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History of Seattle from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 3) online

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the Chinese, prepared at the request of the state department, won for him the thanks of
the government and of the Chinese authorities. Governor Squire's last recommendations
in his final report to the secretary of the interior were for: (i) the admission of Washing-
ton into the Union; (2) the forfeiture of unearned railway landgrants ; (3) the enforce-
ment of the Chinese restriction act; (4) the transfer to Washington territory of the north-
ern counties of Idaho ; (5) the improvement of the Columbia river and other navigable
waters; (6) readjustment of Indian reservations; (7) speedy settlement of all questions
relating to public lands. The last named problem is still in course of settlement today.
The improvement of the Columbia river is still going on. The readjustment of the Indian
reservations has not been entirely perfected. The closing recommendations of Governor
Squire's administration illustrate clearly his keen insight into the future needs of Wash-
ington.

When Governor Squire put aside the duties of chief executive in 1887 and took up the
more active management of his private interests, he did not relinquish his activity in
public affairs but sought still further to advance the interests of the northwest. It was
the great desire of the people to acquire statehood and Governor Squire was chosen to pre-
side over the convention of delegates which was called to meet at Ellensburg and which
by its urgent memorials and resolutions and the convincing arguments advanced hastened
the action taken by congress in 1889, admitting Washington to the Union at the same time
that North and South Dakota became states. Immediately after the bill was signed by
the president, elections were called and at the first session of the legislature. Governor
Squire was chosen to represent Washington in the United States senate.



510 HISTORY OF SEATTLE

Six senators were elected from the three new states and it became necessary to decide
by lot, whicli should serve for six years, which for four and which for two. Senator Squire
drew a two years' term but at its expiration was reelected for another full term, so that he
was for eight years a member of the upper house of the national legislature and until the
year 1914 was the only United States senator from Washington to be reelected. The
arrival of six new senators at Washington did not cause any particular comment. In fact
old members have always regarded new arrivals as of little importance but Senator Squire
had gone to Washington for the purpose of serving his constituents and aiding them in
meeting the needs of the rapidly growing state. He was very successful in securing
valuable legislation and, moreover, he took an active part in all matters relating to the
national welfare: the Isthmian canal at Nicaragua or Panama; the national defenses; the
tariff and currency question; the Chinese problem; the Alaskan boundary; the investiga-
tion of the coal and gold resources in Alaska ; and other leading questions of the day.
He was a most tireless member on committees, delivered effective impromptu addresses
and displayed marked oratory when discussing questions on which he had especially
prepared. He and his colleague. Senator John B. Allen, agreed that each would work for
all needed improvements in the state and that each would take special care of the details
of affairs in his own section of the state. Among the first benefits that Senator Squire was
able to obtain for his state was the appropriation for building the naval station and dry-
dock at Bremerton, the location of which had already been recommended by two separate
boards of naval officers, but this project had not been acted upon by congress. In fact, it
was Senator Squire who first obtained recognition of Puget Sound as one of the great
harbors of the United States, entitled to just as much attention in respect to lighthouses,
coast defenses, revenue cutter and customs service, life-saving protection and aids to navi-
gation as any of the great seaports which the government had been improving for years.
In one session he secured an increase of the rivers and harbors appropriations for the state
from one hundred and three thousand, three hundred and fifty dollars to one hundred
and sixty-eight thousand, four hundred and seventy dollars and ninety-two cents, and
at the following session of congress increased the amount to two hundred and twenty-five
thousand dollars.

Nor was all this spent on Puget Sound. Senator Squire was a strong friend of
improvements, especially river improvements and the Columbia, Snake, Okanogan, Che-
halis and Cowlitz rivers secured shares of the appropriations. Other funds were used to
improve the harbors of Everett and Olympia, as well as Gray's Harbor and Willapa Har-
bor, in southwestern Washington.

At the same time the project of building a ship canal from Puget Sound into Lake
Washington at Seattle was being urged by the business interests of Puget Sound. Sena-
tor Squire lent his earnest aid to this project and secured two preliminary appropriations
to ten thousand and twenty-five thousand dollars and later, one hundred and fifty-thousand
dollars with which actual construction was begun. These were the only appropriations
secured for construction on the canal until 1910. Had Senator Squire remained longer in
the public service many friends of the canal believe it might have been an accomplished
fact years ago. It was vitally important to obtain the right of way for the canal at
that time. Senator Squire worked for this.

Among other measures of great importance to the state, first brought to the atten-
tion of congress by Senator Squire were these : to provide for tests of American timbers
with a view particularly to establish the superior qualities of the timber of his own state ;
for the creation of a national park and forest reserve, including Mount Rainier ; for a
relief light vessel for the Pacific coast ; to regulate the time and place of holding United
States courts in the state of Washington; to grant jurisdiction in cases relating to land
entries; to ratify agreements with certain Indian tribes; for the relief of purchasers of lands
in railroad land grants ; for the erection of a statue to General U. S. Grant ; for public
buildings at Seattle, Tacoma, Spokane and Walla Walla ; granting five peV cent of public
land sales to the state of Washington.

When the free silver plank was instituted by the republican party in the northwest,
Washington lost a most effective public servant with the retirement of Senator Squire.
No other representative in the upper house at Washington had secured so much valuable



HISTORY OF SEATTLE , 511

legislation for the state. Moreover, he did not have the assistance of a colleague in the
senate from his state much of the time, from the fact that a three years' deadlock in the
state legislature prevented an election of another United States Senator from the state of
Washington.

Washington has reason, indeed, to remember him gratefully and honor him for what
he has done for the state and yet his efforts were by no means confined to legislation
beneficial to the northwest. In fact, he furthered various projects for the good of the
nation at large and he is especially well known in connection with the bill for the coast
defense of the country. His foreign travel and military training and experience in
handling arms and ammunition made him, probably, the best informed man in the senate
during his services there on the subject of national defense. Upon entering the senate
he found the coast defense plan in a chaotic state, with a few military men urging much
needed work but gaining very little sympathy. Members of congress as a rule were
unfamiliar with the entire coast defense plan. Little had been done and it seemed impos-
sible to gain united action on any comprehensive plan. In the fifty-second congress
Senator Squire was made chairman of the committee on coast defenses, having been a
member of the committee at his first session. He promptly took hold of the recom-
mendations of army engineers which had previously attracted little attention and began
planning the legislation which resulted in the present system of defenses of the great
harbors of the nation. In the fifty-third congress the republicans were in a minority and
Senator Squire was removed from his chairmanship but was retained on the coast
defense committee. Again in the fifty-fourth congress he was made chairman and there
continued his great work for the national defense. At a single session he increased the
coast defense appropriation and authorizations of contracts from six hundred thousand
dollars to eleven million five hundred thousand dollars and thereafter laid the foundation
for yearly appropriations which will amount in the aggregate to about one hundred
and twenty-five million dollars or more. At the conclusion of his term in the work of
building great fortifications for the harbors of both coasts he had become so well under-
stood and appreciated and the work was so far under way that there never has been any
question as to the value and necessity of the vast projects which Senator Squire first
pressed upon the congressional attention. Puget Sound shared in the benefits of the work
and from a totally unfortified harbor has become one of the best protected in the nation.

Not alone in coast defenses was Senator Squire interested, but in every phase of
military and naval legislation. He initiated the legislatioa for the rating of naval engineers
as officers of rank and his work for the engineers of the merchant marine resulted in
his election to honorary membership in the Society of Marine Engineers. His efforts
were largely instrumental in increasing the revenue cutter service and putting it on a
useful basis, especially in western and northern waters, and he secured for the Moran
Company of Seattle the first contract for construction of torpedo boats ever let in the
northwest. Among his favorite projects was the establishment of a gun factory on the
Pacific coast, for which he put forth numerous efforts. He likewise initiated the legisla-
tion that resulted in the establishment of Fort Lawton at Seattle.

Senator Squire was also greatly interested in Alaska. He was among the first to
realize the immense undeveloped wealth of that country and was instrumental in securing
the survey of the Alaskan boundary and the settlement of the dispute with Canada on
that subject, securing an appropriation in 1896 for that purpose. Before that time, however,
he had laid the foundation for the work of the United States geographical survey in
Alaska by securing an appropriation for an investigation and report on the mineral resources
of the country. The famous Alaska goldfields which of recent years have attracted such
wide-spread attention, had come to his notice and he had realized that they would some
day become a valuable asset to the nation. He probably had this in mind when he was
raising strenuous objections to the purchase of foreign coal for the navy, and laying a
precedent for using only the product of domestic mines. His foresight in this particular
has already found justification.

Another question of national importance which came up during Senator Squire's
connection with legislative affairs in Washington was that of free silver, involving, as it
did, unending discussion of the national coinage and finally becoming the issue of a



512 HISTORY OF SEATTLE

national election. A lifelong republican he saw with apprehension the entire west, including
his own state, swing into the free silver column. Notwithstanding his love for the west
he realized the lack of wisdom and for several sessions he firmly opposed any compromise
in favor of the silver standard. In December, 1895, the year before the national campaign
which settled for all time the mooted question. Senator Squire prepared a coinage measure
which he introduced into the senate and which came within a vote of passing after long
debate. His bill provided for an increased coinage of silver, in fact for what might be
deemed the free coinage of silver to the extent of its production, but on a basis which
would preserve a parity of value of the various kinds of coined money. The plan included
the withdrawal of greenbacks and substitution of silver currency backed by a gold reserve.
Senator Squire believed, as did many other statesmen of the day, that his measure would
be entirely equitable to the so-called silver states and would not inflate the currency or
injure the national credit. Probably only the irreconcilable breach between the free
silver advocates and the adherents of the straight gold standard prevented the bill from
becoming a law. His interest in the Isthmian canal project (then by the Nicaragua route,
probably the best one) was an early influence along the line which has led to the development
of the Panama canal.

Senator Squire secured benefits for all parts of the Pacific coast and every section
of his own state realized that it had an active and leading statesman working for the
northwest at the capital. One prophesying of his senatorial career would have said it
would have been impossible for him to accomplish what he did, owing to the fact that
he was a new senator from a new state, but his broad experience, his grasp of affairs,
his knowledge of conditions in his own land and abroad, his public spirit and his determina-
tion were elements along the line of success in his legislative efforts. It was soon recog-
nized that his knowledge was comprehensive, his judgment sound and his determination
keen and that the results of his investigation found embodiment in practical effort for the
good of the country at large. His extensive travel, his interest in national and international
art and his personality, all entered into this feature of his success. Among the senators
from the south he numbered a host of warm friends and he held their support in congress
as no other northerner did. Time and again he enlisted their aid with that of the men
from the far west to force upon congress a realization of the needs of the Pacific coast.
Without indulging in any petty scheming Senator Squire was known as a consummate
politician and his influence was felt in every section of the country. He did not hesitate
to work for needed improvements in other states than his own and often introduced bills
for public buildings or other improvements in eastern or southern cities where he
believed they were needed. So wide was his personal popularity that at the close of one;
session Senator Allison asserted that Senator Squire's had been the greatest personal
success of any man in that congress. Among his friends and colleagues in the senate were
men from all sections : Aldrich, Hoar, Hawley, Piatt, Chandler, Morrill and Hale, of
New England ; the senators from his native state, New York, and of Ohio, whose troops
he led in war. In the middle west he was intimate with men like Cullom, Allison, Warren,
Davis, Spooner and Nelson and natural ties of mutual interest bound him closely to the
men from the Pacific coast. In his committee on coast defenses were two former secre-
taries of war. Proctor and Elkins, besides Senator Hawley, for years chairman of the
committee on military affairs, Senator Stephen M. White, of California, and Senator John
B. Gordon, of Georgia, a brilliant Confederate commander. When the Oregon senators
were opposing the Bremerton naval station bill at its first inception, at the end of the roll
call, ten southern senators who had just entered the senate chamber rose and, addressing
the chair, voted in favor of Senator Squire's bill.

It was in connection with the bills appropriating funds for the completion of the dry
dock and navy yard at Bremerton that Senator Squire accomplished one of the remarkable
feats of his career at Washington, March 2, 1895, during the closing hours of the fifty-
third congress. The naval appropriation bill came back from committee with a totally
inadequate appropriation for the work needed at Puget Sound, despite all of Senator
Squire's efforts before the committee. Rising on the floor of the senate during the closing
hours, when there was much business to be finished, when the galleries were packed to
watch the closing scenes of congress. Senator Squire hurled in the face of the assembled



HISTORY OF SEATTLE 513

senators his demand for a proper recognition of the Puget Sound navy yard and proceeded
to argue convincingly every point that he made. The procedure was astonishing but
effective. Amid great applause the senator from Washington finished his speech and the
senate unanimously voted nearly the full appropriation asked for.

Among the southern men who were personal friends of Senator Squire were Gorman
of Maryland, Daniel of Virginia, with whom he paired in the senate. Vest and Cockrill of
Missouri, Blackburn of Kentucky, Ransom, Vance and Butler of North Carolina, Butler
of South Carolina, Morgan of Alabama, Bate of Tennessee, Gordon of Georgia, Gray of
Delaware, Kenna of West Virginia, Gibson and White of Louisiana, and Berry of Arkansas.
J. C. S. Blackburn, on the committee of naval affairs, gave hearty support to the establish-
ment of the Puget Sound navy yard, while John Kenna on the committee of commerce was
instrumental in passing appropriations for the Lake Washington canal. Senator Teller,
who had been secretary of the interior under President Arthur when Squire was governor
of Washington, was a friendly supporter. In the house of representatives the western
senator had numerous friends, among others, McKinley, Reed, Henderson, Hepburn,
Cannon, Thomas PL Catchings of Mississippi, and William H. Crane of Texas.

His intimate acquaintance with the great newspaper publishers of the day was of
inestimable value to Senator Squire, for they assisted greatly to help him mold public
opinion in favor of such great projects as the plan of coast defenses, which was almost
an unknown quantity outside of army circles at the time that Senator Squire entered the
senate. Whitelaw Reid and Isaac H. Bromley of the New York Tribune were his close
friends, as was Colonel Henry Watterson of the Louisville Courier-Journal, Frank Hatton
of the Washington Post, afterward postmaster general, Melville E. Stone of the Asso-
ciated Press, and St. Clair McKelway of the Brooklyn Eagle. The famous Saturday Night
Club of New York gave Senator Squire a banquet, at which such men as Depew, Carnegie
and Clark Bell, founder of the club, were present.

It will hardly be questioned that the state of Washington has never had in either
hall of congress or in any other field of public activity a man who so thoroughly merited
the name of statesman in its largest sense as Watson C. Squire. Never sensational, he
was a leader of men in large affairs, calm and firm in judgment, unflinching in matters
where his mind was set, and yet a man of consummate tact in winning friends and support
where to court opposition would be fatal. To mention his high principles of personal
honor is unnecessary. W^ithout them no man can attain such success. Senator Squire's
personal and private life has always been one worthy of a man who naturally has been
an example to thousands. The state of Washington owes no greater gratitude to any of
her citizens who have helped her to develop into a leading commonwealth. Since his
retirement to private life, Senator Squire has lived quietly in Seattle, still making his
influence felt in affairs of public interest, where the welfare of the city or statt- is at
stake, and freely lending the value of his assistance and advice to his successors in
public office.



DAVID S. SHELLABARGER, U. D.

This is an age of specialization, a fact which finds exemplification in no department
of activity more largely than in the practice of medicine. It is impossible for a single
individual to thoroughly acquaint himself with all phases of medical practice and expert
skill is won by concentrating effort upon a single line. Following the tendency of the age
Dr. Shellabarger is now giving his attention to diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat.
He was born October i, 1859, in Clark county, Ohio, a son of John Shellabarger, a native
of that state and a representative of one of its old pioneer families of Scotch and Swiss
descent. The father followed merchandising and at the time of the Civil war joined an
Ohio regiment as a private and served during the latter part of hostilities between the
north and the south. He married Lavina Meisenhelder, a native of Pennsylvania and a
daughter of Jacob Meisenhelder, a representative of an old Pennsylvania-Dutch family.
She, too, has passed away. They were the parents of four sons and four daughters, of
whom David S. was the sixth in order of birth.



514 HISTORY OF SEATTLE

After attending the public schools of Clark, Ohio, Dr. Shellabarger continued his edu-
cation in Antioch College, at Yellow Springs, that state, and still later entered the Ohio
Wesleyan University, at Dalaware, where he completed his preparatory course. He after-
ward became a student in Wittenberg College, at Springfield, Ohio, where he attended
two years. He then entered Oberlin College and completed a course there in 1883. win-
ning the Bachelor of Arts degree. He took up the profession of teaching, which he fol-
lowed in Bardstown, Kentucky, at the Bardstown Male and Female Institute for a year.
He then entered upon the study of medicine and was graduated from the College of
Physicians and Surgeons of Chicago with the class of 1886. Immediately afterward he
began the practice of his profession in Sioux City, where he remained until 1894, when
he removed to Yankton, South Dakota, where he continued until 1896, which year wit-
nessed his arrival in Seattle. Here he has since remained, specializing in the treatment
of diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, in which connection he has gained compre-
hensive knowledge and displayed expert skill. In 1891 he pursued post-graduate work
along the line of his specialty in the New York Polyclinic and at the same time studied
in the Post Graduate School of New York. In 1900 he pursued a course in the Eye,
Ear, Nose and Throat College of Chicago and also studied in other medical institutions
of the city in the same year. He has thus put forth every possible effort to further his
knowledge and promote his ability along the line of his specialty and his continued reading
and investigation are fqrther helps in his practice. While at Yankton he was surgeon for
the Milwaukee & Great Northern Railroad Company and in the early days of his practice
he filled the chair of physiology at the Sioux College of Medicine in Iowa.

Dr. Shellabarger was married in Sioux City December 8, 1892, to Miss Sarah Flor-
ence Maria Crittenden, a native of New Haven, Connecticut, and a daughter of John
Crittenden. They held membership in the Episcopal church and Dr. Shellabarger is iden-
tified with all of the Masonic bodies of Seattle. He took the consistory degrees of the
Scottish Rite at Yankton and is a member of the Mystic Shrine. In politics he is a
republican and served as health officer and commissioner of insanity at Sioux City,
Iowa, for a number of years, but outside the path of his profession has had no political
aspirations. His membership along professional lines is with the King County Medical
Society, the State and American Medical Associations and the Washington Ophthalmo-
logical Society. His deep interest in his profession, prompted by a love of scientific in-
vestigation and by broad humanitarian principles, has brought him marked skill in his
chosen life work and his ability now places him in the front rank among the successful
practitioners of the northwest.



SUTCLIFFE BAXTER.



Sutcliffe Baxter was born at Burnley, Lancashire, England, November 11, 1841, and was
one of six children, three sons and three daughters, whose parents were Benjamin and Alice
(Pollard) Baxter. Sutclift'e Baxter is the eldest. His two brothers are now deceased.
One of them, William Pollard Baxter, was murdered in Utah by a Mr. Wilkerson, who was
there executed by being shot to death, having the choice, according to the Utah law, of
hanging or shooting. The three daughters are all living, two of them being residents of
King county, Washington, while the other is in England.

Sutcliffe Baxter attended the national schools of England until about fourteen years of
age and stood at the head of three of his classes. He won a year's tuition in Tunnicliffe's
Boarding School or Academy near Foulridge. Lancashire, England. When he was about



Online LibraryClarence BagleyHistory of Seattle from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 3) → online text (page 61 of 142)