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Preston, gentleman, is also a well delineated work. " Christ bles-
sing little children," erected —

" To the glory of God, in gratitude for many blessings
during twenty years residence in Lancaster. E. G. Hornby, 1857."

"The Creation," in memory of William Whewell, D.D..
inserted by his sister in 1866 is a window by Messrs. Clayton & Bell,
London ; "The Resurrection," by Edward Chippendall, in memory
of his mother, 1858 ; and " Six subjects from the Old Testament,"
in memory of Charlotte Augusta Gladstone, 1859, are all worth
the visitor's inspection. " : Peter's escape from Prison," in memory
of George Hornby, of Dalton Hall, 1855; "The Annunciation,
Temptation, and the Interment of Christ," in memory of the Rev.
Joseph Turner, 26 years vicar of this parish, viz., from 1844 to
1870. * In the north aisle are the following specimens of paintings
on glass : — -" The Doubting of Thomas," in memory of Mrs. Henri-
etta Harrison, erected by her daughter; "The Adoration of the
Magi," in memory of George Richard Marton, of Capernwray
Hall, is thus labelled : —

* ( This -window is by Burkhardt and is a copy of Raphael's painting
in the Vatican at Rome.



22 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



"Erected to the memory of George Richard Marton, of
Capernwray, late Lieutenant Colonel 6th or Inniskilling Dragoons,
who died a.d. 1834, and of Anne Pocklington, of Chelsworth, his
wife, who also died a.d. 1834, by their only son, a.d. 1857.

" Scenes from the life of St. John the Baptist," in memory of
Joseph Dockray, who died in 1855 ; "The Transfiguration," in
memory of George Marton and Sarah, his wife, placed here by
their son and daughter. A very good window is "The Good
Samaritan," in memory of William Storey, who died in 1880.

There was until 1825 a pew immediately below the pulpit
styled Noah's Ark. This pew belonged in the year named to John Fell
and William Maychell, Esqrs., with some eight other persons.
They requested that the pew which had been removed to the vestry
door, should be replaced in its original position or that each owner
should receive compensation. The sum of thirty shillings was paid
to each one instead of restoring the pew to its first site. I may add
that there used to be in a little gable at the east end of the north
aisle a " Sanctus " bell, but it was taken down about seventy years
ago, and now does duty of a more secular nature at one of the Lan-
caster factories. — O temporal O mores!

The old altar-piece of Cedar wood and of Italian design is now
at Capernwray Hall.

The remains of the Dukes of Hamilton have all been removed
to the mausoleum, near Hamilton Palace, in Scotland. The family
vault used to be on the east side of the pulpit.



Parish Registers.

The Registers of St. Mary's Church are full of interesting
entries, and my best thanks are due to the Rev. Dr. Allen for his
great kindness in permitting me to see the same and extract various



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 2



.•>



items from them. The first few pages are of parchment, and above
the heading of one is this date — "September 26th, 1659," then,
after the word " Emanuell," comes the following notification :—
"This Register Bookee was begun for ye p'she of Lancaster in this
year of the raigne of our gracious souveraigne Ladye Queen Eliza-
beth ffortie one and in the veare ot our salvation one thousand and
five hundred and nynetie nyne Gefferson Braithyett beinge the maior
of this corporation the same year, Thomas Porter the vicar of the
church and Richard Townson his minister.



Churchwardens.

William Burton, Rich. Gotson, Thomas Carter, Thomas
Saule, William Crosfeld, and William Balderstone.

Bailiffs of the Towne.

William Partington of the Highe Croffte and Thomas
Medcalfe."

The Burials appear first, viz: from January 10th, 1627 to
January 21st, 1690; then come Baptisms from April 8th 1599 to
August, 1648; and Marriages from April 14th, 1599 to April 19th,
1653 ; Marriages by the Justices from September, 1653 to May 9th,
1655. Then Baptisms from September 3rd, 1648 to August 2Sth,
1675, Marriages from May 23rd, 1661 to February 5th, 1675, from
February 3rd, 1679 to April 21st, 1686, and from February 15th,
1689 to December 20th, 1690; Baptisms again occur from August
1st, 1675 to January 18th, 1690; Burials from April 10th, 1599 to
November 20th, 1627 (the year commences on March 25th) ; Burials
from December, 1677 to December, 1679 are missing ; Marriages
from May 7th, to May 23rd, 1661, from February 5th, 1675 to
February 3rd, 1679, an< i from April 21st, 1686 to February 15th,
1689 are missing. There are two Marriages written in after Febru-
ary, 1687 ; Baptisms dated December 29th, 1660, and January i th,
1 66 1.



24



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER



Note by the Clearke, Baptisms, April, 1669. — " If any bee
omitted that have been baptised att home and not knowne to the
Clearke." (This sentence is incomplete).

It appears that in March, 1608, the Chapel Wardens for
" Poulton, Torrisholne and Bare, Alcliffe, Eshton, and Wiresdale "
were respectively Thomas Robinsonne, John Harrison, Edward
Smith and William Lambe. The Churchwardens for Lancaster in
1 64 1 were George Harrisonne, Walter Banks, Robert Harrisone,
Thomas Gotson or Jackson, Thomas Smith and I. Cuthson or Hoth-
ersal. On another page the registers of Burial commence with this
paragraph : — " Here beginnethe the names of all those p'sons as have
beene buryed in this Church or Churchyard since the Vth day of
ffebruarie 1627." From the burials I extract the following names.
The figures representing day or date of month are in many cases too
indistinct to enable me to give them with a feeling of certainty as to
their correctness.



Among the earlier entries I
wait and John Heysham.

March, 1627. —

William Singleton hi Thomae.

sepult.
May, 1628. —

J. Chambers sepult.
August, 1628. —

John Birkett filiusjohannis, sepult

Elizab. Caton, relicta Willus sepult
February, 1629. —

Isabel! Kellet filia Ilugonis Kellet
December, 1630. —

Mary Chippendale 111 Thomae . .
November, 1632. —

Randall Kellet Alius Hugonis Kel-
let.
July, 1633.—

Geoffrey Heysham.
August, 163.3. —

Richard Cornfurth, hi. Thomae

sepult.
September, 1634. —

Edmund Covell, gentleman.
Octoba, 1634. —

Willus Townley filius Ricardus



notice the names of John Braith-



February, 1634 (Sic)

VV Richard Troughton.
March, 1634. —

Agness Christoferson sone of Ed-
mund.
September, 1635. —

Eliz. Hathornthwait filia Jacobi

sepult Margaret Bond.
December, 1635. —

Mary Lodge filia Thomae.
January, 1635. —

Roger Higham.
September, 1638. —

John Lambe fil. Thomae
May, 1639. -

Robert filius John Bentham.
July, 1641.—

Isabell ux Robti Stout.
April, 1644. —

Thomas Iliggins.
February, 1644. —

Eliz. Kinge ux Thomae Kinge de

Lane, sepult
December, 1647. —

Rog. Croft of Skotforth.



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



25



The regesteringe of burialls according to the Act in force
after the 29th of September. George Eskrigg of Lancaster being
chosen Register by the consent of the parrishe and sworn for that
purpose by George Toulenson Esq Justice of the peace the 19th day
l6 53-



May, 1653.—

Jeffery Mashiter of Orton the 28th.
May, 1656. —

Richard sonne of John West of

Overton.
September, 1656. —

John Beckitt of Bailrigg, buried on

the first.
October, 1656. —

George Eskrigge of Lancaster on

the 5th (Registrar) succeeded by

William Newton of Lancaster who

was sworn by William West, Esq.

18th October 1656.
May, 1657. —

Ann, daughter of John Bracken of

Eshton.
November, 1657. —

Margaret Bracken of Oureton,

widow.
January, 1657.—

Robert sonne of William Lambe

of Lancaster.
March, 1658. —

John Hathornthwaite of Tarnbeck.
June, 1661. —

Tenet Sands til. George de Scot-

forth.
July, 1663.—

Thomas Townley sepult vvvij.
February, 1663. —

Richard Kellet.
March, 1663. —

William Housman.
March, 1665. —

John Hathornthwaite of Ling-

moore, .... 10th.
April, 1665. —

Richard Hathornthwaite of Wires-
dale, .... 5th.
November, 1666. —

Maria Sands fil. George of Lan-
caster.



April, 1668.—

Margaret Higgin tilia George of

Bulke, ...- 23rd.
January, 1668. —

Isabel Hewetson ux Gawen of

Lancaster on the 23rd.
March, 1669. —

John Baldwin fil. Henry of Lan-
caster, on the nth.
January, 1673. —

Jenat, filia John Bond of Skerton
. . . 31st.
April, 1674. —

Thomas Lodge of Skerton on the

29th.
May, 1676.—

Thomas Hathornthwaite, de Wires-
dale. . . . 1 2th.
September, 1679. —

William Allanson de Scotforth.
August, 1682. —

Margaret Bracken of Bailrigge.

• , 15th.
September, 1683. —

Ruth Eskrigge of Lancaster
December, 1683. —

Dorothy Troughton de Lancaster

.... 3rd.
December, 1683. —

James Fell of Burrow on the 28th.
February, 1684.—

Adam Rawlinson a prisoner.
June, 1687. —

William Boardley of Skerton on

the 4th.
November, 1688. —

Wife of John Bond of Skerton on

the first.
August, 1688.—

Edward Covell of Heaton on the

20th.



The Baptisms are headed thus : —

"1599. Emanuell J 599-

The true register ol all the names of those p'sons baptised in the



26



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



parishe of Lancaster from the 18th daye of Aprill last beinge Easter
Daye Anno Dom. 1599 in ye ffortie first yeare of ye raigne of our
most gracious souveraigne Lady Queene Elizabeth."



August, 1620. —

Eliz. fflemminge filiaEdwardi bapt.

cci.
July, 1633.—

William Sandes filius Randal.



June, 1639. —

William Sandes filius Randal.

March, 1646. —

Hugh Kellet fil ^Hugh of Lan-
caster baptized on the 21st



Marriages are headed in like manner-
1599. Emanuell






!599-



The true register of all the names of those p'sons who have been
married in the Parish Church of Lancaster between the 8th daye of
April last beinge Easter Day, Anno Dom. 1599 in and in the ffortie
first yeare of the raigne of our most gracious souveraigne Lady Queen
Elizabeth."



November, 1639. —

Alexander Bagot to Jane Holme.

Februarie ye 3rd, 1648, —

ffrancis Bindlose, Esq. , married
Elizabeth West, eldest daughter to
ye Right Honourable Henry, Lord
Delamere.



Februarie ye 3rd, 1648. —

Christopher Townson son of Clem-
ent Townson to Isabel daughter of
Michael Pooley of Addington.

John Higgin of Lancaster to Jennett
Flyne or Slyne on the 27th of
March, 1654.



There are various entries regarding particular events, collec-
tions, &c. One of these is as follows : —

" Collected towards the releefe of Heddon, in Yorkshire,
within ye p'she church of Lancaster, the 6th day of March, 1658, the
sum of one pound ffive shillinges and one penny by us whose names
are subscribed.

George Tompkin.

Thomas Diconson.

Edward Marshall.

William Marshall.

and Others."



There are many Garnets, Rawlinsons, Jacksons,Cornthwaites,
Woodroughs, Capsticks, Parkinsons, and Masheters. Most of these
old names are to be met with to-day in Lancaster and vicinity. It



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



-7



is obvious, however, that the utility of many of the pages of the
register will be destroyed if they are not promptly transcribed, for
time is rendering them almost undecipherable. Here are a few
more baptisms : —



Jnne 2nd, 1694. —

Margaret, daughter of George

Washington.
June 15th. —

fane, daughter of Charles Rigby.
March 8th, 1795. —

Catherine, daughter of Henry

Bracken, of Lancaster.
October 31st, 1697. —

Henry, son of Henry Bracken, of

Lancaster.

In the Church V'ard, on the west side of the Vestry, is this
stone inscribed thus : —



June 22nd, 1794. —

William, son of fohn and Betty
Whewell. (Dr. Whewell).

May 26th, 1799.—

Martha, daughter of John and
Betty Whewell, of Lancaster; (she
married John Statter, of Bolton-
le-Sands. )



A.D. 1828
THIS DEPOSITORY

FOR

Wills, Registers, <St°c., was erected at the. expense of this parish in
lieu of one relinquished in the Church.



The Right Reverend JOHN BIRD SUMNER, D.D., Lord
Bishop of this Diocese.
BENJAMIN KEENE, Esq., Registrar
The Rev. JOHN HEADLAM, A.M., Archdeacon.
The Rev. JAMES THOMAS LAW, A.M., Commissary.
WILLIAM SHARP, Esq., Deputy Registrar.

Mr. JOHN HARGREAVES, Churchwarden.
DAVID LOWTHER, Builder.



of the

Arch

deaconry

of
Richmond.



The ancient Church of Lancaster looks very much like a
grand cathedral. Its length is 145 feet, its width 58*^ feet, and its
form that of a parallelogram. Situated, as it is, so adjacent to the
Castle, it naturally receives numerous visits from the parties of
tourists who flock to Lancaster, Morecambe, and Ingleton during
the summer months. The sacred building stands on a great emi-



2 8 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER



nence, and its burial ground joins the Castle Parade and forms a
most attractive rendezvous for those who love a broad view of the
country. To the north-west is the main line of the Lancaster and
Carlisle Railway, from which passengers may catch a glimpse of the
fine tower facing the line and rising to an altitude of 140 feet. The
Churchyard slopes down to the railway and is very spacious, having
been enlarged many years back. It is almost in the form of a
mitre. The ancient boundary would, doubtless, be near to the point
where the Roman or Saxon road crossed from the meadow on the right.
The old shrine of death is full of interest. Within its keeping lie the
remains of the mother of Leigh Richmond, author of " The Dairy-
man's Daughter " and other religious works. The epitaph to her
memory is as follows : — " Sacred to the memory of Catherine Rich-
mond, widow of Henry Richmond, M.D., formerly of Liverpool, and
late of the city of Bath, and daughter of John Atherton, Esqre., of
Walton Hall, in this county, who departed this life January 30th,
1819, in her 84th year." Very feelingly did the gifted and pious son
allude in one of his books to the last resting-place of his mother
under the shades of a broad sycamore tree. On the main flag-way is a
tombstone worn and almost undecipherable covering the mortal relics
of one Matthew Washington, who died in the year 1729, and who was
probably a relative of the Rev. Thomas Washington, of Warton, the
last of the Washingtons of Warton, and among whose forefathers or
ancestral kin were John and Lawrence Washington, the former of
whom was the progenitor of the first President of the United States,
There is on a stone in Warton Churchyard the name of " Mrs. Eliza-
beth Washington," with the date June 15th, 1757. (A Rev.
Thomas Washington died on the 7th of February, 1823, and was
interred at Warton). Passing along, we come to a stone bearing
the name Sanderson, beneath that of Heysham, and the William
Sanderson, engraved thereon, who died January 20th, 1848, aged
44, was a local poet, whose works, strange to say, irrespective
of their merits, are very difficult to obtain.

To Ann, wife of William Talbot Rothwell, of Foxholes, is a
rather prominent memorial, consisting of an altar tomb, upon which



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 29



is a recumbent figure of a female. Unfortunately, the nose and
feet of the effigy had been damaged, apparently by sacrilegious per-
sons previous to the enclosure of the tomb and figure by means of
iron railings ; but these features have been restored. The monument
had quite a spoiled appearance in consequence of the chipping its
parts have undergone. The Society for the Preservation of Ancient
Tombs must have much work in store for it since modern tombs not
being allowed to depreciate in regard to art by the hand of time are
rudely tampered with by malice or idiocy in many of our old " God's-
acres." To the memory of one Sarah Whittaker, who died Septem-
ber 20th, 1837, aged 77, is this inscription : —

She liveth in holiness,
She died without pain,
She will rise in glory.

A small old flag with the name of Rauthmell thereon

reminded one of the author of "The History of Overborough," (now
called Burrow, the ancient Bremetonacas of the Romans), the Rev.
Richard Rauthmell, of Kirkby Lonsdale, whose work is quoted in
Simpson's Lancaster, p. 60, and who may have been allied to the
remains interred in this place. There is also another Rauthmell
grave commemorating three infants, viz., Robert, Charles, and Sarah
Rauthmell, the earliest death record thereon being November 22nd
1793. The name of Whewell also figures on the same stone.

Two beautiful poetical tributes to the dead I must be pardoned
for re-producing. The first is to a Jane Ryding who died October
6th, 1845, aged 85 :—

Farewell lov'd guardian of my youthful breast
Now past the reach of sorrow to molest,
Who can forget thy tenderness so kind,
I still have much to bring it to my mind ;
Farewell ; enter the joys of bliss divine,
And wear a crown of glory ever thine.

The second is equally pathetic, and refers to a person named
Annie Clough, who died on the 30th March, 1840, aged 22 years
(the first quatrain refers to some other relative).



3© TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER



The conflict past, the spirit now is fled,

And Isabella's numbered with the dead,

Bnt hark ! though dead, methinks I hear her voice,

" Weep not for me, my friends, rejoice, rejoice ! "

lov'd lost Annie, thou no more
Behold'st the burning tears I shed,

How vain the grief that lingers o'er

The coffin of the dreamless dead.
Vet I must weep, no fate can stay

The waves of woe that o'er me roll ;
No hand can pluck the veil away

Which hides the light that bless'd my soul.

Still, Annie, since I know thee blest,
For thee I must not dare to weep,

1 only long to share thy rest,

Thy graceful couch, thy endless sleep,
Though my soul's hope hung on thy breath

Thou to so bright a world art gone,
I would not wake thee, sweet, from death,

Though lov'd in life sleep on, sleep on !

The foregoing- stanzas seem to have been composed specially
by some true lover of the departed one. A few other epitaphic notes
demand attention. One on the south side of the Church is to this
effect : — " Sacred to the memory of Alexander Stevens, Architect,
In private life much respected and lamented. The many public
works executed by him, especially the Aqueduct over the River Lune,
are the best encomium of his professional merit. He died January
29th, 1796, aged 66." Inserted in the wall on the north side of the
Churchyard is the following tablet: — "Sacred to the memory of
Elizabeth Margaret, the dearly beloved wife of John Manby, Vicar of
Lancaster, who died March 21st, 1821, aged 39. Also of John
Manby, instituted vicar of this parish 1807, who died February 13th,
1844." A very large vault contains the remains of a former member
of Parliament for the borough of Kidderminster. On the stone slab
or rather slate let into the pyramid are these words : — " Sacred to the
memory of Richard Godson, of Grosvenor Place, London, and
Springfield Hall, Lancaster, Member of Parliament for the Borough
of Kidderminster, Queen's Counsel and Bencher of Lincoln's Inn,
died August 1st, 1849, aged 52. Also Mary, his wife, only sister of
Henry Hargreaves, Esq., of Springfield Hall, who died in London,



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 31



December 14th, 1873, a g" e d 69." Another slab commemorates
" Henry Hargreaves, Esq., of Springfield Hall, Deputy Lieutenant
and Magistrate for this county, died November 23rd, aged 37 years,"
and another large memorial appears near to the tomb of one of
Lancaster's greatest friends. It is the tomb of the Ripleys. Its
inscription reads thus : — " In memory of Thomas Ripley, who was
born in Lancaster on the nth October, 1790, and who died in Liver-
pool, August 20th, 1852 ; also of Julia Ripley, widow of the above
Thomas Ripley, who died February 2nd, 1881, aged 76 years." This
Julia Ripley was the foundress of the Hospital for Orphans on the
southern side of the town, which bears her name, and is a noble
building not far from the Royal Albert Asylum. Another stone is to
be seen to the memory of a very promising artist who died in the
month of November, 1852, the stone being erected by his pupils as a
mark of their esteem for his worth. Interments in the Churchyard
ceased about the year 1862. A very old stone is an upright
one at the west end of the Church and near to the Tower ; it is
scarcely readable, but the name, Pennington, is very easily traced ;
the Christian appellation is, however, all but gone. It seems to be, or
rather to have been, " Susanna." This stone dates from the 18th
century. Not far from this spot is the old pedestal of the sun-dial,
but the dial plate has entirely gone and a new one is the desidera-
tum of the hour. The antiquity of St. Mary's Church and
Churchyard is established by the fact that the Lancaster Runes have
evoked the interest of some of the most eminent men in England
and Denmark. The Runic names discovered on an ancient Danish
cross found in 1807, and said by Dr. Whitaker to stand for five
chiefs, " Ubbo, Aikfreth, Reafan, Siffred, and Druimond," go far
towards strengthening the conjecture that a Church stood here
during the time of Knut or Canute. When the cross was first discov-
ered it was placed, by order of the then vicar, near the entrance to the
vicarage. Sometime afterwards it found its way to Todhunter's
Museum, Kendal, afterwards it went to Manchester (1835), was
removed thence to University College, London, and lastly we find
that it was generously given by the council of the said college to the
Natural History Society's Museum, Manchester, where it is now



32



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER



carefully preserved in a glass case. There is a plaster cast of the
cross in the Lancaster Museum. Since Dr. Whitaker's time the
letters have been defined as representing- the following intimation : —
" Gibih^th Far/e Cynibalth Cuthb^nac," " Gibi hath died, a
kinsman of Balth (or of a bold race), known to camps, (or experts
in the field)." Professor Finn Magnusen made out the characters
as " Gibidon Faro Cunibald Cuss Burmn." In Latin thus ren-
dered — " Oremns nancisci (obtincre) quietem Cunibaldum (bene)
notum castri ( civ i tat is) incolam civem out 4>rcefectu?n " " Let us
pray that Cunibald, a renowned inhabitant of the Castle, may
obtain rest." The above readings were all given on the supposition
that the names were Danish. John Mitchell Kemble, Esq., the
well-known Anglo-Saxon scholar, intimated that the characters
were " Gibid^eth For^e Cynibalth Cuthberht, (Ing^:)." "Pray
for Cynibald and Cuthbert," or " Pray for Cynibald the son of
Cuthberht." But the conclusions arrived at by Mr. John Just, of
Bury Grammar School, after careful examination of this rare Anglo-
Saxon Runic inscription is now held to be the most correct, allowing,
of course, for the mutilation of the last two letters on the cross —
" Gibiddeth Fore Cynibalth Cuthburuc." " Pray ye for Cynibald
Cuthburuc." (See Baines, vol. ii, p. 553.) Dr. Whitaker believed
Aikfreth was the lord of Dent and Sedbergh. But the doctor is said
to have been misled by the errors of a draughtsman in his explana-
tion of the characters on this cross.

Against the north wall of the Chancel and near the approach
to the vicarage, are several old headstones to the memory of a
family named Foster. The letters are raised as per specimens
given : —

HERE . LYETH



HERE . LYES
INTERRED
THE . BODY
OF . THOMAS
FOSTER . FR
EE . BURGS
SE . OF . LANC
ASTER . WHO
DEPARTED
THIS . LIFE
THE . 22 . DAY
OF . JUNE
1675.



THE. BODY . OF
ELIZABETH
FOSTER . W
IFE . OF . THO
MAS . FOSTE
R . OF . LANCA
STER . WHO . D
IED . THE . 27
OF , SEPTEM
BER 1676



HERE . LYES . THE
BODY . OF . THOM
AS . FOSTER . AND
THE. BODY. OF. NA
THAN . FOSTER .
OF . LANCASTER
WHO. DIED. DECEM
BER . 23 . 1671 .
D . APRIL . THE
H . 1672



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



0.5



Full date of the third inscription cannot be given owing to
the stone being broken at the left corner of the base. Another
stone bears upon it a full length cross. Inserted in the Vestry Wall
are portions of two stone coffins, the one of adult size having
evidently been occupied by a Crusader.

Among other graves are those of the Bagots, Brockbanks,

Baldwins, Charnleys, Capsticks, Croudsons (from 1759) Crofts,

Eidsforths of Aldcliffe, Hadwens, Jepsons, Kendalls, Loxams,

Minshulls, Robinsons, Shepherds, Walmsleys, Wakefields, and

Wadesons. One Jepson tomb bears the following inscription :—

" Here lyeth interred
Capt. Lieut. Edward Jepson,
of Lancaster, who dyed
the 17th day of April, 1671."



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