Chintaman Vinayak Vaidya.

History of mediæval Hindu India (being a history of India from 600 to 1200 A.D.) .. (Volume 1) online

. (page 33 of 38)
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the Kailakila or Kainkila Yavanas requires to be specially
noticed. It has the following passage in Amsa 4 chap.



352 THE FIRST HINDU KINGDOMS

^^cTR: I acT^Jlfr 3T^^^g^ 57;':q=T?T 50YT2? ^r^ 1^*1 ^.iil W^ tTcT T

5ltl^* Tr?f ^'T^i^ '?I=rqfl% i^TcT^Tt vn%^=?n% " l Now in this quota-
tion the Yavanas are twice mentioned and at a long
interval. We should, therefore, take the first 8 Yavana
kings as the Greco-Bactrian kings of the Panjab who
ruled before the Christian era. The Turushkaras are proba-
bly the Yue-chi. Who the Mundas were and who the
Maunas it is not yet explained by any person but we shall
try later on to discover it. The rule of all these covered
1090 years. When they were overthrown the Kailakila
Yavanas ruled the earth. Their first king was Vindhya-
sakti* and he was followed by 2 Puranjaya 3 Ramachan-
dra 4 Dharmavarman 5 Vanga 6 Nandana 7 Sunandin
8 Nandiyasah and 9 Suka Pravira. These ruled for 106 years."
These details given for the Kailakila Yavanas alone lead
to two inferences viz. (1) that the writer or rather recaster
of the Vishnu Purana lived a little after these Yavanas
somewhere about the 9th century A.D. and (2) that he must
have been a native of Andhra or at least of the country
where these Yavanas ruled. As the Yavanas are men-
tioned as reigning in the Khalimpur grant of about
800 A. D. the time of these Yavana kings is tolerably
settled. And their country too though not mentioned in
that inscription must have been no other than Andhra
which might have formed part of the Kanauj empire along
with Bhoja. Matsya, Madra, Kuru, Yadu, Avanti, Kira
and others. We, therefore, hold on the authority of the
evidence mentioned by Hunter supported by the Vishnu
Purana that from before the days of Hiuen Tsang the
Kailakila or Kainkila Yavanas ruled in Andhra upto
800 A. D. and even later down to about 900 A. D.
Their mention in the Bhagavata is also confirmatory in

' This Vindhvasakti is different from the Vindhyasakti of the VSkStaka dynasty
mentioned in the Ajanta cave inscription, the successors of the latter being different
also viz. Pravarasena, Rudrasena, Prithvisena and others his date being about 300 A.D.



THE KAlNKILA. YAVANAS OF ANDHRA 3'53

this connection and is interesting. f%fei%vJnrf T^ci^r H .dW^d 'i-

^3n%FTR "T^JI (^. 3T. 1 ). Here the period 106 years is the
same ; the name Kailakila is the same though given as
that of a place and five kings are named whose names
are nearly the same as in the Vishnu. The Bhagavata
seems to follow the Vishnu Purana at a distance and
must date after the 9th century. The other Puranas too
mention Yavanas, but none mentions the Kailakila
Yavanas, Vindhyasakti and others and these Puranas not-
ably Vayu and Matsya in their present form are generally
rightly taken as the oldest Puranas and may be supposed
to refer to the Yavana kings of the Paniab alone. Munda
and Mauna barbarians are mentioned by these also and
they also preceded the Guptas most certainly.

The Kainkila Yavanas are said by the Vishnu Purana
to be 3T^wiTIT^ ^. e. not crowned religiously. But possibly
this word is i;4i



Online LibraryChintaman Vinayak VaidyaHistory of mediæval Hindu India (being a history of India from 600 to 1200 A.D.) .. (Volume 1) → online text (page 33 of 38)