Clement Anselm Evans.

Confederate military history; a library of Confederate States history online

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paratory school in Albemarle county. At the outbreak of the war
he enlisted in Company A, Sixteenth Virginia regiment, under
Capt. T. W. Smith, and served with that command during the war.
He took part in all of the engagements of his regiment until the
surrender and was at Appomattox at the time of that event. Subse-
quently he went to Williamston, N. C, and engaged as a clerk in
a mercantile establishment. He died in that city in 1866. J. D.
Daughtrey, of Suffolk, Va., a brother of the foregoing, through-
out the war was in the service of the Confederate government at
Richmond. He was born in Nansemond county, in 1842, the son of



1118 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

Mills C. Daughtrey, a prominent business man of Suffolk, who
died in 1857. He was educated at the university school in Albe-
marle county, and at the age of seventeen years began an appren-
ticeship as a machinist at Richmond. Two years later, when the
young men of Virginia were being called into the military service
he offered to enlist, but the great demand for skilled labor in the
production of military and naval supplies and munitions made it
imperative that he should render his service in the shop, rather
than on the battlefield. Nevertheless, he was a member of the
reserve forces at Richmond, for local defense, and participated in
several of the engagements about Richmond in which the various
Federal raids were foiled of their object. After the war he was en-
gaged for a considerable period as a locomotive engineer on rail-
roads in Mississippi, Louisiana and Alabama, until he was severely
injured in a wreck. Since 1889 he has been engaged in the publica-
tion of band music at Suffolk, doing an extensive business. John
Beauregard Pinner, a half-brother of those above mentioned, who
has taken an active part in the development of southeastern Vir-
ginia since the war, was born at Suffolk in 1861, son of John Frank-
lin Pinner, a business man who had the largest real estate holdings
in Suffolk at the time of his death in 1897. He was educated at the
Bethel military academy, Randolph-Macon college, and the uni-
versity of Virginia, and then embarked in the practice of law at
Suffolk, much of his time also being given to the management of
his extensive real estate interests. He has served as mayor of Suf-
folk two years, also as councilman, and as commissioner of ac-
counts for Nansemond county.

Adam H. Plecker, of Lynchburg, a gallant veteran of the Bote-
tourt artillery, is a native of the Shenandoah valley, born in Rock-
ingham county in 1840. He was reared in that and Augusta coun-
ties, and had embarked in the business of photography when he
abandoned all other occupations for the defense of the State. At
the time of the excitement caused by the efforts of John Brown and
his ailies, the Mountain Rifles, an independent militia company,
was organized in 1859, at Buckhannon, Va., and in this command
he enlisted early in 1861. It was mustered into the service of the
Confederate States May 14, 1861, with one hundred and fifteen
men, becoming part of the Twenty-eighth Virginia infantry. With
this regiment he served, as a private, eight months, after which
period the Rifles, on re-enlistment, was converted into an artillery
company, with six guns, known as Anderson's battery. In this
command Private Plecker was elected as gunner and served as
such during the war, refusing promotion. Just before the siege
of Vicksburg the name_ of the battery was changed to the Bote-
tourt battery, as which it was known until after having achieved a
splendid record, it spiked • its guns and disbanded at Christians-
burg, southwest Virginia, on the Tuesday following the fateful day
at Appomattox. Mr. Plecker served with the Twenty-eighth regi-
ment at the first battle of Manassas and in June, 1862, was with his
battery at Cumberland Gap, where the Federals were forced to
retreat into Kentucky. Then being assigned to service in the de-
fense of the Mississippi river, he was engaged at Bayou Pierre; at
Port Gibson, where a small force of Confederates made a gallant
stand against Grant's army at the beginning of his attack upon



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1119

Vicksburg from the South. Here his battery lost four guns and
about thirty of the company were killed and captured. At the
battle of Baker's Creek, or Champion's Hill, on May i6th, the last
stand made outside of the Vicksburg entrenchments, the company
lost two more guns and most of the men. During the subsequent
siege of Vicksburg, from the first assault on May 19th to the sur-
render on July 4th, he served faithfully in the defense of the Con-
federate lines under almost constant fire, enduring a mental and
physical strain which those who were there can never forget. After
his parole at Vicksburg he returned to Virginia and in May, 1864,
was engaged at New River Bridge, subsequently served in the de-
fense of Lynchburg against Hunter's advance, and at Rockfish
Gap, in contests with Sheridan's cavalry. In June, 1865, he was
paroled at Staunton, and returned to the valley of Virginia to take
up again his business as a photographer. Since 1877 he has resided
at Lynchburg and has been successfully engaged in that business,
having one of the leading establishments of the kind in that region.
Mr. Flecker is popular socially and is a member of the Masonic
order.

Charles T. Plunkett, a prominent citizen of Lynchburg, Va., and
a veteran of the artillery branch of the army of Northern Virginia,
was born in Appomattox county in 1846. When seventeen years
of age he entered the Confederate service in December, 1863, as a
private in Company A of the Twentieth battalion of artillery. He
served in the subsequent operations of this command, and about
April I, i86s, was promoted color-bearer. During the siege of
Richmond he participated in the fighting on the Brook road, and
after the retreat had begun he took part in several skirmishes with
the enemy and finally at Sailor's Creek, fell into the hands of the
Federals. He was subsequently sent to .Point Lookout as a pris-
oner of war and held there until June, 1865. After his release he
returned to Appomattox county, and in 1866 embarked in the mer-
cantile business at Spout Springs. In 1870 he was elected treasurer
of Appomattox county for a term of three years. In 1874 he made
his home at Lynchburg, and after a period in which he was em-
ployed as a salesman and bookkeeper, he became in January, 1876,
the cashier of the Lynchburg insurance and banking company, as
which he continued until July, 1882, when the company, having
retired from business, he embarked in insurance and banking on
his own account. This he has continued successfully since that
date. In 1869 Mr. Plunkett was married to Miss Viola, daughter
of Christopher Clark, of Campbell county.

Colonel William Thomas Poague, notable among the artillery
commanders of the Confederate States, was born in Rockbridge
county, Va,, in 1835. He is of a family long resident in Virginia,
descended from his great-great-grandfather, Robert Poague, who
came from the north of Ireland in 1738. He was educated at Wash-
ington college, receiving the degree of A. B., in 1857, after which
he engaged in school teaching for one year in Georgia. Returning
to Lexington he studied law, and desiring to make a career in the
West, removed to St. Joseph, Mo., where he was admitted to the
bar, and embarked in the practice of his profession. But the ex-
citing 'events of that winter convinced him that a crisis was at
hand in which he could be of service to his native State, and he



1120 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

returned to Virginia in December. In the following April he en-
tered the military service as junior second lieutenant of the Rock-
bridge artillery, and during his first year's service received promo-
tion to first lieutenant. At the reorganization in the spring of 1862
he was promoted captain of the battery, and in the following winter
was further advanced to the rank of major. At Chancellors ville
he served with the battalion of Maj. D. G. Mcintosh, but soon,
afterward a new battalion of four batteries was formed, attached
to the Third army corps, of which Major Poague was given com-
mand. In this capacity he served until the end of the war, receiving
further promotion in the winter of 1864, to the rank of lieutenant-
colonel. His first service in battle was rendered at Manassas in
1861, and in the fall of that year he participated in artillery skir-
mishes on the Potomac under command of Stonewall Jackson and
Turner Ashby. Subsequently he participated in the Romney ex-
pedition and the affairs at Bath and Hancock on the upper Poto-
mac. He served through the Valley campaign of Jackson, begin-
ning at Kernstown, as first lieutenant in the battery, and in the
subsequent retreat, doing effective service with the rear guard of
Jackson's little army, and was soon thereafter elected captain. At
McDowell, stationed at the Confederate center, he did an impor-
tant part in the defeat of the Federal forces. Continuing the fight
throughout .this campaign he was engaged at Middletown, in the
skirmishing on the way to Winchester, the defeat of Banks at
Winchester, the skirmishing to Harper's Ferry, and two days of
battle at Port Republic. Then accompanying Jackson's command
to Richmond, he fought at Cold Harbor, White Oak Swamp and
Malvern Hill. In the Manassas campaign of 1862, with Jackson's
corps, he was engaged at Cedar Mountain, sustained an eflfective
artillery duel at Groveton, participated in the action at Manassas
Station, and throughout the battle of Second Manassas was dis-
tinguished for valuable and intrepid service. Subsequently with
Jackson's command he took part in the reduction of Harper's
Ferry, and at Sharpsburg held an important position on the left
near the Dunker church. In December he was engaged at Fred-
ericksburg, during the following winter had several skirmishes
while engaged in picket duty on the Rappahannock, and during
1863 participated in the battles of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and
Mine Run, in these great struggles being equally conspicuous for
gallantry and skill. He took part in the opening attack upon
Grant in the Wilderness and after two days of battle on that field
was engaged in line of battle with firing every day for a week at
Spottsylvania Court House. Subsequently he took part in the action
at Jericho Ford and the discomfiture of Grant at Cold Harbor.
After a month's service at Petersburg he was stationed at Dutch
Gap from August, 1864, to March 31, 1865, in charge of the mortar
battery that was operated day and night at that point. On April
ist, he was in action at the time the lines were broken before Peters-
burg. During the retreat he fought at Cumberland Church and
other points, to Amelia Court House, where his battalion and that
of Mcintosh were selected to accompany the infantry of Lee's
army to Appomattox, during which movement he participated in
all actions up to the surrender. During this long and active serv-
ice Colonel Poague was fortunately wounded but twice, and both



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1121

at Cold Harbor, but he was on several occasions hit by spent balls.
After_ his parole he returned to Rockbridge county, where after
teaching school a short time he was occupied in farming until 1885.
At the latter date he was appointed treasurer and secretary of the
Virginia military institute. Since then he has rendered valuable
service to this famous institution, with which his widely known
military service renders it peculiarly appropriate that he should be
associated. Colonel Poague has also served in the legislature of the
State from 1871 to 1873.

Henry Robinson Pollard, of Richmond, prominent in the legal
profession and in the political afifairs of Virginia, was born in King
and Queen county, Va., November 28, 1845. From his native county
he entered the service of the Confederate States in October, 1863,
as assistant engineer in the corps of topographical engineers, with
the rank of lieutenant. He served in this capacity during one year,
assisting in the mapping of the south side of Virginia. Then desir-
ing more active service he became a private in Company E of the
Twenty-fourth Virginia cavalry regiment, and participated in the op-
erations of this command subsequent to his enlistment in October,
1864, until the close of hostilities. His record in the field embraces
the actions at Amelia Springs, Sailor's Creek, Farmville, and the
engagement at Appomattox on the evening preceding the surren-
der. At Farmville he was slightly wounded. He participated in
the surrender of April 9, 1865, and then returned to his home. Sub-
sequently he taught a school in Middlesex county, for one session,
and then entered the law school of Columbian college, Washing-
ton, D. C, where he was graduated in 1867. He embarked in pro-
fessional life in his native county, and soon attained distinction in
the practice of law and became prominent in public aflairs. From
1874 to 1886 he held the office of commonwealth's attorney for King
and Queen county, and from 1880 to 1889 represented the county in
the legislature of Virginia, gaining prominence in that body and
becoming widely and favorably known throughout the State. In
1886 he was the presiding officer of the State convention which put
in nomination Gen. Fitzhugh Lee for governor. In the year 1889
he made his home at the State capital, where his career has justified
the removal that gave him a wider field for activity. In the sum-
mer of 1898, without effort on his part, he was elected city attorney
for the city of Richmond. He is a prominent member of the
Baptist church, and from 1884 to 1886 served as president of the
Baptist general association of the State. The general appreciation
of his honorable career and valuable services to church and State
were appropriately recognized in 1892, by the conferring upon him
of the degree of LL. D., by Howard college of Alabama. Mr.
Pollard still cherishes the memory of the days of the Confederacy,
and maintains a membership with the veterans of R. E. Lee camp,
of Richmond.

Richard Pollard, of Lynchburg, was born in Nelson county
in 1829. He is a brother of the late Edward A. Pollard, famous
as a journalist at Richmond, and as one of the earliest historians
of the Confederate States, and a son of Maj. Richard Pollard, of
the United States navy, who served in the war of 1812, and was
subsequently United States minister to Chili during two adminis-
trations. Mr. Pollard was reared in Nelson and Albemarle coun-



1122 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

ties, and entering the Virginia military institute was graduated in
1849. Manifesting at an early age an ability that warranted im-
portant trusts, he was commissioned in 1851 to sail to China as
supercargo for Nye Brothers & Co., in the silk trade, and continued
in this business for nine years, making voyages to China, Siam,
and other countries. Abandoning this occupation in i860 he re-
turned to Virginia and at Lynchburg was married in the same year
to Miss Nannie Saunders, daughter of the late James Saunders,
M. D. With his wife he made a journey to Canada, and remained
there until the following year. On their return to Lynchburg he
suffered the loss of his wife by untimely death, and in the fall of
1861 he entered the Confederate service, in the engineer corps. He
served at the important defensive position of Drewry's bluff, at the
center of the Richmond and Petersburg line, until just before the
abandonment of that position, when he was ordered to New River
Bridge. Returning thence to Lynchburg, he was there at the time
of the surrender, and was paroled in May, 1865. In the following
August he made a trip to Europe and remained a year, after which
he returned to Lynchburg and made that city his permanent resi-
dence. For two years he was occupied in the dry goods trade, and
then entered the insurance business, in which he has since been
engaged.

John W. Poole, during his lifetime a prominent citizen of Peters-
burg, was born in Dinwiddie county, Va., in 1842. After he had
arrived at the age of twelve years he was a resident of Petersburg,
where at the outbreak of the war he entered the Confederate serv-
ice as a private in Company D of the Twelfth Virginia regiment.
He served with this command during the year 1861, and in 1862
through the battle of Seven Pines, June ist, and the Seven Days'
fight before Richmond, including Oak Grove and Malvern Hill,
and then, his health being seriously impaired by the arduous cam-
paigning which he had experienced, he was transferred to the naval
department, and placed in charge of the rope factory at Peters-
burg. He remained in this important service until the close of the
war, and then was engaged in the mercantile business until 1880,
v.hen he took control of what is now known as the Powhatan corn
mills, which he conducted until his death in 1892. His son, W. E.
Poole, who continues the business under the old firm name of J. W.
Poole & Son, was born at Petersburg in 1864, and was educated
at McCabe's school. In 1894 he was married to Miss Mary E.,
daughter of J. W. Young, who was a prominent business man of
Petersburg and a brave Confederate soldier. Mr. Young was born
at Petersburg in 1839, and died at that city in 1893. During the
first year of the war he held the position of assistant quartermaster
of the Twelfth Virginia regiment, Maihone's brigade, and during
the three succeeding years he saw active service as a member of
Graham's battery, with the exception of six months when he was
detailed to drill the home guards.

Jesse J. Porter, of Louisa Court House, Va., was born August
26, 1836, the son of James D. Porter. His father died in 1879, at
the age of seventy-seven years. April 17, 1861, Mr. Porter enlisted
as a member of a military company previously organized, left his
home for Harper's Ferry, where he assisted in the capture of the
place and its military stores. A month later he was engaged in a



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 1123

skirmish at Winchester, and thence made a raid to Romney. His
command became Company D of the Thirteenth Virginia infantry,
then under the gallant leadership of Col. A. P. Hill, afterward fa-
mous as a division and corps commander. He marched with John-
ston's army to the battlefield of Manassas, but his part of the forces
arrived in time only to see the rout of the Federals. Subsequently
he was in camp at Fairfax Station and later at Centerville. While
at the latter point five companies of the Thirteenth joined General
Stuart in the capture of Mason's, Munson's and Upton's hills, in
sight of Wa.shington, and held them several weeks. In the spring
of 1862 his regiment under Col. J. A. Walker served in Elzey's
brigade of Ewell's division, under Jackson in the valley, and was
particularly distinguished at Cross Keys. This service, and the sub-
sequent action of his regiment under Early, Ewell and Stonewall
Jackson, were shared throughout by Mr. Porter, who was promoted
lieutenant in April, 1862. During the Maryland campaign he was
absent from his command on account of a severe attack of typhoid
pneumonia, but returning to his company he fought at Fredericks-
burg and Chancellorsville, being within fifty yards of Gen. Stone-
wall Jackson when he was wounded. He was subsequently sent to
Richmond in charge of prisoners. At the opening of the fight in
the Wilderness, May s, 1864, he shared the gallant work of Ewell's
corps as a member of Pegram's brigade, repulsing the repeated
charges of Warren's corps. That night he served on picket duty
among the dead and wounded in front of his command, and on the
next day while participating in the repulse of the frequent heavy as-
saults of the enemy by his brigade, he received a severe wound in
the hip, which disabled him until the fall of 1864, when he found his
command at Winchester. In the battle at that place between the
commands of Early and Sheridan, all of his company save three
men were killed or captured. He was among those who fell into
the hands of the enemy, and he was subsequently held as a prisoner
at Fort Delaware until June, 1865.

Henry B. Poss, of Alexandria, a worthy veteran of Kemper's
battery, was born at Alexandria, June 26, 1841. He was reared and
educated in his native city, and before reaching his twentieth birth-
day became a soldier in the Confederate army. At the organization
of Kemper's battalion in February, 1861, he enlisted as a private in
that organization, and with it was mustered into the service on
April 17, 1861, beginning a career as a soldier that continued
throughout the war, and was extended by reason of confinement
in a Federal prison camp for many weary weeks beyond the date
of the surrender of the army of Northern Virginia. Notable among
the engagements in which he participated were the battles of Ma-
nassas of July 21, 1861, Savage Station and Sailor's Creek. At the
latter disastrous encounter he fell into the hands of the enemy,
and was subsequently confined at Newport News until the follow-
ing June. He then was paroled and permitted to return to his
home at Alexandria, where he resumed the occupation of carpenter
and builder, and soon afterward, in November, 1865, entered the
employment of the Southern railroad. He stiU occupies a respon-
sible position with this company, and is influential in the com-
munity and socially popular. He is a member of R. E. Lee camp,



1124 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

No. 2, Confederate Veterans. On November 24, 1868, he was
married to Miss Alice G. Cox, of Alexandria, and they have seven
sons living.

Lieutenant-Colonel Daniel Lee Powell, of the Nineteenth militia
regiment, afterward Second State reserves, was born in Loudoun
county, Va. He was educated and graduated at the Virginia mil-
itary institute, and was there prepared to render the most effective
service to his State in her day of trial. After the war Colonel-
Powell was engaged in educational work and for many years prior
to his death was in charge of the Virginia female institute at Rich-
mond. Thomas Temple Powell, son of the foregoing, was born
at Richmond, Va., July 15, 1865, and was educated in the Episcopal
high school near Alexandria, and the university of Virginia. After
his graduation in the latter institution he taught two years in
Maryland and then completed a law course in the university of
that State. In the fall of 1889 he entered upon the practice of law
at Richmond, and in 1892 made his home at Newport News, where
he has very successfully established the foundations of a prom-
ising career. In 1895 and 1897 he was elected to the house of del-
egates by the five counties of the peninsula, and in the fall of 1896
he was appointed superintendent of the public schools of New-
port News.

Edward Powell, now a prominent business man of Portsmouth,
did not participate in the military operations of the Confederate
army, but he labored during the period of the war in a sphere of
usefulness that was closely connected with the maintenance of the
Confederacy. During the year previous to the beginning of hos-
tilities he was a member of the Marion Rifles, of Portsmouth, but
when the company was called into active service, he was by reason
of his training as a metal worker, more needed in the navy yard
than elsewhere. He was employed by the government in the Ports-
mouth navy yard until the evacuation of that region in 1862, when
he was given employment in the shops of the Virginia Central
railroad during the remainder of the war. As an employe of this
road, so greatly in use for military transportation, he was very
closely connected with the military service, and he was certainly
loyal and faithful to the cause of his State. Mr. Powell was born at
Norfolk, January 11, 1842, the son of Moses and Margaret (Holly)
Powell, natives of Nansemond and Norfolk counties respectively.
The father died during his son's infancy, leaving the latter in the
care of the mother, who removed to Portsmouth, and died there
in i860. He was reared at Portsmouth, and apprenticed to the
coppersmith's craft, in which he became an experienced and skill-
ful artisan. After the war he returned to Portsmouth, but soon
afterward removed to Baltimore, where he remained a year. Again
becoming a citizen of Portsmouth he has ever since remained
there, where he is regarded as an influential and enterprising bus-
iness man. He has given his attention mainly to the stove, plumb-
ing and tinning business. He has served one term in the city
council and three terms upon the board of health. He is a mem-



Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 129 of 153)