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Whalley, of Lancaster, Esq., who died September the 22nd, 1882.
This window is erected by her sons." The subject of the stained
work is "Christ the Light of this World." The corresponding
window on the south side, the subject of which is "The Good
Shepherd," is thus inscribed : — " To the glory of God and in loving
memory ot Frances Mary, daughter of the late Joseph Whalley, of
Lancaster, Esq., who died April 18th, 1882, this window is placed
by her brothers."

At the south side of the chancel, or portion of the church
where the chancel should be, is a window representing the Patron
Saint of the Church. It is inserted " In memory of Richard Clark,
of Cross Hill, who died on the 13th of February, 1838." A lancet
light in the south aisle bears the figures of "Christ and his disciples;"
also an open bible with these words displayed upon its pages "Blessed
are the poor in spirit for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven," and, like-
wise, the well-known symbol of the "Trinity." This window is a
memorial of "The Rev. Enoch Brosser, of Yale Cottage, who
died December 2 1 st, a.d. 1854, aged 71 years. Also Emma Brosser,
wife of the above, who died October 30th, 1866, aged 81 years."

There is an elegant eagle lectern in brass and the Bible it
bears is labelled within "Presented to the Rev. J. Brack by the
Churchwardens and Sunday School Teachers of St. Luke's Church,
Skerton, as a small token of their esteem. Christmas, 1882."

The Prayer Desk on the south side is inscribed within :— St.
Luke's, Skerton. The gift of the Rev. Samuel Simpson, M.A.,
January 1st, 1871."

The organ occupies a position on the north side of the Com-
munion, or east end, of the Church. It was erected by George
Greenall, organ builder, of Lancaster.



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



330



There are about forty-two centre pews, eight of which are
marked "Free." There are nineteen on the north side and twenty-
one on the south side, eight of which, four on either side, are also
" Free." Altogether there are eighty-two pews, sixteen of which
are free, and six choir stalls. There is a gallery at the west end.



In the Vestry is a Scale of interment, vault, and gravestone



charges.



Single vault or grave, exclusive right of burial

Burial fees for same ...

A double vault or grave, exclusive right of burial ...

Burial dues according to Sexton's labour.

A chest over a single or double vault of stone

Rails over a double vault or grave

Over a single vault or grave

An upright or flat stone

Re-opening a single vault ...

Re-opening a grave over which there is a headstone or a flat stone

An ordinary grave for one over twelve years old, burial dues inclusive

An ordinary grave for one of one year of age and over, burial dues inclusive

Infants under twelve months, burial dues inclusive

Non-parishioners double dues.





s.
3


d.
o


o


15


6


. 6


6


o






o


■ 5


5


o


2


IO


o


I


i


o


2


2


o


.


7


6


O


IO


o


e o


7


6


. o


5


o



John Brack, Vicar.
William Hall, \
Tnos. A. Vince, /



Churchwardens.



In the churchyard are many beautiful marble monuments to
departed parishioners and others. Here are a few of the inscrip-
tions. First I noticed a large granite pillar thus engraved —



in memory
of John Fitzsimons,
district manager of the l. & n.w. railway,
many years manager of the l. & c. line,

DIED IzJTH MARCH, 1880,
AGED 68 YEARS.



556 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



Another stone is

in memory of

The Rev. John Swainson

rector of epperstone,

county notts, who died

at morecambe, november iith, 1853,

AGED 46.
ALSO OF

Nancy, his wife,
who died at great malvern,

MAY I2TH, 1873,
AGED 63.

' Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord.'

Two neat marble slabs cover the remains of two members
of the Moore family. The first is

in memory of

Niven Moore, c.b.,

late consul general ix syria,

who died at london, february i5th, 1 889,

aged 93 years.

' I know that my Redeemer liveth.'

The second is

in memory of

The Rev. Bernard Moore,

rector of bayfield,

who died at crook, april i4th, 1884,,

aged 84 years.

' I know that my Redeemer liveth.'

The remains of the late historian of Lancaster, the Rev.
Robert Simpson, Incumbent of Skerton about five years, were laid
at the east end of this burial yard, and a flat stone, with an iron



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 557



railing- round it, bears this record :—

SACRED

to the memory of

The Rev. Robert Simpson, m.a.

incumbent of st. luke's, skerton,

who departed this life may 6th, 1855,

aged 58 years.

'To him to live was Christ, therefore to die was g"ain.'

I observed an upright stone the centre of which was hollowed
out in the shape of a cross, the space being- intended for flowers.
The space is made level with the surface of the headstone by a
facing of glass. This original device, anything similar to which 1
have not seen outside London, perpetuates the memory of Elizabeth
Ann, wife of John Gray, who died January 16th, 1883, aged 35 years.
A dark headstone commemorates the Townleys. It is inscribed : —

SACRED

to the memory of
Arthur Townley, of Skerton,
who died june 2nd, 1 834,
(the first male interred in this yard,)

aged 43 years.

also Jennet Elizabeth, his daughter,

who died July 7TH, 1830,

aged 16 months.

also Ellen, his daughter,

who died july 2 2nd, 1 837,

aged 18 years.
(A verse follows this last name).

also Rebecca, widow of the above,
who died august 2 i st, 1 878,

AGED 8l YEARS.



558 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



Among other graves are those of "Jonathan Dunn, of Rye-
ands, who died May 2nd, 1S57, aged 78. The stone states that
" He was one of the chief promoters of the building of Skerton
Church, and, as one of the Trustees, ever took an earnest interest
in the objects for which it was erected. " Blessed is he that con-
sidered the poor." — Psalm xli., 6.

Then there are the Housman tombs, one of which is —

" Sacred to the memory of William Vernon Housman, eldest
son of William and Mary Housman, of St. John's Wood, London,
who, whilst pursuing his studies at the University of Edinburgh,
giving promise of future eminence in the profession of medicine, was
attacked with symptons of consumption, and whilst journeying
towards home in the hope that change of air might be blessed to
the restoration of his health, it pleased God to bring down his
strength in his journey and shorten his days. He died at Lancaster,
on the 10th of April, 1839, in the 20th year of his age, and his
remains rest by the side of his paternal grandfather, the Rev. Robert
Housman. ' Be still and know that I am God.' "

On the left is the Hat stone which informs the reader that —

here lie the remains of

Robert Housman,

the founder and for above forty years

the incumbent of st. anne's, lancaster,

born 25th february, ij50,

died 23rd april, 1838.

The name, Robert Eletcher Housman, of Lune Bank, is to
be seen near to. This gentleman was born May ist, 1807, died
July 8th, 1872. He wrote the life of the founder of St. Anne's
Church.

In the new part of the ground is a memorial:

"In loving memory of Agnes, widow of Robert Fletcher
Housman; born March 21st, 1807; died August 14th, 188S." The



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 559



memorial stone is a larg - e handsome rock, on which a cross is laid,
signifying the cross of life laid down.

Other memorials mark the graves ol~ Thomas G. Dodson,
second son of the late John Dodson, Esq., of Lancaster, who
departed this life December 5th, 1846, aged 25 years — of Sarah
Howes Lucas, the beloved wife of the Rev. Edmund Clay, B.A.,
Incumbent of St. Luke's, Skerton, who died December 20th, 1847,
aged 23 years — of Jane Robinson, relict of Joseph Robinson, Esq.,
of Cargo Hill, who died June 27th, 1858, in her 96th year — of
Eleanor, wife of John Woodhouse, of Scale Hall, who died April
21st, 1884, aged 58 years, and of John Woodhouse, who died Sep-
tember 8th, 1887, aged 62 years — and of Stephen Ross, of Lancaster,
son of Henry Ross, West India Merchant, of Liverpool, who died
October 4th, 1869, and of Charlotte, his wife, who died April 28th,
1859 (no age given). Henry Ross, solicitor, of Lincoln's Inn, also
appears below.

The last inscription commemorates one "James Embley,
who died the 1st day of February, i860, aged 74 years. The last
words of this poor imbecile were ' I am going, they will put me
down; be in better place to-morrow." Very significant words
from such a man, arguing much in favour of a future state. A
sketch of the old man appears at the head of the tomb.

Tombs in memory of families named Greene, Bond, Tatham,
Stirzaker, Hinde, Jackson, Pritt, Thompson, Kendal and Balder-
ston are likewise to be met with in this burial ground. Joseph
Eastwood, who died June 27th, 1875, aged 74; Robert Aldren, who
died June 13th, 1868, aged 76 ; William Satterthwaite, who died
August 28th, 1865, aged 69 ; and George Danson, who died May
1 6th, 1869, in his 52nd year, are names which represent some
well known local characters of the past.

During the present Vicar's time, extending over a period of
more than twenty years, large sums of money have been raised in



5 6o TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER



connection with the Church and Schools. During the first year of
his Vicariate the whole income of the benefice from all sources was
only ^70, now it amounts to nearly ^300. The Church was
restored in 1882, at a cost of over ^1,000. The Schools have been
enlarged and also the Burial Ground. Altogether, during the last
eighteen years ^"8,000 have been raised for special purposes in
connection with Church work in Skerton.

In connection with the Church there are St. Luke's National
Schools. Mr. Christopher Pickering is the Head Master of the
Mixed School, and Miss F. Bond head mistress of the Infant
School. These Schools have been under Government Inspection
since 1870. They were enlarged in 1877, a * a cost of about ^900.
They have an endowment of the value of ^27 a year, by Charities
named the Williamson and Jepson Charities. The trustees of these
Charities, by a recent order of the Charity Commissioners, are the
Vicar and Churchwardens for the time being of St. Luke's Church.

There are two bells in the tower of the Church.

There is a Wesleyan Chapel which dates from March, 1868.
The foundation stone of the new school behind it was laid on the
15th October, 1884, by Mrs. James Helme. An old Skertonian
informed me that the Skerton Wesleyans first met in a house at the
corner of Anchor Lane, and subsequently at the premises now
occupied by Mr. Trow. The Primitive Methodist Chapel, a small
edifice formed out of a private house, dates from 1875, says the
Rev. R. Church.

The British School, erected in 1890-91, was opened in April,
1891. The cost, I hear, is about ^3,999. Principal, Mr. J. N.
Armstsong.

Charities.

There are three Charities connected with the parish and
township of Skerton, which I shall best describe by reproducing the



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. ^"



remarks of R. Durnford, Esq., AssisLant Charily Commissioner,

made at the recent inquiry held on the i ith oi' March, [891.

"The charities of Henry Williamson, Jane Jepson, and a donor
unknown but which had gone by the name of Money's charity. The
first trust deed was dated 25th March, 1734, and it recited that Jane
Jepson had given into the hands of John Housman the sum of;£ioo
for certain purposes, one of which was that the sum of ,^.00 should
be employed in building or purchasing a schoolhouse in Skerton, and
that any surplus which might remain after the erection of such house
should be lent out at interest and the yearly produce thereof paid to
a schoolmaster for the teaching of poor children. The trust <.\c^o\ of
Henry Williamson was dated the 10th February, 1707, and by it he
bequeathed to certain persons jQ 100 to be placed upon good security
or in the stocks or purchase land and apply the yearly produce
' towards teaching young children belonging to the township to
read the Bible, write, knit or sew, and if any overplus should be,
that the same should be laid out in clothing such children as should
be indigent." Then there was also the charity of the donor unknown,
called Money's Charity. It appeared that there was an indenture,
bearing date 13th December, 1760, which recited an indenture of
mortgage dated 2nd November, 1750, whereby two messuages and
a garden situate in Skerton had been mortgaged to James Rig-
maiden and Peter Cock, trustees on behalf of the inhabitants of
Skerton for securing the sum of ^28 with interest, to be applied
towards the support of the poor inhabitants of Skerton. It further
recited that the deed of mortgage had been lost, and that Elizabeth
Money and John Money demised the same premises for 1,000 years
to James Rigmaiden and Peter Cock in trust for the use of the
township under a proviso that the same should be void on the pay-
ment of ^,28 with interest, and by two further endorsements on the
mortgage of 1750 the premises had been charged with two further
sums of £2 and £$, and that there was due for principal and
interest ^40 2s. 1 1 V-jd. It also recited that John Money had agreed
with Peter Cock and Henry Williamson, who had been appointed
sidesman in the room of James Rigmaiden. for the release of the



02



562 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER



equity of redemption of the premises for ^.20 2s. iiV 2 d., and on
the payment of this sum the redemption of the property was released
upon trust to employ the rents and profits from the premises towards
the support and maintenance of the poor inhabitants of the township
of Skerton. It was further stated that the premises derived under
the deed consisted of four houses and a shippon. Three of the
houses and the shippon were let to yearly tenants at rents of
^4, ^2, 12s., and £2 2s. The Williamson Charity was bequeathed
by Henry Williamson by his will dated 10th of February, 171)7.
to the sidesmen of Skerton. Jane Jepson's Charity, at its inception,
was conveyed to John Rigmaiden and Nicholas Carver, two of the
twenty-four men, or sidesmen of Skerton, and Thomas Wakefield,
churchwarden.

Old HorsE>.

There are some old houses in Skerton. first comes the old
Fish house, over the door of which is a salmon and the date, 1650,
on the left hand, while on the right is the letter S. This house
once belonged to the Beaumont Fisher) .

Other houses hear the following' initials and date-. :





L.


R.


E.




1714.




W.


J.


11.




[73 6 -




A.


R


M.




'7<'3-




A.


R.


M.




1824.



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 563



There is a thoroughfare called Kiln Lane. Probably a Kylna
or drying house for corn stood somewhere near in Saxon times, and
the name has survived.

The houses on the Skerton side of the river, forming the
terrace, stand on what is still known as the Kind's Meadow. The
land would receive its name owing to its close proximity to the
" King's Highway" which passed o\uv the Lune.

The old County Police Station was built in i860.

The new one erected in 1889, is a fine edifice, costing about
£.'5,000. The main block of the building is 150 feet in length and
has a facade of "blocking courses" or rock-faced ashlar stone. The
width at the end o\ the superintendent's house is 40 feet 6 inches ,
the opposite end 54 feet 6 inches. There are four cells. The
Weights and Measures Office is in Barley Cop Lane. Times and
aspects have changed hereabouts since the eccentric Matthias Saul
had his tower-like summer-house at the end of this lane. Going
beyond the County Constabulary you see on your right the elevated
structure in what was known as Birkett's Tea Gardens. This place
was disposed of bv the Birketts to the Housmans, who sold it to the
Ellershaws, and from the latter it passed to the Horsfalls.

The road now called Morecambe Road used to be known
as Bracken Lane long before it was designated Poulton Lane.

Mr. Wilson, builder, has an old deed dated 1758, the parties
to it being Zecharv Hubberstey, William Thornton and Catherine
his wife, Efrancis Atkinson and Thomas Bell of Lancaster, Inn-
keeper. Attached to this document is a plan of certain lots oi land
"to be sold on Wednesday the 5th of January 1757." This plan
shows Thornton Street, since called "Captain Thompson Row,"
Back Alley, behind Thornton Street, Cross Street running from
Thornton Street to the turnpike, Thornton's Croft and the new road
to Skerton. The sites of Skerton Cross, Skerton Cross Barn and



564 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER



the old Cross gate are clearly indicated. The deed mentions Dr.
Fenton, the Rev. Thomas Hunter, Vicar of Garstang, Charles
Lambert, gentleman, and James Collinson as the surviving execu-
tors of William Stratford, doctor of Laws, &c. ; it is endorsed
thus : — " William Thornton and others to Thomas Beck, ffeofment of
Lot No. 2, in a Held near Skerton Cross. Consn. £19."

Of old Hostelries done away with may be named, first, the
Inn with the sign which bore this simple couplet.

The gate hangs free, and in there's nunc,
Refresh ami pay and travel on.

This Inn was abolished fort)" years ago. The Hand and Heart, last
kepi by Thomas Winder, the Horse and Farrier and the Bird in
Hand are likewise now existent only in old men's memories.

Inseparably connected with the old Millstone Inn, kept by
William Carter, Robert Wilkinson, and John Thompson, is the
story of the dog "Jack" belonging to Mr. Wilkinson, a dog which
regularly attended his work in connection with the Skerton fisherv
as if he had been a fisherman. During the time the men were
drawing "Jack" would swim round the outside of the net, and by
barking and other means try to drive out of the shallow water am'
fish endevouring to escape. This dog was painted on the sign
above the door at the Millstone. When Mr. William Carter and
Mr. Robert Blackburn rented the fisherv as much as a ton of fish
per day was caught at Skerton.

Mr. Carter remained tenant of the Millstone until the Halton
Hall estate was again disposed of, in 1&32, by auction. The
population of rural Skerton (1891) is 311.

The Rev. Robert Simpson, M.A.

The Rev. Robert Simpson, M.A., author of the "History of
Lancaster" was born in Derby, in 1796, and after graduating at
Queen's College, Cambridge, was ordained, and afterwards was con-






TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER 56;



nected as minister with several churches in Derby. Leaving Derby, in
1832, he went to Newark-on-Trent, where he remained until 1843,
when, health compelling him to seek a milder climate, he settled at
Clifton (Bristol), officiating at St. Paul's, Portland Square, during
the greater part of the next seven years, leaving, in 1850, for St.
Puke's, Skerton, near Lancaster, where he continued until his death
which took place on the 6th oi' May, 1855. In addition to the
" History of Lancaster," Mr. Simpson was also the author of a
" History of Derby," in 2 vols., (1826), "A Clergyman's Manual,"
(1842), and various volumes of Sermons and other subjects, also a
Primer for the use of Sunday Schools, which has been extensively
used by the Church Missionary Society in its various stations in all
parts of the world.

[Kindly communicated by a member of the family.)



SCOTPORTH.

In the Testa de Nevill it is recorded that William Fitz Gilbert
gave to Hugh Norman two carucates (160 acres), in Scotforth, to
be held in Knight's service. This place has passed through the
families of Lancaster, Gynes or Coucy, Coupeland, Lawrence,
Gerard and Hamilton, a fourth part of the manor being held by
John, Duke of Bedford, in the reign oi Henry VI. A number of the
Scottish rebels, in 1745, were quartered in the village, but did not
annoy the inhabitants. An Act of Parliament for enclosing lands
in the township of Scotforth, in the parish of Lancaster, was passed
on the 5th of May, 1806. Burrow, formerly Burrough, is a small
hamlet in this township, oi which, says Haines, the name indicates
antiquity.



566 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



St. Paul's Church, Scotforth, was erected in 1874. It was

designed by Mr. Edmund Sharpe, and is in the Transition style.

The *nave is 50ft. by 20ft., with two side aisles 1 1 ft. wide. Cost of

building about ^3,000. The vicar is the Rev. W. Armitage, M.A.

The church contains three brasses to the Brockbanks and the Sharpes.

The origin of the old school founded at Scotforth is unknown.
There was a house containing the school-room kept in repair by the
township. The master had an allotment of land upon Scotforth
Common, which he let for about 50s. an J. he also received 45s.
the interest of a legacy. In respect of this income he instructed
eight poor children, but charged for others. There were generally
between 20 and 30 scholars. The present schools were opened in
1879. Head master, Mr. J. Parker.

Parkinson's Charity, 1799, consisted of £.300 in the three per
cent, bank annuity in trust for the support of the school in Scot-
forth. The stock was sold, and the produce suffered to remain in
the hands of John Dawson without security. He paid the interest
up to August, 182 1, to the schoolmaster. He then became embar-
rassed in circumstances and assigned over his effects.

Taylor's Charit) dates from 1814. The interest consisted of ,£.50
to 1 he poor of Scotforth. Caw son's Charity of ib<>o represented a rent
charge of 5s. to the poor. Cooke's Charity, 1640, a rent charge ot
5s. used to be paid to the poor of Scotforth, but has latterly, says
Baines, been paid to the poor of Quernmore, the gift not being-
confined to this township. It has already been remarked that
Scotforth might have been famous fov a battle fought at Culloden
soon after a battle site in this suburb of Lancaster was chosen.
The name Scotforth reminds us of the ancient Scot, payment ot
Saxon times. There would probably be a ford tax on cattle.

Alucliffe.

"The Manor of Aldcliffe," says the Tyldesley Diary, " form-
erl) belonged to the Priory of Lancaster, and after the Reformation
became the property of the Daltons of Thurnham. It belonged to
* In 1891 the nave was extended 24 feet.



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER 567



this family in the 30th of Elizabeth, and a moiety of it was
conveyed in marriage by Dorothy, youngest daughter and co-heiress
of Robert Dalton, Esq., to Edward Riddell, Esq., of Swinburne

Castle, Northumberland, the remainder, being left for the support
of the Catholic Clergy, was confiscated to the family of Dawson,
about the year 1 7 1 3. In pulling- down the old hall, in 1817, a stone
it is said was found inscribed, ' We are Catholic Virgins, who scorn
to change with the times.' This undoubtedly refers to the seven
daughters of Robert Dalton, Esq., by Eliza, daughter of Win. Hulton
of Hulton Park, Count)- Lancaster, Esq., who was the eldest son
of Thomas Dalton, and Ann his wife, daughter of Sir Richard
Molyneux of Sefton. *Thomas, Robert Dalton's son was the
colonel of a horse. He was killed from wounds received at the
Battle of Newbury. He was the grandfather of the the two co-
heiresses, Elizabeth and Dorothy, between whom the Manor of
AldclifFe was divided. Baines says, after alluding to the moiety of
Aldcliffe being conveyed in marriage by Dorothy youngest daughter
and co-heiress of. John Dalton Esq., to Edward Riddell, Esq., that
"the remainder being left for the support of the secular clery was
confiscated to the Crown for the third time, and by the Crown was
first let and afterwards sold to the family of Dawson about the year
1731 ;" that "Edward Dawson, Esq., of Aldcliffe Hall, one of the
most spirited agriculturists in the county, having purchased the
other moiety from Mr. Ralph Riddell, considerably improved the
estate, by enclosing the chief part of Aldcliffe Marsh in the summer
of 1820, at an expense of ^2,000. For this work the Society of
Arts and Sciences presented him with a gold medal, inscribed
' Edward Dawson, Esq., 1821, for embanking r 66 acres of marsh at
the mouth of the river Lune."

Aldcliffe, anciently Aldeclif, denoting Old Cliff, according to

Domesday contained two caucates. The original Hall was erected
in the time of William Rufus, and was granted by Roger de Poictou



■ Robert Dalton, who died in 1626, was succeeded by Ids eldest son Thomas,
who raised a regiment and fought for King Charles, and was wounded at the second
Battle of Newbury, October 27th, 1(144. an< ' was taken to Marlborough, where six
days later he died. Robert his younger brother died unmarried.



568 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



to the Abbey of Sees in Normandy from which it passed to the



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