Clement Anselm Evans.

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After the war he was honored by the people of his native county
by election to the office of sheriff, which he held from 1875 to 1887.
At the close of his official term he removed to Richmond, where, in
1892, he was appointed to the position of deputy sheriflf.

M. Erskine Miller, deceased, a native of Alabama and later a res-
ident of Virginia, was reared in the State of Texas,. where he en-
listed in the military service of the Confederate States. He was
born at Huntsville, Ala., February 10, 1843, and, in 1850, accom-
panied his parents to Texas, where they made their home near
Seguin. In the fall of 1861 he enlisted in the service as a private
in Terry's Rangers, a cavalry command which was subsequently
employed almost entirely in scouting duty in Tennessee, Kentucky,
Alabama and Georgia. In this arduous and adventurous career he
was engaged until February, 1862, when he was compelled to accept
a discharge on account of ill health. In the following April, de-
termined still to serve the Confederacy, he became a private in
Hood's famous brigade of Texans, in the army of Northern Vir-
ginia, with which he served during the remainder of the war. At
the battle of Seven Pines, he was twice severely wounded, receiv-
ing injuries which disabled him for service in the field until his
brigade went with Longstreet to reinforce the army of Tennessee.
During this period of disability he was able, however, to render
valuable service as a recruiting officer at Wytheville, Va. In the
western campaigns he participated in the battles of Chattanooga,
Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. Returning to the theater
of war in Virginia, he served with his brigade until the surrender
at Appomattox. Subsequently he returned to Texas and was in
business there four years. On December 15, 1870, he was married
to Miss Harriette, daughter of Gen. John Echols, and, in 1871,
he made his home at Staunton, embarking in the wholesale grocery
trade. In 1875 he became interested in coal mining in West Vir-
ginia, and at the time of his death controlled five mines in the New
River district. He was also a director in the National Valley bank
of Staunton. In January, 1897, attacked by disease, he sought
health in California, but died there June 6th, following. He was a
man of remarkable business ability and strict integrity. Mr. Mil-
ler's father, James Mason Miller, Sr., is a native of Edenton, N. C.
His mother, Margaret, daughter of Michael Erskine, was born at
Lewisburg, W. Va. J. Mason Miller, brother of the foregoing,
was born in Huntsville, Ala., in 1846, but his parents removing to
Texas a few years later, he was reared and educated in the Lone
Star State. Early in the war he enlisted in the Sibley brigade, but
three weeks later was discharged at San Antonio on account of his
youth. Still anxious to render service to the Confederate govern-
ment, he enlisted a second time as a volunteer, in February, 1863,
becoming a private in Company K of the Thirty-third Texas cav-



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1041

airy. In this command he served during the remainder of the war
in the Trans-Mississippi department. His command, though faith-
ful in duty, was not called upon to participate in any notable en-
gagements, and was paroled at San Antonio in August, 1865. After
the war he remained upon his father's farm in Guadalupe county,
Tex., for six or eight months, and then went to Belmont, where
after attending school for a time, he entered his brother's employ-
ment. After the latter's removal he purchased the store and was
engaged in its management and subsequently in stock raising also,
until 1885, when he gave his attention to the stock business ex-
clusively until July, 1887, when he removed to Staunton, Va. There
he has since been a partner of his brother. Mr. Miller was mar-
ried in January, 1872, at Seguin, Tex., to Betty K., daughter of
Robb Miller. She died in March, 1884, leaving four children : Mary
P., Agnes E., Alexander E., and Betty K. Subsequently Mr.
Miller married Miss Fanny Braxton Young, daughter of the late
Col. John B. Young, of Richmond, Va., and they have two chil-
dren: Fanny Braxton and Margaret Erskine.

Polk Miller, of Richmond, was born in Prince Edward county in
1844, and was there reared and educated until he had reached the
age of sixteen years, when he came to Richmond and found em-
ployment as a drug clerk. In 1863 he participated in the military
duties of the local defense troops and took part in the defeat of
Dahlgren's raiders. In the spring of 1864, being about nineteen
years of age, he enlisted as a private in the Second company of
Richmond Howitzers, with which he served during the remainder
of the war. He was on duty on the north side of the James river
until August, 1864, after which he took part in the operations of
General Early in the valley of Virginia, joining him at Winchester
and continuing in that field until the following winter. He was
then stationed on the Appomattox in the Petersburg lines and
remained there until the evacuation. He piloted the medical de-
partment from Petersburg to Appomattox. Among the engage-
ments in which he participated were those at Fussell's Mill, Front
Royal, Charleston, Berryville, Sailor's Creek and Appomattox.
After the close of hostilities he returned to Richmond, and, in the
following October, embarked in the drug business, in which he has
remained since that time. During recent years he has gained a
remarkable reputation as a lecturer, during two years appearing no
less than four hundred and fifty times. He is a member of the
R. E. Lee camp and the Howitzer association.

Thomas Cecil Miller, of Lynchbur|;, who was a gallant partici-
pant in the service of the Eleventh Virginia infantry, until disabled
by wounds, was born in Pittsylvania county, in 1842, a son of
Samuel T. Miller. The ancestors of Mr. Miller have been Amer-
ican citizens for nearly two centuries, and have been prominent
and influential citizens of their various localities. His father, a
teacher and farmer, and soldier of the war of 1812, died in 1870, at
the age of eighty years; his grandfather, Thomas Miller, a native
of Cecil county, Md., was an ensign in the war of the Revolution,
with the Virginia troops, and served under Light Horse Harry
Lee and Nathaniel Greene, subsequently followed the profession
of teaching, and died at Chillicothe, Ohio, in 1820: his great-grand-
father, Samuel Miller, born in Cecil county, Md„ in 1735, was a



1042 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

prosperous farmer and a very influential citizen; and the first of
the line in America was his great-great-grandfather, Thomas Mil-
ler, born near Londonderry, Ireland, about 1693, who came to
America and made his home in Maryland. Thomas Cecil Miller
was reared and educated in his native county, and in his nineteenth
year responded heartily to the call of his State in 1861. He came
to Lynchburg in April to join the Home Guards, and, finding the
company had gone to Richmond, followed to that city and enlisted
as a private. He served in the battles of Blackburn's Ford, First
Manassas, Dranesville, Williamsburg, Seven Pines and Frayser's
Farm, in the latter action receiving a serious wound in the right
shoulder. He was captured by the enemy, but left in a field hos-
pital, and a few days later he was sent to Richmond, and thence
to Lynchburg, where he remained in hospital for two or three
months. The injury was of such a serious nature as to perma-
nently deprive him of the use of his right arm, and he could not
return to duty on the field. He served on hospital duty at Char-
lottesville several months, and then attended the university of
Virginia. At the close of the war he was paroled at Lynchburg,
and since then he has been engaged in the profession of teaching,
since 1871 having been thus occupied at Lynchburg. He was mar-
ried, October 23, 1873, at Chatham, Va., to Mary Hunt Coleman,
who died, leaving four children: Roberta Cecil, Claude Hamilton,
Sallie Hunt and George Coleman Cecil. His second marriage
occurred in 1890, to Helen Gregory.

Major William Henry Miller, since 1880 officially connected with
the United States pension office, at Washington, is a native of
Virginia, and a veteran of the Confederate States provisional army.
He was born in Botetourt county in 1833, but his family removed
during his infancy to Madison county and subsequently to Shen-
andoah county, where he spent his youth mainly and was edu-
cated until he was prepared to enter Hampden-Sidney college.
While he was a student there the war of the Confederacy broke
out and he entered a company organized among the students, under
the command of Dr. J. N. Atkinson, president of the institution.
He held the rank of second sergeant of this company of chivalrous
young Virginians, and with it was mustered into the service in the
Twentieth Virginia regiment of infantry. He served with this regi-
ment during the early days of 1861, and participated in the cam-
paign in West Virginia where McClellan and Lee were first pitted
against each other. At the battle of Rich Mountain, in the summer
of that year, he was captured, and paroled on the field by General
McClellan. Subsequently he observed his parole until exchanged
in August, 1862, when he returned to the service. The Twentieth
regiment had meanwhile been disbanded, and he re-enlisted as
second sergeant of the Twenty-fifth Virginia cavalry. In this ca-
pacity he remained with the regiment until January, 1863, when
he was appointed regimental quartermaster, with the rank of cap-
tain. In the following July, he was promoted brigade quarter-
master, with the rank of major, and in this capacity served during
the remainder of the war. He participated in the battles of Rich
Mountain, W. Va., Perryville, Lexington, Frankfort and Maysville,
Ky., Blackwater, Va., Chickamauga, McMinnville and Franklin,
Tenn., and at Petersburg served in the trenches until the surrender.



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1043

On the retreat he fought at the battle of Sailor's Creek, and es -
caped from that disaster to surrender at Appomattox. He returned
to his home with a capital of twenty dollars with which to make
a start in life. He found employment in farming, teaching school
for several years, and meanwhile became influential socially and
politically, and generally respected by the people. In 1880 he was
appointed to the position of chief of the miscellaneous section of
the eastern division of the pension office, which he has since held.
He is regarded as a faithful and trustworthy official. In 1869
Major Miller was married in Shenandoah county, to Mattie Miller,
daughter of the late Philip Miller, and they have four sons and
two daughters to brighten their home.

Captain Tuley Joseph Mitchell, a worthy business man of Ro-
anoke, Va., had a varied experience in the Confederate army, and,
throughout, was faithful and devoted to the cause. He was born
in Augusta county, and, at the time of the crisis of 1861, was pur-
suing collegiate studies in the university at Princeton, N. J. With
true loyalty to his State, he promptly returned to Virginia when
her action was decided upon, and, in June, 1861, became a private
in the Fifty-second Virginia infantry regiment. Soon afterward,
however, he was released from service, as being under age. In
1862 he again enlisted, as a private in the Fifth Virginia infantry
regiment, Stonewall brigade, and soon afterward was appointed to
the commissary department, under Major Ballard, with rank as
captain. After about one year's service in this capacity, he became
a member of the Eighteenth Virginia cavalry, with which he
served actively in the field until captured by the enemy in June,
1864. He was engaged in the battles of Moorefield, Grass Lick,
Williamsport, Sharpsburg, Strasburg, New Market, and New Hope,
mostly in West Virginia and the valley, in all of which he was
distinguished for soldierly conduct. During the aflfair at New
Hope. Augusta county, in June, 1864, he was slightly wounded in
the head and captured by the Federals. His life as a prisoner of
war was a long and tedious one, including three weeks at Camp
Morton, Ind., nine months at Johnson's island, Ohio, and then at
Fort McHenry, Point Lookout and Fort Delaware, until his parole,
by the assistance of his uncle, Hon. J. T. Thomas, and Hon. John
■W. Forney, in May, 1865. After the close of hostilities he engaged
in farming in Fauquier county, until 1893, when he removed to
Roanoke and engaged in real estate brokerage, his present occupa-
tion, in which it is gratifying to note that he has met with much
success.

James M. Moelick, of Pulaski City, rendered his four years'
service in the Confederate cause throughout a wide field, extending
from Manassas to Vicksburg. He is a native of Botetourt county,
where he entered the service, May 15, 1861, as a private in Company
I, Twenty-eighth Virginia infantry, which he joined at Lynchburg,
Va., and accompanied in the movement to Manassas, where the
regiment shared the glorious deeds of Cocke's brigade. On De-
cember IS, 1861, he re-enlisted with his company, the first in Vir-
ginia to re-enlist for the war, whereupon the company was trans-
ferred to the artillery service and was thenceforward known as the
Botetourt light artillery, Capt. Joseph W. Anderson commanding.
After receiving instruction in that line of service, the company



1044 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

joined the command of Gen. E. Kirby Smith in east Tennessee, and
was attached to the brigade of Gen. Seth M. Barton. He accom-
panied Smith's command in the Kentucky campaign. After the
return to Tennessee, Barton's brigade was transferred, under the
division command of General Stevenson, to the army of Lieutenant-
General Pemberton, in Mississippi, and his light artillery accom-
panied them. On May I, 1863, he and his comrades met Grant's
army at Port Gibson, after the Federals had landed below their post
at Grand Gulf, and General Pemberton in reporting this fight to
President Davis, said: "A furious battle has been going on since
daylight, just below Port Gibson. The Virginia battery was taken
by enemy, but retaken." Mr. Moelick was among the captured
of the artillery, and was subsequently confined as a prisoner of war
at Alton, 111., until June, 1863. Then being exchanged he subse-
quently rejoined his battery at Atlanta. He was then transferred
with the artillery, under the command of Capt. Henry C. Douthat,
to southwest Virginia and West Virginia, where he was with Gen-
eral Echols at Lewisburg, took part in the battle of Cloyd's Moun-
tain, and participated in the defense of Lynchburg against Hunter's
raid. In the spring of 1865, after the surrender at Appomattox, he
and his comrades abandoned their guns, at Christiansburg, and
returned to their homes. Since the war, Mr. Moelick has been
engaged in general merchandising. He was married, December 7,
1887, to Miss Alberta Davidson, and they have one son, James
Albert.

James D. Moncure, M. D., commander of Magruder-Ewell camp
at Williamsburg, was bom at Richmond, Va., August 2, 1842. His
father, Henry W. Moncure, a wholesale coffee and sugar merchant
of Richmond, was a descendant of the grandfather of George
Washington; and his mother was a daughter of John Ambler, who
served as aide-de-camp to General Lafayette, in the war of the
Revolution, was colonel of the Nineteenth Virginia regiment in
the war of 1812, and in 1785 organized the James City Troop, which
he commanded for twenty-five years. In his youth Dr. Moncure
spent eleven years in Europe, pursuing his studies in the university
of Heidelberg and the college of France, where he received the
degree of Bachelier es lettres et science. In i860, warned by the
increasing tension between the North and South, he returned to
Virginia, and in December entered the military institute at Lex-
ington. After the passage of the ordinance of secession, he was
ordered with the cadets to Richmond, where he served until July
19th, in the camp of instruction, drilling the volunteer troops. He
then enlisted as a private in the Ninth Virginia cavalry, with which
he served in all its campaigns, raids, battles and frequent en-
counters, until the close of the war, under the gallant leadership
of the Lees, Stuart and Hampton. He was captured at Chester's
Gap, on the retreat from Gettysburg, but managed to escape soon
afterward, i In the charge of his regiment at Aldie, in 1863, his
horse fell, and Dr. Moncure sustained a fracture of the skull (which
rendered him unconscious for some time), and the fracture of a
collar bone, but this mishap kept him from his command but six
weeks. After the close of hostilities, he attended the medical de-
partments of the university of Virginia and of the university of
Maryland, being graduated by the latter in 1867, and then continued



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1045

his studies at the medical college of Paris, in 1868, after which he
returned to America and embarked in the practice at Baltimore.
He subsequently practiced in Fauquier county, Richmond, and
Huntington, W. Va., until 1873, when he returned to Richmond
and became superintendent of the college infirmary. He founded
the Pinnell hospital at that city in 1876 and conducted it until
1884, when he laid down that work to accept the position of super-
intendent of the Eastern lunatic asylum, at Williamsburg, founded
in 1768, and the oldest institution of the kind in America. For
this position his profound acquirements as an alienist render him
peculiarly adapted, and he has very successfully administered the
affairs of the asylum. Dr. Moncure was married, in October, 1871,
to Ann Patteson McCaw, great-granddaughter of Surgeon Mc-
Caw, who served on the staff of Lord Dunmore, the last colonial
governor. She died in 1882, and in 1889 he married Blanche Elbert
Trevilian, great-granddaughter of Col. John Trevilian, of the Con-
tinental army.

Colonel E. B. Montague was among the many gallant Virginians
who rallied to the call of their State in the spring of 1861. He
entered the service as major of a Virginia battalion that was as-
signed to duty in the peninsula under General Magruder, and in
May of that year was in command of the troops at Yorktown and
Gloucester Point. He was engaged in the first battle of any note
fought on Virginia soil, that of Big Bethel, which at the time
was regarded a considerable affair and caused great rejoicing
throughout the South. Magruder's report of this battle compli-
mented Major Montague by saying that he, "with every officer
and every man under his command, did good service in the fore-
front of the fight." In the campaign of 1862 he served in the
peninsula and around Richmond. As colonel of the Thirty-second
Virginia, he led his regiment at Crampton's Gap and at Sharps-
burg. After the return from Maryland he was with Longstreet's
corps in its march to Fredericksburg and shared in that important
battle. At the time of the Chancellorsville campaign, he was with
the troops of the First corps that were in southeast Virginia under
General Longstreet. When Lee marched into Pennsylvania, for
the campaign which culminated at Gettysburg, Colonel Montague
was in charge of the defenses of Petersburg. In the campaign of
1864 he was in the lines at Petersburg under General Beauregard,
who conducted one of the most wonderful defenses known to mil-
itary annals, from the time that Butler landed at Bermuda Hun-
dred until Lee came to his relief, when pressed by the superior
numbers of Grant. Colonel Montague continued to perform the
duties of his position with gallantry and skill to the close of the
long four years' conflict.

Aristides Montiero, of Richmond, a distinguished physician, who
served as a surgeon in the Confederate armies, was born in Gooch-
land county, Va., January 12, 1829. He is the seventh son of Fran-
cis Xavier Montiero de Barros, a Castilian of great learning, who.
after taking an active part in an unsuccessful attempt to establish
a republic in Portugal, was compelled to remove to America. Dr.
Montiero studied in the university of Virginia and the Jefferson
medical college of Philadelphia, being graduated in medicine in
1851. He at once embarked in an extensive practise in Virginia,
Va 86



1046 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

and, in 1857, having married the daughter of John S. Cocke, of
Albemarle, made his home in that county. He cast the one vote
of his precinct for Douglas in i860 and earnestly opposed seces-
sion, but was second to none in the recognition of duty when war
came. Though selected by the county court as the official physician
for home duty, he resigned that commission and served as surgeon
with the Tenth Virginia cavalry in West Virginia. He was next
with Jones' battalion of artillery through the Seven Days' battles
and into Maryland, and with Nelson's battalion of artillery until
after Sharpsburg. After a short service with Richardson's battalion,
he served with Colonel Alexander's battalion of artillery from Jan-
uary, 1863, through Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and the Chicka-
mauga and Knoxville campaigns, until the spring of 1864 Subse-
quently he spent two months as one of the officers of the general
receiving hospital of the army of Northern Virginia, and then was
surgeon of the Twenty-sixth Virginia regiment, of Wise's brigade,
until he was asked for by Colonel Mosby. With that daring and
wonderful command he remained until it was disbanded, April 21,
1865. He then resumed his practice as a physician, removing to
Chesterfield in 1866, and to Manchester in 1870, where he was not
only prominent as a physician, but also busied himself as editor,
orator, banker, druggist and public official. In 1882 he removed
to North Carolina, and while there was elected to the medical staflF
of the Eastern lunatic asylum of Virginia, where he remained in
charge of the male department until 1887. In the latter year he
served six months in the United States quarantine in the Gulf of
Mexico. The doctor has a remarkable reputation as a specialist in
mental diseases. As an author, he has contributed to war liter-
ature that very interesting work, "War Reminiscences by a Sur-
geon of Mosby's Command."

Ellis M. Moon, a business man, prominently identified with the
tobacco trade of Richmond, was born in Halifax county in 1849,
where he was reared and given his primary education, which was
continued at the Hillsboro military academy in North Carolina.
After two years' study at that institution, he left the academy to
enter the Confederate service, though at the time but fifteen years
of age. He enlisted, in the winter of 1864, as a private in the Sixth
Virginia cavalry, becoming a member of Company G, of which
his brother, Thomas A. Moon, was captain._ With this command
he participated in a considerable number of important, famous and
hard-fought battles before the close of the war, doing a soldier's
duty through the desperate encounters in the Wilderness, and at
Spottsylvania Court House, at Yellow Tavern, where he was cap-
tured and thence carried around Richmond, _ until he made his
escape five days later at White House and rejoined his command
at Mechanicsville; at the second battle of Cold Harbor and at
Trevilian Station. Going into the Valley campaign with Early, he
fought at Winchester (where he had a horse killed under him), at
Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, Waynesboro, Berryville, and the raid
with Rosser to Romney and New Creek, on the Baltimore & Ohio
railroad. Subsequently he fought at Fort Kennon, on the James
river, and, after the evacuation, went to Greensboro, N. C, to
unite with the army under Johnston. Returning to Danville, he
was paroled there in April, 1865, closing an arduous military



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1047

career at the age of sixteen years. Then returning to his home in
Halifax county, he went from there to Baltimore to attend school.
In 1877 he made his home at Richmond and engaged in the tobacco
business, in which he has since been successfully occupied. His
brother, Capt. Thomas A. Moon, above referred to, served through-
out the war with bravery and distinction, until captured at Yellow
Tavern. He passed away in 1869.

David Evans Moore, a gallant and representative veteran of the
Rockbridge artillery, and since the war a prominent attorney at
Lexington, was born at the latter city, August S, 1840. He was
there reared and educated, being graduated in i860 by Washington
college after a regular course of study. Going then to Alabama,
he engaged in teaching school there until the crisis of 1861 arrived



Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 118 of 153)