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480 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



The Philippi Club.

There used to be a sort of Beefsteak Club in Lancaster,
known as the Philippi Club. It was founded in 1797 and existed
until about 1852. The Black Horse Hotel, an old Corporation
house, in Common-garden Street, was long" the rendezvous of this
Club, where often of an evening the elite of Lancaster society met
to enjoy the pipe of peace and discuss current events. Here, the
burly alderman, the leading medicus, and the smart man of law-
spent their evenings in conviviality and debate. The Society had
its president, whose head-gear consisted of a deep-crowned broad-
brimmed hat, long retained by Major Coupland, an old member of
the Club, as a relic of the "old days." Each member paid for all
he had in the way of " lotion " which was limited generally to two
glasses of whiskey. Each Saturday evening a plate of small raised
meat pies was placed upon the table, and it is said that these edibles
were supplied gratis by the hostess to the Club. To "meet at
Philippi " was at one time a very common expression in our town,
and when an appointment was made the term was used broadly in
lieu of the name of the inn by persons who had no entree into the
charmed circle upstairs. The rules of the Club maybe of some
interest to readers of this work at the present time. They were
written on parchment, and every member upon his admission
attached his sign-manual to the document in token of endorsement
of the same. The sheet bore 120 signatures, and, as a member
years ago remarked, "some of the names are a little indistinct,
but this may be due either to imperfection in the writing materials,
or to the fact that the signatures had been delayed until a late period
in the evening,"

Rut i> i" be observed by members of l he Club of Philippi, in Lancaster :—

1st. That the Club shall meet every evening - .

2nd. Any member who shall propose to lay a wager which shall bo- accepted by an)
person shall forfeit and pay for glasses round to the company present at thi
time of laying the wager.



TI MR-HONOURED LANCASTER 481



3rd. Any member who shall come to Philippi in a coal (excepl a mourning c<
which has never been paid for, shall treat the whole of the comp
who shall come to Philippi the same evening, with glasses round.

4th. There shall be a president every evening thai the club shall meet, who shall
have the power to determine finally all disputes and differences which may
arise in the company.

7th October, 1797.

The third rule' appears to have been too stringenl and it was repealed by the
following resolution : —

" At a meeting of the members of Philippi on the 6th day of October, 1798,
being convened by public notice, it was resolved and ordered, by a great majority of
the members then present, that the rule No. 3 be and the same is hereby repealed."

The first president was John Armstrong, Esq., John Taylor Wilson. Esq..
first secretary, and John Addison, Esq., recorder ; J. Dent and Peter Patten Esquires,
members of the House of Commons for Lancaster, and James Clarke, Esq., "" Deputy
Recorder of Philippi and Liverpool,'* were also members of this Club. Among other
names are those of Giles, Bagott, Thompson, Parke, Hinde, Thornborrow, Iliggin,
Rawlinson, Inman. Robert Gillow, T. Charnley, J. Dockray. P. P. Armstrong,
Loftus, Ridley, Dodson, Scarlett. Everard, Satterthwaite, Stout, Buckley, Mason,
Worswick, Dr. Campbell, R. Bond. R. T. Gibson, '■ Clerk and Chaplain," Joseph
Baxendall and S. Bow-.

Up to 1824 the names, without dates of admission, are recorded. After
that year the dates are given.

" 1824, Oct. 25th, John Scott, Thomas Mason. Oct. 28th, Leo Redmayne,
(mayor), William Davidson, Sam. Gregson. Oct. 30th, Arthur Armitstead. Nov.
4th, John Brockbank, John Charnley, S. Bower, junr., Dr. Morton. Nov. Sth, J.
B. Nottage. Nov. 12th James Atkinson. Decern. 7th, E. Cox.

1825, April 20th, Robert Birkett. June 3rd, Anthony Eidsforth. Novem-
5th, W. Robinson.

1826, June 24th, R. W. Scott. July 22nd. Hugh Baldwin.

1827, June 22nd. James Bradshaw.
1S28, Nov. 20th, Win. Thompson, junr.

1830, May 29th, Wm. Eer^uson, Richard Wilson. August oth, John Ripley.

1831, Sept. 6th, Christ. Fletcher. Decern. 26th. Robert Gawthorpe.

1833, Jan. 12th, John Walmsley. July 6th. E. D. de Vitre\ M.D. August
3rd, Joseph Seed, Surgeon.

1834, Sept. 4th, James Lonsdale, Artist.

1835, Decern. 5th, Richard Hinde.

1S38, July 17th, Robert Bradshaw. James Derham, Oliver T. Roper,

12



482 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



B. Bradshaw, Leo Willan, John Walker, Charles Edward Quarme {Gazette). Henry
Coupland.

1S41, Tune 24, Thomas Thompson. Oct. 4th, E. D. Salisbury.
1852, Nov. 10th, John Hall (Mayor), William Welch, Rd. Coupland,

In a letter from Dr. Harker, dated January 26th, 1S91, the following item is
given concerning the above Club : — The Philippi Club, as in the case of the Beef-
steak Blub of London, included the brightest spirits of our profession. The rotund
snuffbox made from a piece of oak of our ancient bridge which crossed the Lune at
Bridge Lane, I still have and take care of. It was given to me by the last of the
Starkies of the ancient inn in Tame> Street, where the club had its meeting."

John O'Gauxt's Club, (London).

There used to he a club in London styled "The John
O'Gaunt's Club," established for the purpose of assisting- young
Lancastrians in London. Colonel Whalley has an invitation ticket
issued in the name of this club about seventy-two years ago. The
ticket is headed in old English characters "John O'Gaunt's Club;"
below the heading is a representation of the Castle Gateway with
a cottage on the right. Then comes this announcement: — "The
members o\' the club will dine together at Gray's Inn Coffee House,
on Saturday, the sixth day of June, 181S, at 6 o'clock precisely,
R. H. Welch. Esq., President, T Greene, Esq. Vice President,
R. H. Welch, Esq., T. Greene, Esq., S. Wiglesworth, Esq., Stewards.
Rd. B. Armstrong, Secretary- Admil R. P. Barlow, Esq." When
the club broke up or collapsed ! have not been able to ascertain.

Lancaster and Political Representation.

Lancaster used to be the head quarters of the political
representation of the county, and first sent two members in the
place of two ancient barons. The polling would last from six to nine
days as a rule. The County Town, Wigan, Liverpool, and Preston,
were the old four boroughs that might formerly boast the honour
of sending - members to Parliament, and doubtless the honour was
one which proved more of a burden than a pleasure, since consti-
tuencies, in those days so often dubbed as " good old days," had to



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 483



pay their members for representing them. At one time the charge was
so much per head, and was levied like a tax. Knights of the shire
are very different now from what was the case in the thirteenth
century. Large landowners used to form a parliament in themselves
and very frequently they chose burgesses to represent their several
interests. Representation of the county may be said to date from
the 22nd of Edward L, when twelve burgesses represented the
ancient baronies o( Clitheroe, Nether Wyresdale, Penwortham,
Weeton, Newton, Warrington, Salford, and Widnes, by tenure,
in addition (as Baines puts it) to the knights, representing the com-
monalty of the county. A perusal of Sharon Turner's "Anglo-Saxon
People," and any standard history of parliamentary origin, such as
Dr. Campbell's "Political Survey of Great Britain," (1784), will
vield further information on this point.

In 1867, Lancaster was disfranchised for bribery and corrup-
tion, and thus the sitting members, Henry William Schneider and
Edward Matthew Fenwick, were unseated after a long and exhaust-
ive inquiry.

The select Committee of the House of Commons was
composed of the following gentlemen : — Mr. Edward Howes, (East
Norfolk), chairman, Conservative; Mr. Kekewich, (North Devon),
Conservative; Mr. Graham, (Glasgow), Liberal; Mr. Dudley
Majoribanks, pronounced Marshbanks (Berwick-on-Tweed), Liberal;
and Sir Graham Montgomery, (Peebleton), Conservative. The
petitioners were Henry Wilson, of Kellet, and Wilson Barker, of
Lancaster. The burden of their complaint consisted of the allegation
that the said sitting members did, by "threats and intimidation,
undue influence, and other corrupt practices, procure divers person - ,
having or claiming to have votes at the said election, to give them
votes, &c, and to forbear or abstain from giving votes to Edward
Lawrence." Mr. Karslake, Q.C., Mr. Cooke, Q.C., and Mr.
O'Hara were counsel for the petitioners; and Mr. Serjeant Ballantine,
Mr. Giffard, and Mr. J. C. James appeared for the sitting members.
Petitioners' agents were Messrs. Baxter, Rose. & Co. ; solicitor,



4S4 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



Mr. C. T. Clark. Sitting- members' agents, Messrs. Smith & Co. ;
solicitor, Mr. Maxsted. Messrs. Fenwick and Schneider were
Liberals; Mr. Edward Lawrence, Conservative; and the returning
officer at the time was Mr. James Williamson. Mayor of Lancaster.
In Mr. Karslake's opening of petitioners' case, the whole system of
buying votes was minutely explained, and it was shown that large
sums were given to the freemen of the borough and ten pound
householders, in order to secure their votes. A great point was
sought to be made out of the statement of Mr. Schneider at the
hustings, to Mr. Chamberlain Starkie, to the effect that if Mr.
Lawrence were returned, it would not be at a less cost than
;£io,ooo. As much as from ;£io to ^50 was given to voters by
the principal agents, who were appointed captains, and who had
their centurions under them, through whom the money was handed
over to voters. Various hotels were constituted into branch banks,
and besides gifts of money a large amount of drink was given in
order to influence electors. The evidence was long and voluminous,
and the result was that the ancient borough with its "free and
independent electors" was disfanchised after a long inquiry, which
revealed only one fact, viz., a case of "pan calling kettle black."
Both parties were possessed of the unclean thing, and unclean
spirits as well: but we must fully recognise that the greatest, blame
always rests with the instigators of an evil, and when one side is
srivinsr hard and fast at an election, the other has little chance if it
do not likewise. Happily, all this treating and attempting to stultify
men, and render them untrue to their principles— such as ever had
any —is now no longer possible, except at immense risks.

The Roval Commission, appointed to inquire into the corrupt
practices, commenced sitting on July 26th, 1866, at the Shire Hall,
the Commissioners being Thomas Irwin Barstow, Esq., (Chief
Commissioner) Robert Milner Newton, and Alexander Staveley
Hill, Esquires. Mr. J. H. Patteson, barrister, acted as secretary
to the Commission, which sat over five weeks, and both town and
county were much concerned as to what the result of the report
would be. As I write I have before me the original "summons to



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER 485



witness" on a well-known Lancaster gentleman. It bears date
August 31st, 1866. The election of July 12th, 1865, if such it could .
be called, has not yet been forgotten, nor is il likely to be. Lan-
caster was not the only sinner in corrupt practices, but Yarmouth
and Reigate likewise, as many will remember. Lord Winmarleigh,
then Colonel Wilson-Patten, was most assiduous in his efforts to
save our borough from disfranchisement, but his efforts were un-
availing. Lord Hartington, Mr. Henry Woods, M.P. (Wigan), Mr.
T. Barnes (Bolton), and Mr. Richard Fort (Clitheroe), were the
four other Lancashire members who, with Colonel Wilson-Patten,
voted against the total disfranchisement clause. The cost of the
Royal Commissions, appointed to inquire into the electoral abuses
at Totnes, Reigate, Great Yarmouth., and Lancaster were £,'11,980
9s. 6d. No less a sum than ,£2,486 is. 8d. was paid for short-
hand writing. The Reform Bill of 1867, enlarged the representation
of the "County by four members. North Lancashire division was
divided into North and North East. Then the Redistribution of
Seats Act, 1884, vastly changed matters, all former things having
passed away with a suddeness hardly conceivable at the 1885
general election. The county has now twenty-three members
representing as many divisions. To enumerate them would be out
of keeping with the project and design ol this work.

Very few readers will be aware that in old times the burgesses
of Lancaster had certain privileges in the city of London ; they had
the same rights as the citizens of London with reference to mercan-
tile matters, and, therefore, it became a great object to Liverpool
merchants and others to become Freemen of Lancaster in order
to obtain these privileges. The exemption from market tolls was
no small inducement to the country gentlemen. There was also
a number of foreign burgesses who doubtless enrolled themselves to
save the tolls on goods going into the town. Prior to the passing
of the Reform Act ol~ 1 832, coach loads oi' voters came from the
South of England and elsewhere to vote at Lancaster.

Sir T. Storey, contested North Lancashire in 1880, in the
Liberal interest, but was unsuccessful. He, however, made a
gallant stand, and added to his popularity on this occasion.



486 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



List of Members of Parliament for Lancaster.

From the return uf Members of Parliament, ordered by the House of
Commons to be printed i .March, 1878. [Dates bracketted represent dates of returns]

iSth Edward I. summoned to meet at Westminster, July 15th, 1290. No return.,
23rd Edward I. summoned to meet at Westminster, on the 13th, and (by prorogation)
27th November, 1295.

Lambertus le Despenser. Willielmus le Chaunter.
26th Edward f. summoned to meet at York, 25th May, 1298.

Radulphus fil' Thome. Willielmus le Chauntour.
29th Edward I. summoned to meet at Lincoln, 20th January, 1300, 1301.

Willielmus le Chauntour. Johannes Lawrence.
33rd Edward I. summoned to meet at Westminster, 16th February, 1304-5.
prorogued to 28th February, 1304-5.

Johannes de Lancastria. Robert de Berwyk. ■
35th Edward f. summoned to meet at Carlisle, 20th January, 1306-7.
Willielmus de Slene. Johannes de Lancastr.'
1st. Edward ff. summoned to meet at Northampton, 13th October, 1307.

Willielmus de Slene. Ricardus Pernaunt.'
7th Edward II. summoned to meet at Westminster, 21st April, 1314.
Willielmus Dallyng. Johannes de Wyresdale.
19th Edward II. summoned to meet at Westminster, iSth November, 1525.

Willielmus Laurence. Johannes de Brokholes.
20th Edward II. summoned to meet at Westminster, 14th December, 1326, and by
prorogation, 7th January, 1326-7.

Johannes Cort de Lancastr.' Adam de Walton.
1st Edward III. summoned to meet at Lincoln, 15th September, 1327.

Johannes le Keu. Laurentius de Bulke.
2nd Edward III. summoned to meet at York, 7th February, 1327 8.

Nicholas de Lancastr' Henricus Burgeis.
2nd Edward III. summoned to meet at Northampton, 24th April, 1328.

Adam til ' Simonis. Johannes le Keu.
2nd and 3rd Edward III. summoned to meet at Salisbury, 16th October, 1328, and
adjourned to Westminster, 9th February, 1328-9.

Johannes le Keu. Robertus de Bolroun.'
4th Edward III. summoned to meet at Winchester, nth March. 1329-30.

Willielmus de Bolleroun.' Johannes le Bulke.
4th Edward III. summoned to meet at Westminster, 26th November, 1330.

Robertus de Bolleroun. ' Johannes le Keu.
5th Edward III. summoned to meet at Westminster, 30th September, 1331.
Henricus de Haydock. Gilbertus de Cliderhow.



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 487



[No returns afterwards until]
14th Henry VIII., 1523. Held at Blackfriars, in London, 15th April, 1523;
dissolved, 13th August, 1523.

Laurencius Starky. Ricardus Southworthe.
1st Edward VI. summoned to meet at Westminister, 4th November, 1547; dissolved,
15th April, 1552.

Sir Thomas Chaloner, Knyght. Johannes Kechyn, armiger.
7th Edward VI. summoned to meet at* Westminster, ist March, 1532-3; dissolved,
31st March,, 1553.
John Caryll, Esquier. * Thomas Cayrus, Esquier. [6th Feb., 1552-3.]
1st Mary summoned to meet at Westminster, 5th October, 1553; dissolved, 5th
December, 1553.
Thomas Tressam, Knyght. Thomas Cams, Esquier. [17th Sept., 1553.]
1st Mary summoned to meet at Oxford and (by fresh writs) at Westminster, 2nd
April, 1554.

Johannes Haywood, armiger. Georgius Feiton, armiger.
ist and 2nd Philip and Mary summoned to meet at Westminster, 12th November.

J554-

Richard Baker, Esquier. Richard Weston, Esquier. [October, 1554.]
2nd and '3rd Philip and Mary summoned to meet at Westminster, 21st October, 1555.

Thomas Cams, Esquier. Thomas H ungate, Esquier. 30th Sept., 1555.
4th and 5th Philip and Mary summoned to meet at Westminster, 20th January,
[557-8.

Clemens Higham, miles. Willielmus Rice, armiger.

1st Elizabeth summoned to meet at Westminster, 23rd January, 155S-9; dissolved.

8th May, 1559.

Sir Thomas Benger, Km. William Fletewoode, Gent. [12th January, 1558-9.]

5th Elizabeth summoned to meet at Westminster, 11 th January, 1562-3; dissolved,

2nd January, 1566-7.

[ohn Hales, Esq. William Fletewoode, Esq.

14th Elizabeth summoned to meet at Westminster, 8th May, 1572; dissolved, 9th

April, 1583.

Thomas Sadleir, Esq. Henry Sadleir, Esq.

27th Elizabeth summoned to meet at Westminister, 23rd November, 1584; dissolved
14th September, 1585.
Henry Sadleir, Esq. Thomas Gerrard, Esq. [nth November, 1584-7.]
28th Elizabeth summoned to meet at Westminister, 15th October. 15S6; dissolved,
23rd March, 1586-7.

Thomas Gerrard, Esq. Henry Sadleir, Esq.

30th and 31st Elizabeth summoned to meet at Westminister, 12th November, 1588,
and by prorogation, 4th February, 1588-9 ; dissolved, 29th March, 1588-9.
Roger Ualton, Esq. John Atherton, Esq. 14th October, 1588.
" >: "Journal of the House of Commons'' mentions a William Warde in place of Thomas Cams.



4 88 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



35th Elizabeth summoned to meet at Westminster, 19th February, 1592-3; dissolved,
10th April. 1593.

John Preston. John Awdeley.
39th Elizabeth summoned to meet at Westminster, 24th October, 1597; dissolved,

9th February, 1597-8.
Thomas Hesketh, Esq., Attorney of the Court of Wards and Liveries, and Recorder

of Lancaster. Edward Hubberd, Esq. [15th October, 1597-]
43rd Elizabeth summoned to meet at Westminster, 27th October, 1601 ; dissolved,
19th December, 1601.
Sir Jerome Bowes, Km. Sir Carie Keignoldes (or Carew Regnell, Knt.)

[20lh October, 1601.]
1st James I. summoned to meet at Westminster, 19th March, 1603-4; dissolved)

9th February, 1610-11.
Sir Thomas Hesketh, Knt., Attorney of the Comi of Wardes and Liveries, and
Recorder of Lancaster. Thomas Fanshawe, Esq., Auditor for the northern part of

the Duchy of Lancaster. [13th February, 1603-4.]
I2th lames I. summoned to meet at Westminster, 5th April. 1614; dissolved, 7th
June, 1614.

(No returns for County or Borough).
iSth James I. summoned to meet at Westminster, 16th January, 1620- 1 ; dissolved,
8th February, 162 1-2.

I No returns. |

21st lames I. summoned to meet at Westminster, 1 2lh February, 1623-4.
Sir Humphrey Maie, Knt., Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Thomas
Fanshawe, Esq. [ 19th January. 1623-4.

John Seidell, Esq.. vice Sir Humphrey -May, Kt., who elected to serve for Leicester,

2nd March, 1023-4.
1st Charles I. summoned to meel at Westminster, 17th May, 1625; dissolved, 12th

August, 1625.
Sir Humphrey Maye, Knt.. Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Sir Thomas

Fanshawe, Knt. [9th May, 1625. J

1st. Charles I. summoned to meet at Westminster, 6th February, 1625-6 ; dissolved,

15th June, 1626.
Sir Humphrey May, Knt., Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Sir Thomas
Fanshawe, Km. [19th January, 1625-6.]

3rd Charles I. summoned to meet at Westminster, 17th March, 1627-8 ; dissolved
10th March, 1628-9.

Sir Francis Bindlose, Knt. Sir Thomas Fanshawe Knt. [ioth March, 1627-8. ]
Kith Charles I., 1640, summoned to meet at Westminster, 13th April, 1640; dissolved
5th May, 1640.

Roger Kirkbye, Esq. John Harrison Esq. [23rd March, 1639-40.]
16th Charles 1. summoned to meet at Westminster, 3rd November, 1640 ; expelled
by Oliver Cromwell, 20th April, 1653.

Thomas Fanshawe, Esq. John Harrison. Esq.

* Also Attorney of the Wards — "Journal House of Commons."



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER 489



Sir Robert Bindlose, Bart., and Thomas Fell, Esq., vice Thomas Fanshawe, Esq.,

and John Harrison, Esq., disabled to sit, [6th January, 1645-6.]
Interregnum 1653. An assembly nominated by Oliver Cromwell, and a council of

officers, summoned to meet at Westminster, 41I1 July, 1653, by letters under

the hand of the Lord General Cromwell. This assembly declared itself a

parliament 6th July, and resigned its powers to the Lord General, 12th

December, 1653. No returns found.
Interregnum. Summoned to meet at Westminster, 17th September, 1656: dissolved

4th February, 1657-8.

Henry Porter, Esq. [14th August, 1656.]
Richard Cromwell, summoned to meet at Westminster, 27th January, 1658-9 ;

dissolved 22nd April, 1659. No returns found."""
121I1 Charles II. summoned to meet at Westminster, 25th April, 1660 : dissolved 29th

December, 1660. No returns found.
13th Charles II. summoned to meet at Westminster, 8th May, 1661 ; dissolved 24th

January, 1678-9.

Richard Kirkby, Esq. Sir John Harrison, Knt. [nth April, 1661.]
Richard Harrison, E»q vice Sir John Harrison. Knt., his father, deceased.

[25th October, 1669.]
31st Charles II. summoned to meet at Westminster, 6th March, 167S-9 ; dissolved

1 2th July, 1679.
Richard Kirkby, Esq. Richard Harrison, Esq. [27th February, 1678-9.
31st Charles II. summoned to meet at Westminster, 17th October, 1679 ; dissolved

18th January, 1680-1.
Richard Kirkby, Esq. William Spencer, junior, Esq. [nth September, 1679.]
33rd Charles II summoned to meet at < >xford, 2ist March, 1680-1 ; dissolved 28th

March, 1681.
Richard Kirkby, Esq. William Spencer, Junr., Esq. [24th February, 1680-1.]
1st James II. summoned to meet at Westminster, 191I1 May, 1685; dissolved, 2nd

July, 1687.

Henry Crispe, Esq. Roger Kirkby, Esq. [16th March, 1684-5.J

Convention Parliament summoned to meet at Westminster, 22nd January, 1688-9;
dissolved, 6th February, 1689-90.
Thomas Preston, Esq. Gurwen Rawlinson, Esq. [17th January, 1688-9.
2nd William and Mary summoned to meet at Westminster, 20th March, 1689-90;
dissolved, nth October, 1695.
Roger Kirkby, Esq. Thomas Preston, Esq. [6th .March. 1689-90.]
7th William III. summoned to meet at Westminster, 22nd November, 1695;
dissolved, 7th July, 1698.
Roger Kirkby, Esq. Thomas Preston, Esq. [7th November, 1 £ 95- J
Filton Gerrad, Esq., vice Thomas Preston, Esq., deceased. [25th Feb., 1696-7.]
10th William III. summoned to meet at Westminster, 24th August, 169.S; dissolved,
19th December, 1700.
Robert Heysham, Merchant. Roger Kirkby. Esq. [9th August, 169S.]
*Col. William West served with Henry Porter in 1650 — "H. of C. Journals."



490 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



12th William III. summoned to meet at Westminster, 6th February, 1700-1;

dissolved, nth November, 1701.

Robert Heysham, Merchant, Roger Kirkby, Esq. [13th January, 1700-1.]

13th William III. summoned to meet at Westminster, 30th December, 1701;



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