not longer
than the abdomen, with the apical half of their tibiae infuscate
beneath and a small dark spot before the base. Stigma flavous,
with its apex ferruginous beneath.
Length 8| millim.
BALUCHISTAN: Quetta, vi.03 (Col. Nurse).
Type in Col. Nurse's Collection.
All the species described by Thomson (Opusc. Ent. xiv, p. 1444)
are mainly black, but the present one is most closely allied in the
conformation of its glymmal sulci to C. signatus, Holmg. (Sv. Ak.
Handl. 1858, p. 108). Van Vollenhoven described a rf of this
genus under the name C. balteatus in 1878 (Tijds. Ent. xxi, p. 168,
pi. x, fig. 6), from Breda, which Dalla Torre (Cat. Hym. iii. p. 33)
has erroneously rendered Batavia, in Java.
394. Cremastus noxiosus, sp. n.
J $ . A briglit flavous species with profuse black markings.
Head flavous, with the mandibular apices and interocellar space
black ; frons and vertex finely punctate and dull, scrobes small and
superficial : face transverse, dull and a little convex, with the
epistoma subprominent longitudinally, and the apically sharply
rounded clypeus strongly discrete basally. Anterinas'M long as the
body, very slender, dark, with the scape and flagellar base testaceous
beneath. Thorax deplanate and somewhat elongate, red in c? or
black in $ , with two narrow stripes on the finely and distinctly
punctate mesonotum and the preradical lines flavous ; frenum and
the whole disc of the metathorax black; areae very distinct ; basal
area elongate and triangular ; ai'eola hardly twice as long as broad
tit the basal third, whence the strong costulse are emitted, and
distinctly discrete from the basally rounded and apically parallel-
sided petiolar area which extends far above the hind coxae.
Scutellwn subconvex, briglit flavous and punctate. Abdom,en dis-
cally black and ventrally flavous, linear, with the strongly
aciculate second segment not broader than the base of the third,
and as long as the first segment ; basal segment parallel-sided to
centre and thence exactly fusiform to its apex, which is hardly