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lime to time accrue due from and be contributed to your said Lodge or the meml
thereof. to the Fund of Charity and other Grand Fund of the said Society. And
lastly, I will and require yon the said James Smith, Stephen Winder, and Thomas
Mackerall, as soon as conveniently may bi to send an account in writing of )
proceedings under and by virtue oi this my Warrant of < Constitution. Recommending
to you and the rest of the brethren the cultivation of the Royal
keeping in view the three grand principles of our Order -Brotherly Love, Relief,
and Truth.

Given at London under the < .real Seal ol Masonry, and also under my I
and seal the thirteenth day of November, A.L. 5789, A.D. 17S0.

Inc. Ai 1.1.N, Pro. Gr. Ma.
Wm. 1 1 all. Dep. P.G.M.

\V.\i. Hislop, P.G. Sec.

From the Lancaster Masonic Calendar, for 1890, I glean the
following- interesting particulars : — " Before the Lodge of Fortitude

was founded, the nearest* Lodges (Masonic) to Lancaster were the
LInion Lodge, Kendal, 17(14, held at the White Hart, and the Amity
Lodge, Preston, 1767, held at the White Horse. In 1789, the
Lodge of Fortitude received its warrant. In 17115, the Chapter of
Universality was attached to the St. John's Lodge, whose warrant
dates from the 20th March. 1795. On the 17th July. 1822, the
Chapter of Universality, 527, was attached to the Lodge of Fortitude.
It became extuict about 1844.

On the 27th December, 1822, the Rev. Joseph Rowley joined

the Lodge ot Fortitude, and in May, [824, Stewards were first
appointed. On the 24th June, [836, the first meeting was held of
the encampment of the Red Cross Knights oi Babylon, attached to
the Lodge of Fortitude. (The last meeting held was on the 28th
October, 1841). On the 28th June, 1838, the Lancaster Brethren
walked in procession to the Town Hall, in honour of Her Majesty's
Coronation. In September, 1838, the Lodge oi' fortitude removed

* I am informed that there was a Lodge at Garstang older than these.


to t ho Sun Inn, and on the ioth of July, in the following" year,
Brother Barwick presented a copy of the Holy Bible to this Lodge.
On the toth February, 1840, the foundation stone of St. Thomas's
Church was laid with Masonic honours. Next, 1 note that on the
16th October, 1849, Mrs. Hutton presented to the Lodge of
Fortitude the portrait of her brother, Brother Foxcroft.

On the 3rd March, 1805, the Rowley Eodge was consecrated,
and during the same year a Bible was presented to the newly
established Lodge by ?vliss Rowley. In February, 1867, the apron
worn by the late Brother J. Rowley, (at his death the oldest Mason
in England), was presented to the Lodge, and it is now used at the
installation of each W.M. On June 17th, 1868, the foundation
stone of the Royal Albert Asylum was laid with Masonic honours,
and in the October, of the same year, a silver snuff box was
presented to the Lodge of Fortitude by Brother Lewis H. Isaacs,
son of Isaac Isaacs. On the 1 8th December, 1808, the Red Rose
of Lancaster Conclave, No. 12, was inaugurated, and on the 15th
March, 1869, the Rowley, R.A. Chapter was consecrated. On the
gth November, 1870, Brother J. D. Moore presented to the Lodge
of Fortitude, an Album to contain portraits of all the P.M's. of the
Lodge. On the [6th March, 1871, the Duke of Lancaster Lodge
was consecrated, and on the 26th of the following month, in the
same year, Brother |. D. Moore, M.D. was appointed Grand Sword
Bearer of England. Brother Prosser presented a pair of handsome
Gloves to the Lodge of Fortitude, on the 3rd of December, 1871.
On the 29th of December, same year, the Prov. G. Chap. R.A. was
held in the Rowley Chapter, Lancaster, and on the 12th September,
1872, the Moore Mark Lodge was consecrated; and on January
2nd, 1874, the Philip's R.C. Chapter was consecrated. The
Morecambe Lodge was consecrated on the 26th October, 1875. On
August 9th, 1876, Brother A. K. Allanson was elected Tyler; and
on the 26th March, 1878, a dinner was given in honour of Brother
Moore, at which a handsome testimonial was presented to him in
recognition of his services as Secretary to the Rowley Lodge. On
the 29th December, 1879, Brother E. Cardwell presented to the


Lodge of Fortitude, a Silver Square and Compasses. On the [5th

March, 1880, Lord Stanley, of Preston (then the lion. F. A. Stanley
M.P.), was installed M.E.Z. of the Rowley Chapter. Three gilt
sceptres for the use of the Principals were presented to this Chapter
by this gentleman on the [6th oi' August, 1880 On the 4th of
October, 1880, Brother J. D. Moore, P.M., P.G.S.B., England,
presented a portrait o\ himself to the Row ley Lodge, and on the
29th of April, 1882, the portrait oi the late Rev. J. Rowlej was
presented to the Lodge by Miss Rowley. On the 9th oi' January,
1883, brother Hannah on leaving the chair oi' the Rowley Lodge
presented to it a very handsome silver cup. On the 27th of Decem-
ber, 1883, Brother John Hatch retired from the Secretaryship of the
Lodge of Fortitude, and Brother J. R. B. Pilkington was appointed
in his stead. On the 31st January, 1884, the first Masonic Ball was
held in Lancaster, at the Militia Officers' Mess Room. On the 20th
of March, 1884, the Garnett Council of the Allied Masonic Degrees
was consecrated. This council has the power oi conferring four
degrees, viz:— St. Lawrence the Martyr, Knight of Constantinople,
Red Cross of Babylon, and Grand High Priest. On the 25th oi'
June, 1884, a handsome testimonial was presented to Brother John
Hatch, P.M., by the members of the Lodge o\' Fortitude, in recog-
nition oi his services as Secretary.

On the 30th March, 1885, the first meeting in the Masonic
Hall, was held by the Moore Mark Masters' Lodge, and on the 15th
April, 1885, the first {'raft Lodge was held in the new Masonic Hall
by the Duke of Lancaster Lodge. On Max 4th, following, the first
meeting of the Rowley Lodge, took place in the new hall, and on
the 13th of the said month (same year), the first meeting o\ the
Lodge of Fortitude was held in the hall. On the 29th June, 18S7.
the Masons oi' Lancaster celebrated Her Majesty's Jubilee by the
Dedication oi' their Hall in Church Street, and by a combined
Banquet of the three Lodges at the King's Arms Hotel. In the
Lancaster Gasette of July 2nd, 1 887, a full report of the proceedings
/ill be found. The centenary of the Lodge oi' Fortitude, was held
n the 13th November, 1889, when Brother Fenton presented the



Centenary Warrant to the W. M., and Brother H. Longman gave

a sketch of the progress of the Lodge. On the iith of December,
in the same year, Brother J. B. Shaw, W.M., presented to the Lodge
of Fortitude a framed photograph of the Centenary Officers of the
Lodge, and on the 8th January, 1890, this Lodge presented to
Brother J. B. Shaw, J. P.M., (the "Centenary" W.M.) a gold
centenary jewel. The new warrant bears the signature of the Prince
of Wales at its head viz : " Albert Edward." The Prince is Grand
Secretary of England.

From the remarks of Mr. Longman at the centenary
proceedings, many historic items respecting the Lodge may be
quoted, with apologies to that gentleman. He states that "there
is some slight evidence that the first meeting was held in
1790, but of the actual date of consecration, or who was present,
there is no record. From the list of lodges 1781-91, we find we
were not registered in the books of the Grand Lodge till 1790,
and then evidently very late in the season, as ours is the last lodge
named for that year, the number by which it is registered in Grand
Lodge books being 575. This number we retain till 1792, when in
the revision of the lis' of lodges in that year we got the number
4S4 ; then in the union ot Grand Lodges ot' London and York in
1813, we were again changed, this time to number 527, and in the
revision of 1840 this gave place to number 350 ; this again being
altered in Jul} - 1863, to the present number 281. In a letter which I
received from Bro. Hughan about a month since, on the subject of
this discrepancy in the number, he says : - ' 1 make no doubt that
the Provincial Grand Secretary or some other local authority, is
responsible for the number 559 being attached to the Provincial
Warrant of the Fortitude Lodge, now number 281, Lancaster. It
would have had about that number had the fees and particulars for
warrant been transmitted to Grand Ledge promptly, on the charter
being issued locally Strange to say I can find no payment of
warrant announced in the Grand Lodge proceedings, so apparently
the Grand Secretary never received th fees. They must, however,
have been paid locally, or the lodge would not have been inserted


in the register. Ordinary payments by the lodge begin in the official

printed reports from April 13th, 1701, when the sum of 10s. 6d. is
credited to number 575, Lodge of Fortitude, Lancaster, i'ov charity.'

But passing awaj from this to its place of meeting, the Lodge
has during its too years had various homes, its first meeting place in
1780. was the Golden Shovel ; in 1807, the White Horse ; in 1816,
the White Lion ; in 1824, Bro. Seward's, Sun Street ; in 1825, the
Golden Shovel ; in j S3 1 , the White Lion ; in 183b, the Freemason's
Tavern ; in 1838, the Sun Inn ; 1849, the Old Sir Simon's ; in 1855,
the Royal Oak; in 1859, the Assembly Rooms; in 1861, the
Athenaeum, where it had the longest stav ; and in 1885, to the
Masonic Hall, in Church Street.

Its roll of honoured dead is very long" — so long that again I
can only name the most eminent, -which includes Bros. John
Fenton Cawthorne, John Drinkwater, John Braithwaite, Jackson,
Michael Harrison, Wm. Dewhurst, Joseph Rowley, John Daniel
Moore, Edmund Simpson, John Lever Whimpray, and a host of
others eminent outside Freemasonry. Amongst its members it
has numbered fourteen (if not more), Mayors cA' the Borough of
Lancaster, viz., E. D. Salisbury, Thos. Howitt, L. 1). de Vil
Hichard Hinde, Geo. Jackson, James Williamson, Rd. Coupland,
Wm. Store)', Henry Welch, Wm. Hall, Geo. Cleminson, Jos.
Fenton, Ed. Clark, and Jas. Hatch. The 13th January, 1795, is
the date of the first recorded meeting we have, and on this night
the first initiate — so far as we can trace -was received into the
lodge, his name was Ldward Banton.

In 1884, in conjunction with the other lodges, it held its first
ball, and here its history merges a little into the other lodges, for in
conjunction with them it purchased the old Queen's Head, in Church
Street, and converted it into a Masonic Hall, and here, on the 13th
May, 1885, it held its first craft meeting under its own roof. 1
have said enough to prove that during- its century of existence
it has, I think, performed every function that could fall to a Free-


masons' Lodge; it has received Grand Lodge on the occasion ot
laying: the foundation stone of the Roval Albert Asylum in 1868;
and Provincial Grand Lodge it has received on several occasions,
notably on the occasion of laving the foundation stone of St.
Thomas's Church, on the 10th February, 1840, the day on which
our Queen was married. It has dispensed its hospitality to its
members in all degrees, from the modest supper at is. 6d. per head
to the excellent banquet; it has dispensed its charity generously,
and at all times with prudence; and it has buried its revered dead
with Masonic honours and services. In 1824, Bro. Bainbridge was
so buried; in 1825, Bro. Jackson; and in 1889, Bro. Edmund
Simpson. It has throughout its career upheld the dignity of Free-
masonry, and performed unpleasant duties when forced upon it, by
refusing to sanction anything hurtful to the craft; and by punishing
when proved, the irregular and unmasonic conduct of its members."

Past Masters of the Lodge op Fortitude.

1S58, Brother James I latch ; 1859, Brother Joseph Fenton : 1S60, Brother William
King ; 1861, Brother F. Dean ; 1867, BrotherG. Kelland ; 1869, Brother E. Storey ;
1870, Brother John Hatch: 1876, Brother J. Atkinson; 1877, Brother R. Taylor:
1S78, Brother J. fowett ; 1879, Brother E. Cardwell ; 1880, Brothei W. Warbrick :
1881, Brother John Atkinson ; 1882, Brother J. R. B. Pilkington ; 1883. Brother I:.
Gregson ; 1884. Brother Thos. Bayley ; 1885, Brother Richard Stanton; 1886,
Brother A. Me. Kaith : 1887. Brother R. Nicholson; 1888, Brother James Heald ;
1889, Brother James B. Shaw.

Past Masters of the Rowley Lodge.

1870, Brother W. Hall. M.D.; 1870. Brother II. Longman; 1879, Brothei
Nerval \Y. Ilelnie; 1882. Brother!. E. Hannah: 1883, Brother John Cutis : 1884,
Brother J. II. Irvin ; 1886, Brother A. W. Kershaw : 1S87. Brother W. Drinkall ;
1888, Brother A. Stanley: 1889, Brother \Y. Capstick.

Past Masters of the Dukl-; of Lancaster Lodge.

1872. Brother J. Barrow : 1873. Brother J. Bell; 1875, Brother J. Acton;
1878, Brother R. Wolfenden ; 1879, Brother J. Ellershaw; 1881, Brother II. Hartley:
1884, Brother J. E. Oglethorpe : 1885, Brother J. D. Bell : 1886. Brother C. J. W.
Stork; 1887, Brother \Y. King; 1888, Brother D. Shaw ; 1880. Brother I'. Duilon.


Early in the year [889, Brothers II. Longman, J. R. B.
Pilkington, and W. King, as the Lodges' Charities' representatives
to P. G. I.., thinking it desirable that an association should be

formed (or Lancaster, called a meeting o( the Brethren of the
various Lodges to tesl their feeling in the matter. This meeting
was fairly attended, and though not quite unanimious, it was
decided by an overwhelming- majority that such an association
should he formed, and that the subscription should be 5s. pet
annum. On the 4th October, 1889, the first meeting was held
when 35 members were announced as having enrolled themselves.

On a brass plate in the Masonic Hall is this inscription :—

"This Masonic lli.ll was erected by thirteen Craft Lodges and the Royal
Arch Chapter oi Lancaster for the purposes "I Freemasonry, and was dedicated on
Wednesday, June 29th, [887, by W. Brother Charles Henry Garnett, of Wyr<
hue Captain $oth Regiment, I'. Prov. G. Senr. Warden : I'. Prov. (1. [. West, Lanca-
shire. The brethren occupying the chairs at the time were: -Bro. R. Nicholson,
W.M. Fortitude, No. 2S1 ; Bro. W. Drinkall, W.M. Rowley Lodge, No. 1,051 ;
Bio. 1). Shaw, W.M. Duke of Lancaster. No. 1,353; Comp. R. Stanton. M. V.. /..
Rowley R. A. Chap., No. 1,051."

The order o( the Lodges is thus :

Lodge of Fortitude.
Rowley Lodge.
Duke of Lancaster.
Philip's Rose Croix Chapter.
Rowley Royal Arch Chapter.
Moore Mark Lodge.

Masonic and Military Order of Knights of Rome and Red < Iross of Constantine.
The Red Rose Conclave of this Order, No. u. i.^ held at Lancaster.
S. Allied Degrees Garnett Council, No. S, held at Lancaster.

The portrait of the Rev. Joseph Rowley at the west c\u\ of
the room is pronounced a very excellent one ; and the same may be
said of that of the late Mr. Poxcroft, presented to the Lodge in
1849. The full masonical clad figure of the Earl o( Lathom is also
a smart likeness oi' one of the most distinguished o\' English


Obituary of Prominent P.M's.

1831. March 3 1 st , Brother J. F. Cawthorne., M.I'.

1864. January 4th, Brother Rev. J. Rowley.

1567. January, Brother Hansbrow, P.P.G.S.B.

1568. June 23rd, Brother H. Ball.

1869. June 27th, Brother Thomas Dewhurst.

1S73. Lord Zetland, M.W.C.M.

1876. May 31st, Brother William Wearing.

[879. May, Brother YV. Storey.

1880. December, Brother F. G. Dale.

[881. January 17th, Brother J. D. Moore, M.D.. P.C.S.B.

1885. April 14th, Brother W. II. Bagnall.

1889. March 12th, Brother E. Simpson, P.P.C.P.

1889. July 22nd, Brother S. W. Wearing.

[889. September 23rd, Brother J. L. Whimpray.
Mr. A. K. Allanson, Tyler, died June 6th, 1891.

Lancas i er Oddfellows.

Oddfellowship, the imitation of Freemasonry, which represents
an upper ten thousand rank, is the rank representing every class,
the rank that knows no distinction and will welcome either rich or
poor with equal affection. The Order of Oddfellows is said to have
existed among the Israelites while in captivity B.C. 1,000; and
it is said they used signs, passwords, and degrees enabling
them to communicate without exciting suspicion. It is stated that
in the year 79 Titus Caesar gave certain Roman soldiers who
imitated the Israelites the name of oddfellows owing to the singu-
larity of their notions and for their knowing each other by night as
well as by day. For valuable services rendered this same Roman
leader gave the fellow-citizens or oddfellows a dispensation as a
pledge oi' his friendship engraved upon a table of gold bearing the.
following emblems : — The Roval Ark of Titus and the Ark of the
Covenant, the Golden Candlesticks a id the Table weighing a great
talent ; the Sun for the Noble Grand, the Moon and Stars for the
Vice Grand, the Lamb for the Secretary, the Lion for the Guardian,
the Dove for the Warden, and the Emblems of Mortality for the


Grand Master. The excellent digest o( history from which ! quote
intimates that irrespective of the truth o\ the legend "it is a fad
worth noting thai several of the emblems on the dispensation are
now in vise among oddfellows with slight altera! ii ns.

Wales is said to have first received Oddfellowship principles,
so far as our own island is concerned, in the year 98. Agricola
introduced the Order so the story goes, and eventually a lodge was
established a1 Mona. Modern Oddfellowship dates however, from
about 1745, and in that year the Gentleman's Magazine alludes to
the Order. Daniel Defoe made mention o( it previously. The
Manchester Unity dates from 1810, and in 1822 the first meeting of
the A.M.C. took place. The National Independent Order of Odd-
fellows was formed of seceders from the Manchester Unity between
the years 1840 and 1850. I have not space for more remarks on this
interesting- society, and content myself with stating that during 1888,
the number oi' persons initiated into the Order in Great Britain,
Ireland, and the Channel Islands, was 38,491, the increase in the
colonies being 840, and 533 by re-instatement of suspended lodges,
making a total number oi' 667,458 members. During the last ten
years the Order has increased by 1 00,793 members. The mortality
of the year has been 1 '35 per cent., the average rate for the last five
years 1 '37 per cent. The number of members in the juvenile
societies reached (January 1st, 1889) 50,140, showing an increase of
5,872 on the year. Juveniles, transferred to adult lodges during the
year numbering 3,021, made the total strength of the Order 668, \<.)2.

The principles of Oddfellowship are the outcome of a masonry
which may be traced to the building of Solomon's temple.

From a perusal of Lujo Brentano's exhaustive work on the
history and developemenl of gilds, published in 1870, it is evident
that our modern friendly societies are the outcome on a worthier
scale of the ancient religious and craft gilds which flourished largely
in the middle ages, and remained all-powerful in their effects
individually and nationally, until the Reformation struck them down
and abolished their abuses for ever.


For many a long" year Lancaster has taken a very active part
in the inauguration and development of Friendly Societies. In
1811, there were 13 of these societies in our borough for men, and
4 for women, and in 1806, the number of members belonging to the
former was 2,027. In 1820, the Lonsdale Magazine intimates that
the number of these associations had dwindled down to three, viz.,
The Good Intent, Friendship and Union, and The Samaritan. Times
have altered largely since the institution of these benevolent
fraternities, the first of which according to notes made by the late
Mr. Thomas Cleminson, in the order of age, is the Samaritan,
instituted 17th December, 1787, and whose flag emblem was formed
of the good Samaritan relieving the man who fell among thieves;
the Levite passing by on the other side. The motto was "Go thou
and do likewise." The meet took place at the Black Bull, Mr.
James Holden's. The next, The Good Intent, dated from 3rd March,
1788, and its emblem consisted of Joseph relieving his brethren;
motto: "Give us this day our daily bread." This society met at
the White Lion Inn. The Friendship and Union was established
1st January, 178c), and bore for its device Christ supporting St.
Peter on the sea ; motto: "Wherefore didst thou doubt?" The
rendezvous of this body was at Mr. Goth's, the Ship Inn. The
Friend in Need society, established about 1832, The Royal Foresters,
and the Independent Mechanics, have met respectively at the George
and Dragon, the White Hart, and the Black Cat Hotels.

The Oddfellows' Hall was erected in 1844. Three lodges
were formerly owners of the hall, viz., William IV., the Earl of
Lincoln, and the Dalton Abbey.

No one can over estimate the value of Friendly Societies, for
they are God's chosen levers for aiding the fatherless children and
widows, the desolate and the oppressed. Not only have they been
enabled to dispense timely assistance during visitations of sickness
and death, but to contribute nobly to numerous institutions, such as
infirmaries and asylums throughout the land. In our own town some
twenty-two years ago, when the Royal Albert Asylum for Idiots
and Imbeciles was about being erected, the local Oddfellows resolv-
ed to contribute 100 guineas towards the building fund. This was
a noble gift. The Juvenile Oddfellows' Club was established in



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Online LibraryCross FleuryTime-honoured Lancaster ... Historic notes on the ancient borough of Lancaster → online text (page 42 of 55)