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with Gen. Custis Lee, and was captured at Sailor's Creek. Another
son. Judge David Tucker Brooke, of Norfolk, was born at ttte
city of Richmond, April 28, 1852, and passed ^'^ boyhood in the
midst of the exciting events which occurred in and about the cap-
Ual of the Confederacy from 1861 to 1865. After witnessing as a
boy the evacuation of the city by the army of Northern Virginia
he went to West Virginia and remained there until 1870, when
he entered°thy university of Virginia. After studying there for one
year, he was compelled to seek lucrative employment and for sev
eral years engaged in teaching school at Norfolk, meanwhile study-
ing llwundfr the preceptorlhip of Tazewell Taylor and gaining
admission to the bar in 1874. The prominence which he soon ob-
tained in his profession led to his election 'nif|4 to the office o
judge of the corporation court, which he held for a period ot
eleven years. In 189S he resumed the active practice as an attor-
ney, in which he is meeting with notable success. Judge Brooke
was married in 1880 to Miss Lucy Higgms, of Norfolk, by whom

he has six children. , , r. r j ^ ct„*..» «,T,r

Commander John M. Brooke, of the Confederate States navy,
whose contributions to the sciences of navigation, deep sea .topog-
raphy and naval warfare will forever associate his name with tne
modern advancement of kno-^ledge in those directions was born
at Tampa Bay, Fla., in 1826. He entered the United States navy
as a miSshipman in 1841 and was graduated at the naval academy,
Annapolis, in 1847. From 1851 t9 1853 he was stationed at the
naval observatory, and while there invented the deep-sea sounding-
lead by means of which specimens of the deep-sea bottom were
for the first time brought to light, and it was made possible not
only to have positive evidence that bottom had been reached by
the sounding, but also to have some knowledge of the character
of the bottom. This invention was of inestimable value in the
preparation of the maps of the deep seas and in the laying of the
numerous submarine cables now so important a factor in the hie
of the civilized world. In recognition of his important services m
this direction he received from the king of Prussia the gold medal
of science, awarded by the academy of Berlin. From the naval
observatory he was ordered to the North Pacific and Behring
straits exploring expedition under command of Commodore King-
gold, and from 1853 to 1861 he was occupied in making extensive
turveys ofi the coast of Japan, and on a. route from California to
China, serving as a pathmaker on the ocean wastes of the Facihc.
At this time he held the rank of lieutenant in the United States
navy, a commission which he promptly resigned upon the seces-
sion of Virginia. Proceeding to Richmond he reported to Com-
modore Barron, and was by the latter referred to Gen. R.. K Lee,
with whom he served a few days as military secretary. He was
soon afterward commissioned lieutenant, C. S. N., and assigned
to the ordnance department, and while on this duty was asked,



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 769

early in June, 1861, by Mr. Mallory, secretary of the navy, to de-
sign an ironclad war vessel. In his study of the subject he reached
the idea of extending the ends of the vessel under water beyond
the armored shield, in order to obtain fineness of line, buoyancy
and protection of hull. To prevent the banking up of water on
these submerged ends a superstructure of ship-iron was provided
for. He submitted outline drawings of this design to Secretary
Mallory, who approved an_d adopted them. The official report of
Secretary Mallory upon this subject states: "On the loth day of
June, 1861, Lieut. John M. Brooke, Confederate States navy, was
directed to aid the department in designing an ironclad vessel
and framing the necessary specifications. He entered upon this
duty at once and a few days thereafter submitted to the depart-
ment, as the result of his investigations, rough drawings of a case-
mated vessel, with submerged ends and inclined iron-plated sides.
The ends of the vessel, and the eaves of the casemate, according to
his plan, were to be submerged two feet; and a light bulwark, or
false bow, was designed to divide the water and prevent it from
banking up on the forward part of the shield. with the vessel in
motion, also to serve as a tank to regulate the ship's draught.
His design was approved by the department and a practical me-
chanic was brought from Norfolk to aid in preparing the draw-
ings and specifications. This mechanic aided m the statement
of details of timber, etc., but was unable to make the drawings, and
the department then ordered Chief Engineer Williamson and Con-
structor Porter from the navy yard at Norfolk, to Richmond,
about the 23d of June, for consultation on the same subject gen-
erally, and to aid in the work. Constructor Porter brought and
submitted the model of a flat-bottomed, light-draft propeller case-
mated battery, with inclined iron-covered sides and ends, which is
deposited in this department. Mr. Porter and Lieutenant Brooke
have adopted for their casemate a thickness of wood and iron and
an angle of inclination nearly identical. Mr. Williamson and Mr.
Porter ap[>roved of the plan of having submerged ends to obtainr
the requisite flotation and invulnerability and the department
adopted the design, and a clean drawing was prepared by Mr.
Porter of Lieutenant Brooke's plan, which that officer then filed
with the department." The report goes on to say that Mr. Wil-
liamson, Lieutenant Brooke and Mr. Porter, under direction, in-
vestigated the condition of the sunken frigate Merrimac, and recom-
mended the adaptation of the plan to the use of her hull and
engine, which_ proceeded with Mr. Williamson in charge of the
engineer's duties. Lieutenant Brooke in charge of preparing, test-
ing and forwarding the armor, and devising the ordnance, and
Mr. Porter in charge of construction of the vessel and originating
all the interior arrangements. "The novel plan of submerging the
ends of the ship and the eaves of the casemate, however," said
the secretary, "is tlie peculiar and distinctive feature of the Vir-
ginia. It was never before adopted." The result of the work
under this plan, throughout which Lieutenant Brooke made im-
portant suggestions regarding the general construction, was the
famous Virginia, whose action in Hampton Roads revolution-
ized naval warfare. Soon afterward Lieutenant Brooke received
from Lieut. Robert D. Minor a letter of congratulation containing
these words: "You richly deserve the gratitude and thanks of



760 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.



the Confederacy for the plan of the now celebrated Virginia, and
I only wish you could have been with us to witness the successful
operations of this new engine of naval warfare, fostered by your
care and watched over by your inventive mind. It was a great
victory, though the odds were nearly seven to one against us in
guns and numbers. But the iron and the heavy guns did the
work, handled by such a man as glorious Buchanan, and with such
officers and men as we had." Lieutenant Brooke continued to
render services of great value in the ordnance department and
was promoted to the rank of commander and made chief of naval
ordnance and hydrography. In 1863 he proposed that a thirteen-
inch Blakely rifle of novel construction should be fired with the
powder charge placed wholly in front of the chamber, an experi-
ment which, when made, led to the discovery of the utility of what
is now known as the air-space, admittedly one of the most impor-
tant discoveries in the history of ordnance. Upon the evacuation
of Richmond, Commander Brooke joined the Confederate forces
at Greensboro, N. C, where he was paroled. He then returned
to Richmond, and went with his little daughter to Lexington,
where upon his arrival he was asked by General Smith, superin-
tendent of the Virginia military institute, to accept a professorship
in the faculty of tliat school. The appointment was promptly
made and he has since then continued in this honorable public
service.

Captain John L. Brooke, a gallant soldier of the Thirteenth
Virginia infantry, was born in Gloucester county, Va., in October,
1824. With his family he removed to Culpeper county in 1855, and
became the owner of an estate of about one thousand acres. He
lived the life of a planter until the spring of 1862, when he or-
ganized a company in Culpeper county, which was mustered into
the Confederate service as a part of the Thirteenth Virginia in-
fantry. He commanded a company at Cedar Mountain, Win-
chester, the Second Manassas, and minor engagements, until his
capture in October, 1863. He was held as a prisoner of war at
Point Lookout, and Old Capitol prison until the end of the year.
During the following eight months he was released on parole,
owing to his enfeebled health, and he was incapacitated for further
service. February 20, i86g, he died, at Fox Neck, the family es-
tate in Culpeper county, which had been sadly devastated by the
war. Warner L. Brooke, son of the foregoing, was born in
Fauquier county, October 12, 1854. In 1878 he made his home at
Norfolk, and from the following year until 1887 was connected
with the Ocean View hotel and railroad company. Subsequently
he became engaged in business at Norfolk, as a broker, the enter-
prise soon developing into a wholesale grocery business under the
firm name of Brooke, Campbell & Co. By changes in the partner-
ship the business title became Brooke Brothers, and finally W. L.
Brooke & Co. Mr. Brooke has taken much interest in the State
military service, serving five years, from 1883 to 1888 as color
bearer of the Norfolk Light Artillery Blues, and subsequently for
five years as a member of the Lee Rifles. He is a communicant of
St. Luke's Episcopal church and a member of the fraternity of the
Royal Arcanum. On February 26, 1884, he was married to Miss
Maria Passman, of Nashville, Tenn., and they have one child,
Douglas Shelby.



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 761

Samuel Selden Brooke, of Roanoke, Va., who served with the
rank of captain in the army of Northern Virginia, was born in
Stafford county, Va., November lo, 1844. In 1858 he entered the
Virginia military institute, but abandoned his studies in April,
1861, to answer the call of his State. He enlisted on April 21,
1861, in the Stafford Guards, a volunteer company organized at
the time of the Harper's Ferry disturbance in 1859. He was mus-
tered into the service of Virginia as a private in Company I of the
Forty-seventh Virginia infantry, and about a month later was
elected junior second lieutenant. In this rank he served until the
reorganization in 1862, when he was elected and commissioned as
captain. During the remainder of the war and until the surrender
at Appomattox, he held this command. His record is an honor-
able and distinguished one, including service in the fight at Aquia
Creek, with Federal naval forces, just before the first battle of
Manassas: Yorktown, Seven Pines, Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill,
Frayser's Farm, Cold Harbor, Cedar Mountain, three days of fight-
ing at Second Manassas, the capture of Harper's Ferry, the fight-
ing of A. P. Hill's division at Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chan-
cellorsville, the first and third days at Gettysburg, including Pick-
ett's charge, Bristoe Station, all of the fighting in the Wilderness,
Spottsylvania Court House, Jericho Ford, Second Cold Harbor,
the defense of Petersburg, including two battles on the Weldon
railroad and at Jones' House. He served in the trenches at the
Crater for a week after the explosion. He was wounded at Sec-
ond Manassas and Bristoe Station. At Sailor's Creek his com-
pany was captured, but he surrendered with the army at Appo-
mattox. After that event he made his way on foot to Fredericks-
burg, Va., and for about five years was engaged as a clerk in a
lumber yard. Subsequently he was married at Fredericksburg to
Betty Lewis Young, daughter of John J. Young, and until 1875
lived at his old home in Stafford county, occupied in farming. At
the close of that period he embarked in the practice of law at
Fredericksburg, which profession he forsook at a later date to
enter journalism. He was first business manager of the Fredericks-
burg News, then editor of the Fredericksburg Star^ until 1882,
when he founded the weekly Leader at Roanoke. This newspaper
he sold in 1886, when he received the appointment of clerk of the
Hustings court, a position he has'worthily occupied since that date.

William T. Brooke, a ijrominent civil engineer, who has for
several years held the position of city engineer of Norfolk, Va.,
was born in Fauquier county, in January, 1847, of ^ family which
had for several generations resided in Virginia. He is the eldest
son of Capt. James V. Brooke, now a resident of Warrenton, Va.,
who was born in Stafford county, embraced the profession of law,
and was a member of the Virginia convention that passed the ordi-
nance of secession in April; 1861. This civil act he sustained by
service in the field as captain of artillery. Both of his immediate
ancestors bore the name of William Brooke and his father was a
prominent business man of Stafford county. James V. Brooke
married Mary Norris, of Fauquier county, and five of their six
children now survive. William T. Brooke was reared in Fauquier
county, receiving his education in private schools until he had
reached the age of about seventeen years, when he entered the
Confederate service as a member of a company of boys whose



762 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

average ages were about eighteen years. This group of youthful
patriots were mustered in as Company D of the Forty-third Vir-
ginia battalion of cavalry, and attached to the command of Colonel
Mosby. With that gallant commander young Brooke served to
the end of the war, forming also a personal friendship with his
commander which aided him in future life. After participating in
the frequent dashing forays of Mosby's men which followed, he
surrendered and was paroled at Winchester in May, 1865. After
this event he found himself without means and his education yet
incomplete, and with the idea of providing for further study he
formed a partnership with H. T. Douglas, of Warrenton, Va., in
the manufacture of agricultural implements. This continued until
1869 when he took his savings and became a student in the uni-
versity of Virginia. At the end of two years he completed a full
course in civil engineering and was graduated with honors in
1871. He was offered the chair of mathematics and applied phil-
osophy by the university of West Tennessee, but desiring a more
active career, he entered the engineering corps of the Chesapeake
& Ohio railroad, then in course of construction. He was thus en-
gaged for three years, meanwhile superintending the construction
of Church Hill tunnel, about a mile in length under the city of
Richmond. Subsequently visiting the city of Washington, he met
his old friend. Colonel Mosby, who gave him an introduction to
President Grant, at the White House, from whom, through the
kind offices of Mosby, he received an appointment in the office of
the supervising architect, which he held during the remamder of
Grant's administration. In 1879, Colonel Mosby having been ap-
pointed consul at Hong Kong, China, Mr. Brooke went to that
place as vice and deputy consul, and remained there until the fall
of 1881. On returning to Virginia he was engaged with the Ches-
apeake & Ohio railroad company upon the construction of the
Newport News & Richmond branch, after the completion of which
his attention was called to a competitive examination to be held
at Norfolk for the selection of a city engineer. He became the
successful competitor, and has ever since held this position by
biennial election, greatly to the satisfaction of the community.
In this position he has been instrumental in many great improve-
ments, such as the excellent sewerage system and the water works,
and with much justice has been generally regarded as an ideal city
engineer, workmg without fear or favor with the benefit of the
community as the one end in view. Although closely devoted to
this profession he maintains pleasant social relations, among
which he particularly prizes his membership in the Pickett-Bu-
chanan camp of United Confederate Veterans. He was married
November 10, 1886, to Mary, daughter of Hon. John Goode, mem-
ber of Congress from Virginia and late solicitor general of the
United States. They have four children.

Captain William Broun, of recent years a resident of Washing-
ton, D. C, is a native of Virginia, born in Northumberland county,
December 20, 1842. His ancestral connections are with old and
patriotic families of Virginia, his mother's father, a Johnson, hav-
ing served in the war of the Revolution, and his paternal grand-
mother, Elizabeth Lee, being a descendant of Charles Lee, young-
est son of Col. Richard Lee. Captain Broun was reared at his
home in Virginia and educated at the university of Virginia. At



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 763

the time of the passage of the ordinance of secession, in April,
1861, he was one of the band of enthusiastic students who joined
the State forces in the occupation of Harper's Ferry. In May,
1861, he enlisted in a company organized in his native county, as
a private, and at the completion of the organization in June was
made orderly-sergeant. The company was mustered in soon after
as Company F of the Forty-seventh Virginia regiment of infantry,
when he was commissioned second lieutenant. In the latter rank
he served until the spring of 1862, when he was promoted first
lieutenant of Company F. During the period in which he held
the latter rank, he for a part of the time acted as adjutant of the
regiment, and at another time commanded a detail of seventy or
eighty sharpshooters. In February, 1863, he was promoted captain
and subsequently commanded his company until after the first
day's battle at Gettysburg, when he was called, as assistant in-
spector-general, to the staff of Col. John M. Brockenbrough, in
command of the brigade. His subsequent service was on the
brigade staff with Colonel Brockenbrough and his successors. Gen.
H. H. Walker, Gen. James Fry and Gen. Seth Barton. His mil-
itary career embraced the battles of Seven Pines, Mechanicsville,
Cold Harbor, Frayser's Farm and Malvern Hill, in the Peninsular
campaign — after which he was disabled by sickness until October
— ^the December battle of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, where
he was slightly wounded in the leg by a piece of shell — Gettys-
burg, during the battle of the first and third days, participating in
the charge under command of General Pettigrew; Falling Waters,
at the passage of the Potomac, Mine Run, the first day of the Wil-
derness fight, the flank movement at Sjjottsylvania, May 10, 1864,
and all the fighting there; the desperate fight at Cold Harbor,
where he was severely wounded and disabled until the latter part
of October, and the skirmishing along the line down to the Car-
olina boundary, until about Christmas, 1864. His last battle was
Sailor's Creek, where he was captured with many others. As a
prisoner of war he was held until about June 20, 1865, at Carroll
prison, the Old Capitol prison and Johnson's island, Ohio. Re-
turning to Northumberland county he remained there until Feb-
ruary, 1890, engaged in farming and dealing in lumber and mer-
chandise, and serving from 1879 until 1883 as superintendent of
schools of the county. In 1890 he received an appointment as
special officer in the census department and removed to Wash-
ington, where, since the expiration of the census service in 1893,
he has been connected with the Washington national building
and loan association. In 1871 Captain Broun was married to
Bettie Lee Lawson, daughter of the late Octavius Lawson, of
Lancaster county, Va., and they have two children, Cobrun Lee,
and Bessie Fauntleroy.

Bedford Brown, M. D., was for many years prior to his death, in
1897, a distinguished physician of Alexandria, Va., and possessed
a highly meritorious and honorable record of service in the line
of his profession in the armies of the Confederate States. He was
a native of North Carolina, bom in Caswell county, January I, 1823.
In the leading institutions of ^hat State he received his academic
education and then entered upon the study of medicine at Lex-
ington, Ky., under Dr. Benjamin Dudley, one of the most famous
surgeons of that day. After four years' reading he entered the med-



764 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

ical department of the Transylvania university at Lexington, was
graduated there in 1848, and was subsequently graduated also by
Jefferson medical college of Philadelphia, in 1854. After an initial
practice in Albemarle and Fauquier counties, Va., he returned to
his native place in 1856, and there pursued the duties of his pro-
fession in civil life until June, 1861. At that date he entered the
Confederate service and was commissioned regimental surgeon of
the Twenty-fourth North Carolina infantry, serving subsequently
with this command in the brigade of General Floyd, in western
Virginia, and under General Lee until the fall of that year. Re-
ceiving a furlough by reason of ill health he was out of the ser-
vice from December, 1861, until January, 1862. He was then as-
signed to duty as surgeon of the camp of instruction at Camp
Mangum, N. C, where he remained until the following May, being
then appointed surgeon of the Forty-third North Carolina regi-
ment. When, in June, 1862, that command was assigned to Dan-
iel's brigade of the army of Northern Virginia, Dr. Brown was
senior surgeon of the brigade, and served as such until January,
1863. Then being assigned to the staff of Gen. Gustavus W. Smith
as medical director in the field, he held that post until Smith's res-
ignation, early in 1863, and was then appointed general inspector
of hospitals and camps in North Carolina, as which he served until
the close of the war. Removing at that period to Alexandria, he
established himself in a short time in a lucrative practice, and be-
came widely known as a successful physician and learned authority
in his profession. For thirty years his many contributions to the
literature of the profession, through the various association and
periodical publications, aided in the advancement of medicine, and
medical and civil organizations both recognized his qualifications.
From 1886 until his resignation in 1896, he served as a medical ex-
aminer of the State of Virginia. He served as president of the
medical society of the State, as vice-president and member of the
judicial council of the Southern surgical and gynecological asso-
ciation, as vice-president of the section of obstetrics and diseases of
women of the American medical association, and was elected pres-
ident at the Louisville session in 1892, of the Southern surgical
and gynecological association. Not the least important among
these positions of honor was that of surgeon of Robert E. Lee
camp of Confederate veterans at Alexandria, of which Dr. Brown
was an active member. Dr. Brown was married in 1852, to Mary
Elizabeth, daughter of Joel Simpson, a native of England, who
became a resident of Montgomery county, Md. Three of their chil-
dren survive: Glenn Brown, a prominent architect of Washing-
ton; Lucy L., wife of Alfred G. Euhler, of Alexandria, and Dr.
William_ Bedford Brown. Socially Dr. Brown occupied an envia-
ble position by reason of his personal worth and the honorable
history of his family in America. Bedford Brown, the father of
Dr. Brown, was the eldest of eight children, and was born in 1791.
He was an attorney, and prominent in the legal and political his-
tory of North Carolina. He entered the house of commons of
the State at the age of twenty-one, served a number of years on
the floor and twice as speaker; also for several terms in the senate,
includinsr one term as speaker of that body; was elected to the
United States Senate in 1828 and re-elected in 1836, winning dis-
tinction in that eminent position; and then retired to private life



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 765

until i860. When he was called to be a member of the convention
he steadfastly opposed secession until the call for troops to invade
the South, and then he as earnestly advocated Southern independ-
ence. His wife, Mary Lumpkin Glenn, was descended from and
connected with some of the wealthiest and most influential families



Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 78 of 153)