Chicago Beers (J.H.) & Co..

Commemorative biographical record of New Haven county, Connecticut, containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens and of many of the early settled families .. (Volume 1, pt.3) online

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Online LibraryChicago Beers (J.H.) & Co.Commemorative biographical record of New Haven county, Connecticut, containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens and of many of the early settled families .. (Volume 1, pt.3) → online text (page 12 of 94)
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John Jordan, of Guilford, and died in 1683.

William Chittenden, son of Thomas, was mar-
ried twice. He died in 1738.

William Chittenden, son of Wilham, bom in
1706, married (first) Rachel White, of Middle-
town, and (second), Sarah Stevens. He died in
1786.

Jared Chittenden, son of William, born in 1734,
married (first) Deborah Stone, of Guilford, and
(second) Elizabeth \\'ard. daughter of Samuel
Dudley, of Guilford. He lived in North Guilford,



and died there in 1824. His children were all born
to his first marriage.

Deacon Levi Chittenden, son of Jared, born
May 21, 1762, married Hannah Johnson, of Wall-
ingford. They resided in North Guilford, where he
died Nov. 11, 1835, at the age of seventy-three, his
wife surviving ten years.

Jared Chauncey Chittenden, son of Deacon Levi,
born Aug. 27, 1709, in 1825 married Rowena
Barnes, of North Haven, born Nov. 27, 1806. They
had six children. 'Sir. Chittenden resided in North
Guilford, and died April 13, 1854, aged fifty-four.
He engaged in cabinetmaking all his life, and was-
considered one of the most capable workmen in
his locality. In politics he was a Whig. He was
known as an honest antl upright man, and although
he died in the prime of life had exerted much in-
fluence for good in his neighborhood, and was sin-
cerely lamented.

Levi Odell Chittenden, son of Jared Chauncey,
was born Sept. 28, 1844, and was but nine years
of age when left to face the world deprived of a
father's protection. His school days ended when-
he was ten years old, for at that time he endeavored
to provide for himself by working on a farm, and
then obtained a situation as clerk in the store of
E. M. Fuld, in North Haven, where he remained
until he was seventeen. In July, 1862, he came to
Guilford ai^.d enlisted in Company I, 14th Regiment.
under Col. Morris and Capt. I. R. Bronson, and
served in the 2d Army Corps until March, 1863,
participating in many engagements during that
time. The exposure and deprivations of army life
brought on troubles which caused his discharge for
disability, after a serious illness in hospital at Har-
per's Ferry and later at Frederick City, Md. Fol-
lowing his return from the war, where he had done
his duty as a soldier bravely, Mr. Chittenden en-
tered the employ of R. S. Chittenden, of East River,
as clerk in his store, and remained until 1877. Com-
ing back to Guilford he entered a shop, and re-
mained in that position for the succeeding ten years.
He then took up the trade of carpenter and joiner,
in which he became skillful, and for several years.
he was considered one of the most reliable men in
his line in the neighborhood. His work in this
line was put aside when he entered the real estate
office of William Sewarts. Later he accepted a po-
sition on the Consolidated Railroad, as brakeman
on passenger trains on the Shore Line, and con-
tinued thus until 1890, when he accepted a position
as engineer in the Spencer foundry, where for the
past eleven years he has filled with efficiency this
position of responsibility. His natural bent has
been in this direction, and in such work ability like
his is almost indispensable.

On Jan. 20, 1870, was celebrated the marriage
of Mr. Chittenden to Jeannette E. Hull, daughter
of William A. and Marv { Parmelee) Hull, of Guil-
ford. She died in 1888. On March 12, 1890, our
subject contracted a second marriage, with Miss



'V't- ;;: \\.\' ^i.



COMMEMORATIJ-E BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD.



827



Elizabeth Burr, who was born in Hacldam, a
daughter of Edward and EHzabeth (Laild) JJurr,
natives of Haddani, and both of old and prominent
families of Middlesex county. Xo children have
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Chittenden. Their home
is the abode of hospitality and sociability. Mrs.
Chittenden is a lady of many accomplishments and
high culture, and is highly esteemed in Guilford.
Mr. Chittenden is a member of the G. A. R., and
past conmiander of the post in Guilford, and has
held all the offices in that organization. In politics
he is a Republican. He is assessor of the town and
a member of the board of relief, and has taken an
important part in all public undertakings. Both he
and his wife are members of the Congregational
Church. ^Ir. Chittenden owns much valuable prop-
erty here, and the finest bowling alley in Guilford
belongs to him.

As a soldier our subject won the respect and
esteem of his comrades, as an employe of his em-
ployers, and as a public official of his fellow citi-
zens, and in every relation of life he has done well
his part. Thrown upon his own resources at so
tender an age, his success in life only emphasizes
what honesty, persistent effort and courage will ac-
complish.

WILLIA:M J. ERANCIS (deceased) was born
Oct. II, 1832, a son of William and Emily (Blakes-
lee) Erancis, and attended the schools in Walling-
ford, his native town. Growing up on the old
homestead, he remained at home until 1866, when
he went to ileriden and entered the office of the
Adams E.xpress Co. At ]Meriden he was also em-
ployed by the Britannia Co., and he remained in
that city until 1875, '" which year he came back to
North Earms, Wallingford, settling on the farm
\yhere his father was born, adjoining the family
homestead on which he was reared. There he spent
the remainder of his industrious and honorable life,
making many substantial improvements on the
place, and, investing over $9,000 in bringing the
farm up to modern ideas, soon had one of the most
attractive country homes in the town. A general
farmer and dairyman, he was a successful mana-
ger and a good business man. Simple and unosten-
tatious in his habits, he was devoted to his home
and upright in his life. He was a member of the
Grange, and much interested in everything that
pertained to the progress of farming, and was an
enterprising and thoughtful citizen. Mr. Erancis
died on his farm Dec. 4. i8c)5, and was buried in
the Wallingford cemetery. He was a half brother
of John Hall Erancis.

Lym.\n H. Er.\ncis, son of William J., was
born Eeb. i, 1S65, on the same farm as his father.
In due time he attended the local district school. In
1884 he was graduated from the Yale Business Col-
lege, and began his life work by assisting his fa-
ther on. the farm. A little later he went on the
road as a traveling salesman for the Reed Eertil-



izer Co., of New York, and after his father's death
he took charge of the family homestead, which con-
sists of 1 10 acres. He has devoted the land very
largely to market gardening, making many improve-
ments to fit the changed line of work. In August,
1898, a great loss befell him in the destruction by
fire of six farm buildings and a large crop of hay.
Since that time he has built a fine barn, adapted to
his business.

IMr. Erancis was married, in Glastonbury, Conn.,
April II, 1894, to Miss Lucy A. Talcott, a daugh-
ter of George and Lucy Ann Talcott, who are both
deceased. They have had two children, Walter Ly-
man and Mildred Lucy. Air. Erancis belongs to
Compass Lodge, A. E. & A. M., and with his wife
belongs to the Grange ; he was instrumental in the
organization of the Grange at Kensington. In re-
ligion Mrs. Erancis is an Episcopalian, and he is
not connected with any church, though a man of
strong feeling and deep convictions as to the right
and the true in daily living. A more complete his-
tory of the Erancis family appears in connection
with the sketch of John Erancis, elsewhere.

GEORGE T. BUSHXELL (deceased). The
family of Bushnell, whose name is well known
throughout the State of Connecticut, is of English
descent, and a majority of the members of the
branch to which ]\Ir. George T. Bushnell belonged
have been agriculturists. Both his parents were
born and both lived and died in Saybrook, where he
himself was born ^larch 4, 1815.

Taylor P. Bushnell, his father, was a farmer, as
well as a tanner and shoemaker. He served with
courage and gallantrj- during the W'ar of 1812, and
prior to the formation of the Republican party was
a stanch Whig in politics. Erom 1856 until his
death however, he acted with the party of Eremont
and Lincoln. He married Eannie Bull, a daugh-
ter of John Bull, a prosperous and highly respected
farmer of Saybrook, and at once settled upon a
farm in the same town. Three children were born
of this union — Erederick, Electa A., and George T.
The first born son, Erederick, has reached the ad-
vanced age of eighty-eight years, and after a life
of hard work spent in farming, has ceased active
labor to pass the remainder of his years in well-
earned, richly-merited rest. Electa A., the only
daughter, married Asa H. Rose, a joiner of Say-
brook, and died in 1897. Both Taylor P. Bushnell
and his wife w^ere devout and consistent members
of the Presbyterian Church.

George T. Bushnell passed his youth very much
as did other Connecticut fanners' sons in the first
third of the nineteenth century. Work upon the
farm alternated with attendance at the district
school, and so the years passed until he reached
the age of eighteen. He then learned the trade of
a turner and wood carver, and in 1836 — being then
twenty-one years old — removed from Saybrook to
Derbv. That citv was his home for sixty-four



828



COMMEMORATIVE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD.



years, and during- his longf and useful life after
reaching his majority, he carried on his business as
a turner, and added thereto that of a dealer in real
estate. He accumulated a handsome competence
and retired from business, devotinsj himself to the
loaning and investment of his capital. Though
long passed the limit of three-score years and ten,
which was allotted to man by the Psalmist "through
reason of strength," he was hale and well preserved
up to the time of his death, Sept. 14, igoo. Like his
father, he was a Whig in early life and later a
Republican. After 1838 he was actively and prom-
inently identified with the growth and work of the
Congregational Church in Derby. He held various
ofifices in the First Church of that city, and was s
deacon for more than a quarter of a century. In
recognition of his long and faithful service in that
capacity, no less than in acknowledginent of his
self-sacrificing labor in and liberal contributions to
the cause of Evangelical religion, he was made ar
Tionorary meml^er of the Board of Deacons, a dis-
tinction all the more valuable because so rarely con-
ferred. Deacon Bushnell attributed his long life
and the fact that his mental faculties remained un-
impaired, to his regular, abstemious mode of life.
He always championed the cause of temperance in
the highest and most comprehensive sense of that
term, and he himself was a living illustration of the
soundness of his plea. The closing years of his life
were passed in that serene peace befitting an octo-
genarian who looked back upon the past without
regret and forward to the future without fear.

In 1838 Deacon Bushnell was married to Mary,
daughter of Truman Gilbert, of Derby. The wife
of his youth remained by his side to the last, to com-
fort, to cheer and to sustain. Hand-in-hand they
had descended the western slope of life's hill, with
pleasant memories and unfaltering faith. One child
blessed their union : George F., who is engaged in
the real estate business in Bridgeport.

CHxWCY W. JUDD, now retired, is almost a
life-long resident of Waterbury, where he was born
June 27, 1824, of good old Connecticut stock, and
he is a highly respected citizen.

Stephen Tudd, grandfather of our subject, was
born in Wallingford, Conn., and died in W'aterbun.-,
in 1820. He served in the Revolutionary army,
and was wounded in the knee. William R.. his
son and the father of our subiect. was born in
Waterbury, May g, 1802. and died Dec. 30. 1873.
He learned the trade of shoemaker, but never fol-
lowed it, preferring that of stone mason, which very
Tiearlv was his life vocation. On Dec. 2, 1821, he
married Anna Brown, who was born in Waterbury,
Aug. 8, 1804, a daughter of Curtis Brown, a farmer
of Waterburv. She died in Xew Haven, Conn..
Feb. 24, 1878, the mother of two children: Chancy
W. and. }iliss Henrietta, the latter of whom was
born Dec. 12, 1832, in Xew York State, and is
making her home with her brother in Waterbury.



The father was first a Whig, later a Republican,
I and in religious faith he and his wife were Baptists.
Chancy W. Judd, our subject, was two years old
when his parents removed to ^lontgomery county,
X. Y., and was twelve when he returned with them
to W'aterbury, and consequently received his edu-
cation in both cities. At the age of fifteen he coni-
I menced work in the Scovill Rolling Mills, Watei-
[ bury, learning the trade of brass roller, and
; was employed there the greater part of the
j time for the long period of forty-seven years,
j or until 1885, since when he has lived retired.
He has lived on Hill street for four or five
years more than half a century, and has not
i married. In politics he is a Republican, and for
; four years he served his city on the police force.
He and his sister attend the services of the Con-
i gregational Church,

I CHARLES COUPLAXD, whose death oc-
; curred at his home in Seymour April z'^. igoi, was
i for twenty years one of the leading citizens of that
town, identified with the Tingue ^Manufacturing
: Co., and for fifteen years its treasurer and the man-
\ ager of the company's works at this point. He was
one of the most ingenious and practical manufac-
turers in the Xaugatuck \"alle\'.

Mr. Ccu'pland was born at Huddersfield. in York-
j shire. England, April 11, 1841, son of Robert and
i ^farv Coupland, and was the second of a family
of nine children. His father was a small woolen
manufacturer, but thoroughly skilled in his occu-
pation, and was considered an ingenious man. He
soon needed the services of his son, and when
; Charles was but seven years of age he was placed
at work in the factorv, where he labored in the day-
time, acquiringf what education he received by at-
: tendance at nieht schools. But he learned in the
twelve years that included his aoprenticeship in his
father's factory what proved of immense practical
benefit to him, every detail and all the intricacies_
and fine points pertaining to the manufacture of
j woolen goods. Having obtained his mechanical
\ knowledge he became, at the age of nineteen years,
i dissatisfied with the prospects in life, and in i860
j resolved to cast his lot in America. With others he
I emigrated to this country, and soon found work in
I the "Windemere mills, at Rockville. Conn. After
I working a short time as a second man in the card-
! ing room he was given charge of the department,
j and from that time all his service was in super-
visorv positions. In 1865 he went to Philadelphia,
Pa., where he was given charge of the carding and
spinning of the Baltic Mills. He thence went to
L'nion Village, Corui.. where he owned and operated
a custom woolen mill for several years. A year
later he removed to Burrville, Conn., where he also
engaged in business on his own account, in the man-
ufacture of woolen flocks, using a machine invented
bv himself, which very successfullv performed that
operation, doing as much work as five of the ma-



I


















^^-^ h, rC'Ki'^-^^^^




COMMEMORATIVE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD.



829.



chines previously used. In 1861) he sold out and
went to Templeton. Mass.; to take charge of the
well-known Otter River blanket mills, and went
from there to the woolen mills of Berry & Stanton,
at Woodville, R. I., each move bringing- an advance
in position and salary, and increasing his knowledge
of manufacturing.

In 1871 JMr. Coupland became the manager and
part owner of the mill at Thomaston, Conn., ope-
rated by the Plymouth Woolen Co., where he re-
mained until the mill was burned down, in the fall
of 1873. The corporation now determined to build
a worsted mill, and Air. Coupland was urged to
prepare himself to take charge of it. His experi-
ence had been confined to woolen goods, whose
manufacture differed from worsted goods, and this
necessitated new instruction, which was difficult to
obtain, as every mill kept a close guard of its secret
process. Determined to find an entrance into some
mill, even if he would have to do ordinary labor,
Mr. Coupland came to Sevmour, where he applied
for a place in the Kalmia Mills, at that time run for
the manufacture of worsted varns by Scheppers
Brothers, of Philadelphia, with Emil Alartines as
superintendent. He was told the only place vacant
was tliat of engineer, and if he was competent he
could take that. He knew but little of the work
of an engineer, but accepted the place at S3 per day,
and bv diligent attention to his w^rk soon succeeded
in giving good satisfaction. He remained nine
niontlis, and in that period learned all he wanted to
know about worsted. In the meantime the death of
Lucius P. Porter, of the Plymouth Co., had disar-
ranged the plans of the corporation, which decided
not to rebuild. Air. Coupland now sought a new
field of labor, and applied to A. T. Stewart for the
position of general superintendent of his numerous
woolen mills, receiving the appointment, at a very
large salary, in the fall of 1874. He entered upon
his new duty to the great surprise of his acquaint-
ances at Seymour, who could not imagine how a
man who had been so recently a workman in an
engine room in their midst could possibly fill that
place. When Mr. Coupland took charge of the
Stewart interests but four of the thirteen woolen
mills in four different States were running, but
sc-on every mill was profitably operated, giving em-'
ployment to over 10,000 people. In this service he
remained six years.

In 1880, while still in the employ of A. T. Stew-
art, Mr. Coupland invented a new and exceedingly
speedy way to weave mohair pile goods, which he
determined to utilize in a factory of his own, with
the aid of interested capital. At this time he was
introduced to John H. Tingue, a wealthy dry-goods
merchant of Xew York, who consentecl to embark
with him in this new enterprise, Mr. Coupland
agreeing to devise, construct and place in operation
all the nccessan.- machinery. Air. Tingue to see that
there was no lack of capital. Looking about for a
suitable site for the factory, they came to Seymour



and bought the Kalmia, or old Eagle Silk Alill, in
1880, and the work of building the machinerv was
begun by Air. Couplaml. From that time until his
death he was the genius which inspired and success-
fully directed the Tingue Alanufacturing Co. at Sey-
mour. The corporation was formed in 1881, and the
same year the work of manufacturing plush goods
was begun. The process was a radical departure
from all former methods, and not only was this the
pioneer mill in America in this line of industry, but
for five vears the sole occupant of this especial
field.

Of this mill and its operations the American.
Macliinist said in 1885 :

I had the pleasure, a few weeks ago, of looking
through the plush manufactory at Seymour, Connecticut,
i through the courtesy of the president of the company,
] Mr. J. H. Tingue. and under the guidance of Mr. Coup-
I land, the superintendent, whose inventive turn of mind.
I backed up by his indomitable perseverance and e.xceptional
j executive ability, has accompHshed wonders in the last
j four years. Indeed, to pass through the different depart-
i ments, as I did. and listen to the explanations of differ-
I ences between the methods and machinery employed by
the Tingue Company, and those employed by inanufac-
turers of similar goods, both here and in foreign countries,
with the advantages claimed both in quantity and quality
of production, and be told that the machinery had been
invented, designed and built by themselves, while to the
question, "How long has it taken ?" came the answer,
"Four years," was to me a genuine surprise. To the
enterprise, perseverance, inventive and mechanical ability
i which have left their imprint all through this truly model
establishment I feel that I have no words in which to pay a
fitting tribute. Through the successful establishment of
this industry — the manufacture of mohair plush — is opened
up a new and profitable industry in the raising of the
Angora goat, wliich has already been found to be a sure
source of profit in some parts of the Southern States,
where sheep raising has proved a failure. The beautiful
silky fleeces of these animals, with a fiber of six or seven
to nine or ten inches long — and in extreme cases, I am
told, it is found eighteen inches in length — are by the in-
genious machinery of the Tingue Company carried from
one stage of manufacture to another till two sheets of
plush in one, joined by the pile of each, await the services
of the ingenious splitting machine of Mr. Coupland, who,
with the inspiration of American air for the past score
of years, could not be satisfied with the old way in use
abroad of weaving over wires, which, by withdrawing, cut
the pile and separate the two sheets, but has invented a
machine the ofiice of which is to split in the most accurate
manner, and in an entirely automatic way, any width or
length of plush goods. Not only is the operation of
splitting performed automatically, but the knives which do
the work are automatically ground while working, and
so kept sharp. Enough might be said of this place to fill
a volume, but, wishing to be careful not to violate any
I confidence, I have simply to say I am truly grateful, while
I I feel — and I think every .American citizen should —
that many thanks are due to these pioneers in an in-
dustry which promises to become one of the greatest im-
portance, not simply in a manufacturing sense, but to the
landowner in a large section of the country.

Subsequently much other labor-saving machin-
ery was added by Air. Coupland, much of which he
I invented, and he had thirty patents awarded him for
j machinery to be used in the manufacture of plush
1 goods. The mill and entire plant superintended by



!>r "i;



«30



COMMEMORATIVE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD.



him was a model of neatness, order, and the adapta-
tion of tlie best means to obtain the best results,
showing that 'Sir. Coupland also had tine adminis-
trative ability as well as inventive talent, which gave
him a place among the foremost mill men of the
country.

Mr. Coupland was a public-spirited citizen and
responded generously to appeals for contributions
for the advancement of local enterprises. He espe-
cially gave liberally for the public library, and only
a couple of weeks before his death, when the editor
of the Record asked him what would be the charge
for the use of the opera house two evenings, for an
entertainment for the benefit of the public library,
immediately replied, "Xothing if it is for the benefit
€)f the library." He was especially interested in the
proposed electric road to Ansonia, which he believed
would be for the good of the public. He was the
leader in the formation of the Tingue Manufactur-
ing Co., which for twenty years has carried on the
manufacture of plush goods here, one of the leading
industries of the place. The political affiliations of
Mr. Coupland were with the Democratic party, buit
in no sense was he a partisan. He was a prominent
Freemason and belonged to the Order of Elks.

At a special meeting of the directors of the
Tingue Manufacturing Co., held in Seymour on
Saturday, April 27, iqoi, the following minute con-
cerning the death of ]\Ir. Coupland was adopted
and passed :

The directors of this company have learned with deep
regret and sorrow of the death of their fellow director,
Charles Coupland, which occurred at his home in Sey-
mour on the 25th day of .\pril, looi.

Mr. Coupland has been connected with this company
since its organization in lS8r. From its beginning he has
been one of its directors and the superintendent of its
manufacturing business. Since 18S5 he has been its treas-
urer and the general manager of its affairs in Seymour. He
from the first, has given to its service his time and his
talents unstintedly, and his experience and technical skill
and ability in all that pertained to the business of manu-
facturing have been of great value to the corporation. In
his death the corporation loses a valuable and faithful
servant whom it can ill spare at this time: and we, his
fellow directors, have lost a friend and trusted adviser
whose genial presence at our meetings we shall greatly
miss.

We tender to his family our warmest sympathy in
their sorrow over this sudden and sad bereavement. 1



Online LibraryChicago Beers (J.H.) & Co.Commemorative biographical record of New Haven county, Connecticut, containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens and of many of the early settled families .. (Volume 1, pt.3) → online text (page 12 of 94)