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History of Seattle from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 3) online

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hard and it was believed the expenses of the work would be heavy, they wrote out a state-
ment of the case, had it printed in German) and sent several thousand copies to German
newspapers and societies in the east and California, many of which supported their work by
financial contributions. When the city editor of the Post Intelligencer, an Australian
Englishman and a friend of the Seattle chief of police, was informed concerning their activi-
ties in favor of Craemer, he again began personal attacks upon Mr. Wegener which continued
for two years, until the latter engaged the chief editor of the paper as one of his attorneys.
The defense committee, of which Mr. Duenkel was the treasurer, had a tremendous task.
The}' appealed first to the United States supreme court, then brought the case before the
superior court in Seattle again, then appealed to the United States circuit court, once more
to the United States supreme court and finally to the state board of pardon, before which
Mr. Wegener, although ill at the time, made a seven-hours' argument which so injured his
throat that it has disabled him from further public speaking. However, he convinced the
board that Craemer had not had a fair trial and should not be hanged. He was pardoned
by the governor, who was bitterly hostile to Craemer, to a life term in the penitentiary.
The committee received from various sources only about four thousand dollars, which
was not one-third of the cost of the defense, and the remainder of the money they had to
make up in one way or another, the heaviest of the burden falling upon Mr. Wegener
because he had also undertaken to support the family, which he did from his own means
for three years, by which time the Craemer children had become self-supporting. In this
great work of benevolence Mr. Wegener lost his own and his wife's property, ruined his
health so that he was unable to work during a whole year and his business was consequently
injured. His friends on the committee also incurred severe losses, but all had the satisfac-
tion of having saved the life of a man whom police officers endeavored to railroad to the
gallows without a fair trial and with a view of obtaining a thousand dollars reward. When
Craemer was taken away from Seattle, Mr. Wegener told him that if he behaved well he
would do all in his power to secure his pardon, demanding, however, that if he was freed
he and his whole family should do all in their power to prove his innocence. This they
promised and Mr. Wegener in return assisted the family to get along so that they would
be financially able to take up and carry out the fight for the proof of their father's innocence.
He watched over the girls until they were of age, let the boy learn the machinist trade and



100 ■ HISTORY OF SEATTLE

aided the family in obtaining valuable property on easy conditions. In January, 1909.
Craeraer was pardoned on evidence obtained by the committee, but since his release he and
his family have done nothing to establish his innocence.

Concerning his interest in religious teaching in the public schools, Mr. Wegener writes
as follows : "Unsatisfactorily as the Craemcr case ended, it has given me some vital
information on one of the gravest public questions needing a solution. It is the education
of children. Craemer was an atheist who did not send his children to church. When I
heard that taunting remarks had been made to them in the public school about their convicted
father, I sent them, at my expense, to a Christian day school, where they received proper
religious instruction. After a year and a half the school was closed for want of proper
support. The Craemer children were at that time truthful, honest and obedient, in fact
good Christian children. Their mother then sent them again to the public school with the
result that their character gradually changed and became the reverse of what it had been.
They still went to church for some time but finally quit and ignored all their religious teach-
ing. I drew the natural conclusion that in the Godless schools the children become Godless.
To become honest, truthful and law-abiding citizens, they need religious moral teaching,
and not only for a year or two but during their whole school time, from the age of six
to fourteen, for virtue and vice are not only acquired by learning but also by habit.

"With the effect of the Godless school upon the Craemer children before me, I could
understand why the immortal W'ashington in his 'Farewell Address' so emphatically recom-
mended religious moral teaching to the American people. Said he : 'Of all the dispositions
and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports.
In vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism who would labor to subvert these
great pillars of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens. A
volume would not trace all their connections with private and public felicity. Let it simply
be asked, where is the security for property, for reputation, for life, if the sense of religious
obligation desert the oaths which are the instruments of the investigations in courts of
justice? And let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained
without religion. Whatever may be conceded to the influence of refined education on minds
of peculiar structure, reason and experience, both, forbid us to expect that national morality
can prevail in the exclusion of religious principle.'

"With this recommendation of religious moral teaching by the wisest statesman this
country has produced before me, and my experience with the Craemer children, I commenced,
as soon as the Craemer case had come to an end, in 1909, to agitate the question of religious
moral teaching in the public schools among Christian and non-churchgoing people. As the
creation of one or more state religions is forbidden by the national constitution, I proposed
that the Decalogue, as the divine commandment of the Creator of the world, should be
taught in every public school ; because I am convinced that the existence of an all-wise and
all-loving Creator cannot any more be denied. Natural science furnishes an endless amount
of indirect proof on the subject. And I believe the great majority of the American people
perceive the necessity of such religious teaching, the absence of which since the middle of
the '60s of the last century has lowered the standard of morality and honesty of our people
to such a degree that the criminal element is steadily increasing faster than the population,
and that the criminals constantly commence their lawless career at an earlier age of life
than in previous years.

"While I was writing, and at different churches and other places speaking on this all-
important subject, I made a business trip to San Diego along the Pacific coast of Wash-
ington, Oregon and California, and seeing how utterly unprepared this coast is against any
invasion, I concluded to drop my religious school work and in my seventy-fifth year com-
menced to write a book in which, under the title, 'The Secrets of the Japanese Government,'
I showed up the gigantic political fraud underlying the present Japanese government, partly
from my own experiences in Japan at the end of the '60s of the last century and partly from
English, but principally Japanese sources. The book gives a perfectly correct and truthful
pen picture of Japan's past and present civilization, of the rule of the Samurai class, the
absolute impossibility of any member of the weak-minded imperial family, which believes
in its own divinity, to rule the people, and of the existence of a war and conquest policy
of the Japanese government, adopted in 1869, which is particularly intended to secure for



I



HISTORY OF SEATTLE 101

the Japanese a foothold on tlie North American continent, inchiding the conquest of Alaska.
"Although every statement contained in the book is absolutely true, I could not get a
publisher for it in the whole United States and had finally, in my seventy-ninth year, to
publish it myself and try to bring it as best I could before the American people, whose
childlike confidence in the friendship of the Japanese government has allowed them to leave
their whole Pacific coast states, territory and insular possessions open to a successful Japa-
nese invasion. As soon as the Japanese danger has passed, as I hope it will, I intend to
devote all my time to the question of religious teaching in our public schools, with the hope
that my initiatory work in the matter may be rewarded by my seeing the high standard of
morality and honesty existing in the United States at my first landing here, in 1858, reestab-
lished, never to be lost again through Godless schools."



ALLEN HOWARD COX.



Allen Howard Cox, at the head of A. H. Cox & Company, a prominent concern
engaged in the manufacture, repair and rebuilding of electrical and mining machinery,
was born in Brooklyn, New York, January i, 1882. His father, W. E. Cox, was born
in Weston, Missouri, on the 3d of June, 1848, and his mother, who bore the maiden name
of Caroline Harbison, was born in New York city, April 5, 1852. She died in Helena,
Montana, on the 31st of July, 1887. The father retired from business in 1901 but could
not be content to lead an inactive life and is now serving as secretary and treasurer for
the firm of A. H. Co.x & Company in order to have something to occupy his time and
attention.

Allen H. Cox came to Seattle in 1900 and in the same year went to Alaska, where he
remained for a year and a half. At the end of that time he returned to this city and
has since been connected with the manufacture of electrical machinery. Before establish-
ing the business which bears his name in 1914 he was connected with others along that
line and thus gained knowledge and experience which have been invaluable to him since
establishing his own company. He is the principal owner in A. H. Cox & Company, which
is one of the large concerns of Seattle, its business now amounting to one hundred and
fifty thousand dollars a year, although it has been in existence for little more than a
year. The company manufactures, repairs and rebuilds electrical machinery and also
contractors' machinery and mining machinery and its product has already gained an
enviable reputation for excellence and reliability. As it becomes better known it is certain
that its business will still further increase.

Mr. Cox was married in March, 1906, at Tacoma, to Miss Rena B. Clark, of Raders-
burg, Montana. They have two children. Mr. Cox has gained an enviable place in the
business world of Seattle and has also won the personal esteem and the goodwill of
those with whom he has come in contact as he has at all times closely adhered to high
standards of commercial ethics. He is a young man and his energy, progressiveness and
business acumen insure his still greater success in the future.



ALONZO COSTELLO BOWMAN.

Alonzo Costello Bowman has been a representative of the Seattle bar since 1S82 and
has largely specialized in admiralty law. He is now filling the office of United States
court commissioner, to which he was appointed in 1894. His birth occurred in Cass county,
Missouri, on the 24th of March, 1859, his parents being James H. and Amanda E. (Puller)
Bowman, the former of English ancestry and the latter of French-English descent. Both
came of Revolutionary stock. James H. Bowman was a farmer of the sturdy New
England type and successfully followed agricultural pursuits throughout his entire busi-
ness career. His demise occurred in 1904, while his wife passed away in 1905. He was
an honored veteran of the Civil war.



102 HISTORY OF SEATTLE

The education of Alonzo C. Bowman was acquired in the schools of Kansas and,
starting out in the business world, he first learned the printer's trade and afterward
engaged in the publication of a newspaper. Later he took up court reporting and served
as official stenographer and court reporter in Kansas. This awakened in him a desire
to become a member of the bar and his next step logically was preparation for practice.
He read law in Kansas and was admitted in 1881, after which he came to Seattle in 1882.
For seven or eight years he did court reporting and then entered upon the active practice
of his profession. In 1894 appointment made him United States court commissioner and
he has since occupied this position, covering a period of twenty-one years, during which
time many important admiralty cases have been tried before him. He has been a constant
student of his profession, thinking broadly and studying widely in order to be prepared for
the onerous duties which devolve upon him.

On the l8th of August, 1880, in Providence, Rhode Island, Mr. Bowman was united
in marriage to Miss Georgia E. Matthews, a lady of southern and New England ancestry.
Their children are three in number, namely : Otho C, Fleta C. and Lloy C.

In his political views Mr. Bowman has always been a stalwart republican, giving
imfaltering allegiance to the principles of the party. He is identified with various fraternal
organizations, has taken the degrees of the York and Scottish Rites in Masonry and is
a Noble of the Mystic Shrine. He also holds membership with the Knights of Pythias
and the Red Men and in all of these organizations has held office. He belongs to Rainier
Club and finds his chief source of recreation in fishing, having whipped every stream
and body of water in Washington where representatives of the finny tribe are found. He
has a wide acquaintance in Seattle, where for a third of a century he has made his
home, and his associates and contemporaries entertain for him warm personal regard and
the highest respect.



ELMER E. CAINE.



The marked natural ability and business enterprise of Elmer E. Caine were constantly
shown in the conduct of his interests from the time when he started out in life on his own
account until he became the head of the Alaska & Pacific Steamship Company and was
prominently identified with the shipping interests of the northwest. He readily recognized
and improved his opportunities and moreover he coordinated seemingly diverse elements
into a unified and harmonious whole. His prominence in business and his personal worth,
which had gained for him many friends, caused his loss to be deeply regretted when death
claimed him on the 25th of August, 1908. He was born at White Lake, near Muskegon,
Wisconsin, May 31, 1863, his father being Alfred A. Caine, who was descended in the
maternal line from one of the Harpers connected with the distinguished family of that
name at Harpersburg, New York.

After pursuing his education in his native state, Elmer E. Caine went to Chicago,
Illinois, where for four years he was employed in a notion house. Later he became
passenger agent for the Wisconsin Central Railroad Company at Minneapolis, Minnesota,
where he spent three years, and in 1889 he became a resident of Seattle. From tliat time
forward he was connected with the steamboat business, his entrance into that industry
being made as the senior partner in the firm of E. E. Caine & Company, operating freight
and tug boats on the Sound. He was thus engaged until he organized the Pacific Clipper
Line in 1898, for the Alaska trade, in which connection the company operated some of
its own vessels and acted as agent for others, making trips to Skagway, Cape Nome and
other Alaska points. They built the steamer G. W. Dickinson, with a capacity of sixteen
hundred tons, which was later sold to the government for one hundred and fifty thousand
dollars. The company also built two sailing vessels, completed in 1901, each valued at
seventy-five thousand dollars, and they operated altogether ten vessels in the Alaska trade.
Mr. Caine's first business venture was to operate the steam schooner J. C. Brittain and
later he obtained control of the Arlington dock, making his first start to fortune by
bringing stone to Seattle after the big fire of 1889. He purchased the steamer Rapid Transit




EiaiER E. CAIXE



HISTORY OF SEATTLE 105

and used it in the Alaska trade durinic the rush of 1895 and 1896. At the dissolution of the
Pacific Packing & Navigation Company he purchased the steamships Jeanie, Santa Clara,
Santa Ann, Dora and Excelsior and operated them under the name of the Alaska Pacific
Navigation Company, selling out to the Northwestern Steamship Company in 1904. The
follovifing year he went to the east and purchased the steamships Buckham and Watson,
which he brought around Cape Horn. They were put on the San Francisco run by the
Alaska & Pacific Steamship Company, and the Buckham, sent out by Captain Caine, was
the first ship to sail from Seattle with relief supplies after the earthquake and fire at San
Francisco. Later he built the Falcon and he organized, and was a heavy stockholder in
the Alaska Pacific Express Company, now operating at the principal ports of Alaska. His
faith in the great Alaska country was responsible for his prosperity in a great measure.
In addition to his other interests he became the head of the Superior Portland Cement
Company at Baker and with James F. McElroy, A. T. Van de Vanter and George W. Dick-
inson he organized the King County Fair Association, of which he was one of the stewards
at the time of his death. He also built the Prudential building on Railroad avenue.

The Captain was married in Minneapolis, Minnesota, to Miss Minnie A. Roberts, and
they had an attractive home in Seattle, celebrated for its gracious hospitality. Fraternally
he was connected with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks as one of its life members.
He likewise belonged to the Rainier Club and in these organizations was a popular member.
He had just started to realize his plans for the erection of a fifty thousand dollar home at
Lake Park, on Lake Washington, but died before his plans could be carried to completion.
In 1906 he purchased a large game preserve, known as Protection Island, in the Strait
of Juan de Fuca. It seemed that life had for him every possibility for comfort and
happiness. He had conducted his business to such a point that it was possible to have
leisure for the enjoyment of those things which were of interest to him, but death frus-
trated his plans and he passed away August 25, 1908, at the comparatively early age of
forty-five years, his death being the occasion of deep and widespread regret among his
many friends. He possessed sterling qualities that had gained for him the warm regard
and goodwill of all with whom he had come in' contact and everywhere people spoke of
him in terms of the highest respect. His life record indicated the possibilities which are
before the young, demonstrating what could be accomplished when ambition points out
the way and enterprise and diligence continue therein.



DAVID K. PORTER.



David K. Porter, of Seattle, occupying the position of secretary for the Foresters of
America, is a man of great powers of organization and thereby is splendidly qualified for
the duties which devolve upon him. He was born in Scotland, July 21, 1871, a son of
David and Ann (Craig) Porter, who were also natives of Scotland and are now deceased.
The son obtained his education in the schools of his native country, which he attended to
the age of thirteen years and then emigrated to the new world, becoming a resident of
Oakland, California, where he continued his studies in the night schools. He began earning
his living as an employe of the Union Iron Works of San Francisco and there learned
the trade of shipbuilding, which occupation he followed until 1890, when he became con-
nected with mercantile interests at Black Diamond, King county, Washington. There he
followed clerking until 1898, when he returned to- California, where he became a book-
keeper, occupying that position for three years. In 1901 he removed to Seattle, where
he engaged in carpentering and building but afterwai-d returned to Black Diamond,
where he was identified with mercantile interests until 1906. He then again came to
Seattle and was bookkeeper for the Pacific Coast Coal Company until June, 1913, when
he became grand secretary for the Foresters of America, which office he has since filled.
He has great organizing ability and has done splendid service in his present position.

On the 6th of October, 1896, in Seattle, Washington, Mr. Porter was united in mar-
riage to Miss Agnes E. Turnbull, a native of Scranton, Pennsylvania, and a daughter of
Alexander Turnbull, representing an old family of the Keystone state. Our subject and



106 HISTORY OF SEATTLE

his wife have a daughter, Florence, who w-as born in Seattle on the I2th of January, 1902.
The family reside at Black Diamond, while Mr. Porter has his office in the Mutual Life
Insurance building.

He is well known in fraternal connections, and is a third degree Mason, holding member-
ship in Black Diamond Lodge, F. & A. M. He is a prominent and well known Odd Fellow,
having passed through all the chairs of that organization. His religious faith is that of
the Presbyterian church and his upright life is guided by the highest principles and ethical
standards. He deserves the proud American title of a self-made man, for he came to
America a poor boy and from early youth has been dependent entirely upon his own
resources. He set his mark high and kept his gaze fixed thereon, never faltering in his
purpose to attain the point for which he set out. Each forward step has brought him a
broader outlook and wider opportunities and gradually he has advanced until his position
today is a most creditable one.



GEORGE E. QUINAN.



George E. Quinan, superintendent of light and power for the Puget Sound Traction
Light & Power Company, to which position he was appointed in February, 1914, has
been a resident of Seattle since 191 1. He was born in Chicago in October, 1878, a son of
George and Emma L. Quinan. In 1880 his parents removed to southern California, and
there George E. Quinan pursued his education, passing through consecutive grades in
the public schools until graduated from high school in 1898. He afterward matriculated
in the University of California and was graduated with the class of 1903. When his
education was completed he went to Spokane, Washington, where he became wireman
for the Washington Water Power Company, acting in that capacity for a year. He next
went to Tacoma, where he worked on the construction of the electron power plant as
wireman until October, 1904, when he took charge of the installation of heavy generating
equipment for the Tacoma Railway & Power Company, serving in that connection until
February, 190S, when he was promoted to the position of assistant superintendent of
power. He continued with that company until February, 19H, when he came to Seattle
and engaged as operating superintendent of the Seattle Electric Company, with which he
remained until February, 1914. It was then that he was appointed superintendent of
light and power for the Puget Sound Traction, Light & Power Company and has since
served in this capacity, making a most creditable record. His previous experience, broad
and varied as it had been, well qualified him for his present responsible duties.

In December, 1913, Mr. Quinan was married, in Tacoma, Washington, to Miss Alice
Voorhees. He is identified with several social organizations, including the Seattle Athletic
Club and the Engineers Club. He is also a member of Alpha Tau Omega, a college fra-
ternity, and his political allegiance is given to the republican party, which he has sup-
ported since age conferred upon him the right of franchise.



ARTHUR HOWARD GROUT.

Arthur Howard Grout is labor commissioner and his official record is one above
reproach. In fact he deserves the highest praise for his efficient service in this connection
and all Seattle is proud of his work, for his office is rated as the banner public employ-
ment office of the United States. Mr. Grout is a native of Massachusetts, his birth' having
occurred at Pelham on the 26th of January, 1863. He is a son of M. C. Grout, who was
of Scotch-Irish descent, although the family has long been established in America. His
grandfather served for two terms in the Massachusetts state legislature and M. C. Grout
was also a member of the general assembly of Massachusetts for two terms. His wife,
who bore the maiden name of Mary A. Rankin was likewise of Scotch-Irish descent, but
both the Grout and Rankin families came to the new world in the seventeenth century.



HISTORY OF SEATTLE 107



Online LibraryClarence BagleyHistory of Seattle from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 3) → online text (page 13 of 142)