Charles W. (Charles Whitlock) Moore.

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shine even to the remotest corners of the earth.

Thy unprofitable followers shall be cut off as cumberers of the ground, and
others more trustworthy and pure-minded shall take their places, to spread thy
glorious truths and exemplify thy moral beauties. Thy course must be upward
and onward ! Thy enlightening and refining spirit must and will pervade and
beautify the hearts of thousands now grovelling in darkness and superstition. At
thy shrine all may bow except the atheist : he must stand aside. He cannot enter
thy sacred portals. There, the high and the low, the rich and the poor, stand on
one wide platform. There, Christian, Jew and Mahomedan may congregate, and
say to each other, Thou art my brother.

Within thy bosom, oh Masonry ! thou bearest a key — a master key — that shall
eventually open the casket of truth ! that shall establish the divinity of the
Messiah I that shall carry conviction to the hearts of many who will not place
themselves within reach of our holy religion, whose elder sister thou art. And as
such methink8 it is thy province to restore those who crucified their Lord ! They
may search deeply into thy hidden mysteries— they may even enter thy sacred
Royal Arch and Holy of Holies, without a knowledge of that truth upon which
rests all hopes of eternal happiness : but beyond this, they may not far explore
until the bright effulgence of gospel light shall reveal the true Messiah—the Rab-
borri of Jew and Gentile — the immaculate Son of God — the man of sorrows — the
meek and lowly Nazarene — the Prince of Peace. Thy great antiquity, thy an-
cient institutions, thy rites and ceremonies, so intimately connected with his own
beloved nation, will lure the Israelite to the base of the Triangle, beyond which
he need not far penetrate before the pearl of great price, the inestimable gem of
salvation, bursts upon his astonished sight, and in the rapture of awakened hope,
he exclaims, "My Lord and my God !"

Oh ! why do not Christian Masons awake, when so extended a field lies open
before them — when within themselves they have such formidable weapons!
when before them lies so glorious a prize ? Into his own hands will Jehovah take
the cause, unless man better performs his part Yes ! let Masonry plant her
standard on every shore, and let her members exemplify her beautiful teachings
by their daily conduct, encouraging the weak and erring; soothing and cheering
the sorrowing and afflicted, instructing the ignorant, and carrying comfort to
the hearts of all within their reach, and there is then no fear for her. Then, in-
deed, shall nations rise up and call her blessed : then shall the u wings of the
cherubim" constantly overshadow her. Why is it that so many appear interested
in thee, and yet remain so heartless, when thy cause is so truly noble and grand !
the study of thy sublime and holy mysteries so replete with interest and so well
calculated to soften and beautify human nature ? Oh ! may the power of the
Highest rest upon thy teachers : May thy officers be endowed with heavenly wis-
dom : May the mat Grand Master of heaven preside over thy assemblies, and
direct their deliberations ! May be touch their hearts with a self-sacrificing and
self-forgetting generosity, and may the blessings of the poor and needy, of the
indigent orphan, of the ignorant heathen, of the prejudiced Israelite, rise aa sweet
incense before the Eternal Throne !



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CELEBRATIONS OP ST. JOHIf's DAT. 21

CELEBRATIONS OF ST. JOHN'S DAY.

AT GOSHEN, INDIANA.

Goshen Lodge, No. 12, assisted by numerous Brethren from the surrounding'
country, observed the 24th of June last, in a manner highly interesting to the Fra-
ternity and appropriate to the occasion.

The Masonic body in full regalia, preceded by a band of music, and forming
the escort to a large procession of ladies and gentlemen, formed at 11 o'clock,
A. M., under the direction of Br. James H. Barus, Marshal, and proceeded to an
adjacent grove, beneath whose shade the following exercises were had.

After the prayer, by Rev. Br. Andrew Henkel, the following Ode, composed for
the occasion by Br. K W. H. Ellis, was sung by the choir :

Music— "Flow gently sweet Afton."
How drear were this world bat for friends we bold dear —
How cold all its joys but for sympathy's tear —
Oh ! ihe raptures of heaven and earth seem to blend,
When Brother meets Brother, and friend meets with friend.
Oh ! then throbs the heart with emotions of joy,
We drink in a foretaste of pleasures on high ;
The sunshine of gladness pours full on the soul.
And Love lends its beams to illumine the whole !

When darkened with sorrow and shrouded with gloom,
A light shines from heaven each heart to illume :
Blest Charity soothes all the cares of the breast,
And Hope points us on to the lsnd of the blest.
Oh I then when we soar to that region of Light,
Where Faith, Hope and Charity fondly unite,
We '11 join in an anthem of rapturous love,
Before the Grand Master who ruleih above.

Br. E. Brown, Master of Ceremonies, then presented to Br. Jonathan Brown, of
Niles, Mich., the following officers elect for installation : E. W. H. Ellis, W.M.,
E. 6. Chamberlain, S. W. ; L. B. Parmalee, J. W. ; Washington Earle, Sec'ry ;
Azel Skinner, Treas.; Philip M. Henkel, S. D. ; John Derlan, J. D. ; P. Ross and
Paul Henkel, Stewards ; Azariah Julian, Tyler — who were severally charged and
invested with the jewels and implements of office.

An impressive and truly Masonic oration was pronounced by the Rev. Br. 6. B.
Engle, which was listened to with the deepest interest and attention by all pres-
ent

The exercises at the grove were characterized by the good order and fidelity
of the Craft, enlivened by strains of music, the approving smiles of the fair and
the beauty of the forest scene, and closed by a benediction pronounced by Br.
P. A. Reed.

The procession again formed and proceeded to* the table, where an excellent
dinner was in readiness, prepared by the ladies composing the Methodist Sewing
Society, at which some 250 persons sat down, and after doing ample justice to
the rich repast, the Fraternity returned to their Hall and the Lodge closed in har-
mony.

Thus ended the first festival day enjoyed by this Lodge since its organization.
Amid the massive columns of nature's temple, and beneath the arching canopy of
green, the Brethren worshipped the Great Architect. No tt man from Tyre" was
there to lift up his hand against his fellow and mar the beauty of the work, but
all " met on the level and parted on the square." " Thus may they ever meet and
part n



AT ROCKVILLE, IND.

RockvOle, la., Sept 6, 1847.
R. W. Br. Moore :— * * * The last anniversary of St John the Baptist
was appropriately observed in this place, by Parke Lodge, No. 8, together with a



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22 REMARKS ON THE SYMBOLICAL NATURE OF JEWELS.

number of visiting: Brethren from neighboring Lodges. The Brethren assembled
in their Lodge Hall, at half-past 9 o'clock, A. M ., where they were all clothed
with their proper regalia. At 10 o'clock, they were formed in order of procession,
in a spacious room adjoining the Lodge, and moved to the M. E. Church, preced-
ed by the Clionian Band, Br. Gen. G. K. Steele acting as Marshal of the day, and
Br. Gen. A. M. Houston, and Br. D. S. Donaldson, of Terrahaute Lodge, assistant
Marshals. After an appropriate prayer by the Chaplain, Br. D. M. French, the
following officers were severally publicly installed into their respective offices for
the ensuing months, by R. W. Br. James S. Freeman, of Terrahaute, J. G. W. of
the G. Lodge of Indiana, Br. Harvy Skelton, P. M. of Vermillion Lodge, acting
as Master of Ceremonies, viz : — Austin M. Pratt, W. M.; SamM Stouse, S. W.;
Jeptha Garrignes, J. W. ; R. P. Alexander, Treas. ; Allean Poleet, Sec; J. Jones,
S. D. ; J. Baker, J. D. ; James Myers, S. S. ; J. M. Creekparm, J. S. ; Charlton
Britton, Tyler.

After the ceremonies of installation were concluded, Hon. Ex-Gov. Br. David
Wallace, of Indianapolis, delivered an appropriate address, which for chastity jof
style, boldness of figure, and elegance of dress, not only did high honor to the
orator and the occasion, but has rarely if ever been excelled on any occasion by
any other orator of the West The Chaplain then pronounced the benediction,
after which the procession formed, being considerably augmented by many of the
wives and daughters of the Fraternity, together with a number of ladies of invited
guests, ancTmoved to the American House, where our worthy host and hostess,
D. C. Meddle and lady, had spread a most sumptuous repast, of which all partook
with appropriate order and good feeling, after which the Brethren returned to the
Lodge, passed some appropriate resolutions on the occasion, and closed in peace
and harmony.

Parke Lodge is regularly increasing in numerical strength and prosperity. It
was organized in 1844, with eleven members; we now number fortyfive resident
members. Yours, fraternally, Peter Q. Strtker.



REMARKS ON THE SYMBOLICAL NATURE OF

JEWELS.

BT MRS. COLONEL HART ANNA HARTLEY.

As Freemasonry has the pious honor and glory of first commencing the pre-
dicted Milennium by perfecting peace, good wUl, and brotherly love upon earth, so
the Fraternity in their joint Fellowship allegorically continued the true hudjinU
precious jewel that shone in the Urim and Thummim, whose dictates were inva-
riably followed by the Israelites before the veil of the covenant was lifted to the
eyes of humanity.

Some eastern writers affirm that there were two precious stones added to the
other twelve, by the extraordinary lustre of which God marked his approbation of
a design, and by their dimness his disallowance of it Others, that the name of
Jehovah was inscribed upon a plate of gold and therein fixed. Some, that the
letters of the names of the tribes upon the Urim and Thummim were ailegori-
cally styled jewels, and that the letters standing out, or by extraordinary illumi-
nation, marked such words as contained the answer of God to those who con-
sulted this oracle.

However various their opinions, it is certain that the Urim and Thummim was
pure in the sight of the Almighty, and paramount over all things, until the arri-
val of the jewel of jewels and perfection of precious stones, when the holy breast-
plate was condensed into one glorious light from Bethlehem, and afterwards con-
tinued by the twelve Apostles, who handed down to the world the Word of God,
which was the true seal oj the wisest King. God's spirit in Hebrew is called a



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REMARKS ON THE SYMBOLICAL NATURE OF JEWELS. 23

seal, because by the gracious inhabitation and influence thereof, men are marked
oat for God's property, distinguished from the world at target and secured against
apostacy and rain.

There are a great many mysteries conveyed by stones. In referring to the
sacred volume — "and Joshua set up twelve stones in the midst of Jordan," — and
* Moses previously rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under a hill,
and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel," — it must be remem-
bered that Gil gal derived its name from unhewn stones. Exod. xxiv. 4.

The pure Hebrew knife, for raising the altar, was made of stone, (Tzar. ;) but
this word signifies also edge.

The use of graving tools, for erecting high altars, was forbidden, because no
human inventions were acceptable in the worship of Jehovah : and was intended
to show symbolically that his true shrine was made without hands, being that of a
purified heart Our Saviour was the most perfect offering for man, and as a
priest after the order of Melchisedec, and as the chief corner-stone, connecting
and establishing the Church and all her concerns, and by which all, both Jews,
and Gentiles, angels and men, are as it were joined into one, he thus spiritually
constituted the first and only perfect order and altar.

It is this spiritual building which constitues Freemasonry. By copying divine
example, the Fraternity allegorically rise above their mundane Brethren as true
workmen of stone and tile, and when thus Masonically employed, they hew, cut,
and square, new altars and buildings to the Lord of Hosts, by perfecting his spi-
ritual works. Freemasons should be engaged in promoting friendship, virtuous
. society, mutual assistance, and good fellowship.

Although the world is indebted to Pythagoras for the demonstration of the 47th

E reposition of the first book of Euclid's elements, relative to the square of the
ypothenuse, and history tells us that he was so elated after making the discov-
ery, that he made an offering of a hecatomb to the gods, yet it was reserved for a
Christian to have the honor and triumph of explaining the true jewel and the seed
of Solomon.

The figure* appended to the Master Mason's square beautifully expresses the
Trinity. We must in contemplating this problem feel persuaded that it conveys
the idea of some self- existent and absolutely eternal power, continued by one
equal square, immediately proceeding to two, then a third, and finally termina-
ting in the central celestial figure. It shows us, that God necessarily in and of
his own infinite, but simple and undivided essence, subsists in three distinct per-
sons, — the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Here, indeed, by an emblem
which sets at naught all irregular angles, and assists in bringing rude figures in-
to a divine form, we have the Freemason's spiritual square in perfection.

Pope Innocent III-, from the letter which accompanied his presents to King
John, appears to have understood Freemasonry ; for he therein expresses himself
in the following terms : —

"Among the riches that mortals prize as the most valuable, and desire with the
greatest earnestness, it is our opinion that pure gold and precious stones hold the
first rank.

" Though we are persuaded your Royal Excellence has no want of these things,
we have thought proper to send you as a mark of our good will, four rings, set
with stones ; we beg the favor you would consider the mysteries contained in their
form, their matter, their number, and colour, rather than their value ; their round-
ness denotes eternity, which having neither beginning nor end, ougiit to induce
you to tend without ceasing, from earthly things to heavenly, and from tilings
temporal to things eternal.

" The number four, which is a square, signifies firmness of mind, not to be sha-
ken by adversity, nor elevated by prosperity, but always continuing in the same
state. This is a perfection to which yours will not fail to arrive, when it shall be
adorned with the four cardinal virtues, justice, fortitude, prudence aud temperance ;

47th Prob. of Euclid.— Ed.



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24 ON THB JTUDY OF MASONIC ANTIQUITIES.

the first will be of service in your judgments, the second in adversity, the third in
dubious cases, the fourth in prosperity.

" By the gold is signified wisdom ; but as gold is the most precious of metals,
wisdom is of all endowments the most excellent, as the Prophet witnesses in these
words, ' The spirit of wisdom shall rest upon him,' and indeed there is nothing
more requisite in a sovereign ; accordingly, Solomon, that pacific king, only
asked of God wisdom to enable him to well govern his people. The green color
of the emerald denotes faith, the clearness of the sapphire hope, the redness of the
ruby charily, and the color of the topaz good works, concerning which our Sa-
viour said, * let your light so shine before men that they may see your good works.'
In the emerald, therefore, you have what you are to believe, in the sapphire what
you are to hope, in the ruby what you are to love, and in the topaz what you are
to practise,-— to the end you may proceed from virtue to virtue, till you come to
the vision of the God of Gods in Sion. n

The most holy stone was the emerald, because it denoted faith ; it was the
fourth foundation stone in the "new Jerusalem," and perhaps the fourth in the
high-priest's breastplate. The bow that surrounds the holy throne, St John tells
us, displayed no other shade of glory, but that which encircled it was like unto an
emerald. It is an oriental tradition that any serpent will grow blind at the sight
of that stone if held near its eyes. Figuratively, Satan in his fallen state cannot
bear its refulgence. It was the type of Christ's coming, David's tribe being de-
scended from the fourUt son of Jacob by Leah.

The common emerald is ranked among- the gems, but is now found only in Pe-
ru ; it is green, harder than quartz, and always in crystals. The oriental emerald
is a green sapphire. The beryl is a variety of the emerald of a paler green or
blue. The emerald of Brazil is a tourmaline. — F. Q. Review.



ON THE STUDY OF MASONIC ANTIQUITIES .•

BY BBO. THOMAS PR? BR.

Chapter IV.

RESULTS OF THE RE-DISCOVERT OF HIEROGLYPH1CAL KNOWLEDGE CONSIDERED
WITH REGARD TO THE HISTORY, GOVERNMENT, PHILOSOPHY, SCIENCE, CHRO-
NOLOGY, LITERATURE AND RELIGION OF ANCIENT EGYPT.

The sntiquities of ancient Egypt, whether considered historically, theologically,
or masonically, deserve our most particular attention ; for, if not the nation in
which science, literature, and the arts of civilized life first attained great perfec-
tion, it is perfectly clear, from what has been before observed, that the ancient
Egyptians concentrated all the knowledge of the post-diluvian world, and were
the means by which that knowledge became subsequently diffused over different
nations.

In continuing the speculative portion of our subject, I must necessarily allude
to the Egyptian mysteries; but before doing so, it becomes essential, for the bet-
ter understanding of the matter under consideration, to describe more particu-
larly some of the leading results flowing from the newly-discovered art of deci-
phering the hieroglyphics, and to consider each point under its, separate head. I
therefore purpose to make some remarks, as concisely as the nature of the sub-
ject will admit, on the important accession of knowledge which these long-hid-
den, but now available sources, throw upon the history, laws, scientific attain-
ments, literature, and religion of ancient Egypt.

And first as to History.

From these sources the Caucasian origin of the Egyptian is now clearly estab-

*Continued from p. 314, vol. vi.



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ON THE ITUDT OF MASONIC ANTIQUITIES. 25

lished, and the hypothesis so recently entertained of their Ethiopian origin is
shown to be perfectly groundless. Tn what way, or at what particular time, the
founders of this mighty empire wound their way across the wilderness to the fer-
tile banks of the Nile, it is at present impossible to determine; whether their pri-
mogenitors progressed slowly westward as a pastoral people, or were driven by
political convulsions or intestine feuds from their earliest domicile, (although the
former supposition bears the strongest impress of probability,) cannot now be as-
certained ; but their Asiatic origin is now satisfactorily established, in opposition
to the hitherto generally received notion ; and this important fact, developed from
hieroglyphical knowledge, will be found,' on strict examination, more in accord-
ance with natural deduction and scripture history.

With regard to Laws and Government, it is perfectly evident that the first
general form of government was that of a priestly aristocracy. This was before,
in some manner, deducible from traditionary legends in the works of the Greek
writers, and inference gleaned from those mythological doctrines wherein truth
was concealed beneath a veil of allegory ; it is now, however, rendered manifest
from monumental evidence. This form of government was created gradually out
of the union of those patriarchal heads of villages, who each governed his own
particular family, in precisely the same manner as does an Arab Sheikh at the
present day ; an oriental custom but little varied since patriarchal ages. This
hierarchy, unquestionably the first form of general government in that primeval
period, preceded the establishment of a monarchy, and ruled Egypt for at least
several centuries before the accession of Menes, the first Pharaoh" Champollion
Figeac states — r< A theocracy, or a government of priests, was the first known to
the Egyptians ;' and it is necessary to give this word priests the acceptation that
it bore in remote times, when the ministers of religion were also the ministers of
science (and knowledge,) so that they united in their own persons two of the noblest
missions with which men can be invested, the worship of the Deitt, and the
cultivation of intelligence." This is truly a Masonic union well worthy of
our consideration ; but to continue. This priestly aristocracy had existed some
time — how long cannot be accurately determined, there being no means of ar-
riving at dates during their rule so accurately as under the Pharaohs — when a
rivalry sprung up between the two ruling powers, the priestly and the military;
and the latter wielding the elements of physical power, enabled a military chief-
tain to assume the reins of government, who established a kingdom, and made
the throne hereditary in the line of the Pharaohs. Thus the social condition of
Egypt was altered at a very early period of its history ; but the priesthood did not
lose the influence which superior knowledge always confers upon its possessors ;
the sacerdotal power became united with the regal ; the two principles were in-
terwoven and perpetuated for many centuries ; and the Pharaohs, initiated by the
priests in the higher mysteries, display the origin of a royal priesthood.

As to Philosophy and Science.

It has already been shown that (hat aggregation of human knowledge, emphat-
ically denominated "the wisdom of the Egyptians," supplied the copious sources
from whence the sages of Greece and Rome derived mainly if not entirely their
knowledge. Of the depth of this wisdom, the world has for centuries remained
in ignorance ; and but for the truth which now glimmers from imperishable re-
cords, it would have been lost to the present age. The recipients of that wis-
dom give us but crude and distorted notions of it— sullying the purity of the
original fountain, the stream became polluted. Thus we see bow necessary it
is to trace the elements of knowledge to their source, in order that we may be
enabled to comprehend somewhat of that wisdom, the profundity of which even
present enlightenment scarcely enables us to appreciate. We shall hereafter (in
the course of the present chapter) have occasion to remark how valuable, and in-
deed essentially important this equity is to our present subject The perfection
to which the ancient Egyptians carried all the arts and sciences of civilized life,
has been already adverted to ; and it may be observed as a matter deserving par-
4



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36 OM THE STUDY OF MASONIC ANTIQUITIES.

ticular remark, that to the most remote period to which our investigations enable
us to penetrate, the arts and sciences seem to have then attained as perfect a
state as at any subsequent period. We are unable to trace any thing like a
gradual rise, or mark the progress of a nation through its various stages from
barbarism to civilization. The lights of Egyptian knowledge burst upon us at
the very commencement of our enquiry.

Of the profound skill of the ancient Egyptians in the sublime science of As-
tronomy, we havo only within a comparatively recent period been enabled to
form the slightest notion. If developed during the darkness of our middle ages,
it would have been utterly incomprehensible. Until the days of Newton, Egyp-
tian astronomical knowledge was far in advance of all modern discovery. In-
deed there are many circumstances which show that they entertained the idea of
a central sun ; such a supposition is far from improbable.

With regard to Geology, it is a remarkable fact recorded by Plato, that when
Solon visited Egypt and conversed with Egyptian priests upon the beginning of
all things, they observed — " You mention one deluge only, whereas many happen-
ed." (See Wilkinson, vol. iv. p. 109.) Upon this, Mr. Gliddon, in his erudite
work on ancient Egypt, which I have referred to in the previous chapter, re-
marks — " I leave it to geologists to define the true meaning of the priests, and to
concede the correctness of the Egyptian record." The Egyptian priests, as Mr.
Gliddon observes, "told Solon many things that must have humbled his Athenian


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Online LibraryCharles W. (Charles Whitlock) MooreThe Freemason's monthly magazine → online text (page 4 of 15)