Charles W. (Charles Whitlock) Moore.

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tion to a matter then pending before the
Lodge at that place. This we neglected to
give at the time, and the subject had passed
from our mind, when, a few days ago, in
looking after errors of omission, we acciden-
tally took up the communication in question.
It is now too late for the answer to be of any
avail, and we refer to the subject merely to
apologize for our carelessness. Our answer
would have been, expulsion— the facts stated
being proved.

O^The Hon. Robert P. Dunlap, of
Maine, was installed as Grand High Priest
of the General Grand Chapter of jhe United
Stales, in this city, on Tuesday, the 80th ult.
The ceremony was performed •$* Rev. Paul
Dean, within the Grand Chapter of this
Commonwealth, a special meeting of that
body having been called for the purpose.
The particulars will he given in our next.

Missouri Masonic Collide.— The "Lex-
ington Appeal" says—" The brick work of
the Masonic College in this place, is now
complete. Those who have visited it, ex-
press much satisfaction at the magnitude and
stately appearance of the building, and ele-
gance and taste displayed in the workman-
ship and material, the convenience of its ar-
rangements, and its adaptation to the pur-
pose fur which it is intended."

O-The Grand Chapter of Connecticut
held its annual convocation at New-Haven,
in Mny. The proceedings were chiefly of a
local character. M. E. Benoni A. Shepard
was elected G. H. P. 3 Wm. E. Sanford,

D. G. H. P.* George Geddings, G. K. ;
Theo. Spencer, G. S.; Benj. Beecher, G. T.;

E. G. Storer, G. Sec.

Books.— We have added to our supply of
Masonic Books t since last month, several
works of value. See advertisement.

$3rBr. W. H. Squires is our authorised
agent for the Magazine and Trestle-Board,
at London, Madison county, Ohio.

0*John Burton has been expelled from
the benefits of Masonry, by Paris Lodge, No.
I08,*at Paris, Tenn.



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\fc (GfcanB lotifle of Jttassacfiuftettft. \Af

Notice is hereby given, that the Annual Communication of the M. W. Grand Lodge of
Massachusetts, will be held at the Masonic Temple, Boston, on Wednesday, the 8th day
of December current, at 6| o'clock, P. M., for the transaction of sncb business as shall
regularly come before it.

The Officers and Members of the Grand Lodge, Masters, Wardens, and Proxies, of Lodges,
and ail others concerned will take due notice thereof and govern themselves accordingly.

Boston. Dec. 1, 1847. CHARLES W. MOORE, Grand Secretary.

~~~ . titfranir eijaptet of JHagftacfttiftettft* —

Notice is hereby given, that a Quarterly Communication of the M. E. G. R. A.
Cbapter of Massachusetts, will be held at the Masonic Temple, Boston, on Tues-
day, the 7th day of December inst., at 6£ o'clock, P. M. for the transaction of
snch business as shall regularly come before it.

Officers and Members of the Grand Chapter, Representatives and Proxies of Chap-
ters, and all others interested, will take due notice and govern themselves accord-
ingly. Per order G. H. P.

Boston, Dee. 1, 1847. THOMAS WATERMAN, G. Seo'y.

™ ~ EDWARD HENNESSY, ~

MANUFACTURER AWD DEALER IH

COTTAGE CHAIRS AND CHAMBER FURNITURE.

J*y>8. 31 and 93 Brattle Street,

ICyCHAMBER FURNITURE, made from the best seasoned stock, and painted in
the following styles—Beautiful China White, with Gold Ornaments ; Landscape Flowers ;
Scrolls; Plain line; Imitation of Black Walnut; Mahogany; Oak; Maple; Rose-wood,
and Bird's-eye Maple.

CHAIRS— of tbe following patterns: French Rush Seat Cottage ; Italian Rush Seat Cot-
tage; N. Y. Pattern; Mahogany, Black Walnut, and Maple Cane Seat Ann-Chairs ; Ital-
ian Cane Seat, Mahogany, Black Walnut and Maple Chairs; Common Cottage Chairs; half
size Cottage Chairs ; Cottage- top, Rocking, and Nurse Chairs; Oval-top, Common Cane
and Wood Seat Stools, of all kinds. •

Ladies' Tea Chairs ; Children's Cane and Flag Seat Chairs ; Hard Wood and Common
Office Chairs— all paiterns.

Gilt and Bronzed Iron Brackets, constantly on hand.

Particular attention paid to Boxing and Matting Furniture for shipping.

Oct. 1, 1847.

THOMAS C. SAVORY,
PAINTER,

No. 7 Haskin's Building, opposite the Head of Hanover Street,

QJ*Barnxrs, Araoirs, and every variety of painting for Lodges, Chapters, &c., exe-
cuted to order, with neatness and despatch.

DJ" A set of paintings in frames, for Blue Degrees, including a Master's Carpet, on
hand, and for sale. Prices reasonable. ly. Oct. 1, 1847.

MASONIC REGALIA,

OP EVERY STYLE AMD FINISH, FOR

Sucamnuunts, Chanters an* lLottneg,

MANUFACTURED BY

A. W. POLLARD, Merchant Tailor,

No. 6 Court Street,

BOSTON.



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NEW LIST*.



MASONIC BOOKS,

For sale by the Editor of this Magazine, 21 School Street,

BOSTON.



2 50

3 50
1 25
3 50
3 50



50
50
00
75



ENGLISH EDITIONS.

Historical Landmarks of Freemasonry, by Rev. George Oliver, D. D. 3d vol. 8vo.
with plates, 750 pages, £6 75

Stray Leaves from a Freemason's Note Book, . . . 2 25

Golden Remains of the Early Masonic Writers, to be completed in 5 vols.
Edited by Dr. Oliver. Two volumes have been received. Price per vol.
Oliver's History of Initiation, 8vo. . . . .

" " of Freemasonry in England, from 1629 to 1641, 12 mo.

" Antiquities of Freemasonry, 8vo. .

" Signs and Symbols,

" Masonic Institutes,

" " Principles,

'* Schismac, of R. A. Degree, (Sewed,)

" Insignia of «' " •'

*» Preston's Illustrations, with additions and notes, and history of
Masonry in England, continued to 1841, ...

** Ashe'B Masonic Manual .....

" Hutchinson's Spirit of Masonry, .....

Pool's Sermons, ........

Biographical Memoir of Hon. Mrs. Aid worth, the Female Freemason, (sheet,)
Brief Historyof the Witham Lodge (Eng.) ....

Sermon, by Br. T. T. Haverfield,

Percy's three Masonic Sermons (bound,) .....
Dakeyne's Masonic Sermon, *.....

Gryils' " " ......

PORTRAITS OF CELEBRATED FREEMASONS.

Hon. Mrs. Aldworth, in Masonic costume, splendid aquatint,
George IV., in Masonic costume, (original cost .$10,)



Earl of Moira, splendid, (original cost $8,)
Rev. George Oliver, D. D. (plain,)
" " " India paper,

" " u in Masonic costume,

Late Richard Smith, D. P. G, M.for Bristol,



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CONTENTS.

Effects of Irregular Proceedings in Initiations, - . 16i

The Rotal Master's Degree, - .... 163

Ballot^g for Candidates, - ..... 164

Letter from our Paris Correspondent, ..... 166

Masonry in Canada West, ' - - - 168

Supreme Grand Council 33d, ...... 159

Masonry in Worcester, Mass., - .-.. 170

The G. Lodge of Louisiana and Ancient York Masonry, - 170

Faith, Hope and Charity, ...... 175

Proceedings of the Gen. G. Encampment at Columbus, in Sept. 1847, - 176

Correspondence, • • 179

Masonic Intelligence.

North Carolina, ' • - - - . . . 182

Vermont, ....... . 185

Obiti/ary, ........ . ]g8

Register of Officers, - ... . 191

Chit Chat, - - ...... 192

HASKELL & CHAPMAN,

Sffla<B(91£lA\Xro <&A\a&<D!B8fi

manufacturers or

MASONIC ANO OTHER REGALIA

No. 14 Tremont Bow, (under Winthrop Hall,)

W. E. P. Haskell,

A. P. Chapman. oct. 1846.lv.

__ LETTERS ——

Received beheeen the 214 Feb. and the 25ft March.

Remittance.— C S. Ramsay, Indianapolis, la. ; Joseph Carlton, Richmond, Va. : John
H. McComhs, Ashland, O. ; K. Turner, New Haven, Ct. ; James Beatty, Conwayboro',
S. C 5 H. N. Church, Detroit, Mich. 5 Fred. Stewart, Mobile, Ala.; Sam'! J. Hull, Charles-
ton, S. C. ; Levi Hurlbutt, Richland, Miss ; C. D. W. Johnson, Boonville, Mo. 5 Edward
Parker, Vickshurg, Miss. ; W G. J. Hunter, Mt. Pleasant, Tenn. ; J. O. Skinner, Lebanon p
N. H.; Wm. Taylor, Fayette, Mo.; H. J Rogers, Pittsburg, Pa.j W. H. Haugh, Union
Springs, Ala. ; G. W. Culver, Plattsburg, Mo. ; W. W. Prink water, Decatur. Miss. ; A. O.
Norris, Anderson C. H., S. C. ; Wilkins Smith, Uchee, Ala. ; Gregg, Elliott & Co., Phila-
delphia, Pa. ; John B. Shropshire, Yazoo City, Miss.

Business.— J. E. Shropshire, Yazoo City, Miss. : A. S. Ruthven, Houston, Texas 5 S.
J. Hull, Charleston, S. C. j John Adams. Church Hill, Ala. ; R. Morris & Co., Mt. Sylvan,
Miss, j A. Shirley, Portland, Me. ; David N. Burrows, Jackson, Miss.; J. R. Sommerville,
Benton, Ala. ; W. W. Wilson, Pittsburg, Penn. ; J. A. French, East Bennington, Vt.; Wm,
Stephenson, Peterhoro', N. H. ; Jos. T. Greene, Pawtucket, R. I. ; W. L. Roddey, Forsyth,
Ga.; J. H. Bird, Chicago, 111.; J. S. Pennington, Neosho, Mo. ; Thomas B Carroll, Hele-
na, Ark. ; H. B. Hovey, Augusta, Me. 5 L. Adams, Level, Ohio; W. Dickinson, Chardon,
Ohioj John K. Wright, Reading, Pa. ; T. S. Parvin, Bloomiagton, Iowa ; L. P. Crane,
Shre report. La.; A. O. Norris, Anderson, C. H., S. C. j Alfred Creigh, Washington, Pa. j
J. H. Crocker, New Bedford, Mass. j Samuel Millikan, Washington, Ohio; Wm. Gnnn,
Lachine, Canada ; W. A. Mane ham, Zebulon, Ga. ; Richard Spencer, London. Eng.; A.
Donnaud, New Orleans, La. \ H. Earl, Worcester. Mass. i J. R. Wells, St. Louis, Mo.; J.
H. Britton, Troy, Mo. ; L. B. Keith, New Bedford, Mass. ; Wm. H. Stevens, Grenada, Miss.

rVMr Israel E. James is our travelling agent for the Southern and South-western
States, assisted by James K. Whipple, Wm. H. Weld, O. H. P. Stem, John B. Weld, T. S.
Waterman, John Collins, James Peering, Isaac D. Guyer, and R S. James.

Mr C. W. Jambs is our travelling agent for the Western States, assisted by James EL
Smith, J. T. Dent, T. G. Smith, Fred'k J. Hawse, John W. Armstrong, Jasen Taylor, E. M.
Stevenson, and W. Ramsey.

Mr Henby M. Lewis is our travelling agent for Alabama and Tennessee.



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THE

FREEMASONS'
MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

Vol. VII.1 BOSTON, APRIL 1, 184a [No. &

EFFECTS OF IRREGULAR PROCEEDINGS IN
INITIATIONS.

Bho. Moore, — Before you can arrive at correct answers to the following in-
terrogatories, it may be proper to state that A. is a Lodge assumed to be working
under a Charter from the G. Lodge of Alabama. As a necessary preliminary to
this, its By-La wa must have been examined and approved by said G. Lodge, and
are therefore Masonic, and binding upon all its members. One of the articles of
these By-Laws says : " JVb ballot shall be taken upon any petition, except at a Reg'
vlar Communication^ . And, in another place, " JVb petition shall be received from
a rtjerted candidate, for six months thereafter? We will now suppose that at a
Regular Communication of A. Lodge, B. petitions for the E. A. degree, and in
three successive ballots is rejected by a very small vote. The Lodge is then duly
closed till the next Regular Communication, (one month,) unless some case of
emergency may require a special meeting, which can be held, " Provided," as
the By-Laws say, " that notice be served on every member, so far as practicable,
rf the time and objects of said meeting." It so happened that a visiting Brother,
Jeservedly eminent for his Masonic lore, and the facility and clearness with which
he imparts his information to others, was present at this Regular Communication.
After the Lodge bad closed, several Brethren requested this well informed Broth-
er to meet them at the Hall after supper, in an informal way, and give them a
lecture on the several degrees of Ancient Craft Masonry. To this he consented,
and the Brethren present were invited to attend. After supper, all the members
who had attended the Regular Communication, except three, assembled for the
purpose of receiving a Masonic lecture from the aforesaid Brother, when, to the
surprise of a portion of them at least, it was proposed to have a called meeting
for the avowed object of reconsidering the rejection of the above mentioned can-
didate B., and, if possible, of conferring the degree on him that ni^ht The S.
W n the highest officer present, was unwilling to take the responsibility of calling
a meeting for that purpose, and the W. M. was sent for, who, after long entrea-
ties, and for reasons not proper to be mentioned here, yielded to the solicitations
of B.'s friends, and opened a Lodge of M. M. A motion was then made to recon-
sider the rejection of B., the mover not professing to have been one of the rejecting
party at the Regular Communication.

We will now suppose, that the W. M., after using every argument in his pow-
er against the resolution, leaves the whole matter to the Lodge, and the motion
prevails. A fresh ballot is ordered, which proves dear, and B. is forthwith initia-
ted. It should also be mentioned, that no notice of this called meeting was served
upon any of the absent members, though some of them resided within a very
short distance from the Hall.
21



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162 EFFECTB OF IRREGULAR PROCEEDINGS II? INITIATIONS.

We will also suppose that the only excuse offered for this proceeding was the
presence of an officer of the G. Lodge, viz. : a Grand Chaplain,— for, by a reso-
lution of the G. Lodge, the presence of any of the Grand Officers, to exemplify
the work, will sustain the plea of emergency.

With these suppositions, assumed by way of elucidation, in behalf of many
zealous Masons, by whom a direct answer will be considered a favor, I respect-
fully propound the following Questions :

1. Was B. legally initiated, and is be a legitimate E. A. Meson?

2. If he was legally initiated, what would constitute an illegal initiation ?

3. If he was not legally initiated, and is not a legitimate E. A. Mason, how can
he be made one ?

4. Can he, though entirely innocent, (for he was not behind the curtain,) pro-
ceed to take the P. C. degree legally, without being first formally healed ?

5. Is the rejecter of B. at the Regular Communication, bound to consider him
as a genuine Mason ? A Supports a or the Ancient Lardmaaks.

Benton, jUo., Feb. 15, 1848.

Our answers to the above interrogatories will not probably correspond,
in all respects, witli the views entertained by our intelligent and respected
correspondent We are not, however, disposed to believe that they will
be any the less acceptable to him on that account

In the first place, then, the proceedings had " after supper," were all
wrong and irregular. The regular meeting, for which the Lodge was no-
tified, had been held, — the Lodge had been opened and closed, and the
Master and some other members had retired. All business proper to be
transacted on that evening, had then been disposed of. A special meeting
could be convened only in the manner provided by the By-Laws ; that is,
by serving a notice on " every member, so far as practicable, of the time
and object of the meeting." This was not done ; nor could it in our
opinion, have been legally done on that evening. Time did not admit of
it. It is not competent for an indefinite number of members who happen
to be convened together, to resolve to hold an emergent meeting and
forthwith open the Lodge — not even though a Grand Officer be present
Such a power, invested in a Lodge, would be exceedingly dangerous, and
could hardly fail to produce mischievous results. We hope never to see
it introduced into Masonry. Emergent meetings should be called in the
usual way, and the object stated on the notifications to the members ; and
for this purpose time enough should be taken. The presence of a Grand
Officer cannot excuse any irregularity in the proceedings of a Lodge. If
he desire an emergent meeting, it is his duty to give the Master timely
notice, or the Master will not be blameable if he decline to call it.

With these preliminary remarks, we proceed to answer, very briefly,
the inquiries of our correspondent, in the order in which they are pro-
posed :

1. B. was legally initiated, and is a legitimate E. A. Mason. He was
initiated in a regularly constituted Lodge, working under a Constitutional
Charter, and by a duly installed Master. The irregularity of the proceed-



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THE 10YAL MASTER'S DEORKB. 163

ings cannot affect him. So far as be is concerned, all was regular. On
his part there was no fault, and he cannot be punished for the faults of
the Lodge.

2. Initiation in a clandestine Lodge, or a Lodge not recognized by the
Grand Lodge of the State ; or by Masons not authorized to assemble as a
Lodge ; would constitute " illegal initiation."

3. If he were not " legally initiated," nor a " legitimate E. A. Mason,"
he could be made one only in the usual way ; or, under certain circumstan-
ces, by healing.

4. The manner of his initiation constitutes no hindrance to his receiv-
ing the F. C. degree ; though the same cause which at first produced his
rejection, might be sufficient cause for his rejection on the se ond degree.
This will not hold, however, as a general rule, but we think it will in the
present case ; because, if we conceive the matter rightly, the parties ob-
jecting, were not present at his admission, and the objection was not re-
moved. If, therefore, it were sufficient, if allowed to have its full weight,
to debar him from admission to the first degree, it is sufficient, and may
be urged, to prevent his advancing further.

6. The " rejecter* is bound to consider him as «*a genuine Mason,"
until he can effect his expulsion by his own Lodge or by the Grand Lodge ;
and for the reasons given in the answer to the first inquiry.

We can easily imagine the feelings of our correspondent and the other
members of the Lodge whose opinions in this matter are coincident with
his own, and the repugnance which they may naturally feel at being com-
pelled to receive as a Brother one whom they do not esteem to be worthy,
and who has been improperly forced upon them. They are not, however,
without their remedy, if the objections be strong enough to justify expul-
sion. If not, the matter must rest where it is, at least so far as concerns
the initiate.



THE ROYAL MASTER'S DEGREE.

Erie, Oreen C:,Jla., Feb. 5tt, 184a
Coup. C. W. Moore, — Being desirous of correct information on the following
questions, your opinion on the same will be duly appreciated.

1st Have any of the G. Chapters of the United States the power to authorize
the degree of Royal Master to be conferred in the subordinate Chapters as an
honorary degree ?

2d. uan a Companion who has received the degree of a Royal Master, as an
honorary degree, claim tbe rights and benefits of that degree of a regularly con-
stituted Council ? Yours, fraternally, Timothy Thorp.

The General Grand Chapter, at its triennial session in 1844, on the re-
port of a committee who had had the matter under consideration, adopted



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164 BALLOTING FOR CANDIDATES.

the following resolution in relation to the conferring of the Royal and Se-
lect Masters' degrees in Chapters :

u Resolved, That authority be and is hereby granted to the several Grand Chap-
ters under the jurisdiction of the General Grand Chapter, to make such arrange-
ments as shall be found necessary for conferring the degrees of Royal and Select
Masters in Royal Arch Chapters under its [their] jurisdiction. Provided always,
that no Grand Chapter within the limits of which is a Grand Council, shall au-
thorize the Royal Arch Chapters under its jurisdiction to confer such degrees
without the consent of such Grand Councils."

This is all the authority the Chapters have in the premises. The Royal
Master's degree is not now conferred as an honorary degree. It has been
legitimatized, and is recognized by the General Grand Chapter, and all
other bodies claiming jurisdiction over it, as a regular and constitutional
Masonic degree ; and it can be lawfully conferred in no other manner
than as other regular Masonic degrees are conferred. If conferred in a
Chapter, it is subject to the same regulations that govern the conferring of
the other degrees, which are more immediately appendant to the Royal
Arch degree. A Companion being in legal possession of the degree, is
entitled to all the privileges belonging to it.



BALLOTING FOR CANDIDATES.

Wooster, O., Feb. % 1848.
Bro. C. W. Moore, Esq.— Dear Sir ;— I seat myself to address you upon a sub-
ject, for information, — not for myself alone, but for the good of the Craft. We
look to your Magazine as the great light in the East. I therefore take the liberty
to address you.

To the subject After the ballot-box passes, and the candidate is rejected, or
black-balled, can the vote be reconsidered ; or, can the petition be withdrawn ?
I sincerely hope you will give us your answers soon as possible.

I am, dear Brother, yours fraternally, A. Bartol.

We do not understand that a motion to reconsider a ballot on the appli-
cation of a candidate for the degrees would, under any circumstances, be
admissible, by any known Masonic law or established usage. The most
correct process, as we understand it, is this : A candidate applies in writ-
ing for the degrees ;— his application is read in open Lodge, and usually
referred to a committee, for investigation.* At the ensuing meeting of
the Lodge, the committee make their report, — the ballot is ordered, and
the candidate is admitted or rejected. In ordinary cases, this is the end
of the matter. But there are exceptions. One of these is, when one
black ball is found in the box. In this case, the Master usually orders a
second ballot, with a view to ascertain that a mistake has not been com-

♦Sometimes the appointment of a special committee is omitted ; in which cats the mem-
bers generally are expected to make ihe necessary inquiries ; but the former is the belt**
course. What is everybody's business is never attended to.



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BALLOTING FOR CANDIDATES. 165

mitted. If ou the second ballot, the black ball still remains, the balloting
is at an end, and the candidate is rejected. The record must be so made
up. There is no such thing as reconsideration. The candidate can be
brought again before the Lodge only by a new proposition. His friends
cannot avert the consequences of the ballot by withdrawing his petition
after the result is made known.* The petition belongs to the Lodge, but
the fact of its rejection belongs to the Grand Lodge, and the benefit of it
to the Fraternity at large. We wish not to be misunderstood here. We
do not approve of the publication of rejections. It is enough that they are
privately communicated to the Grand Lodge, and by the Grand Secretary
to the Lodges in the State. Lodges out of the State possess the inherent
means of ascertaining the fact, if they should ever have occasion to know
it

Another exception to the general rule of proceeding in balloting for can-
didates is, that when two Mack balls are cast, a second ballot may be or-
dered, on the declaration of a member that he has made a mistake in de-
positing his ballot ; and it is sometimes allowed even on the suggestion of
the friends of the candidate, that a mistake may possibly have been com-
mitted. The second balloting, however, settles the question, and the can-
didate is either admitted or rejected, without the right to a motion for re*
consideration, or to withdraw his petition.

Another correspondent addresses us upon this subject, as follows :

Palmyra, Jlfe., Feb. 1, 1848.
Bro. Moors,— Please inform me or the Fraternity what course should be pur-
sued in the case of a Brother who has been duly initiated as an Entered Appren-
tice and proposed for the F. C. degree, balloted for and found worthy, — but sub*
spquently his conduct is unworthy a Mason, and he does not appear to avail
himself of the ballot for F. C. degree, and nearly two years have elapsed since
that ballot. Is it the proper course to reconsider that ballot ? I have thought it
the proper course to reconsider, but would like to be enlightened*

Truly yours, Gasuvuxc Fuht.

The ballot for the second degree is null and void, the candidate not hav-
ing come forward in due season to avail himself of it. The rule as to
time in such cases, is not very definitely settled. We think it should
never exceed three months, and then a satisfactory reason for the delay
should be required. In the present case, the candidate having been found
unworthy, could not at any time avail himself of the ballot, though there
were no other restriction. On the contrary, it is a question for the Lodge
to consider whether it is not its duty to investigate the imputations resting
upon his character, and to deal with him as the result may warrant.


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