Confederate States of America. Congress.

Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865 (Volume 4) online

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The joint resolution (II. R. IT) of thanks to Major-Generai Forrest
and the otticers and men of his command was read the first and second
times and referred to the Connnittee on Militiiry Affairs.

A message from the President of the Confederate States, by Mr.
B. N. Harrison, his Secretaiy:

Mr. Pre.tldoit: The President f)f the Confederati- States has, to-day, ajjproved and
signed the following acts:

S. 1. An act to provi<lt' and organize a 'jfent-nil staff for armies in the field, to serve
during the war;

.rune 14, 186-4.] SENATE. 247

S. 55. An aot to authorize the formation of new commands, to be composed of
supernumerary officers who may resign to join such commands, and to limit and
restrict the appointment of f)fficers in certain cases;

S. 58. An act to authorize the appointment of quartermasters and assistant quar-
termasters and commissaries and assistant commissaries in the Provisional Army in
certain cases;

S. 60. An act to _amend an act entitled "An act to prohibit the importation of lux-
uries, or of articles not necessaries or of common use," approved February 6, 1864;

S. 61. An act to amend an act entitled "An act to organize military courts to
attend the Army of the Confederate States in the field, and to define the powers of
said courts;

S. 70. An act to amend an act entitled "An act to amend an act entitled 'An act to
organize military courts to attend the Army of the Confederate States in the field,
and to define the powers of said courts,' " approved February 13, 1864; and

S. 72. An act to amend an act entitled "An act to organize military courts to attend
the Army ftf the Confederate States in the field, and to define the powers of said
courts," approved October 9, 1862.

Ordered^ That the Secretaiy inform the House of Representatives

Mr. Henry, from the committee appointed on the part of the Senate
to join the connnittee appointed on the part of the House of Repre-
sentatives, to wait upon the President of the Confederate States and
inform him that, unless he may have some further communication to
make, the two Houses are now ready to adjourn, reported

That they had discharged the duties assigned them; and that the
President replied, "that he had no further communication to make."

The President pro tempore having announced that the hour fixed
for the adjournment of the two Houses of Congress by their resolu-
tion of this day had arrived, declared the Senate to be adjoifrned
sine die.


Mr. Henry, from the Committee on Military Affairs, to whom were
referred the nominations of F. R. Lubbock, to be aid-de-camp to the
President, with the rank, pay, and allowances of a colonel of cavalry;
G. M. Jessee, to be lieutenant-colonel; W. T. Edwards, to be com-
missary, with the rank of major; Michael Lynch, to be major; C. F.
Hopkins, to be colonel; Theodore W. Brev^ard, to be colonel; W. W.
Scott and J. F. McClellan, to be lieutenant-colonels; and John West-
cott and John H. Gee, to be majors, reported, with the recommenda-
tion that all of said nominations be confirmed.

The Senate proceeded to the consideration of .said report; and in
concurrence therewith, it was

Resolved^ That the Senate advise and consent to their appointment,
agreeably to the nominations of the President.

Mr. Burnett, from the Committee on Militaiy Affairs, to whom
were referred the nominations of M. A. Pringle, Mason Morfit, L. N.
Webb, H. McD. McElrath, J. Hamilton, J. R. Arnold, William
Bacon, J. B. E. Sloan, R. C. Saunders, E. Bradford, C. C. Yonge, ,1. H.
Screven, J. M. Hottel, Kensey Johns, A. E. Lassalle, C. M. Smith,
R. P. Archer, H. F. Springer, E. Powell, A. M. Paxton, J. W.
Young, C. F. Moore, J. L. McCluer, W. G. Ferguson, W. G. Bentley,
T. C. Fearn, E. Taylor, J. P. Horback. E. H. Ewing, to be quarter-
masters, with the rank of major; George C. Orgain, Charles K. Mal-
lorv, James F. Cummings, R. J. Nugent, George J. Crafts, John
M.'Garnett, H. A. Troutman, R. Colston, A. P. Calhoun, R. T. Buck-
ner, H. D. Cothran, W. H. Smith, W. H. Kirker, J. J. P. Smith,

248 JOURNAL OF THE [June 14, 18C4.

C. J. Leigh, William S. Kemper, J. B. Hope, John L. Cobb, W. W.
Barrett, H. W. Eflager, H. C. Fairfax, T. W. AYood, A. W. Dunn,
William Johnston, S. Putne}-, W. W. Lester, J. K. Murphree, John
F. Allen, F. M. Johnston, D. L. Hopkins, F. J. Lynch, G. D. Spur-
rier, K. V. Gaines, E. W. Davis, George E. Taylor, John F. Cage,
Jos. L. Thomas, J. R, Bryan, jr., H. F. Cook, S. Fairbanks, E. G.
Williams, R. R. Randolph, George A. Cuyler, John Lightfoot,
L. B. Mitchell, H. C. Thorburn, E. INI. Bacon; J. E. Peebles, Joseph
Farley, P). fl. Curry, Jno. D. Brandon, J. L. Cunningham, R. Man-
ning,"^T. C. Clark, \T. F. Craft, T. A. Gilham, A. B. McEaehin, A.
Dickinson, W. T. Holderness, R. K. Hines, T. L. Macon, F. L. Dancy,
H. D. Brigham, W. D. Tapp, G. N. Eakin, W. J. Gordon, AV. J.
Bryant, F. F. Freeman, J. M. Phipps, B. F. Jones, F. H. Quitman,
J. "K. P. Pritchard, William Cooke, ,1. F. Cooper, C. A. Mallory,
M. Glover,0. F. Simpson, Julius F. Coit, S. M. Finger, Charles R.
King, J. II. Bryan, L. Hilliard, J. M. Goyan, L. L. Marks, R. C.
Saundci's, ,Iohn W. Jones, W. G. Cazenove, Orlando Smith, G. H.
Fitzwilson, L. M. Wilson, C. C. Macmurdo, W. Van Berithuysen,

D. Pender, .John Brannon, V. Q. Johnson, J. H. D. Smoot, James H.
Bull, A. S. Fletcher, A. S. Garnett, J. K. Vance, S. S. Kirkland,
Henry C. Hart, R. Montgonier}', J. P. Smith, G. J. Sumner, P. P.
Barbour, riames SoAvers, John II. Stout, J. P. Bridger, R. C. Mac-
murdo. R. D. (iribl)le, to be assistant cjuartermasters, with the rank
of captain: C. A. Lathrop, A. M. Fowlkes, J. Shouk, C. McClen-
aghan, T. B. Trout, A. M. Allen, M. B. Miller, H. T. Hall, P. Camp-
bell, A. B. Noyes, J. P. BaldAvin, A. G. Sumner, W. O. Ilarvie, T.
Robinson, W.M. Tate, Joseph Cloyd, James Sloan, P. W. White,
John M. Gait, W. B. Street, J. D. Lockhait, Charles B. Pearre, Henry
Cranston, John G. IMcGaughy, to be counuissaries, with the rank of
major; J. II. Franklin, .1. M. Johnston, C. W. Venable, R. G. Lindsay,
A. II. Cline, J. II. Dowell, D. F. Brashear, T. R. Foster, G. B. Scott,
W. O. Rogers, W. B. Fitzpatrick, W. A. Thompson, J. J. Wheadon,
Aug. O. Bacon, J. M. ISIurkland, W. T. Edwards, W. C. Hillhouse,
T. E. Dudley, S. L. Butler, I). L. Thomson, H. W. Conner, J. P.
Mason, P,. R". Mason, T. II. lAIcKoy. J. A. McRady, R. M. Doss, T. E.
Mitchell, J. R. Hutchinson, ^X . B. Clarke, W."ll. Wigg, M. J. M.
Mason, T. C. Moore, Richai'd Irby, K. L. Simons, John F. Rile}^
T. S. Morgan, F. F. Mycr, G. H. Clieeyer, T. 11. Bostick, J. A. Bowie,
J. W. Chajjinan, A. J. Hutchins, Z. S. Farland, S. S. (jresham, .1. B.
Fulton, M. P.. Kittrell, II. Wade, J. A. Houser. J. H. Davis, C. F.
Stul.hs, J. (J. Mottett, G. W. Hardie, T. H. Handy, W. B. Williams,
D. C. Richardson. W. II. Johnson, J. P. Eggleston, C. M. Boyce,
Joseph Palmer, R. W. Adams, (J. B. Jones, F. J. Wiid<ler, Charles
Chatte, J. Chcstnutt, Thomas F. Patton, Charles II. Elms, Thomas S.
Jertereys, Duncan F. ,Jett, (ieorge Lee, .John L. Holmes, T. H. South-
all, to be assistant counuissaries, with the rank of captain; D. O. Mer-
win, to be major; M. W. Gary, to he brigaflier-general, John S. Hope,
to be assistant adjutant-general, with the rank of major; B. S. rlohn-
son and A. H. Sexier, to be assistant adjutant-generals, with the rank
of captain; and S. E. Barnwell, E. C. (irordon, P. Hamilton, Thomas
Hunter, to Ite siids-de-camp, \v\t\\ the rankof tirst lieutenants, i-eported,
with th<^ I'econunendation that all of said nominations be contirnuHi.

The Senate proceeded to the consideration of said report; and in
concurrence therewith, it was

.Iiiue M. l.sti4.1 SENATE. 249

Resolved^ That the Senate advise and consent to their appointment,
ag'reeably to the nominations of the President.

The following- message was received from the President of the Con-
federate States, b}" Mr. B. N. Harrison, his Secretary:

Confederate States of America, Executive Department,

Riclnnond, June 14, 1864-
To the Senate of Ihe Covfederate States:

Agreeably to tlie recommendation of the Se(;retary of War, I nominate Col. H. B.
Lyon, of Kentucky, to be a brigadier-general in the Provisional Army of the Con-
federate States of America.


Confederate States of America, War Department,

Richmond, Jiive 14, 1864.
Sir: I have the honor to recommend the nomination of Col. H. B. Lyon, of Ken-
tucky, to be a brigadier-general in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States of
America, to cominand Hodge's late brigade, vice the nomination of G. B. Hodge
rejected l»y the Senate, to rank fnjm conrirmation.
I am, sir, respectfullv, y<jur obedient servant,


Secretary of War.
To His Excellency Jefferson Davis,

President, etc.

The message was read.

The Senate proceeded to the consideration of the nomination of
II. B. Lyon, to be a l^rigadier-general in the Provisional Army of the
Confederate States; and it was

ReaoVoed., That they advise and consent to the appointment, agree-
al)Iy to the nomination of the President.

On motion by Mr. Burnett,

The Senate resolved into open legislative session.




18, 186r,.

The second session of the Second Congress commenced this day,
conformabl}^ to the Constitution and hiws of the Confederate States,
and the Senate assembled at the city of Richmond.

MONDAY, November 7, 1864.

open session.

From the State of- —
Florida Augustus E. Maxwell.

Georgia Benjamin H. Hill.

Kentucky Henry C. Burnett.

William E. Simms.

Louisiana Edward Spari-ow.

Missouri Waldo P. Johnson.

North Carolina William T, Dortch.

William A. Gi-alium.

South Carolina Rol)ert W. Barnwell.

flames L. Orr.

Tennessee Gustavus A. Henry.

Virginia Allen T. Caperton.

Robert M. T. Hunter.

The Hon. Robert M. T. Hunter, President of the Senate pro tem-
pore, resumed the chair.
On motion by Mr. Orr,


252 JOUENAL OF THE [Nov. 7, 1864.

Ordered^ That the Secretary inform the House of Representatives
that a quorum of the Senate has assembled, and that the Senate is
ready to proceed to business.

On motion by Mr. Orr,

Ordered^ That the daily hour of u'eeting- of the Senate be 12 o'clock
until otherwise ordered.

A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. Lamar, their

Mr. Premdent: I am directed to inform tlie Senate that a qnorum of the House of
Representatives has assembled, and that the House is ready to proceed to business.

The House of Representatives have passed a resolution for the appointment of a
committee, jointly with such committee as may be appointed on the part of the
Senate, to wait on the President of the Confederate States and inform him that a
quorum of each House has as.sembled, and that Congress is ready to receive any
communication he may be pleased to make; and have appointed ]\[r. Chilton of
Alabama, Mr. Clark of Missouri, and Mr. De Jarnette of Virginia the committee on
their part.

Mr. Hill submitted the following resolution; which was considered
and agreed to:

Resolved, That a committee be appointed, jointly with the committee appointed on
the part of the House of Representatives, to wait on the President of the Confederate
States and inform him that a (piorum of each House has assembled, and that Con-
gress is ready to receive any coTumunication he may be pleased to make.

On motion I)}' Mr. Hill,

(h-dered. That the committee be appointed bj^ the President pro
tempore; and

Mr. Hill, Mr. Barnwell, and Mr. Graham were appointed.

Ordered, That the Secretar}' inform the House of Representatives

Mr. Hill, from the committee appointed, jointly with the committee
appointed on the part of the House of R(>presentatives, to wait on the
President of the Confederate States and inform him that a quorinn of
each House has assembled, and that Congress is ready to receive an\'^
connnunication he may be pleased to make, reported that the commit-
tee had performed the duty assigned them, and that the President
replied that he woidd immediately make a communication to the two
Houses of Congress.

The following message was received from the President of the Con-
federate States, by Mr. B. N. Harrison, his Secretary:

7v lite SetuUe and JIousi' of Rejirexeiitalln'n of tin' Confederate States of America:

It is with satisfaction that J welcome your j)resence at an earlier day than that
usual for your session, and with contidence that 1 invoke the aid of your counsels at
a time of such public exigency. The campaign which was commenced almost sim-
ultaneously with your session early in May last, and which was still in progress at
your adjournment in the njiddle of June, has not yet reached its it has been
prosecuted on a scale and with an energy hei'etofore uneijualcd. When we revert to
the condition of our country at the ince|)tion of the operations of the i)resent_ year,
to the magnitude of I lie preparations made by the enemy, the number of his forces,
the accumulation of his warlike supplit-s, and the ])rodigality with which his vast
resources have been lavished in the attempt to n-iider success assured; when we
contrast the numlK-rs and means at our disposal for resistance; and when we con-
template the results of a .struggle api>arently so unecjual, we can not fail, while remler-
ing the full meed of deserved praise to oiu- generals and soldiers, to perceive that a
power higher than man has willed our deliverance, and gratefully to recognize the
protection of a kind Provitlence in enabling us successfully to withstand the utmost
efforts of the enemy for our sul)jiigation.

At the beginning of the year the State of Texas was |)artially in possession of the
enemy, and large portions of Louisiana and .Arkansas lav apparently defenseless.

Nov. 7. 1864.J SENATE. 253

Of the Federal soldiers who invaded Texas, none are known to remain, except as
prisoners of war. In northwestern Louisiana a large and well a[)pointed arm^',
aided by a powerful fleet, was repeatedly defeated, and deemed itself fortunate in
finally escaping with a loss of one-third of its numbers, a large part of its military train,
and many transports and gunboats. The enemy's occupation of that State is reduced
to the narrow district commanded by the guns of his fleet. Arkansas has been
recovered with the exception of a few fortified posts, while our forces have penetrated
into central iMissouri, affording to our oppressed brethren in that State an oppor-
tunity, of which many have availed themselves, of striking for liberation from the
tyranny to which they have been subjected.

On the east of the Mississippi, in spite of some reverses, we have much cause for
gratulation. The enemy hoped to effect, during the present year, by concentration
of forces, the conquest which he had previously failed to accomplish by more
extended operations. Compelled, therefore, to withdraw or seriously to weaken
the strength of tlie armies of occupation at different points, he has afforded us the
opportunity of rec(nering possession of extensive districts of our territory. Nearly
the whole of northern and western Mississippi, of northern Alabama, and of western
Tennessee are again in our possession; and all attempts to penetrate from the coast
line into the interior of the Atlantic and Gulf States have been bafHed. On the
entire ocean and gulf coast of the Confederacy, the whole success of the enemy, with
the enormous naval resources at his command, has been limited to the capture of
the outer defenses of Mobile Bay.

If we now turn to the results accomplished by the two great armies so confidently
relied on by the invaders as suflicient to secure the subversion of our (government,
and the subjection of our people to foreign domination, we have still greater cause;
for devout gratitude to Divine Power. In southwestern Virginia, successive armies
which threatened the capture of Lynchburg and Saltville have been routed and
driven out of the country, and a portion of eastern Tennessee reconquered bv our
troops. In northern Virginia extensive districts formerly occupied by the enemy
are now free from their presence. In the lower valley their general, rendered des-
perate l)y his inability to maintain a hostile occupation, has resorte<l to the infamous
expedient of converting a fruitful land into a desert by burning its mills, granaries,
and homesteads, and destroying the food, standing crops, live stock, and agricultural
implements of peaceful noncombatants. The main army, after a series of defeats, in
which its losses have been enormous; after attempts by raiding parties to break up
our railroad communications, which have resulted in the destruction of a large part
of the cavalry engaged in the work; after constant repulse of oft- repeated assaults on
our defensive lines, is, with the aid of heavy reenforcements, but with, it is hoped,
waning prospect of further progress in the design, still engaged in an effort, com-
menced more than four months ago, to capture the town of Petersburg.

The army of General Sherman, although succeeding, at the end of the summer, in
obtaining possession of Atlanta, has been unable to secure any ultimate advantage
from this success. The same general who in February last marched a large army
from Vicksburg to Meridian with no other result than being forced to march back
again, was able, l>y the aid of greatly increased ntimbers, and after much delay, to
force a passage from Chattanooga to Atlanta, only to be for the second time compelled
to withdraw on the line of his advance, without obtaining control of a single mile of
territory beyond the narrow track of his march, and without gaining aught beyond
the precarious possession of a few fortified points in which he is compelled to main ■
tain heavy garrisons, and which are menaced with recapture.

The lessons afforded by the historv of this war are fraught with instruction and
encouragement. Repeatedly during the war have formidable expeditions beer*
directed by the enemy against points ignorantly supi:)Osed to be of vital importance
(o the Confederacy. Some of these expeditions have at immense cost been success-
ful, but in no instance have the promised fruits been reached. Again, in the present
campaign, was the delusion fondly cherished that the capture of Atlanta and Rich-
mond would, if effected, end the war by the overthrow of our Government and the
submission of our people. We can now judge by experience how unimportant is the
influence of the former event U[)on our capacity for defense, upon the courage ami
spirit of the people, and the stability of the Government. We may in liki' man-
ner judge that if the campaign against Richmond had restilted in success instead
of failure; if the valor of the army, under the leadership of its accomplished com-
mander, had resisted in vain the overwhelming masses which were, on the contrary,
decisively repulsed; if we had been compelled to evacuate Richmond as well as
Atlanta, the Confedera(;y would have remained as erect and defiantas ever. Nothing
could have been changed in the purpose of its Government, in the indomitable valor
of its troops, or in the unquenchal)le spirit of its people. The bafHed and disaji-
pointed foe would in vain have scanned the reports of your proceedings, at some new

254 JOURNAL OF THE [Nov. 7, 1864.

legislative seat, for any indication that progres.s had been made in his gigantic task
of conquering a free people. The truth, so patent to us, must ere long be forced upon
the reluctant Northern mind. There are no vital points on the preservation of
which the continued existence of the Confederacy de])ends. There is no military
success of the enemy which can accomplish its destruction. Not the fall of Richmond,
nor Wilmington, nor Charleston, nor Savannah, nor Mobile, nor of all combined,
can save the enemy from the constant and exhaustive drain of blood and treasure
which must continue until he shall discover that no peace is attainable unless based
on the recognition of our indefeasible rights.

Before leaving this subject, it is gratifying to assure you that the military supplies
essentially requisite for public defense will be found, as heretofore, adequate to our
needs; and that abundant crops have rewarded the labor of the farmer, and rendered
abortive the inhuman attempt of the enemy to produce, by devastation, famine among
the people.

It is not in my power to announce any change in the conduct of foreign pow-erg.
No such action has been taken by the Christian nations of Europe as might justly
have been expected from their history, from the duties imposed ])y international
law, and from the claims of humanity. It is charitable to attribute their conduct to
no worse motive than indifference to the consequences of a struggle which shakes
only the Republican portion of the American continent; and not to ascribe to design
a course calculated to insure the prolongation of hostilities.

No instance in history is renicmhered by me in which a nation pretending to
exercise dominion over another as.'Jerting its independence, has been the first to con-
cede the existence of such independence. No case can be recalled to my mind in
which neutral powers have failed to set the example of recognizing the independence
of a nation when satisfied of the inability of its enemy to subvert its government;
and this, too, in cases where the previous relation ])etween the contending parties
had been confe.'^sedly that of mother country and dependent colony; not, as in our
case, that of coecjual States united by federal compact. It has ever been considered
the proper function and duty of neutral powers to perform the office of judging
whether, in point of fact, the nation asserting dominion is able to make good its pre-
tensions l)y force of arms, and if not, l)y recognition of the resisting party, to dis-
countenance the further continuance of the contest. And the reason why this duty
is incuml)ent on neutral jioweis is plainly apparent, when we reflect that the pride
and passion which blind the judgment of the parties to the conflict cause the con-
tinuance of active warfare, and conseijuent useless slaughter, long after the inevitable
result has become apparent to all not engaged in the struggle. So long, therefore, as
neutral nations fail, by recognition of our indeiH'iidence, to announce that in their
judgment the United States are unal)le to reduce the Confederacy to submission, their
conduct will be accepted by our enemies as a tacit encouragement to continue their
efforts, and as an imjjlied assurance that belief is entertained l)y neutral nations in
the success of their designs. A direct stimulus, whether intentional or not, is thus
applied to securing a continuance of the carnage and devastation which desolate this
continent and which they i>rofess deeply to deplore.

The disregard of this just, humane, and Christian public duty by the nations of
Europe is the more ren)arkablc from the fact that authentic expression has long since
been given by the (iovermnents of both France an<l I'ngland to the conviction that
the United States are imahle to lonquer the Confederacy. It is now more than two
years since the (iovtrnment of France announced officially to the Cabinets of London
and St. Petersburg its own conclusion that tlie United States were unable to achieve
any decisive military success. In the answers sent by those powers no intimation of
a contrary opinion was convej^ed; and it is notorious that in speeches, both in and
out of Parliament, the members of Her Britannic Majesty's Government have not
hesitated to express this conviction in unqualified terms. The denial of our right,
under these circuin,«tances, is so obviously unjust, and discriminates so unfairly in
favor of the United States, that neutrals have sought to palliate the wrong, of which
they are conscious, by professing to consider, in opi)osition to notorious truth and to
the known belief of Ijoth belligerents, that the recognition of our indej^endence would
be valueless without their further intervention in the struggle, an intervention of
which we disclaim the desire and mistrust the advantage. We seek no favor; we
wish no intervention; we know ourselves fully competent to maintain our own rights
and inclependence against the invaders of our country; and we feel justified in assert-
ing that without the aid derived from recruiting their armies from foreign countries
the invaders would ere this have be(>n driven from our soil. When the recognition

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