Clement Anselm Evans.

Confederate military history; a library of Confederate States history online

. (page 57 of 153)
Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 57 of 153)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


lieutenant-colonel; Abbitt, Wyatt, colonel.



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 671

One Hundred and Seventy-ninth Militia regiment; Morris, Robert
F., colonel; Richardson, John H., colonel.

One Hundred and Eighty-fifth Militia regiment : Darst, James H. ,
major.

One Hundred and Eighty-ninth Militia regiment: Rowan, John
M., colonel.

One Hundred and Ninty-eighth Militia regiment: Compton, John
R., colonel.

Botetourt regiment (Home Guard): Aunspaugh, Charles, major;
Burks, Richard H., colonel; Burks, Robert S., lieutenant-colonel.

Cohoon's Infantry battalion (see also Sixth battalion North Caro-
lina Infantry) : Cohoon, John T. P. C. , lieutenant-colonel.

French's Cavalry battalion (merged into Thirty-second regiment) :
Goggin, James M., major.

Harris' Heavy Artillery battalion (disbanded June lo, 1862):
Harris, N. C, lieutenant-colonel.

Henry's regiment Reserves: Henry, P. M., colonel; Hobson,
Joseph A., lieutenant-colonel; Reynolds, A. D., major.

Jackson's Cavalry battalion (afterward Jackson's Tenth Cavalry) :
Jackson, William L., lieutenant-colonel.

Jackson Hospital battalion: Scott, H. C, major.

Keen's Infantry battalion (merged into Fifty-seventh regiment):
Keen, Elisha F., major.

Montague's Infantry battalion (attached temporarily to Thirty-
second regiment, August 19, 1861. Afterward, November g, 1861,
merged into Fifty-third regiment): Montague, Edgar B., major.

Mosby's regiment Partisan Rangers: Chapman, William H., lieu-
tenant-colonel; Mosby, John S., colonel; Richards, A. E., major.

Morris' Independent Infantry battalion: Morris, Z. F., acting
major.

O'Ferrall's, Cavalry battalion (merged into Twenty-third Cavalry):
O'Ferrall, Charles T., major.

Richmond Howitzers (also called Richmond battalion) : Randolph,
George W., major.

State Line Artillery : Jackson, Thomas E. , colonel.

Stuart Horse Artillery battalion : Beckham, R. F., major; Pelham,
John, major; Williams, S. C, lieutenant-colonel.

Swann's Cavalry battalion : Swann, Thomas B., lieutenant-colonel.

Tomlin's Infantry battalion (merged into Fifty-third Infantry):
Tomlin, Harrison B., major.

Waddill's Infantry battalion (Company A of this battalion went
into Fifty-third Infantry): WaddiU, George M., acting major.

Wade's regiment Reserves: Wade, James M., colonel.



41°



B



39°




COMPIUED F



OFFICIAL WAR REI



1838



By Couptesy of the Chesapeake
scale op statute.







/ >4^/




BIOGRAPHICAL.



573



MAJOR-GENERALS AND BRIGADIER-GENERALS, PRO-
VISIONAL ARMY OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES^
ACCREDITED TO VIRGINIA.

Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson, of Virginia,
was a graduate of the United States military academy,
class of 1836. He was appointed to a lieutenancy in the
Third artillery. He served for a time as assistant engi-
neer in the engineer bureau at Washington, and on July
I, 1837, was transferred to the corps of engineers as
brevet second lieutenant. In this line of duty he assisted
in the building of Fort Pulaski, at the entrance of the
Savannah river. He resigned his commission September
30, 1837, to accept the position of assistant engineer of
the State of Virginia; was chief engineer of the Valley
turnpike company, 1838-41, and subsequently, until the
outbreak of war, was head of the firm of Joseph R.
Anderson & Co., proprietors of the Tredegar iron works
and cannon foundry at Richmond. Entering the Con-
federate army, he was commissioned brigadier-general in
September, 1861, and was assigned to command of the
Confederate forces at Wilmington, N. C. Early in the
spring of 1862, he was called to Virginia, and on April
25, 1862, he was ordered with his brigade to the vicinity
of Fredericksburg, where General Field was then sta-
tioned, and instructed by General Lee to assume command
in that quarter, attack the enemy or confine his field of
operations. Fredericksburg was occupied by McDowell's
Federal troops, and Anderson commanded the Confed-
erate force confronting him during the Peninsula opera-
tions under Johnston. He was then assigned to a new
division formed under A. P. Hill, and in command of the
Third brigade of Hill's light infantry, he participated in
the battles of Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill and Frayser's
Farm. In the latter he was particularly distinguished
in the gallant action of his Georgia brigade, and was
seriously wounded. He resigned July 19, 1862. Sub-
sequently he gave his attention to the management of
the Tredegar iron works. His death occurred at the
Isle of Shoals, N. H., September 7, 1892. '

575



676 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

Brigadier-General Lewis Addison Armistead was born
at New Bern, N. C, February i8, 1817, a son of Gen.
Walker Keith Armistead, who, with four brothers, served
in the war of 181 2. He was appointed a cadet in the
United States military academy in 1834, and on July 10,
1839, he became second lieutenant in the Sixth United
States infantry. In March, 1844, he was promoted first
lieutenant, and in this rank entered the war with Mex-
ico, in which he was distinguished, receiving the brevet
rank of captain for gallantry at Contreras and Churu-
busco, and brevet major for his services at Molino del
Rey. He continued in the army until the beginning of
the Confederate war, serving for some time against the
Indians on the border, and being promoted captain in
1855. He was given the rank of major. Confederate
States army, to date from March 16, 1861, and later in
the same year became colonel of the Fifty-seventh Vir-
ginia regiment, which he commanded in the neighbor-
hood of Suffolk and in the defense of the Blackwater in
the following winter. April i, 1862, he was promoted
brigadier-general, and in this rank he was assigned to the
command of a brigade in the division of Benjamin
Huger. At Seven Pines, on the first day, he was distin-
guished for personal bravery, making a heroic stand with
a small part of his men against an entire brigade of the
enemy until reinforced by Pickett. On June 25th, he
was stationed about 5 miles from Richmond, between
York River railroad and the Williamsburg road, where
he was engaged in continual skirmishing until the
advance to Malvern hill. In this latter battle he was
ordered by General Lee to "charge with a yell" upon
the enemy's position, after the action of the artillery had
been shown to be effective. "After bringing on the
action in the most gallant manner by repulsing an attack
of a heavy body of the enemy's skirmishers," General
Magruder reported, "he skillfully lent support to the con-
tending troops" in front of his position. After this cam-
paign he was identified with the excellent record of
R. H. Anderson's and Pickett's divisions, commanding
a brigade consisting of the Ninth, Fourteenth, Thirty-
eighth, Fifty-third and Fifty-seventh Virginia regiments.
On September 6th, at the outset of the Maryland cam-
paign, he was assigned to the duty of provost marshal-
general of the army, considered by General Lee at that




Brijr.-'"<<?n. L. A. Armiste^h,
BriBr.-Ot'ii. TvRNKK Ashrv
Brijr.-Oton. Jas. Pkariso.
Brig.-Oeii. Jous Echols.



TIriff.-ilcn. R. n. ClllLTov.
llritr.-lirii. P. St. Oko. Oh-k
nritr.-<).-n. M. l\ Oorsk
Bripr.-Ufii. J. H. CiiAUBUt^.



UrijT.-t'i'll. .I.'S. II. AXUKRSON.
HriiT.-'ion. K. L. T. Hk.\.i.k,
niitr.-iJt'ii. R. K. Oi-'U<!Ti»N
BriK.-tien. S. M. Barton



CONFEDERA TE MILITARY HISTORY. 577

juncture of the greatest importance, and in that capacity
he brought up the rear of the army as it advanced. He
participated in operations of General McLaws against
Harper's Ferry, and after the retreat was left at Shep-
herdstown to guard the ford. He continued with Pick-
ett's division throughout its subsequent duty. Reaching
the battlefield of Gettysburg on the 3d of July, he
formed his men in the second line of assault against
Cemetery hill. "Conspicuous to all, 50 yards in advance
of his brigade, waving his hat in the air. General Armi-
stead led his men upon the enemy with a steady bearing
which inspired all with enthusiasm and courage. Far in
advance of all, he led the attack till he scaled the works
of the enemy and fell wounded in their hands, but not
until he had driven them from their position and seen his
colors planted over their fortifications. ' ' This was the
testimony of Colonel Aylett, who succeeded to the imme-
diate command of the remnant of the brigade that was
led into action. General Lee wrote in his report, "Brig-
adier-Generals Armistead, Barksdale, Gamett and
Semmes died as they had lived, discharging the highest
duties of patriots with devotion that never faltered and
courage that shrank from no danger."

Brigadier-General Turner Ashby, a hero of the South
whose memory is cherished with peculiar tenderness
by the people of the Shenandoah valley, was bom at
Rose Hill, Fauquier county, in 1824. He was a grand-
son of Capt. John Ashby, of the revolutionary war. At
the time of John Brown's raid he was captain of a volun-
teer cavalry company, which he led to the scene of
trouble. On the 16th of April, 1 861, he was at Rich-
mond, with other bold spirits, and took part in the plan-
ning of the capture of Harper's Ferry. The next morn-
ing, the day of the passage of the ordinance of secession,
he went to his home to call out his cavalry company.
His brief career from that time was of the most romantic
nature, and he speedily became the idol of the volunteer
troopers who rallied at Harper's Ferry in April and May,
to recruit Jackson's forces. He was assigned to com-
mand of the Confederate post at Point of Rocks, where
his activity and alertness were of great value. In June
he was in command of a troop of Col. Eppa Hunton's
regiment, but obtained permission to rejoin his own regi-

Va87



578 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY^

ment, Col. Angus McDonald's legion, and McDonald
recommended him to promotion as lieutenant-colonel,
speaking of him at this early date, June 25th, as "already
known as one of the best partisan leaders in the service. ' '
Meanwhile Ashby, in addition to his other duties, had
attracted attention by his daring in making a trip to
Chambersburg, Pa., disg-uised and unattended, and
obtaining complete information regarding the Federal
force under Patterson. He was soon promoted lieuten-
ant-colonel, and the rank of colonel followed in a few
months. While Johnston was moving to Manassas, to
the support of Beauregard, Ashby and Stuart, with their
cavalry commands, were very successful in masking the
transfer of the troops until it was too late for Patterson
to have any influence upon the battle of July aist. In
October, General Jackson was assigned to the Valley dis-
trict, and Ashby, as colonel of the Seventh Virginia cav-
alry, was put in command of the cavalry. In February
he was authorized by the war department to raise cav-
alry, infantry and heavy artillery. During one of the
engagements of 1861, his brother, Capt. Richard Ashby,
to whom he was tenderly attached, had been slain by the
enemy, and the circumstances of the death so affected
him as to give to his natural heroism an extraordinary
enthusiasm. Turner Ashby was of striking aspect and
splendid personality when he came to take command of
Jackson's cavalry. In form he was trimly built, in move-
ment graceful, and when mounted on his splendid horse,
he appeared a chevalier of romance. The attachment of
his men to him was displayed on all occasions, and his
own devotion to Jackson was so great that he was accus-
tomed to say, "I would follow him or go where he com-
manded without knowing anything except that it was
Stonewall Jackson's order. ' ' His .faith in Jackson was
like Jackson's faith in Lee. It is this trust of the army
in its leaders reciprocated by the faith of the leaders in
the army which makes heroes in battles. In March he
withdrew with Jackson from Winchester, before the
advance on Banks, but on the 2 2d returned and by an
audacious attack drove in the enemy's outposts. The
battle of Kernstown immediately followed, in which
Ashby, with his cavalry and artillery, and an infantry
support, rendered effective service upon the Confederate
right. After this Jackson was rapidly reinforced, and



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 579

Ashby's force was recruited to the dignity of a brigade,
though his commission as brigadier-general was not issued
until May 23d. He pursued the Federals after the battle
of McDowell, played a prominent part in the rout of the
Federals at Middletown, and defended the rear during
the Confederate retreat up the Valley early in June. On
the 3d his horse was shot under him while his men were
burning the bridge over the Shenandoah. "Ashby has
infernal activity and ingenuity in this way," Shields
reported to Washington. On June 6th, near Harrison-
burg, he repulsed an attack, capturing the Federal com-
mander. Sir Percy Wyndham. He immediately planned
an ambush of the pursuing Federal advance, and a fierce
combat ensued. As Ashby led the attack, his horse was
shot under him, and he rushed forward on foot, urging
his men to charge, when a ball pierced his breast and he
fell forward dead. His death was felt as a severe loss to
the army. Jackson wrote to General Imboden: "Poor
Ashby is dead. He fell gloriously. I know you will
join with me in mourning the loss of our friend, one of
the noblest men and soldiers in the Confederate army. ' '
In his official report he wrote: "As a partisan officer, I
never knew his superior. His daring was proverbial, his
powers of endurance almost incredible, his tone of char-
acter heroic, and his sagacity almost intuitive in divining
the purposes and movements of the enemy. ' ' In Octo-
ber, 1866, his body was reinterred with impressive ceremo-
nies in the Stonewall cemetery at Winchester, where the
anniversary of his death is annually commemorated by the
strewing of flowers upon the graves of the unknown dead.

Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton was one of
four sons of Thomas Bowerbank Barton, a lawyer of
Fredericksburg, Va., all of whom served in the Confed-
erate States army. He was graduated at the United
States military academy in 1849, ^1^^ promoted brevet
second lieutenant, Third infantry. After serving a
year at Fort Columbus, N. Y. , he was promoted second
lieutenant. First infantry, and assigned to duty in the
Southwest, where he served mainly until 1861, win-
ning promotion to first lieutenant in 1853 and captain in
1857. He was stationed during most of this period at the
Texas forts, was adjutant of his regiment, 1855 to 1857,
fought against the Comanche Indians in 1857, and in 186 1



580 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

participated in the march to Fort Leavenworth. After
his resignation, which took effect June 1 1, 1861, he entered
the Confederate service, with the rank of captain of
infantry, C. S. A. , and became lieutenant-colonel of the
Third Arkansas regiment, Col. Albert Rust, which con-
stituted part of the command of Gen. Henry R. Jackson,
in the West Virginia campaign of 1861. He fortified
Camp Bartow, on the Greenbrier, and in command of
his regiment participated in the heroic defense of the
works in October, at which the enemy met with his first
repulse in that region. He subsequently acted as chief
engineer of the army during the Bath and Romney
expedition, winning special mention by Stonewall Jack-
son. When Gen. E. Kirby Smith was assigned to the
department of East Tennessee, Barton was sent to his
assistance, with promotion to brigadier-general. During
the Cumberland Gap campaign he commanded the
Fourth brigade, consisting of Alabama and Georgia regi-
ments and Anderson's Virginia battery. Subsequently,
with Stevenson's division, he took part in the defense of
Vicksburg. At the time of Sherman's advance by way
of Chickasaw bayou late in December, 1862, he com-
manded the Confederate center, his troops bravely hold-
ing their ground under a severe fire of musketry and
artillery, which continued for three days, and repulsilig
five assaults on the 29th. The siege of Vicksburg fol-
lowed, and he was surrendered July 4, 1863, but soon
afterward exchanged. He was then given comitiand of
Armistead's brigade, Pickett's division; was stationed at
Kinston, N. C, during the latter part of the 'year, and
was the leader of one of the columns in the demonstra-
tion against New Bern about February i, 1864. On
May loth he participated in the battle of Drewry's Bluff,
against Butler, fighting bravely in the midst of his men,
and being the first to take possession of the guns from
which the enemy were driven. linmediately after this
he was relieved from command by Gen. Robert Ransom.
His restoration was petitioned for twice by the regi-
mental officers of the brigade, who expressed entire con-
fidence in his skill and bravery. General Ransom him-
self admitted that the personal gallantry of General
Barton could not be questioned. Though feeling that
injustice had been done him, he remained in the service,
and accepted command of a brigade for the defense of



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 581

Richmond, comprising artillery and reserve infantry,
under Lieutenant-General Ewell. He served at Chaffin's
farm until the evacuation of Richmond, and then joined
in the retreat of Custis Lee's command, as far a,s Sailor's
creek, where he was captured April 6, 1865. Since the war
General Barton has made his home at Fredericksburg, Va.

Brigadier- General Richard L. T. Beale was born at
Hickory Hill, Westmoreland county, Va., May 22, 1819,
and was educated at Northumberland academy and Dick-
inson college. Pa. Then taking up the study of law, he
was graduated by the law department of the university
of Virginia in 1838. Subsequently he was engaged in
the practice of his profession and attained prominence in
the political field. From 1847 until 1849 he represented
his district in Congress, to which he declined re-election.
He was a delegate to the State reform convention in 1850,
and was elected to the State senate in 1857. Upon the
secession of Virginia he enlisted in the cavalry service,
and being promoted captain and then major, was put in
command at Camp Lee, near Hague, on the lower Poto-
mac, where his intelligence and excellent judgment were
of much value. Subsequently he served under Col.
W. H. F. Lee, in the Ninth cavalry regiment until Lee
was promoted brigadier-general, when he was advanced
to the rank of colonel and given command of the regi-
ment. In December, 1862, he attracted attention and
much favorable comment by a bold expedition into Rap-
pahannock county, in which the Federal garrison at
Leeds was captured, without loss. On April 16, 1863, he
won the praise of J. E. B. Stuart for his heroic service in
meeting and repelling the threatened raid of Stoneman's
cavalry division, and during the renewed movement by
Stoneman at the close of the month, he was for a week
in almost constant fighting, his regiment everywhere
behaving valorously and capturing many prisoners. At
the battle of Fleetwood he led the Ninth in the brilliant
charge in which Gen. W. H. F. Lee was wounded
and Colonel Williams killed. He participated in Stuart's
raid through Maryland, fought at Gettysburg, and ren-
dered faithful service in the cavalry affairs during the
return to Virginia. During the fight at Culpeper Court
House he was in command of W. H. F. Lee's brigade.
In March, 1864, having been stationed on the Northern



582 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

Neck, he made a forced inarch to intercept Dahlgren and
his raiders, and a detachment of his regiment under First
Lieut. James Pollard, Company H, successfully ambushed
the Federals, and aided by other detachments captured
about 175 men and killed Dahlgren. The papers found
upon Dahlgren 's person, revealing a design to burn Rich-
mond and kill President Davis and cabinet, were for-
warded by Colonel Beale, through Fitz Lee, to the gov-
ernment. A correspondence with the Federal author-
ities followed, in which they disavowed all knowledge of
such a design. He participated in command of his regi-
ment in the campaign from the Rapidan to the James,
was distinguished in the fighting at Stony creek, and
toward Reams' Station, in July, capturing two Federal
standards; and in August, upon the death of General
Chambliss, was given command of the brigade. Febru-
ary 6, 1865, he was promoted brigadier-general, and in this
rank he served during the remainder of the struggle.

Brigadier-General John Randolph Chambliss was born
at Hicksford, Greenville county, Va., January 23, 1833;
was graduated at the United States military academy in
1853, and being promoted to brevet second lieutenant,
mounted riflemen, served at the cavalry school at Car-
lisle, Pa., until the following spring, when he resigned.
He then returned to his home at Hicksford, where his
father was a wealthy planter, and was engaged in agri-
culture until the spring of 1861. Meanwhile his military
education was called into service by the State,- and he
held the position of aide-de-camp to the governor, with
the rank of major, 1856-61 ; also commanded as colonel
a regiment of Virginia militia, 1858-61, and was brigade
inspector for the State two years. His father was
a delegate to the convention of 1861, and he himself
manifested hearty allegiance to Virginia throughout that
momentous period. He was commissioned colonel of the
Thirteenth Virginia cavalry regiment in July, 1861, and
until the fall of 1862 was under the orders of Gen.
D. H. Hill, in the department south of the James river.
During the Maryland campaign he was put in command
of the forces on the Rappahannock, between Warrenton
and Fredericksburg, with his own regiment, the Second
North Carolina cavalry, and the Sixty-first Virginia
infantry. He performed his duties with such vigilance



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 583

and activity as to receive the warm commendation of
Gen. R. E. Lee. In November he was assigned with
his regiment to W. H. F. Lee's cavalry brigade, with the
gallant record of which he was identified, as one of the
bravest and ablest of its oflScers, until he gave his life for
the cause which he had served with entire fidelity and
self-sacrificing devotion. In April, 1864, when the cav-
alry corps of the Federal army proposed to cross the
Rappahannock and cut off Lee's communications with
Richmond, Chambliss was particularly prominent in the
defeat of the movement by Lee's brigade. At Beverly
ford with 50 men he drove two Federal squadrons into
the river, capturing a number of prisoners. He and his
men were commended both by Generals Lee and Stuart
as deserving the highest praise for distinguished bravery.
In the famous battle of Brandy Station, June 9, 1863,
after W. H. F. Lee was wotmded and Col. Sol Williams
killed, Chambliss took command of the brigade, and
served in that capacity during the fighting about Aldie
and Middleburg. Then riding with Stuart into Pennsyl-
vania, he made a brilliant attack upon Kilpatrick at Han-
over, driving him through the town and capturing his
ambulances and a number of prisoners. His brigade and
Fitz Lee's reached Gettysburg late on July 2d, and on
the 3d he engaged in the fierce cavalry fight on the left
of the Confederate line, between the York pike and Han-
over road. Upon the retirement of the army, he aided
efficiently in the protection of the Confederate trains.
During the Bristoe campaign, still in command of the
brigade, he reinforced Lomax at Morton's ford and
defeated the enemy; and at Brandy Station the same two
brigades fought with the utmost gallantry under their
intrepid leaders, Chambliss winning anew the commen-
dation of Stuart. Promoted brigadier-general in Decem-
ber, 1864, he continued in command of the brigade which
he had led so long, through the cavalry fighting from the
Rapidan to the James, gaining fresh laurels in the defeat
of the enemy at Stony creek. Finally, in a cavalry bat-
tle on the Charles City road, on the north side of the
James, he was killed while leading his men, August 16,
1864. His body was buried with honor by the enemy,



584 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

and soon afterward delivered to his friends. General
Lee wrote that "the loss sustained by the cavalry in the
fall of General Chambliss will be felt throughout the
army, in which, by his courage, energy and skill, he had
won for himself an honorable name. ' '

Brigadier-General Robert Hall Chilton, of Virginia,
was born about 1816, and entered the military academy
at West Point in 1833, where he was graduated in 1837,
and promoted second lieutenant of the First dragoons.



Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 57 of 153)