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Devonshire wills: a collection of annotated testamentary abstracts, together with the family history and genealogy of many of the most ancient gentle houses of the west of England online

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Supporters Two stags ppr., from the neck of each suspended



* Life of the late Right Honourable the Earl of Iddesleigh, G.C.B., second edition,
London, 1887, pp. 11-53.



DEVONSHIRE WILLS. 447

by a chain or., an escutcheon erm. charged with a pine cone of
the second.

Motto " Christi Crux Est Mea Lux"

NOTE. The Northcotes have customarily borne their arms :

Quarterly, ist and 4th arg., a fess between 3 crosses moline sa.
2nd and 3rd arg., 3 crosslets in bend sa.

One and four are very similar to the arms of Faber of Bovey Tracey.
The daughters and co-heirs of Peter Faber of that parish, 1289, mar-
ried Northcote, as above stated, Beare, and Bampfylde ; and I consider
that the second and third quarterings of Northcote may have been
also founded upon Faber, and adopted subsequently to the marriage
of Andrew Northcote with Matilda Faber in the reign of Edward I.
Faber, as quartered by Bampfylde, bore arg. on a fess sa. 3 crosslets
or, a bordure azure.

The Northcotes should rightly quarter, ist Faber, 2nd Million, 3rd
Meols, 4th De Bickington, 5th Hawkworthy, 6th de Mamhead, yth
Dart of Barnstaple and Colebrook, 8th Halswell, Qth Lovett of Lis-
combe, loth Stafford of Pynes.

Although the Newton St. Gyres property has descended to Lord
Iddesleigh it must be remembered that its devolution was not due to
the match with Drewe of Hayne in that parish ; the Yardes of Churston
quartered Northcote and Drewe of Hayne in right of the marriage of
Elizabeth, sole daughter and heir of Walter Northcote, by his wife,
Mary, daughter and heir of Edmund Drewe of Hayne. According to
Lysons, Mag. Brit., Vol. i, p. ex. (Devon), " the heiress of Passmere "
married a Northcote subsequently to the match with de Mamhead.
The surname of Alice, wife of Walter, son of Walter Northcote, by
Alice de Mamhead, is omitted from the pedigree anterior to the Visit.,
1620, which is preserved at the College of Arms.

The arms of Dart of Barnstaple, &c. (miswritten " Durke " in the
Northcote pedigree) were " Gu., a fess and canton erm"



THE WALRONDS OF BRADFIELD.

In the years immediately subsequent to the Norman Con-
quest, the King's great Barons commonly granted smaller
manors within their own honours to be held under them by
persons of somewhat lesser importance, and in process of time
many of these sub-infeudations acquired most, if not all, of the
privileges of the parent manors, although being non-existent
at the period of the Survey, they are not to be found entered
in the pages of " Domesday Book."

One of such, in respect of which the latter record is silent,
is the Manor of Bradfield, within the parish of Uffculme, a



448 DEVONSHIRE WILLS.

few miles from Cullompton, now the seat of Sir W. H.
Walrond, Bt, and which, for more than six centuries, was
the residence of the Walronds in direct male line ; it was
originally parcel of the Domesday Manor, then known as
Offacome, which became included in Walscin de Douay's great
Barony of Bampton. The property within Offacome, in early
records written " Bradfelle," or the Broadfield, gave name to
a family who tenanted it under the Barons of Bampton for
four generations, from the time of Henry I. to that of King
John, and although the late Sir Bernard Burke has ventured
to set them down as the ancestors of the House of Walrond,
existing evidence is quite adverse to his assertion, and that
these " de Bradfelles " were removable at the lord's pleasure
is sufficiently evident from the fact that the then Baron of
Bampton, " Fulke Paynel," as shown, Sir Bernard Burke ad-
mits, by a deed "still in possession of the family," transferred
Bradfield "to Walerande "in the reign of King John, 1199-1216;
and there is abundant evidence that since the latter date,
that is from the period of the accession of Henry III., Richard,
or Robert, Walrond's posterity have been hereditary owners
of this property.

This Fulk Paynel, as I have previously stated,* was the son
of Julian, granddaughter of Walscin de Douay, and was dead
before the loth of King John (1209), in which year his son
and heir paid two hundred marks for livery of his inheritance,
and for the further consideration that his mother, Ada, should
not be disturbed in her " pure widowhood," or, in plainer terms,
that she should not be constrained by the crown to take a
second husband, in accordance with the agreeable fashion of
those times.

It is almost needless to remark that the de Bradfelles, who
were known by the name of their residence, and as " Robert,"
or "Richard," from the time of Henry I. to that of Richard
" Cceur de Lion," were not of baronial rank, which the Wal-
ronds were in the reign of Henry II.. at which time Walter
Waleran, the great-grandson of the Norman owner of Sutton-
Walrond, in Dorset, married Isabel, the eldest daughter of

* House of Worth, ante.



'DEVONSHIRE IVU.l.S, 449

William, Earl of Salisbury (William Longespee), and his barony
was divided by his three daughters and co-heirs. (Their
mother afterward married Wm. Fitz-Eustace, alias de Vesci.)

He was probably the uncle of Robert and of William
Walrond, the former of whom married Isabel, daughter and
co-heir of Hugh de Kylpec, and thus obtained that lordship
in the county of Hereford.

This Robert disinherited his nephew Robert, son of his
brother, William Walrond, and gave the honour of Kylpec
to another nephew, Alan Plugenet, son of Alice Walrond, his
sister, and who was summoned to Parliament in his Barony
of Kylpec in 1295.

William Walrond flourished in the reign of King John. He
was, as I have shown, a younger son, and I believe therefore
that Fulk Paynel's grant of Bradfield was made to him or to
his son Robert, who is called "Richard" in the Walrond
pedigrees.

Whether " Richard" or Robert, he was the father of William
Walrond of Bradfield, whose daughter, Alice, married John
Ayshford of Ayshford, in the parish of Burlescombe, who died
in 1265, and whose brother, John Walrond, was the father
of another John, whose wife, Alice, daughter and heir of John
Stowford of Stowford, in Colyton, brought him that property
which remained with the Walronds until the sixteenth century,
when it was sold by Humphry Walrond of Bradfield to William
Pole, who died in 1587, an 1 was the father of Sir W'illiam Pole,
the antiquary.

William, son and heir of John Walrond and Joan Stowford,
commences the pedigree of the family which was entered at
the Devonshire Visitation of 1564; by his wife, Julian, he had,
with two daughters, a son and heir, John Walrond of Bradfield,
who, as Tristram Risdon tells us, " well increased their inheri-
tance by an heir of Uflet that had formerly married an heir of
Martin Fishacre, Kt." His wife was Agnes, daughter and heir
of John Ufflett, by Agnes, daughter and heir to Sir Martin
Fishacre, by an heir of Spekes, and thus the ancient heritage of
the latter in the parish of Little Hempston and elsewhere came
to the Walronds, " in which name Combefishacre cloth yet
remain," says Risdon, writing in 1638.
3



450 DEVONSHIRE WILLS.

The issue of this marriage, according to the Visitation pedi-
gree, 1564, MS. Harl., 5185 (Colby, 204), was John Walrond,
son and heir, of Bradfield, and, according to Westcote, Joan,
wife of Robert Battin of Dunsland. It has been asserted that
there was another son, " William Walrond,"* who, by his wife,
"Joan, daughter of John Bret, and widow of Higgens," was
the ancestor of " Walrond of Bovey," " whose eventual heiress,"
says Sir Bernard Burke, " was the wife of Lord Rolle," creation,
1796.

But this " William Walrond of Bovey," if he ever had any
actual existence, must, to have been the "ancestor" of Lady
Rolle, have flourished at a much later period, because there
were as many as nine generations between the issue of John
Walrond and Joan Ufilett, and the year 1638, at which period,
Risdon tells us, the then proprietor of Bovey, " Edmond
Walrond," was its third owner in that line, and that this branch
had therefore then become " a distinct family," but that pre-
viously this " ancient inheritance of the Walronds had been
usually given to a younger son."t

The " Bovey " referred to is not either of the parishes of
that name in South Devon, but a property at Seaton, near
Axminster. Its last male owner of this name was William
Walrond, after whose death it came to Judith Maria, daughter
of Henry Walrond, who married Mr. (afterward Lord) Rolle,
in 1778, and died without issue in 1820.

John, son and heir of John Walrond and Alice Ufflett,
married Margaret Moore of Moorhayes, in the parish of Cul-
lompton, and had issue John and Humphry; the latter was
the ancestor of the Walronds of Eveleigh, in the parish of
Broadclist, which estate had been derived by the Ufflett
marriage, having come to the latter through Valletort, Speke,
and Fishacre.

John Walrond, son and heir, of Bradfield, was the father
of Humphry, son and heir, and of Oliver* Walrond, who
settled in Somersetshire (and to whom I shall refer later on

* Burke's Landed Gentry, sub. " Walrond of Dulford." Vivian, Visit, of Devon,
p. 768.

t Risdon, Survey of Devon, pp. 31, 32, edit. 1811.

j He is called " Osmond " by Burke and also by Vivian, Visitations of Devon,
p. 768. He is not mentioned at all in Westcote's pedigree?.



DEVONSHIRE WILLS. 451

as the ancestor of the Walronds now of Broadhembury), and
also of Ellen,* wife of Anthony, son of Robert Fortescue ;
of Eleanor, who married Michael Keys, and secondly, Nicholas
Dillon, and of Elizabeth, wife of Walter Reigny ; although,
according to Westcote (Pedigrees 484) he had but an only
daughter, Alice, married to Robert Yeo of Heanton Sachville.

Humphry Walrond, by his wife, Eleanor, daughter of Henry
" Ovvgan " of Saltwinch, co. Somerset, had, with a second son,
John (and daughters, Jane, wife of William Tyllye, see my
Suburb^ of Exeter, p. 9, and Elizabeth, wife of John "Hall"
according to Westcote, of "John Hake"), of Collompton, an
eldest s6n a~nd heir, Henry Walrond of Bradfield, who died
in 1550, and left, with a daughter, Ellen, wife of Thomas
Yorke, a son, Humphry, who commences the pedigree entered
at the Visitation of 1620, and had, according to the record of
1564, three younger brothers, viz., Thomas, William, and
Alexander, the second of whom was probably the real ancestor
of Lady Rolle.f

According to both the Visitation records I have cited,
Humphry Walrond, of Bradfield, by his wife Mary, daughter
of Sir Thomas Willoughby, Justice of the Common Pleas,
was the father of William Walrond, son and heir, Thomas,
and Alexander, who both died issueless, and of two Humphrys,
the first baptized in 1554, and the second in 1555. Both
these Humphrys lived to maturity. The elder of them resided
at Upham, in the parish of Farringdon, a property which
had belonged to the Dukes. He married Mary Audley, of
Holbury, co. Wilts., had " no issue " in 1620, and died in
1632. His brother, Humphry, the younger, settled at Ash,
in the parish of Ottery St. Mary, an estate which had been
granted to his father, the son-in-law of Justice Willoughby,
after the attainder of the Duke of Suffolk in 1553. He
married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Duke, of Otterton,
and had issue, Humphry Walrond, son and heir, "aged 6,
1620."

His eldest brother, William Walrond, of Bradfield, married

* She is made " daughter," of Humphry IValrond, by Westcote and Vivian,
who do not mention her sisters Eleanor and Elizabeth,
f See above, Walrond of Bovey, in the parish of Seaton.



452 DEVONSHIRE WILLS.

Mary, widow of John Warre, and daughter of Nicholas Sanford,
and died in 1627, but the family pedigree as entered before
the Heralds, is signed by " Humphry" and by " H. Walrond."
The latter was probably his son and heir, then thirty-six
years old, and the husband of Penelope Sidenham, of Dulverton,
by whom he had thirteen children. The eldest of them, William
Walrond, "aged 10," in 1620, duly succeeded to Bradfield
in 1650, and had, by his wife, Ursula Speccot, of Launcells,
co. Cornwall, besides three daughters, an eldest son, Sir William
Walrond, the owner of Bradfield in 1667, and who was knighted
by the king at Bedford in 1671. Sir William died unmarried
in 1689, and was succeeded by his only brother, Henry
Walrond, a Barrister of the Middle Temple, who survived
until 1724. By his first wife, Elizabeth Maynard, a widow,
and daughter of Sir William Strode, of Newnham, he had
two sons and two daughters. The youngest of the latter, Hester,
was the wife of the Rev. John Carwithen, Rector of Willand
and Woolfardisworthy, and Vicar of Crediton, who died in
1742.

Mrs. Carwithen's eldest brother, William Walrond, married
Anne, daughter of Francis Courtenay, and had a son, Courtenay,
who died without issue in 1761, when he was succeeded by
his next brother, the Rev. H. Walrond, Rector of Woolfardis-
worthy, who married Dorothy Milford, at Woolfardisworthy
in 1759, and died in 1787, and had, with two daughters, an
only son, William Henry W'alrond, of Bradfield, who married
Mary Alford, of Sandford, and left two daughters, co-heirs,
the eldest of whom, Frances Walrond, became the wife of
Benjamin, son of John Dickenson, by his wife, Harriet Bowden.
Mr. Dickenson assumed the name of Walrond by Royal License
2ist April, 1845, ar >d was the father of the late owner of Brad-
field, Sir John Walrond, D.L. and J.P., Sheriff of Devon, 1874,
and M.P. for the Borough of Tiverton. Sir John, who was
created a baronet 24th February, 1876, married The Honourable
Frances Caroline Hood, daughter of the second Lord Bridport,
and his eldest son, Sir William Hood Walrond, M.P. for
Devonshire (Tiverton Division), and now of Bradfield, was
born 26th February, 1848, Sir William Walrond was for-
merly a Captain in the Grenadier Guards, and subsequently



DEVONSHIRE WILLS. 453

commanded the 1st Devon R V. for many years ; he married
in 1871 Elizabeth, daughter and heir of the late James Pit-
man, of Dunchideock, co. Devon, and lias had, with other
issue, John Neville Hood Walrond, son and heir, born 26th
November, 1874.



WALROND OF DULFORD, IN THE PARISH OF
BROADHEMBURY.

" Osmond," or Oliver, Walrond, as he is called in the
Visitation Pedigree of 1564, appears, by that record, to have
settled in Somerset, and to have been the uncle of Henry
Walrond of Bradfield, and second son of John W r alrond,
son and heir of John and Margaret Moore. According to the
pedigrees, as printed," he married " Emlyn, daughter of Buck-
thought of Devonshire,"! and had three sons, the eldest of
whom, Humphry Walrond, in tight of his first wife, Eliza-
beth Brokehampton, settled at Sea, in the parish of Ilminster.
He married, secondly, Katherine, daughter of Sir John Popham,
chief justice of the King's Bench. By his first wife, he had
issue, Hemy Walrond, who succeeded to Sea, and is said to
be "named in the will of his cousin, Humphry Walrond, of
Bradfield."

Henry Walrond, of Sea, married Elizabeth, daughter and
co-heir of William Devenish, of Hellingleigh, co. Sussex, the
descendant of Sir John Devenish, whose wife was Elizabeth,
widow of Thomas Massingberd, and third daughter and co-heir
of Thomas, first and last Lord Hoo and Hastings (so created
by Patent 2nd June, 26 Hy. VI.) by his wife, Alianore, eldest
daughter and co-heir of Leo, seventh Lord Welles (writ 27th
Ed. I.), and, in right of descent from this marriage, the late
Mr. Walrond, of Broadhembury, established his claim to
the co-heirship of the Welles Barony, and " petitioned the
King, in 1832, to terminate its abeyance in his behalf," J a

* Burke, Landed Gentry. Vivian, Visitation Devon, p. 770.

t The Buckthoitghts were Somersetshire people ; but it is worthy of note that there
was a family connection with ihe " Buckyats," variously spelt, one of whom married
Jane Walrond of Bovey, and who were of Buckyat in the parish of Little Hempston
in this county. See my Devonshire Parishes, vol. 2., p. 69.

J Sir Bernard Rurkf.



454 DEVONSHIRE WILLS.

concession which was not accorded.* Henry Walrond, of Sea,
died in the year 1616. His son, Humphrey, also of Sea,
by his wife, Elizabeth Colles, was the father of the brave
Col. Humphry Walrond, of Sea, who suffered much for the
King's sake, and was one of the six hostages surrendered to
Fairfax at Bridgwater after the capitulation of that town
in 1645 ; his companions in misfortune being Sir John Hale,
Sir Hugh Wyndham, Mr. Warre, Mr. Sydenham, and Mr.
Speke. He was also, I believe, one of the four lieut.-colonels
taken at Dartmouth in the following January with Lord
Newport, the King's Governor there, with more than forty
other officers of various rank.-f He subsequently emigrated
to Barbadoes, and became President of that island, which was
our first settlement in the West Indies, and the cradle of the
English sugar trade.

On the 5th April, 1653, Philip IV. of Spain created him,
by patent of that date, Count of Parma and Valderonda,
Marquis of Vallado, and a Grandee of the first class ; and his
own Royal Master, to mark his fidelity, permitted him to bear
the crest of his ancestors upon a mural crown. He married
first, Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel Napier, of More Critchel,
co. Dorset, who died in 1635; but his second wife, "Grace
Walrond," was alive thirty years later. He left a large
family, six sons and three daughters. Of the sons, the third,
Henry Walrond, attained the rank of Lieut-General and died
in 1693. The fifth, Col. Thomas Walrond, was resident in
the parish of Christ Church, Barbadoes, 22nd December, 1679,
upon three hundred and forty acres of land, and maintained
there eighteen white servants and one hundred and seventy
slaves. He married Frances, daughter of Col. Sir Jonathan
Atkins, and had an only child, who was the wife of Wiiliam



* Lady Devenish was, as above intimated, a second wife. She had, moreover, two
sisters, co-heirs with herself, Eleanor, ancestress of the Carews, of Beddington, and
Jane, ancestress of the Moyle-Copleys. Their mother, Alianure de Welles, had
three sisters, similarly co-heirs Margaret, wife of Sir Thomas Dymoke, of Scrivelsby,
Hereditary Champion of England, and father of Sir Robert, who executed that office
at the coronations of Richard III. and Henry VII. and VIII ; Cicely, wife of Sir
Richard Willoughby ; and Catherine, who married Sir Thomas Launde, and hnd
issue ; so it is not surprising to find that Mr. Walrond did not receive a summons in
the Barony of Welles.

t See my Devonshire Parishes, vol. I., p. 352. But, in the return from which I
copied, the name is written Wadland,



DEVONSHIRE WILLS. 455

Adams. The eldest son, George Walrond, was a captain of the
Royal Horse, and also settled in Barbadoes, where he died in
1688, and married Frances, daughter of William Coryton, of
Coryton, co. Devon, by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Chiches-
ter, of Ralegh, and had two sons, Theodore and George. The
latter was of St. Philip's, Barbadoes, married, and had issue.

His elder brother, Theodore Walrond, settled in the island of
Antigua, died in the summer of 1766, and left by his first wife,
Elizabeth Wills, of Wiveliscombe, co. Somerset, a son, Maine
Swete Walrond, also of Antigua, who died in 1764, at the age of
thirty-nine. By his wife, Sarah Lyons, of Philadelphia, he
had, with two younger sons, a son Theodore, who survived
him three years, and died in his minority, when he was
succeeded by his next brother, Joseph Lyons Walrond, of
Antigua, born 1752, who married Caroline, daughter of
Admiral Sir Edward Codrington, in 1797, and re-established
himself in England. After the death of the last Earl of
Montrath (Coote), who died in 1802, he purchased of that noble-
man's executors a house which his lordship had built within the
manor of Carswell-cum-Dulford, in the parish of Broadhem-
bury, then known as " Montrath House," the necessary land
having been acquired from the Drewes, of Grange, in the
said parish, and this property has since been known as " Dul-
ford House." He died I3th January, 1815. Failing the issue
of his eldest son, Lyons Walrond, who never attained his
majority, Bethell Walrond, the second son, born in 1801,
succeeded to this property at his mother's death, was a deputy
lieutenant for Devon, and M.P. for the Borough of Saltash.
He married Lady Janet St. Clair, daughter of the second
Lord Rosslyn, and died in 1876, leaving an only son, Henry
Walrond, now of " Dulford House," and Lieut-Col, of the 4th
Battalion Devonshire Regiment (ist Devon Militia), who was
born in 1841, is married, and has issue.

Arms of Walrond Arg., 3 bulls' heads cabossed sa.
armed or.

C res t An heraldic tiger sejant sa., semee of plates.

Crest of Walrond, of Dulford House, Broadhembury ; out
of a mural crown or, an heraldic tiger sa., semee of plates,
maned, and tufted, or.



456 DEl'ONSHIRK IV ILLS.



THE FORTESCUES.

The Fortescue family, of Norman origin, as its name implies,
is commonly said to be descended from a certain Sir Richard
le Fort, and to have been settled in England since the eleventh
century, as a consequence of the victory at Hastings. Accord-
ing to tradition, this Sir Richard le Fort, so styled in reference
to his prodigious strength, was a " cup bearer " in the
household of Duke William, and thrice saved his master's life
at Senlac, by protecting him, whilst unhorsed, from the blows
of his assailants, and was therefore afterward known as :< Richard
le Fort Escu (Richard the strong shield), and was rewarded,
in the person of his son, Adam Fortescue, with "grants of
Wymondeston, or Winston, and other lands in the County of
Devon.* Sir Richard himself is reputed to have returned
to Normandy and to have founded there a second family, and
thus to have become the progenitor of those Fortescues who,
in many branches, long flourished on the French sea-board
known as the Cotentin.

It is possible that Sir Richard le Fort may not be an entirely
mythical personage, although the only authority that has been
cited in proof of his existence is that very unsatisfactory and
unreliable document known as the "Roll of Battle Abbey,"
in one of the several pretended "copies" of which there is
mention of the Sire de la Ferte, and in another of the Seigneur
de la Ferte, otherwise Fort, but who is nowhere called
" Richard," or identified in any way with the ducal household-
But, granting the presence at Hastings of the " Seigneur de
la Ferte," he doubtless took name either from Ferte-Alais or
Ferte-Milon, both towns in the Isle of France, and without
any reference to his bodily strength at all. The name is
not to be found in either of the three lists of the Norman
invaders which Stowe has included in his Annales, nor is
it to be discovered in Fox's catalogue of those Normans who
received territorial grants in return for their services at Senlac, t
whilst it is abundantly clear, from the Devonshire Domesday,



* Burke, Landed Gentry, sub. ff Fortescue of Fallopit."
f Acts and Mon., Vol. I, p. 237.



DEVONSHIRE WILLS. 457

that neither a Fort, nor a Fortescut-, held lands, either as
tenant in capite or even as sub-tenant, at the period of the
Conqueror's Survey.

The compound word " Fortescue " is evidently of military
otigin, and I am inclined to attribute its assumption to the
period of the first Crusade rather than to that of the Norman
Conquest, and there can be but little question that the
previous possession of the place-name " le Ferte," or " Fort,"
primarily suggested the happy combination of the two
words to its original owner, or to his appreciative knightly
contemporaries. But, as " Fortescue," this family has
been indisputably known for nigh upon eight centuries, and
hence originated its famous canting motto, Forte Scutum
Sains Ducinn, and the legend as to King William's cup bearer.
Unfortunately, however, the history of the house of Fortescue
has hitherto been made to accord with the ancient and popular
tradition lather than with historical facts. The two Manors
of Great Modbury and Wimpston were both given by the Con-
queror to his half-brother, Robert, Earl of Mortain, and were
held under him by Reginald cle Valletort. Either Reginald,
or his son and successor, founded, at Modbury, a cell of Black
Monks, which consisted of a prior and two religious brothers,
and made it dependent upon the great Benedictine Abbey
of St. Pierre, Sur Dive, in the lower Normandy Diocese of Se'ez.

In many cases, but not in all, it has become somewhat diffi-
cult to identify the several "Ralphs," "Reginalds," "Richards,"
and others, described only by their Christian names, who were
sub-tenants in 1086, under the King's tenants in capite ; but



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