Clifton Johnson.

What to see in America online

. (page 1 of 30)
Online LibraryClifton JohnsonWhat to see in America → online text (page 1 of 30)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

Wliat To See In America

s^ ^ \'\ 'Vn ^




MACMILLAN & CO., Limited






Niagara Falls

What To See In


By Clifton Johnson

Author of American Highways and Byways

Series, The Picturesque Hudson, Among

EngUsh Hedgerows, Along French

Byways, Old-time Schools, etc.

With Five Hundred



PuUished hy The Macmillan Company


London: Macmillan and Co., Limited




Set up and clectrotyped. Published November, 1919.

J. S. Gushing Co. — Berwick & Smith Co.
Norwood, Mass., U.S.A.






A condensed list of attractions — scenic, historic, industrial, legendary and

personal — which make the different sections of our

country interesting to the sightseer.


I. Maine. The "Popham Colony," York, "Lovewell's
Fight " at Fryeburg, Forests, Mt. Katahdin, Lakes, Indians at
Oldtown, Hunting, Fishing, Mt. Desert, Portland, Longfellow,
Bowdoin College, Augusta, Blueberries, Aroostook Potatoes,
Quarries, "Artemus Ward," Jacob Abbott, Sarah Orne Jewett . 1

IL New Hampshire. The First Settlements at Dover and
Rye, John Stark, Dartmouth College, The White Mountains,
Lake Winnepesaukee, Isles of Shoals, Cornish, Portsmouth,
Horace Greeley, Daniel Webster, Concord the Capital, Man-
chester, Granite Quarries and Mica Mines ..... 13

III. Vermont. The "Indian Road," Brattleboro, Benning-
ton, MontpeHer, Lake Champlain, Burhngton, Cows, Maple Sugar,

St. Johnsbury, Marble Quarries, Mt. Mansfield .... 24

IV. Massachusetts. Plymouth Rock, Boston, Benjamin
FrankHn, Emerson, Parkman, Bunker Hill, Brookline, Nantasket
Beach, Brook Farm, Salem, Hawthorne, Marblehead, Cape Ann,
Gloucester, Quincy, Minot's Ledge Lighthouse, Cape Cod, Nan-
tucket, Cambridge, Harvard College, Lexington, Concord,
Whittier, Worcester, Springfield, Bryant, "Fighting Joe Hooker,"
Berkshire, Greylock, Hoosac Tunnel, "Josh Bilhngs " . .30

V. Connecticut. Windsor, Saybrook, Pequot Hill, Sachem's
Head, Tobacco, Manufactures, Old Newgate Prison, New Haven,
The Regicides, Yale University, Bridgeport, "Gen. Tom Thumb,"

viii Contents


New London, Oysters, Hartford, Noah Webster, Jonathan
Edwards, Harriet Beecher Stowe, John Brown, "Old Put,"
Nathan Hale, Bear Mountain 49

VI. Rhode Island. Providence, Roger Williams, Narragan-
sett Bay, Manufactures, Gen. Nathanael Greene, Newport, The
"Old Stone Mill," Mt. Hope, King Philip, Block Island, The
"Dancing Mortar," Durfee Hill 57

VII. New York City. Manhattan Island, The Statue of
Liberty, The Battery, Bowling Green, Wall Street, Trinity
Church, St. Paul's Chapel, Equitable Building, Washington
Irving, City Hall, Woolworth Building, Grace Church, The
Bowery, Railroad Stations, Washington Square, Fifth Avenue,
Flatiron Building, Metropolitan Life Tower, Waldorf-Astoria
Hotel, Public Library, St. Patrick's Cathedral, The "Great
White Way," Central Park, Riverside Drive, Columbia Uni-
versity, Jumel Mansion, Bronx Park, Hell Gate, Brooklyn Bridge,
Brooklyn, Coney Island 63

VIII. New York State. The Palisades, Tarrytown, Stony
Point, The Highlands, West Point, Vassar College, The Cats-
kills, Rip Van Winkle, Storm King, Albany, Mohawk River,
Shakers, Saratoga, Lake George, Lake Champlain, Ticonderoga,
Ausable Chasm, The Adirondacks, Mt. Marcy, Schenectady,
Cooperstown, Cornell University, Taghanic Fall, Rochester,
Chautauqua, Buffalo, Erie Canal, Niagara, The Thousand
Islands, Long Island, Walt Whitman 81

IX. New Jersey. First Permanent Settlement at Bergen
Point, Palisades, The Hamilton-Burr Duel, Newark, Delaware
Water Gap, High Point, Trenton, J. Fenimore Cooper, Princeton
College, Sandy Hook, Long Branch, Atlantic City, Cape May,
Lakewood 105

X. Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Battle of Germantown,
Railroads, Valley Forge, Pottstown "Ringing Rocks," Lancaster
Indian Massacre, Harrisburg, "Blue Juniata," Horseshoe Curve,
Blue Knob, Gettysburg, Battle of the Brandywine, Robert

Contents ix


Fulton, Valley of Wyoming, Coal, Pittsburgh, The Johnstown
Flood, Oil-wells, Grapes Ill

XI. Delaware. Centerville, Lewes, Wilmington, New
Castle, Dover, Great Cypress Swamp ...... 128

XII. Maryland. Kent Island, St. Mary's, Baltimore, First
Telegraph Line, Chesapeake Bay, Annapolis, Great Falls of the
Potomac, Barbara Frietchie, Battle of Antietam, Backbone
Mountain 132

XIII. The Nation's Capital. Pennsylvania Avenue, The
British Capture the City, The Capitol, The White House, The
Washington Monument, Congressional Library, Bureau of
Engraving and Printing, jVIuseum of National History, Union
Railway Station, Theater in Which Lincoln was Shot . . . 138

XIV. Virginia. Jamestown, Pocahontas, Williamsburg,
Yorktown, Hampton Roads, Old Point Comfort, Fortress
Monroe, Great Dismal Swamp, Richmond, Petersburg, Ap-
pomattox Court House, Fredericksburg, Battle of the Wilderness,
Arlington, Alexandria, Mt. Vernon, Battle of Bull Run, Shenan-
doah Valley, Caverns of Luray, Woodrow Wilson, Natural Bridge,

Hot Springs, Mt. Rogers, Thomas Jefferson .... 145

XV. West Virginia. Shepherdstown, Harpers Ferry,
Charlestown, Wheeling, Spruce Knob, White Sulphur Springs,
Mounds ville 158

XVI. North Carolina. Roanoke Island, "Blackbeard,"
Charlotte, Cotton Mills, Raleigh, Pinehurst, Great Smoky
Mountains, Asheville, Mt. Mitchell, Battle of Kings Mountain,
Daniel Boone , . . . . 162

XVII. South Carolina. Charleston, An^ Early Railroad,
Camden, Battle of the Cowpens, Eutaw Springs, Columbia,
Aiken, Sassafras Mountain 170

XVIII. Georgia. Savannah, Eli Whitney and His Cotton
Gin, Bonaventura Cemetery, Augusta, Andersonville, Atlanta,
Sherman's "March to the Sea," Joel Chandler Harris, Stone
Mountain, Brasstown Bald 176

X Contents


XIX. Florida. Mt. Pleasant, Climate, Pine Forests,
Palmettos, Ponce de Leon, Fernando de Soto, St. Augustine, St.
Johns River, Jacksonville, Palatka, The Ocklawaha, Shell Mounds,
Ormond, New Smyrna, Indian River, Palm Beach, The Sea-going
Railway, Key West, The Dry Tortugas, Pensacola, Tallahassee,
The "Wakulla Volcano," Suwannee River, Lake Okechobee,
Oranges, Tampa, Everglades, Seminole Indians . . . .182

XX. Alabama. Mobile, War with the Indians, Montgomery,
Tuskegee anfl Booker Washington, Birmingham, Cheaha Moun-
tain 204

XXI. Tennessee. Davy Crockett, Nashville, Andrew
Jaekson, Memphis, Fort Donelson, Battle of Shiloh, Chattanooga,
Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Admiral Farragut, Mt.
Guyot 209

XXII. Kentucky. Daniel Boone, Harrodsburg, The
Moundbuilders, Louisville, Lexington, Berea College, Big Bone
Lick, Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, The Mammoth Cave,

Big Black Mountain 215

XXIII. Ohio. Moravian Missions, Marietta, Mound-
builders, Cincinnati, The Battle of Fallen Timber, The Ohio
River, Cleveland, Sandusky, Columbus, Dayton, Six Ohio-born
Presidents of the United States 222

XXIV. Indiana. Vincennes, Indianapolis, Battle of Tippe-
canoe, Gary, The Harmony Society, Wyandotte Cave, Carlos
City, James Whitcomb Riley 230

XXV. Illinois. Starved Rock, The Black Hawk War,
Springfield, Cairo, Alton, Nauvoo the City of the Mormon
Saints, The Icarians, Charles Mound, Rockford, Chicago, Zion
City 236

XXVI. Michigan. Sault Sainte Marie, Mackinac Island,
Lake Huron, Detroit, Mt. Clemens, Ann Arbor, Lansing, Lake
Superior, The Pictured Rocks, Calumet and Hecla Copper Mine,
Porcupine Mountain 247

Contents xi


XXVII. Wisconsin. Rib Hill, Mound-builders, Green Bay,
Madison, Black Hawk, Lake Winnebago, Devils Lake, Mil-
waukee, The Yerkes Observatory ...... 254

XXVIII. Minnesota. Falls of St. Anthony, Fort Snelling,
St. Paul, Minneapolis, Lake Minnetonka, Falls of Minnehaha,
The Source of the Mississippi, The Lake Park Region, Fishing,
Hunting, and Canoeing, Grand Marais, Lake of the Woods,
Duluth, Iron Mines, Mesabi Range, Red River Valley, St. Croix
River, Lake Pepin 260

XXIX. Iowa. Pringhar, Mt. McGregor, Dubuque, Des
Moines, Spirit Lake, Council Bluffs, Amana Inspirationists . 272

XXX. Missouri. The Missouri River, St. Genevieve, St.
Louis, Jefferson City, Iron Mountain, Taum Sauk Mountain,
"Mark Twain," Kansas City 276

XXXI. Arkansas. Blue Mountain, The Ozarks, The
Arkansas River, Little Rock, Hot Springs Reservation . . 281

XXXII. Louisiana. Mississippi River, De Soto, New
Orleans, Barataria Bay, Grand Isle Pirates, Lost Island, Fads
Jetties, Baton Rouge, Audubon the Naturalist, Sulphur . . 285

XXXIII. Mississippi. Biloxi, Natchez, Vicksburg, Jackson,
Pass Christian, Holly Springs 296

XXXIV. Texas. Size and Chmate, San Antonio, The Alamo,
Houston, Austin, El Paso, El Capitan, The Rio Grande, Eagle
Pass, Brownsville, Corpus Christi, La Salle, Galveston, Beaumont
Oil Region, Rice, Dallas, Fort Worth, The Panhandle, The
Staked Plain, Cattle 300

XXXV. Oklahoma. Indians, "Boomers," Oklahoma City,
Shawnee, Piatt National Park 312

XXXVI. Kansas. Great Plains, Fort Leavenworth, Atchi-
son, Lawrence, Osawatomie, Kansas City, Topeka, Dodge,
Buffalo 315

XXXVII. Nebraska. Omaha, Mormons, Union Pacific Rail-
road, Overland Trail, "Hell on Wheels," Lincoln, Columbus . 321

xii Contents


XXXVIII. South Dakota. Size, Crops and Cattle, Fort
Pierre, Sioux Falls, Wind Cave National Park, Hot Springs,
Bad Lands, Blizzards, Black Hills, Harney Peak, Gold, Dead-
wood, Wild Bill, The Homestake Mine, Spearfish Canyon . . 326

XXXIX. North Dakota. Pembina, The Red River of the
North, Bonanza Farms, "Jimtown," Buffalo, Sully's Hill National
Park, Fargo, Bismarck, Pyramid Park, Summit . . . .331

XL. Montana. Granite Peak, Rocky Mountains, Fort
Benton, Helena, Butte, Gallatin Valley, Dry Farming, The
Missouri River and Its Falls, Range Cattle and Sheep, Bitter
Root National Forest, Glacier National Park, Blackfeet Indian
Reservation, Custer's Last Fight 335

XLI. Idaho. Hyndmau Peak, Sawtooth Mountains, Lewis
and Clark Expedition, Mines of the Coeur d'Alene, Boise, Arrow-
rock Dam, Soda Springs, St. Anthony, Seven Devils Mountains,
Shoshone Falls, The Snake River Lava Plains, Sagebrush . . 356

XLII. Wyoming. Fort Laramie, "Bill" Nye, Gold, Chey-
enne, Devil's Tower, Coal, Cattle and Sheep Industry, Gannet
Peak, Yellowstone National Park 363

XLIII. Utah. Great Salt Lake, Mormons, Salt Lake City,
Salduro, The Devil's Slide, First Transcontinental Railway,
Midway Hot Pots, Kings Peak, Mountain Meadows Massacre,
Little Zion, Natural Bridges 386

XLIV. Colorado. The Continental Divide, Mt. Elbert,
Conejos, Denver, "Potato Clark," Sand Creek Massacre of
Indians, Boulder Canyon, Silver Plume, Ladder to Cloudland,
Rocky Mountain National Park, National Forests, Palmer Lake,
Pikes Peak, Manitou, Colorado Springs, Garden of the Gods,
Cripple Creek, Greeley, Royal Gorge, Leadville, Mountain of the
Holy Cross, Glenwood Springs, Mesa Verde National Park, Kit
Carson 397

XLV. New Mexico. Climate, Santa Fe, Cliff-dwellers,
Sanctuario and Its Miracles, North Truchas Peak, Laos, Las
Vegas, Albuquerque, Laguna, Acoma, The Enchanted Mesa, Zuni 426

Contents xiii


XLVL Arizona. Tucson, Yuma, Desert Animals, Irrigation,
Phoenix, The Roosevelt Dam, The Apache Trail, Superstition
Mountains, The Cactus and Other Desert Growths, Casa Grande
Ruin, Petrified Forests, The Painted Desert, The Sky Cities of
the Hopi Indians, Navajo Reservation, Flagstaff, Lowell Obser-
vatory, San Francisco Mountains, Crater Mound, Bill Williams
Mountain, Grand Canyon 43S

XLVII. California. Size, Climate, National Forests, San
Diego, Missions, San Francisco, Robert Louis Stevenson, Mt.
Tamalpais, Sonoma County Geysers, Mt. Shasta, Lassen Volcano,
Oakland, Sacramento, Discovery of Gold, Stanford University,
San Jose, Lick Observatory, Santa Cruz, Monterey, The Pin-
nacles, Paso Robles, Santa Barbara, The San Joaquin Valley,
Yosemite National Park, Mariposa Grove, Sequoia National
Park, Kings River Canyon, Mt. Whitney, Death Valley, San
Bernadino County, Los Angeles, Pasadena, Riverside, Oranges,
Catalina Island, Capistrano, Mission of San Luis Rey, Mesa
Grande Indians, Imperial Valley 456

XLVIII. Nevada. Irrigation, Mines, Virginia City,
Tonopah, Goldfield, Bullfrog, Carson, Reno, Lake Tahoe, East
Peak 495

XLIX. Oregon. Astoria, Salmon Fisheries, Columbia River,
Willamette Valley, Portland, Salem, Multnomah Falls, Columbia
Cascades, Hood River Apples, Mt. Hood, The Dalles, Deschutes
Canyon, Pendleton Round-up, Hot Lake, Hunting and Fishing,
Josephine County Caves, Rogue River, Crater Lake . . . 501

L. Washington. Vancouver, Walla Walla, Whitman's Ride,
Spokane, The ''Apple Way," The Big Bend Wheat Region,
Yakima Valley, Puget Sound, Olympia, Seattle, Snoqualmie
Falls, Tacoma, Mt. Rainier, Forests, Lake Chelan, Mt. Baker,
Yachting, Olympic Mountains, Wilderness Game, Grays Harbor,
Whales, North Beach, Weather 519


In this compact, single volume, with its 500 illustrations,
each state in the Union has a chapter, and each of the cities
of New York and Washington has an additional chapter.
The book is concerned with the human interest of our coun-
try in nature, history, industry, literature, legend, and
biography. It is intended for travelers who visit the places
of interest in person, and also for those other travelers
whom chance or necessity keeps at home, but who travel
far and wide on the wings of fancy.

The information is much concentrated, but not to the
extent of sacrificing readableness. Under each state is
included such things as the first settlement, the capital,
the largest city, the highest point, and facts of general
interest concerning its past and present that add to the
traveler's zest in visiting it. My own wanderings have
taken me to every state in the Union, and have furnished
much of value in preparing the book, but I have gathered
additional material from many sources.

The photographs used for illustrations are in part those
I made on my travels, and in part those of others. Associ-
ations interested in stimulating vacation travel have helped
in supplying photographs ; so have railroad companies and
public libraries and individuals; but, most of all, I am in-
debted to the National Park Service and Forest Service and
other departments at Washington. I doubt if anything like
so large and charming and characteristic a collection of
American scenes has ever before been gotten together in a
single book.

Clifton Johnson.
Hadley, Mass.


Each op the other states will be found in a map that is in
OR near the chapter devoted to the state

In the Heart of the Maine Woods


Maine is called the "Pine Tree State," and, though the tall
pines that thrust up above the other trees of the woodlands
have mostly been cut, the region is one where great areas are
still covered with forest, to which hosts of people resort each
year to enjoy the wilderness. Maine is also called the
B 1

2 What to See in America

"State with 100 Harbors," a reference to its picturesque
coast broken by man}^ inlets and bordered by numerous is-
lands. It is nearer Europe than any other section of our
country, and was early visited by explorers and fishermen
from across the Atlantic.

The first attempt to found a settlement was made in
1607, when, toward the end of August, the "Popham Colony"
established itself on the peninsula west of the Kennebec,
where that river joins the sea. By the time winter set in
with its sleet and snow the colonists had finished a fort, a
storehouse, and a number of dwellings. But the storehouse
burned with all their provisions, and they were obliged to
live on fish and such game as they could shoot, and on dog
meat. Their cabins could not keep out the searching winds
and biting frost. Many were sick, and their leader, George
Popham, died. In the spring a ship came with supplies,
but the settlers declared there was no use of Englishmen's
trying to live in such a cold country, and they all either
returned to England, or went in a little vessel they had built
to Jamestown, Virginia.

Capt. John Smith, who came across the ocean with two
ships in 1614, and sailed along the coast from the Penob-
scot River to Cape Cod, gave New England its name. He
did some exploring inland, hoping to discover gold and
copper mines. No mines were found, but he was able
to sail for England presently with a valuable cargo of fish
and furs.

Maine's first permanent settlement was made in 1624 by
emigrants from Plymouth Colony at what is now York,
but which they gave the local Indian name of Agamen-
ticus. This was in the tract of country of which Sir Ferdi-
nando Gorges was made proprietary lord a few years later.
His territory was bounded on the east by the Kennebec
and on the west by the Piscataqua, and extended as far


Indian Island at Oldtown

north as Lake Umbagog. It was named Maine in honor
of the EngUsh queen, who came from France, where her
estate was in the province of IVIayne. Gorges selected the
plantation of
Agamenticus for
his capital, and
made it a city,
namingit for him-
self, Gorgiana. It
comprised twenty-
one square miles,
had a mayor,
aldermen, and
councilmen ; and
there were police-
men, each of
whom carried a white rod. Yet Gorgiana never had as
many as three hundred inhabitants.

Maine developed peacefully for about fifty years, at the
end of which time it had five or six thousand inhabitants

distributed] in thirteen
thriving settlements.
Then came the Indian
wars, and for nearly a
century the settlers were
in constant terror of sav-
age invaders. The trou-
ble began on the 4th of
1676, when a
party of Indians, whose
leader was "Sinion, the Yankee-killer," invaded the home
of Anthony Brackett at Back Cove in what is now Portland.
They seized and bound the entire household, which con-
sisted of Mr. and Mrs. Brackett, their five children, and a

Photo by Harold Baynes Auff USt

What to See in America

© Kalkoff Co. N. Y.

Block House at Fort Kent

negro man-servant.
Afterward they
went to neighbor-
ing homes, killed or
captured thirty-four
persons, and set the
buildings on fire.
The Brackett fam-
ily continued in
captivity until No-
vember, at which
time their captors
came in their wanderings to the north side of Casco Bay.
Mrs. Brackett found an old birch canoe on the beach. She
repaired it, and the family and the negro man secretly got
into it and paddled across the bay to Black Point. A ves-
sel bound for the Piscataqua chanced to be there, and on
that they made good their escape.

Of all the combats in Maine between the whites and In-
dians the best known was " Lovewell's Fight." In the spring
of 1725 Captain Lovewell and forty-six volunteers started
from Dunstable, Massachusetts, to hunt Indians about the
headwaters of the Saco. They did this partly because the In-
dians were a menace to the settlements, and partly to secure
the liberal bounty which had been promised for every Indian
scalp. On the night of Friday, May 7th, they encamped
beside what is now known as Lovewell's Pond in Fryeburg,
Maine, only two miles from Pigwacket, the principal village
of the Indians of that region. Early the next morning they
killed an Indian, and not long afterward were attacked by
three times their number, led by Paugus, chief of the tribe.
The fight continued until dusk, when the Indians withdrew.
About midnight the moon rose, and the English began a
retreat. Only nine were uninjured. Some of them died on

Maine 5

the way to the settlements, and those who finally reached
home arrived half starved.

Nearly all of northern Maine is woodland, and in this
woodland both Connecticut and Rhode Island might be
placed and lost to the world and to each other. From the
summit of Mt. Katahdin, the state's loftiest height, which
rises 5200 feet above the level of the sea, only trees are in
sight as far as the eye can reach. The most numerous of
the valuable forest trees now are spruce. An immense
amount of timber comes from the Maine wilderness every
year. Spruce is very largely used for paper as well as for
lumber. The first wood pulp mill began operations in
1870. The popular nickname of the people of the state is
''Foxes," because of the abundance of these creatures, and
because so manv of the inhabitants live or work in the woods.

Mt. Katahdin from the We^t Branch of the Penobscot

Of all the forest trees none was put to more uses by the
Indians and pioneer settlers than the paper birch. The

6 What to See in America

woodsman with his ax could obtain from it tent, canoe, cups,
plates, tablecloths, paper to write on, torches, and kindlings
and other fuel. A piece of bark two feet square could be
made into a vessel for catching maple sap by folding it
into a straight-sided pan, and bending the corners around
and fastening them in place with wooden pins.

There are man}" mills along the little streams that come
from the wooded uplands in various parts of the state.
These mills convert both hard and soft wood into such
articles as furniture, sleds, tool handles, toys, clothespins,
and toothpicks. Much fine white birch wood grows in some
sections, and thousands of cords of it are used yearly for

The Maine woods suffer seriously during the dry summer
weather from fires. There may be many fires burning at
the same time, and the air will be haz}^ with smoke over
great stretches of country.

Maine contains more than 1800 lakes and ponds. All
these, together with the rivers, have a surface amounting to
fully one tenth of the land area of the state. The largest
lake is Moosehead, fort}" miles long and four to twelve
broad. From its borders Mt. Kineo rises 800 feet above
the lake level. The mountain faces the water in so perpen-
dicular a precipice that a person could jump into the lake
from its top. This is the largest mass of hornstone known
in the world, and the New England Indians got from it
much of the flint they used for their arrow-heads.

The solitudes around Moosehead are frequented by big
game, and there is an abundance of fish and water-fowl.
Only a few faint trails wind through the forest, and the
rivers and lakes are the chief thoroughfares. Even the
Indians are not altogether lacking, for some members of the
once powerful Penobscot tribe may still be encountered in
the woods hunting and fishing, or acting as guides. The four


The Southern Cross on the Maine Coast

hundred persons

who constitute

this tribe have


dwellings on the

outskirts of the

wilderness at

Oldtown, where

they occupy an

island in the


The levels of

many of the

wilderness lakes vary only a few feet, and boatmen, by short

portages, or by none at all, pass easily from one to another.

Hunters, fishermen, and other pleasure-seekers often make

long trips on the streams and lakes for days and weeks at

a time. A guide and two persons can travel comfortably

in a canoe and carry a tent, food, and the necessary camp

utensils. In the fall
shooting season thou-
sands of sportsmen
come to the wild
lands from the cities
near and far.

Scarcely less well
known than ]\Ioose-
head Lake are the
Rangeley Lakes,

nestling among forested hills in the northwest corner of the

state. They are called a fisherman's paradise. There are

five of them, all connected by navigable waterways, and

small steamers ply on them and call at the various camps.
The entire Maine coast from Portland to New Brunswick

MoosEHEAD Lake and Squaw Mountain


What to See in America

is a labyrinth of headlands, bays, and isles. In the opposite
direction it is indented comparatively little, and here are
the sandy beaches of Old Orchard, York, and other well-
known summer resorts. Maine's shore fisheries are im-
portant, and more than seventy factories are engaged in
canning lobsters, clams, and small herring. Lobsters are
caught in cage-like traps called lobster pots. Men and boys
dig the clams on the mud flats at low tide. In Europe vari-
ous little fishes have long been canned as sardines, and since
1875 this industry has developed on the coast of Miaine.
The herring used for the purpose are caught in weirs.

Small steamers thread

the channels among the

Online LibraryClifton JohnsonWhat to see in America → online text (page 1 of 30)