Clement Anselm Evans.

Confederate military history; a library of Confederate States history online

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sufferers. The rank of major was secured and tendered him at the
request of the officers of the Laurel brigade, with the wish that
he be assigned to the position of quartermaster in that brigade,
but the promotion was declined on account of his wounds. After-
ward removed to Lexington, he remained there, upon post serv-
ice, until the close of the war, witnessing at that place the visit
of the remnant of Jackson's brigade, 239 out of 3,300 enlisted, to
the grave of their great commander. Since the war he has taken
great interest in preserving and honoring the memory of his fallen
comrades. He was one of five who removed the remains of General
Ashby from Charlottesville to Winchester, and assisted in burying
the Confederate dead at Charlestown, W. Va. He maintains a
membership in Pickett-Buchanan camp. His occupation in the
years of peace was as a merchant until 1869, when he removed to
Norfolk and entered the insurance business, his present calling.
At Norfolk he has taken a creditable part in the development of
the city, has served as a member of the city council, is a member
of the Masonic order and active in the Presbyterian church, of
which he has been an elder for forty years. He was married in
1850 to Mary, daughter of Samuel Cameron, prominent in railroad
circles and a member of the Virginia legislature.

Lieutenant William F. Hunter, prior to his death a resident of
Princess Anne county, was in the Virginia cavalry in the command
of Major Burrows, but on account of poor health, was but a short
time in the service. He afterward located in Princess Anne county
and died after the close of the war, about 1878. Hillary M. Hunter,
a brother, was also in the Virginia cavalry in the same command,
which he followed throughout the struggle, afterward locating in
Princess Anne county, and died about 1880 H. T. Hunter, M. D.,
a surviving brother of those above mentioned, and for many years
identified with the medical profession of the State, was born in
Princess Anne county, Va., in 1840, the son of William Hunter, a
well-known and influential planter of that county. His mother
was Mary Ann Thompson, daughter of Henry Thompson, a native
of Virginia, whose life was devoted to a seafaring career. He re-
ceived his academic education in private schools, and in the insti-
tution conducted by Prof. N. B. Webster at Portsmouth, and
during one year attended the medical department of the university
of Virginia. Then, in preparation for the medical profession, he
entered the university of Pennsylvania, where he was graduated as
doctor of medicine in 1861. He embarked in the practice in
Princess Anne county, and remained there until 1882, when he re-
moved to Norfolk, where he has since resided and has gained a
large practice and a wide reputation as a skillful physician and
honorable gentleman. He is a member of the city and State med-
ical societies, is fraternally connected with the orders of Masons,
Heptasophs, Knights of Pythias, Knights of Honor, and Legion
of Honor; and is a communicant of the Freemason street Baptist
church. By his marriage in 1871, to Miss Fanny G. C. Dozier,
he has two children, Edmond Dozier, and a daughter, Mary T.



956 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

James W. Huntington, of Alexandria, was born in Fairfax
county, Va., January 2, 1842, and resided at Alexandria at the out-
break of the war of the Confederacy. In the spring of 1861 hel
enlisted in Kemper's battery as a private, and subsequently served
with this artillery command in all its engagements until the latter
part of the year 1863, when he joined the cavalry command of
Major Davis. During the remainder of the war he participated in
many brisk fights as a member of this troop, and at Forrestville,
Va., a short time before the surrender of the army of Northern
Virginia, he received, while engaged with the enemy, a gunshot
wound just above the right eye, which caused a severe injury. In
April, 1865, he surrendered with his command at Moorefield.W.Va.,
and, after his parole, returned to Alexandria, where he has since
continued to reside. On coming back to civil life from the
army he found himself without means or occupation, and was
compelled for a time to peddle upon the streets to obtain a liveli-
hood. With bravery equal to that displayed on the field of battle,
he worked on, and was soon able to open a grocery store, which
he conducted for fifteen years. Subsequently he conducted a res-
taurant, and of recent years has been in the wholesale and retail
fish trade at Alexandria. He is an active member of R. E. Lee
camp, No. 2, of United Confederate Veterans.

Westwood Hutchison, of Manassas, Va., was born in Loudoun
county, Va., October 7, 1846. A boy of fourteen at the beginning
of hostilities, he was, educated at home and grew up to enter service
as a soldier. He enlisted in the Confederate States army in Sep-
tember, 1864, in the eighteenth year of his age, at Petersburg, as a
private in the Thirtj^-ninth Virginia battalion. After a brief service
with this command he was detached for duty as a picket on the
Rappahannock river, where he performed soldierly service during
the following winter and until the time of Appomattox. At the
battle of Gordonsville he served as courier for General Lomax,
discharged this important duty in a satisfactory style, and also
participated in a soldierly manner in several skirmishes. At the
end of the war he returned to his home and engaged in farming in
Prince William county until 1896, meeting with success and holding
an influential position among the people of the county. He served
as magistrate and as deputy county treasurer, and, in 1891 and
1895, was elected to the office of county treasurer. In 1896 he re-
moved to Manassas and took the position of cashier of the Na-
tional bank of that city, to which he had been elected by the stock-
holders. Mr. Hutchison is proud of his service in the army of
Northern Virginia and maintains his comradeship with the sur-
vivors by membership in Ewell camp of Confederate Veterans.
He is a communicant of the Baptist church, of which he has offi-
ciated as deacon for the past twenty-five years. He was married in
1871 to Miss Susan Ish, of Loudoun county, and they have ten
children living.

Lieutenant Samuel John Hutton, of Glade Spring, Washington
county, after rendering three years' efficient service in the field for
the cause of the Confederacy, suffered imprisonment over a year
and was one of the Confederate officers held under fire on Morris
island. He was born in Washington county, Va., July 19, 1839, and
in that county entered the military service of his State in May,
1861, as a member of Company F, Thirty-seventh Virginia infantry.



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 957

Colonel Fulkerson commanding. With this regiment he served
in the disastrous Laurel Hill campaign in West Virginia, in the
summer of 1861, and after the retreat to Monterey joined General
Jackson's command in December at Winchester. In 1862 he was
promoted third lieutenant of his company in recognition of his
faithful and gallant service. He participated in the campaign of
1862 in the valley of the Shenandoah under Gen. Stonewall Jack-
son, and subsequently shared the battles and marches of the corps
of that general in the Maryland and Virginia campaigns, including
the battles of Harper's Ferry, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg and
Chancellorsville. Subsequently, in Edward Johnson's division, he
fought at Gettysburg and Mine Run, and was a participant in the
bloody fighting in the Wilderness, May, 1864, until captured by
the enemy. He was then carried as a prisoner of war to Point
Lookout, moved from there to Fort I3elaware, and in August
transferred to Morris island. South Carolina, where with six hun-
dred other Confederate officers he was held under the fire of Con-
federate batteries, this being the Federal retaliation for the holding
of some Federal prisoners in the city of Charleston. In October
he was taken to Fort Pulaski, and thence, in March, 1865, was
returned to Fort Delaware, where he was detained until June,
1865. At the end of his imprisonment the hardships and short
rations with which he had been afflicted had reduced his weight
from 160 to 96 pounds. The war being now past, he engaged in
farming at Glade Spring and continued to be thus employed until
October, 1897, when he embarked in the livery business in the
town.

Vernon I'Anson, a well-known minister of the Baptist church,
now stationed at Emporia, Va., is a member of a family long con-
spicuous for patriotism and valiant service, both in their native
land beyond the sea and in America. The ancestry of his family
is traced to Sir James I'Anson, who commanded the navy built by
Henry VIII. "The line in America was established by Dr. John
I'Anson, a son of Sir Thomas I'Anson, lord keeper of the Tower,
at London, who after being disowned by his father on account of
his sympathy with the American colonists, crossed the Atlantic
and gave his fortune and services to their cause during the Revo-
lution. His son, M. D. I'Anson, was a manufacturer and promi-
nent citizen of Petersburg, served as an officer in the war of 1812,
and held the ofiice of mayor of his city. He married Jane,
daughter of Dr. William I. Thornton, a soldier of the war of
1812, whose father, Sterling C. Thornton, a wealthy and prominent
planter, was an officer in the Revolutionary army; and whose
grandfather served in the French and Indian wars under Wash-
ington. Springing from such parentage it was natural that the
I'Anson brothers should embrace with chivalrous devotion the
cause of the South in her struggle for independence. Five sons
of M. D. and Jane I'Anson were connected with the Confederate
service. Maj. William Harrison I'Anson, who had served as
surgeon with the rank of major in the Mexican war, and was a
messmate of Maj. Jubal A. Early, had charge of the quartermas-
ter-general's department of Florida, with headquarters at Talla-
hassee, throughout the war, and survived until 1875. Richard W.
I'Anson, M. D., held the rank of surgeon in Stuart's cavalry divis-
ion of the army of Northern Virginia, and was wounded at the



958 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

battle of Yellow Tavern, where Stuart received his fatal injuries.
He was disabled during the remainder of the war, and died in
1888. Henry I' Anson, M. D., served in Young's howitzer com-
pany throughout the war up to the disastrous battle of Sailor's
Creek, where he received three severe wounds, from which he
never fully recovered, though he was subsequently engaged in the
practice of medicine until his death in 1884. James Thornton
I' Anson served in the reserve corps and was with the army on the
retreat to Appomattox, where he surrendered. Rev. Vernon
I'Anson, the youngest of these brothers, born in Chesterfield
county, July 6, 1850, was too young for much participation in the
war, but, toward the close of the struggle, he became a member of
the reserve corps under General Kemper, and throughout he man-
ifested such sympathy with the cause that he was five times cap-
tured and once condemned to be shot by the Federals, but his life
was saved through the fidelity of a negro boy. He was educated
at Hampden-Sidney and Richmond colleges and, while yet a
student, was ordained in the Baptist ministry, and given charge
o* a church. He was for seven years in charge of the Third Bap-
tist church at Norfolk, which prospered greatly under his care,
and is now known as the Grace Baptist church; was then four
years at Marion, Va., and in 1894 took charge of the county high
school and church at Emporia, his present field of labor. He is
not only devoted as a pastor, but also frequently appears as a pub-
lic speaker on various topics, and contributes liberally to the relig-
ious as well as the local press. He is of the rank of Knight Temp-
lar in the Masonic order, is an active Odd Fellow, and serves as
chaplain of Chambliss-Barham camp. United Confederate Veterans.
January 14, 1880, he was married to Mattie J., daughter of Ben-
jamin Donaldson Tillar, an extensive land-owner of Greenesville
county, and they have three children: Tillar Dunlop, Mary E., and
Annie J. Mrs. I'Anson's father was a man of great prominence
and her brother, Hon. B. D. Tillar, served in the Virginia legis-
lature, and at the time of his death, in 1887, was president of the
Atlantic & Danville railroad. Two of her brothers were in the
Confederate army as members of the Greenesville Guards. One,
Henry, served throughout the war, but the other, John, who held
the rank of captain of the Guards, died from exposure and fever
in 1862.

Captain Richard Irby, commander of W. B. Newton camp,
United Confederate Veterans, Ashland, Va., was born in Notto-
way county, September 28, 1825. He is the descendant of an old
and worthy family in Virginia. His father, Edmund Irby, born
in Nottoway county in 1781, married Frances Briggs Lucas, of
Greenesville county, became a prosperous planter, and died in 1829.
William Irby, father of the latter, and the first of his family to
settle in Nottoway county, was born in 1752, married first, Jane
Edmunds, of Sussex county, and, second, Elizabeth Williams, of
Nottoway, and died in 1811. William Irby was the son of John
Irby, of Sussex, born 171S, died 1761, and John was the son of
Edmund Irby, of Prince George, born 1675, died 1733. Capt.
Richard Irby was educated at Randolph-Macon college, an insti-
tution to which his life has been largely devoted, and graduated
in the class of 1844, which included such brilliant men as Bishop
McTyeire, Gen. Lucius J. Garttrell, Col. James N. Ramsey, John



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 959

Howard and Gen. Charles E. Hooker He then engaged in farm-
ing and the manufacture of plows, in his native county, until the
spring of 1861. He enlisted, April 21, 1861, as first lieutenant of
Company G, Eighteenth Virginia infantry, Col. R. E. Withers com-
manding, which was assigned to the brigade of General Cocke. In
this rank he commanded his company in the first battle of Ma-
nassas. In November following he withdrew from the army on
account of his election to the legislature from Nottoway and
Amelia counties. After serving in this capacity in the session of
1861-62, he returned to his company and was elected captain, April,
1862. He then participated in the battles of Williamsburg, Seven
Pines and Second Manassas, in the latter engagement receiving
wounds which disabled him for further duty on the field. When
sufficiently, recovered for other service he was assigned to the com-
missary department, with charge of the work in several counties.
After the close of hostilities he resumed his former occupations
until 1868, when for ten years he was engaged in iron manufac-
turing at Richmond. Then for eight years he was in charge of
the bureau of immigration of Virginia. In 1886 he became secre-
tary and treasurer of Randolph-Macon college, with which he
has been connected as student, trustee or official for nearly sixty
years. He took a leading part in the endowment of the college
and its removal to Ashland, has filled every office on the board
but that of president, and altogether has done a work in this
direction worthy of lasting remembrance. He has contributed to
history an account of his Confederate company, and a record of
the career of the college. He was married, October i, 1846, to
Frances Virginia, daughter of Rev. Freeman Fitzgerald, a Metho-
dist clergyman, and they have nine children living, and fourteen
grandchildren. Two brothers of Captain Irby were in the Con-
federate service: Edmund, now living at Como, Miss., and Benja-
min, who was killed in battle at Selma, Ala , in April, 1865.

John W. Ivey, for many years a popular bank official at Lynch-
burg, Va., was born in Chesterfield county in 1840, and was there
reared and educated At the time of the secession of Virginia he
was thoroughly in sympathy with the patriotic devotion which
brought all young Virginians shoulder to shoulder for the defense
of their native State from invasion, and he enlisted as a private
in Company G of the Eleventh Virginia regiment of infantry,
commanded by the gallant Col. Samuel Garland. His regiment was
at the first battle of Manassas in the brigade of General Longstreet,
and fought at Williamsburg, on the peninsula, in the brigade of
A. P. Hill of Longstreet's division. Private Ivey participated in
all the operations of his regiment until May 2, 1862, just before
the battle of Williamsburg, when, in a skirmish preceding that
action he received wounds of such severity that he was no longer
able to serve with his command. Reluctantly retiring from mili-
tary service after one year's experience, he resumed his duties as
a bank clerk, which he had entered upon in i860, and since that
time has been constantly employed in that capacity at Lynchburg.
He was at first with the State bank, but since 1873 has held the
responsible position of cashier of the People's national bank.

Thomas Branch Jackson, adjutant of Pickett-Buchanan camp.
United Confederate Veterans, at Norfolk, Va., was born in Bruns-
wick county, Va., April 20, 1843. His family has lived in Virginia



960 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

for many years, his grandfather having served as a soldier in the
Revolutionary war. His father, Tyree B. Jackson, also a native
of Brunsvifick county, born in 1805, passed his life as a mer-
chant in Petersburg, with farming interests in his native county.
On this country place his five sons, of whom Adjutant Jackson
was the youngest, were reared, receiving their education in the
local schools. As the crisis approached in 1861 the father viewed
with much solicitude the prospect of an armed conflict that must
almost necessarily involve in danger his family of boys, but when
he received the news of the call of President Lincoln for 75,00a
men, evidently for the invasion of Virginia, all other emotions
were submerged in stern and patriotic resolution. Going at once
to his farm home he called his sons about him, and said, "Boys,
you have to go to war." The five obeyed the summons^ but only
two returned in 1865. On April 19, 1861, Adjutant Jackson entered
the service as a private in the volunteer organization called the
Dinwiddle Grays, beginning a career in the ranks that is highly
typical of the soldiery of the Virginia troops, and winning promo-
tion by meritorious conduct to the rank of first lieutenant. During
the first year he served on the James river, \yhere the swamps,
proved as deadly a foe as the enemy in field of battle. In 1862,
fighting in defense of Richmond, he participated in the Seven
Days' battles until the action at Frayser's farm, when he was so
seriously wounded as to be confined in hospital for six weeks.
Recovering in time to fight at the battle of Second Manassas, he
was again wounded, and one of his brothers was killed. Another
brother having already lost his life at Gaines' Mill, the tragedy. of
war was fully impressed upon the heroic family, but they were in
nowise daunted. Lieutenant Jackson was in the field again at
Fredericksburg, in December, 1862, and in 1863 he participated in
the Pennsylvania campaign and the battle of Gettysburg, being one
of the heroes of the intrepid charge of Pickett's division on July
3d. In this engagement he was twice wounded, and unable to re-
tire, fell into the hands of the Federals. Then followed over
seventeen dreary months of imprisonment, partly at the hospital
on David's island, but mainly at Johnson's island in Lake Erie.
When he was released the war was over, and with maimed body
and broken health he returned to Virginia to enter upon the duties
of manhood. After a year spent upon a farm in Dinwiddle county,
for recuperation, he went' to Petersburg. Tlien becoming con-
nected with the railway service, he removed next year to Norfolk,
where he has since resided, and with the exception of less than
six years' management of an agricultural implement business, has
been connected with the Norfolk & Western railway. In this
service he has been promoted to the rank of chief clerk of the
agents' department, a position of much importance and responsi-
bility, requiring the assistance of forty-two sub-clerks for the
transaction of the business. He is a man of many friends, and de-
sirable social and fraternal connections. Since the formation of
Pickett-Buchanan camp in 1883 he has served as its adjutant. He
is also a member of the Royal Arcanum and in Masonry is a
Knight Templar.

Richard Thomas Jacobs, a distinguished veteran of the Tenth
Virginia infantry regiment, was born in Madison county, Va., Oc-
tober 29, 1843. His father, William P. Jacobs, son of Nathan



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 961

Jacobs, a Virginian, was born in Orange county in 1815 and died
in Madison county in 1890. His mother, Emily Catherine, daughter
of James Haney, was born in Spottsylvania county in 1825 and
died in 1895. On August 12, 1861, before he had reached his
eighteenth birthday, Mr. Jacobs enlisted as a corporal in Company
L of the Tenth Virginia regiment. At the end of one year he re-
enlisted and was promoted orderly-sergeant, in which rank he
served throughout the remainder of the war. His regiment was in
the Third brigade of Stonewall Jackson's division until Jackson
fell at Chancellorsville, was then in the division of Gen. Edward
Johnson until it was shattered at Spottsylvania, and subsequently
was assigned to Gordon's division, commanded by Gen'. C. A.
Evans. Sergeant Jacobs participated in all the engagements of
his regiment from McDowell to Appomattox, and on three occa-
sions was slightly wounded. In the official report of the action
of the Tenth regiment at Chancellorsville, he is included in a list
of fourteen officers and men, nine of whom were killed, who wei-e
particularly conspicuous for gallantry and good conduct. For this
service he was recommended for the gold medal to be awarded by
the Confederate congress, and was chosen for the honor by the
unanimous vote of his company. After the surrender at Appo-
mattox, in which he participated, Mr. Jacobs made his home at
Norfolk, and found employment with the Virginia rail-
road, beginning a career in the railroad service which has con-
tinued to the present time. For twenty years he was in the serv-
ice of the Norfolk & Western railroad in various responsible ca-
pacities. He is a member of Pickett-Buchanan camp, and holds
the office of sergeant-major. He was married September 4, 1872,
to Miss Ida Virginia Stevens, of Norfolk, and they have five
children living.

Captain Charles F. James, of Danville, Va., was born in
Loudoun county, Va., November 13, 1844, son of Robert and Wini-
fred (Simpson) James, natives of the same county. They gave two
sons to the Confederate service, the other being Rev. John T. James,
of the Methodist church South, now stationed at Staunton, Va.
Charles F. was reared on the home farm, and with the preparation
obtained in the old field schools entered the Alexandria liigh school
in January, 1861. But this in.stitution was soon closed at the ap-
proach of war, and young James returned home and taught school
until the following June, when, though under seventeen years of
age, he enlisted in a company called the Blue Mountain Boys,
afterward known as Company F, Eighth Virginia infantry. He had
previously had military experience as member of a company of
cavalry called out in 1859 as a guard at the execution of John
Brown, and his merits as a soldier soon won him promotion to
second lieutenant. After the battle of Gettysburg he was pro-
moted captain of his company, the rank in which he served during
the remainder of the war. He participated in the battles of First
Manassas, Ball's Bluflf, where his regiment earned the title of "The
bloody Eighth," Williamsburg, Seven Pines, Gaines' Mill, Frayser's
Farm, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Drewry's Bluff, Gravelly
Run, Sailor's Creek, and numerous minor engagements. He was
twice wounded, slightly, at Second Manassas and Gravelly Run,
After the close of hostilities he returned home, taught school for a
time, studied at Columbian college, Washington, in 1866, and then



962 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

entered Richmond college, where he was graduated in 1870. In
1873 he was graduated by the Southern Baptist theological sem-
inary, of Greenville, S. C, and in the same year was ordained as
a minister in the Baptist church. In 1886 he received the degree of
doctor of divinity from Richmond college. Dr. James has been
in the active ministry since 1873, but has also given much of his



Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 106 of 153)