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Brother. He has remained in this position to the present time,
with the exception of a year as general superintendent and man-
ager of the Wayne agricultural company, of Goldsboro, N. C, and
a year with the Tunis lumber company. His residence is at Berk-
ley, opposite Norfolk, where he is a member and now commander
of the Neimeyer-Shaw camp of Confederate Veterans, and has
taken a prominent part in local afifairs as president of the town
council. He was married May 3, 1866, to Pattie Carter, of Mur-
freesboro, N. C, who died April 26, 1867. On December loth, of
the following year, he married Maggie Tucker Butt, of Perqui-
mans, and they have four children living: Mary Johnson, wife of
John Harker, a wholesale lumber merchant of New York; Grace
Gordon, wife of Clayton R. Caskey, also a wholesale lumber dealer
at New York; Arthur Butt, in the lumber trade at Norfolk, Va.,
who married Agnes Mildred Chewning, niece of Col. John Bouie
Strange, of Albemarle county, and John Carl, in the ship broker-
age business at Norfolk, Va.

O. B. Morgan, of Petersburg, commander of A. P. Hill camp.
United Confederate Veterans, entered the military service of the
Confederacy in June, 1862, being then about seventeen years of
age and a student at Randolph-Macon college. He became a
member of a company of artillery, organized in Lunenburg county,
and, serving at first as private was promoted to sergeant-major
and finally to adjutant of his battalion. He was stationed with
his command at Chaffin's bluff, Va., and finally, during the retreat,
he took part in the disastrous battle of Sailor's Creek and was
wounded and captured. A week later he managed to escape from
his captors, and, then going to Hancock's corps and representing
that he was surrendered with Lee's army, he received a parole. As
soon after the war as conditions permitted, he engaged in mer-
cantile pursuits at Petersburg, and, from 1874 to 1888, was a
general commission merchant. At the latter date he turned his at-
tention to manufacturing, becoming the proprietor of the Virginia
bag factory and secretary and treasurer of the Magnolia manufac-
turing company. Mr. Morgan was born in 1844, the son of George
B. Morgan, a former merchant of Petersburg. In 1869 he was mar-



COiYFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1055

ried to Hope Alice, daughter of William T. Davis, president of
the Southern female college. Their children living are Olive Leigh,
wife of Rev. E. T. Dadmun; Capt. R. B., professor in the Virginia
military institute; Hope Alice; Robert M., principal of the military-
school at Martinsville; Richard D., George W.

William T. Morgan, a well-known business man of Baltimore,
is a native of Virginia, and served during the war of the Confed-
eracy in the army of Northern Virginia. He was born at Peters-
burg in 1840, and was there reared and educated, and in that city
passed the first years of his manhood. In the spring of 1862 when
it appeared that in spite of the great victory at Manassas the pre-
ceding summer the war was not yet over, and some hard fighting
was in prospect, he enlisted in the gallant Twelfth Virginia in-
fantry, then stationed at Norfolk, becoming a private in Company
E, known before the war as the "Petersburg Rifles." Upon the
evacuation of Norfolk by the Confederate troops he served in the
rear guard on the march to join the army in front of Richmond.
At Drewry's Bluff he served as a sharpshooter and in the two days'
battle of Seven Pines he participated in the action of his regiment
as a part of Mahone's brigade of General Huger's division. Here
he was wounded in the foot by a bayonet thrust accidentally given
by a comrade, which disabled him for six weeks. McClellan hav-
ing been driven back, the army marched against Pope at Manassas,
and in the campaign in that region in the summer of 1862 Mr.
Morgan participated with his regiment in Mahone's brigade of An-
derson's division of Longstreet's corps. Thence the army moved
into Maryland, arid he took part in the battle at South Mountain,
or Boonsboro, where he was badly wounded in the right hand and
right leg, the leg being broken near the hip by a minie ball. He
fell into the hands of the enemy, but was immediately paroled at
the request of Maryland friends, and tenderly cared for until suf-
ficiently recovered to return South, when he surrendered his parole
to the Federal authorities at Baltimore and was exchanged. Though
disabled for duty until December, 1863, he was able to be at the
battle of Gettysburg, and under fire, though not actively partici-
pating. In December, 1863, he was detailed for duty in the medi-
cal department, and attached to the headquarters of Gen. Robert
E. Lee, as custodian of the official papers of that department, and
lay assistant to the medical director, A. N. V. He served in this
capacity until the close of the war. During the siege of Peters-
burg he made application for a commission in the regular army of
the Confederate States, and was accepted and appointed lieutenant,
but in the turmoil of succeeding events the commission never
reached him. He was with the army in the retreat, was under fire
at Sailor's Creek and Appomattox, and surrendered and was pa-
roled with the remnant of the army of Northern Virginia. Re-
turning then to Petersburg he soon became engaged in the com-
mission business, rising to the position of cashier in the house by
which he was employed. Then he served three years as assistant
cashier of the Planters' and Mechanics' bank, of Petersburg, resign-
ing that position in 1874 to remove to Baltimore, <vhere he' entered
the grain and commission business, which he conducted until 1883,
then turning his attention to mining investments. The ancestry of
Lieutenant Morgan, on the maternal side, included patriots who



1056 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

served in battle for their State in years past, his great-grandfather
Whitworth, having been a lieutenant in the war of the Revolution,
his grandfather, Allen Archer, a captain in the war of 1812, and
his uncle, F. H. Archer, a captain in the Mexican war and a colonel .
in the war between the United and Confederate States.

Colonel Emmett M. Morrison, of Smithfield, Va., who made a
gallant record in the army of Northern Virginia, as commander of
the Fifteenth Virginia regiment, Semmes' brigade, McLaws' divi-
sion, Longstreet's corps, was born at the historic town where he
now resides, August 21, 1&4.1. His father was Edwin Morrison, a
native of the county of Isle of Wight, and descendant of a long line
of Virginia ancestors; his mother was Catherine Joyner, of the
same county. He entered the Virginia military institute in i860,
and, upon the military organization of the State, entered the Vir-
ginia service as second lieutenant and was assigned to the work of
drilling volunteers at Camp Lee. After six months of this duty he
was sent to Jamestown island, where he served as adjutant of the
post until the reorganization of the army, when he was elected
captain of Company C of the Fifteenth infantry. Immediately join-
ing his command at Yorktown, he participated in the battle of Wil-
liamsburg, and, during the following spring, was engaged in the
fighting at Seven Pines, Savage Station, Frayser's Farm and Mal-
vern Hill. In the latter engagement his regiment suffered the loss
of its colonel, lieutenant-colonel, major and senior captain, either
killed or wounded, and he was promoted major. In command of
his regiment, at Sharpsburg, he bore himself with great bravery in
the gallant charge made by his command on the extreme left of
the army, driving a superior force of the enemy from their entrench-
ments and a mile beyond, putting an end to the Federal operations
in that quarter. In this action half the officers and more than half
the men were killed or wounded, and Captain Morrison, falling
with a severe wound in the right shoulder, was captured by the en-
emy. He was held, as a prisoner, eight months at Baltimore, and,
then being exchanged, returned to his command to take the rank of
lieutenant-colonel, to which he had been promoted, to date from the
battle of Sharpsburg. He served in this rank until about three
months before the surrender, when he was promoted colonel. In
the disaster at Sailor's Creek, early in April, 1865, he was again
captured, and, being sent to Johnson's island, was held as a prisoner
until August following, long after the close of hostilities. His life
since then has been mainly devoted to educational work at Smith-
field, where he has served a quarter of a century as principal of the
Smithfield academy. During the same period he held the office of
county surveyor and for twelve years served as county superin-
tendent of schools. In 1894 he was appointed postmaster by Pres-
ident Cleveland. He was married, March 25, 1872, to Sarah A.,
daughter of the late Willis Wilson, a prominent citizen of the county,
and has three sons, grown to manhood.

James W. Morton, of Orange Court House, Va., rendered his
Confederate service as a member of the Fitzhugh Lee brigade of
Stuart's cavalry. He was born in Orange county, November 8,
1844. When eighteen years of age, in the fall of 1862, when the line
of battle between the great armies of Northern Virginia and the
Potomac had been drawn along the Rapidan and Rappahannock,



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1057

and his home county lay as it were upon the verge of the battlefield,
he enlisted as a private in the "Albemarle Light Horse," then en-
rolled as Company K of the Second Virginia cavalry, the regiment
of Col. T. T. Munford. With this gallant command he was a faith-
ful soldier during the remainder of the struggle, taking part in the
fights at ChancellorsviUe, Brandy Station, Aldie, Bristoe, Mine
Run, and the Wilderness campaigns, and many minor encounters
of cavalry. At Spottsylvania Court House, in May, 1864, he re-
ceived a wound in the left arm which disabled him for further
active service. After the close of hostilities he returned to his farm
home and soon afterward began the study of medicine, which he
continued at the university of Virginia. He then turned his atten-
tion to the study of law, and, beginning the practice at Culpeper, in
1870, has ever since been prominent in that profession. He served
as commonwealth attorney in Culpeper county for several years,
before his removal to Orange. Since 1891 he has held the office of
judge of the county court of Orange, and has given remarkable
satisfaction by the ability and impartiality of his service in this
honorable position. Judge Morton has also served as a legislator,
as a member of the house of delegates from Orange county, in
1887-88. He was married November 29, 1876, at Atlanta, Ga., to
Miss Emily D. Harper, of that city, and they have five children.

Colonel John Singleton Mosby, son of Alfred D. Mosby, of Am-
herst county, was born December 6, 1833, at Edgemont, Powhatan
county, the residence of his maternal grandfather. Rev. McLaurin.
At the age of sixteen years he entered the university of Virginia,
where his course of study was terminated by an unfortunate diffi-
culty with a fellow student, in which the latter was wounded. Mos-
by was punished for this aflfair by imprisonment, but the attorney
who had vigorously prosecuted him aided him during this confine-
ment in the study of law, the profession which he subsequently fol-
lowed at Bristol, Va., until the secession of Virginia. During his
residence at Bristol he married Pauline, daughter of Beverly J.
Clarke, of Kentucky, prominent in the United States Congress and
the diplomatic service. He was first advised of the action of the
Virginia convention, at Abingdon, and immediately enlisted in the
Washington Mounted Rifles, under Capt. William E. Jones. He
joined Stuart's cavalry at Bunker Hill, and made his first scout at
Bull Run. When Jones became colonel of the First Virginia cay-
alry he was appointed adjutant of the regiment, with the rank of
lieutenant. He captured his first prisoners in a scout from War-
renton in the spring of 1862. When Jones was transferred to an-
other regiment, Mosby was invited by Stuart to remain with him
as a scout, and, in this capacity, he made a reconnoissance prepara-
tory to_ Stuart's famous Chickahominy raid, and as guide led that
expedition. After the Seven Days' campaign, being sent in the
direction of Fredericksburg, he saw the opportunity for independ-
ent service in Fauquier county, and asked for such orders, but in-
stead was sent to General Jackson. En route he was captured, but
was^ exchanged in time to give Lee the information of Burn-
side s movement toward Fredericksburg, and serve with Stuart in
the Second Manassas and Maryland campaigns. He made an im-
portant scouting expedition before the battle of Fredericksburg
and soon afterward was granted independent command. General



1058 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

Lee, in his report of Confederate successes during the winter, no-
ticed that Lieutenant Mosby had done much to harass the enemy,
attacking him boldly on many occasions and capturing many pris-
oners. Thus began his famous operations, which continued through-
out the war, and contributed in no slight degree to the success of the
army. While in a sense independent, his command was always a
part of the cavalry of the army, and he made reports regularly to
General Stuart or Lee. During this period he was still of youth-
ful appearance — was not of imposing frame, scarcely of medium
height. In manner he was undemonstrative, but his brilliant gray
eye reveakd the gallant, and indomitable spirit of the man. In
friendship he was warm and tenacious. His mode of warfare, the
object of which was to cut off the enemy's supplies and disturb
his communications, was the same that made Platoff the hero of
Russia during the French invasion, and was commended by Jom-
ini. His men had no superiors in the saddle and were expert pistol
shots. They used neither sabers, nor carbines. They were never very
numerous, but what they lacked in numbers was compensated for
by high intelligence, inspired by reckless daring. Among them
were some who deserve to rank with the heroes of romance. His
rank in March, 1863, was captain, but he was soon promoted major,
and toward the close of the war had the rank of colonel. Often
large forces were sent against him, but he always evaded and fre-
quently defeated them, capturing many prisoners. In March, 186.3,
he captured the Federal General Stoughton, in camp near Fairfax,
and a number of his men. During the battle of Chancellorsville
he attacked a Federal cavalry brigade, capturing several hundred
prisoners. Near Chantilly, again, he defeated a large body of Fed-
eral cavalry, leading General Lee to exclaim: "Hurrah for Mosby I
I wish I had a hundred like him." Near Dranesville, with 65 men,
he defeated 200 of the enemy and captured 83 prisoners. One of his
most daring adventures was a reconnoissance in the Federal lines,
by order of General Lee, after the battle of Chancellorsville, in
which he and one companion captured six men, and with two of
them, rode undetected past a column of Federal cavalry. On an-
other occasion he rode in sight of the Washington capitol, and by
a countryman, sent President Lincoln a lock of his hair, a token
which Lincoln's keen sense of humor fully appreciated. In addition
to the numberless encounters along the border, he was of valuable
service to Stuart in all his famous raids, including the movement
into Pennsylvania, preceding the battle of Gettysburg. Another
very important service was his defeat of Sheridan's plan to join
Grant, in the fall of 1864, by rendering it impossible for the Federals
to rebuild the Manassas Gap railroad, necessary to furnish Sheridan
supplies and transportation. After the surrender at Appomattox,
it was understood that he was not to be included in the terms
granted to Lee, and on April i8th he made a truce with General
Hancock at Winchester, pending negotiations. General Grant se-
cured proper treatment of the brave officer and he surrendered at
Salem, April 21, 1865, having then 600 men in line. His subsequent
life was influenced greatly by the strong friendship between him
and the great general who had ordered his honorable parole. He
supported the candidacy of Grant for the presidency as the best way.
to restore amity in the Union, but declined office. Finally accepting



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1059

the consulship at Hong Kong, under the administration of Presi-
dent Hayes, he won distinction by the efficiency and integrity of his
official life. Subsequently he returned to the practice of law and
made his residence at San Francisco.

William H. Mosby, since the war a prominent citizen of Bedford
county, was born in Albemarle county, Va., within a mile of the
State university, and was reared there until he had reached the age
of eight years, when he accompanied his family to Amherst county.
He was earnestly in sympathy with the struggle of Virginia, against
the invasion of the Northern armies, but was too young during the
early period of the war to go to the front. But in October, 1863,
he enlisted in the famous Forty-third Virginia cavalry battalion,
commanded by his brother. Colonel Mosby, and was identified with
the services of the battalion during the remainder of the war. He
was on duty mainly along the Potomac, in Loudoun and Fairfax
counties, and in the Shenandoah valley, regions in which Mosby's
handful of troopers neutralized as many as thirty thousand Federal
troops, and prevented the contemplated movement of Sheridan
from Front Royal against Richmond. Private Mosby became
adjutant of this famous battalion at the age of seventeen years and
bore secret dispatches from the Confederate leader to General Lee,
which he had not yet delivered when the army of Northern Virginia
was compelled to lay down its arms. Subsequently he was associated
with Lieutenant-Colonel Chapman in a visit, under a flag of truce,
to General Hancock at Winchester, to ascertain the terms on which
Mosby's command could surrender, a trust which indicates the es-
timation in which his abilities were held by his comrades and their
intrepid colonel. He was once slightly wounded in a night attack
on Harper's Ferry, and, at Front Royal, in the fall of 1864, his
horse was shot and he narrowly escaped capture. After his parole
he returned to his father's farm and was occupied there until the
death of his father, when he removed to Bedford City and entered
the retail grocery trade. In March, 1883, through the personal
friendship of Gen. U. S. Grant, he was appointed postmaster at that
city, and in 1892 he was again appointed for a term of four years.
He is still engaged in mercantile pursuits and is prosperous in his
enterprises. In December, 1872, he was married to Miss Lucy
Booth, of Baltimore, and they have five children: Alfred D., Henry
B., Virginia, Annie and Robert O.

J. Edward Moyler, a prominent citizen of Petersburg, Va., who
was connected with the Confederate service, both as a cavalry sol-
dier and as a naval surgeon, is a native of Sussex county, born
August 26, 1841, the son of John Q. and Mary T. (Vaughn) Moyler.
Mr. Moyler was a student in the university of Virginia in 1861 and
was one of the "Sons of Liberty," the university company which
went to Harper's Ferry, April iSth. This company, commanded by
Capt. James T. Tosh, later aide-de-camp for General Colston, was
thoroughly drilled and, while at Harper's Ferry was armed from
the arsenal seized by the Virginia forces. On returning to the uni-
versity the company was disbanded, and Mr. Moyler then joined
the Sussex Light Dragoons, a cavalry company which was subse-
quently assigned to the Thirteenth Virginia cavalry regiment. In
this command he became assistant adjutant, but while the regiment
was at Brandy Station, in March, iBfe, he was detailed for duty in



1060 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

the hospitals at Richmond, having been a medical student before
his enlistment. He was graduated in medicine, in 1863, and was
then commissioned assistant surgeon. Confederate States navy. He
was assigned to the James river squadron and served upon the
Virginia, the ironclad which was built to replace the famous float-
ing battery which first bore that name and which served as the flag-
ship of Captain Pegram and his successors, Commodores Mitchell
and Dunnington and Admiral Semmes. He was stationed at Chaf-
fin's bluff until the abandonment of Richmond, after which he
joined the army of Johnston and surrendered at Greensboro.
Throughout his naval service he was in the midst of almost con-
tinual fighting and demonstrated, by his coolness, the fitness of his
professional association with the brave men of the James river
squadron. After the war he practiced medicine in his native county
until 1872, when he removed to Petersburg and engaged in the
business of real estate and insurance agency. As State agent for
one year in North Carolina he represented a large number of lead-
ing insurance companies and did a successful business. He has
rendered valuable service to the community for many years as mem-
ber of the school board, and is a prominent church worker and a
trustee of Bishop Payne's divinity school. In 1866 he was married
to Miss Mutie A. Owen, of Sussex county. Their five children liv-
ing are J. Edward, Jr., John, Mary Vaughn, Mutie A., and Harry
Lee, having lost one, Owen, by death, August S, 1894, at the age of
twenty-five. He was engaged in business with his father and was
also reading law.

Joseph A. Mudd, of recent years a resident of the city of Wash-
ington, a physician and journalist, was born at Millwood, Mo., in
1842. He was reared and educated in that State, and from 1857 until
i860 attended St. Mary's college in Perry county, where Abram J.
Ryan, subsequently known to fame as the "Poet Priest" of the
South, was his professor of English and history: He was among
those Missourians who were heartily in accord with the Confed-
eracy, and enlisted in June, 1861, as a private in Company B of the
First regiment. Third division, Missouri State Guards. After a
time in a Federal prison he entered the company of Captain
Penny, in independent service, acting in conjunction with the com-
mand of Col. Joseph Porter. He took part in the engagements at
Carthage, July S, 1861; Wilson's Creek or Oak Hills, August 10,
1861; Oak Ridge, July 17, 1862; Florida, July 22, 1862; Botts' Bluff,
July 24, 1862, and Moore's Mills, July 28, 1862, all in the State of
Missouri. After the latter engagement Dr. Mudd retired from the
service until March, 1864, when he entered the medical service of
the army of Northern Virginia as assistant surgeon and was as-
signed to duty at the Howard Grove hospital, at Richmond, Va.,
where he remained on duty until the close of the war. He subse-
quently resided one year in the District of Columbia, engaged in
the practice of medicine, after which he removed to Mexico and
resided for ten months at Cordova. Returning to his native State
he was there engaged alternately in the practice of medicine and in
conducting a newspaper, until 1883, when he went to Gatesville,
Tex., and conducted a newspaper at that place during the succeed-
ing three years. In January, 1889, he made his home at Washing-
ton, D. C, and with others established "The National Economist,"



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1061

with which he was connected as cashier and assistant business
manager during the following four years. Disposing of his stock
in the paper, he served as physician to the poor for a term of three
years. He is now editing the official organ of a prominent fra-
ternal organization. He maintains a membership in the Washing-
ton camp of Confederate Veterans.

James M. Mullen, judge of the hustings court at Petersburg, Va.,
is a native of Pasquotank, N. C, born September lo, 1845. He was
educated in the Hertford male academy in the county of Perqui-
mans, but when a few months past his sixteenth year he left his
studies and enlisted, in February, 1862, in the Confederate cause.
He became a private in the Virginia battery of Capt. S. Taylor
Martin, of Maj. Francis S. Boggs' battalion of light artillery. In
October, 1863, he was transferred to the North Carolina battery of
Capt. L. H. Webb, in the same battalion, in which he served until
the close of the war. In his address upon the "Last Days of John-
ston's Army," which has attracted much attention on account of
its faithful portraiture of the final days of the Confederacy, he has
described his service as one in which "the lines were cast in pleas-



Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 120 of 153)