College of Pharmacy of the City of New York.

College of pharmacy of the City of New York (Volume 1924/25-1930/31) online

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The demand for graduates of this College to fill responsible positions as clerks
and managers of pharmacies is steadily increasing, and more rapidly than our
ability to supply graduates, In spite of the present very large attendance. Coin-
cident with this increasing demand, there has been a steady rise in the rates of
compensation.

Still more noteworthy, is the increasing call for graduates of advanced courses,
to fill other professional positions.

The general application of federal, state and municipal food and drug laws is
creating a demand for thoroughly trained pharmaceutical inspectors and analysts.
The obligations thus imposed upon manufacturers and merchants must result,
and are doing so, in compelling them to employ scientifically trained assistants
for responsible services which have heretofore, in very many cases, been left to
incompetent and irresponsible employees. For this field of service the ordinary
graduate in pharmacy is wholly unqualified.

Another class of demands that are frequently encountered is for instructors,
professors and heads of departments in pharmacy schools. The teaching staffs
in the schools of pharmacy of the United States now include nearly one thousand
members. However well qualified these instructors may be as to knowledge of
the subjects that they are engaged in teaching, few of them have received the
special training in the theory and art of teaching which is considered essential



14 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

for teachers in other schools. Special provision for this work, as an elective, is
called for in the complete pharmaceutical curriculum.

To meet these higher requirements, three and four year courses of study, leading
respectively to the degrees of Pharmaceutical Chemist (Ph.Ch.) and Bachelor of
Science in Pharmacy (B.S. in Phar.), have been established.

It is particularly worthy of note that the Education Department of the State
of New York has adopted these conditions as a State requirement.

THE COLLEGE BUILDING

The location of the College is at one of the most readily accessible points in
the City. Within two blocks are stations of the elevated and underground rail-
roads, and the Broadway, Columbus and Amsterdam Avenue lines connect with
nearly all surface lines in the City. The completion of the various tunnels under
the Hudson, East and Harlem rivers has greatly facilitated and expedited subur-
ban transportation. Central Park is within two blocks of the College, and the
American Museum of Natural History and the Medical Department of the Uni-
versity are each about a half-mile away. The central buildings of the University
are reached within fifteen minutes from the door of the College.

The College Building was erected after a study of the principal buildings of
the kind in this country and abroad. Experience has failed to show any material
feature in which it could have been better adapted to the purpose of pharmaceu-
tical instruction, either theoretical or practical, but so great has been the increase
in the applications for admission that it has been found necessary to provide
greater accommodations in the form of an additional connecting building.

In its planning, two principal objects have been kept in view; first, provision
for a large increase in the membership of the first and second-year classes; second,
greatly increased and improved facilities for the work of the higher classes.
In connection with the latter, extensive provision has been made for research
work, by both faculty and special students. Our Library has also been greatly
improved, the entire lower floor of the new building having been reserved for
its accommodation.

THE LIBRAEY

The Library is in charge, during College hours, of a trained librarian, who is
ready to offer any assistance desired by readers. It contains the important
works of reference required in the different departments of instruction, and for
the various branches of science taught in the College of Pharmacy. It covers,
indeed, a very broad field in all departments of chemistry, botany, and pharmacy.
Should the resources of the College be insufficient for some special purpose, the
student has recourse to such great library storehouses as the General Library of
Columbia University, on Morningside Heights, the Library of the College of
Physicians and Surgeons, School of Dental and Oral Surgery, the New York
Academy of Medicine, the New York Botanical Garden, and others, and he will
also be able, by special arrangement, to borrow from the great Library of the
Surgeon-General's office at Washington.

The Library contains an extensive series of periodicals on chemistry, pharmacy,
and botany, with their allied branches. All important journals relating to the
work of the College are regularly received.



COLLEGE OF PHARMACY 15

During regular College hours the Library is accessible not only to officers and
students of the College, but also to the pharmacists of the city. Under certain
regulations, books may be borrowed for outside use, but for obvious reasons
important works of reference and unbound periodicals are not loaned. Library
copies of the text-books in use by the College may not be removed from the
library.

INFORMATION BUREAU

The Information Bureau conducted by the library staff is designed to furnish
pharmacists with data required in emergencies and not available in the library
of the average drug store. During the past years of operation the Bureau has
met with gratifying success, and it is steadily growing in popularity.

The following paragraphs explain the methods employed in conducting the
service.

1. Telephone inquiries will be answered cheerfully without charge. Residents
of Greater New York or vicinity wishing to inquire about some pharmaceutical
problem will call up the Information Bureau, Trafalgar 1733, and will receive
information immediately if it is accessible.

2. Non-residents will have their problems answered by mail if they enclose a
self-addressed stamped envelope. .

3. Problems requiring extended research will be handled for a fee as moderate
as consistent with high-grade service.

4. Translations of articles from foreign languages, either in full or in abstract,
as well as transcripts of papers appearing in English or American pharmaceutical,
chemical or botanical periodicals will be prepared for those desiring to pay for
such service.

5. As in the past, all visitors to the Library, desiring to do their own research
work, will be given courteous attention.

EMPLOYMENT FOR STUDENTS

The Registrar, so far as possible, assists students to secure such positions, in
and about the city, as will not prevent them from regularly attending the College
exercises.

The general plan adopted may be briefly stated as follows: Each pharmacist
engages both a first and second year student, who shall work alternately three
days during the week and half a day on Sunday. This allows the students half
their time for College work and necessary rest. The College lectures are arranged
so as to harmonize with this plan.

Any student wishing to secure employment should upon entering College
communicate with the Registrar.

Within easy reach of the College are some three thousand pharmacies, where
students who have had some experience in pharmacy may obtain employment
with salary sufficient to pay the whole or a large part of their expenses while
attending College. During recent years the demand for graduates of this College
as clerks has been far greater than the available supply.



i6 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

COURSES OFFERED

Two Regular Courses of study are offered, known respectively as the Col-
lege Course and the University Course, and three Evening Courses in the De-
partments of Materia Medica, Pharmacy and Chemistry. A Summer Preparatory
Course is provided, designed to enable students so desiring to better prepare
themselves for the fall supplementary^ examinations. A number of special courses
have also been established, partly for the benefit of those regular students who
desire, for any reason, to specialize in certain lines of work, and partly to provide
instruction in individual departments for those who do not desire to take the
full course. Certificates, but not diplomas, are awarded to the last-mentioned
special students.

In response to inquiries frequently received as to the advantages of the Uni-
versity Course over the College Course, the following synopsis has been pre-
pared:

1. Members of the University class only are recognized as students of the Uni-
versity, and certain of the University privileges are open only to them.

2. The University Class receives instruction during three, instead of two,
years, and the amount of instruction per year is considerablj* greater.

3. The degree of Graduate in Pharmacy, earned by a two year course, is now
scarcely recognized outside of the State of New York, where it will be substituted
by a three j'ear course beginning with the year 1927.

In the meantime, graduates of the University course only will be recognized
as having met the 3 year requirement of certain states.

4. For the University Class, the College provides a thorough course of labora-
tory instruction in advanced Chemistry, Pharmacy and Phj^sics and special
courses in Microscopy and Bacteriology, consisting of both theoretical and
laboratory instruction.

5. The University course extends throughout the academic year, with special
instruction after the close of the College Course.

6. Not only is the degree of Pharmaceutical Chemist recognized as of higher
rank than that of Graduate in Pharmacy, but the three-year course for which
it is awarded qualifies its recipients for many lines of pharmaceutical work that
are not open to graduates from the two-year College Course.

7. The degrees of Pharmaceutical Chemist and Bachelor of Science in Phar-
macy are conferred by the University, that of Graduate in Pharmacy by the
College.

It may be said in conclusion that the present tendency is strongly toward a
higher educational grade than that represented by the Graduate degree, and the
degree of Graduate in Pharmacy is ceasing to represent a satisfactory professional
preparation.

Through a faculty consisting of twenty-nine active professors and instructors,
students in all classes derive the benefit not only of the most advanced methods,
but of instruction in small groups or class sections, thus allowing the largest
amount of individual attention.



COLLEGE OF PHARMACY 17

IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENTS

1. Beginning with the first of January, 1927, no student may matriculate in
a pharmacy school in the State of New York, for a course of less than three years,
leading to the degree of Graduate in Pharmacy.

2. It has been decided that no practical experience in drugstore or pharmacy
will be required previous to such matriculation, although the requirements of
the Board of Pharmacy as to such practical experience previous to the Board
examinations, will continue unchanged.

3. In the interim, before the graduation of students from the three-year course,
in 1930, our three-year University Course leading to the degree of Pharmaceutical
Chemist will continue to exceed the conditions of the required three-year course
for the Ph.G. degree.

4. Students matriculating for the Ph.C. course no longer receive their Ph.G.
degree at the end of the second year, since the higher degree of Ph.C. is assumed
to cover all the credits, rights and privileges of the lower course. Transfers from
one course to the other cannot be made after the beginning of the work, except
by special arrangement in each case.

5. The following important changes have been made in the subject matter of
the University Course.

A. The work in Bacteriology has been increased from 45 to 90 hours, a part
of the work in the histology of drugs having been transferred to the fourth year,
to render this change possible.

B. A course of 90 hours in cryptogamic botany has been included in the course
of the third year, in place of the course in vegetable taxonomy, which has been
transferred to the fourth year.

6. With the inauguration of the three-year College Course, as above announced,
the restricted accommodations for University students will probably necessitate
a great reduction in the size of that class. Under these conditions, it is probable
that more exacting requirements for admission will be established, and that the
work of the course will be considerably extended.

7. With the coming session, although there can be no increase in student-
attendance, four new instructors will be added to the Faculty, the special object
being to provide for more individual attention during laboratory hours.

8. No student will be admitted more than two weeks after the date of opening
of the session.

9. Beginning with the summer of 1926, no summer quiz courses will be given
in any department, unless at least five students shall apply for membership in
such class.

ID. All applicants for admission to any of the courses given must present
an acceptable certificate of health from the candidate's family physician or from
the University Medical Officer. In case of doubt an examination by the Univer-
sity Medical Officer will be required. The proper blanks will be furnished on ap-
plication to the Registrar of the college,

II. All matriculants for this session must pay at least one-third of the tuition
fee for the year, on or before the 8th day of September, 1926, failing which their



i8 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

places will be filled by others, and no part of this sum will be refunded subse-
quently in case of the discontinuance of their course.

12. Any student who has failed in a laboratory course must make up this de-
ficiency during the summer session, and cannot be allowed laboratory space
during the regular session of 1926-1927, except on payment of the full tuition
fee for the year. To this rule there may be certain exceptions, in case the lab-
oratory work cannot be done during the summer.

13. Students intending to compete for the Plaut Fellowship should carefully
read the conditions stated on page 28 of this Announcemetit, and take early steps
to qualify for such competition.

14. According to the present valuation of high school work by the New York
State Education Department, that of each year is rated as 18 counts, instead
of 15 as formerly. The equivalent of high school graduation, when secured other-
wise than by such graduation, is therefore understood as being 72 Regents counts.

15. It is to be noted that Regent's examinations for the Pharmacy student
qualifying certificate will be discontinued after the year 1927 (See page 19).

16. A new college journal. The Messenger has been established, and appears
regularly as a monthly publication.

ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS

COLLEGE COURSE

This is a course of two years (three years, beginning in 1927) each of thirty-two
weeks, leading to the degree of Graduate in Pharmacy, conferred by the College,
and qualifying the graduate to meet examinations for the position of Licensed
Pharmacist in New York State and in several other States.

The admission of students to this course is conditional upon the limitations
of available space. For several years past, the College has not been able to
accommodate nearly all who have applied for admission. Although an increase
of fifty per cent in our accommodations has been made, we still find ourselves
compelled to turn away applicants. For the session of 1926-1927, we shall have
accommodations for only 300 new candidates for the degree of Ph.G. All properly
qualified applicants will be admitted in the order of their application, until only
fifty vacancies remain. Thereafter, we shall select only the best qualified of those
applying, to fill such vacancies.

For admission to this course, the student must be at least seventeen years of
age, and must present a Qualifying Certificate for a Pharmacy Student, issued
to him by the N. Y. State Education Department. This certificate, or the
statement of the State Education Department that the student is entitled to
it, must be filed on or before November 15. Those who have successfully pur-
sued four years' study at a high school or other school of corresponding grade,
recognized by the State Education Department, can secure the certificate by
sending their credentials to the Examination Division, Education Department,
Albany, N. Y., on a form provided for that purpose, together with a fee of one
dollar. Those unable to present such credentials are required to pass examina-
tions held by the Department ("Regents' Examinations") in any of the subjects



COLLEGE OF PHARMACY



19



named in the following table which may be selected by the candidate, or in any
other subjects in which examinations are given, the subjects so selected to give
a total credit of at least seventy-two counts, as there indicated. These examina-
tions are held in January, June and September, in Albany, New York, Buffalo,
and Syracuse. All subjects taken in Regents' examinations to count toward the
certificate must be passed at not less than 75 per cent.

Students entering on credentials from foreign countries where the language
is other than English must pass an examination in English for foreigners before
being matriculated.

It is important to note that these professional academic Regents examinations
will be discontinued on January 1st, 1928. After that date it will be possible to
earn credit toward a Pharmacy students certificate only by attendance at an
approved day or evening high school.

Students who have attended private institutions should not fail to ascertain
whether such institutions are approved by the Education Department. If not,
their credentials will not be accepted, and they will be required to take the
regular examinations of the Department. For information as to these examina-
tions, the necessary fees, etc., consult the State Education Department, Albany,
N. Y.

SUBJECTS OFFERED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Ancient and Modern Languages



12 Three-year English
4 Fourth-year English
ID Second-year Latin
10 Second-year Greek



5 Elementary algebra
3 Advanced algebra
5 Plane geometry



5 Physics
5 Chemistry



5 Modern history I
5 Modern history II
5 American history

5 Bookkeeping I
5 Bookkeeping II



2 Elementary representation
2 Intermediate drawing



10 Second-year German
10 Second-year French
10 Second-year Spanish
10 Second-year Italian

Mathematics

2 Inter, algebra
2 Solid geometry
2 Plane trigonometry

Science

5 Biology

5 Physical geography

History and Social Science

2^2, Economics
2^ Civics



Commercial Subjects

5 Commercial arithmetic
10 Shorthand

Drawing

2 Elem. mechanical drawing



20 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

THE UNIVERSITY COURSES

These are courses of full academic years (September to June) leading to grad-
uation with the other departments of the University, and to the degree of Phar-
maceutical Chemist, conferred by the University, at the end of the third year,
and to that of Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at the end of the fourth.

Pharmaceutical Chemist Course

For admission to this course, a student must be seventeen years of age, must
have graduated from a high school within or outside of the State of New York
that is accredited by the Education Department of this State, and must present
a pharmacy student qualifying certificate from the Education Department of
this State, based on ^2 academic counts, equal to 15 Columbia units.

PRESCRIBED SUBJECTS

English / ^ (grammar and composition) i^ units

I 2 (literature) i^ units

Mathematics ('^Vf^"''^*°'l''^'^'^''"^ ' ''''•'

L c (plane geometry) i unit

one unit from the following :

Physics I unit

Chemistry i unit

Biology I unit

Mathematics aii (algebra through quadratics and beyond) i unit

elective subjects 9 units

Elementary French 2 units

Elementary German 2 units

Elementary Greek 2 units

Elementary History i, 2, 3 or 4 units

Elementary Italian 2 units

Elementary Latin 2, 3, or 4 units

Physics I unit

Elementary Spanish 2 units

Intermediate French i unit

Intermediate German . . i unit

Intermediate Spanish i unit

Intermediate Italian i i unit

Advanced French i unit

Advanced German 1 unit

Advanced Spanish i unit

Advanced Greek i unit

Advanced Arithmetic i unit

Advanced Latin i unit

Advanced Mathematics %, 1 ox i}4 units

Biology I unit

Botany 1 unit

Chemistry i unit

Drawing i unit

Harmony i unit



COLLEGE OF PHARMACY 21

Musical Appreciation i unit

Physiography i unit

Shopwork i unit

Zoology I unit

Second Year Hebrew 2 units

Elementary Bookkeeping 1 unit

Advanced Bookkeeping i unit

Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy Course

The requirements for admission to this course differ from those of the Pharma-
ceutical Chemist Course in the following particulars:

Course aii, quadratics and beyond, is prescribed, in addition to those above
stated.

The candidate must be a graduate of an accredited high school of the State of
New York, where the subjects outlined have been covered. Those not so qualify-
ing must secure fifteen units at the entrance examinations conducted by Columbia
University or the College Entrance Board. Graduates of high schools outside
of the State of New York, may substitute for that examination, the June psycho-
logical tests of Columbia University, for the conditions of which the Director of
Admissions of the University should be consulted.

Members of this class who are competing for the Plaut Fellowship must, before
graduating, secure credit for one year of College work in a foreign language.

METHOD OF INSTRUCTION

The instruction of each class during the first and second year College Courses
occupies three days of the week, the alternate days being free for practical ex-
perience in the pharmacy. This arrangement provides a source of income, which
is a necessity for many of the students of the College.

For the purpose of more fully elucidating the subjects presented in the lectures
and laboratories and of familiarizing the students therewith, and as a test of at-
tention and progress, provision is made for a complete series of recitations or
quizzes by a corps of qualified instructors. The order of topics and the manner
of their treatment at these recitations follow closely the courses of instruction
given by the professors in the respective departments. In order that all the mem-
bers of the class may be drilled as often and as thouroughly as possible, the classes
are divided into sections, the instruction of each section being identical, but
conducted at different hours.

In several departments each student receives daily, before the beginning of the
work, a mimeographed copy of the exercises.

GRADUATE IN PHARMACY — COLLEGE COURSE

This course, of two years, is designed to fit the graduate for meeting the require-
ments of the Board of Pharmacy of the State of New York, this being one of the
few boards in the United States that will continue, until the year 1929, to ex-
amine candidates who have completed a course of two years.



COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY



MM 1S-16-17-18
MM 13-14
MM 19-20
Chm. 1-2
Chm. 3-4
Chm. 5-6
Phr. 7-8
Phr. 9-10
Phr. 11-12



MM 59
MM 60
MM61-62
Chm. Si-52
Chm. 53-54
Phr. 55-56
Phr. 57-58
Phr. 63-64



First Year



Botany

Physiology and Hygiene
Posology
General Physics
Inorganic Chemistry
Analytical Chemistry
Theory of Pharmacy
Practical Pharmacy
Dispensing Pharmacy

Second Year



Materia Medica
Toxicology
Pharmacognosy
Organic Chemistry
Analj'tical Chemistry
Practical Pharmacy
Dispensing Pharmacy
Commercial Pharmacy and Phar-
maceutical Jurisprudence



Class


Laboratory Points


Hours


Hours




2K


3


8


2





4


K





2


2





4


3K





7


K


3


3H


4





8





2


2





I


I


Class


Laboratory Points


Hours


Hours




3





6


I





2





3


3


4





8





3


3


3


2


8


I


I


3



IK



4H



PHAllMACEUTICAL CHEMIST — UNIVERSITY COURSE

This course, of three years, conforms to all the requirements of the American
Conference of Pharmaceutical Faculties, as to conditions of admission and gradua-
tion, but comprises more hours of instruction, and includes additional subject
matter, than pertain to that course. Under the statutes of New York, it is, until
1927, the only three year pharmacy course that can be given, and the degree of
Pharmaceutical Chemist is the only one that can be awarded for it. In the mean-
time, the course is more comprehensive than that for the degree of Ph.G. and the



Online LibraryCollege of Pharmacy of the City of New YorkCollege of pharmacy of the City of New York (Volume 1924/25-1930/31) → online text (page 19 of 61)