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three times across under the paps; each time as usual under the invocation of the
Holy Trinity. It is only cows that have calved that are treated thus. Those not
calved are thus also treated thereafter, when calved.

( 2 ) This holy well and "Penitential Station," which are in the parish of Kilcummin,
barony of Magunihy, county Kerry, are thus alluded to by Lewis: — "On the southern
confines of the parish are two remarkable mountains, which, from their peculiar shape,
are called "the Paps," forming striking features in the mountain scenery on the road
from Killarney to Cork. At their base is an ancient fort or rath, near which is a holy
well resorted to by numbers of the peasantry on May Day." — Lewis' Topographical
Dictionary of Ireland, vol. ii. p. 78.



31 8 CORK HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY.

Killarney town, and which is known as TjobA\i CAtA)\i cftaob r>e4fi5,
i.e. "the well at the city of the red branch." Why it was thus called, (3)
and to whom this holy well is dedicated, I could not ascertain. Here a
large " patron " is held on each recurring May Day. Persons residing
at a distance journey to " the City Well " on April 30 (May Eve) that
they may have the water to give to their cattle on May Day, but for all
within a comeatable distance the "patron" is held on May Day itself.
Having taken the morning train to Rathmore on the Killarney line,
the pilgrims to " the City Well " there alight and trudge some four or
five miles in a southern direction to their destination, where, having
performed their devotions, and taken some of the water from the holy
well in bottles or a jar for home consumption, they commence the return
journey.

The manner of using the water from this holy well is peculiar. The
operator, who is generally the person who performs the pilgrimage, first
commences with the oldest cow in the bawn, after which he next takes
the youngest — be it cow, or heifer, or even weanling calf; after which all
the others are treated indiscriminately. Armed with a teaspoon, he first
drops three drops of the water into this (oldest) cow's right nostril, then
three similar drops into her right ear, after which three similar drops are
dropped into her mouth ; the invocation in each instance being the usual
one, " In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
Amen." Cattle treated in this way are said to be impervious to all
disease, even lung distemper of the most virulent type. The writer
knows many persons in Mid-Limerick and North Cork who every year
make a pilgrimage to " the City Well " and bring back, as recorded
above, the water in jars for their cattle.

In this month, consequent on the drying of the surface after the
spring rains, we often see the wind whirling the dust along the country
roads. Sometimes the dust (like a water-spout at sea) is sucked up into
a spiral shape, and then is danced along the road, and sometimes over
hedges and ditches across the fields. This is the much-dreaded I'l'ce
540)te/4) l e% "the whirlwind of the sidhe," which is supposed to be formed
by the dancing of the " good people," or the tramping of their invisible

(3) Cft4jb"6j45, " mortification," or C|t4]B'DJ5, "persons who mortify the flesh"
(O'Reilly's Dictionary), would seem to be the correct translation when applied, as in
this instance, to " a Penitential Station." If Father Lyons, whose contributions are
a feature in our Journal, could spare time to visit and describe this holy well and
station it would be appreciated, and add to our indebtedness for many and valuable
contributions.

(4) We are told, in the Pursuit of Diarmuid and Grainne, that the be4T)-e4cl4C,
i.e. "the female messenger," of Fionn went after the fugitives with "the speed of a
swallow or weasel, or "sidhe gaoithe," i.e. "like a blast of a sharp, pure-swift wind."

—Vide Transactions of the Ossianic Society, vol. iii, pp. 98, 99.



THE FOLK-LORE OF THE MONTHS. 319

steeds and the roll ol their (equally invisible) carriage wheels along
the roads in May. When the sidlie gaoitlie passes no one will dare look
after it, or speculate as to which lios or rath the invisible company are
journeying ; but the peasant quickly turns his back on it and says,
"Good luck to them, the ladies and gentlemen." Indeed it is thus,
with fear and respect, the Irish peasant always speaks of the sidhe.
If one is caught on the road by the sidJie gaoitlie he will quickly make
the sign of the cross, and call on his patron saint or guardian angel to
protect him. (s)

Ceol vo f)te, i.e. " the music of the sidhe" is that entrancing music
heard at a lios in May time, but somehow, like the caoi?ie, it always
betokens the death of some one, generally some young man or young
woman, and needless to add one very attractive both in appearance and
manners. Young women who die in child-bearing, especially in May, are
all " carried off by the good people " for nursing purposes in lios or rath.

All farm work is suspended on May Day, for under no circumstance
would any one " redden ground " on this day. Special care will also be
taken that no member of the family will "sleep out" (that is, fall asleep
near a fence or on the grass) in May, as such a person would be certain
to get " an aery (eerie) fit " for his transgression.

The 5th of May is the festival of a nameless saint who is known
as 2ln W5W bu)-6e 4 4)|ionj-'G4|tb, i.e. " the yellow (haired) daughter of
Dromtariff" ("the ridge of the bull"). The local tradition is that
SS. Lateerin of Cullin, Lassera of Killossory, in Kilmeen parish, and
this "yellow-haired daughter," were sisters who led an eremitical life in
those three respective and adjoining parishes in Duhallow. One night
the angels came down from heaven and made a -c6(\\]\. i.e. " .1 causeway,"
from Killossory to Dromtariff, and thence to Cullin, so that those holy
women might the more easily meet and converse with one another. The
" patron day " at Killossory is now discontinued, but a large "patron" is
still held at Dromtariff holy well on each recurring May 5. The locality
of " the yellow-haired daughter's" holy well — about one hundred and
fifty yards south of Dromtariff grave-yard and overlooking the majestic
Blackwater — is shown on the Ordnance Townland Maps for the county
Cork, sheet 31. I will allude to St. Lateerin of Cullin later on.

(5) "When the shee-geehy rolls its boding cloud,
And arrows unseen in vengeance fly;"

Supreme o'er the spirit of earth and sea,

When blessed Lateerin's name is spoken." — Edward Walsh.

( To be continued.)

MANANAAN Mai LlR.



320



CORK HISTORICAL AND ARCH/EOLOGICAL SOCIETY.



jiotes on the Council TJooK oj ClonaKilty,

Now in the possession of the Rev. J. Hume Towusetid, D.D.



Collected by DOROTHEA TOWNSHEND.
XII.




S will have been observed, there is a gap in the reports
of the Council Meetings of Clonakilty, between the
years 1730 and 1801. This gap is partially filled by
the reports of sessions of the peace dated from 1758
to 1782. In this latter year they were repeatedly
adjourned, and then seem to have ceased altogether
till revived in 1802, a few months after the Council
had begun to meet once more under Commander Townsend as recorder,
and the Rev. Horatio Townsend as sovereign.

It is probable that minor cases of assault may have been disposed of
by justices of the peace in their own houses, as a certain Cornelius
Twohig was indicted for assault in 1781, and there is no record of his
ever having been tried at all in Clonakilty. At that time the Rev.
Horatio Townsend seems to have managed affairs in the neighbourhood
of Clonakilty very much as he pleased, and probably he dispensed justice
without the aid of a jury.

From the reports of the sessions of the peace, we learn the names of
the sovereigns and deputy recorders during the years when the
Council did not sit, and also various curious details of town life in the
seventeenth century.

A good many quaint nicknames are given to distinguish men who
bore the same surnames. Dennis Driscoll is " otherwise Dearmoda,"
Tim Sullivan is " Buoig," one Dennis Donovan is surnamed " Glinny,"
and another " Marta."

The Rev. W. Ellis was sovereign in 1750. He was son of Robert
Ellis, and born in Dublin. He entered Trinity College as sizar 1707, and
was ordained deacon at Cloyne in 17 16. He was prebendary and vicar
of Island, vicar of Desert, Ardfield and Castle Ventry, and in 1724 vicar
of Rathbarry, Kilkerranmore and Kilgariffe. He married, in 17 10,
Judith, sister of the Rev. W. Martin, of Ballymodane, and had three
sons, William of Myrtlegrove, James and John.

Charles McCarthy was deputy-recorder at this time.

In 1764 Philip Townsend was sovereign, and in 1765 the Rev. John



NOTES ON THE COUNCIL BOOK OF CLONAKILTY. 32 I

Sullivan took the office and remained in it till 1779, when the reports
end. Thomas Morgan was deputy-recorder during these years.

The names of the Grand Jury are those with which we are already
familiar in entries of general sessions of the peace — Spiller, Pyne,
Morgan, Toy, Hea, etc. Occasionally the name of a neighbouring
country gentleman is found, as Mr. John Hungerford, Mr. Charles
Beamish, and Mr. Francis Townsend.

The Grand Jury, among other duties, had to arrange the market
prices of grain. In 1775 they presented that " the middle priced wheat
in said town and borrough is sold at forty shillings Irish the quarter,
oats at eight shillings the quarter, and barley at ten shillings the quarter
of like money." At another time it was presented that a great grievance
was done to the inhabitants of the town by the " vending turf in small
baskets," so that the buyers were ignorant of the quantity contained in
each, and in future the sellers should bring turf in the statute kish, and
every basket not containing half a statute kish should be burned by the
sergeants-at-mace.

An entry in 1761 tells that Lieutenant Maximilian Favier, of the
Royal Scots, took the oaths and subscribed the declaration appointed by
law. But it is not noted whether the oaths were those of a burgess. But
the greater number of the entries are summons for assaults. Serious crimes
were rare, and although the assaults are described in the most alarming
language, " did beat, batter, bloodshed and inhumanly strike," no serious
results seem to have followed. In 1765 two men were bound in £100
each to appear at the next and each assize to be held in Cork for the
space of one year, in case, a certain " Derby Donovan shall dye within
twelve kalander months of assault and wounds he received from the said
Virgil Johns, Henry Johns, and others." But Derby Donovan, far from
dying, lived to fight another day, and not long after was summoned,
"for that he did assault, strike, and knock down, Edward White, of
Ardford"; and further, when arrested, instead of going peaceably with
the constable, his friends rescued him, and there seems to have been a
grand general row.

In fact Clonakilty must have been a lively little town on market
days ; members of the grand jury occasionally took out cross-summonses
against each other for assaults, and the women of the town do not seem
to have been more peaceful than their husbands. These little battles
were generally punished by fines, although one very doughty champion
was sent to prison for two months ; and frequently the prisoners were
liberated on paying fees and making satisfaction to the injured person.

The reports give more than one instance of goods being rescued
from the sheriff, and there were one or two attempts at horse stealing,



32 2 CORK HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY.

but very few of petty thefts. When a theft did occur it was punished
ferociously. In January, 1774, Mary Dowe was indicted for stealing
two handkerchiefs of the value of tenpence sterling, and the unhappy
creature was sentenced to be whipped at the tail of a cart, three market
days successively.

Catherine Lordane was rather more fortunate. She was indicted
for that she was " detected in stealing and carrying away one bundle of
linen yarn value elevenpence," Not till two months later was she tried,
and then, although pronounced not guilty, she was to be kept in confine-
ment till she had paid her fees. If guilty, she would have been flogged
being innocent she was only imprisoned.

There is only one mention of a soldier among the assaults. Derby
Donovan, servant boy of Matthew Donovan of Letir, knocked down a
soldier named Thomas Annand, but the matter does not seem to have
been serious, much less political.

In fact, whatever excitement there may have been in other parts of
Ireland at the end of the last century, there is no traces of any political
disturbance or angry class feeling in Clonakilty. The only case in which
a man of better position appears as accuser was decided against him,
so there cannot have been much bribery or intimidation in the little
town. This was when Thomas, son of John Hungerford, summoned two
labourers for assaulting him with cudgels, and after the case had dragged
on for some time the prisoners were pronounced not guilty.

In March, 1802, the Rev. Horatio Townsend, sovereign, and Phil
Donovan, deputy recorder, held the sessions of the peace after a lapse
of twenty years from the last meeting. But the character of the town
had not altered, and one assault is the only case entered for trial. It
was brought before a jury the following month, but their verdict is not
recorded, and thus ends the Council and Sessions Book of Clonakilty.

{Concluded.)



CORK M.PS.



Cork jYLps, 1559-1800.



Being a Biographical Dictionary of the Members of Parliament for the
City, the County, and the Boroughs of the County of Cork, from the
earliest returns to the union.

By C. M. TENISON, B.L., M.R.I.A.

Southwell, William.

M.P. Kinsale, 1703-13; Castlemartyr, 17 13-14 ; Baltimore, 1715-19.

Third son of Richard Southzue/t, M.P., by Lady Elizabeth O'Brien, and grandson of"
Sir Thomas Southwell, first baronet, and said to be of the same family as the foregoing.

Was attainted by James II., 1689; an officer in King Williams army; a colonel,
1708; was in the Spanish wars, and distinguished himself; captain of the Battleaxe
Guards, 17 14 ; ll.d. (sp. gr.), t.c.d., 1718.

On his first election he and his colleague, Henry Hawlcy (o.v.), released the cor-
poration from all charges for his parliamentary services.

He married Lucy, daughter and co-heir of, William Bowen of Queen's County (she
died 25th August, 1733). He died 23rd January, 1719, leaving issue, six sons and nine
daughters. His elder brother, Sir Thomas, was ancestor of the present Viscount
Southwell.

Stannard, Eaton, of Tubber, Dublin.

M.P. Midleton, 1727 till his decease in 1755.

Son of George Stannard of Ballyhealy, county Cork, and descended from Robert
Stannard of Kilmallock, who married Martha, daughter of Sir Robert Travers, m.p. {ff.v.)

Sch., t.c.d., 1704; B.A., 1706; barrister-at-law; recorder of Cork, 1728 (the voting
on his appointment being — E. Stannard, 11 ; Hugh Dixon {q.'c'.), 7; Wm. Chartres, 2;
John Crone, 1), but did not accept the office, he being recorder of Dublin, and Hugh
Dixon was elected in his stead, and sworn in on 19th December, 1728. Stannard was
counsel for the defendant in the celebrated Anglesea peerage case, 1743 (see William
Harward, m.p.). He bore from the corporation of Cork to Dean Swift the box con-
taining the patent of freedom of the city conferred on the dean, 1737. He was one of
the executors of the dean's will.

He died 1755.

[Staunton, Miles. (Sir Miles, knt. qy.)

M.P. Cork County, 1380.
(See under Pomfreide, John.)~]

Stawell, Anthony, of Kilbrittain.

Elected for Kinsale 1725, but unseated.

Son of Jonas Stawell of Madden, by his first wife, and elder stepbrother of Jonas
Stawell, m.p. Kinsale, 1745-60(^.2/.).

He had the lands of Clohenasbeg and Carracroone under his grandfather Anthony's
will. Being elected M.P. for Kinsale, he was unseated as "mis-elected," having
obtained a majority by reason of votes of "pretended freemen," and Sir Richard
Meade {q.v.) was returned in his stead.



324 CORK HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY.

Stawell, Jonas, of Kilkearns.

M.P. Kinsale, 1692. /

Eldest son and heir of Anthony Stawell, who died iSth October, 1685, and of whose
will, dated the previous day, Richard Cox {q.v.) was one of the executors.

He was a burgess of Kinsale 1676. He is described in the contemporary diary of
a navy chaplain as one of the " two only fit men for Christian conversation in the
town, besides the rector, honest parson Tomms." The diarist describes Kinsale (1691)
as " a large filthy hole, that contains nothing good in it," and (he says) he " was glad
to leave so vile a place. '

Jonas Stawell was elected sovereign of Kinsale 1691, and M.P. 22nd Septem-
ber, 1692, when he and his colleague, Edward Southwell {q.v.), " did release the
corporation from all charges which they may claim by reason of their said services in
Parliament."

Stawell, Jonas, of Kinsale.

M.P. Kinsale, 1745-60.

Only son of Jonas Stawell of Madden, by Catherine Honner, his second wife, and
half-brother of Anthony Stawell, m.p. {q.v.)

He married, about 1730, Meliana, only child of John Allen, alderman of Cork, and
was father of Sampson Stawell of Kilbrittain. His male line is extinct ; the heiress
of line married William St. Leger Alcock, who took the name of Stawell, and is now
of Kilbrittain.

Sudley, Lord (Arthur Gore), afterwards Earl of Arran.

M.P. Baltimore, 1783-90.

Eldest son of Arthur, second Earl of Arran, by his first wife, Catherine, daughter of
Viscount Glerawly, and brother of Lady Catherine Gore, who in 1766 married
Sir John Evans Freke, m.p. {q.v.)

He was born 20th July, 1761 ; married, 29th December, 1787, Mary, eldest daughter
and co-heir of Sir John Tyrrell of county Essex.

He was returned in 1783 as M.P. for Donegal borough also, but sat for Baltimore.

Tonson, Richard, of Dunkettle.

M.P. Baltimore, 1727-60; 1761-68; 1769 till his decease in 1773.

Eldest son of Henry Tonson, by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard Hull, m.p. {q.v.)
He was born 6th January, 1695 ; devisee, 1718, of the estates of a Major Butler,
who was no relative, but left them to Tonson " because he (Butler) had known and
served with his grandfather in the civil wars of 1642"; freeman of Kinsale, 1719 ; sat
uninterruptedly for the borough for forty-six years. Was founder of Tonson's bank,
which was established in Paul Street, Cork, 12th May, 1768 {see my " Private
Bankers of Cork and the South of Ireland," Journal, vol. ii., 1st series, p. 9).

He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Tynlc, m.p. {q.v.), and had an only
daughter, who died unmarried ; he married secondly, Peniel, daughter of Colonel Gates,
and widow of Michael Becher, m.p. {q.v.), of Affadown, by whom he had no issue.

He died 24th June, 1773, devising his large estates to his natural son, Colonel
William Hull, afterwards Tonson {see next name).

Tonson, William (formerly William Hull, and afterwards Lord Riversdale.)

M.P. Rathcormick, 1776-83.

Said, in Gentleman 's Magazine, 1787, to have been an illegitimate son of Richard
Tonson, of Spanish Island, Cork, m.p. {q.v.), whose estates he inherited, and whose
name he took, and in whose kitchen he was employed as a menial in his youth. He,
after " abject importunity," obtained a peerage, being created Baron Riversdale in
1783. He was born 1724, and died 4th December, 1787.



CORK MPS. 325

He married, 1773 (after inheriting Richard Tonson's estates), Rose, eldest daughter
of James Bernard of Castle Bernard, m.p. {q.v.), and had issue seven sons, but never-
theless the title became extinct in 1861 on the death of the third lord (Ludlow, Bishop
of Killaloe), who was seventh son of the grantee.

He was lieutenant-governor of the county Cork, and a military officer; was a partner
also in Tonson's bank; M.P. also for Tuam as William Hull, 1769-73. and as William
Tonson (which name he took by royal licence 1773). '773-76.

Townsend, Bryan, of Castle Townsend.

M.P. Clonakilty, 1695-99.

Second son of Richard Townsend, m.p. {q.v.).

Was a cornet of horse under Lord Orrery; afterwards went into the navy and
became commander of the "Swiftsure."

He married, 1680, Mary, daughter of Dr. Synge, bishop of Cork, and had issue,
nine sons and four daughters.

Townsend, John.

Elected for Castlemartyr and Doneraile, and sat for the latter 1797- 1800.

Second son of Richard Townsend, of Castle Townsend, and grandson of the fore-
going. Resided at Shepperton, near Sibbereen, and his town house was in Grafton
Street. Appointed a commissioner of the revenue, February, 1800, and re-elected.

lie married, 1769, Mary, daughter of Jonas Morn's, of Bailey Hill, and had issue.

He died 4th August, 1810. He was grandfather of the late Judge Townsend (or
Townshend, as he chose to spell the name) of the Admiralty Court.

Townsend, Richard, or Castle Townsend.

M.P. Baltimore, 1661.

The patriarch of the Cork Townsends ; supposed to be of English origin ; an officer
in the Irish Army under Lord Inchiquin ; was at the battle of Knockanass, near
Mallow, 1647; made prisoner for offering to join the Parliament side in 1649, and on
his release sailed for New Ross to meet Cromwell, and meeting him at Dungarvan
handed to him the keys of Cork ; a purchaser and grantee of forfeited lands, including
Castle Townsend ; commanded the Carbery militia, 1666 ; high sheriff Cork county,
1671. He died July, 1692, leaving issue. {Sec Bryan Townsend.)

Townsend, Richard, of Castle Townsend.

M.P. Cork County, 1759-60; 1761-68; 176S-76; 1776-83.

Eldest son of Richard Townsend, of Castle Townsend, by Elizabeth, daughter of
Henry Becker, M.P. (</-v.). and brother of John Townsend (q.v.)

High sheriff county Cork, 1753; colonel of county Cork militia.

He married, 1752, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John Fitzgerald, of Castlemore,
county Kerry (afterwards Knight of Kerry), and granddaughter of Joseph Deane, M.P.
{q.v. ), and had issue, an only son, Richard Boyle Townsend, m.p. lor Dingle.

Travers, James,

M.P. Baltimore, 1634.

Travers, Sir Robert, knt.

M.P. Clonakilty, 1634 ; 1 639.

Registrar of the Diocese of Cork, 162S. Killed at the battle of Knockanass, near
Mallow, 1647.

He married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Boyle, bishop of Cork, and had issue
a son, Richard, and a daughter, Martha, who married, first, Captain Robert Stannard
(ancestor of Eaton Stannard, m.p. {q.v.), and secondly, Sir Richard Aldworth.



326 CORK HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY.

Tynte, Sir Henry, of Roxhall {i.e. Wraxall), Somersetshire.

M.P. County Cork, 1661.

Son of Sir Robert Tynte, of Ballycrenane (who is buried in Kilcredan Church, M.I.),
by a daughter of Sir Edward Harris, m.p. (q.v.), and grandson of Edward Tynte, of
Wraxall; was knighted 30th December, 1660, being then of " Ballycrevan."

He fled to England in the troubles of 1688, his estate being then valued at ^500
a year.

He married Mabella, daughter of Sir Piercy Smith, of Ballynatray, and had issue,
of whom Catherine married Lawrence Claytoti, m.p. {q.v.)

Tynte, James, of Old Bawn, Dublin, and Dunlavin, county Wicklow.

M.P. Rathcormick, 1715-27; Youghal, 1727, till his decease in 1758.

Son of William Worth, baron of the Exchequer (I.), by Mabel, fourth daughter of Sir
Henry Tynte, m.p. {q.v.), and assumed the name of Tynte on inheriting the estate of
that family. High sheriff county Cork, 171 1 ; a privy councillor; m.p. also for Carys-
fort, 1727. Died, 1758, having married Hester Bulkeley, descended from Archbishop
Bulkeley, to whose property she became heiress on the death s.p.m. of Sir Richard
Bulkeley. Tynte bequeathed his estates to Robert Tynte, barrister-at-law.

Tyrry, David, of Cork.

M.P Cork City, 1613.

Son of Alderman Stephen Tyrry, of Cork.

Was an alderman ; mayor of Cork, 1608, 1614; common speaker, 1624; fined £$0
in 1606 by the Lord Justices for refusing to attend Divine Service in the Reformed
churches. It was ordered by the Corporation, nth March, 1613, that he shall " have,
as Burgess, per diem so much allowance as Mr. James Gallway, Burgess of Limericke,
hath from that Corporation, and that to be deducted from the ^50 now to be given
him towards these occasions." It was further ordered (27th September, 1615) that he
be paid at the rate of ten shillings per day for his expenses, but this order was after-
wards cancelled. He had a son, David.

(A David Tyrry who was Mayor 1627-8 was not the M.P.)

Tyrry, Edniond, of Cork.

M.P Cork City, 1613.

Son of Edmond Tyrry of Cork. Was an alderman ; mayor of the city, 1604 ; he (or his



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