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History of St. Joseph County, Indiana : online

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1865, and were received with marked honors by the people and
Executive.

The 25th Regiment, of Evansville mustered into service there
for three years under Col. J. C. Veatch, arrived at St. Louis on the
26th of August, 1861. During the war this regiment was present
at 18 battles and skirmishes, sustaining therein a loss of 352 men



UISTORV OF INDIANA. Zl6

and officers. Mustered out at Louisville, July 17, 186.5, it returned
to Indianapolis on the 21st amid universal rejoicing.

The 26th Battalion, under W. M. Wheutley, left Indianapolis
for the front the 7th of September, 1S61, and after a brilliant cam-
paign under Fremont, Grant, Keron and Smith, may be said to
disband the ISth of September, 1S65, when the non-veterans and
recruits were reviewed by Morton at the State capital.

The 27th Regiment, under Col. Silas Colgrove, moved from
Indianapolis to Wasliington City, September 15th, 1861, and in
October was allied to Gen. Banks' army. From Winchester
Heights, the 9th of March 1862, through all the aflairs of General
Sherman's campaign, it acted a gallant and faithful part, and was
disbanded immediately after returning to their State.

The 28tu ok 1st Cavalkv was mustered into service at Evans-
ville on the 20th of August, 1861, under Col. Conrad Baker. From
the skirmish at Ironton, on tlie 12tii of September, wherein three
companies under Col. Gavin captured a position held by a
tew rebels, to the battle of the Wilderness, the First Cavalry per-
formed prodigies of valor. In June and July, 1865, the troops
were mustered out at Indianapolis.

The 29tu Battalion of La Porte, under Col. J. F. Miller, left
on the 5th of October, 1861, and reaching Camp JSfevin, Kentucky,
on the 9th, was allied to Hosseau's Brigade, serving with McCook's
division at Shiloh, with Buell's army in Alabama, Tennessee and
Kentucky, with Kosencrans at Murfreesboro, at Decatur, Alabama,
and at Dalton, Georgia. The Twenty-ninth won many laurels,
and had its Colonel promoted to the rank of Brigadier General.
This officer was succeeded in the command by Lieutenant-Col.
D.M.Dunn.

The 30th Regiment of Fort Wayne, under Col. Sion S. Bass,
proceeded to the front via Indianapolis, and joined General Rosseau
at Camp Nevin on the 9th of October, 1861. At Shiloh, Col.
Bass received a mortal wound, and died a few days later at
Paducah, leaving the Colonelcy to devolve upon Lieutenant-Col. J.
B. Dodge. In October 1865, it formed a battalion of General Sheri-
dan's array of observation in Texas.

The 31st Regiment, organized at Terre Haute, under Col. Charles
Cruft, in September 1861, was mustered in, and left in a few days
for Kentucky. Present at the rediiccion of Fort Donelson on the
13th, 14th, and 15th of February, 1862, its list of killed and
wounded proves its desperate fighting qualities. The organization



214 HISTORY OF INDIANA.

was subjected to many changes, but in all its phases maintained a
fair fame won on many battle fields. Like the former regiment,
it passed into Gen. Sheridan's Army of Observation, and held the
district of Green Lake, Texas.

The 32d Regimext of German Infantry, under Col. August
Willich, organized at Lidianapolis, mustered on the 24th of August.

1861, served with distinction throughout the campaign. Col
"Willich was promoted to the rank of Brigadier-General, and Lieut-
Col. Henry Von Trebra commissioned to act, under whose com
mand the regiment passed into General Sheridan's Army, hold
ing the post of Salado Creek, until the withdrawal of the corps of
observation in Texas.

The 33d Regiment of Indianapolis possesses a military history
of no small proportions. The mere facts that it was mustered in
under Col. John Coburn, the 16th of September, won a series of
distinctions throughout the war district and was mustered out at
Louisville, July 21, 1S65, taken with its name as one of the most
powerful regiments engaged in the war, are sufficient here.

The 34th Battalion, organized at Anderson on the 16th Sep-
tember, 1861, under Col. Ashbury Steele, appeared among the in-
vesting battalions l^efore New Madrid on the 30th of March, 1862.
■From the distinguished part it took in that siege, down to the
13th of May, 1S65, when at Palmetto Ranche, near Palo Alto, it
fought for hours against fearful odds the last battle of the war for
the Union. Afterwards it marched 250 miles up the Rio Grande,
and was the first regiment to reoccupy the position, so long in
Southern hands, of Ringold barracks. In 1865 it garrisoned Bea-
con sville as part of the Army of Observation.

The 35th oe First Irish Regiment, was organized at Indian-
apolis, and mustered into service on the 11th of December, 1861,
under Col. John C. Walker. At ISTashville, on the 22d of May,

1862, it was joined by the organized portion of the Sixty-first or
Second Irish Regiment, and unassigned recruits. Col. Mullen now
became Lieut.-Colonel of the 35th, and shortly after, its Colonel.
From the pursuit of Gen. Bragg through Kentucky and the affair
at Perryville on the 8th of October, 1862, to the terrible hand to
hand combat at Kenesaw mountain, on the night of the 20th of
June, 1864, and again from the conclusion of the Atlanta campaign
to September, 1865, with Gen. Sheridan's army, when it was mus-
tered out, it won for itself a name of reckless daring and unsur-
passed gallantry.



IIISTOKY (IF INDIANA. 215

The 36th Regiment, of Richmond, Ind., nnder Col. William
Grose, mustered into service for three years on the 16th of Sep-
tember, 1861, went immediately to the front, and shared the for-
tunes of the Army of the Ohio until the 27th of February, 1862,
when a forward movement led to its presence on the battle-field of
Shiloh. Following up the honors won at Shiloh, it participated in
some of the most important actions of the war, and was, in October,
1865, transferred to Gen. Sheridan's army. Col. Grose was pro-
moted in 1864 to the position of Brigadier-General, and the
Colonelcy devolved on Oliver II. P. Carey, formerly Lieut.-Colonel
of the regiment.

The 37th Battalion, of Lawrenceburg, commanded by Col.
Geo. W. Hazzard, organized the 18th of September, 1861, left for
the seat of war early in October. From the eventful battle of
Stone river, in December, 1862, to its participation in Sherman's
march through Georgia, it gained for itself a splendid reputation.
This regiment returned to, and was present at, Indianapolis, on the
30th of July, 1865, where a ])nblic reception was tendered to men
and ofiicers on the grounds of the Capitol.

The 3Sth Regiment, under Col. Benjamin F. Scribner, was mus-
tered in at New Albany, on the ISth of September, 1861, and
in a few days were.e7i route for the front. To follow its continual
round of duty, is without the limits of this sketch; therefore, it
will sufiice to say, that on every well-fought field, at least from
February, 1862, until its dissolution, on the 15th of July, 1865, it
earned an enviable renown, and drew from Gov. Morton, on return-
ing to Indianapolis the 18th of the same month, a congratulatory
address couched in the highest terms of praise.

The 39th Regiment, or Eighth Cavalet, was mustered in as
an infantry regiment, under Col. T. J. Harrison, on the 2Sth of
August. 1861, at the State capital. Leaving immediately for the
front it took a conspicuous part in all the engagements up to April,
1863, when it was reorganized as a cavalry regiment. The record of
this organization sparkles with great deeds which men will extol
while language lives; its services to the Union caimot be over esti-
mated, or the memory of its daring deeds be forgotten by the un-
happy people who raised the tumult, which culminated in their
second shame.

The 40th Regiment, of Lafayette, under Col. W. C. Wilson,
subsequently commanded by Col. J. W. Blake, and again by Col.
Henry Learning, was organized on the 30th of December, 1861, and



216 HISTORY OF INDIANA.

at once proceeded to the front,where some time was necessarily spent
in the Camp of Instruction at Bardstown, Kentucky. In February,
1862, it joined in Buell's forward movement. During the war the
regiment shared in all its hardships, participated in all its honors,
and like many other brave commands took service under Gen.
Sheridan in his Army of Occupation, holding the post of Port
Lavaca, Texas, until peace brooded over the land.

The 41st Eegiment oe Second Cavalry, the first complete regi-
ment of horse ever raised in the State, was organized on the 3d of
September, 1861, at Indianapolis, under Col. John A. Bridgland,
and December 16 moved to the front. Its first war experience was
gained en route to Corinth on the 9th of April, 1862, and at Pea
Ridge on the 15th. Gallatin, Vinegar Hill, and Perryville, and
Talbot Station followed in succession, each battle bringing to the
cavalry untold honors. In Ma}', 1864, it entered upon a glorious
career under Gen. Sherman in his Atlanta campaign, and again
under Gen. Wilson in the raid through Alabama during April,
1865. On the 22d of July, after a brilliant career, the regiment was
mustered out at Nashville, and returned at once to Indianapolis for
discharge.

The 42d, under Col J. G. Jones, mustered into service at Evans-
ville, October 9, 1861, and having participated in the principal
military aftairs of the period, Wartrace, Mission Ridge, Altoona,
Kenesaw, Savannah, Charlestown and Bentonville, was discharged
at Indianapolis on the 25th of July, 1865.

The 43d Battalion was mustered in on the 27th of September,
1861, under Col. George K. Steele, and left Terre Haute enroute to
the front within a few days. Later it was al'ied to Gen. Pope's
corps, and afterwards served with Commodore Foote's- marines in
the reduction of Fort Pillow. It was the first Union regiment to
enter Memphis. From that period until the close of the war it was
distinguished for its unexcelled qualifications as a military body,
and fully deserved the encomiums passed upon it on its return to
Indianapolis in March, 1865.

The 44th or the Regiment of the 10th Congressional District
was organized at Fort Wayne on the 24th of October, 1861, under
Col. Hugh B. Reed. Two months later it was ordered to the front,
and arriving in Kentucky, was attached to Gen. Cruft's Brigade,
then quartered at Calhoun. After years of faithful service it was
mustered out at Chattanooga, the 14th of September, 1865.

The 45th, or Third Cavalry, comprised ten companies



HISTORY OF INDIANA. 217

organized at different periods and for varied services in 1861-
'62, under Colonel Scott Carter and George H. Chapman. Tiie
distinguished name won by the Third Cavalry is established in
every village within the State. Let it suffice to add that after its
brilliant participation in Gen. Sheridan's raid down the James'
river canal, it was mustered out at Indianapolis on the 7th of Au-
gust, 1865.

The 46th Regiment, organized at Logansport under Colonel
Graham N. Fitch, arrived in Kentucky the 16th of February, 1862,
and a little later became attached to Gen. Pope's army, then quar-
tered at Commerce. The capture of Fort Pillow, and its career
under Generals Curtis, Palmer, Ilovey, Gorman, Grant, Sherman,
Banks and Burbridge are as truly worthy of applause as ever fell to
the lot of a regiment. The command was mustered out at Louis-
ville on the 4th of September, 1865.

The 47th was organized at Anderson, under Col. I. R. Slack, early
in October, 1862. Arriving at Bardstown, Kentucky, on the 21st
of December, it was attached to Gen. Buell's army; but within two
months was assigned to Gen. Pope, under whom it proved the first
regiment to enter Fort Thompson near New Madrid. In 1864 the
command visited Indianapolis on veteran furlough and was enthu-
siastically received by Governor Morton and the people. Return-
ing to the front it engaged heartily in Gen. Banks' company. In
December, Col. Slack received his commission as Brigadier-General,
and was succeeded on the regimental command by Col. J. A. Mc-
Laughton; at Shreveport under General Heron it received the sub-
mission of General Price and his army, and there also was it mus-
tered out of service on the 23d of October, 1865.

The 48th Regiment, organized at Goshen the 6t]i of December,
1861, under Col. Norman Eddy, entered on its duties during the
siege of Corinth in May, and again in October, 1862. The record
of this battalion may be said to be unsurpassed in its every feature,
so that the grand ovation extended to the returned soldiers in
1865 at Indianapolis, is not a matter for surprise.

The 49th Regiment, organized at Jetfersonville, under Col. J. W.
Ray, and mustered in on the 21st of November, 1861, for service,
left en route for the camp at Bardstown. A month later it arrived
at the unfortunate camp-ground of Cumberland Ford, where dis-
ease carried off a number of gallant soldiers. The regiment, how-
ever, survived the dreadful scourge and won its laurels on many



218



HISTOKY UF INDIANA.



a well-fonght field until September, 1865, when it was mustered out
at Louisville.

The 50th Regiment, under Col. Cyrus L. Dunham, organized
during the month of September, 1861, at Seymour, left en route to
Bardstown for a coarse of military instruction. On the 20tli of
August, 1862, a detachment of tlie 50th, under Capt. Atkinson, was
attacked by Morgan's Cavalry near Edgefield Junction; but the
gallant few repulsed their oft-repeated onsets and finally drove
them from the field. The regiment underwent many changes in
organization, and may be said to muster out on the 10th of Septem-
ber, 1S05.

The51sT Regiment, under Col. Abel. D. Streight, left Indianap-
olis on the lith of December, 1861, for the South. After a short
course of instruction at Bardstown, the regiment joined General
Buell's and acted with great effect during the campaign in Ken-
tucky and Tennessee. Ultimately it became a participator in the
work of the Fourth Corps, or Army of Occupation, and held the post
of San Antonio until peace was doubly assured.

The 5"2u Regiment was partially raised at Rushville, and the
organization completed at Indianapolis, where it was consolidated
with the Railway Brigade, or 56th Regiment, on the 2d of Feb-
ruary, 1862. Going to the front immediately after, it served with
marked distinction throughout the war, and was mustered out at
Montgomery on the lOtli of September, 1865. Returning to Indian-
apolis six days later, it was welcomed by Gov. Morton and a most
enthusiastic reception accorded to it.

The 53kd Battalion was raised at New Albany, and with the
addition of recruits raised at Rockport formed a standard regi-
ment, under command of Col. W. Q. Gresham. Its first duty was
that of guarding the rebels confined on Camp Morton, but on
going to the front it made for itself an endurable name. It was mus-
tered out in July, 1865, and returned to Indiananoplis on the 25th
of the same month.

The 54th Regiment was raised at Indianapolis on the 10th of
June, 1862, for three months' service under Col. D. G. Rose. The
succeeding two months saw it in charge of the prisoners at Camp
Morton, and in August it was pushed forward to aid in the defense
of Kentucky against the Confederate General, Kirby Smith. The
remainder of its short term of service was given to the cause. On the
muster out of the three months' service regiment it was reorgaa-



HlSrORV OF INDIANA. 21&

ized for one year's service and gained some distinction, after which
it was mustered out in 1S63 at New Orleans.

The 55th Hegimknt, organized for three months' service, retains
tlie brief history applicable to the first organization of the 54th.
It was mustered in on the 16th of June, 1862, under Col. J. R.
Mahon, disbanded on the expiration of its term and was not reor-
ganized.

The 56th Regiment, referred to in the sketch of the 52nd, was
designed to be composed of railroad men, marshalled under J. M.
Smith as Colonel, but owing to the fact that many railroaders had
already' volunteered into other regiments. Col. Smith's volunteers
were incorporated with the 52nd, and this number left blank in the
army list.

The 57th Battalion, actually organized by two ministers of the
gospel, — the Rev. I. W. T. McMullen and Rev. F. A. Hardin, of
Richmond, Ind., mustered into service on the ISth of Novem-
ber, 1S61, under the former named reverend gentleman as Colonel,
who was, however, succeeded by Col. Cjtus C. llaynes, and he iu
turn by G. W. Leonard, Willis Blanch and John S. McGrath, the
latter holding command until the conclusion of the war. The
history of this battalion is extensive, and if participation in a num
ber of battles with the display of rare gallantry wins fame, the 57th
may rest assured of its possession of this fragile yet coveted prize.
Like many other regiments it concluded its military labors in the
service of General Sheridan, and held the post of Port Lavaca in
conjunction with another regiment until peace dwelt in the land.

The 58th Regiment, of Princeton, was organized there early in
October, 1861, and was mustered into service under the Colonelcy
of Henry M. Carr. In December it was ordered to join Gen-
eral Buell's army, after which it took a share in the various
actions of the war, and was m\istered out on the 25tli of July, 18f)5>
at Louisville, having gained a place on the roll of honor.

The 59th Battalion was raised under a commission issued by
Gov. Morton to Jesse I. Alexander, creating him Colonel. Owing
to the peculiarities hampering its organization. Col. Alexander could
not succeed in having his regiment prepared to muster in before
the 17th of February, 1862. However, on that day the equipment
was complete, and on the 18th it left en route to Commerce, where
on its arrival, it was incorporated under General Pope's command.
The list of its casualties speaks a history, — no less than 793 men
were lost during the campaign. The regiment, after a term char-



^20 HISTORY OF INDIANA.

acterized hj distinguished service, was mustered out at Louisville
on the 17th of July, 1865.

The 60th Regiment was partially organized under Lieut .-Col.
Richard Owen at Evansville during November 1861, and perfected
at Camp Morton during March, 1862. Its first experience was its
gallant resistance to Bragg's army investing Munfordsville, which
culminated in the unconditional surrender of its first seven com-
panies on the 14th of September. An exchange of prisoners took
place in November, which enabled it to joine the remaining com-
panies in the field. The subsequent record is excellent, and forms,
as it were, a monument to their fidelity and heroism. The main
])ortion of this battalion was mustered out at Indianapolis, on the
21st of March, 1S65.

Tlie 61sT was partially organized in December, 1861, under Col.
B. F. Mullen. The failure of thorough organization on the 22d of
May, 1862, led the men and officers to agree to incorporation with
the 35tli Regiment of Volunteers.

The 62d Battalion, raised under a commission issued to Wil-
liam Jones, of Rockport, authorizing him to organize this regiment
in the First Congressional District was so unsuccessful that consoli-
dation with the 53d Regiment was resolved upon.

The 63d Regiment, of Covington, under James McManomy,
Commandant ot Cam]i, and J. S. Williams, Adjutant, was partially
organized on the 31st of December, 1861, and may be considered
on duty from its very formation. After guarding prisoners at
Camp Morton and Lafayette, and engaging in battle on Manassas
Plains on the 30th of August following, the few companies sent
out in February, 1862, returned to Indianapolis to find six new
companies raised under the call of July, 1862, ready to embrace
the fortunes of the 63d. So strengthened, the regiment went forth
to battle, and continued to lead in the paths of honor and fidelity
until mustered out in May and June, 1865.

The 64th Regiment failed in organization as an artillery corps;
l)ut orders received from the War Department prohibiting the con-
solidation of independent batteries, put a stop to any further move
in the matter. However, an infantry regiment bearing the same
number was afterward organized.

The 65th was mustered in at Princeton and Evansville, in July
and August, 1862, under Col. J. W. Foster, and left at once eii
route for the front. The record of this battalion is creditable, not
onlv to its members, but also to the State whicli claimed it. Its



HISTOKY OF INDIANA. 221

last action during the war was on the 18th and 20th of February,
1865, at Fort Anderson and Town creek, after whicli, on the 22d
June, it was disbanded at Greensboro.

The 66th Regiment partially organized at New Albany, under
Conitnandant Roger Martin, was ordered to leave for Kentucky on
the 19tli of August, 1862, for the defense of that State against the
incursions of Kirby Smith. After a brilliant career it was mus-
tered out at Washington on the 3d of June, 1S65, after which it
returned to Indianapolis to receive the thanks of a grateful people.

The 07th Regiment was organized within the Third Congressional
District under Cul. Frank Emerson, and was ordered to Louisville
on the 20th of August, 1862, whence it marched to Muiifordville,
only to share the same fate with the other gallant regiments en-
gaged against Gen. Bragg's advance. Its roll of honor extends
down the years of civil disturbance, — always adding garlands, un-
til Peace called a truce in the fascinating race after fame, and insured
a term of rest, wherein its members could think on comrades forever
vanished, and temper the sad thought with the sublime mem-
ories born of that chivalrous fight for the maintenance and integri-
ty of a great Republic. At Galveston on the 19th of July, 1865, the
gallant 67th Regiment was mustered out, and returning within a
^ew days to its State received the enthusiastic ovations of her citi-
zens.

The 6Sth Regiment, organized at Greensburg under Major Ben-
jamin C. Shaw, was accepted for general service the 19th of August,
1862, under Col. Edward A. King, with Major Shaw as Lieutenant
Colonel; on the 25th its arrival at Lebanon was reported and with-
in a few days it appeared at the defense of Munfordville; hut shar-
ing in the fate of all the defenders, it surrendered unconditionally to
Gen. Bragg and did not participate further in the actions of that
year, nor until after the exchange of prisoners in 1863. From this-
period it may lay claim to an enviable history extending to the end
of the war, when it was disembodied.

The 69th Regiment, of Richmond, Ind., under Col. A. Bickle,
left for the front on the 20th ot August, 1862, and ten days later
made a very brilliant stand at Richmond, Kentucky, against
the advance of Gen. Kirby Smith, losing in the engagement two
hundred and eighteen, men and officers together with its liberty.
After an exchange of prisoners the regiment was reorganized under
Col. T. W. Bennett and took the field in December, 1862, under



222 HISTORY OF INDIANA.

Generals Sheldon, Morgan and Sherman of Grant's army. Cliick-
asaw, Vicksburg, Blakely and many other names testify to the valor
of the 69th. The remnant of the regiment was in January, 1865,
formed into a battalion under Oran Perry, and was mustered out in
July following.

The 70th Regiment was organized at Indianapolis on the 12th of
August, 18G2, under Col. B. Harrison, and leaving for Louisville on
the 13th, shared in the honors cf Eruce's division at Franklin
and Russellville. The record of the regiment is brimful of honor.
It was mustered out atWasiiington, June 8, 1865, and received at
Indianapolis with public honors.

The 71st or Sixth Cavalry was organized as an infantry regi-
ment, at Terre Haute, and mustered into general service at Indian-
apolis on the ISth of August, 1862, under Lieut. -Col. Melville D.
Topping. Twelve days later it was engaged outside Richmond,
Kentucky, losing two hundred and fifteen officers and men, includ-
ing Col. Topping and Major Conldin, together with three hundred
and forty-seven prisoners, only 225 escaping death and capture.
After an exchange of prisoners the regiment was re-formed under
Col. I. Bittle, but on the 28th of December it surrendered to Gen.
J. H. Morgan, who attacked its position at Miildraugh's Hill with a
force of 1,001) Confederates. During September and October, 1863,
it was organized as a cavalry regiment, won distinction throughout
its career, and was mustered out the 15th of September, 1865, at
Murfreesboro.

The 77th Regiment was organized at Lafayette, and left enroute
to Lebanon, Kentucky, on the 17th of August, 1862. Under Col.
Miller it won a series of honors, and mustered out at Nashville on



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