REVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION
Attrtftit anH Ktttpttb ^rotttsli lite
INSTRUCTIONS IN ALL THE DEGREES
THIRD TO THE THIRTY-THIRD, AND LAST
DEGREE OF THE RITE.
CEREMONIES OF INAUGURATION, INSTITUTION, INSTALLATION, GRAND
VISITATIONS, REFECTIONS, LODGES OK SORROW, ADOPTION,
CONSTITUTIONS, GENERAL REGULATIONS, CALENDAR,
ETC., ETC., ETC.
CHARLES T. McCLENACHAN, 33Â°,
THE GRAND MASTER OF CEREMONIES OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL, NORTHERN
JURISDICTION, U. S.
MACOY PUBLISHING & MASONIC SUPPLY CO.
45-49 John St., New York, U. S. A.
Entered according to act of Congress, in me year ixcr.
By The Masonic Publishing & Manufacturing Company,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the
Southern District of New York.
Copyright, 1885, by
E. A. McClen ACHAN.
" All Rights Reserved." 1
Copyright, 1899, by
Mrs. Charles T. McClenachajt.
" All Rights Reserved."
Copyright, 1901, by
Mrs. Charles T. McClenachan-
" All Rights Reserved."
Copyright, 1004, by
Mrs. Charles T. McClen ach an.
" All Rights Reserved."
THOSE GREAT PRINCIPLES
ifratermtg mb SEnleratinn,
UNITING MAN TO HIS FELLOWS,
EMBRACING ALL THAT PERTAINS
INCULCATE ON EARTH THE SUBLIME TEACHINGS
Love of God" and "Love of Neighbor,'
MAKING THE AFTER-LIFE IN A BRIGHTER WORLD
WORTH LIVING FOR,
THIS VOLUME IS INSCRIBED.
Classification of Degrees 9
Triple Triangle, Emblematic 22
Introduction to the Ineffable and Sublime Degrees 23
First Seriesâ€” Symbolical Degrees 26
Second Seriesâ€” Ineffable Degrees, Prefatory 26
Secret Master 29
Perfect Master 47
Intimate Secretary 61
Provost and Judge 69
Intendant of the Buildings 83
Master Elect of Nine ^-*
Master Elect of Fifteen 105
Sul Â»lime Master Elected U5
Grand Master Architect 12 ->
Master of the Ninth Arch rP > 7
Grand Elect Mason 149
Third Series 1,<d
Knight of the East or Sword 183
Prince of Jerusalem 19-5
Fourth Series 213
Knight of the East and West 219
Knight of the Rose-Croix, with attendant ceremonials; . 243
Fifth Series 285
Grand Pontiff 289
Grand Master of all Symbolic Lodges 303
Noachite or Prussian Knight â€¢ â€¢ â€¢ 315
Knight of the Royal Axe 323
Chief of the Tabernacle 331
Prince of the Tabernacle 347
Knight of the Brazen Serpent 357
Prince of Mercy 367
Knight Commander of the Temple 385
Knight of the Sun 399
Knight of St. Andrew 417
Sixth Series 435
Knight Kadosh 439
Grand Inspector Inquisitor Commander 453
Sublime Prince of the Royal Secret 467
Supreme Council 33d degree, Prefatory 489
Inspector General 491
Appendix to the Grand Constitutions of 1786 493
Powers and Duties of Deputies 497
Ceremony of Inauguration and Constitution of a Lodge of
Ceremonial Degree at the Installation of Officers of the
Lodge of Perfection 506
Ceremony of Installation of a Lodge of Perfection 508
Constitution and Installation of a Council of Princes of
Installation of Officers of a Sovereign Chapter Rose-Croix, 526
Inauguration of a Consistory of Sublime Princes of the
Royal Secret 533
Installation of a Consistory 538
Ceremony of Baptism in the Ancient and Accepted Scottish
Grand Visitations â€” Honors due, etc 577
Forms of Refections, commonly termed Feasts or Banquets. . 578
Toasts of Obligation at Refections 579
Directions in Drinking Toasts of Obligation 581
Masonic Glossary 582
Councils of Deliberation 586
Ceremonial for a Lodge of Sorrow 588
Forms of Petition for Membership and Application for
Dispensation or Warrant 600
Tableau of Officers and Members of the Supreme Council. 603
Hebrew Calendar 633
The Volume now presented to the Masonic public
assumes to itself no special originality ; but the appa-
rent want of a complete and systematic hand-book for
the assistance and instruction of those essaying the
higher walks of Masonry, in the Ancient and Accepted
Scottish Rite, would seem to justify the humble ambi-
tion which the Collator of this volume has attempted.
His personal experience, extending through a period
of years, has taught him the necessity of some complete
Monitor whereby the beauty and sublimity of the Rite
could be more thoroughly and justly rendered.
Deferring, as he does, with all respect to those who
have preceded him in similar efforts, he humbly trusts
that if he has not added anything of value, interest, or
importance to the beautiful ritual of the Rite, that he
may not be accused of detracting from any portion of
that solemnity and solid worth which necessarily form
the basis of its several Degrees.
If incessant study and a practical familiarity with the
exemplification of the work can claim for him any merit,
he trusts tnat this volume may receive favor for the in-
tention which the writers' ambition prompts, and that
those who follow in similar paths may rectify such
errors as may have been inadvertently committed.
The Collator, in presenting the result of his labors to
the public, by no means would claim an approach to
perfection ; it will doubtless be conceded that in this
country, so far as the various degrees have been fully
worked, that while replete with beauty, moral and in-
structive teachings, their rendering is still susceptible
of elaboration and improvement.
The effort of the Collator has been, in this work, to
maintain all the original landmarks of the Rite in their
pristine purity, and at the same time to embellish, so
far as might be proper, with kindred surroundings,
many portions of the work where the original ritual
might seem defective.
In performing the self-imposed and pleasing task,
which is thus completed, it would be improper to forget
the aid that has been attained from the writings of the
Illustrious Past Grand Commanders of the Northern
Jurisdiction of the United States, and in such portions
of this work where the Rituals and Monitors of the
Northern and Southern Supreme Councils are the
same, much credit is due to the Grand Commander of
the Southern Supreme Council, Albert Pike; and it
must appear to the Student, that the Sacred writings
have been necessarily drawn upon in this connection,
including the Koran, Talmud, Josephus, Herodotus,
the Persian Magi, and contemporaneous writings, aa
also Findel, Addison, and others.
DEGREES OF THE ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED
Theke are Six Series of Degrees in the Order, not including
that of Inspector-General, or 33d Degree, and contain in num-
bers of Degrees the following, respectively, 3, 11, 2, â€” 2, 11, 3,
Symbolic Lodgeâ€”Symbolic Degrees.
1. Entered Apprentice. 2. Fellow Craft. 3. Master Mason.
Perfection Lodge â€” Ineffable Degrees.
4. Secret Master. l r Â»- Knight Elect of Fifteen.
5. Perfect Master. 11. Sublime Knight Elected.
6. Intimate Secretary. r - Grand Master Architect.
7. Provost and Judge. 13. Royal Arch of Enoch.
8. Intendant of the Buildings. 14. Grand, Elect, Perfect and
9. Elect of Nine. Sublime Master Mason.
Council of Princes â€” Historical Degrees.
13. Knight of the East or Sword. 16. Prince of Jerusalem.
DEGREES OF THE A. AND A. RIT)-:.
Rose-Croix C hapterâ€” Philosophical Degrees.
17. Knight of the East 18. Knight of the Rose-Croix
anil West. de H-R-D-M.
Areopagus â€” Historical and Philosophical Degrees.
19. Grand Pontiff.
20. Grand Master of all
21. Noachite, or Prussian
22. Knight of the Royal Axe.
23. Chief of the Tabernacle.
24. Prince of the Tabernacle.
2.".. Knight of the Brazen
26. Prince of Mercy.
27. Commander of the Temple.
28. Knight of the Sun.
29. Knight of St. Andrew, or
Patriarch of the
nsistoryâ€”Chivalric I degrees.
30. Knight of Kadosh.
31. Grand Inspector Inquisitor Commander.
32. Sublime Prince of the Royal Secret.
Council â€” Official and Executive.
33. Inspector-Generalâ€” 33d Degree and Last Grade.
ANYIEYr AID ACCEPTED SCOTTISH KITE.
The following pages are not intended to give a lull
and elaborate history of the Ancient and Accepted Scot-
tish Kite; space cannot he spared in a work intended
only as a monitor or handbook for the guidance and
instruction of those having an interest in the Kite ;â€” yet
it is deemed proper and expedient to insert a brief his-
tory for the information of those who might not have
the opportunity of searching and examining a subject
claiming so much interest.
The antiquity of Freemasonry and its ancient history
are evidently involved in fable, and the few authentic
historians whose works are extant, have thrown but
little light upon the subject. The opinions of those
who have written on Freemasonry have differed with
regard to its origin as an organized institution.
Dr. Robison, who, it is well known, labored to identify
Freemasonry with Illuminism, ascribed its origin to the
association of Dionysian artificers; Chevalier Ramsay
has endeavored to prove that it arose during the Cru
hades ; Mr. Clinch, that it originated from the institution
of Pythagoras; 31r. Barruel, that it is a continuation
of the Templars, &c.
Hence it will be seen that it has been allowed, even
by the most skeptical, to have been instituted at a period
sufficiently remote to entitle it to the appellation of " An-
cient ;" and we may here dismiss the subject by noting
the fact that " its most learned enemies cannot point to
the time when Freemasonry did not exist, which gives it
a fame â€” a pre-eminence â€” to which the history of other
institutions affords no parallel."
It is not claimed that the Ancient and Accepted Scot-
tish Kite is of extreme antiquity, yet the frosts of time
decorate its brow.
Although in a detached form, doubtless some of the
degrees had their origin as early as the fourteenth cen-
tury ; yet the Rite, as such, germinated in the latter part
of the seventeenth century, and took its distinctive char-
acter in the beginning of the eighteenth century.
The late Giles Fonda Yates, a member of the British
Archaeological Association, Grand Commander of the
Northern Supreme Council of the United States, gave
as the result of his research the following :
"The proofs are undeniable that the learning con-
tained in the "Sublime Degrees," was taught long pre-
vious to the last century â€” our M.\ P.\ Brother Dalcho
(Rev. Doctor) thinks shortly after the first Crusade. In
Prussia, France, and Scotland the principal degrees of
our lilt*, appeared in an organized form in 1713. ThÂ«
unfortunate Lord Derwentwater and his associate Eng-
lish brethren were working in Lodges of Harodiin, in
1725, in Paris, when the Grand Lodge of England
transmitted to France the Ancient York Constitutions.
Many Scotch brethren (adherents of the Pretender,
James Stuart) being in France about this time, also cul-
tivated some of the high decrees of our rite."
The opponents of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite,
such as Findel, and others, assert that the Rite took its
origin about the year 1740, from Michael Andrew Ram-
say, a native of Scotland, generally known as the
" Chevalier Ramsay," who was born at Ayr in 1686, and
died in St. Germain-en-laye, in France, in 1743 ; that
from the time of the banishment of the Stuarts from
England in 1688, secret alliances had been kept up be-
tween Rome and Scotland, the Pretender Stuart having
retired in 1719 to Rome; that as these communications
became more intimate, the hopes of the Pretender in-
creased ; that Ramsay attempted to corrupt the loy-
alty and fealty of Freemasonry in the Grand Lodge of
Scotland, founded in 1736, and being unable so to do,
conceived the scheme of assembling and more fully band-
ing together, the faithful adherents of the banished
royal family in the higher grades, and thus filling their
private coifers ; that the Masonic Lodges of France
were composed of Scotch conspirators and accompliceÂ§
of the Jesuits, who had sunk so low they were ready
to seize on the abundance of display and effect which
Wore presented ; not knowing that the " Masonic titles
in our ' Inner East,' like the jewels on our breasts, are
not cherished and worn by us for show or aggrandize-
ment, but that they are suggestive of holy truths and
Tiiory, in the Acta Latamorum, says that "Robert
Bruce, King of Scotland, under the title of Robert I.,
created the order of St. Andrew of Chardon, after the
battle of Bannockburn, which was fought June 24th,
1314. To this order was afterward united that of Here-
don, for the sake of the Scotch Masons, who formed a
part of the thirty thousand troops with whom he had
fought an army of one hundred thousand Englishmen.
King Robert reserved the title of Grand Master to him-
self and his successors forever, and founded the Royal
Grand Lodge of Heredom at Kilwinning."
Dr. Oliver says " this Royal Order afterward confined
itself solely to the two degrees of Heredom and Rosy-
The following is perhaps the more reliable and prob-
able history of the origin of the degrees of the Ancient
Accepted Scottish Rite. At or about the period of the
Masonic revival and excitement in the early part of the
18th century, there was felt a desire for a deeper re-
search into the arcana of Freemasonry, and a thorough
examination of the esoteric doctrines of the Order. The
more anient and brilliant minds of Europe, determin-
ing to explore the Kabala, and enticed by so ennobling
a study, resolved to establish a superior grade of Ma-
onry, for the exck sive propagation of the Mysteries as
yet so little known to them, embracing the Historical,
Philosophical, and Chivalric.
With this purpose in view, attempts were made to
establish separate and distinct organizations, wherein
these sublime truths might be revealed and cultivated.
Nearly all these projects Avere ephemeral, and were
outlived by their projectors, while the " Rite of Perfec-
tion," the germ of the organization of the Ancient and
Accepted Scottish Kite â€” based upon the pure principles
of Mast**-:/ and the elucidation of the occult mysteries,
containing twenty-five degrees â€” gradually approached
Doubtless the course of the Chevalier Ramsay, in
1740, hastened the consummation of the systematizing
and embodvino: the decrees which had theretofore been
for many years detached and unlocated.
Some authorities assert that this Rite of Perfection as
an organization was founded in 1753, while others insist
that in 1758 certain Masons, styling themselves " Sover
eicrn Princes and Grand Officers of the Grand and Sover-
eiarn Lodo-e of St. John of Jerusalem," founded at Paris
a body called "The Council of Emperors of the East and
West." This Council has been ordinarily known as the
Rite of Perfection, and according to Thory, Ragon,
Leveque, Vidal, Ferandie, Clavel, and others, consisted
of twenty-five degrees: in 1759 it established a Coun-
cil of Princes of the Royal Secret at Bordeaux, and from
this period began to extend itself.
By the year 1761, the Lodges, Councils, Chapters, and
Consistories of the Rite had increased and extended
throughout the continent of Europe; on the 27th of
August of that year, Stephen Morin was commissioned
Inspector-General for the New World by the Grand
Consistory of Princes of the Royal Secret, convened at
Paris, under the presidency of Chaillon de Joinville,
Substitute General of the Order.
When Inspector-General Morin arrived in America,
in accordance with the powers vested by his patent, he
appointed Moses Michael Hays a Deputy Inspector
General, with the authority to appoint others.
Deputy Inspector Hays appointed Isaac Da Costa
Deputy Inspector-General for the State of South Caro-
lina. After the death of Deputy Inspector-General Da
Costa, Joseph Myers was appointed his successor.
On the 25th October, 1762, the Grand Masonic Con-
stitutions were finally ratified in Berlin, Prussia, and
proclaimed throughout the world for the government of
all Lodges, Councils, Chapters, Colleges, and Consis-
tories of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite over
the surface of the two hemispheres. In the same year
they were transmitted to Inspector-General Stephen
Morin, who accepted them.
Deputy Inspector-General Hays appointed Solomon
Bush Deputy Inspector-General for Pennsylvania, and
Barend M. Spitzer for Georgia, which appointments
were confirmed by a Council of Inspectors, convened in
Philadelphia, on 15th June, 1781.
On the 1st of May, 1780, the Constitutions of the
Supreme Council of Sovereign Grand Inspectors General
of the thirty-third and last degree, were alleged to havÂ«
been granted at Berlin, Prussia.
No Supreme Councils of Sovereign Grand Inspectors-
General were established anywhere in the world till
after this date ; previously, Deputy Inspectors-General
were charged with the powers and duties now vested in
such Supreme Councils and the grand bodies under
them. In the new constitution this high power was
conferred on a Supreme Council of nine brethren in each
nation, who possessed all the Masonic prerogatives in
their own district, while two Supreme Councils were
provided for in the United States of America with equal
powers in their respective jurisdictions.
The first Supreme Council ever established under the
new constitution of 1786, was that at Charleston, whose
jurisdiction extended, constitutionally, over the whole
of the United States, until they constituted the North-
ern Supreme Council. Then the Northern and Southern
Jurisdictions were geographically defined.
On the 31st of May, 1801, the Supreme Council of the
thirty-third degree for the Southern Jurisdiction of the
United States of America, was opened with the high
honors of Masonry, by Brothers John Mitchell and Fred-
erick Dalcho, Sovereign Grand Inspectors-General ; and
in the course of the year the whole number of Grand
Inspectors-General was completed agreeably to the
Grand Constitutions. The other members of this Coun-
cil were Emanuel De La Motta, Dr. J. Auld, Dr. Jamei
Moulirie, Abraham Alexander, M. C. Liyy, Thomas \i.
Bowen, and J. De Liebau.
The Supreme Council for the Northern Jurisdiction
of the United States, happily progressing as it is
at this time, requires no special historic mention in
detail. Space would not permit an examination of the
trials of the Rite and the various questions that have
arisen, all which are now harmoniously adjusted. It is
sufficient for the purpose of this brief history to say,
that in every respect it has realized all that the earliest
founders of the Rite could have hoped for, and its pres-
ent supporters desire.
On the 20th of December, 1767, Deputy Inspector-
General Francken, appointed by Morin, opened and
duly constituted a Grand Lodge of Perfection in Albany,
State of New York, which is still actively at work.
In 1783, Deputy Inspector-General Hays established
a Sublime Grand Lodge of Perfection in Charleston,
South Carolina. On the 20th of February, 1788, a Grand
Council of Princes of Jerusalem was opened in Charleston
by Myers, Spitzer, and A. Forst, Deputy Inspector-Gen-
eral for Virginia.
In the year i797, a chapter of Rose-Croix De H.\ R.\
D.\ M.\ Knight of the Eagle and Pelican, was instituted
in the City of New York. In this year, King Solomon's
Lodge of Perfection, at Holmes Hole, Martha's Vineyard,
which had been established since 1783 by M. M. Hays and
Peleg Clark, surrendered its jurisdiction over the threa
symbolic degrees to the Grand Lodge :>f Massachusetts,
In 1802 warrants of constitution were issued for the
opening of Sublime Lodges of Perfection in Savannah,
Georgia, and many other parts of the United States.
About 1806-7, Consistories of Valiant and Sublime
Princes of the Royal Secret were organized in the City
of New York, and remained so until the formation of
the Supreme Council for the Northern Jurisdiction ol
the United States.
Attention is again called to the year 1795, when
Colonel John Mitchell was appointed by Spitzer a
Deputy Inspector-General, in the place of Myers, who
had removed ; but he was restricted from acting until
after Myers' death, which took place in the following
After the French Revolution of 1793, the mass of
the people became atheists, and with them the great
body of Masons ; the Bible, as a general thing, was
committed to the flames, and .sublime Freemasonry fell
into disuse ; it was not until after the establishment
of the Supreme Council at Charleston, in 1801, that the
sublime system was revived in France, by the establish-
ment of a Supreme Council at Paris, in 1804, by Count
De Grasse, Grand Inspector-General, under authority
from the Charleston Council. The Pai'is Supreme
Council still exists.
The Grand Orient of France, which before this held an
existence only as a " Symbolic Grand Lodge of Master
Masons," immediately commenced her assumed juris-
diction over all the decrees of the Ancient and Ao
Accepted Scottish Rite; hence a question, which to thii
day remains in abeyance.
In 1825 a special grant to Brothers Fowler, Bryant,
and McGill was issued by the Supreme Council for the
Southern Jurisdiction, for the establishment of a Su-
preme Council, thirty-third degree, in Dublin, Ireland.
Thus from time to time Supreme Councils have been
established in almost every nation of the globe.
The following are extracts from the published report
of the Southern Supreme Council, on the 4th day of
December, 1802 :
"On the 21st of January, 1802, a warrant of Consti-
tution passed the seal of the Grand Council of Princes
of Jerusalem, for the establishment of a Master Mark
Mason's Lodge, in the City of Charleston, South Caro-
lina." " Besides those degrees which are in regular
succession, most of the Inspectors are in possession of a
number of detached degrees, given in different parts of
the world ; and which they generally communicate, free
of expense, to those brethren who are high enough to
understand them, such as ' Select Masons of twenty-
seven, and the Royal Arch as given under the Consti-
tution of Dublin, six degrees of Maconnerie d' Adoption,
Compagnon Ecossais, le Maitre Ecossais, and le Grand
Maitre Ecossais,' etc., etc., making in the aggregate
As to the Mark and Past Master's degrees, all author-
ity over them was surrendered to the Royal Arch Chap-
ters, at that time springing into existence.
The Royal and Select Masters' Degrees were side 01
detached degrees of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish
Rite. In the Southern States of the Union, the Supreme
Council initiated, chartered, and fostered Councils of
Royal and Select Masters ; and as rapidly as they were
eelf-sustaining, they became independent.
In this wise the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite has
gradually thrown aside the detached degrees, and rarely
confers any, except the grades designated in the regular
series. The Rite is in amity with Symbolic Grand
Lodges, Grand Chapters, Councils of Royal and Select
Masters, and Grand Commanderies,â€” recognizing no
other bodies claiming to be Masonic.
Supreme Councils are the governing power over
all Masonry in many nations. A Synoptical History
of all the Supreme Councils that have ever existed,
wth the mode of formation in chronological order,
by the Author of this volume, is published in the
Proceedings, Supreme Council, Northern Jurisdic-
tion, for 1881, pp. 123-150.
A Congress of the Representatives of eighteen Su-
preme Councils held at Lausanne, Switzerland, 22 d
September, 1875, recognized and proclaimed the Con-
stitutions and Statutes of May 1st, 1786, by whom-
soever written and promulgated, and promised to
maintain and defend with all their power, to preserve
and cause to be observed and respected, the territo-
rial jurisdiction of the 22 Supreme Councils named