D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Rockingham and Strafford counties, New Hampshire : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

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GIFT OF

"P.S. JA^ffiS G. AID ELIZABETH SA'TYE?



HISTORY



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COUNTIKS.



New Hampshire,



BIOGRAPHICAI. SKETCHES



()!•' MANY OF ITS



Pioneers and Piiominent Men.



COMPILED UNDKK TIIH SUl'liRVISIOX OF

D. HAMILTON HURD.



ILXjTJSTI^j^TEID.



PHILADELPHIA:
J. W. LEWIS & CO.

188 2.



PRESS OF J B LIPPINCOTT & CO., PHILADELPHIA.






Copyright, 1882, J. W. Lewis & Co.



PREFACE.



The province of the historian is to gatiier tlie threads of the past, ere they eUide forever his
grasp, and weave tiieni into a harmonious welj, to which tiie art preservative may give immor-
tality. Therefore he wiio would roseue from fast-gatliering oblivion the deeds of a community,
and send them on to futurity in :ui imperishable record, siiould deliver "a plain, unvarnished

tale,"

" Nothing extenuate,
Nor set down nii-jlit in mnlico."

In such a spirit have tiie compilers of the following pages approached the work of detailing
the history of the territory embodied herein, and trust they have been fairly faithful to the task
imposed.

It has been their honest endeavor to trace the history of the development of this section from
that period when it was in the undisputed possession of the led man to the present, and to place
before the reader an authentic narrative of its rise and [jrogress to the prominent position it now
occupies among the counties of New England.

That such an undertaking is attended with no little diiliculty and vexation none will deny.
The aged jiioneer relates events of the early settlements, while his neighbor sketches the same
events with totally dilFerent outlines. Man's memory is ever at fault, while time j)aints a differ-
ent picture upon every mind. With these the historian has to contend; and while it has been
our aim to compile tin accurate history, were it devoid of all inaccuracies, that j)erfeetion would
have-been attained which the writer had not the faintest conception of, and which Lord Macaulay
once said never could be reached.

From colonial and other documents in the State archives, froiy county, town, and village
records, family manuscripts, printed publications, and innumerable private sources of information,
we have endeavored to produce a history which should prove accurate, instructive, and in every
respect worthy of the counties represented. How well we have succeeded in our task a generous
public, jealous of its reputation and honor, of its traditions and memories, of its defeats and
triumphs, must now be the judge.

We desire to acknowledge our sincere thanks to the editorial fraternity generally for much
.valuable information, which has greatly lessened our labor in the j)reparation of this work ; to
each and every one who has assisted us in the compilation, and would cheerfully make personal
mentiou of each, but it is impracticable, as the number roaches nearly a thousand.
Philadelphia, Nov. 10, 1882.

D. H. H.



CONTENTS.



ROCKINGHAM fOVNTV.

CHAPTER I.
QEOORArnicAi. am) Dkscrii-tive I

CHAPTER II.
Civil List _ 1

CDAPTER Iir.

Military List.

Second, Third, Fuurtli, Firili, Sixth, SeTenIb, Eightli, Kliitli, and Tomb

Eeglnicnta , 3

CHAPTER IV.
Military History. — ( Vuniiniied.)
Klevrntb, Tbirteeutb, Fuurtoenlb, Finornlb, Sixtoeiith, and Eigh-
teenth RegimentD 8

CHAPTER V.
Bkscii and Bar.
AtklDflon — Cliester — Deerfidd—Dcrry—Kpplng— Exeter — Greonlaiid-
idorry — Np



Hampton — Kingston — Londo
Salem— Scahrook— Windham ...



narket — North wood —
18



CHAPTER XI.

Portsmouth. — ( Coiiiinued.)

Mannere and Social Life— Temperance — Use of Tobacco — Social Cus-

I toma — Clnirch Pew» nud Customs — Observance of Sunday — Cost of

LlTiog— Early Lawe— The Isles of SbuaU 66

; CHAPTER XIL

I PORTSMOITII. — (Collliliuetl.)

The Nary-Tard— The "Falkland"— The " Itangcr"— The "America"
—The Ministry of Rogers— Tbo Hiilf-Way Covenant— A New Par-
ish 71

CHAPIER XIII.



CHAPTER VI.
The County Farm— Inlt-nial Improvfmoiils — Railrnmls: The Enstom—
The Portimoutli and Dover— The Tortinioulb, Great Falls and Con-
way — Tbo Concord and Portjimoutb — Soco and Portsmouth — The
Noitbiia and Rochester — The Portauioutb and Rochester — The Boston
and Maine — The Dover and Winnipiseogco — The Mancboeter and
Lawrence 39

CHAPTER VII,

PoiiTSMurTii.

Motives of the Colonl^tta — Early Voyagere — John Smith — The Piscataqua

— Tbomsou's Settlement at Little Harbor — Mason and Lacouia

Patent 41

CHAPTER VIII.
PoRTSMOt.'TII. — (t'oiKiniierf.)
The Church of England — Early Rectors and Govornora— Anecdotes of
Mather — Settled Conclusions — The Laconia Company — Death of Ma-
son — Aliaiidonment of the Settlement by bis Widow— Under tbo Juris-
diction of Massachusetts— Claim of Mason's Heirs — Ricbanl GliNion
— PulpitSu|>pl{es — The name PorU^moutii — Pews and Seating — Early
Laws aud Rulers 44

CHAPTER IX.

PoUTSHOUTII. — (CoHtiuued.)

The Mason Claims — Theological Movemontji — Early Clergymen — Cran-
fleld and Moodey — Imprisonment of Moodey — Dr. Moodey's Interest
in Harvard College— His Dealb 62

CHAPTER X.

PonTSMOUTii. — {Coiilhitied.)
Separation of the Town of New Castle- The Parisli— Litliobolia— Prom-
inence of New Castle- Prominent Inhabitants— The Sheafe Family—
The Jaffrey House 61 J



PORTSMOITII. — (Colllilllied.)

Re-establisbment of E|>iscopacy— Rev. Arlbnr Brown- Dr. Bancroft —
Dr. Burroughs— Rulei-e until the Revolution- Benning Wentworib—
Sir John Wentworib— Prill. ii>al Names in tbo Eurl.v Setllemeul—
I Henry Sberburn^uhn Piikering— Samuel Wentworib— Sir William
Pepperell— The Siege of Lotlisblirg— Cliam[}erriowne — Succeeding
Ministers of llie Old South Parish— Emei-son— A Chnrcli at Ibc Plains
—Absence of the Spirit of Pemecullon— Wilcbcnilt- A New Church
-Sbnrtlelf— Clerical A necdotee— Revival under Wbitefleld— Strong—
Jonathan EilwanU— Ministers of the North Parisb— Tlio Universal-
lal Parisli— Various Events— Visit of Wiubiiigton— Gonclusiuu.... 76

CHAPTER XIV.

PoRT.SMOfTII. — (Culllilllicd.)

Military Record 89

CHAPTER XV.

PouTsltoiJTII. — (Ciinliiiucd.)

Churches— Banks — Press — Societies, etc. — Biographical Sketches.... 92



CHAPTER XVI.
Atkissdn.
Early History— Ecclesiastical History— Educational— Atklnaon Acad-
emy — lodividuals who have entered Learned Professions 117

CHAPTER XVIL

Atklvscs. — (Cunliniied.)

Lawyora— Physicians— Sketi'hes of Inclividuals— Longovity— Miscolla-
U00U8 — Military Becorii — Representatives 122

CHAPTER XVIIL
AriiiH.N.

Geograiibical—Topograiibical— First Settlers— Eccleeiastical— First Con-
gregatiouul Clinrcb — Methodist Episcopal Church — Civil and Military
History— Petition for Incorporation— "Westchester"— TlieO|iiiiisition
-The Town Incorporated— The First Town-Moiling— Moderators-
Town Clerks- Bepresoutatives- Military Histories- Bioginphicul
Sketches i26

CHAPTER XIX.

ISllENTWOOI).

Geographical— Topographii:al—Enrly Inhabitants— Docnmontary Ilis-
tory-Meeting-House—Ecclesiaslical History— Congregational Church
— Baptist Church — Military History — Biographical Sketches 129



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER XX.

Candia.
Geographical— Topographical— Names of Early Settlei-s— Bounds of the
Town— First Town-Meeting— Officers Elected— Documentary History
—Ecclesiastical History— Free-Will Baptiat Churcli— Methodist Epis-
copal Church— Educational— Early Eoads— College Graduates— Mili-
tary History 137

CHAPTER XXr.

Chestkr.
Geographical — Topographical — Proprietoi-s — Early Votes — Petition for
Grant of the Town-Names of Petitionei-s-The Royal Charter— Names
of Original Grantees — Early Families — Pioneer Mills — Pioneer Schools
— College Graduates — Physicians — Attorneys — Ecclesiastical History
—The Presbyterian Church— The Congregational Churcli— Baptist
Church— The Methodist Episcopal Church 142

CHAPTER XXII.
Chesteh. — (Cuiilinned.)
CivU and Milihvnj. — Incorporation of the Town — Original Bounds — Mod-
erators — Clerks — Representatives — Military History — The Heroes of
Three Wars— War of the Revolution— 1812— War of the Rebel-
lion — Biographical Sketches 149

CHAPTER XXIII.
Da.wille.
Geography — Topography — Petition for Parish — Documentary History —
Ecclesiastical History — Methodist Episcopal Church — Free-WlU Bap-
tist Church — Dniversalist Church— Congregational Church — Military
History — Biographical Sketches 161

CHAPTER XXIY.
Dekbfield.
Geographical — Topographical — Petition for Palish Incorporation — First
Town-Meeting— Officers Elected — The Revolution — Ecclesiastical —
Congregational Church— Baptist Church — The Deerfield Academy —
Attorneys — Physicians — Early Families— Delegates to Provincial Con-
gress — Representatives and Town Clerks, 1789 to 1882 — Biographical
Sketches 164

CHAPTER XXV.

Derry. '
Geographical — The Pinkerton Academy — .^dams Female Academy —
Banks — Post-OlRces and Postmasters— Derry Fair — Masonry — Derry
East Village— Derry Village— Derry Depot— Kit Manufactory— Tlie
Milk Business— Mexican War— War of the Rebellion— Londonderry
Celebration— Nutfield Grange, No. 37- Press— Town Hall— First Li-
brary—Taylor Library— Telegraph— Grand Army— Odd Fellowship-
Public Bequests— Telephone-Population and Valuation 168

CHAPTER XXVI.
Dekrv. — ( Continued.)
First Meetiug-House — Methodist Meeting-House — First Congregational
Church— Ministers of the East Parish — Methodist Church and Min-
isters — Ministei-sof the First Congregational Church — Baptist Society
at Derry Depot — Military Record — Biographical Sketches 177

CHAPTER XXVII.
East Kingston.
Early History, etc.— First Settlers— Climate — Education— Temperance
— Geological 184

CHAPTER XXVIII.

East Kingston. — (Continued.)

Distinguished Men — Eminent Women 189

CHAPTER XXIX.
East Kingston. — (Cuntiiined.)
Ecclesiastical History — Congregationalists — Methodists — Baptists —
Adventists — Free-Will Baptists— Universalists-The Christiana— Cath-
olics — Representatives — Political — Military Record — Biographical
Sketches 191



CHAPTER XXX.

El'PING.
Geographical — Topographical — Petition for a Parish — Petition of the
Inhabitants of Epping for Men to protect them, 1747 — Petition in ref-
erence to Highway — War of the Revolution — The Lottery Bridge
—Petition for the Commission of William Plumer as Justice of the
Peace— Pollsof 1783— Incorporation of the Town— First Town-Meeting
-Officers Elected— Ear-Marks— War of the Revolution- Votes of the
Town — Epping in 1804— Industrial Pursuits — Masonic, etc. — List of
Representatives from 1775-1882 — Military Record — Soldiers of the
War of the Rebellion.. 204

CHAPTER XXXI.

Efpi>'G. — ( Continued.)

EcclesiasUcaL — The Congregational Church — The Methodist Episcopal

Church— The Bedding Camp-Meeting Association— Society of Friends

— Universalist Societv



21S



CHAPTER XXXII.
Ep^isg.— (Continued.)
JIfwfeHaiieoiM.— Native Ministei-s— Physicians— Public Officials— Attor-
neys — College Graduates — Railroads— Banks — Population— Origin of
the Name of the Town — Biographical Sketches 224

CHAPTER XXXIIl.
Exeter.
Geographical— Topographical — The First Settlement — John Wheel-
wright and Others— Names of Pioneers — The Exeter *' Combination"
of 1634— Wheelwright's Resilience- Exposure of Exeter to Indian
Hostilities— Edward Cranfield's Despotism — Exeter's Resistance to
Government Taxation- The " Maat-Head" Troubles 243

CHAPTER XXXIV.

Exeter. — ( Continued.)

War of the devolution. — Resolutions of 1774 — Lords North and Bute

burned in Etfigy — Exeter in the first armed resistance to British

Authority— Bursting of the War Cloud— Exeter in Arms— The First

Company 246

CHAPTER XXXV.
Exeter. — [Continued.)
Exeter in 1776.— Topography of the Village — Industries— Shipping —
General View of the Village— Exeter the Capital of the Province and
■State— Adoption there of the First Written Constitution of the Revo-
lutionary Period— The Powder-House — The "Provincial" Jail— The
Court-House — The Meeling-House— Prominent Residents— The Bev-
olntion — Early Merchants 248

CHAPTER XXXVI.

Exeter. — (Continued.)

Antinomian Incidents.— The Outbreak of 1786- Release of the Indian

Murderers, Bowen and Morrill — Arrival of George Wliitefield — First

Reading of the Declaration of Independence — Washington's Visit —

The Hoax of 1798 — Annexation to Massachusetts 260

CHAPTER XXXVII.

Exeter. — ( Continued.)

Ecclesiastical 264

CHAPTER XXXVIII.

Exeter.— (Co)i(muerf.)

The Publishing Interest 274

CHAPTER XXXIX.
Exeter. — (Continued.)
Phillips' Exeter Academy — Robinson's Female Seminary — Banks-
Manufacturing — Military Record — Representatives — Biographical
Sketches 278



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER XL.

Fremoxt.

Geographical — Topographical — Early History — iDcorporatiOD — Military

Record— Biographical Sketchw „ 29«

CHAPTER XLI.

Greknland. '

Geographical— Topographical — Pvtiliou fur Pririlegefl — PetittoD for a

Township — Documentary History — Other Petitions — Taverns — War of

the ReToliitloD — Action of the Towns— Annexatioo to Hanacha-

setts 299

CHAPTER XLII.

Green'I.AN'D. — (Conjinued.)

Ciril History- Ecclesiastical— Junkins Council— Americun Legion of

Honor— Wlnnlcnl Ixxlge, No. 92, A. F. and A. M.— Brackett Academy

— Bepresentatlves— Sliiitary Record- Biographical Sketches. 302

CHAPTER XLIII.
GosroBT 312

CHAPTER XLIV.

HAMI-STKAn.

Qeogrnphical— Top«>graphlcal — Petition for l^nrlsh — Names of Early Set-
tiera— The Fiml Setllomonta— Congregational Church— Military Rec-
ord—Biographical Sketches 313

CHAPTER XLV.

Hamitox.

Geographical— Topographical— Fltvt Settlement — The " Bound House**

—Names of Early Setllem-Incideuts - 317

CHAPTER XI,VI.

Hamiton.— {C"H»inu«/.)

Quakeni— The First Mill— The Meeting-IIouse— Wolves— Watch.Houee

—Purity of the Ballot-" llnnsomlng" the Chun-h— Forts- Garrisons

— Ringing the Bell — The Causeway — Witchcraft — Persecution of the

Quakere 321

CHAPTER XLVII.

HamI'TOX (ConliimrJ.)

First Vote concerulng British Oppression — Tea Act Resolves— Provincial
Cougreas—Guanl— Committee of Safety— Soldlen' Bounties— List of
Revolutionary Soldiers — Soldiera of the Rehellion 322

CHAPTER XLVIII.

Hampton. — ( Cuniinuitl.)

Ecclesiastical — Physicians — Incorporatiou — Original Territorial Limits

—Representatives from 1639 to 1883— Town Clerks— Biographical

Sketches 328

CHAPTER XLIX.
Hamito.v Falls.
Geographical— Tu|)ogmphicaI— List of Early Inhahitants — Petition of
Hampton Falls for a Fair— Grant of a Fair, 1734— Other Petitions-
Council of 1737 333

CHAPTER L.

Hampton Falls.— (Co.,(,-,iuei/.)

Streams and Falls 3.'!4

CHAPTER LI.

Hampton Falls. — ( Cuiitimuil.)

Churches — Rockingham Academy — Wearo Monument — Representatives

— Military Record — Biographical Sketches 337

CHAPTER LII.

Kensington.

Early History— Churches — Church Societies 352



CHAPTER LIII.

I Kexsisgtox. — ( Cuiiiiniied.)

Physicians — Educational — Currency — Slaves — Population — Senators —
Repreeentalivee — Military History — Temperance — Biographical
Sketches 357

CHAPTER LIV.

KlNG.sTON.
I Geographical — Tofiographical- Original Charter — Occupations- Ecdesi-
asticid— History- The Epidemic 366

CHAPTER LV.
KisosTON. — {Conl!nuetl.)
Educational — Ecclesiastical — Granteee — Profc«8ional Men, etc. — Repre-
sentatives from 1708 to 1883 — Military Record — Biographical
Sketches 373

1 CHAPTER LVI.

i Newcastle.

I Geographical— Topographical— First Settlement— (ireat Island— The

^ Fort of 1660— Fort William and >l»iy— Fort Coustltulion- Remiuis-

I cencee— Promiuenl Men— The Wonlworlli- .Military Record 388

CHAPTER LVir.

Newincton.

Geographical— Topographical— Si'tlloment— Indian Traiibles— The Mas-

•acre of " nio