Clement Anselm Evans.

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cessation of naval operations he joined the land forces and sur- ,
rendered with the army of General Johnston at Greensboro, N. C.
Soon after he was paroled Mr. Daniel returned to his old home
at Washington and embarked in civil life. In his undertakings
since the close of the war he has met with gratifying success and —
has gained the confidence and esteem of the community. SincS
the year 1888 he has been in the service of the government of the
District of Columbia.

Captain William T. Daougherty, adjutant of R. E. Lee camp,
No. 3, United Confederate Veterans, Hampton, Va., was born at
Hampton, December 13, 1840. His father, George P. Daougherty,
born in Southampton county, 1819, died in 1896, was for many
years prior to the war a foreman in the Gosport navy yard, and
during the war was in the service of the Confederacy at Charlotte,
N. C. In April, 1861, young Daougherty, then residing at Hamp-
ton, enlisted in the Washington artillery, organized at that place,
as a private. He served with this organization through 1861 and
the spring of 1862, mainly at Yorktown, and at the reorganiza-
tion was elected second lieutenant of his company. On May 20,
1862, he resigned his commission and became a private in the Old
Dominion Dragoons, a cavalry company, in which he remained
until the close of the war, gaining promotion to orderly sergeant
in July, 1864. He participated in the fighting at Yorktown and
Williamsburg with the artillery, and during his subsequent career
as a cavalryman took part in a great number of engagements, in-
cluding practically all of those in which the cavalry under Stuart,
Hampton and Lee won such distinguished honor. Among these
battles were Malvern Hill, Muddy Run, Cedar Mountain, Second
Manassas,, Willis' Church, Hanover Court House, Brandy Station,
Kelly's, Ford, Dumfries, White Post, Fairfax Court House,
Chahtilly, Poolesville, Boonsboro, Sharpsburg, Paris, Upperville,
Philomont, Fredericksburg, Aldie, Carlisle, Hanover, Pa., Gettys-
burg Cashtown, Williamsport, Raccoon Ford, Chancellorsville,
Todd's Tavern, Spottsylvania, Beaver Dam, Yellow Tavern,



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 829

Meadow Bridge, Trevilian's, White House, Nance's Shop, Reams'
Station, and Front Royal. During this service three horses were
killed under him. On August 16, 1864, at the Front Royal fight,
he was captured, and after a week's confinement in the Old Capitol
prison, was held at Elmira, N. Y., until March 10, 1865. He was
then paroled for three months, with other invalid prisoners, and
the war closed soon afterward. Since the war he has been actively
engaged in his business as a carpenter and builder, his principal
work being the famous Hygeia hotel at Old Point Comfort. In
189s he was elected commissioner of revenue of the city of Hamp-
ton. He is also a member of the board of trustees of the Hampton
school. He was one of the charter members of his camp of Con-
federate veterans and the first commander. In 1866 he was mar-
ried to Mary L. Curtis, of Hampton, and they have seven children:
Minnie T., wife of Joseph B. Deistal; Rachel E., wife of A. C.
Vaughan; Vernon L, William J., Silas Stuart, Marthella P., wife
of Frank M. Phoebus, and Elbert Bruce.

Major James Dawley Darden, a Virginian, who was promi-
nently connected with the provisional army of the Confederate
States, after the war a resident of Washington, D. C, was born
at the town of Smithfield in 1828. In infancy his home was made
at Portsmouth, Va., and thence in 1838 he accompanied his family
to Washington, where he received his education. In the year i860
Major Darden was an official in the United States custom house
at San Francisco, but, after the election of Mr. Lincoln to the
presidency, resigned his position and returned to Virginia. Being
heartily in sympathy with his State, he tendered his services for
her defense after secession was decide'd upon, and in the summer
of 1861 he was appointed to the stafi of Gen. Lewis Armistead as
aide-de-camp with the rank of first lieutenant. In this capacity he
served until July 31, 1862, when he was promoted captain and as-
signed to the stafI of the adjutant-general of the provisional army.
His service continued until the close of the war, when he sur-
rendered at Charlottesville, Va., and was paroled. His duties were
of such a nature as to bring him prominently upon many of the'
famous battlefields of the war, where his conduct was characterized
by the bravery and foresight of a skillful soldier. The most notable
engagements in which he participated were Seven Pines, Malvern
Hill, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Bermuda Hundred, Fred-
ericksburg Rappahannock Bridge and Gettysburg. His horses
were killed under him at Seven Pines, Malvern Hill and Manassas,
and he was twice wounded, once at Gettysburg and once, in the
right leg, at Rappahannock Bridge. After the conclusion of the
war he returned to Washington, and subsequently resided in Texas,
Arkansas, and Memphis, Tenn., until 1881, when he made his per-
manent home at Washington. He acquired a membership in the
Washington association of Confederate veterans.

James J. Dashiell, a brave veteran of the Sixth Virginia reg-
iment, and now a respected citizen of Portsmouth, Va., was born
in Surry county, April 6, 1837. His father, James J. Dashiell, a
native of the same county, a brickmason and farther by occupation,
died in 1847. His mother, Irena E. Wyatt, a native of Suflfolk,
Va., died_ in 1894. At nine years of age Mr. Dashiell, his father
having previously died, accompanied his mother to Suffolk, where



830 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

he was reared and apprenticed to the merchant tailor's trade.
April 19, 1861, he was mustered into the service of the Confederate
States, as a member of the Independent Grays, an excellent com-
pany which became Company H of the Sixth Virginia regiment,
and was distinguished for faithful service in Mahone's brigade.
The Grays were among the first troops sent to Craney island, and
there had charge of a section of heavy artillery. At Chancellors-
ville the company was distinguished in a most gallant charge over
the abatis of the enemy in the evening of May 2d, capturing a
number of prisoners and the colors of an Ohio regiment. Private
Dashiell was with the company from enlistment until the close,
reaching home April 17, 1865, just two days short of four years
from his enlistment. He participated in all the battles of his com-
mand, including Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness,
Spottsylvania Court House, Cold Harbor, Burgess' Mill, Reams'
Station, Wilcox Farm, Culpeper Court House and Bristoe Station,
and excepting the fight at the Crater, when he was on picket duty,
and Fredericksburg and the Maryland campaign of 1862, when he
was sick with typhoid fever. He was paroled at Richmond March
IS, 1865. Since the war he has resided at Portsmouth, engaged in
his business of merchant tailor. In July, 1894, he was elected
keeper of the city cemeteries, a position to which he was re-elected
in 189s for three years. He is a member of Stonewall camp.
Confederate Veterans, and of the order of Red Men, and is affili-
ated with the Baptist church. On April 26, 1859, he was married
to Maria J. Daughtrey, of Nansemond county, and they have ten
children living.

Thomas J. Dashiell, now prominently connected with the trans-
portation business of Portsmouth, was one of the most faithful
members of the Old Dominion Guard, distinguished among the
military companies which gave renown to that part of Virginia.
Before the war the Guard was noted throughout the State, and for
a year before 1861 Private Dashiell was associated with its renown
as a well-drilled militia company and a part of the Third Virginia
regiment. With the company he was called into active service
April 20, 1861, and immediately went on duty in protection of the
navy yard. Subsequently it was detached from the Third regiment
and stationed at Pinner's Point, where it became Company K of
the Ninth regiment, and remained until the evacuation. Private
Dashiell then served with his company in the movement to Peters-
burg and Richmond and participated in the battles of Seven Pines
and Malvern Hill. He subsequently fought at Second Manassas,
Harper's Ferry, Sharpsburg and Fredericksburg. After the latter
engagement he was attacked by pneumonia, which confined him
in the hospital during the following winter. Rejoining his regi-
ment in Majr, 1863, he took part in skirmishes near Suffolk and
then fought in the Pennsylvania campaign, participating in Pick-
ett's charge at Gettysburg, and being one of the five men of his
company who reached the stone wall uninjured. He was captured,
and during the succeeding fourteen and a half months was held
as a prisoner of war at Point Lookout. After being exchanged he
rejoined his command, then in front of Bermuda Hundred, and
on March 31st was in the battle of Dinwiddle Court House. In this
engagement he was under such a hot fire that underclothing in



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 831

his haversack was perforated with twenty-seven holes and he was
struck by a ball which fortunately his belt and haversack prevented
from seriously injuring him. At Five Forks, April ist, he was again
captured and was confined at Point Lookout until the following
June. At the close of the war he was third sergeant of his com-
pany. Sergeant Dashiell was born in Accomack county, March I,
1839, son of George H. and Atalanta (Feddeman) Dashiell. The
father was a native of Maryland, was a farmer by occupation, and
died in Norfolk county in 1870. The son was reared in Norfolk
county, and for three years before the war held a clerkship in the
Portsmouth postoffice. On his return in 1865 he spent eighteen
months at the farm residence, and then made his home at Berkley.
From 1867 to 1870 he was in the service of the Bay Line steam-
ship company, during the following year was with the Atlantic,
Mississippi & Ohio railroad company, and then returned to the
Bay Line company, with which he has since been associated. In
1890 he removed to Portsmouth, and became the agent of the
steamship company. He is a member of Stonewall camp, the
Episcopal church, the Knights of Pythias and Knights of Honor.
On December 31, 1868, he was married to Alexenia Nash Port-
lock, who died October 25, 1884, leaving one son, Thomas Edward
Dashiell, and a daughter, Kate Atalanta, who died January 6, 1893.
Samuel Boyer Davis, of Alexandria, Va., whose service in the
cause of the Confederate States was one of the most romantic in
the history of the war, was born at Wilmington, Del., December
S, 1843. Early in life his home was made at Baltimore and, with
other young Marylanders, his sympathies were earnestly with the
South at the opening of the war in 1861. In his nineteenth year,
July, 1862, he enlisted in the Confederate service, as a member of
Latimer's battery of artillery, in time to participate in the impor-
tant engagements of Cedar Run, Second Manassas and Sharps-
burg. Subsequently his intelligence and efficiency caused his pro-
motion to the position of orderly with Colonel Hoke, then in
command of Trimble's brigade, and he afterward served as aide-
de-camp upon the staff of General Trimble, who was promoted
major-general and put in command of a division of the Second
army corps. While serving in this capacity, in the support of
Pickett, during the third day's fight at Gettysburg, he was shot
through the lung and taken prisoner by the advance of the Federal
forces. Though assured by a surgeon that he would die, he was
carried to a field hospital and soon was under care at the Chester
hospital, Pennsylvania. His determination to live was no sooner
clearly in prospect of realization than he formed a plan to escape
before being transferred to a prison. He found a sympathizing
comrade in Captain Slay, of the Sixteenth Mississippi, and bribed
a guard to permit them to escape on the night of August 16, 1863.
After some hairbreadth escapes from detection, they reached
Dover, Del., greatly fatigued, the next night, and there received
aid in their effort to reach the Potomac. Crossing Maryland, they
received help from friends and finally took a boat over the Po-
tomac and reached the Confederate lines. After arriving at Rich-
mond, both were prostrated by the forced march they had made
from the Pennsylvania hospital and were for a long time sick
with typhoid fever. Late in October, Lieutenant Davis reported



832 CONFEDERA TE MILITARY HISTORY.

for duty and was assigned to Gen. John H. Winder as acting
assistant inspector general, with duty at Richmond. In the follow-
ing May he was ordered to Goldsboro, N. C, and thence in June
to Andersonville, Ga., where he arrived about the same time as
did General Winder. The condition of affairs there, 24,000 pris-
oners confined in an area of 28 acres, guarded by 1,200 militia, led
to his being sent with dispatches to Adjutant-General Cooper,
urging the establishment of another prison and that no more
prisoners should be forwarded there. On July 21 he was ordered
to take charge of the prison at Macon, Ga. On account of a brief
parole he granted a prisoner he was relieved and returned to An-
dersonville, where he relieved Captain Wirz, who was seriously
ill, about August 14th. On Christmas day, 1864, he was in Rich-
mond and accepted an opportunity to be the bearer of important
dispatches through the United States to Canada. These dis^
patches, consisting of a manifesto from President Davis that John
Beall, of Virginia, had been ordered to make the attempt to cap-
ture Johnson's island, and a copy of Beall's commission in the
Confederate States navy, he carried safely through Washingtoft
and thence to Toronto, without exciting suspicion; but on his
return, at Sandusky, Ohio, he fell in with a party of returned
Federal prisoners from Andersonville, who instantly recognized
him, and he was put in jail at Newark, Ohio. There he was able
to remove the dispatches for the Confederate government, which
had been executed on white silk and sewed in the lining of his
coat, and burn them in the stove. Accused of being a spy^ he was
taken to the "McLean Barracks," at Cincinnati, and confined there
in a small room, wearing a ball and chain, and furnished with a
block of wood for a pillow, which he was not to raise his head
from until called in the morning, on pain of being shot by the
sentinel. He was tried on the 17th and i8th of January and, though
he made, according to the Cincinnati papers of that date, a most
eloquent and forcible argument that he was a bearer of dispatches
but not a spy, the case was prejudged and public sentiment clam-
ored for his death. To his accusers he said: "I know I have only
done my duty. I have done it as best I could. God knows what
I intended and He knows I do not deserve death; but if I die I go
without asking pity, as a soldier should die." About February
1st a gentleman called upon him and promised to advise his friends
of his situation, but he soon learned that he had been condemned
to death by hanging February 17, 1865. He was taken to John-
son's island and soon was advised that his friends were working
for him and had secured some influential help; but beyond the
mysterious assurance of a strange visitor that he would not be
ebcecuted. he heard no word as to his fate. On the morning of
the 17th he was aware that his gallows had been completed; he had
perceived the arrangements for his execution, had given up all
hope, and was in fact already dead to the world, though unmoved
and undaunted, when, as the band was playing the dead march,
the commanding officer announced that the sentence had been
commuted to imprisonment for life. He started at once for Fort
Delaware prison, passing a train load of people on an excursion
to witness his execution. At Fort Delaware he was put in irons
and treated with inhuman brutality by General Schoepf, the officer



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 833

in charge. Subsequently transferred to Albany, N. Y., he was for
six weeks confined in a cell and finally, through the intercession
of friends, was permitted to remain in the prison hospital. Mean-
while the Confederacy had ceased to be, but his imprisonment
continued. In November, 1865, he wrote to Mr. Bradley, the
president of the Andersonville Prison Survivors association, and
asked his assistance. This was promptly promised by that gen-
tleman, who wrote in reply: "You were the first to introduce any-
thing like sanitary regulations in the prison at Andersonville; at
Savannah, where you were in command, the prisoners were treated
like men, so far as you were concerned. . . . You never used
any violence and never punished anyone for trying to escape."
Finally, on December 7th he was released, though Secretary Stan-
ton declared that it was by mistake and that he ought to have been
hanged. After the war he learned that the kind heart of Abraham
Lincoln had been interested in his behalf and that it was to him
that he owed his escape from an ignominious death on an unjust
charge. Returning to Virginia, he lived upon a farm until 1868,
regaining his former strength and vigor, and then took charge,
as captain, of a steamer on the Potomac river. During the last
administration of President Cleveland he served as assistant post-
master at Alexandria. He is an honorary member of R. E. Lee
camp. No. 2, Confederate Veterans. Four of his children are liv-
ing: two daughters, married, and two sons, one of whom is a lead-
ing member of the Alexandria bar and the other holding a posi-
tion in the United States Fishery commission. His experiences dur-
ing the war which have led to his designation as the "Andre" of the
Confederacy have been well described by him in a brochure pub-
lished in 1892, after the story had been partly told before the Loyal
Legion by a member of his court martial.

Horace P. Deahl, of Berryville, Va., a Confederate veteran who
served both in the infantry and the cavalry of the army of North-
ern Virginia, was born at the town where he now resides, March
26, 1836. Previous to the war he was engaged in business at Berry-
ville and was a member of a militia organization, with which he
served at Harper's Ferry during the exciting period following
the attempted insurrection by John Brown in 1859. He went again
with his command to Harper's Ferry when it was occupied by
the Virginia troops in April, 1861, and as third lieutenant of his
company enlisted for a year in the Confederate service, the com-
pany being assigned as Company I to the Second Virginia in-
fantry. With Jackson's brigade of Johnston's army he served at
Harper's Ferry and vicinity, and then took part in the first battle
of Manassas, .where his brigade earned the title of "Stonewall."
Before the end of his first year's service he was promoted first
lieutenant of his company, but at the close of that period he en-
listed as a private in Company D of the Sixth Virginia cavalry
regiment. He served in that capacity throughout the remainder
of the four years, except the final three months, which he passed
in a Federal prison, and during his service participated in all the
battles of his command in the Shenandoah valley, eastern Vir-
ginia, West Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania. Many accounts
are given by his comrades of his personal exploits, illustrating his
personal courage and daring as a trooper. He was three times



834 CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY.

wounded, twice at Brandy Station and once at Trevilian Station.
In January, 1865, he was captured ^nd taken to Fort McHenry,
Baltimore, where he experienced the horrors of prison life, being
for some time confined with six others in a narrow dungeon cell.
When released, after the close of hostilities, he resumed his resi-
dence and business pursuits at Berryville, where he is now prom-
inent as a merchant and a citizen. He is a member of J. E. B.
Stuart camp. Confederate Veterans, and of the Clarke Cavalry
association.

William Harper Dean, a well-known business man of Rich-
mond, and a veteran of the First Virginia regiment of infantry,
was born in that city in 1841 and was there reared and educated.
Immediately after the passage of the ordinance of secession of the
State, he enlisted, April 19th, as a private in the First Virginia in-
fantry, with which he was subsequently identified during the re-
mainder of the war. His soldierly qualities and gallant service
soon brought about his promotion from the grade of private. In
July, 1861, he was made corporal, in the fall of 1861 fourth ser-
geant, two or three months later third sergeant, and on the field
at Williamsburg he was promoted first sergeant of his company.
In 1863 he was promoted to the responsible and important posi-
tion of quartermaster sergeant of the First regiment. In this
capacity he served during the remaining two years of the war,
continuing with his command until it was surrendered and paroled
at Appomattox. During his active service in the field he par-
ticipated in the battles of Manassas of 1861, Falls Church, Wil-
liamsburg. Seven Pines, Gaines' Mill, Frayser's Farm, Malvern
Hill, Manassas of 1862, Sharpsburg, Md., Fredericksburg, and
Plymouth, N. C, a series of important and severe engagements
which includes a goodly share of the hardest fighting of the war,
throughout which he bore himself as a brave and devoted soldier.
At the close of hostilities Sergeant Dean returned to business life
and became identified with the tobacco trade. For two years suc-
ceeding the war he was thus engaged at New York city, and sub-
sequently conducted a factory during four years in Nova Scotia.
After another year at New York he conducted a tobacco business
at Montreal, Canada, until 1887, when he again made his home
at Richmond, and, giving his attention to the leaf tobacco trade,
has built up a successful business. Mr. Dean is a member of both
the Lee and Pickett camps, United Confederate Veterans.

D. W. Debord, of Marion, Va., a veteran of the Twenty-third
Virginia battalion, was born in Smyth county, July 7, 1840. When
about twenty-one years of age, in the latter part of June, 1861, he
entered the Confederate service as a private in .Capt. William
Blessing's company, Company A, Twenty-third Virginia battalion,
with which he first served in West Virginia, and then, moving
through Kentucky, participated in the defense of Fort Donelson,
where the Virginia troops fought gallantly in the very creditable
battle which preceded the surrender. Escaping from that calamity
with the mam part of General Floyd's command, he shared the
service of the command at Nashville, in preserving order and
saving supplies, and then returned to southwest Virginia. The
Twent3r-tnird battalion, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel
Derrick, was part of the army of the Kanawha which operated in
the valley from which it derived its title, during 1862, notably in



CONFEDERATE MILITARY HISTORY. 835

the September campaign against ttie Federal forces at Charles-
ton. Private Debord fought with this army, and during 1864 was
with his battalion in the brigade of Gen. George H. Steuart in
the campaign from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor, after which
he went with Early to the Shenandoah valley, drove the Federals
across the Potomac and marched through Maryland, fighting at
Monocacy and skirmishing before the Federal forts surrounding
the capital of the United States. Then returning to the valley he
participated in the campaign against Sheridan until, in the battle
of Winchester, September 19, 1864, he was captured by the enemy.
He was held as a prisoner of war at Point Lookout until the fol-
lowing March, when the resources of the Confederacy were ex-
hausted and there was no longer opportunity for effective service.
He escaped injury during his service, with the exception of a
slight wound received at Dry Creek, Monroe county, W. Va.
Since the close of hostilities he has been engaged in wagon man-
ufacturing at Marion. He was married in 1859 to Katherine Hop-
kins, by whom he has five children living: Daniel Wesley, Polly
Ann, John William. James M., and George A. Subsequent to the
death of his first wife he was married in 1894 to Levinah Shupe.

Major Julius Adolphus De Lagnel, the hero of Rich Mountain,
commissioned brigadier-general in the provisional army of the
Confederate States, was born in New Jersey and was appointed
from Virginia to the United States army on March 8, 1847, as
second lieutenant of the Second infantry. In January, 1849, he
was promoted first lieutenant. Resignmg his commission upon
the formation of the Confederacy, he tendered his services to the



Online LibraryClement Anselm EvansConfederate military history; a library of Confederate States history → online text (page 88 of 153)