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dependent house of Syon in Middlesex. In the grounds of the hall
are to be seen some of the finest Sycamore trees in this county,
The late E. Dawson, Esq. was interred in a burial place prepared
in the garden of the Hall, in March, 187b.

Sir John Harrison was grandson of Thomas Harrison, of
Aldcliffe, who married Jane Heysham, of Highfield. The township
of Aldcliffe anciently appears to have included Bulk, according to
the survey of the Augustinan Monastery of Syon, entitled "the
Surveying of Manors, Londs, Tenements, and other possessions in
the Countye of Lancaster, perteynyng to the Monasterie of Syon
2ndo Hen. 8vi." In this document the " Wodde" called Rigge
(Ridge in Bulk) is mentioned thus '"Also ther be 2 Wodds of my

Ladys on is called the Rigge and the other is called as for

the rigge it is well grown with fair yong oke which wilbe fare
tymbre within fewe vers, if it is kept as it is, for ther is no great
wast therein, ther is tymbre trees in it but no great number, also
ther hath ben a lodge for the keper of the wodde to resort to but
not to dwell in, it is in dekay and therefore Cieorge Singleton is
commanded to repair it."

Also ther is on called Olyver or Roger Suthworth which
holdeth the third part of the Hirbage of the seid Wodde called the
Rigge in term and pay therfore qod yerely to my Lady. And the
seid Suthworth is discharged by my lady's councell because he haithe
felled wood and made distraction thereof and claymeth to have the
pannage as well as the hirbage which was never in his lease nor
never had, but only my huh .o\d Mich as she suffrid to have it as
the keper of the wodde ; also the seid Suthworth makth not the
enclosures of the seid wods but hurteth other tenants adjoynyng
(and he was agenst my lady's tenants of Neuton and Bulk to have
enclosed their comen from them) and he suyth William Syghote in
the Court of Lancaster for the same pannage, and not in my Lady's
Courts. As for the tit her Woode ther is neither tymbre, trees, nov
yong oke likly to be tymbre, it haith ben so takyn on by tenants



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 569



that it is almost destroyed. There be many scrugges therein which
will help to repair such tenements or barnes as my lady hath when
neid is, if they be kept from hensfurth.

And so for the savegard of the seid Wodds ther is a payn of
is. 3d. putte in the Courte to every tenant that fellith anv Wodds
ther from hensforth without license and divers other amercyed in
the Courte for such fellyngs as be made aforetyme."

The term pannage signifies " The mast of the woods." also
a " tax upon cloth," says Boyer.

It appears that the Court of the Lady Abbess was held at
'■ Alclil the Monday after the Feast of the Decollation of Seynt John
in the- second yere of King- Henry the Eighth, when my ladys
tenants appered as haith ben accustomyd." The old survey quoted
is preserved in the muniments of Halton Hall.

Bulk was often written Booke, and Bowke or Bouke, as see
Dtwutiis Lancastrice. It simply means a hollow place by the hill or
bv the riiisre or rid":e. bulk was anciently called Newton.

The seven daughters of Robert Dalton, Esq., who died in
162b, were Margaret, Elizabeth, Anne, Ellen, Dorothy, Catherine,
and Eleanor. The stone bore these words :

CATHOLICA

VIRGINES XOS

SUMUS : MUTARE

VEL THMPORK

SPERXI.MVS *%*

ANO ►**: DNI

1674.

Mr. Joseph Gillow says that " unfortunately the word which
should appear in the space marked by the asterisks is too far



.-)/



o TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



obliterated to he deciphered from below but most probably it
should be " dua."

Robert Dalton had ten daughters, viz.: -Margaret, Eliza-
beth, Anne, Jane, Catherine, Ellen, Dorothy, Catherine, Eleanor,
and Penelope. Jane married William Caxton, Esq., of Calton
Hall, Craven, Yorkshire. The first Catherine died in infancy, says
Mr. Gillow. Seven virgins, however, were living at Aldcliffe
enduring much persecution, and only two, Catherine and Eleanor,
were surviving at the death of Charles II., February 6th, 1685.

In the old oak chest or ark formerly belonging to the Abbot
of Cockersand, now at Thurnham Hall is " A brief relation of some
particulars touching the gentlewomen of ' Old Cliffe,' their estates,
set down bv me, Lawrence Copland, November 12th, 1641."

It appears that the Rev. Peter Gooden was the " missioner
at Aldcliffe Hall, whither he had removed from Leighton about
1680." Mr. Gillow states in his able article on Aldcliffe Hall, that
according to Richard Hitchmough, an unworthy relative of Mr.
Gooden's, this zealous priest "kept a sort of academy or little
seminary at Aldcliffe for the education of youths who were after-
wards sent to Popish Colleges abroad to be trained as priests. The
Rev. Peter Gooden died at Aldcliffe, December 29th, 1694, and was
buried at St. Mary's Church, Lancaster.

The present Aldcliffe Hall was built by Mr. Dawson in 181 7,
nearly on the site of the old Hall, which was built in the time of
William Rufus, and was granted by Roger de Poictou. The
township of Aldcliffe anciently seems to have included Bulk, as by
deeds of the Abbey of Syon, quoted on page 568 ; places in Bulk
are found included in the letting of Aldcliffe.



The stone is inserted into a blocked up lir>t floor window at one end oi
Thurnliam Hall.



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER. 571



Some interesting matter relating to the Abbey of Cockersand
and to Thurnham Hall, lack of space compels me to leave un-
published in this volume.

And now my task is over, a task that has taken some vears
to accomplish. While conscious of many defects, the writer
humbly trusts he has succeeded in a small degree at any rate in
adding to the pleasure of the reader, if not to the honour of our time-
honoured town. To do the latter is scarcely possible. It may be
that the author has written much or transcribed much that will
evoke a smile not altogether complimentary to him. To attempt a
history is no light work, and though abler hands might have
proved more successful, he may claim that no person could have
endeavoured more earnestly than he has done to "get at facts."'
To corroborate or contradict the statements of one individual by
those of another has been his care, and if after all in his aim at
correctness he merits the title of " a bad shot," he has at least the
satisfaction of knowing that he has aimed as cautiously as his
opportunities have enabled him to do.

That Lancaster may flourish, and unity, peace and concord
characterise its citizens individually and collectively is the writer's
sincere wish, to which he joins the loyal invocation

God Save the Oleex.



572 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



CHRONOLOGY.

Foreign Royal Visitors vo Lancaster.

The Prince of Orange passed through Lancaster, September 15th, 1814.

The Archdukes John and Louis of Austria, 2i.-t November, 1S16.

The Grand Duke of Russia, 20th November 1817.

The Grand Duke Nicholas, driving by Scotforth Hill, dismounted from the

coach in order to enjoy the view from that point, which he considered the finest in
this part of Europe. 1816.

The King of Saxony visited Lancaster Castle, July 12th, 1844.

Prince of Prussia passed through Lancaster in August, 1844.

Prince Louis Napoleon staid at the King's Arms Hotel on the 6ih o(
I »i cember, 1846.

Eminent Persons. — Dates of their Visits to Lancaster.

The poet, Thomas Gray, staid two nights at this hotel in October, 1769.

On the 15th January, 1837. Sir Robert Peel, Bart., paid n visit to Lancaster
and lodged at the King's Anns.

The Rev. Hugh Stowell Brown visited Lancaster and preached in the
Wesley Chapel 10th January, 1875.

Sir William Venables Vernon Harcourl visited Lancaster in November, 1887.

Larl Spencer in October, 1889.

Many distinguished persons have staid at the principal hotel in years gone
by, but no visitors' book was kept or any kind of record, so I am informed.

On the 3rd Novtmber, 1209. Randolph. Constable of Chester, Roger de
Manby and Robert de Gresley were ordered to provide men for the construction of
the moat and fosses of Lancaster Castle. About si\ hundred and forty-one years
afterwards came the order to fill up the moat, viz, on the 1st July, 1850.

1409. Henry IV. held his court in Lancaster Castle.

St. Mary's Church : first record of restoration, 1558.

In 1665, Isabella Rigby was executed for witchcraft in the month ofOctobi r.

In 1688, there were ^ix guilds incorporated in Lancaster. We find the
Gilda Mercatoria mentioned in the reign of Edward [II., about 1340.

Earthquake shock experienced in Lancaster, in 1661. There were also
seismic shocks in Lancaster on the 20th August, 1835. 17th March, 1843, and on the
17th March, 1871.

The will of William Heysham, who gave Greaves estate, is dated 22nd April,
1725. fames Willan, saddler, enjoyed the benefit of the Greaves Charity over fifty
years, receiving during that period /.631. The Greaves estate was let at the yearly
rent of £256.

William Stout, born at Boulton Holmes, in 1665, a year of much sorrow for
the Friends, died on the 15th January, 1752, and was buried in the burial ground of
the Friends' Meeting House, in Meeting House Lane. Lancaster.

Lancaster Races are alluded to as far back as 1758. The race-coiti>e was
the field beyond the County Asylum (new annexe).

1759. Breach of promise action (Hardman t'. Loman) from near Rochdale :
trial at Lancaster. Damages, ,£5,000.

Custom House erected in 1 764, from a design by Mr. Gillow.



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



3/ J



In 1768, much rioting look place at ihc general election. Windows ol
houses were broken and many persons were severly injured in affrays between the
contending parties.

Mr. Dane, governor of Lancastle Castle, married Mrs. Dawson, of the Red
Lion Hotel, in July, 1770.

Charity School instituted in 1772, for girls. Salary of mistress, ,(,24 per
annum and house rent. The assistant had /, 10 per annum.

In February, 1773, there was a marriage at Lancaster of a man aged 102 to
a young woman aged 25. The former rode to and from Church on horseback,
attended by a large concourse of people.

In 1778, there were six alms-houses at the south end of Penny Street, called
Townson's or Tomlinson's alms-houses. When Penny Street was altered these
cottages were pulled down (1811), and the Corporation paid lis. quarterly to one of
the old women who had resided in one of the houses until a vacancy opened up for
her in one of the Gillison Cottages. It is also said that there were six houses founded
by a George Johnson, in the year 165 1, but though Dugdale mention - them in his
History of the County there is no allusion to them in the Commissioners' Report.

A Sheepshearing Feast was held at Quernmore Park, the seat of the lion.
Edward Clifford, on the 4th of July , 1779.

In 1780 Miss Dane opened a coffee house and what would now be termed
a reslamant, next door to the King's Arms Hotel. Miss Dane was the daughter ol
Mr. Dane. Keeper of the Castle, who died October 16th, 1779.

The corner stone of the Town Hall was laid in May, 17S1, and in it were
placed two medals, one of the King and one of the Queen, with date of the laying of
the same.



bihn Forrest, while confined in Lancaster Castle for debt, painted two
water colour drawings of Lancaster ("astle in J781. Another debtor named William
Quin copied the pictures in oil, and in due course these copies were presented by Mr.
J. Higgin to the Lancashire and Cheshire Historical Society Icirca 1849).

In 1784 a Mrs. Cock was living in Skerton, aged 97.

In 1 7S4 the Lancaster Assizes were held in the Town Hall, owing to a
severe attack of gaol fever breaking out at the Castle. It also appears that a vicarage
of Lancaster was erected on the <)th of February, 1430.

The first mail coach from London arrived in Lancaster in 1786.

In the year 1786 one Edward Barlow, said to have been a Welshman, and
as vile a rogue as ever lived, was appointed county executioner. He it was who
" officiated " at the execution of the nine poor creatures barbarously " turned off" on
the 19th of April, 1817. Up to the year 1806, " Ned." as the hangman was
familiarly called, had hanged 84 persons. But at the Lent assi/.es of the same year
he himself was sentenced to death for horse stealing, but the sentence wa- commuted.
It is computed that altogether Old Ned executed no less than 131 person-. during his
career. He died in the Castle. — (Hall. )

In 1 7S6 Mr. William Lindow, merchant, died.

In 1787, the oldest freeman living was one John Walmsley, who died Ma\
15th of the year named.

On the 21st November, 1787. Mr. Heysham, while walking with Alderman
Suart, fell down dead.

On the 9th January, 1788, Mr. Howard, the eminent prison philanthropist,
\isited Lancaster Castle.

On May 71I1, 1788, there died at Lancaster. Lady Fleming, (relict of Sir
William Fleming, Hart.), aged 88 years. 1'or fifty years she had been a widow.



574 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER.



On June 25th, 1788, Thomas Dugdale, Esq., died at Bailrigg, aged 91.

Hi- was a lineal descendant of Dugdale, ihe antiquary.

For stealing cloth in Lancaster Mary Wilson was publicly whipped on the
29th October, 178S.

In 1788, on the 4th November, the Revolution Jubilee was held at Lan-
caster, a considerable number of ship cannon being planted on the brow of the hill
at Haverbricks, and during the afternoon many rounds were tired. In the evening
there were bonfires and fireworks.

Miss Ann Gillison died January 1st, 1790, aged 71. She left ,£1,600 for
alms-houses, eight for distressed old maids, /"too for Lancaster Dispensary, ^"50 for
Manchester Infirmary, ^50 for Liverpool Infirmary, .£400 each to eight distant
relations, and £50 to each of her servants.

Springfield Mall was erected about 1790-3, by James Hargreaves, Esq.

Died January, 1795, Mr. Stevens, engineer fir the Aqueduct Bridge over
the river lame.

In September, 1795, a man named William Mason, a mortar carrier, was
killed at Lancaster Castle. He fell from a lofty scaffold. For a man in his Soth
year to be permitted ti> ascend a scaffold was surely a mistake.

1795. "A Description of Lancaster," was published by John Housman, of

( '.>i by. near Carlisle.

Died May 17th, 1796. the Rev. Oliver Marton, Vicar of Lancaster.

On the 21st of June. 1 796. Mr. Abraham Seward, <>f Lancaster, had the
honour of kissing his Majesty's hand at St. James's, on presenting a gold medal of
exquisite workmanship, representing on the one side the Exchange at Liverpool and
on the other the Infirmary at Manchester, which his Majesty was graciously pleased
to receive. Mr. Seward was introduced by Colonel Stanley and John Dent, Esq.

Lancaster Marsh (210 acres), enclosed 1795.

Lancaster canal was opened in November, 1797, from Preston to Tewitt
Field. The engineer was Mr. William Cartwright, who died January 19th, 1804,
aged 39.

In the early part of 1S00 wheal sold in the Lancaster market for six guineas
per load of tour and a half Winchester bushels, and oatmeal at £5 per load of 24oibs.

Michael Jones. Esq., ofCaton, died July 24th, 1S01, aged 72.

November 17th, 1802, a halbert stolen from the mayor's door.

Alderman James Hinde, Mayor of Lancaster (1766, 1774, 1782 and 1792),
died in 1802, aged 81.

The freedom < f the borough of Lancaster presented to the Earl of Strath-
more, March 10th, 1802.

The Bath, situate in Moor Street, top of Moor Lane, was built by fifty
subscribers at ten guineas each, in 1S03.

February 16th, 1803. A vagrant publicly whipped in Lancaster Market
Place.

April 2nd, 1803. James Morris pilloried in Lancaster Market Place for
fraud. found dead in bed next morning. Verdict, " Visitation of God."

September 22nd, 1803. Prince William Frederick of Gloucester entered
the Castle and ascended John o*Gaunt's chair.

October, 1803. The Rev. Mi. While, vicar of Lancaster, a prisoner at
Fontainbleau.

|ulv 1 8th, 18^7. Joshua Newsham pilloried in the Market Place, Lan-
caster.



TIMK-HONOURl£D LANCASTER.



D/0



Heath of Thomas Worswick, banker, on the 4th fanuary, 1804. Alexander
VVorswick, died 29th July, 1814, aged 50, late of Leigh ton ; and Richard, his
brother, of Ellel Grange, five years after.

Alderman Suart, died December 24th, 1805, aged 95.

May, 1807. John Dent and Peter Patten, after nine days' polling, received
exactly same number of votes (1393).

The Jubilee of George 111. was celebrated on the 25th October, 1809.
Shops were closed in the town and the day observed as a holiday. The Rev. j.
Manby, M.A. preached a special sermon from Psalm c, v. 3rd and 4th. At 1 p.m.
a royal salute was tired on the Quay, and then is. each was distributed to Nbo poor
men and women. A liall was held in the Assembly Room in the evening 1 . The
Duke of Hamilton gave 30 guineas to the charities, and Mr. Henry Sudell .£.100 to
the debtors in the castle, who had a free breakfast of excellent charactei provided for
them: likewise a dinner which was enjoyed by 160 persons: an ox was killed for the
occasion, and two debtors were discharged, amicable arrangements having been
made with their plaintiffs. The girls of the Charity School were provided with a lea
by the ladies of Miss Shaw's Boarding School, and received a bun and a thimble, and
the most deserving 6d. each. Mr. Gregson wrote a song commencing "In the days
that are past when our ancestors rude.' and sang it in capital style in the Council
( 'hamber of the Town Hall ; he was loudly applauded. The verses, six in number,
appeared in the oldest local journal at the time and were re-published bv "Cross
l'leury," in 1890.

In 180S, a Mr. Kidd was appointed writing master at the Grammar School.

Mr. Abram Seward received on March 1st, 1809, Royal Letters patent for a
new invention in regard to cairiage harness. He obtained a similar document on
the 26th of July, in the same year, concerning a new and improved lamp, lanthorn
and si reel lamp.

Lancaster Races revived June 27th, 1809.

The Rev. John Atkinson, of St. John's, died February 8th. 1812, aged 38.

In 1S11. an Act of Parliament was obtained for enclosing the Quernmore

Fl 'lis!.

The old White Cross Mill was burnt down on the nth June, 1812. A lire
also broke out here doing considerable damage in 1861. The sail cloth factory
known as the White Cross Works, situated in Aldcliffe Lane, was offered for sale in
1813. It is said that a Roman Catholic Chapel once stood here, by some persons,
but 1 have not been able to corroborate the statement.

September, 1812. Found while cutting a drain in Pudding Lane, now
called Cheapside, two small querns, man)' pieces of earthenware and some human
bones.

The town lit this year, 1812, by 169 oil lamps of one spout each.

On July 9th, 1814, an essay on signs of murder in new born children was
translated from the French ol P. A. O'Mahon by Christopher Johnson, surgeon, of
Lancaster, and printed by C. Clark.

Lancaster Local Hoard of Health formed in 18 1 5.

fanuary 28th, 1815. The editor of the Lancaster Gazette expresses the
happiness he feels that ale which was sold at Ulverston at y\ per pint, is now sold
for 2'id., and does not doubt that it will fall as much throughout the whole country.

1816. A Provident Savings' Bank established in Lancaster, 2nd January.

The managers of the Lancaster Provident Bank held their first quarterly
meeting'at the Dispensary Jwhen it appeared that ^282 13s. 6d. had been received
from 86 contributors, out of which the sum of £3 12s. id. had been paid. This was
on the 30th March, 1816.



i7 6 TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER



Mr. William Robinson, a leader of local concerts, died on the 17th February,
1817. aged 81.

1818. Great breach of promise case, tried at the assizes (Oxford ?'. Butler-
Cole) Verdict £7,000 damages.

July iSth, 1818. The dungeon tower of Lancaster Castle taken down.

October 4th. 1818. A new burial ground consecrated in connection with
Lancaster Church.

On the 21st September, 1818. Mrs. Caroline Fr\ , the prison philanthropist,
visited Lancaster Castle.

1821. Intense fog in Lancaster continuing seven hours. 25th January.

Matthew Pyper died in 1821, aged 93. and agreeable to his own request
was interred in the centre of the floor of the Boys' National School. Kendal. Mr.
Pyper endowed the National School, of Lancaster and Kendal.

1821. AldclitTe embankment raised by E. Dawson, Esf[.

Worswick's bank stopped payment February 13th. 1822.

Leighton Hall was bought by Richard Gillow, Esq., in 1823, foi £22,300,
exclusive of timber valued at ^2,591. Ellel Grange and Cragg Hall estates, lately

held by Richard Worswick. were bought by Richard Atkinson, Esq., for £10,80 .
timber £6So extra.

Thomas barrow, R.A., portrait painter, died at Eccleston, Garstang, on

the i iih of November, 1822, aged 84.

I'd unary, 1823. Roof of Lancaster Church repaired.

Sunday, October I2th. 1823. The maiden peal rung by the Preston ringers
on the Lancaster bells.

March 2nd, 1824. Hannah Clough, a prisoner in the Castle, under process
of Ecclesiastical Court, did penance in the Parish Chinch.

Ridges' lodgings built 1824. They used to be where the Centenary Chapel
now stands.

September 2Sth, 1825. Public meeting in Lancaster, when a resolution
was passed to raise £8,000 in £20 shares to light the town with gas. Up to 1819
the Corporation lighted the streets with lamps, but in that year it was resolved that
each street should light its own ; in 1820 the same ; but in 1821 many inhabitants
refused to subscribe.

Mr. Greg's mill built about 1825.

Pilworth's Bank stopped payment February 10th. 1826.

Tuesday, May 23rd, 1826. Glasson branch of Lam-aster Canal opened.

I une, 1826. (Jaspipes laid down in Market Street.

February 24th, 1827. First attempt to illuminate the town by gas.

Captain Thomas Greenwood, who died on the 24th of February, 1S31.
crossed the Atlantic 105 times.

Luneside Bowling Green opened 12th of May. 183 1.

1832. Death of Charles Gibson, Esq., of Quernmore Park. High Sheriff
in 1827, 29th July.

1832. Lancaster Town Council adopt a petition in favour of the repeal of
the Corn Laws.

Dr. Campbell, County Asylum, died February 4th, 1832, was succeeded by
Dr. Whalley.

Thomas Bowes, of Dalton Square, who defrayed expenses consequent upon
erecting the spire of St. John's Church, died December 28th, 1S33.



TIME-HONOURED LANCASTER 577



On the 21st March, 1833, Mr. John Dockray, quaker, was elected a mem-
ber of the common Council. This is the first instance of a dissenter being admitted
into that body since the repeal of the Test and Corporation A< t.

1836. George Burrow, Esq., first mayor of Lancaster under the new
Municipal Reform Act, 1st January.

1836. Dr. Whalley, first member of the Society of Friends who qualified

as a county justice, 4th January.

1836. George Burrow, James Atkinson, Thomas Eastwood, E. G. Hornby,
W. B. Bolden, and Christopher Johnson appointed first Borough Magistrates fo]
Lancaster, 14th February.

Mr. R. F. Housman published a collection of sonnets in 1836.

1837. John Dalton, Esq., last male representative of the Daltons of
Thurnham, died 10th March.

A Conservative Dinner took place at the Theatre Royal, on the 25th
of August, 1837. About 203 ladies were present. A banner was presented to the
Heart of Oak Club, richly gilded and embroidered.

1838. First vessel launched from the Shipbuilding yard a! Glasson Dock,
8th March.

1838. Great fire at Skerton ; a warehouse and three cottages burnt to
the ground.

£840. Exhibition of Art.- and Manufactures opened in Lancaster, 22nd
June.

North Road (Police Folly) opened 1840.

Lancaster Exhibition closed on the 5th of September, 1840.

Mr. Dunn appointed Town Clerk of Lancaster, 19th October, 1840.

The Rev. Dr. Mackreth, of Halton, married Miss Elizabeth Langshaw on
the 15th June, 1841.

A Medical Book Club Library was established in September, 1844.

Mr. James Williamson was born December 31st, 1844.

1842. James Acland indicted for libelling W. Robinson, Esq., Mayor of
Lancaster. Discharged on tendering apology, 14th March.

Fergus O'Connor addressed a meeting of Chartists in Brewery Lane,
Lancaster, on the 2nd of July, 1842.

Charles Grant, a youth, rescued two persons from drowning in tin- Lime on
the 9th and 23rd of August, 1842, and he received the congratulations of the Royal
Humane Society.

The sale of the Canal Company's packet horses, 63 in number, which had
worked the packet line between Lancaster and Preston, took place on Monday,
September 19th, 1S42. The sale took place in the field belonging Mr. Atkinson, of
the Prince William Henry Inn. The packet horses realised between „'.'t.i"0 and



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