Commission on Massachusetts' Part in the World War.

Report of the Commission on Massachusetts' Part in the World War (Volume v.1) online

. (page 1 of 121)
Online LibraryCommission on Massachusetts' Part in the World WarReport of the Commission on Massachusetts' Part in the World War (Volume v.1) → online text (page 1 of 121)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


N PUBLIC LIBRABY



3 9999 03290 936 6






■>F {vi:ASSAC:FflJS!::T'T'S



BO^OA



Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive

in 2010 witii funding from

Boston Public Library



http://www.archive.org/details/reportofcommissi002comm



Report

of the

Commission on Massachusetts' Part
in the World War

THE

GOLD STAR RECORD

OF MASSACHUSETTS



Edited by
EBEN PUTNAM

Major, Q. M. Res. {late Captain A. E. F.)



Under the Direction of

BRIG. GEN. JESSE F. STEVENS, The Adjutant General

FREDERIC W. COOK, Secretary of the Commonwealth

EDWARD H. REDSTONE, State Librarian

Commissioners



VOLUME II



Published by
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts

BOSTON
1929






/o|.a



WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING COMPANY
BOSTON. MASS.



Printed in U. S. A.



CONTENTS



PAGE

Preface vii

Gold Star Record .....' 1

Massachusetts (town unknown) . . ' 685

Additional Records 686

Supplementary List 687

Corrigenda 690

Alphabetical List of Names 691



CONTENTS BY COUNTIES



PAGE

Barnstable 1

Berkshire 7

Bristol 32

Dukes 86

Essex 87

Franklin 171

Hampden 181

Hampshire 225

Middlesex 235

Nantucket 382

Norfolk 383

Plymouth 424

Suffolk 454

Worcester 603



CONTENTS BY CITIES AND TOWNS



Abington

Actou

Acuslinet

Adams

Agawam

Afford

Amesbury .

Amherst

Andover

Arhngton .

Ashburnliam

Ashfield

Ashland

Athol .

Attleboro .

Auburn

Avon .

Ayer .

Barnstable

Barre .

Bedford

Belchertown

Bellingham

Belmont

Berkley

Berlin

Beverlj'

Billerica

Blackstone

Blandford

Bolton

Boston

Bourne

Boxborough

Boxford

Braintree

Brewster

Bridgewater

Brimfield

Brockton

Brookfield

Brooklinc

Buckland

Burlington

Cambri<ige

Canton

Carver

Charlcmont

Charlton

Chatham

Chelmsford



PAGE










PAGE




Hi


Chelsea 689


Grafton


935


Cheshire








9


Granby


32


Chester








182


Great Barringt


7


Chesterfield








226


Greenfield .


181


Chicopee








182


Greenwich


8


Clarksburg








9


Groton


87


Clinton








608


Groveland


225


Cohasset








395




SS


Colrain








171


Hadley


235


Concord








264


Hamilton .


603


Cummingtun








22'3


Hampden .


171












Hancock


239


Dalton








9


Hanover


603


Dana .








610


Hanson


82


Danvers








93


Hardwick .


606


Dartmouth








3G


Harvard


383


Dedham








396


Harwich


239


Deerfield .
Dennis








171
3


Hatfield .
Haverhill .


1


Dighton








37


Hawley


606


Douglas








611


Hingham .


240


Dover








398


Hinsdale .


226


Dracut








266


Holbrook


383


Dudley








611


Holden


240


Duxbury .








438


Tlolliston


36










Holyoke .


607


East Bridgewater






438


Hopedale


90


Eastham .






3


Hopkinton


242


Easthampton








227


Hubbardston


607


East Longmead


3W






187


Hudson


181


Easton








37


Hull . .


608


Edgartown








86


Huntington


454


Egremont .








10




1


Erving








172


Ipswich


242


Essex .








95




93


Everett








207


Kingston


384














1


Fairhaven .








38


I.akeville .


420


Fall River .








39


Lancaster .


181


Falmouth .








3


Lanesborough


428


Fitchburg .








611


Lawrence .


608


Florida








11


Lee


385


Foxborough








398


Leicester


171


Framingham








272


Lenox


2t2


Franklin
I'reetown .








. 399
56


Leominster
Lexington .


243












Lincoln


394


Gardner








. 619


Longmeadow


438


Gay Head .








86


Lowell


171


Georgetown








95


Ludlow


008


Gill . .








. 172


Lunenburg


2


Glo\icestcr








96


Lynn .


203


Gosuold








86


Lynnfield .



CONTENTS BY CITIES AND TOWNS



PAGE


PAGE


PAGE


ilalden 300


Pepperell 336


Sunderland . . . .180


Manchester








148


Peru .






19


Swampscott






169


Mansfield .








5R


Petersham






636


Swansea






80


Marblehead








149


Pittsfield .






19










Marion








442


Plainville .






408


Taunton






80


Marlborough








309


Plymouth .






444


Templeton






642


Marshfield








443


Plympton .






446


Tewksbury






359


Mattapoisett








443


Prescott






232


Tolland






219


Mavnard .








313


Princeton .






636


Topsfield .






170


Medficld .








401


Provincetown .






4


Townsend .






359


Medford .








313










Truro .






6


Medway .








401


Quincy






408










Melrose








320










Upton






642


Mendon








629


Randolph .






415


Uxbridge






643


Merrimac- .








150


Raynham .






79










Methuen .








150


Reading






336


Wakefield . .






360


Middleborough








442


Rehoboft . .






79


Wales






219


Milford .








629


Revere






595


Walpole






418


Millburv








631


Richmond .






29


Waltham






364


Millis .








402


Rockland .






447


Ware .






233


Milton








402


Rockport .






159


Wareham .






449


Monson








199


Rowley






159


Warren






644


Montague .








176


Royalston .
Russell






636

200


Watertown
Wayland .






370
374


Nahant








153


Rutland






636


Webster .






644


Nantucket








382










Wellesley .






419


Natick








322


Salem






159


Wellfleet .






6


Needhara .








405


Salisbury .






167


Wendell .






180


Ne»v Ashford








15


Sandisfield .






29


Wenham .






170


New Bedford








57


Sandwich .






6


Westborough .






646


Newbury .








153


Saugus






167


West Boylston .






647


Newburj-port .






154


Scituate






448


West Bridgewater






450


New Marlborough






15


Seekonk






79


Westfield ,






219


New Salem






178


Sharon






416


Westford .






374


Ncwtun






324


Sheffield . .






30


Westhamptou .






233


Norfolk . .






406


Shelburne .






179


Westminster






647


North Adams






15


Sherboru .






338


West Newbury






WO


Northampton






229


Shirley






338


Weston






. 375


North Andover






156


Shrewsbury






637


Westport .






. 84


North Attleborough






77


Shutesbury






179


West Springfield






. 223


Northborough .






632


Somerset .






79


West Stoekbridge






. 30


Xorthbridge






632


Somerville .






339


Westwood .






. 420


North Brookfield






634


Southampton






232


Weymouth






. 420


Nortlifield .






178


Southborough .






637


Whitman .






. 451


Norton






79


Southbridge






637


Wilbraham






224


Norwood . .






407


South Hadley .
Southwick .






232
201


Williamsburg .
Williamstown .






234
30


Oakham






635


Spencer






640


Wilmington






. 375


Orange






178


Springfield






201


Winchendon






. 648


Orleans






4


Sterling






641


Winchester






375


Oxford






035


Stoekbridge
Stoneham .






30
357


Windsor
Winthrop .






31
. 600


Palmer






200


Stoughton .






. 416


Woburn






. 378


Paxton






636


Stow .






. 358


Worcester .






. 649


Peabody






156


Sturbridge






. 641


Worthington






. 234


Pembroke .








444


Sudbury






. 359


Wrentham






. 433



PREFACE



In compliance with chapter 367, section 1, Acts of 1924, the Commission has com-
piled a record of citizens and residents of Massachusetts who died during the World War
while in the military or naval service of the United States or of the Commonwealth;
also in the services of the Allies, so far as could be recovered.

This record gives in as compact form as practicable the data which the act calls for, —
namely, to establish the identity of the soldier, sailor or marine; to enable a reasonable
estimate to be made of the service rendered; to give the service record, residence, birth-
place, age at entry into the service, and names of nearest relatives.

The volimie contains 5,771 individual service records, men and women. The basis
of the compilation was the series of service records supplied to The Adjutant General
of Massachusetts by the War Department. These military records give date of entry
^ and discharge from the service and units to which attached, age, residence, next of kin
or friend named by the soldier, wounds, overseas service, and "battles" in which he took
part. In some cases other information appeared on these cards. However, the actual
place of death, except in a few instances, was not stated.

Specimen service cards supplied by the War and Navy Departments are printed
below.

SPECIMEN OF ARMY CARD

Young, Edwin 1,196,087 White

Residence: 9 Lafield St., Boston, Massachusetts.
Enlisted (RA) at Ft. Logan, Colo., on July 24, 1917.
Place of birth: New York, N. Y. Age or date of bu-th: 21 8/12 yrs.
Organizations served in, with dates of assignments and transfers: MD Ft Sam Houston Tex July 24/17 to

Aug 6/17; Hq Inf Div Sn Tn Ft Clark Tex to Aug 8/17; F Hosp. #26 to death.
Grades, with date of appointment:
Pvt 1 cl Oct 15/17; Ck Feb 1/18
Engagements: DEFENSIVE: Aisne; Champagne-Marne; OFFENSIVE: Aisne-Marne; St. Mihiel; Meuse-

Argonne; DEFENSIVE SECTOR: Chateau-Thierry (Champagne)
Served overseas from Apr 19/18 to death.
Killed in action October 23, 1918.
Other wounds or injuries received in action: None
Person notified of death: Kate Brooks mother 9 Lafield St., Dorchester, Massachusetts.

SPECIMEN OF NAVY CARD

Name TRACY — MICHAEL JOSEPH Service Number 167-35-62
Enlisted

Enrolled at Recruiting Station, Boston, Mass. Date 6-8-1918 U.S.N.

Age at Entrance 25 yrs 10 mos. Rate Ships Cook 4th class. U.S.N.R.F.

Home Address 16 Ellet Street. Town Dorchester

County State Mass.

V Served at From To Served as No. Days

Naval Training Camp, Hingham, Mass. 7- 5-18 7-25-18 Ships Cook 4th 93

Class

Naval Rifle Range, Wakefield, Mass. 7-25-18 8- 7-18

Receiving Ship, Boston, Mass. 8- 7-18 9- 2-18

Naval Ho.spital, Chelsea, Mass. 9- 2-18 9- 9-18
Remarks:

Date Discharge Died 9-9-1918 Naval Hospital Ships Cook 4th Class

Place Inactive Duty Chelsea, Mass. Rating at Discharge



PREFACE

To present the information required of the Commission in one vohime of a size not
too large for easy reference, the following arrangement was adopted :

Name, rank, date, place and cause of death; service record, giving organizations to
which attached, with term of service in each ; date of departure overseas ; former service
record, if any; date and place of birth; parentage; marriage and children; names of
brothers and sisters; occupation or training; citations for gallant conduct, etc.; deco-
rations. In every instance not otherwise stated it is understood that the grade was
that of enlisted man below that of the lowest grade of non-commissioned or warrant
officer.

In order to present this information in the least space, certain styles and sizes of
type and certain easily understood abbreviations have been used.

The names of those who were killed in action or who died of wounds are preceded by
a cross.

The record has been arranged alphabetically under cities and towns, grouped by
counties. The table of contents gives the pages where the town or city lists appear.
An alphabetical list of names of those whose records appear in this volume, with ref-
erence to the city or town under which the name occurs, is given on page 691. In many
instances the same man has been claimed by different towns, but the Commission has
attempted to determine the actual residence.

There are about 30,000 names in this volume, in addition to the 5,771 names in
the record itself. To collect the information needed to comply with the specifications
of the act has required a great deal of research and checking of information, often con-
tradictory, obtained from various sources.

Efforts were made to get information from near relatives covering facts it was desired
to use, as well as other data to be placed in the files of the Commission for further record.

About 5,000 questionnaires were distributed, but reports were received in only
about 40 per cent of the cases. A copy of the questionnaire is inserted herewith: —

GOLD STAR RECORD OF MASSACHUSETTS IN THE WORLD WAR.

An Act relative to the Compilation of a Record of the Massachusetts Men who died in the Military
OR Naval Service during the World War.

"The special commission to provide for the preparation of a suitable history of Massachusetts' part in the
World War, established under authority of chapter four hundred and eight of the acts of nineteen hundred and
twenty-three, is hereby directed to compile an appropriate record of Massachusetts men who died during the
World War while in the militar.y or naval service of the United States of America or of the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts or in the military or naval forces of any foreign power associated with the United States of
America in the World War. Said Record shall be known as The Gold Star Record of Massachusetts in the
World War. It shall be in sufficient detail to establish the identity of each such deceased soldier, sailor or
marine, and to enable a reasonable estimate to be made of the service rendered by him to the Commonwealth,
and shall set forth among other things his service record, residence, birthplace, age of entry into service and his
nearest relatives. The manuscript for said report shall be completed on or before July 1, W26." (Chapter 367,
Section 1, Acts 192-t.)

Please return this questionnaire as soon as possible to Commission on History of Massachusetts in the
World War, Room 532, STATE HOUSE, Boston.

Full Name of soldier or sailor

(First Name) (Middle Name) (Last Name)

Residence at and prior to entering service

Place and date of his Birth

Place and date of his Death

Place of Burial

How and where did he receive his education.''

Is any public place, building, or any organization named in his memory.'

If married, give full maiden name of wife

Her present address

If married, and wife not living, state place and date of her death

Names of children (Give place and date of birth)

Had he military or naval service prior to the World War?

viii



PREFACE



If so, state when and where and in what organization .

Full name and present residence of Father

Father's residence in 1917

Full maiden name of Mother



If one or both parents were not born in Massachusetts, please state where they were born

If parents are not living, state place and date of death

Full names of brothers and sisters

(If sisters are married, state to whom married.)

Remarks: A brief statement concerning the subject of this questionnaire, telling something about him,
his schooling, his everyday or business life is desired.

Below please mention citations, awards, decorations, etc., and what may be known of any unusual incident
during army or navy experience.
If you have knowledge of any diary, letters descriptive of experiences, or other interesting papers of the war

period, please give details and present possession of same

This report was made by: Xame: (state relationship to deceased.)

Date Address

It is very important that this questionnaire be returned at as early a date as possible.

The files of the Treasurer and Receiver-General of the Commonwealth, showing
applications for the gratuity granted Massachusetts men in the service who had complied
with certain requirements and who resided in the state during the six months preceding
entry into the service, supplied invaluable information.

The current news items published during the war, various town, school and other
rolls, and data received from interested persons, were additional sources of information.

Following the compilation of the record based on the sources already mentioned, the
vital records in possession of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, and in some instances
the town records of other states, were consulted.

A great many instances were found where men, notwithstanding they were Massa-
chusetts men, were not credited by the War Department to our Commonwealth. This
arose from the fact that Massachusetts men often enlisted in other states. For instance,
a resident of North Adams may have been accepted for service there but enlisted at some
army post in another state; or, because he did not give his true residence, credit was
given to the state in which the post was situated. Thus Massachusetts men were
credited to New York, to Vermont, or to the District of Columbia. In some cases
men claimed residence in the state where they enlisted, or in some other than their
home state, even though they had but recently left Massachusetts to seek temporary
employment, and were still assessed in their home town and their names listed by the
local draft board.

Every instance which has come to the notice of the Commission has been investi-
gated. After the record was in type proof sheets covering each town were sent to the
town clerk of that town and to Adjutants or Commanders of American Legion Posts,
and other veteran organizations, and to other interested persons, in order that oppor-
tunity might be given for revision. Several newspapers printed the complete lists of
names and records for their localities. All of this was of help to the Commission.

There will be found omissions in this record of names of men appearing on honor
rolls of some Massachusetts towns. These instances, almost invariably, were of men
who actually had become citizens of some other state, or whose absence from Massa-
chusetts had been of such long duration that other states had unquestionably obtained
the right to claim credit for their service. There have been, however, a number of names
added to the credit of Massachusetts, the result of the work of the Commission.

To locate, even approximately, the place of death was a matter of no little diffi-
culty. Various sources of information were used. In many instances the parents of
the soldier exhibited letters from company commanders or comrades in service who
related the exact circumstances under wiiicli death occurred. The Red (toss records



PREFACE



also were used. Lacking other information it was assumed, if a man was killed in
action or mortally wounded on a date on which his organization was known to have
been in a certain position, that his death occurred at or near that place. Thus if a
man is reported killed in action on the day it is known his company was in Belleau
Wood or attacking Vaux, he is said in the record to have died there, not merely in the
Chateau-Thierry Sector, although actually he may have lived to reach a first-aid post
or field hospital. Mistakes will, of course, be found. The enclosure within brackets
of the name of the place where death is reported indicates that the information is
not only unofficial, but is a deduction from the data available. Names of men
concerning whose death official confirmation could not be obtained are also placed in
brackets.

The work of identification of place of death was largely performed by Capt. Sidney
A. Cook and Mr. Herbert L. Kuhn, both former members of the 2Cth Division. Any
questionable instance was determined by the editor of the record.

Difficulties were frequently encountered in identifying the family affiliation of the
soldier or sailor, requiring genealogical investigation. As a rule, the identification was
performed by Mr. John Elliot Bowman, a genealogist of long experience, assisted by
Mr. Kuhn, and here again the many difficult problems of identity were submitted
to the editor.

In the absence of confirmatory data from relatives, it has not been possible to
satisfactorily identify the family affiliation of all persons named in the record. In
many cases it seemed better to omit what might be erroneous information, however
circumstantial the evidence. Notwithstanding the care exercised in this matter, it is
to be expected that some instances of mistaken identification occur, due in part to
the fact that even the records of birth and marriage frequently err regarding baptismal
names. This especially is the case with names of foreign-born parents.

Unless otherwise noted, it is to be understood that the place of residence of
parents of the soldier or sailor is the town under which the man's record is found.
Where no other definite information could be obtained, the source of information is
usually the application for the gratuity granted by the Commonwealth.

All whose place or country of birth is not specified are to be understood as having
been born in Massachusetts unless the context shows otherwise, but this rule does
not always hold true in the case of mothers where the father was native born, or to
nativity of brothers and sisters. Overseas deaths are in France unless another country
is named.

It is needless to state that the necessities of the abbreviated form of the record
have required an arbitrary rule regarding punctuation and capitalization.

Finally, in order to condense the record as far as practicable, the names of the
ofl'ensive and defensive operations (each of which covered a large area) with which the
man was credited on the service card supplied by the War Department have been
omitted under the individual records. By reference to Volume I of the Report of the
Commission, under the various organization histories, information will be found
regarding the activities of those organizations, and between certain dates, thus enabling
one to learn in what operations the man participated.

The record of Massachusetts made by her sons in this war is one to be proud of.
This Gold Star Record is but a slight testimonial of the regard of the Commonwealth
for the sacrifices of those who died in the service.

A study of the data obtained by the Commission in the progress of this work sup-
plies the following general information:



PREFACE

Deaths in American forces, 5,288, as follows: Army, 4,427, exclusive of 20 nurses
and Ambulance Service, 2; Navy, 654; Marines, 152; yeomen (F), 8; Coast Guard,
25; Canadian forces, 325; British, 116; Australian, 3; New Zealand, 1; French, 10;
Polish, 2; Russian, 3; Belgian, 1; Italian, 6; total, 5,755. To this total should be
added the names in the Supplementary List on page 687.

It is found that 3,379 of those whose records appear in this roll were natives of
Massachusetts, 441 were born in other New England States, and 384 in other parts of
the United States; Hawaii, 1; Philippine Islands, 2; Canada, including Newfound-
land, 280; British West Indies, 3; Great Britain, 160; Ireland, 165; Italy, 179;
France, 10; Sweden, 25; Norway, 2; Denmark, 7; Poland, 45; Lithuania, 36; other
Baltic states, 8; Ukraine, 2; Russia, including provinces now independent, but which
could not be identified, 91; Turkey, including Syria and Armenia, 29; Portugal, in-
cluding Azores and Western Islands, 25; Germany, 10; Bulgaria, 1; Austria, 18;
Holland, 3; Belgium, 2; Greece, 44; Spain, 1; Mexico, 1; Cuba, 1; Brazil, 2; Africa,
2; Japan, 1. The birthplace of 422 men was doubtful or unknown at the time this
count was made, the larger proportion of whom would probably fall under the general
head "American."

The fact that their own people and relatives were engaged in a life and death
struggle was unquestionably a factor in the large number of voluntary enlistments of
foreign-born in our forces, especially of men who might have claimed exemption from
the draft. Nevertheless, the very fact that they did serve with our colors, even under
the handicap of often imperfect understanding of the English language, speaks for
itself.

The Commission has tried to give as much information regarding the foreign-born
dead as of our native-born. Sources of information have, of course, been more scanty,
but pains have not been spared.

In reporting the causes of death other than battle death, all deaths attributed
in the official records to disease have been so stated without specifying the disease,
although a very large proportion of the deaths from disease overseas were directly or



Online LibraryCommission on Massachusetts' Part in the World WarReport of the Commission on Massachusetts' Part in the World War (Volume v.1) → online text (page 1 of 121)