Clement Anselm Evans.

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which he participated should be mentioned Big Bethel, where he
aided in the first of the long series of Federal defeats on Virginia
soil, a month's service in the defense of Yorktown, Williamsburg,
where in command of his battery he opened the fight, two days at
Seven Pines, Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill. Savage Station, Frayser's
Farm, Malvern Hill, Second Manassas, Crampton's Gap, Harper's
Ferry, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, then attached to Pickett's di-
vision in the siege of Suffolk, where the service of the battery was
complimented in general orders, the third day at Gettysburg,
Bachelder's Creek, Fort Craig, New Bern, Plymouth (at Forts Gray
and Wessel), N. C; Little Washington, N. C, second attack on
New Bern, N. C, three battles at Drewry's bluff under Beauregard,
Bermuda Hundred, at Cold Harbor on the first and third days and
the general attack at Petersburg on June 15, 16, 17 and 18, 1864.
The battery was stationed, under Captain Clopton. at the left of the
crater on the Petersburg lines, and participated in the battle fol-
lowing the explosion September 6, 1864, subsequently taking part
in the actions at Hatcher's Run and Burgess' Mill, and after a forced
night march of forty-two miles, took part in the defense of Fort
Harrison, on the north side of the James. Returning to his posi-
tion on the Petersburg lines, he participated in the action of April
2, 186s, and then being placed on the inner lines, held his position
all the next day, unsupported by artillery, against the advance of
Grant. After fighting at Sailor's Creek he improved an oppor-
tunity to escape from the disaster there with his battery, and re-
joining the main army at Farmville, was with Gordon's corps until
they reached Appomattox, when he pushed on to Lynchburg and
took position on Amherst heights, where he received orders to
disband from Gen. Fitzhugh Lee. He was paroled at Ashland,
May 2d. After these events he made his horne at Manchester, Va.,
and engaged in the practice of his profession. Li 1874 he was
elected judge of the city court of Manchester and the county court
of Chesterfield, positions he held for six years. In 1886 he was
elected county judge of Chesterfield county, where he has gained
a wide reputation as a jurist of ability and fairness. He maintains
a membership in the Pickett camp of Confederate Veterans at
Richmond.

Captain George Moffett Cochran, a prominent lawyer of Staun-
ton, Va., was born in Augusta county, February 26, 1832. His
father, George M. Cochran, was an influential citizen, who ren-
dered service to the Confederate cause as a member of the reserve
forces at Staunton. His maternal great-grandfather was Col.
George Moffett, a hero of the Revolutionary war. Captain Moffett



808 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

was reared in Augusta county and educated at the university of
Virginia. In 1853, having prepared himself for the practice of lawf,
he made his home at Staunton and was admitted to the bar. He
continued in the practice of his profession until April 17, 1861, when
he abandoned this occupation to enter the military service of Vir-
ginia. Repairing to Harper's Ferry, where the military strength
of the valley had gathered under the leadership of Col. Thomas J.
Jackson, he served under that commander and later under Gen.
J. E. Johnston as ordnance officer, though uncommissioned, until
the battle of First Manassas, when he was oiifered the position of
quartermaster, with the rank of captain, by Col. John B. Baldwin,
commanding the Fifty-second regiment, Virginia infantry. In this
capacity Captain Cochran continued to serve, rendering important
service to his regiment, until he was surrounded and paroled at
Appomattox. He participated in the campaigns and battles of his
regiment, was in the battles of Alleghany Mountain, Fredericks-
burg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and the Wilderness, and after
serving in the Shenandoah valley on detached service from July
until October, 1864, was with his regiment on the Petersburg lines
and at Appomattox. After being paroled, he again made his home
at Staunton and resumed the practice of law, which he has since
continued. He was elected to the legislature in 1889 and served
one term, and has, during several terms, been a member of the city
council.

Captain John Archer Coke, who since the war has been prom-
inently associated with the legal profession at Richmond, was born
at Williamsburg, July 14, 1842. In the years of peace preceding
the great struggle he was educated at William and Mary college
and received the degree of A. B. in i860. It was his intention then
to embrace the profession of law, but in anticipation of the out-
break of the war, he enlisted in March, 1861, in the Lee Artillery,
an organization formed at Williamsburg, under Capt. W. R. Gar-
rett, of which he was elected second lieutenant. The command sub-
sequently entered the service of the Confederate States and gal-
lantly participated in the battle of Williamsburg, where they cap-
tured four guns from the enemy, which were then presented to the
battery by General Longstreet. At the reorganization of the army,
in the spring of 1862, Lieutenant Coke was promoted captain, in
which rank he served until after the Maryland campaign of that
year, when, on account of losses of men and equipment, the artil-
lery was reorganized and his company was consolidated with the
Second and Third Richmond Howitzers. Captain Coke was then
ordered to report to Gen. G. W. Smith, at Richmond, and was
subsequently assigned to duty as enrolling officer for the Third
congressional district of Virginia, with headquarters at Richmond,
under command of Col, John C. Shields, commander of the con-
script department for that State. He continued in the same ser-
vice after Gen. J. L. Kemper was put in charge of the department,
and while on this duty, volunteered in every expedition organized
to meet the raids of the Federals about the city. In one of these,
while acting as aide-de-camp for the colonel commanding Gen.
Eppa Hunton's brigade, and carrying an order to the colonel of a
regiment on the left of the line, he was wounded on the head by a
â– piece of shell, but not seriously hurt. When Richmond was evac



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 809

uated, he accompanied General Kemper, as a member of his staff,
with a party of other officers, to Halifax county, where they heard
of Lee's surrender, and thence proceeded to Henry county and
joined a party which endeavored to reach General Johnston's army.
Upon the surrender of the latter, he returned to Danville, Va., and
gave his parole to the Federal authorities. Then returning home
he took up the study of law, and in September, 1865, removed to
Richmond and entered upon the practice, in which he has ever since
been successfully engaged. He is still a comrade to the survivors
of the army, and is a member of R. E. Lee camp, No. i. Confed-
erate Veterans.

Captain Octavius Coke, a native Virginian, who, at the time of
his death, held the office of secretary of State of North Carolina,
was born at Williamsburg, the son of John Coke and his wife,
Eliza Hankins, both of Virginia families long resident in that vi-
cinity. Other children of these parents who survive are ex-United
States Senator Richard Coke, of Waco, Tex.; Alexander and John
A. Coke, prominent lawyers at Richmond, Va., Dr. Lucius C. Coke,
of North Carolina, and two daughters, residing in Virginia. Cap-
tain Coke was educated in William and Mary college, and began
the practice of law at Williamsburg in i860. Hardly had this pro-
fessional career been opened when he heard the bugle call of his
beloved State, and he enrolled himself among her defenders. Just
at manhood he became a soldier in the Thirty-second Virginia
infantry, and his army career was identified with that of Pickett's
division. He served with gallantry and was twice wounded, at
Sharpsburg and Five Forks. After the war he resumed the pro-
fession of law and became a citizen of Edenton, N. C. Attaining
success in his legal work, he also became prominent in politics,
where his impressive personality, strong will and keen judgment
made him a leader from the start. In 1872 he was the Democratic
candidate for presidential elector for the First district. In 1876 he
was a candidate for the State senate and succeeded in spite of a
regular adverse majority. He served with distinction, and on the
expiration of his term, made his home at Raleigh, where he con-
tinued the practice of law for a time, but ultimately restricted his
public business to politics. In 1880 he became chairman of the
Democratic State central committee, rendering important service,
and in 1884 was a prominent candidate for the nommation of gov-
ernor. In 1891 he was appointed secretary of State to fill a va-
cancy, and in the following year was elected to the office, which
he filled, with increasing popularity, until his death, August 30,
1895. He was a man of generous proportions, physically and men-
tally. In his politicail career he was frankly aggressive and genu-
inely honest. He served his party with remarkable generosity, and
at the same time sought the good of the people rather than his own
aggrandizement.

Colonel Edward Dorsey Cole, of Fredericksburg, Va., was born in
Prince William county, Va., on October 10, 1843. His parents, Hor-
ace and Martha A. (Taylor) Cole, were natives of Prince William
county. In 1862 they took refuge in Fredericksburg, where they
remained several months, then returned to their former home in
Prince William county and remained there until 1873, then re-
moved to Fredericksburg, which place was their home until 1878.



SIO CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

The father died July 25th, and the mother August loth, of the same
year. In March, 1862, Edward enlisted in Capt. W. G. Brawner's
Independent cavalry company, and three months later he was de-
tailed for duty as scout and courier for Gen. J. E. B. Stuart. He
continued in this service throughout the famous raids and battles
and campaigns of the great cavalry leader, including contests at
Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spottsyl-
vania Court House and until General Stuart fell in 1864 at Yellow
Tavern on the Brooke turnpike near Richmond. Mr. Cole_then
served in the same capacity for Gen. Robert E. Lee during the
fighting around Gaines' Mill, after which he returned to his com-
pany, which had been attached to Col. John S. Mosby's command.
Capt. W. H. Baylor commanded Company H and Cole remained
with that command, taking part in the raid around Fairfax Court
House and Charlestown and other places, until the surrender, April
9, 1865; and a few days later he surrendered at Winchester and
took the oath of allegiance to the United States. He then returned
to Fredericksburg, Va., where he remained in the employment of
the Virginia express company for two years. Oii May 9, 1867, he
was married to Alice Gray Cole, daughter of Counsellor Cole, then
returned to his native county. Prince William, and engaged in farm-
ing for four years, when he returned to Fredericksburg and em-
barked in mercantile business with his brother-in-law, R. G. Swift,
and since the death of the latter, he has continued in business alone.
From a very slight beginning he has become one of the foremost
and most prosperous merchants of the city, and his active partici-
pation in public afifairs meanwhile has made him a valued and re-
spected citizen. For nearly twenty years past he has been one of
the most influential members of the city council, holding the chair-
manship of important committees and laboring faithfully for the
common good. In 1897 he was elected recorder of the city. He
is a charter member of the Fredericksburg and- Adjacent National
Battlefields Memorial Park association of Virginia, was a member
of the advisory board for the erection of the Mary Washington
monument, and was for two years, by appointment of Mrs. Amelia
C. Waite, president of the National association, in charge of the
Mary Washington monument and park. He is at present a mem-
ber of the staff of the governor of Virginia with the title and rank
of colonel of cavalry. His spacious residence is on Washington
heights in the city of Fredericksburg, fronting the Monument
park. Two children of Colonel Cole are living, Sarah, wife of
William L. Brannan, and Alice.

Major Holmes Conrad, who, during the latter half of the second
administration of President Cleveland, held the position of solicitor-
general of the United States, is a native of Virginia, and served with
distinction throughout the entire war of the Confederacy. He was
born at Winchester, in the Shenandoah valley, January 31, 1840, and
was reared at that city, receiving his preparatory schooling^ at the
Winchester academy and completing his education at the university
of Virginia. On April 17, 1861, the day of the passage of the ordi-
nance of secession by the convention, he enlisted as a private in
Company A of the First Virginia cavalry regiment. He was ap-
pointed first sergeant of his troop and served m that capacity until
January, 1862, when he was transferred to the Seventeenth battalion




HOLMES CONRAD



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 811

of cavalry, afterward enrolled as the Eleventh regiment of cavalry,
with the rank of lieutenant and adjutant of the regiment. Subse-
quently he was promoted captain and assigned to duty as assistant
inspector-general of Rosser's brigade. In October, 1864, he was
again promoted, on the field, to the rank of major, and assistant
inspector-general for the cavalry division under command of Maj.-
Geii. Thomas L. Rosser. In this rank he served at Five Forks and
during the subsequent retreat from Richmond, and surrendered
after the main body of the army had capitulated at Appomattox.
Returning to his home Major Conrad immediately turned his at-
tention to the study of law, and in January, 1866, was admitted to
the bar. He speedily became prominent professionally and also
took an active and laudable part in the political afjEairs of his county
and the State. In 1881-82 he served in the Virginia legislature, in
1892 was a successful candidate for elector-at-large on the National
ticket, and in June, 1893, received from President Cleveland the
appointment of assistant attorney-general of the United States.
His efficient service in this position made highly appropriate the
promotion which followed in February, 1895, to the office of solic-
itor-general.

Lieutenant Joseph Cooper, of Fairfax, Va., a veteran of the
Eighth Virginia infantry, was born at Alexandria, September 7,
1824. In his youth his home was removed to Fairfax county, where
he enlisted as a private in 1861, on the first call of the State, in Com-
pany G of the Eighth regiment. His meritorious service was re-
warded in the following October by promotion to sergeant, and
at the reorganization, in 1862, he was made second lieutenant.
After the battle of Gettysburg, where he participated in the world-
famous charge of Pickett's division, and fell, shot through the
shoulder by a musket ball, he was promoted, while in hospital at
Staunton, to the rank of first lieutenant. In this grade he served
when he returned to the field in December, 1863, until near the close
of the war, when, in March, 1865, at the engagement of Gravelly
Run, he was again wounded in the mouth and jaw. On the way
to hospital from this battlefield he was captured and confined
at Petersburg, then at the Old Capitol prison, and subsequently at
Johnson's island until June 24, 1865, when he was released. Then
returning to his home in Fairfax county, he resumed the manu-
facture of carriages and wagons, in which he had been engaged
previous to the war. In this branch of trade he has continued dur-
ing the period of peace which has followed the exciting events of
1861-65, prospering in his business, and earning the good-will and
respect of the community by the same admirable traits of man-
hood which rendered him a valuable Confederate soldier. He is
an honored member of the Masonic fraternity, and is one of the
most faithful comrades of Marr camp of Confederate Veterans,
holding the position of adjutant. On January i, 1867, he was mar-
ried to Susanna V. Steele, of Fairfax, and they have one daughter
living.

Robert Wilson, of Virginia, was a gallant soldier in the Confed-
erate States army, serving in Captain Doyle's company of Virginia
volunteers. A number of other members of the Wilson family were
in the service, and proved their devotion to the South in many hot-
ly-contested battles. Albert W. Cornick, a prominent business man



812 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

of Norfolk, Va., and a nephew of Robert Wilson, was born on
a farm in Norfolk county, July 24, i860. His father, Dr. Martin L.
Cornick, who died in 1865, was a native of Princess Anne county
and well known as a physician. His mother, Margaret F. (Wil-
son) Cornick, who is still living, is a native of Norfolk county. Mr.
Cornick was educated in the county and city schools, attending for
three years the school of Robert Gatewood, in Norfolk. He em-
barked in business life as a clerk in the grain business at Norfolk,
and, at twenty-one years of age, engaged in the boot and shoe bus-
iness, which he followed for about four years, with satisfactory
results, but finding that his health was failing on account of the
confinement, he abandoned that trade to enter the real estate busi-
ness, in 1884. In this line of enterprise, for which the growing city
of Norfolk ofifers an excellent field, he has met with conspicuous
success. He has attained a worthy place in the social life of the
community as well as in its business circles, and has before him
a promising future. As a member of the Business Men's associa-
tion he is watchful for the opportunities for advancement of the
city. His fraternal associations are with the Masonic order and
the Odd Fellows.

Major Ellison L. Costin, of recent years a resident of the city of
Washington, served with distinction in McLaws' command and in
Longstreet's corps of the army of Northern Virginia. He is a
native of the Old Dominion, born in Northampton county, Novem-
ber 14, 1834. He was reared in his native county and received his
academic education at the Concord academy in Caroline county.
Having determined to enter the profession of law, he matriculated
at the university of Virginia for legal study and was graduated there
in 1859. He embarked in the practice at once in his native county
in the peaceful days, which were soon disturbed by the threatened
insurrection at Harper's Ferry and the exciting events which fol-
lowed the presidential campaign of i860. When Virginia decided
to ally herself with the seceding States he was among her most
earnest supporters. In September, 1861, he entered the service of
the Confederacy as aide-de-camp upon the staff of Brig.-Gen. Rich-
ard Griffith, of Mississippi, with the rank of captain. In this posi-
tion he participated in the operations of McLaws' command in the
Peninsular carnpaign of 1862. At the battle of Savage Station, June
2gth, General Griffith was killed and Captain Costin subsequently
served upon the staff of his successor. Gen. William Barksdale, in
McLaws' division, until Barksdale was killed at Gettysburg. He
was then transferred to the stafif of Maj.-Gen. Lafayette McLaws,
with whom he served in Virginia, and in the Chickamauga, Chat-
tanooga and Knoxville campaigns, until McLaws was superseded
by Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw as division commander. Upon the
stafif of the latter he served until the end of the war, being promoted
on September 17, 1864, to the rank of major, on account of gallant
and meritorious service. Among the important battles in which
Major Costin participated, were those of Williamsburg, the Seven
Days' fighting before Richmond, Cedar Run, the Second Manassas,
Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Qhancellorsville, Gettysburg, Chicka-
mauga, Knoxville, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, the engagements
from Spottsylvania to Petersburg and the defense of Petersburg.
During the retreat from Richmond he participated in the battle at



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 813

Sailor's Creek and surrendered with the remnant of Kershaw's and
Custis Lee's divisions. As a prisoner of war he was sent to John-
son's island and held with other officers until paroled in June, 1865.
He then returned to his home and resumed the practice of law,
which he continued until compelled to abandon it by failing health.
In 1876 he was elected treasurer of Northampton county and con-
tinued in office until 1889, when he removed to Washington to
spend in quiet retirement the remainder of his days.

Major Alfred R. Courtney, distinguished in the artillery service
of the Confederate States army and since the war prominent in the
legal profession at Richmond, Va., entered the Confederate service
in the spring of 1861 with the rank of lieutenant in the Hampton
artillery. While in camp he was elected captain of another artillery
company, which was mustered in July 8, 1861, and was subsequently
known as Courtney's battery. Attached to the division of Maj.-
Gen. Richard S. Ewell, he commanded his battery in the engage-
ments at Front Royal, Winchester, Cross Keys and Port Republic,
in the Valley campaign of Jackson in 1862, and moving thence to
the defense of Richmond, served with distinction in the Seven Days'
fighting around Richmond. His gallantry at this time won him
promotion to the rank of major of artillery, and the command of
the artillery of Ewell's division. With this command he partici-
pated in the following: Manassas campaign, fighting at Slaughter
Mountain and the second battle of Manassas, and subsequently at
Harper's Ferry, Bristoe Station and Fredericksburg. Then being
transferred to the department of East Tennessee he fought at the
battles of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge, and subsequently
took part in the Atlanta campaign, commanding a battalion of the
artillery of Hood's division of the army of Tennessee. At the battle
of Resaca he was seriously wounded, but was able to resume his
command and participate in the three days' battles about Atlanta
and the encounter at Jonesboro, Ga. In the spring of 1865, at Co-
lumbus, Miss., he was put in command of a battalion of artillery, or-
ganized from the remnants of various batteries left from the Ten-
nessee campaign, and with this force reported to General Beaure-
gard at Augusta, Ga., where he was on duty when the armies sur-
rendered in the east. He was paroled at Augusta by General Fry,
a Confederate officer who was given that authority by General
Sherman. Major Courtney returned to his home at Richmond, on
the close of hostilities, and embarked in the career of a lawyer, in
which he has since then become distinguished. Soon after his re-
turn he was elected commonwealth attorney for Henrico county,
but was debarred from holding this office by the military authority
which was then supreme. In 1870 he was elected to the State sen-
ate from Henrico county and sat in that body one term. His prom-
inent service in the armies of Northern Virginia and Tennessee ren-
ders him a conspicuous figure among the survivors of the Confed-
erate armies, and his career in civil life has been no less honorable
and manly.

John Cowles, a gallant Confederate soldier, was a native of James
City county, Va., and left his occupation as a farmer in April, 1861,
in answer to the call of his State, and enlisted as a private in a
company of troopers which was assigned to the Fifth Virginia reg-
iment of cavalry, Company H, then under the command of Colonel



814 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

Rosser. Throughout the war he was identified with the record of
this regiment and rendered faithful and efficient service. He was
twice promoted and held the rank of orderty sergeant at the end of
the struggle. After the close of hostilities he resumed his life as
a farmer and continued in that occupation until his death, February
22, 1888. His wife was Harriet Virginia, daughter of William L.
Spencer, a Confederate soldier, who, after the war, served twenty-
five years as sherifif of James City county. She now resides in
Hampton, Va. Dudley Redwood Cowles, the fourth of their nine
children, was born March 26, 1872, and was reared upon the farm
in James City county, graduating at William and Mary college in
1894. During his collegiate course he was out of college four years
and was occupied as principal, in succession, of a school in his
native county, the Bridgetown graded school and the Chesapeake
academy, on the eastern shore of Virginia. After his graduation



Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 85 of 153)