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as Dearing's, and still later as Blunt and Dickerson's battery. At
the reorganization in 1862, he was elected second lieutenant, was


soon afterward promoted junior first lieutenant, and finally first
lieutenant. He participated with honor in the battles of First
Manassas, Yorktown, Williamsburg and Seven Pines. Then be-
ing detailed for several weeks on recruiting service he missed the
Seven Days' battles. Subsequently he fought at Fredericksburg,
Plymouth, New Bern and Little Washington, N. C, Gettysburg,
with Pickett's division. Second Cold Harbor and in the trenches
before Petersburg, until sent upon a mounted detail to Lynch-
burg, where he was on duty at the time of the surrender. At the
close of hostilities he farmed for a short time in Franklin county,
and then made his home at Lynchburg, where he was for several
years agent for the Lynchburg News. In 1868 he engaged in his
present business, that of a furniture dealer. His father, William
D. Thompson, also served in the Confederate cause, as a member
of the reserve troops at Petersburg. In October, 1863, Lieutenant
Thompson was married at Lynchburg to Mary, daughter of Al-
bert and Susan (Tucker) Waddell, and they have six sons and
one daughter.

Magnus S. Thompson, for a number of years past a resident
of Washington, D. C, and an official of the navy department of
the United States, served gallantly as a private in the army of
Northern Virginia. He is a native of the Old Dominion, born
July 31, 1846, near Winchester, in Frederick county, where his
father, Hon. William Broadus Thompson, then resided. When
he was yet a child the family removed to St. Louis, Mo., and sub-
sequently to a permanent home at St. Joseph, Mo., in both of
which cities the father engaged in the practice of law. At the out-
break of the war, the elder son, W. T. Thompson, joined the
forces' organized by his uncle. Gen. M. Jeff Thompson, who was
one of the leaders, with Price and Hardee, in the effort to unite
Missouri with the Confederate States. The career of Gen. Jeff
Thompson, and the gallant struggle of his command, and the
Mississippi fiotilla in which he was deeply interested, is one of
the many romances of the war in the West. Magnus S. Thomp-
son at that time was so young that the entreaties of his mother
kept him at home for some time, until she consented to accompany
him to Virginia. They reached Winchester in the latter part of
July, and when Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson made his headquarters
at that city he volunteered in his service as a courier. He served
in this capacity until the battle of Kernstown, when the solicitude
of his mother prevailed upon him to return with her to Missouri.
Two months later he obtained permission to go back to Virginia
and enter the army at the age of sixteen years. The Federal
blockade at that time was so strict that he accomplished the
journey only with great hardships and danger, and was compelled
to travel disguised in women's clothes during the major part of
the time. Entering the Confederate lines at Newtown he soon
found himself among friends, and enrolled in a company of par-
tisan rangers, commanded by Captain Trahour. This and other
independent commands were soon united in the Thirty-fifth Vir-
ginia battalion of cavalry, under Col. E. V. White, and young
Thompson was unanimously requested to accept the captaincy of
his company, but he declined the promotion, preferring to serve
in the ranks. Participating heartily in the adventures of this gal-


lant body of troopers he was in frequent danger, and it was his
peculiar distinction that he was captured oftener by the enemy than
any other Confederate soldier, so far as known. It was his mis-
fortune to be five times a prisoner of war; once, being wounded,
he was left on the field for want of ambulance facilities; twice he
escaped after capture; a fourth time he was paroled after the Get-
tysburg battle; and the last time he experienced imprisonment
under peculiar hardships at Fort McHenry. During six weeks of
his detention there he was kept in a dungeon and fed with bread
and soup once a day, and for nearly three months he was put to
work on the streets of Baltimore and at the rolling mills at Locust
Point. Declining to take the oath he was held in this imprison-
ment until June, 1865. During his service he was wounded near
Berryville, while participating in a raid, and in the subsequent
race for liberty was chased five miles and two horses were killed un-
der him. A detailed account of his romantic and dangerous experi-
ences would amply illustrate the daring of the young Southern
troopers. After his final parole he resided at Berryville, Va , for
several years, and in 1876 removed to Washington, where he
served as a clerk in the navy yard until his promotion in 1884
to the position of chief clerk of the department of files, records
and supplies. He maintains his comradeship with the soldiers of
the Confederacy and has membership in the camps at Washington
and Leesburg of the United Confederate Veterans.

Alexander Thurman, chief of the fire department of Lynch-
burg, was well prepared for his position by active and brave serv-
ice as a Confederate soldier. He was born at the city he now so
faithfully protects, in 1845, and being but a boy when the war
began, was not able to enter the Confederate army; but in 1861-62
he served as volunteer fireman of the city, the able-bodied young
men being at the front. January i, 1863, he entered the Virginia
military institute and accompanied the corps of cadets in three
or four of their expeditions against the invaders. Seeing the need
of his State for all her sons who were able to bear arms, he was
not content to remain there, and left in December, 1863, imme-
diately entering the army in Company B, Second regiment of Vir-
ginia cavalry, in the brigade of Gen. T. T. Munford, in which he
served until the close of the war. In the period of the
struggle which followed that date were crowded many romantic,
gallant and desperate encounters, in which, as a daring trooper, he
did his share in maintaining the brilliant reputation of the Vir-
ginia cavalry. A mere outline of the battles in which he took
part, sometimes dismounted, as at Cold Harbor, repelling the des-
perate and repeated attacks of the enemy, will give an idea of
his seryice and that of his command. The list includes the seven-
teen days' fighting in the Wilderness and at Spottsylvania Court
House, Meadow Bridge, Second Cold Harbor, Hawe's Shop,
Nance's Shop, Reams' Station, Winchester, Cedar Creek, Tom's
Brook, Bridgewater, Catherine Furnace, Fisher's Hill, Wier's
Cave, Waynesboro, Trevilian Station, Louisa Court House, Yel-
low Tavern and Front Royal. About March 25, 1865, he was
stricken with illness, and was sent to hospital at Lynchburg, where
he was still disabled when the war came to a close, and was pa-
roled in May, i86s. In 1869 he removed to Missouri, and re-
mained there a year, engaged in railroad surveying. Returning


to Lynchburg he engaged in wood manufacture, and in 1872 was
appointed inspector of lumber at Lynchburg by Gov. James L.
Kemper. He held this office two years and then resumed the
manufacture of building material. From 1879 to 1883 his business
was in the feed trade, and at the latter date he was appointed to
the office of chief of the fire department. In 1887 he was married
to Mary A. Sanderson, of New Kent county, Va. Mr. Thurman's
family contributed nobly to the Confederate cause. His brother,
Powhatan Thurman, born in Lynchburg in 1841, enlisted in April,
i^i, in the Eleventh Virginia infantry, served eighteen months,
detailed in the quartermaster's department, and re-enlisted in the
Second cavalry in March, 1864, and served until the close of the
war. He died in Lynchburg in 1882. Another brother, Samuel
Thurman, enlisted in the summer of 1864 in Booker's reserve regi-
ment, and took part in the battle at High Bridge. He is now
living at Jefferson, Tex. Two other brothers, Charles and Edwin
Randolph Thurman, were too young to render any service, beyond
taking charge of their five sisters, while the older ones were at the
front. The father of these young soldiers, Samuel B. Thurman,
who died in 1892 at the age of seventy-seven years, served in the
home guard at Lynchburg during the war. Richard Thurman,
the great-grandfather of Mr. Thurman, was long known as
"Uncle" Thurman at Lynchburg. He was a devout member of
the Methodist church, greatly aiding in its extension by his blame-
less life and example, and the warmth with which he participated
in religious services, as well as by that tender love of all men that
characterized his whole life. When a young man he served on the
staff of General Washington, and was accorded the privilege and
honor of residing for some time, during the war of the Revolution,
with Washington and Lafayette, in that small stone building in
the city of Richmond, now so much reverenced on account of its
former distinguished inmates. When General Lafayette revisited
Richmond in 1825, "Uncle" Thurman called upon him, attired
in the same clothes he had worn at the stone house. The general
recognized him at once, received him with open arms, and shed
tears of emotion as he recalled the hardships of the Revolutionary

Stephen Davis Timberlake, commander in 1896-97 of Stonewall
Jackson camp, No. 25, U. C. V., at Staunton, Va., was born near
Winchester, Frederick county, February 20, 1846. He is the son
of Stephen D. and Frances A. Timberlake, and is descended from
a long lineage in Virginia with a worthy record. His grand-
father, Lieut. Henry Timberlake, and two of his brothers, served
in the war of the Revolution. He was yet in school when Vir-
ginia became the theater of war in 1861, but after he had reached
his sixteenth year he enlisted as a private in Company B "of the
Twelfth Virginia cavalry, the command of the gallant Col. Turner
Ashby, and served with this regiment in nearly all the battles of
the army of Northern Virginia, from April, 1862, until the close
of the war. Soon after his enlistment he participated in Jack-
son's campaign in the valley, fighting at Winchester, Cross Keys
and Port Republic. In the Wilderness fight he was at the front
with his regiment, and in other great battles and in many minor
afJairs did his duty bravely, ' but fortunately and remarkably es-
caped without a scratch from the enemy's bullets, until the latter


part of the war, when he was slightly wounded. He was in the
cavalry fights at Reams' Station and Trevilian's, took part in the
famous capture of Grant's cattle, and with Rosser's brigade fought
under Early in the valley. On June 9, 1863, during an engage-
ment at Brandy Station, he was taken prisoner and afterward was
confined for sixty days in the Old Capitol prison, at Washington,
but being exchanged was able to rejoin his regiment at the same
place at which he was forced to leave it. At Warrenton Springs
his company made a spirited charge upon a Federal regiment and
put it to flight, under the eyes of Gen. R. E. Lee and General
Stuart. The commander-in-chief was so pleased by their bravery
that he immediately granted the entire company a furlough for
ten days. After the surrender Mr. Timberlake engaged in mer-
cantile pursuits, first at Martinsburg, W. Va., then at Frederick
City, Md., and in 1871 at Staunton, which has since that date
been his home. Here he has been notably successful in business,
conducting one of the leading mercantile establishments of the
city. He was one of the charter members of the Stonewall Jack-
son camp, and has been active in its interests, and in the cause
generally of his comrades of the Confederate armies. He was
married in 1873 to Miss Nannie Bell, and has an interesting family.
One son, Stephen D. Jr., is a graduate of Washington and Lee
university, class of 1896, and is engaged in the practice of law.
The mother and two daughters are active members of the Daugh-
ters of the Confederacy.

James G. Tinsley, of Richmond, gallantly associated with the
service of that noted artillery organization, the Richmond Howit-
zers, during the war of the Confederacy, is a native of Han-
over county, Va., born in 1843. He was reared in that county and
after receiving the preparatory education entered Hampden-
Sidney college, where he was yet a student when the military
forces of Virginia were called out to defend her territory. Leaving
school in October, 1861, he enlisted as a private in the Howitzers,
and during the remaining three and a half years of struggle, shared
their service in camp and field. Among the important engage-
ments in which he took part, those most noteworthy in his career
as a soldier were Wind's Mill, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville,
Winchester, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Spottsylvania Court House,
where he fought in maintaining the heroic stand of Lee's army
on the pth, loth, 12th and i8th of May, 1864; Cold Harbor, where
he worked the guns under fire for two days; Middletown, Deep
Bottom, all names that recall to the veterans of the Howitzers and
those familiar with their history, many deeds of daring and des-
perate endurance. When all was done he was paroled at Rich-
mond in May, 1865, and then quietly returned to the work of civil
life. For many years he was occupied upon his farm in Hanover
county, with gratifying success, but in 1881 he embarked in busi-
ness at Richmond, where he is now a prosperous and influential

Colonel H. B. Tomlin, first commander of the Fifty-third Vir-
ginia infantry, gave his services unstintedly to Virginia and went
into the field though at an advanced age when the war was begun.
He was commissioned colonel of the Fifty-third when it was or-
ganized in January, 1862, from the battalion of four companies
which he previously commanded with the rank of major, four


companies under Major Montague, and two under Major Wad-
dell. He served first with General Magruder on the peninsula,
and in March, 1862, was attached with his regiment to General
Armistead's brigade at Suffolk. He there served under Generals
Randolph and Loring, making an expedition into North Carolina
to repel an advance of the enemy. In May the regiment accom-
panied Armistead's brigade to Richmond, and participated in the
battle of Seven Pines and the Seven Days' campaign, in the clos-
ing battle of which, Malvern Hill, Colonel Toralin was slightly
wounded. He subsequently took part in the battles of Second
Manassas and the Maryland campaign, but his health then failed
him, and after the battle of Sharpsburg he was compelled to retire
from the service, Col. William R. Aylett succeeding to the com-
mand. The resignation of Colonel Tomlin was sincerely regretted
by the officers and men of his regiment. At the time of his return
to civil life he was a member of the Virginia legislature, his whole
service in that body covering a period of seventeen years. A
brother of Colonel Tomlin, Robert W. Tomlin, born in Virginia
in 1814, was a man of notable scientific attainments vfho followed
the profession of civil engineering, and was for a long time associat-
ed with the construction of the James River & Kanawha canal from
Richmond to Lynchburg. In later years he engaged in farming
and died in Hanover county in 1862. His wife was Hester Van
Bibber Braxton, a daughter of Carter Braxton, of Middlesex
county, and a lineal descendant of that Carter Braxton who was
one of the signers of the declaration of independence. Robert
W. Tomlin, son of the latter, was born in Hanover county De-
cember 18, i860. At the age of fifteen years he entered Randolph-
Macon college, where he was graduated at the age of twenty years
with the degree of A. M. He then engaged in teaching for sev-
eral years, first as principal of the Gatesville, N. C, school, and
later in McGuire's university high school at Richmond. In the
fall of 1885 he entered the law department of the university of
Virginia, and after accomplishing the two years' work in one was
graduated in June, 1886. During the following October he estab-
lished himself at Norfolk, where he has met with notable success
as an attorney, and has the promise of a distinguished career. On
July I, 1896, he received the appointment of police justice. He
was formerly a member of the Fourth Virginia regiment of mi-
litia, and during five years discharged most acceptably the duties
of captain and adjutant of the regiment, a rank to which he was
promoted from that of sergeant.

Chatham Moore Towers, a native of Virginia, who was in the
Confederate service during the entire war, and is now promi-
nently connected with the city postoffice at the national capital,
was born at Winchester in 1840. At the age of five years he ac-
companied his family to Washington, where he was reared and
educated. At the outbreak of the war of the Confederacy the
love of his native valley called him back to its defense, and nearly
all his duty in the field was in the Valley campaigns. He entered
the service just before the battle of Philippi, as a private in the
Hardy Blues, a volunteer organization which was assigned to the
Twenty-fifth Virginia regiment of infantry, in the command of
Brig.-Gen.. Robert S. Garnett, who was conducting a campaign
from Beverly, W. Va. In this attempt to hold West Virginia


Private Towers fought at the battles of Rich Mountain, Peters-
burg, Greenbrier Run, and Allegheny Mountain. In the follow-
ing spring, with his regiment in the army of the Northwest,
under command of Gen. Edward Johnson, he participated in the
Valley campaign under Stonewall Jackson, fighting at McDowell,
Front Royal and Winchester. At the latter engagement he was
captured- by the enemy before their retreat, and subsequently was
confined at the Old Capitol prison until his parole in September,
i86z. Upon being exchanged, in the following December, he en-
tered the ordnance department at Richmond as ordnance mes-
senger, and was engaged in the conveying of ordnance from Rich-
mond to Wilmington, N. C, and carrying supplies to blockade
runners for about eight months. He then re-enlisted in the
Twenty-third Virginia regiment of cavalry as a private, and being
later promoted to sergeant, participated in the campaigns of Breck-
inridge and Early in the valley, fighting at the battle of New
Market, and in skirmishes along the Potomac, in the campaign
against the Hunter expedition, including the battle of New Hope
Church, an affair at Waynesboro, skirmishing on the way to Lynch-
burg and the battle there, and finally the battles with Sheridan
in the vicinity of Winchester. At the conclusion of the war Ser-
geant Towers returned to Washington, but soon went into busi-
ness at Richmond for a year, and after that in Cumberland county.
In 1873 he made his home permanently at Washington, and be-
came employed in the city postoffice, where he is now assistant
superintendent. He is a member of the local association of Con-
federate Veterans.

Adam Tredwell, a prominent citizen of Norfolk, Va., was born
at Brooklyn, N. Y., February 13, 1840, whence his parents had
removed from North Carolina. He is the son of James Iredell
Tredwell, a native of Edenton, N. C, who removed to Brooklyn
and there died. His mother, Mary Bonner Blount, also a native
of Edenton, returned to North Carolina after her husband's death,
and died in August, 1870. Paternally Mr. Tredwell is descended
from the New England Puritan stock, his seventh grandfather,
in direct descent, being the famous John Alden, secretary of the
Mayflower colony. Both his father's and mother's ancestors were
of the Episcopal faith, and include- six bishops of that church.
Mr. Tredwell was reared and educated in North Carolina, and at
the time when that State was deliberating regarding her position
in the conflict impending in 1861, he became a member of the
Washington Greys, destined for service in the Confederate cause.
He served with this command about five months and was then, in
the early part of the summer of 1861, transferred to the navy of
the Confederate States as private secretary of Commander William
T. Muse. He served in the naval engagement at Hatteras and
then accompanied Commander Muse to Wilmington, where he re-
mained until the end of the war. In the summer of 1862 he was
commissioned assistant paymaster in the regular navy of the Con-
federate States, serving on the staflf of Commodore Lynch and
Commodore Pinckney, and continuing in that capacity at the
Wilmington naval station until the close of hostilities. Since
1867 he has made his home at Norfolk, where he has been en-
gaged in a number of important enterprises, and has been active


in the improvement and betterment of the city. He has been
prominently connected with the cotton and fertilizer business is
president and treasurer of' the Poconoke guano company, and
smce Its reorganization in 1894, has been secretary, treasurer and
purchasing agent of the Atlantic & Danville railroad. For six
years he was chairman of the Norfolk street, sewer and drainage
commission, and during this period nearly all the principal streets
of the city were paved, and half the city was provided with sewers.
He IS a member of Pickett-Buchanan camp, St. Paul's Episcopal
church, and the orders of Masonry and Odd Fellows. August 9,
1866, he was married to Annie Mary Baker, who died November
IS, 1886, leaving three children: Sarah Collins, wife of William
H. Kennedy; Mary Blount and William Baker. On December
9, 1896, he was married to Miss Elizabeth Perkins Roy, of Wash-
ington, D. C.

Lieutenant Henry S. Trout, a gallant veteran of Pickett's divis-
ion of the army of Northern Virginia, who since the war has
been one of the most distinguished citizens of Roanoke, Va., was
born in Roanoke county in 1841. In May, 1861, he enlisted as a
private in the Twenty-eighth Virginia infantry, and served until
his capture at Sailor's Creek, winning promotion to sergeant at
the close of his first year and a year later to lieutenant of Com-
pany I. He participated in the Seven Days' fighting before Rich-
mond, receiving a wound in the leg at Gaines' Mill; in the battle
of South Mountain, Md., where he was wounded in the head; in
the battles of Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg and two days at Get-
tysburg, including the charge of Pickett's division, of which he
is one of the survivors, and the eight months' fighting on the
lines about Petersburg. After his capture at Sailor's Creek he
was held as a prisoner of war at Johnson's island until July, 1865.
After his release he returned to his native county and engaged
in farming until 1880. Since that date he has been prominently as-
sociated with the development of the city of Roanoke. He served
four years in the Virginia house of delegates from Roanoke
county, and four years as senator from the Fourth district. In
the city he has served in the city council and as mayor in 1893,
in the latter position being wounded during a riot. In business
affairs he is prominent as president of the Iron Belt building as-
sociation, president of the Roanoke street railway company and
president of the First national bank.

Beverly D. Tucker, rector of St. Paul's church at Norfolk, and
chaplain of Pickett-Buchanan camp, was born at Richmond, No-
vember 9, 1846. His family is illustrious in the history of Vir-
ginia. His father. Col. Beverly Tucker, a half-nephew of John
Randolph, of Roanoke, born at Winchester in 1820, was editor
of the Washington (D. C.) Sentinel and in 1857, at the age of
thirty-seven years, was appointed by President Buchanan, consul-
general at Liverpool; resigned that position at the inauguration
of President Lincoln and returned home to enter the service of
his State; was commissioned colonel by President Davis and sent
upon a confidential mission to France; returned to Richmond in
1873 and after a short service in the field with a cavalry com-
mand, was sent to Canada to make secret negotiations for the
exchange of cotton for bacon for the army; at the close of the
war went to England and thence to Mexico as correspondent for


London papers, remaining until the fall of Maximilian; from 1868
until his death in 1890, was a resident of Washington, D. C. His
grandfather, Henry St. George Tucker, member of Congress, pro-
fessor of law at the university of Virginia and president of the

Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 142 of 153)