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SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
LIBRARY




Medical Library Exchange:
University of Chicago
Medical School Library



NOT



BE TAKEN FRO'



-.*



e



DUPLICATE



MANUAL OF ANATOMY



PUBLISHED BY THE JOINT COMMITTEE OF HENRY FROWDE AND HODDER & STOUGHTON
AT THE OXFORD PRESS WAREHOUSE, 17 WARWICK SQUARE, LONDON, E.C-4



m



CUNNINGHAM'S MANUAL

OF

PRACTICAL ANATOMY



REVISED AND EDITED BY

ARTHUR ROBINSON

PROFESSOR OF ANATOMY I.V THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH



SEVEN tH EDITION 1

MEDICAL SCHOOI

VOLUME THIRD
HEAD AND NECK

WITH 233 ILLUSTRATIONS, MANY OF WHICH ARE COLOURED




WILLIAM WOOD AND COMPANY

EDINBURGH, GLASGOW, AND LONDON

HENRY FROWDE AND HODDER & STOUGHTON

1921



3 A



v.



Printed in Great Britain by R. & R. CLARK. LIMITED, Edinburgh.



1903;

3;v/ Edition, 1906.

'.*M EJitjpfb 1907.

:?A Editicn\ 191?.

' 6^/i Edition, 1914.

6M Edition, -2nd Impression. 1917.

6/// Edition, yd Impression, 1918.

7i*/j Edition, 1920.
7 /A Edition, -2nd Impression, 1921



34






CI



PREFACE TO
THE SEVENTH EDITION



IN this edition the general text has been revised, many new
figures, representing dissections, sections and radiographs,
have been introduced. The instructions for dissection have
been printed in a distinctive indented type ; in many cases
they have been rewritten and in some cases amplified.

The latter changes, together with the additional figures,
have caused so much increase of size that it has been deemed
advisable to publish the book in three volumes. Vol. I. :
Superior Extremity and Inferior Extremity ; Vol. II. : Thorax
and Abdomen ; Vol. III. : Head and Neck.

As was the case in previous editions, I am indebted to
Dr. E. B. Jamieson for many suggestions, for his invaluable
help in the revision of the text and for the preparation of
the Index.

My thanks are due to Dr. Robert Knox, to Major A. W.
Pirie and to Major T. Rankin for the use of radiographs,
which they very kindly prepared for me, and to Mr. J. T.
Murray for the new drawings of sections and dissections.

ARTHUR ROBINSON.
s.*^"

Oct, n, 1919.




CONTENTS



HEAD AND NECK.

PAGE

FACE AND FRONTAL REGION OF HEAD, ... 2

SIDE OF THE NECK, ...... 31

POSTERIOR TRIANGLE, ...... 32

THE SCALP AND THE SUPERFICIAL STRUCTURES OF THE

TEMPORAL REGION, . . . . .42

THE DISSECTION OF THE BACK, ..... 55

REMOVAL OF THE BRAIN, ...... 98

THE ANTERIOR PART OF THE NECK, . . . .120

PAROTID REGION, ....... 161

TEMPORAL AND INFRATEMPORAL REGIONS, . . .167

SUBMAXILLARY REGION, . . . . . .183

OTIC GANGLION AND TENSOR VELI PALATINI, . . .199

THE GREAT VESSELS AND NERVES OF THE NECK, . . 200

THYREOID GLAND TRACHEA (ESOPHAGUS, . . 227

SCALENE MUSCLES AND RECTUS LATERALIS, . .231

THE LATERAL PART OF THE MIDDLE CRANIAL FOSSA, . 234

THE ORBIT, ....... 242

PREVERTEBRAL REGION, . . ... . . 262

THE JOINTS OF THE NECK, ..... 269

MOUTH AND PHARYNX, . . . . . .277

CAROTID CANAL, . . . . . ... 299

NERVUS MAXILLARIS, . . . . . .300

NASAL CAVITIES, ....... 304

SPHENO - PALATINE GANGLION AND INTERNAL MAXILLARY .

ARTERY, ....... 317

THE LARYNX, . ... . . . . 322

THE TONGUE, ....... 346

vii



viii CONTENTS

ENCEPHALON THE BRAIN.

PAGE

BLOOD VESSELS OF THE BRAIN, ..... 376

THE BASE OF THE BRAIN, . . . . 389

THE CEREBRUM, ....... 396

VENTRICULUS LATERALIS, ..... 426

SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM FORNIX TELA CHORIOIDEA

VENTRICULI TERTII, ..... 440

THE THALAMI AND THE THIRD VENTRICLE, . . 445
THE MESENCEPHALON, . . . . . -451

BASAL GANGLIA OF THE CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES, . . 458
THE PARTS OF THE BRAIN WHICH LIE IN THE POSTERIOR

CRANIAL FOSSA, ...... 474

THE AUDITORY APPARATUS.

EXTERNAL EAR, ....... 506

MEMBRANA TYMPANI, ... . 509

MIDDLE EAR, TYMPANIC ANTRUM, AND AUDITORY TUBE, '. 510

OSSICULA AUDITUS, . . . . . - S 1 7

TUBA AUDITIVA, ...... 520

INTRAPETROUS PART OF THE FACIAL NERVE AND THE ACOUSTIC

NERVE, ..... 523

INTERNAL EAR, ....... 527

VESTIBULUM, ....... 527

CANALES SEMICIRCULARES OSSEI, .... 528

COCHLEA, . . . . . . -529

BULBUS OCULI.

GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE EYEBALL, . . . 533

SCLERA, ........ 534

CORNEA, ...... -535

TUNICA VASCULOSA OCULI, ..... 536

RETINA, ........ 542

CORPUS VITREUM, ...... 543

LENS CRYSTALLINA, . . . . . . 545

CHAMBERS OF THE EYEBALL, ..... 546

INDEX . . 547



A GLOSSARY



OF THE



INTERNATIONAL (B.N.A.)
ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY



Frontalis



GENERAL TERMS.
TERMS INDICATING SITUATION AND DIRECTION.



Referring to the long axis of the body.
/Referring to the position of the long
^ axis of the body in the erect posture.
f Referring to the front and back of the
^ body or of the limbs.
^Referring to the anterior and posterior

aspects, respectively, of the body,

and to the flexor and extensor
^ aspects of the limbs, respectively.
f Referring to position nearer the head
I or the tail end of the long axis.
~\ Used only in reference to parts of
V. the head, neck, or trunk.
Used in reference to the head, neck,

and trunk. Equivalent to cranial

and caudal respectively.
( Used only in reference to the limbs.

Proximal nearer the attached end.
I Distal nearer the free end.
rUsed in reference to planes parallel
| with the sagittal suture of the
1 skull, i.e. vertical antero-posterior
I planes.

T Used in reference to planes parallel
j with the coronal suture of the skull,
I i.e. transverse vertical planes.

ix



Longitudinalis


Longitudina


Verticalis


Vertical


Anterior
Posterior

Ventral

Dorsal
Cranial


Anterior 'i
Posterior J
Ventral >

Dorsal J
Cranial ^


Caudal
Superior


Caudal J
Superior \


Inferior
Proximalis


Inferior J
Proximal \


Distalis


Distal j


Sagittalis


Sagittal



Frontal



GLOSSARY



Horizontalis

Medianus
Medialis

Lateralis
Intermedius

Superficialis

Profundus

Externus



Internus
Ulnaris

Radialis
Tibial



Horizontal

Median
Medial ^j

Lateral J
Intermediate

Superficial\
Deep /
External^



Internal
Ulnar \

Radial/
Tibial ^



I

Fibular FibularJ



Used in reference to planes at right

angles to vertical planes.
Referring to the median vertical

antero-posterior plane of the body.
Referring to structures relatively

nearer to or further away from the

median plane.

Referring to structures situated be-
tween more medial and more

lateral structures.
Referring to structures nearer to and

further away from the surface.
Referring, with few exceptions, to the

walls of cavities and hollow organs.

Not to be used as synonymous with
. medial and lateral.
Used in reference to the medial and

lateral borders of the forearm,

respectively.
Used in reference to the medial and

lateral borders of the leg, re-
spectively.



THE BONES.



B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.

Vertebrae

Fovea costalis superior

P'ovea costalis inferior

Fovea costalis transversalis
Radix arcus vertebrae

Atlas

Fovea dentis

Epistropheus
Dens

Sternum

Corpus sterni
Processus xiphoideus
Incisura jugularis
Planum sternale

Ossa Granii.
Os frontale

Spina frontalis
Processus zygomaticus
Facies cerebralis
Facies frontalis
Pars orbitalis



OLD TERMINOLOGY.

Vertebras

Incomplete facet for head of rib,

upper
Incomplete facet for head of rib,

lower

Facet for tubercle of the rib
Pedicle

Atlas

Facet for odontoid process

Axis

Odontoid process

Sternum
Gladiolus
Ensiform process
Supra-sternal notch
Anterior surface

Bones of Skull.
Frontal

Nasal spine

External angular process
Internal surface
Frontal surface
Orbital plate



GLOSSARY



XI



B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.

Os parietale

Lineae temporales
Sulcus transversus
Sulcus sagittalis

Os occipitale

Canal is hypoglossi
Foramen occipitale magnum
Canalis condyloideus
Sulcus transversus
Sulcus sagittalis
Clivus

Linea nuchse suprema
Linea nuchge superior
Linea nuchae inferior

Os sphenoidale

Crista infratemporalis

Sulcus chiasmatis

Crista sphenoidalis

Spina angularis

Lamina medialis processus ptery-

goidei
Lamina lateralis processus ptery-

goidei

Canalis pterygoideus [Vidii]
Fossa hypophyseos
Sulcus caroticus
Conchas sphenoidales
Hamulus pterygoideus
Canalis pharyngeus
Tuberculum sellae
Fissura orbitalis superior

Os temporale

Canalis facialis [Fallopii]
Hiatus canalis facialis
Vagina processus styloidei
Incisura mastoidea
Impressio trigemini
Eminentia arcuata

Sulcus sigmoideus
Fissura petrotympanica
Fossa mandibularis
Semicanalis tubae auditivse

Os ethmoidale

Labyrinthus ethmoidalis
Lamina papyracea
Processus uncinatus



OLD TERMINOLOGY.

Parietal

Temporal ridges
Groove for lateral sinus
Groove for sup. long, sinus

Occipital

Anterior condyloid foramen
Foramen magnum
Posterior condyloid foramen
Groove for lateral sinus
Groove for sup. long, sinus
Median part of upper surface of

basi-occipital
Highest curved line
Superior curved line
Inferior curved line

Sphenoid

Pterygoid ridge
Optic groove
Ethmoidal crest
Spinous process
Internal pterygoid plate

External pterygoid plate

Vidian canal
Pituitary fossa
Cavernous groove
Sphenoidal turbinal bones
Hamular process
Pterygo-palatine canal
Olivary eminence
Sphenoidal fissure

Temporal Bone

Aqueduct of Fallopius

Hiatus Fallopii

Vaginal process of tympanic bone

Digastric fossa

Impression for Gasserian ganglion

Eminence for sup. semicircular

canal

Fossa sigmoidea
Glaserian fissure
Glenoid cavity
Eustachian tube

Ethmoid
Lateral mass
Os planum
Unciform process



Xll



GLOSSARY



B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.

Os lacrimale

Hamulus lacrimalis
Crista lacrimalis posterior

Os nasale

Sulcus ethmoidalis

Maxilla

Facies anterior
Fades infra-temporalis
Sinus maxillaris
Processus frontalis
Processus zygomaticus
Canales alveolares
Canalis naso-lacrimalis
Os incisivum
Foramen incisivum

Os palatinum

Pars perpendicularis
Crista conchalis
Crista ethmoidalis
Pars horizontalis

Os zygomaticum
Processus temporalis
Processus fronto-sphenoidalis
Foramen zygomatico-orbitale
Foramen zygomatico-faciale

Mandibula
Spina mentalis
Linea obliqua
Linea mylohyoidea
Incisura mandibulae
Foramen mandibulare
Canalis mandibulse
Protuberantia mentalis



OLD TERMINOLOGY.

Lachrymal Bone
Hamular process
Lachrymal crest

Nasal Bone

Groove for nasal nerve

Superior Maxillary Bone

Facial or external surface
Zygomatic surface
Antrum of Highmore
Nasal process
Malar process
Posterior dental canals
Lacrimal groove
Premaxilla
Anterior palatine foramen

Palate Bone
Vertical plate
Inferior turbinate crest
Superior turbinate crest
Horizontal plate

Malar Bone

Zygomatic process
Frontal process
Tempora-malar canal
Malar foramen

Inferior Maxillary Bone
Genial tubercle or spine
External oblique line
Internal oblique line
Sigmoid notch
Inferior dental foramen
Inferior dental canal
Mental process



The Skull as a Whole.



Ossa suturarum

Foveolse granular es (Pacchioni)

Fossa pterygo-palatina

Canalis pterygo-palatinus

Foramen lacerum

Choanse

Fissura orbitalis superior

Fissura orbitalis inferior



Wormian bones
Pacchionian depressions
Spheno-maxillary fossa
Posterior palatine canal
Foramen lacerum medium
Posterior nares
Sphenoidal fissure
Spheno-maxillary fissure



GLOSSARY



Xlll



Upper Extremity.

B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY. OLD TERMINOLOGY.



Clavicula

Tuberositas coracoidea
Tuberositas costalis

Scapula

Incisura scapularis
Angulus lateralis
Angulus medialis

Humerus

Sulcus intertubercularis
Crista tuberculi majoris
Crista tuberculi minoris
Facies anterior medialis
Fades anterior lateralis
Margo medialis
Margo lateralis
Sulcus nervi radialis
Capitulum

Epicondylus medialis
Epicondylus lateralis

Ulna

Incisura semilunaris
Incisura radialis
Crista interossea
Facies dorsalis
Facies volaris
Facies medialis
Margo dorsalis
Margo volaris

Radius

Tuberositas radii
Incisura ulnaris
Crista interossea
Facies dorsalis
Facies volaris
Facies lateralis
Margo dorsalis
Margo volaris

Carpus

Os naviculare
Os lunatum
Os triquetrum
Os multangulum majus
Os multangulum minus
Os capitatum
Os hamatum



Clavicle

Impression for conoid ligament
Impression for rhomboid ligament

Scapula

Supra-scapular notch
Anterior or lateral angle
Superior angle

Humerus

Bicipital groove

External lip

Internal lip
Internal surface
External surface
Internal border
External border
Musculo-spiral groove
Capitellum
Internal condyle
External condyle

Ulna

Greater sigmoid cavity
Lesser sigmoid cavity
External or interosseous border
Posterior surface
Anterior surface
Internal surface
Posterior border
Anterior border

Radius

Bicipital tuberosity

Sigmoid cavity

Internal or interosseous border

Posterior surface

Anterior surface

External surface

Posterior border

Anterior border

Carpus
Scaphoid
Semilunar
Cuneiform
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Os magnum
Unciform



XIV



GLOSSARY



Lower

B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.
Os coxae

Linea glutsea anterior
Linea glutaea posterior
Linea terminalis
Spina ischiadica
Incisura ischiadica major
Incisura ischiadica minor
Tuberculum pubicum
Ramus inferior oss. pubis
Ramus superior oss. pubis
Ramus superior ossis ischii
Ramus inferior oss. ischii
Pecten ossis pubis
Facies symphyseos

Pelvis

Pelvis major

Pelvis minor

Apertura pelvis minoris superior

Apertura pelvis minoris inferior

Linea terminalis

Femur

Fossa trochanterica
Linea intertrochanterica
Crista intertrochanterica
Condylus medialis
Condylus lateralis
Epicondylus medialis
Epicondylus lateralis

Tibia

Condylus medialis
Condylus lateralis
Eminentia intercondyloidea
Tuberositas tibiae
Malleolus medialis

Fibula

Malleolus lateralis
Apex capituli fibulae



Extremity.

OLD TERMINOLOGY.
Innominate Bone
Middle curved line
Superior curved line
Margin of inlet of true pelvis
Spine of the ischium
Great sacro-sciatic notch
Lesser sacro-sciatic notch
Spine of pubis
Descending ramus of pubis
Ascending ramus of pubis
Body of ischium
Ramus of ischium
Pubic part of ilio-pectineal line
Symphysis pubis

Pelvis

False pelvis

True pelvis

Pelvic inlet

Pelvic outlet

Margin of inlet of true pelvis

Femur

Digital fossa

Spiral line

Post, intertrochanteric line

Inner condyle

Outer condyle

Inner tuberosity

Outer tuberosity

Tibia

Internal tuberosity
External tuberosity
Spine
Tubercle
Internal malleolus

Fibula

External malleolus
Styloid process



Bones of the Foot.



Talus

Calcaneus

Tuber calcanei

Processus medialis tuberis calcanei

Processus lateralis tuberis calcanei

Os cuneiforme primum

Os cuneiforme secundum

Os cuneiforme tertium



Astragalus
Os calcis

Tuberosity of

Inner

Outer

Inner cuneiform
Middle cuneiform.
Outer cuneiform.



GLOSSARY xv

THE LIGAMENTS.

Ligaments of the Spine.

B. N.A. TERMINOLOGY. OLD TERMINOLOGY.

Lig. longitudinale anterius Anterior common ligament

Lig. longitudinale posterius Posterior common ligament

Lig. flava Ligamenta subflava

Membrana tectoria Posterior occipito-axial ligament

Articulatio atlanto-epistrophica Joint between the atlas and the axis

Lig. alaria .Odontoid or check ligaments

Lig. apicis dentis Suspensory ligament



The Ribs.

Lig. capituli costse radiatum Anterior costo- vertebral or stellate

ligament

Lig. sterno-costale interarticulare Interarticular chondro-sternal liga-

ment

Lig. sterno-costalia radiata Anterior and posterior chondro-

sternal ligament

Lig. costoxiphoidea Chondro-xiphoid ligaments

The Jaw.

Lig. temporo-mandibulare External lateral ligament of the jaw

Lig. spheno-mandibulare Internal lateral ligament of the jaw

Lig. stylo-mandibulare Stylo-maxillary ligament



Upper Extremity.

Lig. costo-claviculare Rhomboid ligament

Labrum glenoidale Glenoid ligament

Articulatio radio-ulnaris proximalis Superior radio-ulnar joint

Lig. collaterale ulnare Internal lateral ligament of elbow

joint

Lig. collaterale radiale External lateral ligament

Lig. annulare radii Orbicular ligament

Chorda obliqua Oblique ligament of ulna

Articulatio radio-ulnaris distalis Inferior radio-ulnar joint

Discus articularis Triangular fibre-cartilage

Recessus sacciformis Membrana sacciformis

Lig. radio-carpeum volare Anterior ligament of the radio-

carpal joint

Lig. radio-carpeum dorsale Posterior ligament of the radio-

carpal joint
Lig. collaterale carpi ulnare Internal lateral ligament of the

wrist joint
VOL. Ill b



XVI



GLOSSARY



B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.
Lig. collaterale carpi radiale

Articulationes intercarpse
Lig. accessoria volaria

Lig. capitulorum (oss. metacar-

palium) transversa
Lig. collateralia



OLD TERMINOLOGY.

External lateral ligament of the

wrist joint
Carpal joints
Palmar ligaments of the metacarpo-

phalangeal joints
Transverse metacarpal ligament

Lateral phalangeal ligaments



The Lower Extremity.



Lig. arcuatum

Lig. sacro-tuberosum

Processus falciformis
Lig. sacro-spinosum
Labrum glenoidale
Zona orbicularis
Ligamentum iliofemorale
Lig. ischio-capsulare
Lig. pubo-capsulare
Lig. popliteum obliquum
Lig. collaterale fibulare
Lig. collaterale tibiale
Lig. popliteum arcuatum
Meniscus lateralis
Meniscus medialis
Plica synovialis patellaris
Plicae alares

Articulatio tibio-fibularis
Lig. capituli fibulae

Syndesmosis tibio-fibularis

Lig. deltoideum

Lig. talo-fibulare anterius

Lig. talo-fibulare posterius
Lig. calcaneo-fibulare
Lig. talo-calcaneum laterale
Lig. talo-calcaneum mediale

Lig. calcaneo-naviculare plantare

Lig. talo-naviculare

Pars calcaneo-navicularis^ lig.

J-bifur-
Pars calcaneo-cuboidea J catum



Subpubic ligament

Great sacro-sciatic ligament
Falciform process

Small sacro-sciatic ligament

Cotyloid ligament

Zonular band

Y-shaped ligament

Ischio-capsular band

Pubo-femoral ligament

Ligament of Winslow

Long external lateral ligament

Internal lateral ligament

Arcuate popliteal ligament

External semilunar cartilage

Internal semilunar cartilage

Lig. mucosum

Ligamenta alaria

Superior tibio-fibular articulation

Anterior and posterior superior
tibio-fibular ligaments

Inferior tibio-fibular articulation

Internal lateral ligament of ankle

Anterior fasciculus of external
lateral ligament

Posterior fasciculus of external
lateral ligament

Middle fasciculus of external lateral
ligament

External calcaneo-astragaloid liga-
ment

Internal calcaneo-astragaloid liga-
ment

Inferior calcaneo-navicular ligament

Astragalo-scaphoid ligament

Superior calcaneo- scaphoid liga-
ment

Internal calcaneo-cuboid ligament



GLOSSARY



XVII



THE MUSCLES.

Muscles of the Back.
Superficial.



B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.
Levator scapulae



OLD TERMINOLOGY.
Levator anguli scapulae



Muscles of the Chest.

Serratus anterior Serratus magnus

Muscles of Upper Extremity.



Biceps brachii

Lacertus fibrosus
Brachialis
Triceps brachii

Caput mediale

Caput laterale
Pronator teres

Caput ulnare
Brachio-radialis
Supinator

Extensor carpi radialis longus
Extensor carpi radialis brevis
Extensor indicis proprius
Extensor digiti quinti proprius
Abductor pollicis longus
Abductor pollicis brevis
Extensor pollicis brevis
Extensor pollicis longus
Lig. carpi transversum
Lig. carpi dorsale



Biceps

Bicipital fascia
Brachialis anticus
Triceps

Inner head

Outer head
Pronator radii teres

Coronoid head
Supinator longus
Supinator brevis
Extensor carpi radialis longior
Extensor carpi radialis brevior
Extensor indicis
Extensor minimi digiti
Extensor ossis metacarpi pollicis
Abductor pollicis
Extensor primi internodii pollicis
Extensor secundi internodii pollicis
Anterior annular ligament
Posterior annular ligament



Muscles of Lower Extremity.



Tensor fasciae latae

Canalis adductorius (Hunteri)

Trigonum femorale (fossa Scarpce

major)

Canalis femoralis
Annulus femoralis
M. quadriceps femoris

Rectus femoris

Vastus lateralis

Vastus intermedius

Vastus medialis

M. articularis genu
Tibialis anterior



Tensor fasciae femoris
Hunter's canal
Scarpa's triangle

Crural canal
Crural ring
Quadriceps

Rectus femoris

Vastus externus

Crureus

Vastus internus

Subcrureus
Tibialis anticus



xviii GLOSSARY

B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY. OLD TERMINOLOGY.

Tendo calcaneus Tendo Achillis

Tibialis posterior Tibialis posticus

Quadratus plant* Accessorius

Lig. transversum cruris Upper anterior annular ligament

Lig. cruciatum cruris Lower anterior annular ligament

Lig. laciniatum Internal annular ligament

Retinaculum musculorum pero- "\

nseorum superius

T> .. . V External annular ligament

Retinaculum musculorum pero- I

nseorum inferius



Axial Muscles.
Muscles of the Back.

Serratus posterior superior Serratus posticus superior

Serratus posterior inferior Serratus posticus inferior

Splenius cervicis Splenius colli

Sacro-spinalis Erector spinse

Ilio-costalis Ilio-costalis

Lumborum Sacro-lumbalis

Dorsi Accessorius

Cervicis Cervicalis ascendens

Longissimus Longissimus

Dorsi Dorsi

Cervicis Transversalis cervicis

Capitis Trachelo-mastoid

Spinalis Spinalis

Dorsi Dorsi

Cervicis Colli

Capitis Capitis

Semispinalis Semispinalis

Dorsi Dorsi

Cervicis Colli

Capitis Complexus

Multifidus Multifidus spinse



Muscles of Head and Neck.

Epicranius Occipito-frontalis

Galea aponeurotica Epicranial aponeurosis

Procerus Pyramidalis nasi

Pars transversa (nasalis) Compressor naris

Pars alaris (nasalis) Dilatores naris

Auricularis anterior Attrahens aurem

Auricularis posterior Retrahens aurem

Auricularis superior Attollens aurem

Orbicularis oculi Orbicularis palpebrarum
Pars lacrimalis Tensor tarsi



GLOSSARY



xix



B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.
Triangularis
Quadratus labii superioris

Caput zygomaticum

Caput infraorbitale

Caput angulare
Zygomaticus
Caninus

Quadratus labii inferioris
Mentalis
Platysma
Sterno-thyreoid
Thyreo-hyoid



OLD TERMINOLOGY.
Depressor anguli oris

Zygomaticus minor

Levator labii superioris

Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi

Zygomaticus major

Levator anguli oris

Depressor labii inferioris

Levator menti

Platysma myoides

Sterno-thyroid

Thyro-hyoid



Muscles and Fascia of the Orbit.

Fascia bulbi Capsule of Tenon

Septum orbitale Palpebral ligaments

Rectus lateralis Rectus externus

Rectus medialis Rectus internus

Muscles of the Tongue.

Genio-glossus Genio-hyo-glossus

Longitudinalis superior Superior lingualis

Longitudinalis inferior Inferior lingualis

Transversus linguae Transverse fibres

Verticalis linguae Vertical fibres



Pharyngo-palatinus
M. uvulae

Levator veli palatini
Tensor veli palatini
Glosso-palatinus



Muscles of the Pharynx.

Palato-pharyngeus
Azygos uvulae
Levator palati
Tensor palati
Palato-glossus



Deep Lateral Muscles of Neck.

Scalenus anterior Scalenus anticus

Scalenus posterior Scalenus posticus

Longus capitis Rectus capitis anticus major

Rectus capitis anterior Rectus capitis anticus minor



Transversus thoracis
Diaphragma

Crus mediale "j
Crus intermedium >-
Crus laterale J
Arcus lumbo - costalis

(Halleri)

Arcus lumbo - costalis
(Halleri)



Muscles of Thorax.

Triangularis sterni
Diaphragm

Crura and origins from arcuate
ligaments

medialis Ligamentum arcuatum internum



lateralis



Ligamentum arcuatum externum



XX



GLOSSARY



Muscles of the Abdomen.



B.N.A. TERMINOLOGY.

Ligamentum inguinale (Pouparti)
Ligamentum lacunare (Gimbernati)
Fibrse intercrurales
Ligamentum inguinale reflexum

(Collesi)
Annulus inguinalis subcutaneus

Crus superius

Crus inferius

Falx aponeurotica inguinalis
M. transversus abdominis
Linea semicircularis (Douglasi)
Annulus inguinalis abdominalis



OLD TERMINOLOGY.
Poupart's ligament
Gimbernat's ligament
Intercolumnar fibres
Triangular fascia

External abdominal ring

Internal pillar

External pillar
Conjoined tendon
Transversalis muscle
Fold of Douglas
Internal abdominal ring



Perineum and Pelvis.



Transversus perinei superficialis
M. sphincter urethrae membranacese
Diaphragma urogenitale

Fascia diaphragmatis urogenitalis

superior
Fascia diaphragmatis urogenitalis

inferior

Arcus tendineus fasciae pelvis
Ligamenta puboprostatica

Fascia diaphragmatis pelvis superior
Fascia diaphragmatis pelvis inferior



Transversus perinei
Compressor urethrse
Deep transverse muscle and sphinc-
ter urethrse
Deep layer of triangular ligament

Superficial layer of the triangular

ligament

White line of pelvis
Anterior and lateral true ligaments

of bladder

Visceral layer of pelvic fascia
Anal fascia



Online LibraryD. J. (Daniel John) CunninghamCunningham's manual of practical anatomy (Volume 3) → online text (page 1 of 54)