Clement Anselm Evans.

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for a time as aide-de-camp to Brigadier-General Brady;
was in garrison at East Pascagoula, Miss. ; on frontier duty
at Fort Gibson, I. T., and Fort Belknap, Tex. ; and
while engaged in Pacific railroad exploration, skirmished
with the Apache Indians. He took part in the Seminole
war of 1856-57, fighting at Big Cypress swamp and near
Bowleytown, and marched in the famous Utah expedi-
tion; subsequently continuing on frontier duty until 1861,
when, obeying the call of his State, he tendered his serv-
ices for her defense. He received the commission of lieu-
tenant-colonel, corps of infantry, C. S. A., and with the
rank of colonel took command of the Fifty-third Virginia
infantry. When Beauregard was transferred to the west,
he recommended the promotion of Stevenson, among
others, to brigade and division command of the western
troops, and Stevenson was accordingly made brigadier-
general in February, 1862. On March 15th, he was or-
dered to report to General Huger for assignment on the
Weldon railroad, but soon after was transferred to the
department of East Tennessee, and given command of a
division of troops. After the Federal General Morgan
seized Cumberland Gap, be was in command of the Con-



666 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

federate force which threatened that position ^and com-
pelled Morgan's withdrawal. After July 1 7th he pursued
the Federal forces into Kentucky, and there made a junc-
tion with Kirby Smith, with whom he served during the
return to Murfreesboro. In October he was promoted
major-general. In December, 1862, he was sent by
Bragg from Murfreesboro with 10,000 men to reinforce
Pemberton at Vicksburg, already threatened by the Fed-
eral army. He reached the field of battle at Chickasaw
bluffs just after the repulse of Sherman, and by reason
•of his rank was assigned to the command of the forces in
front of the enemy. He was subsequently in command
-of a division under Pemberton, and during the unfortu-
nately planned operations against Grant, bore the brunt
of the battle at Champion's hill, and after the defeat at Big
Black bridge was left in charge of the retreating columns,
while Pemberton hastened to Vicksburg. During the
long siege he took a conspicuous part as commander of
the right of the Confederate lines. After the surrender of
Vicksburg he was for a time under parole, but he returned
to the army before Chattanooga and was given a divi-
sion of Hardee's corps, with command on the right,
including Lookout mountain, from which he withdrew
just before the battle of Missionary Ridge to reinforce
the main line on the ridge. He took part in this battle,
and was subsequently identified with the army of Ten-
nessee as a division commander until the close of the
war. During the Atlanta campaign he had a division of
Hood's corps, and led his troops in brilliant action at
Resaca, Kenesaw mountain and elsewhere. After the
promotion of Hood he held temporary command of the
corps. During the Tennessee campaign he commanded
^a division of the corps of S. D. Lee, which, holding the
center of the line before Nashville, earned distinction by
stubborn fighting despite the general disaster, and after
the wounding -of Lee he had the immediate command of
-the division covering the retreat, a trust which was ably
performed. With his division of the army of Tennessee,
reduced to 2,600 men, he participated in the operations
in the Carolinas against Sherman, and surrendered with
Johnston in April, 1865. After the war he was occupied
as a civil and mining engineer until his death in Caroline
county, Va., August 15, 1888.



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 667

Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart, chief of
cavalry of the army of Northern Virginia, was born in
Patrick county, Va., February 6, 1833. His ancestry in
America began with Archibald Stuart, who sought ref-
uge from religious persecution in western Pennsylvania
in 1726, and subsequently removed with his family to
Augusta county, Va., about 1738. The next generation
was distinguished by the services of Maj. Alexander
Stuart, who fell dangerously wounded while commanding
his regiment at Guilford Court House. John Alexander,
son of the latter, spent part of his life in the West, serv-
ing as Federal judge in Illinois and Missouri, and as
speaker of the house in the latter State. His son, Archi-
bald Stuart, lawyer, soldier of 18 12, representative in
Virginia legislatures and conventions, married a de-
scendant of the distinguished Letcher family, and their
son became the brilliant Virginia cavalry leader. Gen-
eral Stuart pursued his youthful studies at Emory and
Henry college, and then entering the National military
academy, was graduated in 1854, and was commissioned
second lieutenant in October of that year. He served in
Texas against the Apaches with the mounted riflemen
until transferred to the new First cavalry in May, 1855,
with which he served at Fort Leavenworth. November
14, 185s, he was married at Fort Riley to the daughter of
Col. Philip St. George Cooke, and in the following month
Tie was promoted first lieutenant. He remained on the
frontier and in Kansas, and was wounded at the Indian
Ijattle of Solomon's River in 1857. At Washington, in
1859, he carried secret instructions to Col. R. E. Lee, and
-accompanied that officer as aide, against the outbreak at
Harper's Ferry, where he read the summons to surren-
der to the leader, theretofore known as "Smith," but
whom he recognized at once as "Ossawatomie" Brown
of Kansas. Lieutenant Stuart received a commission as
captain from Washington in April, 1861, but he had
decided to go with Virginia, and tendered her his serv-
ices as soon as his resignation was accepted. May 7th.
He was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of Virginia
infantry. May 10, 1861, with orders to report to Jackson
at Harper's Ferry, and was promoted colonel July
i6th. With about 350 cavalrymen he at once assumed
the duties which distinguished his service throughout the
war. He became the eye of the army under Jackson and



668 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

Johnston, so effectually that Johnston afterward wrote
him from the West: "How can I eat, sleep or rest in
peace without you upon the outpost." He screened
Johnston's movement to Manassas, and in the fighting of
July 2ist made an effective charge, of which Early wrote:
"Stuart did as much toward saving the battle of First
Manassas as any subordinate who participated in it. ' ' He
pursued the Federals twelve miles and subsequently held
the heights in sight of Washington, with headquarters on
Munson's hill. September 24, 1861, he was promoted
brigadier-general in the Confederate army. He encoun-
tered the enemy before Munson's hill and at Dranesville,
and being transferred to the Peninsula early in 1862,
covered the retreat from Yorktown, opening the fighting
at Williamsburg; and after the Federals had approached
Richmond he won the admiring attention of both nations
by his brilliant ride around McClellan's army. On July
25, 1862, he was promoted major-general. There fol-
lowed his raid to the rear of Pope's army, capturing a
part of the staff of the Federal general and his head-
quarters at Catlett's station; the raid in conjunction with
General Trimble, in which the Federal depot at Manassas
Junction was destroyed. Subsequently he was in com-
mand before Washington, screening the movement into
Maryland, his gallant troopers being engaged in fre-
quent skirmishes and fighting most gallantly in the bat-
tles at the South Mountain passes. At Sharpsburg he
covered the left flank, and with his famous horse artillery
repulsed the advance of Sumner's corps. In October
occurred his daring raid to Chambersburg, Pa., return-
ing between McClellan's army and Washington, evading
numerous Federal expeditions against him, and losing
but one man wounded. His success demoralized the Fed-
eral cavalry, and did much to render halting and impo-
tent the subsequent movements against Lee, in opposi-
tion to which his command was almost constantly en-
gaged. About midnight of May 2d, after Jackson and
Hill had fallen, Stuart took command of the First corps
of the army, at Chancellorsville, and on the 3d, with
splendid personal courage and brilliant generalship, con-
tinued to drive the Federals by an audacious attack of
20,000 against 80,000, until he had gained Chancellor's
house and a safe position. He remained in command of
the corps until Hooker had retreated across the river.



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 669

After several brilliant encounters with the enemy's cav-
alry during the subsequent maneuvers, he set out again
between the Federal army and Washington, with orders
to meet Early at York, Pa. After eight days and nights
of steady marching, and the last three in almost con-
stant fighting, he reached Gettysburg with a large train
of Federal supplies, and on the third day of the battle
made a fierce attack upon the enemy's right. His cav-
alry saved the Confederate trains at Williamsport, on
the retreat. In the spring of 1864 he conducted the
advance of A. P. Hill's corps against Grant on May sth,
and giving Lee notice of the movement to Spottsylvania,
hastened to throw his cavalry before the enemy's advance.
Then being called southward by Sheridan's raid, he
interposed his cavalry between the Federals and the
Confederate capital at Yellow Tavern, where, on May
nth, he received a wound from which he died at Rich-
mond on the following day. The death of Stuart pro-
duced a gloom in the South, second only to that which
followed the loss of Jackson. His characteristics were
such as to make him a popular hero. Personally he was
the embodiment of reckless courage, splendid manhood,
and unconquerable gayety. He could wear, without
exciting a suspicion of unfitness, all the warlike adorn-
ments of an old-time cavalier. His black plume, and hat
caught up with a golden star, seemed the proper frame
for a knightly face. A laugh was always at his lips, and
a song behind it. He would lead a march with his
banjo-player thrumming at his side. As he rode down
the lines at Chancellorsville, the commander of an army,
and the successor of Stonewall Jackson, whose fall had
torn the hearts of his soldiers, he sang in a rollicking
way: "Old Joe Hooker, come out of the Wilderness."
As a soldier he was a bom leader. He demonstrated his
ability to direct an army after the wounding of Jackson,
and Jackson, who knew before the trial, sent word to
him: "Tell General Stuart to act on his own judgment
and do what he thinks best. I have implicit confidence
in him. ' ' On other fields he had shown the brilliancy of
a Napoleon in the management of artillery. Thus in all
arms of the service he had won the highest honors. In
emergency he was calm, quiet, and perfect master of all
his resources. A boy in camp, and a lover of fun, he
was a daring sabreur in the fight, and always fully



670 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

awake to the demands of duty. He had the instinctive
knowledge of the situation that belongs to the soldierly-
genius, and the constant readiness to act on the instant
that wins battles against inertia and slothfulness. But
he was never known fully while he lived. He was care-
less of how lightheartedness and gayety may be mis-
judged, and it was left to his friends after his death to
tell that he indulged in none of the vices supposed to be
habitual with soldiers, was never profane, and even
abstained from card-playing. He was a faithful hus-
band and father, and altogether one of the purest of men,
as well as the bravest. One of these true friends, John
Esten Cooke, in describing his last moments, has writ-
ten: "As his life had been one of earnest devotion to the
cause in which he believed, so his last hours were tran-
quil, his confidence in the mercy of heaven unfailing.
When he was asked how he felt, he said, 'Easy, but will-
ing to die, if God and my country think I have done my
duty.' His last words were: 'I am going fast now; I
am resigned. God's will be done. ' As he uttered these
words he expired. '

Major-General William Booth Taliaferro, a representa-
tive of an old and famous Virginia family, was born at
Belleville, Gloucester county, Va., December 28, 1822.
He was educated at Harvard college and William and
Mary, being graduated at the latter institution in 1841.
His activity was directed to a military channel by the
Mexican war, and on April 9, 1847, he became captain
of a company of the Eleventh United States infantry.
He was promoted major August 1 2th, and held this rank
during the following year, his command being disbanded
August, 1848. He then returned to the pursuits of civil
life, and was one of the Democratic presidential electors
in 1856, but continued to be prominent in military affairs
and commanded the State forces at the time of John
Brown's raid. As major-general of Virginia militia, he
took command at Norfolk on April 18, 1861, and later with
the rank of colonel was assigned to the post and troops at
Gloucester point, opposite Yorktown. Subsequently he
marched with the 'Twenty-third Virginia regiment to
reinforce General Gamett in West Virginia. During the
retreat from Laurel hill, Colonel Taliaferro was in com-
mand of the rear guard which gallantly contested the



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 671

enemy's pursuit at Carrick's ford, just before Garnett was
killed. At the battle on Greenbrier river, October 3d,
he commanded a brigade, consisting of his own regiment,
the Twenty-fifth and Forty- fourth Virginia regiments, and
contributed largely to the victory by his cool and gallant
conduct. On March 4, 1862, he was promoted brigadier-
general. He joined Jackson in the Valley early in
December, and with a brigade composed of the Tenth,
Twenty-third and Thirty-seventh Virginia, took a prom-
inent part in the defeat of - the Federals at McDowell,
where he was in immediate command on the field after
Edward Johnson was wounded, and participated in the
victories at Cross Keys and Port Republic. Continuing
in command of Jackson's Third brigade, he fought at
Cedar mountain, August 9th, and after the death of Gen-
eral Winder was given charge of Jackson's division. In
this command he continued during the subsequent opera-
tions about Manassas, participated in the maneuvers
around Pope's army, and on August 28th, when Jackson
determined to strike the enemy as he moved along the
Warrenton pike, he immediately ordered Taliaferro to
take his division and attack. In the fierce fight which
followed, sustained on the Confederate side by Taliaferro
and Ewell, both those commanders were seriously
wounded. He was able to return to the field in time to
participate in the battle of Fredericksburg, where he
rendered efficient service in repelling the Federal force
which secured temporary lodgment in the Confederate
lines. His subsequent military career was in the depart-
ment of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, to which
he was assigned in March, 1863, as commander of the
district of Savannah. During the famous assault on
Battery Wagner, July, 1863, he had charge of the
defenses and troops on Morris island, and next month he
took command of a division on James island. February
20, 1864, he was given temporary command of all troops,
in the district of East Florida, which embraced the
forces that day engaged at Olustee. Returning March
Sth to James island, in May he was assigned to the
Seventh district of South Carolina, and the entire State
was put under his military charge in December of that
year. When Sherman's army reached Savannah, he
exercised command to the north of that city, with the
forces of Jenkins, Harrison and Chestnut, at Coosawhat-



672 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

chie and Pocotaligo, guarding the route of escape for
Hardee. In the latter part of December he was given
command of a division made up of Elliott's, Rhett's and
Anderson's brigades, with which he participated in the
subsequent movements, being promoted on January i,
1865, to the rank of major-general. After the surrender
of Johnston's army, he returned to Gloucester, Va., where
he completed his long career of honor and usefulness.
He served ten years in the State legislature, and ren-
dered good service in the cause of education as a member
of the board of visitors of the Virginia military institute,
William and Mary college and other State institutions.
His death occurred at his home in Gloucester county,
February 27, 1898.

Brigadier-General James B. Terrill, a brave Virginia
soldier, never wore the title which is here given him, but
won it by his bravery and devotion, and fell in battle
upon the day his promotion was confirmed by the Con-
gress of the Confederate States. He was bom at Warm
Springs, Bath county, February 20, 1838, and was edu-
cated at the Virginia military institute. In 1858 he
began the study of law with Judge Brockenbrough at
Lexington, and two years later entered upon the prac-
tice of his profession at his native town. He was among
the first to enter the military service in 1861, and in
May was elected major of the Thirteenth Virginia
infantry regiment, of which A. P. Hill was colonel. He
served with his regiment under Jackson in the lower
Shenandoah valley and at First Manassas, and at Lew-
insville commanded the infantry in the gallant fight
under Col. j[. E. B. Stuart. Promoted lieutenant-colonel
he served with credit in the Shenandoah Valley campaign
of 1862, winning honorable mention at Cross Keys and
Port Republic. He was commended in general orders
for gallantry at Cedar Mountain and Second Manassas.
At Fredericksburg he commanded his regiment, and took
an active part in driving back the column of Federals
which succeeded in penetrating the first line on the right.
He continued in command of his regiment, sharing the
operations of Early's division, until his death, contribut-
ing in no slight degree to the remarkable efficiency of
his command, of which it was said that "the Thirteenth
was never required to take a position that they did not



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 673

take it, nor to hold one that they did not hold it. ' ' After
participating in the battles of the Wilderness and Spott-
sylvania he was killed in an encounter with Warren's
corps, near Bethesda church, May 30, 1864, and was
buried by the enemy.

Brigadier-General William Terry, whose worthy record
is identified with that of the Stonewall brigade, which^
he commanded in 1864 and 1865, was bom in Amherst'
county, Va., August 14, 1824. He was educated at the
university of Virginia and graduated in 1848. The next
three years he devoted to teaching and the study of law.
After his admission to the bar in 1851, he made his home
at Wytheville, and was engaged in the practice during
the succeeding decade, also for a time editing the Wythe-
ville Telegraph. He was lieutenant of the Wythe
Grays at the time of the John Brown affair at Harper's
Ferry, to which point he went with his company in 1859.
In April, 1861, he was again at Harper's Ferry, and was
assigned to the Fourth Virginia regiment, Jackson's
brigade, as first lieutenant of his company. He partici-
pated in the brilliant service of his regiment at the first
battle of Manassas, and in the spring of 1862 was pro-
moted major, in which rank he served with credit on the
fields of Gaines' Mill and Malvern Hill. He was with
Jackson's corps in the famous campaign against Pope,
was wounded in the battle of Second Manassas, July 28th,
and was mentioned for gallantry in the report of General
Taliaferro. In the same rank he commanded the Fourth
regiment in the battle of Fredericksburg, after the
wounding of Colonel -Gardner; also at Chancellorsville,
where his command lost 140 men out of a total of 355 ;
and at Gettysburg and Payne's Farm. Promotion rap-
idly followed, to colonel of the Fourth regiment to date
from September, 1863, and to brigadier-general after the
Wilderness and Spottsylvania campaign, in which he
participated with credit. On May 21st he was assigned
to the command of a brigade formed from the survivors
of the Stonewall brigade and the brigades of J. M. Jones
and G. H. Steuart, who had escaped from the disaster of
May 12th at the "bloody angle. " In this capacity he took
part in the fighting on the Cold Harbor line, and the
defense of Petersburg, and commanded his brigade dur-
ing Early's campaign in the Shenandoah valley, partici-
Va 43



674 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

pating in the defeat of the Federals at Shepherdstown
August 25th, and fighting gallantly at Winchester,
where he was one of the seven distinguished Confederate
generals who fell killed or wounded. He returned with
his brigade to the Petersburg lines, and on March 25,
1865, was again wounded while leading his command in
the sortie of Gordon's corps against Fort Stedman.
During the retreat of the army to Appomattox, he was at
• home disabled by wounds, but when the news of the sur-
render reached him, he mounted his horse, with indom-
itable courage, and started out to join the army in North
Carolina. He subsequently resumed his law practice at
Wytheville, and in 1868 was nominated for Congress,
but could not make the race on account of political dis-
abilities. Upon the removal of these he was elected to
the Forty-second and Forty-fourth Congresses. On
September 5, 1888, he was drowned while attempting to
ford a creek near his home. By his marriage to Emma,
daughter of Benjamin Wigginton, of Bedford county, in
1852, there are four sons and three daughters, who
survive.

Brigadier-General William Richard Terry was bom at
Liberty, Bedford county, Va., March 12, 181 7. After
his graduation by the Virginia military institute in 1850,
he devoted himself to agricultural and commercial pur-
suits until the secession of Virginia, when he promptly
entered the military service as captain of a company of
cavalry organized in Bedford county. He led his men to
Manassas, and after serving at Fairfax Court House,
participated in the cavalry charge which demoralized the
broken right wing of the Federal army on the night of
April 2 1 St, continuing until midnight in pursuit of the
enemy. His conduct at the battle of First Manassas won
the attention of his commanders, and in September follow-
ing, at the request of General Early, he was promoted
colonel and assigned to the command of the Twenty-
fourth Virginia infantry, from which Early had been pro-
moted to brigadier-general. In May, 1862, at the battle
of Williamsburg, the Twenty-fourth Virginia and Fifth
North Carolina regiments made a brilliant and heroic
charge upon the enemy's position, and Terry, leading
his regiment, fell severely wounded, but earned a repu-
tation as an inspiring and irresistible leader in assault




Briff.-Gen. A. G, Jenkins.
MaJ.-Gen. John Pegram.
Brig. -Gen. J. A. Terrill.
Brlg.'Oen. W. N. Pekdlktok.



MaJ.-Gen. J. B. Maorudeb.
Maj.-Gen. D. H. Maury.
Maj.-Gen. W. B. Talliaferro.
Brig.-Gen. B. H. Hobertson.



Brig.-Gcii. Samuel Garland.
Brip.-Gen. Wm. Terry.
Haf.-Gen. Tnos. L. Rosser.
Brlg.-Qen. J. E. Slaughter.



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 675

that he fully maintained throughout the war. Long-
street and D. H. Hill both praised the men and their gal-
lant leaders, the latter expressing the opinion that the
caution exhibited by the Federals in their subsequent
movements "was due to the terror inspired by the hero-
ism of those noble regiments. History has no example
of a more daring charge. ' ' Hancock, who bore the brunt
of the attack, declared that the two regiments deserved
to have the name "Immortal" inscribed on their ban-
ners. Under Terry's leadership the regiment fought
with the same heroism at Second Manassas, and after the
wounding of Colonel Corse, then commanding Kemper's
brigade. Colonel Terry succeeded him in temporary
command. He was with his regiment in all its battles,
and- was seven times badly wounded. One of the most
desperate of his wounds was received at Gettysburg, in
the memorable assault of Pickett's division. He com-
manded Kemper's brigade from the fall of 1863 until
nearly the close of the war, with promotion to brigadier-
general in May, 1864. Assigned to the department of
North Carolina and Southern Virginia with Pickett, he
took part in the expedition against New Bern, and in
May, 1864, bore a worthy part in the gallant stand made
against Butler at Drewry's bluff. Throughout the long
defense of Richmond and Petersburg he was one of the
trusted brigadiers of Pickett's division, and finally, on
March 31, 1865, just before the abandonment of the Con-



Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 66 of 153)