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THE TARLETON FAMILY.
c.^ w: tarleton,
Concord, N. H.
CONCORD, N. H. :
Ira C. Evans, Printer, 12 School Street.
THE NEW YORK]
PD BUG LIBRARY
ATTOR. LENOX AND
R 1'JC6 L
Tarletons of England :
Liverpool Tarletons .
Tarletons of New Hampshire :
Spelling. First Names
English Estates .
The Stileman Family
Will of Ruth Tarlton
Henry Tarlton, Boston
Early Settlers .
Joseph Branch .
Tarletons of Maryland :
Early Settlers .
Old Wills .
Jeremiah (Cath.) Branch
Thomas Branch .
Caleb (Va.) Branch .
Jeremiah (Prot.) Branch
Caleb (Ky.) Branch .
Tarletons of Ireland
Several years ago I was asked a question concerning my
ancestors, which I could not answer, and in trying to find the
answer, I was surprised to learn how little I knew about the
Tarleton family. The relatives with whom I talked were but
little better informed. About that time I saw several published
family histories, and wished that some one would do for our
family what others had done for theirs. As no one else seemed
inclined to do so, I finally decided to make the attempt myself.
Of the time, effort, and expense given to this work I need not
speak ; those who have had some experience will realize what it
has cost ; others cannot, even if told. But I have also found
much of interest and pleasure in the work, and, better still, have
found many pleasant acquaintances among my far-off cousins.
Most of those to whom I have written have taken some interest
in the family name and history, and sent me the records in
their memory and possession ; a few have given cordial and
considerable help. To all I herewith extend my thanks for their
Of course 1 cannot vouch for the accuracy of these records.
I have only tried to give them just as they were given to me,
except in a few cases of evident mistake. When different dates
have been received, I have sometimes given both and sometimes
the one that seemed most likely.
Most of the history of the family for the first hundred
years in this country has come from the published State and
Town Papers of New Hampshire and from the county records at
Exeter, N. H., with a little help from histories of towns and
counties, and from old newspapers. Our ancestors were not
literary, and have left scarcely anything in writing, except the
records in the Family Bible, and even these are scanty.
I am aware that the arrangement of these records is both
unusual and illogical. I began this collection by writing to
those living, and tracing backward I came to six persons, back
of whom I could not go for some time. As there seemed to he
six separate groups not far from the same size, and each group
knowing something of its own memhers and not much of the
others, I came to speak and write of the six brandies — Stileman,
Elias, William, Joseph, James, and John. Afterwards I found
that the first four were sons of Elias^ and that a more logical
arrangement would have been into tliree branches — Elias",
James", and John^ ; yet I decided not to change from my first
plan. I have given the records of the first two or three
generations first, and then followed with these six branches in
I have given most of my spare time and some money to this
work for four years. Perhaps more time and money would have
given better results, but 1 have done the best my circumstances
would allow. Mistakes will be found, for it is almost impossible
to avoid them in a work of this kind ; imperfections you will expect
to find. Init probably not as many as I have found. If this little
book shall give interest and pleasure to any : if it shall lessen
our selfishness and widen our sympathies ; it it shall make us
more thoughtful of those who have gone before us, and so more
worthy of being remembered and loved by those who come after
us, I shall not regret what it has cost me.
Kev. Jacob Chapman, the compiler of five family histories,
well says : " We are deeply indebted to others who have gone
before us for what we have and for what we are. If we deny
our obligations to them, we exhibit our ingratitude and our
folly. Every one who has lived a decent life desires to be
remembered, and especially by his relatives, and we are not
following the Golden Rule unless we also cherish the memory of
And now I close with a cordial greeting to every member and
connection of our family, and with the earnest desire that every
name may be " written in the Lamb's book of life," so that when
the records are finally examined we shall all have an entrance to
our Father's home in heaven.
C. W. TARLETON.
TARLETON PARISH. ENGLAND;^
A tew miles from Liverpool lies the parish of Tarletou,
separated from Croston by the Douglass, a small river rendered
navigable in 1727. It comprises some 5,380 acres of land,
flat and tolerably fertile, and 300 acres of unreclaimed bog to
the westward. A large part of the land is now under potato
cultivation for the never failing markets of Liverpool, Man-
chester, and Preston. The rent is from thirty to forty shillings
per acre and tending upward.
" Tarleton either gave or received its name, like many other
Lancashire townships, from an ancient family settled at this
place." As the family name first appears as Walter de (of)
Tarleton, it seems more likely that the parish gave its name to
Two old deeds, signed before 1400, are on record. Li one,
Adam de Tarleton and another person give lauds and tenements,
which they had (apparently as trustees) in the towns of Croston,
Tarleton, etc. ; in the other, Thomas Banastre del Bank gives to
his son Thomas "all his massuages, lands, and tenements in the
town of Tarleton, wliich were formerly John's, the son of John
de Tarleton." It would appear that originally a family by the
name of Tarleton held the property to which these deeds relate.
Although there is no proof of the statement, it is supposed that
all the Tarletons we know of are descended from this family.
There is a ti-adition coming from the Tarletons of Ireland that
the family originally came to England from Normandy about
the time of the Norman conquest (1066), but a recent and
competent authority states that "the family is of Saxon origin,
*For a fuller account see "History of the Hundreds of Lancaster, County
Palatine," and "History of the County Palatine and City of Cheshire," by
George Ormarod, 1882 ; also " Genealogical and Heraldic History of the
Landed Gentry of Gt. Britain and Ireland," by Burke (last edition, 1894).
8 TARLETOXS OF ENGLAND.
taking its name from Tarlcton (parish) in Lancashire. The
pretix ' de ' in English family names does not imply Norman
descent, the earliest form of surname being the distinction
betAveen two people bearing the same name ; thus, John of
York, John of Chester, the 'of being rendered ' de.' But
' de' was also used to imply landed estate."
In England the eldest surviving son inherits his father's titles
and estates, and his family record is carefully kept. Sir Alfred
H. Tarleton, of London, now represents the line of eldest sons,
and has in his possession the "pedigree roll" going back to
1240. The following abstract from Burke's "Landed Gentry"
shows briefly his lineage :
The Tarleton family were seated early in the thirteenth century
at Aigburth, near Liverpool, in the county of Lancaster. The
records of H. M. College of Arms give : Edward Tarleton^''. of
Church Stile House, Liverpool, sixteenth in descent from Walter
de Tarleton. He was commander of the man-of-war " Dublin,"
a justice of the peace, and mayor of Liverpool, 1682. He was
born 1620, married 1640 and again 1661, died 1690, buried at
St. Nicholas, Liverpool. He left two sons, John and Edward,
and the last had three daughters, the youngest of wliom married
Timothy Tarleton, showing there was another family of Tarletons
in Liverpool at that time.
John^*^ (M. D.), mayor of Lancastei-, b. 1650, m. twice, d.
1721, buried at St. Nicholas; had sixteen sons, but only two
Thomas^*, a merchant, b. 1G80, m. 1715, d. 1731, bur.
in St. Paul's Churchyard, London* ; had four sons and two
dauiihters, but onlv one son had children.
John'^, of Aigburth and of Bolesworth Castle, County Chester,
and mayor of Liverpool, 1764, was b. 1710, m. 1751, d. 1793,
bur. St. Nicholas. He had five sons, William, Thomas, Banastre,
John, and Clayton. Only Thomas left sons.
Thomas^\ of Aigburth and of Bolesworth Castle, b. 1753, m.
1775, d. 1820, bur. at Malpas ; had three sons, Thomas, John
*His will, dated Oct. 2, 1730, and bequeathing three tenement houses in
Liverpool, some other property, and several thousand pounds in money to his
family and others, is on record in England, and a copy is in possession of Mrs.
J. C. Sherley. Anchorage, Ky.
LIVERPOOL TARLETONS. V
E. (Rev.), Henry, and three daughters. The second son died
unmarried and the third without children.
Thomas^\ of Bolesworth Castle and captain Twenty-sixth
Dragoons, b. 1776, m. 1805, d. 1836, bur. at Malpas ; had five
sons and five daughters. The first, third, and fourth sons died
unmar. The youngest son, William, b. 1820, went to Hobarts-
town, Tasmania (south of Australia) , mar. there, and had John
W., b. 1852; William, b. 1856; Leigh T., b. 1859, and three
daughters. The second son was
John Walter - , Sir and Admiral, b. 1811, m. 1861, d. Sept.
25, 1880 ; left two daughters and one son.
Alfred Henry-\ b. May 16, 1862, m. Feb. 8, 1888, Henrietta
Charlotte, only child of Admiral Tenyson D'Eyncount, C. B.,
and has Frieda Henrietta and Finnetta (d. May 30, 1890).
Sir Alfred H. Tarleton is justice of the peace for the county
of Middlesex, Lord of the Manor of Cranfield, and formerly a
lieutenant in the Royal Navy, where he served from 1874 to
1888. He holds the estates of Breakspars, Uxbridge, Cranfield,
and Brockley. His city residence is 58 Warwick Square,
Sir Banastre Tarleton, son of John Tarletoi?^, was born at
Liverpool, Eng. , Aug. 21, 1754. At the breaking out of the
Revolutionary war, Banastre left the study of law, and purchased
a cornetcy of dragoons. In December, 1776, he commanded the
advance guard of the patrol which captured Gen. Lee in New
Jersey, and served with Howe and Clinton in the campaigns of
1777-8. After the evacuation of Philadelphia he raised and
commanded, with the rank of lieut. col., a cavalry corps of reg-
ulars and Tories, called the British Legion. This corps was
constantly rendering important service to Lord CornwalHs in the
south, until he and Tarleton surrendered at Yorktown. In May,
1780, he surprised Col. Buford, and massacred his entire force,
refusing to give quarter, and so " Tarleton's quarter" became
a synonym for cruelty. He was in many engagements, and
was a brave and skillful, though cruel, officer ; he was below
middle size, stout, strong, and heavily built.
in TARLETOXS OF ENGLAND.
After his return to England he was appointed colonel of the
Eightli Light Dragoons and later lieutenant (or major) general.
He was elected member of parliament from Liverpool in 1790,
and held that position for twentv-two years, acting with the
liberal and reform party.
In 1815, he was made a baronet, and later received the title of
Commander of the Bath. He published, in 1787, "A History
of the Campaigns of 1780-81 in the Southern Provinces of
America," 518 pages. He died Jan. 23, 1833, having a wife
but no children. He is the first Tarleton that we have found
with a right to a coat of arms. His name is continued throusrh
his brother Thomas, who inherited and transmitted to his
descendants the family estate at Aigburth.
The following is condensed from an article in the Boston Globe :
A priceless relic of Revolutionary days has just been placed in
the state house at Columbia, S. C, for safe keeping. It is the
sword which Tarleton used in leading the British troopers at the
battle of Cowpens. Col. "William Washington, the gallant
leader of the American cavalry, pressed Tarleton so closely in
his fight as«to be able to have one exchange of saber blows with
the British leader. Washington's sword cut Tarleton's fingers,
and the British colonel dropped his steel, spurred his steed, and
obtained safety by flight. An American soldier saw the fight
and picked up the sword, which has since been preserved in the
family. The sword is a yard long, curved and heavy, and bears
the marks of the fight. The sword of Gen. Marion hangs
Admiral Sir John Walter Tarleton, H. C. B., died on
the twenty-fifth of September, 1880. He was born 1811, the
son of Mr. Thomas Tarleton, of Bolesworth Castle, county of
Chester, and grandnephew of Sir Banastre Tarleton. He
entered the Royal Navy in 1824, and attained the rank of
admiral in 1879. He commanded ships, saw considerable serv-
ice, and held many high offices. He married, 1861, Finetta
Esther, daughter of the Hon. Baron Dinsdale, and leaves one
son, Alfred Henry, and two daughters, Mary Beatrice and Edith
Finnetta. — Abstract from the London Times.
EARLY TARLTONS IN LONDON.
The early home of the Tarletons was near Liverpool, and the
eldest sons, as heirs of the estates, have lived near there until
recent times ; but there were other members of the family living
in other parts of England, especially in London, before 1600.
Richard Tarlton* was an actor in London at the time Shakes-
peare wrote his plays. One writing at that time and naming
the great men of England, excuses himself for mentioning "stage
players " by saying that "• excellence in the meanest things
deserves remembrance." He names " Richard Bourbridge and
Edward Allen, two such actors as no age must ever look to see
the like ; and to make their comedies compleat Richard Tarleton,
who for the Part called tlie Clown's Part never had his match,
never will have." For " writers of plays " he names William
Shakespeare and Benjamin Johnson. If Tarleton's profession
gives liim no great honor, his associates may at least save him
from contempt. Another Avriter says of him : "Our Tarleton
was master of his faculty. When Queen Elizabeth was serious
(I dare not say sullen) and out of good hvmior, he could
un-dumpish her at his will." His name also appears as author
of several small books. He was born at Coudover, Shropshire,
about one hundred miles northwest of London, and died in
1.5b8, probably in London. If his manners and morals were
rather too free even foi' his times, we may hope that his professed
repentance and reform were genuine.
The Harleian' Society of England has published more than
twenty volumes, consisting of copies of the Parish Records ^of
christenings, marriages, and burials in different parishes in
England, beginning with the reign of Queen Elizabeth. In the
preface to the first volume it is stated that " our business is only
with the records of those who, at the time the entiy was made,
* The People for Whom Shakespeare Wrote, p. 12.
12 TARLETONS OF ENGLAND.
were persons of recognized social position." Tlit; original
records would probably give more information, but being out of
reach these copies have been used.
The name of Tarleton first appears on these records at the
burial of William Tarleton, Feb. 6, 1588, in St. James Pai'ish,
Clerkenwell (then a suburb of London). Margaret Tarleton
was married in the same parish the next year, and another
Margaret in St. Thomas Parish. May 17, 1599. The name
appears on these records only these three times before 1600, but
in the next hundred years it occurs more than thirty times.
While there is some conjecture in arranging these separate
items into families, the following list of Tarlton families in the
vicinity of London is probably correct but not complete :
1. Richard Tarlton and Elizabeth Greene, mar. July 9, 1618,
in St. James parish. Frances, tlieir daughter, born and died in
2. Matthew Tarlton, " show maker." by his first wife, Brigete
(d. Apr. 24, 1653), had Elizabeth (d. 1637). and Mary (d.
Aug. 6, 1648) ; and by his second wife. Elizabeth, had Joseph
(chr. Apr. 24, 1655), Matthew (chr. Nov. 18, 1656 and died
next mouth), and Elizabetli (chr. Mar. 7. 1657), St. Mary's
3. Henry Tarlton and Sarah , mar. . had William
(chr. ¥eh. 10, 1638), and Margaret (bur. July 1, 1639" .
4. Thomas Tarlton and Elizabeth . had Elizabeth (chr.
Feb. 16, 1661).
5. Ritchard Tarlton and Edeth Lockson, mar. May 22, 1666,
in St. James Parish. From the name, marriage, and date (see
will of Ruth Tarlton) we think this may be the Richard who came
to New Hampshire, but there is no proof.
6. Robert Tarlton, "Clerk of Pewterer's Inn" (bur. Aug.
15, 1720), mar. Sept. 27, 1667, Kathrina Heath (d. Aug. 9,
1704), and had Robert (chr. June 7, 1676), Sarah, Elizabeth,
Sarah, Thomas (all four died before 1680), Thomas, Pleasant,
and Catherine (chr. 1680. 1681. 1685). St. Dionis Parish.
7. John Tarlton, mar. , and had Elizabeth (bur. Aug.
LONDON TARLETONS. 13
The burial of several servants of Tarltons are mentioned,
showing some of the families were not poor. Many of the
bnrials were in the churches, as in the "North Isle," the
"Great Vault," and "in ye 5th seat behind the pulpit." The
relation of these families to each other and to the emigrants is
LATER TARLTONS IN LONDON,
Thomas Waldon Digby Tarltou's father was a military man
and his mother was a Quakeress. Thomas married Elizabeth
Stephenson, lived fifty-two years, and had four children : i,
Richard, who had three children, Walter, Annie, and Jessie ;
ii, Amelia ; iii, Robert, who married Rose Spooner, and had
Arthur, Matthew, Lucy, and Anne; iv, Anne Ruth, b. 1827,
d. 1898, m. 1849, Mark Bean. Tlieir daughter, Emily C, m.
Rev. J. W. Atkinson, for thirty-two years pastor of the Latimer
Congregational Church, Stepney. Their sou, Montague Atkin-
son, barrister-at-law, sends these facts.
The Robert and Matthew above are the ones whose names
appear on the London directory as drapers, living in St. George
The only other Tarlton name on the directory is Sir Alfred
H., 58 Warwick Square (p. 9), who has given valuable infor-
There are said to be two soldiers in the British army in South
Africa by the name of Tarlton ; a French family of this name is
"New Castle, Historic and Picturesque," by John Albee,
1884, is a very interesting little book to all lovers of "ye olden
times," and well worth reading by those who want to know the
early history of our family in this country. From this source
most of the following account is selected.
New Castle is the largest of several islands lying in Ports-
mouth harbor, and was generally called Great Island by the
early settlers. It is some two miles long by one mile wide, and
is rectangular in shape, witli an irregular coast line. Bridges
connect it with Portsmouth, which name was often applied to
both places in early times.
A little southwest of New Castle, just across an arm of the
sea called Little Harbor, is Odiorne's Point, where the. first house
in New Hampshire was built, in 1623. Near by is the Odiorne
homestead, which has been in the family since 1660; and also
Mason Hall, once occupied by John Alason, to whom was granted
the whole province of New Hampshire. New Castle is in full
view from the Point, and was first occupied between 1623 and
1635, for between these dates the company sent out by Mason to
occupy his grant, " did build many houses upon the great
island," and " erected a tlbrt, and mounted it with tenn Guns,
for the Defense of said Island and River." This fort was at
the northeast point of the island, and was first called The
Castle, afterwards Fort William and Mary, then, during the
Revolutionary war. Fort Hancock, and when it was rebuilt in
1808, it probably received its present name. Fort Constitution.
Since the Civil war it has been only an unfinished, desolate rum,
garrisoned for some years with one soldier, and then by none.
The first commander of the fort that we know of was Richard
Cutts, in 1674, and when he died he, was succeeded by his
lieutenant, Elias Stileman. The old fort has been several times
alarmed, but has never fired a belligerent gun, though it has
once been captured. Before Paul Revere's famous ride to
Lexington, " on the nineteenth of April, seventy-five," he rode on
16 TARLETONS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
a somewhat similar errand to Portsmouth, on the thirteenth of
December, '74. He was sent by the Boston Committee of
Safety to a simihir committee in Portsmouth, to inform them
of the British order that no more gunpowder should be shipped
to America. Accordingly the Portsmouth Sons of Liberty, with
the patriots of New Castle, in all about four hundred, invested
the fort and summoned Captain Cochrane and his five soldiers to
surrender. It was not the fort they wanted but the hundred
barrels of powder, which they carried away and secreted imder
the meeting house in Durham. Most of it was afterward used
in the battle of Bunker Hill. During the war with Spain, a
company of soldiers was stationed at the fort, and two large dis-
appearing guns were put in position near by.
Very uear the fort is Fort Point lighthouse. At the first, the
only light was a lantern hung from the flagstaflT of the fort, but
in 1771, Governor Wentworth had a massive eight-sided wooden
lighthouse built there. It was forty feet in diameter at the
base, and ninety feet high. Kew Hampshire ceded it to the
United States in 1789, and in 1879 it was torn down and an
iron tower put in its place. The light was kept by Elias Tarl-
ton^ for some years after the Revolution, and also by his great
grandson, Elias Tarlton^, some eighty years later. The homes of
the different Tarltons who have lived at New Castle, have been
within a half mile of the fort and lighthouse. Jerry's Point, at
the southeast of the island, was early known as JaiFrey's Point.
from one of the early settlers who built here, more than two
.centuries ago, Jaffrey's cottage, now owned and occupied by
John Albee. In its parlor was held the Provincial Assembly in
1682-83. The old fortifications here have been leveled at
different times to make room for those that took their place.
Several heavy guns were put in position here in 1898, command-
ing the outer harbor of Portsmouth. The United States life
saving station is also here, and their watchman has a wide
expanse of ocean to scan, while the crew have a full share of
rough and dangerous work. They are sometimes called to the
Isles of Shoals, six miles distant. Elias Tai-lton^ is one of the
NEW CASTLE. 17
Near the southwest corner of the island stands the AYentworth
House, a beautiful and spacious summer hotel, built in 1874, but
twice enlarged. From its lofty towers, one hundred and seventy
feet above the sea, a wide expanse of sea and land is visible —
the inner and outer harbor of Portsmouth, the many bays and
creeks and islands, the Isles of Shoals, many hills in the distance,
and, in a very clear day, Mt. Washington, of the White Moun-
tain range, due north, and ninety miles away. The free bridge,
close by, across Little Harbor, connects with the main land.
Although this is the site of the earliest settlement, but few
private houses are now seen, for the village moved to tlie north
side of the island many years ago. Two small islands lie
between the northwest corner of New Castle mid Portsmouth,
and so a bridge connects New Castle and Goat Island, this and
Shapley's Island, and this with Frame Point, in Portsmouth.
Here is the toll house, where the traveler must '•'stand and
deliver when he crosses the ' Three Bridges.' " From these
bridges is a good view of Seavey's Island, where Spanish
prisoners were kept in the summer of 181)8, of Piscataqua
river, which is simply an arm of the sea, of the ship channel to
the wharves of Portsmouth, and of the United States navy yard,
just across the river, but in the state of Maine. In New Castle,
near the bridges, is Riverside Cemetery, of modern use, for the
early inhabitants were mostly buried in little groups about the
island, with no name, nor date, and often with not even a stone