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Colleoe Entrance Examination Boarb



EXAMINATION QUESTIONS



OLOGY
_ RAWING



IN

BOTANY

GEOGRAPHY

ZOOLOGY



CHEMISTRY
PHYSICS



FOURTH SERIES



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College Entranee Eiamination Boatb



EXAMINATION QUESTIONS



BIOLOGY
DRAWING



IN

BOTANY

GEOGRAPHY

ZOOLOGY



CHEMISTRY
PHYSICS



FGURTH SERIES



I916-I920



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yELES
UBKARY

GINN AND COMPANY

BOSTON • NEW YORK • CHICAGO • LONDON'
ATLANTA • DALLAS • COLUMBUS • SAN FRANCLSCO



105350



Copyright, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920

BY THE

College Entrance Examination Board



ALL RIGHTS RESERVED



Clie fltl)tn»um gre«<

CINN AND COMPANY • PRO-
PRIUTOKS • HOSroN • U.S.A.



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PREFACE

While the annual volume of examination questions published by the
College Entrance Examination Board has met the needs of many candi-
dates for examination and their teachers, the Board is constantly in receipt
of communications asking for the questions set in certain subjects in suc-
cessive years. In order to meet this demand the Board has prepared pam-
phlets containing the questions in certain subjects from 191 6 to 1920
inclusive. These pamphlets are as follows :

1. Examination questions in Latin and Greek, 19 16-1920.

2. Examination questions in English and other modern languages,

1916-1920.

3. Examination questions in mathematics, 191 6-1920.

4. Examination questions in history, 1916-1920.

5. Examination questions in the natural sciences and in drawing,

1916-1920.

Quite apart from meeting the needs of candidates for examination
and their teachers, these publications ought to have a beneficial influence
upon teaching for the reason that they illustrate in concrete form principles
agreed upon by many leading teachers of the subjects represented.



CONTENTS



PAGE



Biology 7

Botany . . 15

Chemistry 25

Comprehensive 37

Drawing — Freehand 63

Drawing — Mechanical 79

Geography 95

Physics 105

Comprehensive 117

Zoology 1 45



BIOLOGY



1916
BIOLOGY

Friday 9:00 a.m. Two hours

A teacher's certificate covering the laboratory instruction must be presented as part
of the examination.

Answer two questions from each group and four additional questions which may be
selected from any group. Up

Group I

1. Describe a cell indicating —

(a) the parts which are common to both plant and animal cells;

(b) the parts peculiar to certain animal cells;

(c) the parts pecuhar to certain plant cells.

2. Explain in detail the structure of some seed.

3. Select a protozoan, a clam, a grasshopper, a frog, or a cat, and describe the

organs by which it performs the following functions:

(a) ingestion;

(b) locomotion;

(c) respiration;

(d) sensation.

4. Describe the structure of the root of a plant and explain the various functions

which it may perform.

5. Compare the organs of locomotion in —

(a) ameba;

(b) fish;

(c) frog;

(d) cat;

(e) bird. 9



Page 1

1919

BOTANY

Friday, June 20 2 p.m. Two hours

Answer three questions of each group and one additional question which may be
selected from any group. Candidates are advised to apportion the time wisely among
the ten questions. Nimiber each answer to correspond with the question selected.

Group I

1. State in regard to protoplasm: (a) its appearance, (b) its chemical composi-

tion, (c) its activities, (d) where it occurs. Make a fully labeled diagram
of a typical cell.

2. Describe five different t>'pes of leaves and show how each is fitted for its

special environment or function.

3. What is a fruit ? Name definite examples of the following kinds of fruit :

(a) a unipistillary, dry, dehiscent fruit; (b) a unipistillary, fleshy fruit;
(c) a fruit formed from several pistils of one flower; (d) a fruit composed
of several carpels; (e) a fruit formed from the pistils of several flowers.

4. As an example of your best scientific drawing and labeling illustrate one

of the following: (a) two types of flowers which have special adaptations
for insect pollination; (b) a fern sporophyll and an enlarged sporangium
containing spores; (c) archegonium of a moss plant as seen in longitudinal
section; (d) cross-section of a typical leaf.

5. State where the following structures occur and give their function: (a) lenti-

cels, (b) stipules, (c) basidiospores, (d) asci, (e) endosperm.

Group II

6. State fully how you proved by experiments that more than one factor is

involved in photosynthesis.

7. State how you would demonstrate experimentally: (a) the presence of oxygen

as essential to growth; (b) the presence of starch; (c) the presence of
mineral matter; (d) the transfer of water through ducts; (e) the presence
of diastase in malt.

8. (a) Define osmosis, (b) How would you demonstrate it experimentaUy ?

(c) How are the conditions for osmosis fulfilled in the root hair ? (d) Where
else in plants does osmosis occur ? (e) What is plasmolysis ?

9. State briefly the life-history of two of the following plants: (a) White-pine

blight, (b) a fern, (c) Fucus, (d) a beet plant, (e) a typical mold.

10. Name the most distinctive features which would enable you to identify the
following: (a) a lichen, (b) a pine, (c) a liverwort, (d) a member of the
mint family, (e) a horsetail, (/) a monocotyledonous plant, (fi) an oak,
(h) a cactus, (i) a member of the pulse family, (j) the sporophyte of a moss
plant.

(THIS EXAMINATION IS CONTINUED ON PAGE 2)



Page 2

Group III

11. Name five important crops of your state. Tell what has been done to im-

prove each crop.

12. (a) What chemical compounds are found in a good commercial fertilizer for

general garden or farm use? (b) Explain the role of bacteria in soils.

(c) What weeds indicate the need of liming the soil ? (d) Why is rotation
of crops advisable ? (e) When should fruit trees be pruned and why at
the time specified ?

13. (a) Name two industries which make use of plant enzymes, (b) Name

two plants which furnish edible leaves, (c) Name two medicinal seeds.

(d) Name two plants which furnish rope fibers, (e) Name two plants
which have useful latex.

14. (a) Name four valuable forest trees, stating what constitutes their special

value. (6) Name four trees used for street planting, giving their good and


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Online LibraryCollege Entrance Examination BoardExamination questions in biology, botany, chemistry, drawing, geography, physics, zoölogy → online text (page 1 of 10)