NO CAUSE ANYTHING TO LOSE." (Capitals are the Editor's.)
President Henry Wade Rogers or the Northwestern Univer-
sity, at The Sunset Club, Chicago, December 20, '94, said:
"Speaking for myself, I cannot but deplore the fact that the
book which has shaped the laws, the civilization, the literature,
the music and the art of Europe and America, cannot be read
in the public schools of Chicago. The schools of the
state can and should show that respect for religion which is
implied in reading from the word of God." In a per-
sonal letter to the President of the Educational Union he
writes: " I most unreservedly endorse this work
believing that the principles of morality should be thus im-
pressed on the minds of our youth to their own good and the
good of the commonwealth. * I can see no possible
harm from the use of such a book, and I believe that all good
people should favor its introduction into our schools."
President John M. Coulter, Lake Forest University, writes :
"Your work has been admirably done, and any objection to the
use of such a book in the schools can only come from a vision
which is narrower than any denominational creed. It is of
Sketch of the Work. ix
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supreme importance that the noblest sentiments be constantly
brought to the attention of children, and to banish a book which
contains by far the greatest collection of them, is educational
Prof. Richard G. Moulton, professor of English Literature
in the University Extension Department of the University of
Chicago has rendered valuable service in suggesting the style
which the selections should take for the largest results in the
schools. He writes: "With your aim I heartily sympathize."
Third. RELIGIOUS PEOPLE.
A. The Hebrews.
Rabbi K. Kohler writes: " I cannot but express my sympa-
thy with the movement. It offers to teachers a safe guide for
the opening exercises. It is broad, universal and elevating,
and will be much better than any indiscriminate selection from
the Bible by teachers."
Rabbi H. Percira Mendez and Rabbi M. Mielziner by con-
tributing to a similar work have indicated their approval of the
general plan of readings from the Bible for schools.
Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch expresses his appreciation of the
Bible in the following words : "I do not yield to its most de-
voted lover in reverance for the good book."
Rabbi A. Norden, Congregation of the North Side, writes:
" Moral and ethical training should alway accompany secular
education. I therefore favor the introduction of such a book
in our public schools, but the instruction must never be of a
Noble Jewish women also have given their approval of this
movement, and who in business circles, could be more repre-
sentative of the Hebrew people than Emanuel Mandel who
expressed himself as happy to serve this cause by signing the
memorial adding" Such reading will not hurt anyone."
B. Evangelical or Protestant Christianity hails this move-
ment and rejoices in the general approval of the Book of Scrip-
Dr. Edward P. Goodwin writes : " I have examined with
much interest the selections from the Bible prepared for use in
our public schools. I think them most excellent. Indeed I
do not see how anyone who feels interested in having our youth
established in habits of truth, purity, uprightness, unselfishness
and goodness, can possibly fail to see the value of such high
standards as these selections offer, continually set before the
mind and heart of those who are to shape and determine the
Readings from the Bible.
future of our country. What our city and our land preemi-
nently needs is men and women of the type that such standards
go to make. And it ought not to be an objection to them but
on the contrary, a weighty reason for their approval that they
come to us with an authority that the originators of our free
institutions, as well as of oitr system of public education, held to
be divine. ' If we and our children will obey its
behests it will anchor us in those divine conditions of truth and
righteousness and virtue which are the supreme hope of a free
Dr. Thos. C. Hall writes the Educational Union as follows :
"It has been a great pleasure for me to look through the
selections made from the Bible and intendea for the use of
public schools, should it be possible to secure such Bible read-
ings in them. It is difficult to see how anyone can object to the
reading of such selections as are here gathered together. It is
a melancholy reflection to think how much of the noblest liter-
ature the world has ever known should be a region left in mists
and darkness for hundreds of thousands because the Bible has
not been made familiar to them. And English literature rests
so largely upon it that without a competent knowledge of the
English Bible, Milton, Tennyson and Goldsmith are locks
without a key. Simply as a key to English literature, the Bible
ought to be studied in our public schools. No student of the
marvellous beauties of Arabic literature would dare undertake
the study of that literature without some competent knowledge
of the Koran, and surely if we set our students of Arabic liter-
ature to the study of the Koran there is much more reason that
students of English literature should know something of the
English Bible which has given to our modern language some
of its highest inspirations."
Rev. W. T. Meloy states that : " High education in matters
moral may be left to the church, but the state is bound to give
all its citizens a chance to learn the rudiments of morality.
* When we admit that the state should provide for
the morals of its citizens, and yet demand that the Bible the
text book on morality be removed from the public schools we
Bishop Samuel Fallows writes, voicing this general senti-
ment : " I have looked over with very great interest the selec-
tions which have been made from the Bible for use in public
schools. I can most heartily commend them as being judiciously
chosen, and in every way adapted to carry out the laudable
design of the Chicago Woman's Educational Association. I
look upon the effort made to put these selections in the schools
Sketch of the Work. xi
as one of the most important movements of the day, and feel
more than delighted that such unanimity of opinion exists
regarding its value and benefit."
Dr. Josiah Strong, of New York, President Evangelical
Alliance, Drs. F. W. Gunsaulus, T. C. Hall, Theo. N. Morrison,
H. W. Thomas, Theo. F. Wright, J. N. Barrows, President C.
A. Blanchard and Prof. Herrick Johnson, have shown their
appreciation of the work by making selections for it, while
many others, such as Drs. J. L. Withrow and N. D. Hillis, have
urged its claims from the pulpit.
C. The Catholic Church.
While our beloved Prof. David Swing named a committee,
composed of Catholic, Jew, Protestant, the illustrious advocate
of good-will to man and a representative of the Educational
Union, to attend to the numerous and important minor questions
connected with this book, the scholarly Archbishop, P. A.
Feehan, named its real compiler when he said that " Chicago
had sufficient talent to prepare its own book of selections."
CHICAGO, in the person of many of its foremost clergymen,
assisted by editors and other professional men, also by its noble
and intellectually trained women, its Mayors, members of the
Board of Education and other officers, its business men and its
metropolitan press, is the real editor and director of this
The Catholic Church may well be pleased with the thought
of their Archbishop, which resulted in sending the Educational
Union forth to secure the results of the experience and wisdom
of Chicago for the public school children. Following his ex-
ample, Drs. Riordan, McGuire and other Chicago clergymen
contributed helpful words. Outside of our city, the interest
and courtesy of Monsignor Satolli has been a real source of
refreshment. He wrote, after examining the original volume,
to the president of the Educational Union as follows : "It gives
me sincere pleasure to see that day by day the persuasion is
spreading, that the education of the young without some
definite element of morality and religion must result in failure
so far as the real usefulness of education is concerned."
Cardinal Gibbons wrote from his Baltimore residence,
among other important statements, the following : " The men
and women of our day who are educated in our public schools
will, I am sure, be much better themselves and will also be
able to transmit to their children an inheritance of true virtue
and deep morality if at school they are brought to the knowl-
edge of Biblical facts and teachings."
xii Readings from the Bible.
After the examination of this book Archbishop Ireland, of
St. Paul, said : " I sympathize with this movement in every
Want of space prevents our quoting from others whose
names occupy places of honor in the church, who rejoice to
endorse this movement.
Fourth. BUSINESS MEN.
Those giants in mercantile and industrial pursuits, whose
heads and hands grapple the practical questions of profit and
loss with magical success, also see the key to larger beneficial
results in our schools by the cordial use of this volume of
readings from the Bible. Among these grand men one may
recognize the names of Marshall Field, J. V. Farwell, Jr., C. H.
Case, William A. Amberg, W. P. Rend, C. M. Henderson, Z. S.
Holbrook, and others, no less distinguished.
Fifth. THE DAILY PAPERS.
Of the extremely valuable assistance of our Metropolitan
Press, what can be said? The papers speak for themselves.
In addition to their many recent utterances, in behalf of this
movement, notice the following quotations from their dignified
editorial columns concerning the memorial which is found on
pages i and 2.
" There is nothing in that prayer (the Lord's Prayer) that
cannot be made the aspiration of every soul that believes in
God and all children believe in God ; they cannot but believe
in him. Atheism is a warping of the soul that is not a disease
of childhood. And there is no aspiration of that prayer that
does not tend to the betterment of mind and body." 7 he Inter
"The petition declares, what few will now deny, that 'reli-
gion in the sense of doctrines and creeds belongs to the church;
but religion in the sense of high character and good citizenship
also belongs to a proper system of education. 1 The position is
so well taken that it disarms all except the most captious criti-
cism. * * ' There seems to be no good or valid reason
why the schools may not teach morals and religion without
trenching upon the domain of the churches or of sectarianism."
'Such a memorial should carry great weight with it when
presented to the Board of Education for adoption, as it will be.
unquestionably in pursuance of the laudable purpose to free
the schools from dogma and to avoid trenching upon creeds
and offending religious denominations the school authorities
Sketch of the IVork. xiii
have swung clear to the other extreme and have stripped the
process of education of everything that tends to inculcate hon-
esty, honor, morality, and the qualities of good citizenship,
which certainly are essentials of the highest purposes of educa-
tion. The Board of Education should give this memorial im-
mediate and favorable consideration when it is presented,
'thereby fixing in the minds of the children the vital, spiritual
principles on which good citizenship and the future welfare of
our country so largely depend.' There is no higher responsi-
bility resting upon Boards of Education and teachers than
that of making good citizens out of the rising generation. So
far as lies in their power, a praiseworthy work is being done in
the schools, looking to a higher standard of patriotic citizenship.
Now let us have something done for morality and high personal
character. This once accomplished, patriotism will follow of
necessity." The Tribune.
The Tribune has recently (February 16, 1896) sent out, edi-
torially, ardent words in commendation of this book. It states:
"Anything in the domain of religion which originated with Prof.
Swing, and has received the approval of men so widely differ-
ing in their creeds as the Rev. Dr. Barrows, Rabbi Felsenthal,
Cardinal Gibbons, and Mr. Mangasarian, must attract favorable
attention, not only in Chicago but throughout the Christian
"The book is precisely what might have been expected from
a corps of editors of such learning, wisdom and experience.
They have without doubt produced a collection of Bible Read-
ings rich in morality and virtue and in the elements of all re-
ligion. * * It breathes everywhere the love of God and
the love of man. * Its literary merit also is so con-
spicuous it cannot fail to excite universal admiration." The
"While there will doubtless be opposition to the introduction
of the text-book of biblical excerpts into the public schools,
common candor impels the statement that it is difficult to dis-
cern upon what argument such antagonism could be based.
Surely a compilation of scriptural verses that embody the
highest moral precepts, free from any suggestion of dogma or
creed, collected by such men as Dr. J. H. Barrows, W. J.
Onahan and C. C. Bonney, and published in a neat little text-
book for short daily readings in the public schools, either indi-
vidually or in unison, could not be objectionable to Protestants,
Catholics, Jews, Buddhists or Agnostics." Times- Herald, Feb.
"We cannot make men good by state laws or city ordinances.
xiv Readings from the Bible.
All intelligent people recognize the need of moral training to
fix the idea of right and wrong in the youthful mind."
"The Bible furnishes the best ground-work for a perfect
scheme of ethics. Its teachings are the basis of law and order.
The laws that have been passed for the government of men
and for the protection of individual rights are imperfect and
inhuman unless they conform to the general spirit of the teach-
ings of Christ. "
"There is no tenable objection to the biblical text-book on
morals. Any teacher who would misuse its precepts or take
advantage of the book to instill any denominational dogmas
into the minds of the pupils is not worthy to teach in the public
schools." Times-Herald, February 16, 1896.
What more need be said? Yet testimonies come flooding in
upon us from many parts of the United States and from beyond
the sea; from the records of the past and from the electric flashes
of the present.
Pope Pius the VI in 1778 wrote commending the Arch-
bishop of Florence who had just issued a new translation of the
Scriptures: " You judge exceedingly well, that the faithful
should be excited to the reading of the Holy Scriptures, for
these are the most abundant sources which ought to be open to
every one, to draw from them purity of morals and of doctrine,
to eradicate errors which are so widely disseminated in these
Dr. E. D. Morris writes: "The public school, if it is to
prove a blessing, must instruct its pupils in sound morals and
in religious truth as well as give shape and vigor to their intel-
lectual life. * * No teacher, no human system or culture
can for a moment compare with the Bible itself, without note
or comment, as a source and fount of religious knowledge and
of moral quickening. On a fair trial of public
opinion only a very small minority of the patrons of our school
system would be found to be seriously or conscientiously averse
to the right reading of this book in our schools.
The peace and comfort of our homes, the integrity and good
order of society, the maintenance of civil government, even the
preservation of our type of civilization, depend very largely
on the training of the young at school as well as at home,
in that one volume from which the best elements in our modern
life have so obviously flowed."
" Our Republic in its constitution and laws is of heavenly
origin. It was not borrowed from Greece or Rome. Where
we borrowed a ray from Greece or Rome, stars and suns were
borrowed from another source, the Bible." Dr. Lyman Beecher.
Sketch of the Work. xv
" My hope for the perpetuity of our institutions has rested
upon Bible morality. It is an element on which free
government may be maintained through all time." Judge
" The religion of the Bible is not a theory or system of
thought. It is a view of life." Bishop Spaulding.
"All great ages have been ages of belief." Emerson.
"What can be done with a people who are their own mas-
ters, if they are not submissive to Deity?"
" Despotism may govern without faith, but liberty cannot."
" Force without is despotism. Force within is religion."
TITLES AND REFERENCES.
I. The Two Great Commandments. Mark 12:30-31 17
II. Young Children Blessed. Mark 10:13-16 - 17
III. Morning and Evening Meditations. Psalm 3:5;
139:17, 18; 5:3, 4; 139:23,24; 4:8; 5:11 - - 18
IV. Rewards of Diligence. Prov. 10:4; 12:24; 21:5;
22:29; 28:19-20 - - 19
V. The Lord's Prayer. Matt. 6:9-13 - 20
VI. The Lord My Protector. Psalm 23 21
VII. Gems From Proverbs. Prov. 10:19; 10:21-23;
28:19-20; 12:19-22; 11:11, 12, 18; 11:1 21
VIII. A Contrast. Psalm i - 23
IX.. A Short Story. Eccl. 9:14, 15 23
X. Depart from Evil and do Good. Psalm 34:11-22 24
XI. Sentiments. Eccl. 11:6; 11:1-2; 11:7; 11:4; 9:18 25
XII. Proverbs. Prov. 22:1-6, 9, 10 25
XIII. A Patient, Forgiving, Generous Father. Luke
15:10-15, 17-24 26
XIV. Protection and Deliverance. Psalm 34:1-10 - 27
XV. Words of Cheer. Psalm 46:1-3; Isaiah 26:2-4;
XVI. Joyous Spring. Solomon's Song 2:11-13 - 29
XVII. Reward of Benevolence. Psalm 41:1-2; 131:1;
Isaiah 32:8 - 29
XVIII. Gratitude. Psalm 100 - 30
XIX. Man, God's Representative on Earth. Psalm 8 30
XX. The Ten Commandments. Ex. 20:3-17 - -31
XXL The King of Glory. Psalm 24:1-5, 7-10 33
XXII. Causes for Thanksgiving. Psalm 147:1, 3, 4, 5-9,
11-18 - - 33
XXIII. The Blessed. Matt. 5:3-12 - 35
XXIV. Rewards of Obedience. Prov. 3:1-6 - 35
XXV. The Voice of the Lord. Psalm 29:1-5, 7, 8, 11 36
XXVI. Joseph's Dreams. Gen. 37:3-14 - 37
XXVII. Joseph in Trouble. Gen. 37:15-24. - 38
XXVIII. Joseph Sold into Slavery. Gen. 37:25-36 39
XXIX. Pharaoh's Dreams. Gen. 41:1-16 - - 40
XXX. The Interpretation of the Dreams. Gen.
41:17-36 - 42
XXXI. Joseph in Honor. Gen. 41:38-45 - 43
XXXII. The Famine in Egypt. Gen. 41:46-57 - 44
XXXIII. Joseph's Brethren Go to Egypt. Gen. 42:3-6,
8-9, 17-25 - 45
XXXIV. Joseph Makes Himself Known to his Breth-
ren. Gen. 43:1-2, 13-14, 16-17,27-28; 45:4,
9-11,25-28 - - 47
XXXV. Jacob and His Family Live in Egypt. Gen.
47:1, 5-6, 7-10; 50:1, 15-22 48
XXXVI. Heroic Aims, i Tim. 6: 6-12 - 50
XXX VI I. A Father's Instruction to His Son. Prov.
4:3-25- - 50
XXXVIII. Help the Poor Gladly. Deut. 15:7-8, 10, n 52
XXXIX. Humility. Luke 14:7-11 - 53
XL. The Righteous Man. Psalm 15. - 53
XLI. What Shall the Harvest Be? Gal. 6:7-9. - 54
XLII. Gracious Words. Isaiah 32:17; 54:10 - 54
XLIII. Justice. Psalm 9:7-10, 18 54
XLIV. A Hymn of Thanksgiving. Psalm 146 - 55
XLV. A Statesman's Supplication. I Kings 8:57,58 56
XLVI. Ancient Laws. Ex. 22:1-3, 22, 23, 25; 23:1-2,
23:7-9; Deut. 24:14, 15 - 56
XLVI I. Idle Words. Matt. 12:34-37. Psalm 119:163 57
XLV I II. Proverbs. Prov. 20:1, 3-7, 9-11 58
XLIX. Pure Religion. James 3:26, 27 - 59
L. Right Thoughts. Phil. 4:8 - -59
LI. Sin Results in Sorrow. Hosea 4:1-7 59
LI I. The New Law. Matt. 5:43-48 60
LIII. A Wakeful Protector. Psalm 121 60
LIV. Praise. Psalm 150; 113:3 - - 61
LV. The Great Commandment. Deut. 6:5-7 62
LVI. Solemn and Joyful Thoughts for the New
Year. Psalm 90:1, 2, 4, 9, 10, 12 ,14-17 - 62
LVII. Wonders of Nature. Job 36:26-28, 37:5-13,
14-16, 18, 22-23 - -63
LVIII. Proverbs. Prov. 27:1-12 - 65
LVIX. The Heavens Above and the Law Within.
Psalm 19:1-4, 6-19 - - 66
LX. Love's Faithfulness: Wisdom's Results. Prov.
LXI. Recognition of our Ruler. Psalm 65 69
LXII. The Sower, the Seed and the Earth. Matt.
13:3-9; 13:18-23 .... 70
LXIII. Laws of Righteousness. Lev. 19:30-37; Zech.
LXIV. Contrasts. Prov. 11:1-14 - 72
LXV. Confession and Contrition. Psalm 51:1-2,
10-17 - - 74
LXVI. The Source of Help. Jer. 17:5-11, 14 75
LXVII. The Call to Righteousness. Matt. 9:10-13 - 76
LXVIII. Proverbs. Prov. 15:1-16 - 76
LXIX. Practical Instruction. Prov. 15:17-33 - 78
LXX. Our Best Friend. Psalm 145 - * 79
LXXI. Faithfulness. The Story of Ruth I. Ruth
1:1-11, 14-18 - 80
LXXI I. Faithfulness. The Story of Ruth II. Ruth
1:22,2:1-12 - - 82
LXXIII. The Omnipotence and Omnipresence of God.
Psalm 139:1-12 - 84
LXXIV. The Two Houses. Matt. 7:24-27 - -85
LXXV. Secret Prayer. Matt. 6:5-8. - - 85
LXXVI. The Providence of God. Psalm 33:11-22 - 86
LXXVII. Eager Longings. Psalm 42:1-2, 8- n - 87
LXXVIII. The Mines. Job 28:1-11 - 87
LXXIX. The Value of Wisdom. Job. 28:12-28 - 88
LXXX. A Call to All in Need. Isaiah 55 89
LXXXI. A Glad Mission. Isaiah 61:1-2 91
LXXXII. Alms Giving. Matt. 6:1-4. - - 91
LXXXIII. The Good Samaritan. Luke 10:25-37 - 92
LXXXIV. Our Father's Mercy. Psalm 103:8-18; Eccl.
12:13; Psalm 111:10 - 93
LXXXV. Samuel's Integrity. I Sam. 12:1-5, 23-24 - 94
LXXXVI. Personal Responsibility. Ezek. 18:19-28,
30-32 - 95
LXXXVII. The Divine Ruler. Psalm 72:1-14 97
LXXXVIII. Fidelity Rewarded. Matt.25:i4-2o - 98
LXXXIX. A Song of Courage and Triumph. Psalm
27:1-6 - - 09
XC. A Supplication. Psalm 27:7-12 - 100
XCI. Prosperity the Reward of Obedience. Deut.
11:13-23 - 101
XCII. The Two Brothers. Gen. 4:2-12 102
XCIII. Cause of National Calamity. Jer. 5:21-31 - 103
XCIV. Works of Iniquity. Isaiah 59:1-4, 6-19 104
XCV. The Duties of Patriotism. Rom. 13:1-10 106
XCVI. A Glorious Future. Micah 4:1-7 108
XCVII. The Two Great Commandments. Matt.
22:37-40 - 109
XCVIII. The Source of Power, Wisdom and Joy.
Psalm 119:97-105 - - 109
XCIX. Wisdom's Call. Pro v. 8:1-36 - no
C. Good Resolutions for a Ruler. Psalm
101:1-7 - 113
CI. The Ideal Woman. Prov. 31:10-31 - 113
CII. Contemplation of Character and Law.
Psalm 119:1-13, 29-37 - 115
CIII. Faith, Rest, Peace. Psalm 37:3-11 - 117
CIV. From the Farewell of Moses. Deut. 30: 11-20,
31:6 - 118
CV. Honorable Conduct Required Under All
Circumstances. Matt. 24:42-51 - 119
CVI. The Lord's Portion is His People. Deut.
32:1-14 - 120
CVII. Glorious in Holiness. Rev. 4:8; Matt. 5:16;
Rev. 21:3-4; i Chron. 29:11; Ex. 15-11;
Isaiah 6:3 - - 121
CVIII. Righteous Laws. Lev. 19:3-4, 11-18 122
CIX. Peace and Blessing for the Upright. Psalm
112:1-7; Isaiah 33:15-16 - 123
CX. The God of Nature. Psalm 104 - 124
CXI. Rules of Conduct. Rom. 12:8-21 - 127
CXII. A Final Resort in Trouble. Psalm 142:1-7 128
CXIII. Proverbs. Prov. 14:23-34 - 129
CXI V. Yearnings for the Place of Worship. Psalm84 130
CXV. The Glory that shall be Hereafter. Isaiah 35 131
CXVI. The City of God. Isaiah 60:1-2, 17-22 - 132
CXVII. Works of Repentance. Luke 3:10-14 - 133
CXVIII. The Open Message. Isaiah 45:18-19; 48:16-18;
John 18:20 134
CXIX. Leviathan. Job 42 - - 134
CXX. The Shipwreck, and Rescue of Paul. Acts
27:9-20, 27-29, 39-4 137
CXXI. Grief Because of a False Friend. Psalm
55:6-8, 12-14, 16-22 - - 139
CXXII. They Shall Be My People. Jer. 31:28-34;
Matt. 7:7-11 140
CXXIII. Faithful Instructors; Repentance. Ezek.
3:18-21; 33:8, 19 - 142
CXXIV. Value of Hope. Psalm 31:24; Lam. 3:26;
Rom. 8:24-25 - - - 144
CXXV. Advice to an Entertainer. Luke 14:12-14 - 144
CXXVI. Trouble and Deliverance. Job 5:6-23, 26 - 145
CXXVII. Cease to do Evil: Learn to do Well. Isaiah
1:16-27 - 147
CXXVIII. The Parable of the Excuses. Luke 14:15-24 148
CXXIX. The Deliverer. Psalm 18:1-32, 35-36, 46 149
CXXX. The Bearer of Sorrow, Weakness and Sin.
Isaiah 53 152
CXXXI. The Voice in the Wilderness. Isaiah 40:3-8,
10-15, 17 - 153
1 6 Contents.
CXXXII. The Holy One. Isaiah 40:21-31 154
CXXXIII. Reconciliation and Forgiveness. Matt. 18:
15-17,21-22 - - 156
CXXXIV. Personal and National Sin Brings Calamity.
Amos 5 7-15 - 156
CXXXV. Man Proposes; God Disposes. Luke 12:13-21 158