THE J\I^ YOKf
ASTCK, tENOX ANB
" WiiEHEAS, The citizens of Andover have read of the battle of
Tlmreday night, in which Company II of the First Mossacliusetts
Heavy Artillery waa conaiiicuonsty engaged, ami in which they suffered
severely in killed and wounded;
" Saolvcd, That we express to the soldiers of Company H our admi-
ration of their bravery, and tender them our heartfelt congratulation,
" llesolveit, That we deeply sympathize with the wounded, and hereby
convey to them the expression of our wishes and prayers for their
"Resolmi, That we pledge ourselves to assist, to the extent of our
ability, our soldiers who are periling their persons aud lives for the pur-
pose of suppressing this wicked rebellion.
" lieitohed, That we deeply sympathize with those who are called to
mourn the death of dear friends who have fallen in buttle."
At an adjourned meeting it was voted to send a
commisaion to the army to minister to the wounded
soldiers from Andover. Rev. J. W. Turner and Mr.
Joseph Abbott were appointed for this purpose. The
ne.xt day, at noon, these commissioners departed for
tlieir duty, talking with them five hundred and forty-
three dollars, which had been contributed for the
purpose, the resolutions passed at the meeting on the
24th inst. and the following letter which had b:;en
adopted by the citizens :
"Andover, May 26, 1864.
" To the oncers and privates of Companrj Sand other soldiers connected with
the First Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery :
"Dear Friends, — Last Saturday morning the exciting intelligence
reached us that you had been in an engagement with the enemy, even
before reaching the main army. And while your bravery and heroism
in the deadly conflict were borne to us on every breeze, our admiration
of your noble and perilous deeds waa mingled with serious apprehen-
sions that casualties liad ensued which would bring sadness and mourn-
" The selectmen immedi.ately issued a notice for a meeting of the peo-
ple, to be I'eld on the same evening. A large number assembled at the
appointed time, all anxious to do whatever could be done to exhibit
their sympathy for those in painful suspense, and their friends who
might be in great suffering. As the information was then meagre, the
meeting was adjourned to Tuesday evening.
"The adjourns. i i im- \mi^ ,i \.iy large one, and the interest mani-
fested was nto^t i-.i; n I , I > M ihi lie. Facts gathered from your let-
ters wereannuuin I ;)i I h-! n i i > with intense eagerness. Appropri-
ate addresses were ii!.iJl b^ .-.n . i .U gKUtlemen, conveying expressions of
condolence and tenderness to the afflicted and sorrowful.
" The undersigned were appointed a committee to address to you a
letter, and to prepare and report to the meeting resolutions for adoption
The subjoined resolutions were reported by the committee, aud adopted
by a unanimous vote.
" While our attention is at this time more particularly directed to y('Ur
company and regiment on account ot the many killed and wounded of
your number, we would at the same time make appreciative reference
to our other brave friends, scattered throughout the great loyal array,
and, like youi-selves, periling all that is dear of earth for the salvation of
our beloved country.
The commissioners found, in the various hospitals in
the vicinity of Washington, thirty wounded soldiers
from Andover, and ministered to their wants as di-
rected. It was afterward ascertained that the entire
list of casualties in the company at the first battle
at Spottsylvania and the succeeding fights till the
20th of June amounted to eight killed and sixty-two
wounded, four of the latter dying from their wounds.
Company H was at firstcomposedof one hundred
meu, officers and privates, besides two musicians — all
Andover men. When the regiment was changed from
infantry to heavy artillery, and the company en-
larged by the addition of fifty men to correspond with
the requirements of that branch of the service, An-
dover furnished the additional number. The larger
portion of these soldiers, who were not either killed
or seriously wounded, or prostrated by sickness, con-
tinued in the company till their terms of enlistment
expired, and. a moiety of them to the end of the war,
fighting their way to Richmond, and partaking in the
honor of witnessing the final struggle and collapse
of the Rebellion.
Company H was present with the regiment, and
performed its full share in the engagements from
Spottsylvania to the surrender of Lee, viz. : North
Anna River, May 24, 1864; Tolopotomy Creek, May
31, 1864 ; Cold Harbor, June 3, 1864 ; Petersburg,
June 16, IS and 22, 1864; Strawberry Plain, July 26
and 27, 1864 ; Petersburg Mine, July 30, 1864 ; Deep
Bottom, August 15 and 16,1864; Weldon Railroad,
August 25, 1864 ; Poplar Grove Church, October 5,
1864 ; Boydton Plank-Road, October 27, 1864 ; Raid
on Weldon Railroad to Bellfield, December 6 to 11,
1864 ; Hatcher's Run, February 5, 1865 ; Hatcher's
Run, March 25, 1865; Attack on fort, March 31,
1865 ; Assault of the line, April 2, 1865 ; Sailor's
Creek, April 6, 1865 ; Lee's surrender, April 9, 1865.
Some of those who were wounded at Spottsylvania,
and others whose term of service had expired, were
in due time sent on to Boston and mustered out of
service. These men arrived in town on the 21st
day of July 1864, after an absence of three years
and a month nearly. They were received at the station
by leading citizens of the town, and heartily wel-
comed by their fellow-townsmen, neighbors, friends
and the dear ones at home.
According to the record, " the members of Phillips
Academy, with their band of music, and attended by
their teachers, led the escort from the depot to the
Town Hall. Next followed the selectmen, ministers
of the town and the committee of reception. The
soldiers brought home their drummer, George B.
Clark, who beat the accustomed march, and the
citizens fell in in along line."
" At the Town Hall a bountiful collation had been
prepared by the ladies, to which the tired and hungry
soldiers were most heartily welcomed amidst the
greetings aud sympathies of their friends." Alter the
collation the soldiers were addressed with words of
welcome and commendation by Francis Cogswell,
Esq., chairman of the committee on reception.
Company H, as a company, continued in existence
till the close of the war, and those Andover soldiers
who continued in the field to the end were mustered
out of the United States' service on the 25th of Au-
gust, 1865, having been in constant service four years,
one month and twenty-one days. The company went
HISTOKY OF ESSEX COUNTY, MASSACHUSETTS.
into the war with one hundred and fifty stalwart men,
all from Andover. When mustered out there were
but forty-five men to answer the roll-call. Of the
one hundred and fiveabsentees, some had been killed,
some taken prisoners, some wounded and discharged,
some discharged on account of sickness and others on
the expiration of their time of enlistment. This small
remainderof Company H, returning singly or in small
squads, did not, of course, receive the same popular
welcome that awaited their comrades of an earlier re-
But they all, the last as well as the first, almost
without cxceptior, easily refilled their old places,
taking up again, with cheerfulness and vigor, their
accustomed duties and vocations before the war.
Nothing of that idleness, prodigality and dissipation
that were so bitterly lamented in the case of the dis-
charged soldiers at the close of the Revolutionary War,
was ever seen among the returned soldiers of this
town who fought the liebellion to its death. As a rule,
they settled back into the ordinary pureuits of peace,
as if they had done nothing to gain special notoriety.
Those who still survive, and reside in town, are
among our most respected inhabitant-!, and many of
them among our most prosperous citizens.
The whole number of men furnished by the town
for the service of the country during the War of the
Kebellion, in both army and navy, including enlist-
ments, re-enlistments, representative recruits, assign-
ments and substitutes, amounted to five hundred and
ninety-nine, or one hundred and sixty-three more
than the town's proportion, as determined by the
number of inhabitants subject to draft, or military
service. These five hundred and ninety-nine soldiers
and seamen were distributed among forty-six regi-
ments, serving in different sections of the country,
and in an unknown number of war vessels.
The town expended for army purposes, including
bounties, during the war, $35,623,85.
There was also paid by citizens, in addition, $27,226,
64, including money paid for bounties, substitutes,
and gifts contributed by the ladies' charitable or-
No sketch of the War of the Rebellion is complete
without an appreciative mention of the unflagging
labors of the ladies, old and young, in preparing gar-
ments, blankets and other comforts for the soldiers
in the field, and cordials and delicacies for those in
Memorial Hall. — After the dose of the war the
matter of erecting some memorial, to keep in perpet-
ual remembrance the names of those who gave their
lives for the salvation of the nation, was freely talked
over by the citizens. The question was, whether this
memorial should be a monument or a library. At one
time a monument was decided upon, and incipient
measures taken towards procuring one, but without
success. The town voted four thousand five hundred
dollars for this purpose; still it failed to enlist the
warm co-operation of some of the most influential
people. The matter was held in abeyance, though
not lost sight of, for a number of years.
In July of 1870 a letter was received from Mr.
John Smith, then in Dresden, written to his sou
Joseph, addressed in part to the town, in which he
expressed a desire "to commemorate and keep in
remembrance the names of those who gave their
lives in defending our National Flag, and saving my
adopted country to God and liberty." Mr. Smith w..3
born in Scotland. He further declares his willing-
ness to give twenty-five thousand dollars for a library
and reading-room, to be dedicated to this memorial
purpose, on condition that a like sum be given by
others, and that only thirty thousand dollars of the
fifty be expended for land and building. A town-
meeting was called for August 1st, to take into con-
sideration the propositions of this letter. At this
meeting it was announced that Mr. Peter Smith and
Mr. John Dove, the business partners of Mr. John
Smith, would each of them give five thousand dollars
to assist in making up the twenty-five necessary to
secure Mr. John Smith's ofl'er, but on the additional
condition that the proposed building should be erect-
ed on the lot at the corner of Essex and Main Streets,
recently made vacant by fire, — the lot upon which
Memorial Hall now stands. To this amount, Mr.
Joseph W. Smith, Mr. Peter Smith and Mr. Dove
each added one thousand dollars, making the whole
sum in pledge thirty-eight thousand dollars.
The proposition of Mr. Smith was received with
many tokens and expressions of satisfaction by the
meeting, and the thanks of the town were voted him.
For the purpose of complying with the conditions of
the proposed donations, a committee was raised to so-
licit subscriptions, it being understood that Mr.
Smith expected the requisite amount to be raised by
individual contribution, and not by town taxation.
At a subsequent meeting the committee thus ap.
pointed, reported that, after a thorough canvass of
the town, they had secured subscriptions for eight
thousand five hundred dollars, in sums varying
from three hundred and fifty dollars to ten cents!
and as there appeared to be little likelihood of ob-
taining the deficiency of three thousand five hun-
dred dollars by subscription, the committee recom-
mended that the ibur thousand five hundred dollars
raised by the town to erect a monument, and still in
the hands of the treasurer unapplied, be appropriated
to a memorial building, and thus complete the sum
necessary to secure the promised donations. This lat-
ter proposition, being acceptable to the donors present,
as no further taxation was called for, the town accept-
ed the proposition of the committee.
A building committee was chosen, consisting of
William G. Means, Charles Smith, John L. Taylor,
David Middleton and Samuel Raymond.
In carrying out the plan of erecting the building
on the designated spot, it was found that additional
land would be required, and further, that an unlook-
ed-for outlay of money would be absolutely necessary
to render the foundations firm and safe. To meet
this additional expense, and to provide for all other
contingencies, Mr. John Smith added five thousand
dollars to his original gift, and other liberal-minded
gentlemen gave sixteen hundred and fifty dollars
towards the increased cost.
The corner-stone of the building was laid with ap-
propriate services on the 19th day of September, 1871.
The finished building was dedicated, formally
opened and delivered into the hands of the town on
Memorial Day, May 30, 1873.
The dedicatory prayer was offered by Prof. Ed-
wards A. Park, of the Theological Seminary, in front
of the Memorial Hall, and the address was delivered
in the South Church by Rev. Phillips Brooks, rector
of Trinity Church, Boston, a lineal descendant of
Samuel Phillips, the first pastor of the South Church.
The building contains ample alcoves for library
uses, a reading-room, committee-rooms and a spa-
cious hall to be used as a receptacle for mementos of
the war, portraits of donors, distinguished officers
and others, pictures of battle scenes and curiosities in
general. Its chief object of interest is a marble tablet
let into the west wall, containing the names of the pa-
triotic dead, who gave their lives for the salvation of
The building occupies a conspicuous place in the
centre of the village, and, architecturally, is an orna-
ment to the town. With its well-selected library
and inviting reading-room, with its silent tablet ever,
through the eye, appealing to the heart of the be-
holder, it is a perpetual incentive to patriotism, to
a generous culture of the mind, and, through him
who first conceived and most liberally contributed to
its erection, to liberal giving for the public good.
The library at the present time contains nearly a
thousand books, and the reading-room is well sup-
plied with newspapers and the magazines of the day,
and is well patronized.
Before the erection of the building Mr. John
Byers, a merchant of New York, a former resident of
the town, gave three thousand dollars for the benefit
of the library as a memorial of his brother, Peter
Smith Byers, first principal-elect of the Punchard
Free School, who died before entering upon his
duties. Since the opening of the library Mr. Byers
has added five thousand dollars to his first donation,
the money to be kept as a perpetual fund, the income
of which is to be used for the increase of the library.
Mr. John Smith, in addition to his other benefac-
tions, gave three thousand dollars for the benefit of
the library. The following is a copy of the tablet in
the Memorial Hall :
TO THE MEMOEY OF OUR PATRIOTIC DEAD.
James H. Bailey,
Died of Jispase at WaskiugtOD, D. C, Sept. 14, 1861.
Enoch 0, Frye,
Accidentally killed at Fort Albany, Va., Oct. 29, 18G1.
Ohakles H. Callahan,
Died of disease at Chelsea, Mass., May 29, 1862.
Killed at Gaines' Mills, Va., June 27, 1862.
George M. Smart,
Died of disease at Fort Albany, Va., July 26, 1862.
Died of disease at Carrollton, La., Aug. 22, 1862.
Died of c
t Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 24, 1862.
Died of disease at Carrollton, La., Aug. 27, 1862.
William H. Luke,
Died of wounds at Manassas, Va., Sept. 13, 1862.
Jefferson N. Raymond,
Died of disease at New Orleans, La., Sept. 13, 1862.
Died of disease at Fort Albany, Va., Oct. 19, 1862.
Died of disease at New Orleans, La., Dec. 1, 1S62.
Henry G. Kimball,
Died of disease at Newbern, N. C, Jan. 1, 1863.
James W. BIerrill,
Died of disease at Newbern, N. C, Jan. 20, 1863.
Joseph Chandler, Jr.,
Died of disease at New Orleans, La., March 10, 1803.
Newton G. Fhye,
Died of disease at Andover, Mass., March 28, 1863.
Died of disease at Andover, Mass., April 7, 1863.
Died of disease at Baton Rouge, La., May 11, 1863.
Died of disease at Vicksburg, Miss., July 0, 18G3.
William H. Wardwell,
Accidentally killed at Maryland Heights, Md., Aug. 1, 1863.
Charles A. Clement,
Died of wounds at Gettysburg, Pa., Sept. 30, 1863.
WiLLARD a. BODWELL,
Died of disease at Fori Strong, Va., March 24, 1864.
Thomas F. Porter,
Died of wounds at Hampton, Va,, April 15, 1864.
Killed at the Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864.
Killed at Spottsylvania, Va., May 19, 1864.
Israel A. Berry,
Died of wounds at City Point, Va., April 22, 1865.
Granville K. Cutler,
Killed at Spottsylvania, Va., May 19, 1864.
James H. Eastes,
Killed at Spottsylvania, Va., May 19, 1864.
Killed at Spottsylvania, Va., May 19, 1864.
Jonathan A. Holt,
Killed at Spottsylvania, Va., May 19, 1864.
James H. Rothwell,
Killed at Spottsylvania, Va., May 19, 1864.
Enoch M. Hatch.
Killed near Petersburg, Va., June 16, 1864.
Killed at Ci.Id Harbor, Va,, June 3, 1864.
Orrin L. Farnham,
ryant's Farm, Va., June 17, 1864.
PKRUS K. Bryant,
'asliington, D. C, July 3, 1864.
Died of wo
Died of wo
Died of wounds at Washington, D. C, July 11, 18B4.
Thomas A. Bagley,
Died a prisoner at AndersunviUe, Ga., Aug. 28, 1864.
Died of disease at Fortress Monroe, Va., Aug. 30, 1884.
HISTORY OF ESSEX COUNTY, MASSACHUSETTS.
George A. Bailey,
Killed at Winchester, Va., Sept. 19, 1864.
Killed at Poplar Grove Church, Va., Oct. 2, 18G4.
Killed at Hatcher's Kun, Va., Oct. 27, 1884.
Charles P. Barnard,
Died of diseoaoat Annapons, Md., Dec. 2, 1864.
Died a prisoner at Salisbury, N. C, Doc. 2, 1864.
Died a prisoner at Danville, Va., Dec. 20, 1864.
Died of disease at Andover, Mass., Dec. 24, 1864.
Walter L. Raimoxb,
Died a prisoner at Salisbury, N. C, Dec. 25, 1864.
Geoboe E. Hayward,
Died of wounds at Andover, Mass., July 24, 1865.
Leonard W. Rylev,
Died of disease at Andover, Mass., Aug. 30, 1865.
Lewis G. Hatch,
Died of disease at Andover, Mass., January 4, 1866.
Samuel P. Farnham,
Died of disease at Andover, Miuis., Jan. 12, 1866.
Andrew K. Patrick.
Died of wounds at Fredericksburg, Va.
The Andover veterans have an encampment of the
G. A. R., called " General William F. Bartlett Post,
No. 99," named from the gallant young Massachu-
setts officer, who came out of the war with a splen-
did record for heroism and a shattered body. He
died in December, 1876, of physical exhaustion,
while in the meridian of his years. The purpose of
this organization is to care for its sick or destitute
members, by extending sympathy or material aid, as
circumstances demand. Its present fund is not far
from four hundred and fifty dollars. It appears in
public every year, " on Decoration Day," but with
Among the Andover-born men residing in other
States or places at the time the Rebellion broke out,
who enlisted and distinguished themselves in the
war, we find the names of Lieutenant-Colonel Sum-
ner Carruth, Lieutenant Frank W. Carruth, Lieu-
tenant Samuel F. Tucker, Captain John C. Crownin-
TOl'OGEAI'IIY OF ANDOVER.
When incorporated, Andover was among the largest
towns in the colony in territorial extent. Since a por-
tion of its original territory has been taken to form
Middleton, a large section on its northern border to
create the city of Lawrence, and the North Parish
has been incorporated as a separate town, its limits
have been essentially reduced. But still it is a town
of fair dimensions, as compared with the average
town of the State. It has a population of nearly
sis thousand, with a ta?-list of five million three
hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars. It has
the Merrimac River and the city of Lawrence on
the north. North Andover on the east, North Reading,
Wilmington and Tewksbury on the south, and
Tewksbury on the west. Its superficial area covers
not far from ten thousand acres. It is well diversi-
fied with hill and valley, meadow and plain, wood
and tillage land. It has a variety of soil from the
light sandy to the heavy loam, from the thin covering
of the plains to the deep muck of the marshy mead-
For agricultural purposes the township does not
compare favorably with many other towns in the
State, especially with those bordering upon the banks
of the Connecticut River. Market gardening and
the production of milk afford the average farmer his
principal sources of income. By these products, the
owner of a farm of reasonable dimensions can, with
industry, thrift and economy, support himself and
family in comfort, meet the pecuniary obligations of
a citizen, educate his children, and yearly lay aside
a small sum for his profit, extraordinaries excepted,
for old age, or to give his children a start in life.
That in the topography of the town which is its
most significant feature, which has had more to do
with its material prosperity than all other things
combined, is the Shawshin River. This river takes
its rise in the towns of Lexington and Bedford, and,
running in a northeasterly direction, in a zigzag
course, passes through nearly the centre of Andover,
and enters the Merrimac River within the territory
of North Andover. In this small stream, within the
limits of the town, there are four falls, giving oppor-
tunity, by the erection of dams, to use the water as
power and for other purposes in the business of
manufacturing. These have been utilized, and
around them four manufacturing villages have grown
up, — Ballard Vale, Abbot, Marland and Frye, named
respectively from the men who first owned or made
extensive use of the water-power. These villages
contain between two and three thousand inhabit-
ants. Before the erection of dams, the river must
have been a most attractive feature of the landscape,
meandering among the hills and through the meadows,
sometimes rushing over the rapids, and again slowly
creeping through the lowlands.
But the river was destined to be a thing for the
creation of wealth and beneficence rather than a
thing of taste and beauty. It was the power furnished
by this modest stream that supplied the Continental
army with powder in its direst need. It ran the
paper-mill of Judge Phillips after the close of the
war, and was the indirect cause of bringing Mr. Phil-
lips to the South Parish, increasing his property, and
thus establishing Phillips Academy and the Theo-
logical Seminary in this parish. It was the Shaw-
shin River which induced Mr. .Abraham Marland
and Mr. John Smith to come to this town and here
build up their manufacturing establishments. The
existence of the four villages and their great indus-
tries is directly traceable to the coming of these en-
We may go further and say that not only are we
indebted to- the river for these villages and their
profitable industries, but, no less, for a home-market
for the products of the farm, employment for a large
number of persons, profitable business for not a few
mechanics and tradespeople, a large amount of tax-
able property to aid in meeting the current expenses
of the town, and, above all, for the money which has
been so munificently given by the manufacturers for
the support of churches and the building up of edu-
cational institutions. It is well to notice in this con-
nection, as a special advantage enjoyed by Andover,
that most of the successful manufacturers on this
stream have resided in the town. Their homes and
their business have not been divorced. They have
built beautiful residences, and otherwise have spent
their money in the place of their gains. This gives
them a stake in the welfare of the town, and makes
them the more careful as to the class of help they
employ. As a matter of fact, the employes of the