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D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton) Hurd.

History of Rockingham and Strafford counties, New Hampshire : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

. (page 165 of 217)
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Old Soldiers.— There is extant a " True list of all
the Training Soldiers In the Parish of Somersworth
Under the command of Thomas Wallingford Capt
&c.," July 23, 1746. Among those enumerated who
lived in that part of the parish which is now Rollins-
ford are the above-named Thomas Wallingford,



Sergt. John Richer, Sergt. Phillip Stackpole, Sergt.
William Wentworth, Ebenezer Wentworth, Joseph
Wentworth, Benjamin Wentworth, Ephraim Rich-
ers, Meturin Richers, Abram Miramey, Samuel
Noch, Henry Noch, Thomas Tibbets, Jr., Ezekiel
Wentworth, Ebenezer Roberts, Thomas Wentworth,
George Richers, Sr., Robert Cole, James Clements,
Moses Tibbets, Samuel Wentworth, George Richers,
Jr., Samuel Wentworth, Jr., Nath. Noch, Jonathan
Merrow, John Wentworth, Hatevil Roberts, Benja-
min Roberts, Drisco Noch, William Stackpole, Joseph
Varncy, Elisha Crommel, James Stackpole, Richard
Phillpot, Samuel Waymoth (tithing man of the
parish), James Noch, Love Roberts, Jr., John
Richers, Jr., Benjamin Warren, Samuel Roberts,
Francis Roberts, Ebenezer Roberts, Jr., Job Cle-
ments, Marke Wentworth, William Chadwick.

Military Record, 1861-65.— The following is a
list of the men mustered into the United States ser-
vice under the call of July 2, 1862, and subsequent
calls, and assigned to the quota of RoUinsford, and
to whom the town paid bounties, and was reimbursed
in part by the amount affixed to each name, as
awarded by the commissioners for the reimbursement
of municipal war expenditures, appointed by the
Legislature under the act of July, 1870 and 1871.

The commissioners took no cognizance of men who
enlisted and were mustered in previous to the said
call of July 2, 1862.'

J..I111 D. Mnhoiiy, Co. A, 4lli Regt. ; Fek 10,1804; rc-i>iilisted.

CImrleffE. Colcoril, Co. C, 4lli Kogt.; Teb. 17, 1SU4: re-eu]i»lcil.

DuriiL-l Munnj-, Co. K, 5lh Ucgt.; DfC. 7, 1853.

August L. Lilchfielil, Co. F, 7th Kcgt. ; l"ul). 28, 1S04 ; rc-ciiliated.

rmriclt H. Miigliiie, Co. F, 7tll Begt. ; Feb. 20, 1804 ; re-fillWed.

Peter \V. Moriindy, Co. F, 7lh Regt.; Feb. 20, 1804; le-eJili-lnd.

Wfb^^ter Miller, Co. F, 7th Regt. ; Feb. 29, 1804 ; re-enlisted.

Thoniiis Ford, Co. F, 7Ui Ucgt.; Feb. 20, 1804; re-enlisted.

.Iiimi'S Murpb.v, Co. I, 7lh Rcf;t.; Feb. 2.S, 1SC4 ; re-eulisted.

Enoch Tibbets, Co. C, Olh Rcgt.; Dec. 7, 180:i.

Albert II. Perkins, Co. C, Olli Regt. ; Dec. 8, 1803.

Albanois Worsler, Co. C, 9th Regt.; Dec. 8, 1803.

Michael Hogan, Co. F, 10th Regt. ; Sept. 10,180i.

Jiinics O'Brien. Co. F, lOtli Regt.; Sept. 10, 1SC2.

John Liddoli, Co. F, lOlh Regt.; Sept. 16, 1802.

John Handlin, Co. F, Kith Regt.; Sept. 10, 1802.

Putrick Croger, Co. I, loth Kect. ; Aug. 20, 1802.

Henry Downing, Co. I, loth Regt ; Aug. 4, 1802.

Chiirles W. Abbott, Co. K, iOlh Kegt.; Sept. 1, 1802.

James Coulter, Co. I, 10th Kegt.; Aug. 23, 1802.

Henry Redan, Co. B, 11th Regt.; Dec.18, 1863.

Flank Davis, Co. D, IHIi Regt.: July 29, 1804.

James McCluney, Co. D, I2tli Regt. ; Dec. 11, 1803.

Thomas O'Brien, Co. D, 12th Regt.; Dec. 11, 1803.

Thunias Kiugley, Co. D, 121h Regt.; Dec. 11, 180!.

Benjamin Williams, Co. D, 12lh Regt.; Dec. 11, 1803.

Thomas Douley, Co. D, 12lh Regt. ; Dec. 11, 1803.

William Davis, Co. D, 121h Regt.; Dec. 11, 1803.

Alonzo E Curtis, Co. D, Olh Regt.; July 30, 1804.

James Dorrity, Co. D, Olh Regt.; July 30, 1804.

Edward Flaunigan, Co. D, 0th Regt. ; July 30, 1804.

James Thompsou, Co. D, Olh Regt.; July 30, 1804.

George B. Brown, Co. D, 9th Kegt.; July 20, 1804.-

Joseph Wentworth, Co. D, Olh Regt.; July 20, 1804.

Michael McLaughlin, Co. D, Olh Regt. ; July 28, 1804.

James M. Thompson, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1802.

^ The date given is the date of muster.



,m"^^^




^ ^^r^ ^^^^^A.



EOLLINSFORD.



673



George F. Shedil, Co. B, 13th Rt-gt.; Sept. 18, 1802.
.Imnes M. Pierce, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1802.
Levi J. Bradley, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
Juliii M. Dore, Oo. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1802.
N. B. Cliupman, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
William H. Sjlhea, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1862.
Albion K. B. Shiiw, Co. B, 13tli Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
William H, Aspiiiwall, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
ChnrleB S. Aveiill, Co. B, 13th Begt, ; Sept. 18, 1802.
IiH A. Bedell, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
Pavid W. Bodge, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1862.
Richard Doherly, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
.lolin Drew, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1862.
John A. Dawson, Co. B. 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
FianUliii Grant, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
Charles E. Hartford, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. IS, 1862.
Jam s 0. Haiiscom, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1862.
John llunscom, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
James F. Hayes, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1662.
David Hodgdon, Co. B, 13lh Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
All.ion A. Lord, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1862.
^^■illiam E. Lord, Co. B, 13tli Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
John McKinsey, Co. B, 13lh Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1802.
David McGroty, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
Charles H. C. Otis, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
William C. Powers, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
John Pendham, Co. B, 13th Begt.; Sept. 18, 1802.
Smith 0. Page, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1802.
William H. Peckharo, Co. B, 13tli Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1802.
On in Rollins, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1802.
Orenzo Rollins, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1802.
Renlien Randall, Co. B, 13th Begt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
William F. Staples, Co. B. 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1802.
Charles B. Saunders, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1862.
Albert C. Thompson, Co. B, 13th Begt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
Henry C. Willaid, Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 18, 1862.
Horatio H. Warren, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. 18, 1862.
Joseph Wiggill, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. IS, 1802.
Tlionnis Wentworth, Co. B, 13th Regt. ; Sept. IS, 1802.
Elisha E. Dodge, capt. Co. B, 13th Regt.; Sept. 27, 1S62.
Frank J. Courson, Co.B, 1st Cav. ; March 28, 1SU4.
Joseph H. Cnrrier, Co. B, Ist Cav.; March 25, 1864.
James McGregor, Co. B, 1st Cav. ; March 26, 1864.
Nelson C. Eastman, Co. B, Ist Cav.; March 20, 18114.
John S. Powers, Co. B, lat Cav.; March 28, 1804.
George A. Webster, Co. 1, 1st Cav.; March 23, 1864.
George H. Steele, Co. K, 1st Cav.; Jlarch 18, 1804.
Lake B. Enssell, Co. G, H. Art. ; Sept. 4, 1864.
Gilman Knight, Co. G, H. Art.; Sept. 4, 1864.
John H. Sanbeni, V. E. C; Dec. 17, 1803.
Chat les N. Adams, U. S. A. ; Feb. 0, 1S04.
J' rank Stanley, Ang. 9, 1804.
Richard Stanley, Ang. 9, 1804.
^\ illiam Dorman, Ang. 21, 1804.
Chailes Kerwiu, Aug. 2, 1804.
George Williams, Ang. 2, 1804.
William L, Lane, Aug. 2, 1804.
Ani.is W. Pike, Ang. 2, 1804 ; substitnle.
John (J'Keil, Aug. 17, 1804.
James Sharracka, Sept. 8, 1804.
Henry Hemp, Sept. 8, 1804.
Frank S. Mildraw, Sept. 0, 1804.
I'ierce B. Buckley, Sept.O, 1804.
Lewis Gerowid, Sept. 0, 1804.
ThonniB Morrity, Sept. 7, 1804.
Michael Medden, Sept. 7, 1804.
Robert Cair, Sept. 7, 1804.
William Williams, Sept. 17. 1803.
Charles Smith, July 3, 1803.
Ilinry B. Pliilpot, Ang. 15, 1804.
Jidin Drury, Aug. 10,1801.
Thomas Kearns, Aug. 12, 1804.
George W. Brooks, September, 1S03.
Patrick O'Grady, Si ptemher, 1803.
C.J. Collager, September, 1803.
Richard Proctor, September, 1S03.
Ale.\anJer 0. Anderson, September, 1803.
43



.John Shepard, September, 1863.

Samuel H. Rollins, May 5, 1803; substitute.

Men who served four years 1 $133.34

" " " three years 108 1U,S00.U0

" " " one year 2UO.00

" " " two months 1 6.55

Tot.-il S11,138.S9

FIRST REGIMENT VOLUNTEERS— T/irfe MoiMs.
GeorgeGuppey, Ist sergt. Co. A. I George R. Shapleigh, Co. A.



Minot R. Bedell, Co. A.
George Boucher, Co. A.
Charles E. Colcord, Co. A.
James Daniels, Co. A.
Webster Miller, Co. A.
Henry Nichols, Co. A.
Ivory Pray, Co. A.
George 11. Robinson, Co. A.



Josiah Whitehouse, Co. A.
George H.Jenkins, Corp. Co. B.
George R. Downing, Co. B.
Jones Reynolds, Co. B.
Jacob W. Yeaton, Co. B.
Lewis K. Litchfield, Corp. Co. B.
William Yeaton, Co. B.



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

BARTHOLOMEW WENTWORTH.

Prominent in the annals of this section of New
England from its earliest settlement to the present
time, and thorouglily identified with its moral, reli-
gious, and material development, stands the name of
Wentworth, honored and respected. The family dates
its ancestry in this country to Elder William Went-
worth, who with Rev. John Wheelwright and thirty-
three others formed a " combination for a government
at Exeter, N. H.," Oct. 4, 1C39.

Bartholomew Wentworth, the subject of this me-
moir, was the great-great-grandson of Elder William,
and was born in the pre.sent town of Rollinsford, Jan.
7, 1788. Here he lived and died on the estate which
for more than two hundred years had been in the
possession of the AVentworth family. He was the
twelfth child and seventh son in a family of fourteen
children, ten of whom arrived at maturity. He was
an active citizen of Rollinsford, and held various
town offices, the duties of which he discharged with
acceptability and credit.

July 28, 1811, he united in marriage with Nancy,
daughter of Capt. William and Sarah Roberts Hall,
and their family consisted of the following: Arioch,
who resides in Boston ; Catherine (deceased), married
Charles Ela, of Dover; Ruth, wife of John B. Grif-
fiths, of Durham ; William Hall is a resident of Cam-
bridge, with business in Boston ; Selucus (deceased) ;
and Sally and Rebecca Ann live on the old home-
stead.

Bartholomew Wentworth was a son of Bartholomew
and Ruth Hall Wentworth. His father died May 2j,
1813, and his mother in January, 1840.

Mrs. Wentworth's father was a descendant of Dea-
con John Hall, who was the first of the name in this
country, and came to Dover from England in about
the year 1639. He was a man of prominence, and
deacon of the first church in Dover for nearly forty
years, while William Wentworth was an elder. He



674



HISTORY OF STRAFFORD COUNTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE.



was a selectman and also town clerk, holding the latter
office sixteen years, closing with 1685. He died in
about the year 1693 or 1694.

Mrs. Wentworth was born April 12, 1793, and
although now in her ninetieth year retains in a re-
markable degree the vigor and elasticity of youth,
and vividly relates scenes and incidents of " ye olden
time." She resides on the old homestead with her
daughters in the town of Rollinsford.



HIRAM R. ROBERTS.

Hiram R. Roberts was born in Somersworth (now
Rollinsford), May 16, 1806. In 1820 his father died,
leaving young Hiram the sole support of his widowed
mother, wdiom he aided in the management of the
farm and the maintenance of a family of younger
children. Under these circumstances he was unable
to gratify any desire he may have had for acquiring
a liberal education ; but he made the most, however,
of the advantages afforded by the district school, and
also found opportunity to attend the academy at
South Berwick, Me. He secured a good English
education, and qualified himself for teaching in the
common schools, which occupation he followed for
several winters, when farm-work did not require his
presence at home. After coming of age he purchased
the interest of the other children in the farm, and set
out in earnest upon his life-work as a thorough and
successful farmer ; and it is but justice to add that
Judge Roberts became one of the leading agricul-
turists in the State.

The original homestead was settled by Judge Rob-
erts' great-grandfather in 1743, and has since re-
mained in the family. He was one of the organizers
of the Strafford County Agricultural Society, and was
its first president. He was also a member of the State
Board of Agriculture for Strafford County.

Judge Roberts was never a politician in the general
sense of the term, although strongly interested in pub-
lic affairs and thoroughly identified with the Demo-
cratic party, for whose success he always earnestly
labored. He held the office of selectman, represented
the town in the Legislature in 1837, and in 1839 was
appointed by Governor Page associate justice of the
Court of Common Pleas for Strafford County, then
embracing Strafford, Belknap, and Carroll Counties.
He held this position thirteen years, and in 1852 he
was appointed by Governor Martin to the oflSce of
judge of probate, in which capacity he served until
1857. In 1875 he received the gubernatorial nomina-
tion, and in one of the closest political contests ever
known in this State he received the largest vote ever
cast for a Democratic candidate for Governor of New
Hampshire, there being no choice by the people, and
the vote of his opponent. Governor Cheney, being less
than two hundred greater than his ; but the Repub-
licans having secured a small majority in the Legis-
lature elected their candidate.



Judge Roberts was one of the incorporators of the
Salmon Falls Bank and the Rollinsford Savings-
Bank, and was president of both from their incorpo-
ration until his death, and was a most skillful and
judicious financier. He manifested a decided inter-
est in educational matters, and was school superin-
tending committee several years. He regarded the
claims of morality and religion, and his life through-
out was a shining example of Christian faith and
practice. For more than forty years he was a mem-
ber of the Baptist Church at South Berwick, Me., and
a large portion of that time superintendent of the
Sabbath-school.

In November, 1831, he united in marriage with Miss
Ruth Ham, daughter of John Ham, of Dover, and
their family consisted of nine children, — John Ham,
who resides on the old homestead ; Stephen, deceased ;
Elizabeth, deceased; Edward H., deceased; Walter
S. Hall, and Frank W., reside in Iowa; Susan J., is
the wife of Samuel H. Rollins of tliis town ; and Jo-
seph Doe, who also is a resident of Rollinsford.

Judge Roberts was one of New Hampshii-e's most
honored citizens, and his home was pre-eminently the
abode of substantial New England comfort. His
death occurred May 30, 1876, on the farm wlicre he
was born, and where several generations of the family
had lived and died.



nON. EDWARD II. ROLLINS.'
The Rollins family is one of the oldest and most
numerous in the State. In Southeastern New Hamp-
shire, from tlie seaboard to Lake Winnipiseogee, the
Rollins name is prominent in the history of almost
every town. Most if not all the representatives of
the name in this region, and among them the subject
of this sketch, are the descendants of James Rollins
(or Hait'/ins, as the name was then and for a long time
after spelled, and is now by some branches of the
family), who came to America in 1632, with the first,
settlers of Ipswich, Mass., and who, ten or twelve years
afterwards, located in that portion of old Dover known
as "Bloody Point," now embraced in the town of New-
ington, where he died about 1690. The representa-
tives of the family suffered their full share in tiic
privations and sacrifices incident to the firm estab-
lishment of the colony, and performed generous pub-
lic service in the early Indian and French wars and
the great Revolutionary contest. Ichabod, the eldest
son of James Rawlins, and of whom Edward H. is
a lineal descendant, was waylaid and killed by a
party of Indians while on the way from Dover to
Oyster River (now Durham), with one John Bunker,
May 22, 1707. Thomas, the second son of James,
who subsequently became a resident of Exeter, was a
member of the famous " dissolved Assembly" of 1683,
who took up arms under Edward Gove and endeav-



' By IIou. DaniL-I Hall.




^. (7c^^/ji-.u^





. L C ij



ROLLINSFORD.



G75



ored to incite an insurrection against the tyrannical
royal Governor, Cranfield. For tliis attempt Gove
and others, including Thomas Rawlins, were pre-
sented for high treason. Gove was tried, convicted,
and sentenced to death, but was subsequently par-
doned. We do not learn, however, that any of the
others were tried. Others of the family fell victims
to the murderous malignity of the Indians.

There were from twenty-five to thirty descendants
of James Rawlins, of the fourth and fifth generations,
engaged in active service, and several of them in dis-
tinguished capacities, in the patriot cause during the
Revolutionary war.

Among the first settlers of that portion of Dover
which afterwards became Somersworth was Jeremiah
Rollins, the only son of Ichabod, heretofore men-
tioned as slain by the Indians. He was one of the
petitioners for the incorporation of Somersworth as a
separate parish. He died a few years previous to the
Revolution, leaving several daughters, but only one
son, Ichabod Rollins, who became an active champion
of the Revolutionary cause, was a member of the con-
ventions at Exeter in 1775, and served as a member
of the committee appointed to prepare a plan of pro-
viding ways and means for furnishing troops, and
also as a member of the committee of supplies, the
principal labor upon which was performed by him-
self and Timothy Walker, of Concord. He was a
member of the convention which resolved itself into
an independent State government Jan. 5, 1776, and
served in the Legislature in October following. He
was the first jitdge of probate under the new govern-
ment, holding the office from 1776 to 1784. He was
subsequently a member of the Executive Council, and
died in 1800. From this eminent citizen the town
of Rollinsford, formed from the portion of Somers-
worth in which he resided, received its name. He
stands midway in a direct line of descent from James
Rawlins to Edward H., the great-grandson of James,
and great-grandfather of Edward H. He had four
sons, of whom John, the oldest, was the grandfather
of Hon. Daniel G. Rollins, who was judge of probate
for the county of Strafford from 1857 to 1866, and
whose son, Edward Ashton Rollins, was Sjieaker of
the New Hampshire House of Repre.-entatives in
1861-62, commissioner of Internal Revenue under
President Johnson, and is now president of the
Centennial Bank at Philadelphia ; and another son,
Daniel G. Rollins, was recently district attorney, and
is now surrogate of the city and county of New York.
James Rollins, the third son of Ichabod, and grand-
father of Edward H., settled upon the farm in Rol-
linsford, which has since remained the family home-
stead. He was the father of thirteen children, seven
sons and six daughters. Of these, Daniel Rollins, the
eighth child, born May 30, 1707, and who married
Mary, eldest daughter of Ebenezer Plumer, of Rol-
linsford, was the father of Edward H. He succeeded
to the homestead, but sold out and went to Maine



with a view of making his home there. He soon re-
turned and repurchased that part of the homestead
lying east of the highway, and erected a dwelling op-
posite the old family mansion, where he lived a life
of sturdy industry, rearing a family of six children,
four sons and two daughters, and died Jan. 7, 1864.

Edward Henry Rollins, the oldest of the children,
was born Oct. 3, 1824. He lived at home, laboring
upon the farm in the summer season, attending the
district school in winter, and getting an occasional
term's attendance at the South Berwick Academy and
Franklin Academy, in Dover, until seventeen years of
age, when he went to Concord and engaged as drug-
gist's clerk in the well-known apothecarj'-store of
John McDaniel. He retained his situation some
three or four years, industriously applying himself to
the details of the business. He then went to Boston,
where he was engaged in similar service until 1847,
when, having thoroughly mastered the business, he
returned to Concord and went into trade on his own
account, soon building up a large and successful busi-
ness. Having bought and improved the land on
Main Street, just north of the Eagle Hotel, the great
fire of 1851 destroyed the building, which he had but
recently finished. He rebuilt the stores known as
"Rollins' Block," one of which was occupied by his
own business for so many years. This property he
sold a short time since to the New Hampshire Savings-
Bank.

In politics, Mr. Rollins was originally a Webster
Whig, but voted for Franklin Pierce in 1852, and for
Nathaniel B. Baker, the Democratic candidate for
Governor, at the next March election. The aggres-
sions of slavery, however, culminating in the passage
of the Kansas-Nebraska bill and the repeal of the
Missouri Compromise, dissolved his brief connection
with the Democratic party. Strongly opposed to the
extension of slavery or any measures rendering its
extension possible, though he had previously taken
no active part in politics, he enlisted in the American
or Know-Nothing movement in the winter of 1854-
55, with the hope that it might, as it did, prove in-
strumental in the defeat of the Democracy.

From this time Mr. Rollins was an active politician.
He labored effectively in perfecting the new party
organization, taking therein the liveliest interest. At
the March election, 1855, he was chosen to the Legis-
lature from Concord, and served efliciently in that
body as a member of the Judiciary Committee. The
next year witnessed the merging of the American
party in the new Republican party, which object Mr.
Rollins was largely instrumental in securing. Re-
elected to the Legislature in March, 1856, Mr. Rollins
was chosen Speaker of the House, ably discharging
the duties of the office, and was re-elected the fol-
lowing year. The talent which he had already de-
veloped as a political organizer made his services
eminently desirable as a campaign manager, and he
was made chairman of the first State Central Com-



676



HISTORY OF STRAFFORD COUNTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE.



inittee of the Republican party, a position which he
held continuously until his election to Congress in
18G1, and in which he exhibited a capacity for
thorough organization, a mastery of campaign work,
in general and in detail, seldom equaled and cer-
tainly never surpassed.

He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation
in the Republican National Convention at Chicago
in 1860, having been chosen a delegate at large by the
State Convention, with but a single vote in opposition.
In the close contest between the friends of Lincoln
and Seward in that convention the New Hampshire
delegation, under his lead, supported Lincoln from
the first, and was strongly instrumental in securing
his nomination.

In 1861, Mr. Rollins was elected to Congress from
the Second District over the Democratic candidate,
the late Chief Justice Samuel D. Bell. He was re-
elected in 1863 over Col. John H. George, and in 1865
over Hon. Lewis W. Clark, now associate justice of
the Supreme Court. Mr. Rollins' congressional career
covered the exciting period of the late civil war and
subsequent reconstruction, and he was throughout a
zealous supporter of the most advanced Republican
measures, such as the abolition of slavery in the Dis-
trict of Columbia and the thirteenth and fourteenth
amendments to the Constitution, abolishing slavery
throughout the Union, conferring citizenship and civil
rights upon colored men, fixing the basis of represen-
tation in Congress upon all citizens without regard
to color or previous condition, imposing political dis-
abilities upon such civil and military officers of the
government as had violated their oaths by engaging
in the Rebellion, declaring the inviolability of the
public debt, and prohibiting forever the payment of
that incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against
the United States. To this entire policy Mr. Rollins
gave a most earnest support, and took part zealously
and efficiently in all the important legislation of those
days. He was an industrious member of the com-
mittees to which he was assigned, serving on the Com-
mittee on the District of Columbia, as chairman of the
Committee on Accounts, and a member of the Com-
mittee on Public Expenditures, by which latter com-
mittee, during his service, a vast amount of labor was
performed, especially in the investigation of the man-
agement of the New York and Boston custom-houses,
involving the operations of the " blockade runners"
during the war. He was also, on account of his well-
known parliamentary knowledge and skill, frequently
called to the chair to preside over the House on turbu-
lent occasions.

In view of Mr. Rollins' subsequent intimate con-
nection with the Union Pacific Railroad Company, it
is proper to remark that in Congress he was a firm
opponent of, and voted against, the measure adopted
in July, 1864, doubling the land grant of this com-
pany, and making the government security a second



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