College of Pharmacy of the City of New York.

College of pharmacy of the City of New York (Volume 1924/25-1930/31) online

. (page 3 of 61)
Online LibraryCollege of Pharmacy of the City of New YorkCollege of pharmacy of the City of New York (Volume 1924/25-1930/31) → online text (page 3 of 61)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


copies of the text-books in use by the College may not be removed from the
library.

INFORMATION BUREAU

The Information Bureau conducted by the library staff is designed to furnish
pharmacists with data required in emergencies and not available in the library
of the average drug store. During the past years of operation the Bureau has
met with gratifying success, and it is steadily growing in popularity.

The following paragraphs explain the methods employed in conducting the
service.

1. Telephone inquiries will be answered cheerfully without charge. Residents
of Greater New York or vicinity wishing to inquire about some pharmaceutical
problem will call up the Information Bureau, Columbus 0117, and will receive
information immediately if it is accessible.

2. Non-residents will have their problems answered by mail if they enclose a
self-addressed stamped envelope.

3. Problems requiring extended research will be handled for a fee as moderate
as consistent with high-grade service.

4. Translations of articles from foreign languages, either in full or in abstract,
as well as transcripts of papers appearing in English or American pharmaceutical,
chemical or botanical periodicals will be prepared for those desiring to pay for
such service.

5. As in the past, all visitors to the Library, desiring to do their own research
work, will be given courteous attention.



EMPLOYMENT FOR STUDENTS

The Registrar, so far as possible, assists students to secure such positions, in
and about the city, as will not prevent them from regularly attending the College
exercises.

The general plan adopted may be briefly stated as follows: Each pharmacist
engages both a first and second year student, who shall work alternately three
days during the week and half a day on Sunday. This allows the students half
their time for College work and necessary rest. The College lectures are arranged
so as to harmonize with this plan.

Any student wishing to secure employment should upon entering College
communicate with the Registrar.

Within easy reach of the College are some three thousand pharmacies, where
students who have had some experience in pharmacy may obtain employment
with salary sufficient to pay the whole or a large part of their expenses while
attending College. During recent years the demand for graduates of this College
as clerks has been far greater than the available supply.



COLLEGE OF PHARMACY 25

PRIZES AND SCHOLARSHIPS

The College reserves the right to withhold the award of any scholarship or
prize, if, in its opinion, no candidate has exhibited qualifications justifying the
award.

In case of transfer of a student from the College to the University class, or the
reverse, special arrangements regarding competition for prizes and scholarships
must be made with the Dean.

The Honor Roll

The Honor Roll of each class bears the names of the twenty students standing
highest, provided however, that an average of not less than 85% has been attained.
The diplomas of such students will bear a special gold seal of the College, bearing
the inscription "With Honor."

Trustees' Prizes

The Board of Trustees offers annually, to be presented at Commencement,
three prizes of $100 each, for competition at a special examination, by members
of the graduating class who have obtained a position on the roll of honor at the
regular examination for graduation. The prizes are awarded respectively for
the best practical examinations in Chemistry, Pharmacy and Materia Medica.
A certificate, stating the honor for which the prize was awarded, will also be
given to each of the recipients of these prizes.

The Alurani Association Prizes

The Alumni Association of the College of Pharmacy offers three prizes to be
presented at Commencement to the three students having the highest standing
at graduation in the branches taught during the second year of the College course.
A gold medal will be given for the best general examination, a silver medal for
the second best examination, and a bronze medal for the third best examination.

Three prizes are awarded by the Alumni Association on "Alumni Day" to
those members of the first-year College and University Classes who stand highest
in laboratory work and who pass the best examinations in all branches of the
first College year. The first prize is a Torsion balance, the second prize a copy of
Arny's "Principles of Pharmacy," and the third prize a copy of Sadtler and
Coblentz' "Pharmaceutical Chemistry."

The Max J. Breitenbach Prize

A cash prize of $200, accompanied by a certificate, is presented annually for
the highest proficiency in the Junior (third year) University Class. This prize
is provided for in perpetuity from the interest of funds bequeathed to the College
by the late Max J. Breitenbach for many years a devoted trustee.

The Kappa Psi Prize

The Gamma Chapter of the Kappa Psi Fraternity presents annually a gold
medal to be awarded to that Pharmaceutical Chemist not receiving either the
Breitenbach prize or the Seabury Scholarship who attains the highest standing
throughout the three years of the course.



26 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

The Lillian Leiterman Prize

Miss Lillian Leiterman, of the Class of 191 1, ofTers a gold medal to that member
of the College class who has maintained the highest standing among the women
students throughout the entire College course.

The J. Leon Lascoff Prizes

Trustee J. Leon Lascoff offers annually to the fourth and fifth students on
the honor roll of the graduating class a year's membership in the American
Pharmaceutical Association and to the sixth and seventh students on the honor
roll a year's membership in any State Pharmaceutical Association.

Trustees' Scholarships

Two scholarships, entitling the winners to free tuition during the second year,
are granted by the College for each session. These scholarships are awarded to
the two members of the first-year College class who secure the highest averages
at the regular spring examinations.

The George J. Seabury Scholarship

This scholarship has been founded by Dr. Henry C. Lovis, in memory of his
uncle, Mr. George J. Seabury, for many years a member and patron of the College.
It provides for the tuition, during the Senior (fourth) year of the University
course, of that member of this class who has maintained the highest standing
during the three years, provided, however, that such student is eligible for the
degree of B.S. in Phar., and shall not receive both this scholarship and the Max
J. Breitenbach prize.

The Isaac Plant Fellowship

This Fellowship for the encouragement of graduate study and original research
was founded by Mr. Albert Plant, in memory of his father, Isaac Plaut.

Candidates for this Fellowship must have secured the degree of B.S. in Phar-
macy at this school, and must also possess credit for a year's study of a foreign
language, equivalent to that of the first year at Columbia College.

It provides for a year of study at a European school or university by that
Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy of this College who shall have shown during his
full course of study here the greatest taste and aptitude for original investigation.
Should no member of a class be deemed worthy of the award, it will be withheld.

The Fellow shall be appointed by the Council of the University upon the
nomination of the Trustees of the College of Pharmacy. He shall attend a
foreign institution to be selected by himself and approved by the Faculty of the
College of Pharmacy, and shall pursue a course of study approved by the Faculty.
At the close of his incumbency he shall present to the Faculty a written report
of his work, which, if satisfactory, shall be accepted as satisfying the require-
ments of the first of the two graduate years leading to the degree of Doctor of
Pharmacy.

The Fellowship payment shall be made in three equal instalments, one on
June 15, one on November i, and one on March i, provided that the Fellow
continues faithfully to pursue the work undertaken. In case of failure so to do,



COLLEGE OF PHARMACY 27

he shall forfeit all further privileges and emoluments conferred upon him by his
appointment to the Fellowship, and the Trustees of the College of Pharmacy
may declare the Fellowship vacant.

N.B. — Competition for the Kappa Psi Prize, the Seabury Scholarship and the
Plaut Fellowship is open only to those students who take their entire course at
this College.

The E. R. Squibb Prize

This Is an annual cash prize of $100., founded by Messrs. E. R. Squibb & Sons,
in memory of Dr. E. R. Squibb. It is awarded to that graduate in Pharmacy
who exhibits the greatest proficiency in Anal>i;ical Chemistry during his second
year, as determined by the laboratory records.

The Louis Dohme Prize

This is an annual cash prize of $100., founded by Messrs. Sharp & Dohme, in
memory of Mr. Louis Dohme. It is awarded to that graduate in Pharmacy who
exhibits the best practical knowledge of the drugs of the United States Pharma-
copceia and National Formulary, as determined by the laboratory records and
final examinations.

The Joseph Weinstein Prize

This prize consists of a compound microscope and is established by the New
York Retail Druggists' Association, in memory of Dr. Joseph Weinstein. It is
awarded to that graduate in Pharmacy who has exhibited the greatest proficiency
in Analytical Chemistry during the two years, as determined by the laboratory
records and the final examination, and who has not secured any other prize.

The Italian Pharmaceutical Association Prize

This Association offers annually a gold medal to the member of the graduating
class who has obtained the highest general average in practical laboratory- work
during the second year.

The Lehn and Fink Prize

This prize consists of a gold medal, offered by Messrs. Lehn and Fink, of New
York City, for the graduate attaining the highest standing at the examinations
in Pharmacy.

The Westchester County Pharmaceutical Association Prize

This Association offers annually a gold medal to that member of the graduating
class who has attained the highest general average In practical laboratory work,
during both j^ears, in the Department of Pharmacy.

The Olshansky Memorial Medal

This is a gold medal, founded by the students of this school in attendance upon
the session of 1923-1924, in memory of their beloved instructor, Jacob Caiman
Olshansky, whose death occurred during that academic year. This medal is to
be awarded annually to that student who has attained the highest average in his
class In the subject of Dispensing Pharmacy.



28 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

FIRST YEAR
PROGRAM OF STUDIES

Required for Ph.G. Degree
(Thirty-four points)

Chm. 1-2. Physics

(Four points)

Lectures, i hour Professor Schaefer

Recitations, i hour Professor Schaefer and Messrs. A. Taub, Flood,

Jayne and Maier
^ Text-books : Sadtler and Coblentz, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, fifth edition.

Chm. 3-4. General and Pharmaceutical Chemistry

(Eight points)

Lectures, 2 hours Professor Arny

Recitations, 2 hours. . . .Professor Schaefer and Messrs. A. Taub, Flood,

Jayne and Maier
Text-book: Sadtler and Coblentz, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, fifth edition;
U. S, Pharmacopoeia, ninth revision.

Chm. 5-6. Analytical Chemistry

(Three points)

Laboratory and Theoretical Course, 3 hours — Professors Hostmann, McAdams
AND Messrs. Macsata, Flood, Jayne and Maier
Text-book: Laboratory Manual of Analytical Chemistry, Hostmann and
McAdams.

Phr. 7-8 Theory of Pharmacy

(Eight points)

Lectures, 2K hours Professor Diekman

Recitations, ij^ hour Professor Brown and Messrs. Commons and

Cadman
Text-books: U. S. Pharynacopozia, ninth revision; National Formulary, fourth
edition.

Pharmaceutical Latin

(One-kalf point — Included in 7-8)

Exercises, J^ hour Professor Diekman

Text-books: Pharmaceutical Latin, H. C. Muldoon; Pharmaceutical Latin,
A. W. Sturmer.



'Text-books, the titles of which are printed in italics, are necessary; others are recommended
as useful adjuncts.



COLLEGE OF PHARMACY 29

Phr. 9-10. Practical Pharmacy

{Two points)

Laboratory Course, 2 hours Professors Diekman, Wimmer and

Brown

Text-book: Pharmacy Laboratory Notes, Diekman and Wimmer.

Phr. 11-12 Dispensing Pharmacy

{One point)

Laboratory Course, i hour Professors Diekman, Wimmer

AND Brown

Text-book: Dispensing Laboratory Notes, Diekman and Wimmer.

MM. 13-14. Physiology

{Four points)

Lectures, i hour Professor Rusby

Recitations, i hour. . . .Professors Hart and Bonisteel, Mr. H. Taub and

Mr. Barrett

Text-book: Bachman and Bliss, Essentials of Physiology; Howell's Physiology.

MM. 15-16. Botany

{Five points)

Lectures, i hour Professor Rusby

Recitations, i hour. . . .Professors Hart and Bonisteel, Mr. H. Taub and

Mr. Barrett
Laboratory Course, i hour. .Professors Hart and Bonisteel, Mr. H. Taub

and Mr. Barrett

Text-book : Rusby 's Manual of Botany.

MM 17-18. Vegetable Histology

{Four points)

Lectures, i hour Professor Ballard

Laboratory, i J^ hour Professors Ballard, Hart and Bonisteel,

Messrs. H. Taub and Barrett

Text-book: Elements of Vegetable Histology, Ballard.

MM. 19-20. Posology

{One point)
Recitations, }4 hour. .Professor Bonisteel, Messrs. H. Taub and Barrett.



30



COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY



Required for Ph. Ch. Degree
{Thirty-six points)

In addition to above, first year university class students are required to take
the following course.

Chm. 101. Physics

{Two points)

Laboratory-, 2 hours Professor Schaefer and Mr. A. Taub

COURSES OF INSTRUCTION
Physics

This course of lectures extends throughout the entire term and embraces the
general and special properties of matter, mechanics, acoustics, heat, light, magnet-
ism, and electricity. The course ser\'es as a foundation and systematic intro-
duction to the study of the chemical elements and their compounds, and to the
subjects of chemistry and pharmacy. Special attention is devoted to such sub-
divisions as have a more direct bearing upon medicine.

The lectures are abundantly illustrated with experiments, the College posses-
sing a fine set of physical apparatus of the latest construction.

Practical Physics (Freshman Year; University Class)

Students taking this work will be assigned to sections. In order to keep these
sections as small as possible, four such groups have been provided for. The
course consists of thirteen half-day periods scheduled as follows :

Group

P. I. 9-12.30 Mondays, Sept. 22-Dec. 15 incl.
P. 2. 9-12.30 Wednesdays, Sept. 24-Dec. 17 incl.
P. 3. 9-12.30 ^Mondays, Jan. 5-]Mar. 30 incl.
P. 4. 9-12.30 Wednesdays, Jan. 7- Apr. i incl.
This work consists of experiments in fundamental physical measurements
followed by special work in heat, light and electricity. The final exercises of the
course will be specialized to suit the future need of each indi^adual student,
whether as pharmacist, physician or food chemist. The laboratory' is equipped
not only with apparatus for routine exercises, but has the appliances necessary
for work in colorimetrj', spectroscopy, refraction, calorimetrj' and electro-
chemistry.

General and Experimental Pharmaceutical Chemistry

This course begins with a consideration of fundamental principles, and an out-
line of chemical theor>% embracing the subjects of atoms, molecules, nomencla-
ture, notation, etc., and continues with explanations of the laws of chemical
combination, and rules governing the formation and nomenclature of acids,
bases, and salts. Exercises in WTiting and calculating chemical equations are



COLLEGE OF PHARMACY 31

given, followed by problems in pharmaceutical chemistry. The non-metallic
elements are afterward taken up, with their various compounds, including the
inorganic acids. The metals are then taken up in detail, with the various salts
which are of importance in chemistry and pharmacy, together with the phar-
maceutical preparations into which they enter. In this connection the various
pharmacopoeial tests of identity and the subject of impurities and their detection
receive special attention. All typical methods for the preparation of inorganic
and organic salts are explained. Practical exercises in chemical equations are
given and the student is drilled in the calculations necessary in the preparation of
pharmaceutical chemicals. This portion of the course is treated from the stand-
point of the pharmaceutical chemist, and involves a consideration of all the official
and important pharmaceutical chemical preparation and compounds derived
therefrom.

Analytical Chemistry

The course in analytical chemistry consists of laboratory instruction and is
attended by the class in sections. Each student is provided with the necessary
equipment, and is required to perform all the operations involved in qualitative
chemical analysis. The uses of apparatus, the actions of reagents, and the proper
manner of bringing about chemical reactions are illustrated and explained. On
account of the fundamental importance to the true understanding of the subject
the simple laws governing chemical action in solution and the formation of
precipitates, the nature of solution, etc., are explained to the student. At first,
and under the guidance of the teacher, the characteristic reactions of the basic
components are studied in solution, or in the solid at a high temperature. The
phenomena observed are interpreted and discussed, and the conclusions recorded.
Later, the reactions are represented by equations. The value of grouping is
utilized and separations and identifications of group members are performed.
Finally, all facts acquired by direct observation are brought together in the
systematic procedure for analysis of mixtures. In this recapitulation, individual
effort is stimulated by independent work on samples of unlike composition.

Theory of Pharmacy

The object in view in this course is to teach the student to put into practice in
the laboratory the principles of pharmaceutical manipulation taught in the
lecture room. While the student's work is individual, it is carefully supervised
by professors and instructors, so that errors in conception and inaccuracies in
method can be promptly corrected.

In the laboratory course the students reach a point where each is competent to
prepare such pharmaceutical preparations as are in common use.

The Supplementary University Course consists wholly of laboratory work.

Dispensing Pharmacy

This course embraces the methods of compounding the various types of
prescriptions, from the simplest to those requiring much technical knowledge and
skill. It includes theoretical instruction and training in manual work. The



32 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

habit of neatness, and, above all, of accuracy, acquired by the student is of direct
and immediate advantage to him in rendering his services more valuable to his
employer.

Pharmaceutical Latin

This course is designed to present, in as brief a manner as is consistent with
thoroughness, those principles of Latin etymology and construction which are
essential to an intelligent understanding and use of the terminology of Pharmacy.

As the time which can be devoted to this work in the present curriculum of
schools of pharmacy is necessarily limited, only such parts of Latin grammar will
be taken up as are required for the correct use of nomenclature of the materia
medica, and prescription writing.

The nomenclature of the United States Pharmacopoeia and the National
Formulary will be especially considered, and if time permits, that of the principal
foreign Pharmacopoeias will be taken up. The subject of Latin abbreviations, as
used by the physician in prescription writing, will be specially treated.



Botany

The object of this course is to prepare the student for an understanding of
that part of Materia Medica which relates to vegetable drugs. In the limited
time allotted to this study, it is impossible to pursue it in all its departments, and
attention is concentrated upon such instruction as will fit the student for pro-
fessional work in pharmacy. The instruction embraces the morphology of the
higher plants, from which nearly all of our vegetable drugs are derived, the terms
used in official description, systems of classification, botanical nomenclature, and
the relations of the lower to the higher plants.

The lectures are illustrated by large colored charts, and each student is fur-
nished with cards bearing mounted specimens.

For the use of the instructor in the Quiz Room, the Alumni Association has
provided an elaborate series of papier-mache models arranged to illustrate struc-
ture and dissection.

Laboratory Course. — Pharmacognosy, while itself not a science, may be regarded
as the art of applying scientific knowledge to the examination of drugs. The
theoretical and practical training of the lecture and recitation room is designed
to fit the student for such botanical observations as can ordinarily be made with
the naked eye.

To enable him to extend these observations by the use of the simple or dissect-
ing and the compound microscope, in preparation for the study of Pharmacognosy
in the following year, a course of laboratory instruction is provided. This
portion of the work is under the direction of Professor Hart, and consists in
thoroughly training the students in the use of the simple microscope, and in
teaching the structure of all parts of the plant which can be studied with that
instrument.

The material for these studies is collected during the summer season, and
carefully selected with a view to best illustrating the points brought out in the
lecture-room.



COLLEGE OF PHARMACY 33

Vegetable Histology

This course is given in conjunction with the first year botany laboratory and
is prerequisite to the more advanced work of microscopic pharmacognosy, tech-
nical microscopy and food microscopy.

The Microscope and Microtechnic. — As ability to properly use a microscope
is the foundation of success in all branches of microscopy, first attention is given
to a consideration of the parts of the instrument. The uses of the various types
of objectives, oculars, illuminating apparatus and mechanical accessories are
explained and demonstrated. The details of sectioning, embedding, staining and
mounting specimens are illustrated by demonstrations, and at least part of the
work is performed by the student.

Vegetable Histology. — ^This part of the course includes the study of plant tissues
and the various types of cell contents. A physiological grouping of the tissues
is followed by detailed study of the forms, modifications, locations, functions and
differences in chemical constitution of the cellular elements concerned in pro-
tection, support, absorption, transportation, synthesis and storage. The or-
ganic and inorganic cell contents are classified; details of their synthesis are
considered and the more commonly used microchemical tests are demonstrated.
This work is followed by a detailed study of the arrangement of cells and dis-
position of cell contents in the various parts and organs of the plant. Each
student prepares a set of specimens for use in the course and is required to follow
the lecture explanations by personal observation and drawings illustrating the
topics considered at each session.

Physiology and Hygiene

In addition to the skill in Pharmacognosy required for the selection of drugs,
the educated pharmacist is required to possess some general information concern-
ing the properties and uses of the materials which he is engaged in handling and
dispensing; that is, of the general classification of medicines. As such classifica-
tion depends directly upon their physiological properties, a limited and specialized
course of instruction in Human Physiology is provided.

The method consists in so arranging the order of subjects that the student
shall be led from the very first lesson to see the manner in which disordered
bodily functions may be restored to a healthy condition by the action of medi-
cines, and leads to the immediate classification of the more important remedies,
in connection with the study of the organs or systems to the functions of which
they apply. While this method gives an accurate knowledge of the facts in-
volved, it permits of the exclusion of a large portion of the subject of Physiology,
and reduces to a minimum the amount of time expended in acquiring such a
knowledge of this department of Materia Medica as is properly required of the
practising pharmacist.

Posology

The practice in some states of issuing licenses as Assistants to those who have



Online LibraryCollege of Pharmacy of the City of New YorkCollege of pharmacy of the City of New York (Volume 1924/25-1930/31) → online text (page 3 of 61)