Chicago Acme Publishing Company.

Portrait and biographical album of Rock County, Wisconsin, containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the governors of the state online

. (page 1 of 145)
Online LibraryChicago Acme Publishing CompanyPortrait and biographical album of Rock County, Wisconsin, containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the governors of the state → online text (page 1 of 145)
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CONTAINING



Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent
and Representative Citizens of the County,

TOGETHER WITH

PORTRAITS AND BIOGRAPHIES OF ALL THE GOVERNORS OF THE STATE, AND
OF THE PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITLSD STATES.




CHICAGO:

ACME PUBLISHING CO.,
1889.



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THE NEV; YORK
PUBLIC LIBRARY



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^jUE greatest of English historians, Macaulat, and one of the most brilliant writers of
the present century, has said: "The history of a country is best told in a record of the
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea the Portrait and Biographical
Ai-BDMOf this county has been prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and
taking therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, our
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their
enterprise and industry, brought the county to a rank second to none among those
comprising this great and noble .State, and from their lips have the story of their life
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli-
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the
imitation of coining generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men .and women, with an
influence extending througiiout the lengtii and breadth of the Land. It tells of men who
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have
liecome famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very
manv, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way,'' content
to liave it said of them as C^hrist said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — "they have done what
tiiej' could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country'^
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace
once more rein-ne<l in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not
be lost upon those who follow after.

Cominf oenerations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact
that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otherwise be
inaccessible. Gre.at care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers fl.atter them-
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In adilition to the biograph-
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given.

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the
information necessary to coinpile a sketch, while others were indiiferent. Occasionally some member of
the familj' would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made
at their residence or place of business.

ACME PUBLISHING CO.

Chicago, August, 188'.). i



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FIRST i" RESIDENT.



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wcie Augustine and Mary
(Ball) VVashingtun. TIil- family
to wliicii he belonged has not
been satisfactorily traced in
England. His great-grand-
father, John Washington, em-
igrated to Virginia about 1657,
and became a prosperous
* [ilanter. He had two sons,
Lawrence and John. The
former married Mildred Warner
and had three children, John,
Augustine and Mildred. Augus-
tine, the father of George, fiist
married Jane Butler, who buie
him four children, two of whom,
Lawrence and Augustine, reached
maturity. Of six children by his
second marriage, George was the
eldest, the others being Betty,
Samuel, Joiin Augustine, Charles
and Mildred.
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his
eldest son, Lawrence, he lieiiueathed an estate on
the I'atomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon,
and to George he left the parental residence. George
received only such education as the neighborhood
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left
school, when he received private instruction in
mathematics. His spelling v/as rather defective.



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Remarkable stories are told of his great physical
strength and develojunent at an early age. He wa;i
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair-
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life.

When George was i4yearsoldhe had a desire to go to
sea, and a midshi[(man's warrant was secured for him,
but through the ojiposition of his mother the idea was
abandoned. Two years later he was appointed
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. Li
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier
lile, gaining experience which afterwards [iroved very
essential to hiin. In 175 r, though only 19 years of
age, he was apiminted adjutant with the rank of
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for
active service against the French and Lidians. Soon
after this he sailed to the West Lidies with his brother
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health. They
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter
wiio did not long survive him. On her demise the
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George.

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddle, as Lieuten-
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia was
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili-
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac-
ce[)ted, which others had refused. This was lo pro-
ceed to the French jwst near Lake Erie in North-
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed
was Ijelween 500 and 600 miles. ^Vinter was at hand,
and the journey was to be made without military
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. The
-^ ^



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■^•-



GEORGE WASHINGTOX.



trip waa a perilous uiic, ami several limes he came near
losiiij; his hie, yet he returned in satety and furnished
a full and useful reiKjrt ot his exiK-'dition. A reginieul
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in loni-
mand of Col. Joshua Kry, and Major Washington was
commissioned lieulenanl-colonel. Active war was
then begun against the French and Indians, in whi( h
Washington look a most iinixjrtant part. In the
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad-
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer
of distiiiction who escajjed from the calamities of the
day with life and honor. Tlie other aiils of Hiaddock
were disabled early in the action, anil Washington
alone was left in that capacity on the held. In a letter
to his brother he says: "I hail four bullets through
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped
inihurt, tiiougl) death was leveliu', my companions
on every side." An Indian siiarpshooter said he was
not Ijorn to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit
him.

After having been five years in the military service,
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he
look advantage of the fall of Fort 1 )uiiuesne and ihe
cxpidsioi\ of the French from the valley of the Ohio,
10 resign his conniiission. Soon after he entered the
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an
active and im|)ortant part. January 17, 1759, he
niarried Mrs. Marlha (Dandridge) Custis, Ihe wealtliy
widow of John I'arke Custis.

When the British Parliament had closed the jwrt
if Boston, the cry went up throughout the |)rovinces
Ihat "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all."
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con-
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at I'iiila-
del[)hia,Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their lommon liberties,
peaceably if [xissilile. To tiiis Congress Col. Wash-
ington was sent as a ilelegale. On May 10, 1775, the
Congress re-assembled, wiien the hostile intentions of
Knglaiiil were plainly a|)parenl. The battles of Con-
cord and I,e,\ington had l)een fought, .\mong the
first acts of this Congress was the cleition of a cotu-
inandcr-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and
res|)onsible office was conferred U|ion Washington,
who was still a member of the Congress. He accepted
it on June 19, but uiwn the express condition that he
receive no salary. He would keep an exait account
of ex|>enses and ex|)ect Congress to pay them and
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch tfi
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country
were so long confided. The war was conducted by
him under every |X)ssible disadvantage, and while his
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion
and matchless skill lie g.iined liberty for the greatest
nation of earth. On Dec. 2,^, 178,^, Washington, in
a parting address of surpassing beauty, resigned his



r



commission as commander-in-ihief of the army to
to the Continental Congress sitting at .Amiaiiohs. lie
retired innnedialely to Mount N'eriion and resumed
his occupation as a larmer and planter, shunning .ill
connection wilh ]iiiblii: lile.

In February, 1 7. S9, Washington was unanimously
elected I'resiileiit. In his presidential career lit was
subject to the peculiar trials iiiciiient.il to a new
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the ])art
of other governmenls; trials from want ol harmony
between the dilfcreiit sections of our own country;
trials from the im|(Overished londition of the country,
owmg to the war and want of credit; trials from the
beginnings of jiarty strife. He was no partisan. His
clear judgment could discern Ihe golden mean; and
while i)erlia|)S this alone ke|)t our government from
sinking al the very outset, it left him ex|K>sed to
attacks from loth sides, which were often bitter and
very annojing.

At ihe expiration of his first term he was unani-
mously re-elected. Al the end of this tenn many
were anxious thai he be re-elected, but he absolutely
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of March,
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi-
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to ])ass tiiere
his few remaining yeais free Ironi tlie annoyances of
public life. Later in the year, however, his re|)Ose
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France.
.\t the prospect of such a war he was again urged to
take loininand nt tlie armies. He chose his sub-
ordinate officers .mil left to them the charge of mat-
ters in tlie field, which he superinter.iied fn)m his
home. In accejiting the conimaiul he ni.iiie llu-
reservation that he was not to be in the field until
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he tixik
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling
in his throat, iiroduced inflammation, and terminated
fatally on the night of the fourteenth, f hi the eigh-
teenth his body was borne wiih military honors to its
final resting place, ami interrcil in the family vault at
Mount Vernon.

Of the character of Washington il is iiiiiic)ssible to
sjieak but in terms of the highest respect and ad-
miration. The more we see of the ojierations of
our government, and the more deeply we feel the
tlilhcully of uniting all opinions in a common interes',
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal-
ent and character, which have been able to ihallenge
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na-
tions, and to will a fame as extended as the limits
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will
be as lasting as the existence of man.

The person of Washington was iinusally tali, erect
and well i)ro|Kirtioned. His niuscu'ar strength was
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetry.
He conunanded respect without any appearance of
haughtiness, and ever serious without being dull.

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SECOND PRESIDENT.



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OHN ADAMS, the second
,, ['resident and the first Vice-
' President of the United Slates,
was born in Braintree ( now
Quincy ),Mass., and about ten
miles from Boston, ( )i:t. 19,
1735. His great-grandfather, Henry
Adams, emigrated from England
about 1640, with a family of eight
\^\^ sons, and settled at Braintree. The
parents of John were John and
Susannah (Boylston) Adams. His
father was a farmer of limited
means, to which he added the bus-
iness of shoemaking. He gave his
eldest son, John, a classical educa-
tion at Harvard College. John
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the
school in \\^orcester, Mass. This lie found but a
"school of affliction," from which lie endeavored to
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He
had tliought seriously of the clerical profession
but seems to have been turned from this by what he
termed "the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun-
cils, of diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,''
of the operations of which lie had been a witness in
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal
profession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being
ready and lluent of speech, and having quick percep-
tive powers. He gradually gained practice, and in
1764 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister,
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his
marriage, (1765), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa-
tion turned him from law to politics. He took initial
steps toward holdin^ a town meeting, and the resolu-

A*



tions he offered on the subject became very [wpulai
tiiroughout tiie Province, and were adopted word for
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos-
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous
and prominent advocatesof the popular cause, and
was chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg-
lislature) in 1770.

Mr. Adams was chosen one of tiie first delegates
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congrets,
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himselt
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad-
vocated the movement for independence against tl;-;
majority of the members. In "May, 1776, he mcved
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies
should assume the duties of self-government. He
was a prominent member of the committee of Jive
appointed fune 11, to prejiare a declaration of inde-
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through
Congress in a three days debate.

On the day after the Declaration of Independence
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with th^
glow of excited feeling, lie wrote a letter to his wife
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday," he says, "t'ne
greatest question was decided that ever was debated
in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wil.
be decided among men. A resolution was passed
without one dissenting colony, ' that these L'nited
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde-
pendent states.' The day is passed. The fourtli of
July, 1776, will be a memorable eiocli in the history
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary
festival. It ought lo lieconimemoraled as the day of
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion lo .Almighty
God. It ought to be solernnized with jximp, shows.




-4^

24



JOHN ADAMS.



4



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games, Sj^rls, gnus, l>clls, Ixtiil'ircs, and illuiiiinatiuns
froiii one end of the continent to the otlier, Ironi this
lime forward for ever. \'oii will think me trans.|>orted
with enthusiasm, l»ul I am not. 1 am well aware of
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will tost to
maintain this declaration, and su|>|>ort and defend
these States; yet, through all li.e gloom, 1 can see the
rays of light and glory. 1 can see that the end is
worth more than all tlie means; and that |>oslerity
will lrium|)h, although you and I may rvic, wliii h 1
hope wc shall not."

In Novemlier, 1777. Mr. .\danis was apiiointed a
delegate to Frame and to co-i)|>eiate with Bemjamin
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in
the endeavor to olitain assistance in arms and money
from the French Government. This was a severe trial
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home,
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex-
|josed him to great peiil of capture l>y tlie British cruis-
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17,
1779, In September of the same year he was again
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi-
ness to negotiate a treaty of [KJace and of commerce
witli Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet
might be found willing to listen to such pio|iosels. He
sailed for France in November, from there he went to
Hollaiul, wliere lie negotiated ini[ortant loans and
formed iniixirtanl commercial treaties.

Finally a treaty of [jeace with Flngland was signed
Jan. 21, 17S3. The re-action from the excitement,
toil and an.\icty through which Mr. .\danis had passed
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con-
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he
was advised to goto England to drink the waters of
IJath. \Vhile in England, still droo|iinganddesi)oiKl-
ing, he received dispatches from his own government
urging the necessity of his going to .Amsterdam to
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was
delicate, yet he innnediately set out, and through
storm, on sea, on horseback and fool, lie made the trip.

February 24, 17S5, Congress ai)|K)inled Mr. Adams
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face
to face the King of England, who had so long re-
garded him as a traitor. As England did not
condescend to apixjint a minister to the United
States, and as Mr. .Adams felt that he was accom-
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to
his own country, where he arrived in June, 1788.

When Washington was first ( hosen President, John
.Adams, renderc<l illustiious by his signal services at
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President. .Again
at the second election of Washington as President,
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 179^), Wash-
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was
elected President, though not without nuichop]H)sition.
Serving in this office four vears.he was succeeded by
Mr. JelTerson, hisopixment in ]x>litics.

While Mr. .Adams was Vice President the great



French Revolution shook the continent of Europe,
and It was u|ion this jxiint which he w.is at issue uiih
the majority ot his countrymen led by Mr. Jelfersun.
Mr. Adams lelt no sympathy with the French |A;ople
in their struggle, for he had no confidence in their
jiower of sell-govermnent, and he utterly abhored the
classof atheist philosophers who he claimed caused it.
On the other li.uid Jef^er^on's sympathies were strongly
enlisted in beh.iifof the Frenc:h jieople. Hence or-
iginated the alienation between these distinguisheil
men, and two |>owerful parties were thus soon orgai,-
i/.ed, .Adams at the head of the one whose sym|iatliies
were with England and Jelferscui led the other in
sympathy with Frame.

The world has seldom seen a six-'ctai le of iiioie
moral beauty and grandeur, than was iireseiileil by the
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till
after death. No one could look Ujion his venerable
form, and think of what he had done and sulTered,
and'how he had given up all the prime and strength
of his life to the public good, without the deejiest
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar
good fortune to witness the complete success of the
institution which he had iieeii so active in creating and
supi)orting. In 1SJ4, his cup of happiness was filled
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest
station in the gift of the i>eople.

The fourth of July, 1S26, which comiileted the half
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde-
|)cndence, arrived, and there were but three of the
signers of that immortal iiistrumeiu left U|ion the
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is
well known, on that day two of these finished their
earthly pilgriiii?ge, a coincidence so remarkable as
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr.
Adams had been rapidlv failing, and on the morning
of tlie fourth he found himself too weak to rise from
his bed. On being renuested to name a toast for the
customary celebration of the day. he exclaimed " In-
nF.PKNUENCE FOREVKK." When the day was ushered
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons,
he was asked by one of his ;:tlendants if he knew
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor-
ious fourih of July — Gcxi bless it — God bless you all."
In the course of the tl.iv he said, " It is a great and
glorious day." The last words he uttered were,
"JelTerson survives." l?ut he had, at one o'clock, re-
signed his spiiit into the bands of his God.

The jiersonal appearance and manners of Mr.
.Adams were not particularly prei>osses-iing. His fate,
as his jKjrtrait manifests,was intellectual ard ex]ires-
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and his
manners were fre()ueiitly abrupt and itncoiirteoiis.
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nor
the engaging eleg.ince and gracefulness which marked
the manners and address of Jefferson.



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THIRD J'RKSIDENT.



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27







Til ©MAS J!




5IFFEIRS© _









HOMAS JEFFERSON was

born April 2, 1743, at Sliad-

°i^*well, Albermarle county, Va.

His [xarents were Peter and
Jane (Randolph) Jefferson,
the former a native of Wales,
and the latter born in Lon-
don. To them were born six
daughters and two sons, of
whom Thomas was tlie elder.
When 14 years of age his
father died. He received a
most liberal education, hav-
ing been kept diligently at school
from the time he was five years of
age. In 1760 he entered William
anil Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obodeof fashion
a.id s|)lendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17
years old, lived somewhat e>pensively, keeping fine
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yel ho
was earnestly devoted lo his studies, and irreproacha-
ablc in his morals. It is strange, however, under
such influences, that lie was not ruined. In the sec-
ond year of liis college course, moved by some un-
cx|)lained inward impulse, he discarded his horses,
society, and even his favorite violir .0 which he had
previously given much time. Heoften devoted fifteen
hours a day to hard study, allowing himself for ex-
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out



Online LibraryChicago Acme Publishing CompanyPortrait and biographical album of Rock County, Wisconsin, containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the governors of the state → online text (page 1 of 145)