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Chantries. — Addenda.

According to Canon Raines there was an Altar of St Thomas
a Beckett, in the Parish Church of St. Mary, Lancaster. The
"History of Chantries" states that there were four chantries in
Lancaster. The Rev. William Stratton, B.A. was therefore correct
in the communication he made, mentioned on page 35.

There was I. the Chantrie at the late Ffryers of Lancaster,
not in St. Mary's Church, but in the Chapel of the Holy Trinity in
the Dominican Friary. This charity was founded about the year
1260, by Sir Hugh Harrington, an unrecorded ancestor of the old
family of Lawrence, of Ashton, near Lancaster. Henry VI's.
commissioners, in 1547, returned Robert Mackerel as the "Preste
Incumbent" of the foundation, and add "the said incumbent both,
at his pleasure, celebrate masse in other places sitpens thedissoluc'
of the sayde late ffrayres, where and in what place the said incumbente
dothe celebrate yt is not certain." In 1553, Ralph Altrabus was
returned as incumbent of the chantry in the Trinity Church,
Lancaster. II. and III. Two Chantries were founded by the will of
John Gardyner, made in 1472, and administered by his executors in



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 525



1485. One of these (II.) was founded at the altar of St. Thomas a
Beckett, in the Parish Church ; for his service there he was to have a
hundred shillings a year 'out of my mill at Newton.' Another part
of the profits of this mill were to go for the founding and upholding
of a grammar school, and as the patronage in each case was given
by the executors to 'the Mayor of the \ ill of Lancaster and his
brother burgesses;' it seems that when the commissioners came
round, the mayor and burgesses returned the Chantry as founded
by themselves out of the profits of a mill, the residue of the profits
being 'employed to the maintenance of one gramm'r schole for
w'ch ppose they say the mill was granted to them,' and so they
saved the property for the grammar school, pensioning 'John Lunde,
pryest incumbent, of thage of liiij. yeres with ^4. With the other
Chantrv (III.) they were equally fortunate. Founded under John
Gardvner's will, in 1485, as 'one perpetual Chantry with one
Chaplain at the altar«of B.V. Mary, in the north part of the Parish
Church, of Lancaster, but with an alms-house connected with it of
which the priest was to be the Chaplain, it was restored under
Queen Mary, and exists as an alms-house to this day. Edward
Baynes was the incumbent in 1547, but in 1553, Robert Mackerell,
originally the Chantry priest of Holy Trinity (I.) had become the
Chantry priest of Lancaster Hospital, with a pension of £^ 4s. 2d.
IV. the commissioners of Edward VI. discovered another stipen-
diarie in the said p'she churche ordeyned and founde likewise
by the mayor and burgesses of Lancaster, with the pfitte of c'ten-
landes called St. Patrick's lands, given to the towne, w'ch lands
otherwise have been ymployed to the mayntenance of bridges and
other uses as nede hath requyred. John Yates was the incumbent
in 1547, but nothing is known either of him or of the donor of
these lands."

The Oliverian Survey, made 17th June, 1650, states "that
St. Mary's Church, Lancaster, is a vicarage, presentative by George
Towlinson, and that the tithes of corn and grain, within most part
of the parish, are impropriate to Sir Robert Bindloss, Bart., and
his heirs, and farmed at ^5 10s. per annum, or thereabouts. The



526 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



survey enumerates eighteen townships, villages, or hamlets, con-
tained within the parish, one of which is Toxteth Park, at the
distance of fifty miles. Belonging- to the vicarage were twenty-seven
acres of glebe land, near the Church of Lancaster, and the vicar
had the tithes of corn and grain only in Lancaster, Thurnham and
Glasson; Boldsbury and Midghow, in Myerscough ; and in wool,
pig, geese, hay, hemp, flax, and small tithes in Lancaster, Skerton,
Bare and Torrisholme, and most of the parish. Twenty years ago,
the whole profits of the vicarage were estimated at ^280 per
annum ; and the Chapels dependent were Wyresdale, Admarsh in
Bleasdale, Overton, Toxteth, Stalmine, Gressingham, which were
provided with maintenance for ministers from the revenue."

The Chalice in use at St. Mary's Church is richly chased and
is adorned with precious stones. It is inscribed "To the glory of
God and in Memory of Lieutenant Charles Gibson Michaelson, R.
N., presented in affectionate remembrance by some of his brother
officers." The date of the sacred vessel is 1883. The Paten is
similarly engraved. The Flagon is said to date from the time of
the Charleses.

Church Belt, Ringers.

The ringing loft of the tower in connection with St. Mary's
Church, is one of the neatest and cleanest I have ever visited for
some vears. It is far different from what it used to be some sixteen
vears ago, still it is not exactly as it ought to be so far as appoint-
ment goes. In the best ringing chambers a lavatory is to be found
in each, and the churchwardens ought to see to it that one is
introduced into their own ringing loft. The ringers, I observed
were a most intelligent octave of men, and their conductor who is
quite an enthusiast in bell-ringing, spoke in very high terms of them
and the splendid punctuality which prevails as Sunday after Sunday
comes round. There is no bad language, no drinking, no bickering
and quibbling ; arguments follow after some proposal or suggestion
sometimes, but the good feeling of the circle is never in any way



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 527



spoiled by them. In a chest is a beautiful set of hand-bells. The
tones of those 1 heard being rich and mellow; then there are
music books and a large scrap book, into which is placed reports of
visits to various Churches for the purpose of ringing special peals.
About six of the ringers are adepts in several catchy tunes, and
while playing they will handle from thirty-six to forty bells. The
rules of the Ringing Chamber are as follow: —

St. Mary's Parish Church Tower. — Rules.

1. — That the complement of Ringers shall consist of eight

2. — That each Ringer shall he in the steeple on Sunday, at 9-45 a.m. and
5-45 p.m., or submit to a fine of one penny for every five minutes until io-io a.m.
and 6-10 p.m. The same rule applying to Tuesday night practice, commencing at
7-15 p.m. until 7-45 p.m. when the tine shall cease.

}. — That each Ringer shall be in the tower on the night of December 24th,
and that of December 31st, at a quarter before 12, or be fined fourpence for every
five minutes up to 20 minutes past 12 o'clock, when the fine shall cease.

4. — That should any Ringer use any improper language or strike another
Ringer, or enter the loft in a state of intoxication he shall be fined one shilling for
each offence, and for smoking while within the ringing room or premises of the
tower he shall be fined sixpence.

5. — That should any Ringer be absent owing to sickness he shall be exempt
from fine or fines.

6. — That should any Ringer come to the tower at the fixed time and then
go out during the period in which his services are in demand, he shall be fined
sixpence. The only exemption from such fine being sudden illness or circumstances
of serious nature over which he has no control.

Proposed by T. J. Parker and seconded by W. H. Hirst, that these rules
shall come into force on Sunday, the 30th day of January, 1887.

The diameters and weights of the bells are as follow: —









w


eights.






Diameter.


Cwts.


(Jrs. Lbs.


Notes.


I


2


7H


6


•2 13


!>/;


2


2


sx


7


O 20


C


3


2


n}4


9


2


Bi


4


-■»




2/2


10


2 4


A/>


5


3


6/s


... 13


I 23


C/j


6




9 3 4


17


4


1


7


4


2J4


22


O 2


Eb


8


4


sy s


... 31


O 14


Bb



528 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER



Peal Ringing.

On Tuesday, March 22nd, 1S87, in three hours and three minutes, a peal of
grandsire triples, 50,040 changes. Taylor's Bob and single variations. Tenor,
31 cwts., 14 lbs.

Robert S. Hirst, treble; William Clayton, 2 ; Robert Walker. 3 ; William
Jackson, 4; Thomas J. Parker, 5; William II. Hirst, 6; Robert Tohnson, 7; Robert
Suart, tenor. Conducted by Robert S. Hirst.

This is the first peal on the new bells which were presented by James

Williamson, M.P.

Canon Allen, D.D., Vicar.

™ , , i W, T. Sharp.

Churchwardens, { T Hatch

Mr. R. S. Hirst, the conductor of the belfry of St. Mary's Church, has a
class which he is instructing in the art of hand-bel! ringing.

The old bells of St. Mary's Church bore the following names and dates
upon them :— No. 1, 1747; 2, re-cast 1S46, Abram Seward; 3, 1774; 4, re-cast,
1846, Abram Seward, 5, 1744: Prosperity to the port and parish of Lancaster;
6, 1786, Jamc- Moore; 7, re-cast, 1846. Abram Seward; 8, 1744.

The great bell bore many names, among them being those of John
Brockbank, Christopher Malley, Robert Foxcroft, Thomas Harrison, and Richard
Gardner, &c, 1744. The weight of the bells ranged from 8 cwt. to 23^ cwts., and
the diameters from 2 ft., 7 in., and 3 ft. to 4 ft., 2 in. On No. 6 were the words
" Paulo Majora." Two of the old bells are now in St. John's steeple and one at the
Ripley Hospital.

" Ring out the old, ring in the new.
Ring out the false, ring in the true."

Names of Bell Ringers at St. Mary's Church, 1891.

Robert Sutcliffe Hirst, Conductor; Thomas John Parker, William Jackson,
William Clayton, William Henry Hirst, Robert Walker. Robert Suart, tenor,
Henry Wilcock.

The parapet wall of the tower is, by marine observation 240 9-ioths feet
above the sea, by level from the New Quay, by the marine surveyors, 240 6-loths
ordnance surveyor, 241.



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER 529



Ringers at St. Thomas's Church, 1891.

Bryan Edmondson, Conductor; Robert Tatham Edmondson, Henr 1 oope,

John Coope, Edward Proctor Middleton, John Robinson.

Ringers at St. Peter's Church, 1891.

P. Mulligan, Conductor; J. Wilson, \V. Crook, R. Wilson, R. Bibby,
J. Lennon, W. Wearing, P. Finn.

Old Names formerly Attached to Pews in St. Mary's Church.

James Fenton, D.D., Vicar.
Thomas Sherson, Esq., Mayor.
John Tarleton, 1693.
Richard Simpson, 1693.
Rt. Westmore, 1693.

The above names appear on strips of wood evidently taken
from the old pews. They are to be seen on the south wall of the
vestry.

The parish records contain a resolution concerning the old
Church gates, removed about 1862 from the top of the Church
steps. It is thus: — "July 16th, 1761. That the gates at t he
entrance leading into the Churchyard shall be made of wrought
iron, and that Mr. Edward Ford, the present churchwarden, shall
have the liberty and power of contracting with any workman for
that purpose, and that a sufficient assessment shall be laid to defray
the expenses thereof." The records subsequently state that it was
ordered that ''the sum of fifty pounds be raised by an assessment
of the parish for paying for and erecting the iron gates leading
into the Church." In 1891 at the adjourned Easter Vestry Meeting
it was decided to rail off the graveyard and to improve the east
w T indow.



M2



5so TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER



Lancaster Educationally.

Educationally Lancaster stands in every sense in an enviable
position, All the schools of an elementary character are well
conducted, their principals being persons of energetic dispositions
ever anxious to make their children a credit to them. Annually
concerts are given by the schools at Christmas, and the public
have an opportunity of judging of the capabilities of the scholars of
the various schools, both from these entertainments and the reports
of the Diocesan Inspector.

The Eriends' School.

This school, says Mr. Walmsley, was established in 1690,
and subsequently endowed to the amount of ^70. The masters
during the past 50 years have been : — J. Clarke, W. Batt, Jas.
Wood, Geo. Aldridge, Jas. Walmesley, L.L.B.

The Boys' Blue Coat School has long ago been merged into
the National School. The original school dates back to the year
1770. Among the earlier masters were John Pawson, succeeded
by John Smith, appointed in January, 1701.

The Charity School for Girls, formerly the Blue Coat School,
bears the representation of a scroll inscription in old English
characters, held by two girls dressed in the costume of the school.
The lettering - is as follows : - " This school was rebuilt and enlarged
by the bounty of Richard Newsham, Esq., of Preston, and Agnes
Bowes, his wife, and other friends of education, an extension being-
granted by William Eord, Esq., and his sister ■ r>. 1849." ^ n a
back apartment on a stone inserted in the wall is this information:
" Charitv Schools for Girls, in which they are educated and clothed,
supported by subscriptions and donations. Instituted A.D. 1772."
The premises began to be used as a Charity School in 1879. 1 ne
children are educated free but not found in clothing. There is no
government grant. On the facade of the Girls' National School is



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 531



this inscription: — "Built by public subscription, A.D. 1820, to
establish order, check vice, and uphold virtue. National School
for Girls. " A list of past mistresses was promised but has not
come to hand.

Past Masters of the Boys' National School.

Robert Johnson, J. Leytham, John English Preston, died
April 26th, 1851, aged 62, buried at Doncaster, J. T. Preston,
Robert Satterthwaite, J. R. Suddalby, H.Gooeh. This school was
instituted in 181 7, and rebuilt in 1850.

The Mechanics' Institute, to which was added an Apprentices'
Library, dates from 1825. In the last month of the year a meeting
was held at the Royal Oak Inn (now the premises of Messrs.
Mansergh & Sons), when it was decided that such an institution
would be a benefit to the borough. Its first site was the house of
Mr. William Rothery, bookseller, Mary Street. Mr. B. Dockray,
a well-known member of the Society of Friends, was the donor of a
number of useful books, and took much interest in the development
and general well-being of this new venture in the way of intellectual
improvement of the young men of the town. Ultimately, the insti-
tute was removed to Back Sun Street, then to Penny Street, and,
finally, to Market Street.

List of Librarians of the Mechanics' Institute.

There has been a little difficulty in obtaining a list of the
past librarians of the Mechanics' Institute. A gentleman has, how-
ever, kindly sent me the following names : —

Mark Irving, resigned in 1844 ; succeeded by Isaac Robinson
January, 1845, after whom came Joseph Bell in 1864-5 ; James
Mount in 1875-6, and Mrs. Mount in 1886-7.

From the official account of the Receipts and Disbursements
of the Duchy of Lancaster, in the year ended December, 1890,



532 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



promptly supplied by the Duchy Office, I find that the Receipts in the
year 1890, amounted to ^7 1,999 9 s - 9^- According to the Clergy
list the value of Duchy Church patronage in 1891 was ,£15,633.
[See page 415, Clergy List, Kelly & Co.]

Seals of the Duchy and County Palatine of Lancaster.

There are two distinct Seals for the Duchy and County
Palatine of Lancaster. The Seal of the Duchy is in the custody of
the Chancellor of the Duchy ; that of the Count}- Palatine, also in
the custody of the Chancellor of the Duchy and Palatine, is kept
at Lancaster, in the care of the Keeper of the Seal. All grants
and leases of lands, tenements, and offices in the County Palatine
must pass under the Seal of the County Palatine, and no other ; all
grants and leases of lands, tenements, and offices out of the County
Palatine, yet within the Duchy Survey, must pass under the Seal of
the Duchy, and no other Seai. The custom is to seal all deeds, &c,
within the County with both Seals ; those lands, &c, not within the
County, with the Duchy Seal only. The first recorded Chancellor
of the Duchy and County Palatine was one Thomas de Thelwall
(17th April, 51 Edward III) ; but Sir Henry de Haydock was
Chancellor previously, so it appears, to Henry, first Duke of Lan-
caster (34 Edward III). Then Ralph de Ergham seems to have
succeeded Thelwall.

Old Books Referring to the County.

Of ancient works concerning Lancashire the following rare
ones may be mentioned. They are copied from Mr. Clark's MSS.
and dated 1807 :— " A punctuall relation of the passages in Lanca-
shire this weeke containing the taking of Houghton Tower by the
Parliament's Forces, &c. How the Earl of Darbie's forces made an
outset on the town of Boulton, &c, the taking of the Towne and
Castle of Lancaster by Sergeant Major Birch. London : 1643, 4to."
"The wonderful discoverie of witches in the County ot Lancaster,
with the trial of nineteen notorious witches at Lancaster Assizes,
August 6, 1612, &c, by Thomas Potts, Esq., 1613, 4to."



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 533



The Black Hole, mentioned on page 201, probably takes its
name from the "Black Hole" at Calcutta, in India, rendered
memorable in Indian History, owing- to the dispute Suraja Dowlah
had with the East Indian Company, and the investment of the city
when the feeble garrison consisting of 146 persons were compelled
to capitulate and afterwards imprisoned in a place only eighteen
feet square, it which 123 of their number were suffocated for want
of air. This wholesale murder occured on the 20th June, 1756.



A Degraded Mayor.

In 1680 one Thomas Corless was degraded and excluded
from "ever again serving as mayor, owing to his having been
"drunk at fairs, assizes, and other public and private times," and
also having "received moneys heretofore given by well disposed
people to the poor prisoners in the Castle of Lancaster, and never
as yet paid the same unto them." The Articles of Charge are nine
in number. The fourth states thai he imprisoned many inhabitants
many hours at a time, and turned them forth again without laying
anything to their charge or examining them touching any pretended
misdemeanours. The fifth article charges him with appropriating
moneys by charging the town stocks, &c.;the sixth that he sate
drinking with idle persons, neglected the town's business, and when
desired by the bailiffs to do his duty used language scurrilous and
unbefitting his position. The seventh article states that he sold
ale contrary to the law, which forbids a mayor during his mayoralty
to sell ale. It appears he also sold liquors called strong waters
and Vaideperie. The ninth clause states that " for the reasons
aforesaid Mr. Corless is altogether unfit, unskilled, useless,
unnecessary et ignotus in valgus, and therefore pernicious to the
body and ought to be removed."



30



4



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



Some Master Mariners who Sailed from the Port of Lancaster

FROM 1755

To the West Indian Islands and Africa (Captains of Vessels — Letters of Marque,

Chartered, cv_c. )



This list has been compiled from tombstones,
old documents and information obtained from
various parishes ; from an aged Lancastrian who
forwarded a list of about forty names, to which
particulars have been carefully added, a work
entailing much research. It may be taken as
approximate, for il is impossible in some instances
where sameness of names and like uates alone are
available, to give every item with the accuracy
so desirable in compilations of this nature. Un-
: h uu lately there are no old ship books left in
Lancaster for reference. Every inquiry has been
carefully made with a view to securing a
correct return of master mariners of this port
sailing to the West Indian Islands and to Africa.
Where the interrogation sign appears, the same
represents a doubt as to whether the mariner was
a native of 1 or district.

Principal Men hants and Shipbrokers in 1S01-
/,-. -Atkinson and Willock, Arthur Armitstead,
John Bond . George Danson, John Dodson, R.
and I. Edm m Ison, Thomas Gi ■ rge Kirk-

ham, John I reon, I.i A nd Co., Mason

and Burrow (afterwards Burrow and Nottage,
Market .Street,', Ripley and Jackson, John San
derson and < Sun Street, Procter and Wood,
John Satterthwaite, Welsh ami Eskrigge. Ship-
builders. — John Brockbank and Sons, Caleb
Smith anil Co., Worthington and Ashburner.

Atkinson, Richard. Married in July. 1788, to
Miss Simpson, daughter ofR. Simpson.

Atkinson, Mar (1818.) Married

to Miss Margaret Williamson, of Pier Hall,
Glasson, December, 1820.

Atkinson. I Mildred.' Lost with all

Gulf of Florida in 1800, aged 29.

Atkinson ' ' '■• id before 1819.

Atkinson, J. G., ' Layton,' 498 tons, in 1814.
Married Anne, eldest daughter of David Erskine,
q. oorool, at Calcutta, July 2nd, 1817.

Ashburner, John, sloop 'Hope.' Married
Miss Bessie Rimmer, in October, 1793.

\ mstrong. Benj., ' Lord St. Vincent.' Died

]ISt,]

Affleck, William, 'Henry and 'Juno,' of

Lane 1 I iverj I. Married Miss Jackson

in, in January 1802. Drowned in July,
[80 Hi laughter married David Han-

n.iy, Esq., of Loch bank Castle, Douglas, W.B.,
August ^ 1 st, 1822.

Aikin David, "Vim. andalsoofthe 'Ven-
erable.' Died on the 16th August, 1805, on his
1 1 1 -^age from Jamaii i ,

Alston. Thomas, ' Neptune.' Died at sea,
June iotb, 1807. aged p >,

Arm:' hn, ' Craven Legion.' Married

Mrs. Hebden, of Braisty Wood, near Ripon,
April 13th, 1811.

Anderson, farm (?) 'Jane,' (Liverpool ship).
Died I un< I 'Is [815, at Old Calabar.

Angel. Wm. ('.') 'Olive Branch.'

Allanby, John (sailed on Liverpool ships).
Died on the mill March, ai Cark, near Cartmel,
at a great age. He was twice confined in a
French prison and suffered many hardships. He
was the first captain who placed his name as a
subscriber to the Pile of Foudry lighthouse.



Arkle, Matthew, master of the "Mary'' or
' Maries, and other vessels. Vixit 1891 (born
1818), went to sea in 1830, and 32 years a captain.

Benn, ].. ' Amphion ' and 'Perseverance.'
A 1 Captain Benn lived at Carus Lodge.

Blundell Richard. Married Mary, only daughter
of Luke Hemer, of Liverpool. Is named as 'of
this pi 1 .

Braithwaite, Jas., Thrown overboard by an
ccident on board the "Favourite," October,

Braithwaite, fas. No vessel named. Died
May 23rd, 1818, aged 68.

Bousheld, 'Ceres' (see Charnley). No entry
concerning him.

w, 'Triton in 1803. Died November
22nd, 1806.

Edward, 'Mary' and 'Hannah'
1 1 .1

Barfow, R. Belonged to Ulverston. Married
Miss M. I low nass, of Middleton, Yorkshire. May
16th, 1818.

Bragg, John, 'The Brothers,' 256 tons, ami
afterwards of the 'James,' 317 tons. 'Eliza' and
'Halcyon.' Married Miss Smith, 4th September,
1809.

1 g, Wm.. 'Chatham.' Married Miss Mary

W'ray, of Whitby, in January, 1830.

Barwick, William. Died February 1st, i8o5,
late of Penny Bridge.

I nes, II.. 'Apollo' in 1811.

Philip. Died September 8th, 1822,
aged 77.

Bridge, [nomas, Brutus. Died August 29th,

. 1 Monte Video.
Bond, John. Married Miss Alice Woodhouse,
1 ( )i ,-i ton, May 14th. i8ri.
Barge, William, sloop 'Pembroke' in 1S12.
Bigland, John. fried at Cartmel. August
22nd, 1823.

Bouskell, Thomas. Died 2nd June, 1793, aged
t \. A soil Garnet who died at Dominica, March,
1 81 5, aged 24.

James, of Seatiithvvaite.
Briggs, Robert. Born in 1826; went to sea in
1S42. Vix., 1891.

Bond, — , 'Regular.' Married Miss Mary
Thorpe, of Liverpool.
Bloor, — ? 'Lune, (1816).

Brown. John, of Haverthwaite. Died June
18th, 1822, aged 84.

Brown, James, 'Molly.' Died June 27th,
1823. on coast nf Africa, aged 27.

B01 : 'Eliza' (1816.) _

Bell, W., 'Cumberland,' Died at Maryport,
21 lii Vpril. 1819.

Chew. Richard, died at Martinque in Decem-
ber, 1801. A daughter married Mr. Henry
Hudson.

Chew, Thomas. (No particulars found up to
present time.)

Conolley, — .('.'), married Miss Coffield in 1806,
ofEllesmere Boat House, Liverpool.

Charnley, John, 'Thetis' (letter of marque.)
This officer fell in with the French privateer
'Buonaparte' about the 8th of November, 1804.
The French vessel held 16 or iS guns and was



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



535



manned by 215 men. The 'Thetis' sailed from
Cork for Barbadoes in company with Captain
Bousfield of the 'Ceres' and Captain Robinson oi
the ' Penelope.' Four times did Captain Charnley

intly repulse tin I rench. ! [1 had tw n
killed and five I abitants of St.

Dominica presented him with a piece of plate
£240 to be divided amongst his crew for bravely
bear 1 French with only 45 men againsl

215. Buys at the Lancaster Free Grammai
School used to sing a local ditty in praise of
Captain Charnley seventy or eighty years ago.



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