Charles W. (Charles Whitlock) Moore.

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knowledge and receive Brethren who have been made in the French rite
and under the Scotch Constitution, the fact that the individual in question
was initiated at eighteen years of age, cannot be urged as a bar to his ad-
mission into our Lodges as a visitor. If, as our correspondent suggests,
he has forgotten so much that he cannot prove himself to be a Mason, it
is his misfortune. A Lodge would not be at liberty to receive him on
any less testimony than it would require of another visitor from a foreign
country. If he cannot furnish this testimony — if he cannot prove himself
to be a Mason — he cannot be admitted or recognised.

We have said that Brethren made in the French rite, are not refused
admission into the York Lodges. This is true, so far as we are informed,
except, perhaps, as to the Lodges in Philadelphia, which, we believe, re-
quire that visitors shall hail from Lodges working under the York Consti-



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36 POWERS OF LODGES UN DEB DI8PBNIATIOH, ETC.

tutions. But we are not prepared to say that the practice at present fol-
lowed, is the correct one ; because we doubt whether innovations, under
any circumstances, ought to be sanctioned. The departure from the
York, and the adoption of the modern rites, with their mutilations of the
ritual, by the Lodges on the continent of Europe, in the latter part of the
last century, were such departures " from the original plan df Masonry,"
that the York Masons of that day did not feel at liberty to acknowledge them.
But the evil has since grown to such a magnitude that it is probably incu-
rable ; and, if not positively admitted to be regular, the practice of these
modern rites is now, by a kind of general consent, suffered to pass with-
out objection. Had more stringent measures been adopted and enforced,
when the evil first appeared, it might perhaps have been checked, though
this is not certain, in view of the then state of the Fraternity. All that
can now be done is to keep the rites separate, and preserve, as far as pos-
sible, the integrity of the York Constitutions and ritual. This is not
an easy, it may not be an agreeable, task ; but it should be done.

In conclusion, we will add, that minors cannot, in any of the rites, be
advanced farther than the second degree. The third degree is not con-
ferred upon them until after they attain to their majority. The Constitu-
tions of the Grand Lodge of Louisiana, contain the following article on
this subject, which we believe to be in conformity with the general usage
in the Scottish and French rites :

"Art. 4. The sons of Masons, when presented by their father, or tutor, are
dispensed with the condition concerning the age, and may be received when they
are eighteen years old.

44 But it is well understood that they cannot be received as Masters M.\ before
they have attained their twentyfirst year."

That the reader may not be at a loss to understand why such an article
is found in the Constitution of any Grand Lodge in this country, it may
be proper to state, that the Grand Lodge of Louisiana, if desired, issues
three Charters to a single Lodge, one for each of the three rites that it
cultivates and claims to control, viz : the French, or Modern, the Scottish,
and the York ! And being a Grand Lodge of mixed rites, its first officer
is styled " Most Worshipful and Serenissime (Most Serene) Grand Master ;"
the second is " Right Worshipful and Illustrious Deputy Grand Master ;"
the other officers are " Honorable Grand Wardens," die. But our object
in referring to this body was merely to show the practice of foreign rites
in the admission of minors. From the article quoted from its Consti-
tution, it will be seen that the minor must be the son of a Mason, and
must be proposed by his father or tutor, when he may be advanced to the
second degree, but cannot proceed further until his twentyfirst year. Does
the person referred to by our correspondent, claim to be a Master Mason ?



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CMULHD LODGE JURISDICTION. 37

GRAND LODGE JURISDICTION.

BloamingUm, Jouw, Sept 10, 1847.

Be. G. W. Moors : — Will you, through the pages of your Magazine, please
enlighten me and some of my Brethren of this Western region, who have been
taught to look to the East for light, in relation to the meaning of the phrases
u Masonic jurisdiction," «' Jurisdictional limits of Grand Lodges," &c, a knowl-
edge of which I find becomes necessary to enable us to understand much that is
published now-a-days on these subjects, and, what is of more importance, to act
in reference to the wise maxim, " Do unto others," &c. I had, until latterly, sup-
posed, that the Masonic jurisdiction of a Grand Lodge was constitutionally lim-
ited and restricted within the geographical boundary of the State in which it was
organised and held its Grand Communications. But I now find not only Brethren
advocating, but Lodges and Grand Lodges practising the contrary, — a course of
procedure on their part, which has resulted in muck harm, and if persisted in,
will increase the mischief.

I might enlarge much upon this topic, but as I have already done so, in a report
which will be published in the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Iowa, and as
it is sour views I want, I forbear. "

Fraternally, &c^ T. S. Parvut.

Our correspondent is not entirely correct in the view he has taken of
the subject matter on which he desires our opinion ; or, perhaps we should
say, he stops short of the whole truth.

Generally speaking, the jurisdiction of a Grand Lodge in this country,
is " limited and restricted within the geographical boundary of the State"
in which it holds its communications ; but this is not universally true ; nor
is it true that there is any constitutional provision on the subject The re*
atriction or limitation, such as it is, is one which the early Grand Lodges
in the United States seem to have imposed upon themselves, out of the
courtesy and respect they entertained for each other. We have heard it
said there was a kind of restrictive treaty entered into between them at
the revival of Masonry after the revolutionary war ; but we have never
met with any evidence of the existence of such a document, and are in-
clined to regard the statement as without any foundation in fact. But,
however this may be, it is indisputably true that a practice has obtained,
which, in the absence of any written regulation, is to be received as the
settled usage, or common law, on the subject.

What is this practice, and how does it limit the jurisdiction of the Grand
Lodges?

We answer, that, as a general rule, the authority and operations of a
Grand Lodge, in this country, are restricted to the geographical boundary
of the State or territory within whose limits it is located and holds its com-
munications. But this is not unconditionally true ; because, it has never
been questioned that a Grand Lodge possesses the inherent power to es-
tablish Lodges in any State, territory, or country, where there is not
already a Grand Lodge existing. Were this' not the case, the respectable



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38 GRAND LODGE JURISDICTION.

Grand Lodge of which our correspondent is the intelligent recording
officer, could not have been organised. Other instances will readily sug-
gest themselves to his mind, without our enumerating them.

Neither is the power of a Grand Lodge to establish Lodges in a foreign
State, where there is no Grand Lodge existing, affected by the cir-
cumstance that there may already be within its borders, regularly es-
tablished Lodges, deriving their authority from contemporary sources ;
because one Grand Lodge has no more just or stronger claims to a
vacant territory than another. Contiguity has never been urged as
a ground for exclusive jurisdiction, though it will generally, and very
properly, insure a preference. "Neither is it of any consideration that
there has been, at some previous time, a Grand Lodge within the State
sought to be occupied. The only inquiry is as to the present lawful ex-
istence of such a body. This being settled negatively, the territory is
vacant, and may be improved as though it had never been occupied. If
a Grand Lodge, through its own decadency, fails to improve and occupy
its jurisdiction, it loses control over it, and it may be taken possession of
by another. It cannot be held in abeyance by the /arm, after the substance
has departed. An opposite rule might forever exclude Lodges from any
State or territory in which a Grand Lodge had once been organised*

There is another view in which it has been considered by our European
Brethren lawful for two or more Grand Lodges to occupy the same terri-
tory. This is where different rites are practised. There are, for in-
stance, three Grand Lodges at Berlin, one working in the York, and the
others in modern rites. There are also two Grand Lodges at Paris — the
Grand Orient and the Supreme Council. The first originally worked the
Modern, or French rite, and the latter the Scotch rite. By the regula-
tions of the Supreme Council, and of the Scottish rite, it is declared irreg-
ular for a Grand Lodge to cultivate, or to associate with itself, any other
than its own rite. Any Grand Lodge of the Scotch rite which should
attempt to do so, would " lose its authority, and even existence" And we
are inclined to regard this as a sound position, in a more general sense.
If a Grand Lodge wear two faces, one must be false, and the whole thing
becomes a cheat That Masonry cannot be genuine which is composed
of a plurality of rites ; neither can that Grand Lodge be regarded as pure
and regular which cultivates a plurality of rites ; for it is well known to
every Mason who knows any thing about them, that the various rites differ,
not only in the ceremonies, but in the essentials. And we are not pre-
pared to say that there are not other societies, which claim no connection
with our Fraternity, that do not bear quite as near an affinity to ancient
York Masonry, as some of the modern rites, which are received as Ma-
sonic. A Grand Lodge of mixed rite* is an anomaly, which can hardly



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MARK MASTERS' LODGES. 39

fail to produce corruption in the formula and schism in the government of
the Institution.

But without pursuing this point further, we leave our correspondent to
consider for himself how far the European practice above referred to, is
to be received as just and conservative in its operation, — asking him to
bear in mind that a corrupt fountain must send forth impure streams ; and
that a diseased limb often endangers the whole body.



MARE MASTERS' LODGES.

Columbus, Gcl, Mn. 6, 1847.

Comp. Chas. W. Moore,— Dear Sir,— A question arose at the last regular
meeting of the Chapter at this place, relative to the propriety of calling the mem-
bers of the Chapter Companions, in a Mark Master's Lodge, and of the Secretary
styling the officers Companions or Brethren, in a Mark Lodge. Also, as to the
propriety of transacting business in the Mark degree, such as reading and con-
firming the minutes ofa Chapter of R. A. Masons, and reading petitions, ballot-
ing, &c

Please give me your opinion upon the above, at your first leisure.

Yours, fraternally, E. C. H.

We cheerfully comply with the request of our correspondent The
Mark Master's degree is conferred in a Lodge, which, in this country, is
required to be appendant to a Chapter of Royal Arch Masons ; but this is,
comparatively, a recent regulation. Mark Lodges were formerly distinct
and independent bodies, having no connection with the Chapters ; and
the two bodies have now no other connection than the accidental one that,
in the U. States, the first has been placed under the jurisdiction of the
latter. This indeed, has, in some measure, destroyed the independence
of the Mark Lodges, but it has not changed the character of the Mark de-
gree ; nor has it converted Brethren into Companions ; that is, it has not
made R. A. Masons of them, nor entitled them ^to the designation appro-
priate only to R. A. Chapters and the higher orders of Masonry.

The Constitution of the General Grand Chapter of the United States
authorises the establishment of Mark Lodges, as appendant to the Chap-
ters, and provides that the first three officers of the Chapter shall be the
41 Master and Wardens in said Lodges." The title of Companion, tech-
nically speaking, does not belong to a Lodge. And in evidence that it is
not appropriately applied to Mark Masters, our correspondent is referred
to the charges used at the opening of Lodges of that degree, and at the
advancement of candidates ; which he will find in any of the text books.

To the second inquiry, we answer, that, in our opinion, there is a great



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40 TBlBtJTE OF RlfPECT.

impropriety in transacting the business of the Chapter in a Lodge of Mark
Masters. In Craft Masonry, it is usually considered irregular to transact
any business, properly belonging to a Lodge of Masters, in a Lodge opened
on the first or second degree. Surely there would be less impropriety
in the latter than in the former case. If the one be irregular, the other
is more so. As we have before intimated, there is no connection be-
tween the Mark and the R. A. degrees ; and there should be as little as
possible between the Lodge and the Chapter. Mark M. Masons, as such,
know nothing of R. A. Masonry, and ought not to be permitted to know
anything of the transactions of the Chapter, until they have been lawfully
qualified and entitled to know all about them.



TRIBUTE OF RESPECT.

On the receipt of the melancholy intelligence, announcing the death of Lieut
Col. James P. Dickinson, his Brethren of Kershaw Lodge, No. 29, Ancient Free-
masons, convened at their Lodge Room, in Camden, S. Carolina, and appointed
J. M. Cooper, J. B. Kershaw, J. C. West, S. J. Young, and R. L. Wilson, a com-
mittee, to give a suitable expression to their feelings, to be submitted for approval
on the following Saturday, 23d insl, at which time the committee submitted the
following preamble and resolutions which were unanimously adopted :

Whereas, it has pleased Almighty God to remove our Brother, Lieut Col. J. P.
Dickinson, a member of this Lodge, who died of wounds received in battle near
the city of Mexico, after a noble example of that exalted courage and heroism be-
coming an upright man and Mason, — be it therefore,

Resolved— 1st, Thatthis Lodge is plunged in the profoondest sorrow by the
tidings of his death, and tender to his afflicted relict, our respectful and fraternal
sympathy.

2d, That while bis association with us as a Brother, revealed the generous and
kindly feelings of his heart, and his career aa a member of our Bar, and Repre-
sentative in the State Legislature, evinced an intellect of high order, his brilliant
participation in the glorious campaign of the Palmetto Regiment, and his heroic
death in the field, have won for him the highest laurels of military fame.

3d, That we consider these circumstances— this commingling of the laurel
with the cypress — with chastened pride, as conferring honor on those associated
with him.

4th, That though ours is an institution founded for the improvement of the so-
cial condition of man's nature, yet that our Brother, in his gallant devotion to
bis country, has but fulfilled the charges of the Order with an elevated heroism.

5th, That in testimony of our respect, we will wear the usual badge of mourn-
ing on next St John's Day, and inscribe a page in our record book to the memory
of our deceased Brother*

On motion, it was

Resolved, That the committee enclose a copy of the foregoing to his widow,
and that it be published in the Camden Journal and the Freemasons' Magazine.



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RICHLAND LITERARY INSTITUTE. 41

RICHLAND LJTERARY INSTITUTE.

This is the name that has been given to a new educational institution,
which, through the commendable liberality of Eureka Lodge, No. 61, and
the enterprise and perseverance of its members, aided by the Grand Lodge
of the State, and Lexington Lodge, No. 24, and Lexington R. A. Chap-
ter, No. 9, and perhaps some others, is now being erected in the flourish-
ing town of Richland, in Mississippi. The corner-stone was laid early in
October last, with public ceremonies. The address on the occasion was
delivered by Walker Brooke, Esq., and is a beautiful and highly finished
production. An excellent address was also read from the R.»W. Hon. Br.
A. Hutchinson, he not being able to be present in person. From the lat-
ter we make the following extracts, being all that we can conveniently
find room for, and all that would be particularly interesting to our read-
ers: —

" Trustees of the Masonic College of Mississippi;- Brothers and Companions : —
Being unable to obey your call to deliver in person a discourse on toe occasion
of laying the foundation of your edifice, you will indulge me, if you please, in al-
lowing me to express by proxy to the auditory, what I have to offer.

I was not only honored but pleased with the invitation — not that it served for
display — but that possibly it might enable me in a degree to be useful. In the
last Grand Lodge of Mississippi I was deeply impressed with your undertaking ;
and thus I had opportunity, without intrusion or arrogance, but humbly and hope -
fully, to encourage you in the glorious work.

It was my good fortune at that session of the Grand Lodge, to aid in procuring
its sanction of the scheme. The accomplished Finley, Chaplain of the Grand
Lodge of Kentucky and President of the College flourishing under its auspices,
was there, and spoke as a reformer in favor of his institution. The report of the
educational committee, which was adopted, gave the result of his mission — the
full approval of the Kentucky College, and the recommendation of it to our Craft,
until the noble example it afforded could be practically emulated here. The
committee said : ' When it shall have been in the power of the Fraternity in this
State either to establish, or by the application of funds efficiently to aid in the es-
tablishment of such a home college, our preference of it and our exclusive patron-
age of it must be approved. The proposition of Eureka Lodge, No. 61, so ably
ami persuasively presented by the R. W. Br. Russell, has been concurrently con-
sidered by us. There are many reasons in favor of the locality he proposes for
the central institution of Masonic patronage; and the laudable spirit exhibited
by all engaged in that undertaking, merits unlimited praise.' Four hundred dol-
lars being the utmost that could then be appropriated, was vested in you to be
applied to the object so auspicious. That, be it said, was no mean encourage-
ment; nor was it a dubious earnest of future support from the same body. It is
not, I trust, impious in me to hope, nay believe, that the Supreme Architect will
incline the hearts who may bear into convocation from time to time the honored
jewels of our Masonic families, to continue the contribution long beyond the com-
pletion of the temple — ay, whilst there shall be an orphan of the Craft to be lifted
up, and cherished and educated.

It cannot be expected that I should give explanation of the details of your en-
terprise. Permit me to defer, on this score, to my Brother Russell, whose supe-
rior knowledge, whose sound views and whose philanthropic feelings peculiarly
qualify him to do, in all things, a thousand fold more than I could accomplish. I
do not speak in empty praise — but from my soul simply. I do look to him with

6



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42 RICHLAND LITERARY INSTITUTE.

confidence and joy. He has done much — and I perceive in the distance the
blessings that will crown his exertions."

" A word concerning Masonry. To the Richland Lodge are we indebted for
the first movement in Mississippi toward a Masonic College. That was very
good. But let us bring up in rapid retrospect the account of Ancient Freema-
sonry.

It departed from Egypt with Moses and the Hebrews. It was lit up in the
tabernacle in the wilderness. It was organised in the first Jewish temple, and
has descended to us essentially unimpaired. It is the oldest institution existing
on earth but three — the Sabbath — marriage — government. It is a curious estab-
lishment, because it is occult. What, then, is the mystic Institution ? The old
covenant was its great light; and since the suspension of the old, the old and the
new, in one volume, is the Great Light It propagates no creed but belief in
Deity and future life. It from the vestibule, enjoins implicit allegiance, and there
is scarcely any offence it regards as so flagrant as the introduction, within its pen-
etralia, of a political aim, or controversy or opinion. We profess that it is only
an association for the mutual relief of one another, placed on the basis of all re-
ligions, conducted upon obedience to the laws, and the enforcement of moral du-
ties. In every period since its introduction, it has been persecuted ; but in all
times, and amidst its direst trials, it has kept its integrity. If banished from the
houses erected by human hands, its votaries have met under the starry canopy —
evolved the symbols of the virtues — practised charity — and held on to the myste-
ries of the Cabbala, More need not be said.

Masonry, I have said, forever disclaims the least possible interference with re-
ligious or political sects ; but under the eye of Omniscience, it has prevailed
since Israel erected the tabernacle. It has had a silent, unseen, but not unfelt
beneficiency ; and although I may not go further, there is one fact that beams on
its eternal history, that perhaps may the most indicate the Divine favor it has ex-
perienced. I refer to the Masonic Convention at York, at which our truly illus-
trious Grand Master, Alfred, presided. The Masonic families cast their occult
votes for delegates to that Convention, and the Constitution of the Grand Lodge of
Albion resulted. That was not only a good idea, but one of transcendent exam-
ple to patriots ; and the patriots of after ages have applied it. This, here again,
is enough to say ; for to say more would involve a vast range of history. Masonry
has nothing serious to regret — nothing to fear but the displeasure of the Supreme
Grand Master. •

Wherefore, it may be asked or imagined, this recurrence to the past ? If ex-
perience is not to give us wisddm, whence are we to obtain it ? Even this sweep-
ing glance at the past, may serve to show that the equal rights of man are im-
pressed on his soul ; and tiiat every spark that descends from Jehovah's altar must
and will kindle and burn, and cannot be quenched.

Brothers and Companions : Persevere in the work before you. As Masons,
you have not the right to call upon the world around you. As trustees of a col-
lege located favorably in regard to centrality, health and population, you may
speak as the great interests of education may seem to prompt. The more exter-
nal patronage you may receive, the greater will be your power to do good. To
the ancient Freemasons of this prosperous and truly renowned commonwealth,
however, you are to look for the most certain, most substantial, and least varying
support. Follow Kentucky in her well imagined scheme. If the Craft, in any
quarter, reply to your appeals in the negative, say only to them that they have
forgotten the token that was sent up to Alfred and Washington, Clinton and Jack-
son, when they presided. They will reflect and relent They will look around
them for the members of the mystic tie that have passed from time — possibly to
be truly raised — who have left in this pilgrimage sous and daughters. On what,
they will say, are these orphans to depend ? Where is the charity fund ? Where
are the bold men and the noble college that lift up these orphans and instruct
them on the most favorable terms ? Away, then, with all temporary and pitiful



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ON THE STUDY OF MASONIC ANTIQUITIES. 43

expedients. Proceed constantly in the great spirit of Masonry, and you cannot
fail.*

We are indebted to Br. Doty, of Richland, (whose entire energies seem
to be devoted to the success of this important and altogether commendable
enterprise,) for some additional facts in relation to it ; from which we learn
that the Grand Lodge of Mississippi, at its last annual communication, ap-
propriated $400 towards the object ; since which time, Lexington Lodge,
No. 24, and Lexington R. A. Chapter, No. 9, have given $1500, which,
added to the sum originally appropriated by Eureka Lodge, make the


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Online LibraryCharles W. (Charles Whitlock) MooreThe Freemason's monthly magazine → online text (page 6 of 15)