Daniel C Robinson.

The Cobbosseecontee pilot; containing sailing directions,. description of rocks online

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Lake Cobbosseecontee, Kennebec County, Maine.

Published in connection with a Chart of said I,ake. *



JANUARY 1, 1900.


J. F. PIERCE, Augusta, and

C. ly. SPAUIyDING, Hallowell, Maiju

Office of tkt

APR 1 8 1900

Reglittr of Ctpyrlgktft










T should be Ijorne in mind that the "Chart/" accom-
panying the Pilot, is only a sketch, and, although pre-
pared with great care, is not drawn with mechanical ac-
curacy. It is believed, however, to be sufficiently cor-
rect to enable the user to navigate the waters of the Lake
with safety.

For purposes of identification and description, it
has been found necessary to give names to the various
islands, rocks, points, bays, shoals and other land-marks.
As far as possible old names, when generally recognized,
have been used; Init in many cases new ones have been

The writer is indebted for much of the information
herein contained to old residents about the Lake and to
persons thoroughly familiar with its navigation.

On many of the sailing courses it has been found
impossible to give "points ahead," or "ranges ahead," to
sail by, on account of the unreliable or perislia])le char-
acter of the land-marks; and, oftener still, owing to
the entire absence of any objects whatever, that could
bo unmistakably identified, standing in line ahead on
the course; and as so few of the Lake boats are equipped
with the mariner's compass, it would l)e useless to give



magnetic courses. In most cases, therefore, a "fore and
aft'^ course only has been given.

It is hoped that before long some of the more dan-
gerous rocks may be blasted and removed, and others
permanently buoyed.

The Chart and Pilot are designed for persons using
launches and sail boats, of twenty inches draft or there-
abouts. All soundings are made as of October 15th,
1899; the Lake being then at low-water mark, with wa-
ter at pitch of one foot and eight inches, as indicated
on the iron gauge, now attached to the bridge at the
^^Outlet;'^ also on the corresponding gauge on the foot-
bridge at Hammond's Grove, in Manchester.

By "mid-summer pitch" is meant the mean depth
of water — usually about four feet — as indicated on said

For rules and regulations concerning the taking of
fish and game in and about the waters of Cobbossee-
contee and its tributaries, reference is here made to the
admirable work of the Hon. Leroy T. Carleton, of Win-
throp, Chairman of the Board of Commissioners of In-
land Fisheries and Came, entitled "Carleton's Digest of
the Maine Fisli and Game Laws, 1899."



Rocks, Shoals, Soundings, Etc.

STEAMBOAT EOCK:— The rock in the middle of
Outlet Bay is called Steamboat Rock. It now stands
twenty inches above water and has a large buoy, also a
one inch hole, one foot deep, drilled in the top. There
are several rocks within two rods of Steamboat Rock,
but all are one foot below the surface.

WALLS' ROCK:— Northeast from Steamboat
Rock, on line with it and Spaulding's old boat house on
Tenney's Point, now six inches under. A line from
Pinkham's Wharf to Willis' Cottage leaves it and all
rocks belonging to it to the South and West.

BURNS' ROCK:— A rock on line of Steamboat
Rock and John Merrill's cottage, about one quarter of
the distance from Steamboat Rock, six inches under.
All clear water around it.

TENNEY'S SHOAL:— Off the South side of Ten-

ney's Cottage there is a shoal
about ten rods long and four
rods wide, now six inches out,
on line with the rocky island
just north of Spaulding s cot-


tage, i\u(\ Willis" I'oiiit. There is good water (a three
rod channel) l)etween tlie shoal and the shore opposite
Tenney Cottage; also hetween the shoal and said rocky-

WILLIS' KOClv:— Oft' Willis' Point, ahont six rods
from shore, now six inches ont.

PUTNAM'S POCK:— A high rock, ahout six rods
from shore of Camp Comfort Point and ten rods south
of said Point; also, two rods further south, there is an-
other rock now just at the surface.

FIPST POCK:— Xow 30 inches out, on line Camp
Comfort and Ogden's old wharf on Molazigan Island;
also on line Willis' Camp and Augusta Camp. Shoal all
around this rock for ahout two rods.

Sl^XHJND ROCK:— Now one foot out. Line Willis'
Cajnp and tall dead tree on Crow Island; also line Camp
Comfort and Ogden's old wharf. It has a one inch hole.

THIPD P0( Iv:— Lowest rock in the group of
three, opposite the Outlet, now two feet out; line Lake
House and Ogden cottage on Hodgdon's Island. Shoal
of small rocks barely out of water, extends in a south-
erly direction ten rods from this rock.

Line from Brainerd's Grove, in Manchester,through
First Rock (northerly one of the three large rocks at
the entrance to the Outlet) strikes southerly rock (Third
Rock) and also strikes Molazigan Landing, where the
house-boat is now kept.

Uft to midsummer pitch of water there is little dan-
ger in entering or leaving Outlet Bay at any point; but
to pass safely at low-water pitch, run on line from Crow
Island to the bridge (as Steamboat Rock is on line from
Crow Island to Pinkham's Wharf); or, another course;
when directly opposite the mouth, run midway between
Cam]) Comfort Point and IMolazigan Point direct to


I'iiikliaiirs wharl', thus ruimijig bulwe-t'ii Second jiiid
Third Koeks, and leaving Steamboat Rock and its com-
])anion8, well to the south and west: oi\
another course; run on line uppei- end
Hodgdon's Island (Tomahawk Point),
to Pinkham's wharf; or, southern pas-
sage; run on line from Molazigan (Hai-
ley's) Point to said wharf, leaving
Steand)()at Rock to nortliwai'd.

Soundings hetween ui)])er and low-
er groups of rocks (meaning the s[)ace
l;etween Second and Third rocks) twen-
ty feet all the way; channel hetween
Second and Third rocks, twenty rodr,

Go Slow Here!

DEVli;S WIXDROW;— The reef running from
Crow Island to the south end of ('ul)a, now five feet
out. There are three good channels through Devil's

\Yest Channel — next Crow Island (fore and aft
course); line lower end of Upper Sister and Pinkham's
boat house. (Range ahead course) running south, bring
Molazigan house-hoat landing (meaning the ]X)int on.
the shore near the head of Taylor's Sound where the
house-hoat is hauled out for winter) and the hunch of
evergreen trees that stands hehind the Molazigan club
house in line; running north, run so that a Inmch of
evergreen trees on the hill on west shore will come di-
rectly over the north end of tlie r])per Sister.

This channel is four rods wide, at low-water mark,
and eight feet deep; plenty of water, no rocks visible.

Middle Channel (fore and aft course). Line from
large house on hill north of Oil Cloth Factory chim-
ney and Camp Comfort; water two feet deep, three
rods wide; perfectly safe. (Range ahead course) Run-


iiing south, bring extreme end of Willis' Point and Pink-
lifinvs west drive-way in line. Punning north, bring
the north end of a row of evergreen trees that stands
on west shore on Pobl)in\s Point and the first red build-
ing north of Oil Cloth Factory in line. East Channel —
next Cuba, (fore and aft course). Line from white house
showing above middle of Upper Sister and Camp Com-
fort. (Range ahead course.) Running south, bring
flagpole on Willis' Point and Burns' boat-house in line;
running north, bring R. E. Goodwin cottage in line with
Parlin's white house, (meaning the first white house, on
west shore, west of East Winthrop cliurch).

OGDEN'S STRAIT:— Between Crow Island and
Ilodgsdon's Island there is good water all the way at
any pitch; soundings show twent}^ feet.

WINGS SOUI^D:— Plenty of ^^'ater all the way be-
tween Cuba and the main land.

A long shoal makes out from the lower end of Cuba
about twenty rods; barely out at this pitch.

DEWEY ROCK:— Very bad rock, about half way
on line Augusta Camp and cove on west side of the
upper end of Cuba, now one inch under; broad, flat,
black rock, having staple and chain; also a hole one
foot deep, one and one-quarter inches in diameter. Line
from Richardson's Camp on the West shore of the lake,
called ''Martins," past the extreme upper end of Hodg-
don's Island, (Tomahawk Point,) passes through Dewey
Rock. This rock is also on line Robinson's cottage and
Augusta cam]); also on line Wing's house — under large
willow tree on east shore — and Umbrella Tree.

EEL ROCK: — About seventy-five feet from Dewey
Rock, on line Dewey Rock and Augusta camp, there is a
large rock, now ten inches under.

SOUNDINGS:— On line Wing's cottage and Bailey-


ville windmill nearly across to a point opposite the nortli
end of Cuba^ show fifty and sixty feet.

rods off the northerly end of Ladies Delight Island
there is a small group of high rocks, now six feet out,
extending in the direction of Long Point.

Outside of this group, in line with it and Long
Point, there is shoal water for fifteen rods; the small
rocks there being now just at the surface. Erom this
shoal place to Packards' Ledge there is deep water all
the way. Soundings show from ten to twenty-five feet.

west of Ladies Delight high rocks, there is a channel,
fully eight rods wide and five feet deep, having mud
bottom, on line Reid's new cottage and "West Point."
There are three or four low, flat rocks on the west side
of this channel, now at the surface; also the long, nar-
row shoal, hereafter to be called Ladies Delight "Shoal."

A line from Ladies Delight Island to the large
new barn on the hill northeast of East Winthrop
Church (al)out in range of the Nortli Umbrella Tree),
leaves Ladies Delight Shoal, Governors Ledges, and the
Gull Rocks to the south and southwest.

From Ladies Deliglit Island to Welch cottage, or
north end of Welch Bay, and as far over as said North
Umbrella Tree, there are no rocks; all clear water and
now more than two feet deep in shoalest part.

To run across the lake from say southeast to north-
west, below Ladies Delight Island, run to either of the
large red barns on west shore. All broad water here.
This leases all rocks and shoals that belong to the Up-
per Sister to the south, and all rocks and shoals be-
longing to the Gull Rock neighborhood to the north-


Special Direction. — In running- this last named
course at dead low-water bring line from the barn next
south of Willis Wing's house through the high rock on
south end of Ladies Delight Island, (showing only at
low ^^■ater^) to Parlin's white house on the west shore.
This leaves all Gull Rocks to the north.

Course from either of said red barns to Willis
Wing's house is perfectly safe at any time.

GOYERXORS HIGHWAY:— Safe, broad course,
from head of AVelcli Bay down midway between Gov-
ernors Ledges and Ladies Delight Shoal; these two shoals
standing about five hundred feet apart, according to ice
measurement. Bring trees on easternmost point of Up-
per Sister and two tall pines on north end of Belle Isle
in line, and run till past lower end of Ladies Delight.
(These pines, as seen from a point midway between
Governors Ledges and Ladies Delight Shoal, appear to
be on north end of Belle Isle, but may possibly stand
either lower down on this Island, or on Black Island,
which is about in line, but they are unmistakaljle.)

Line from Reid's cottage and north point of Up-
per Sister leaves Ladies Delight Shoal well to the east
and south. Line Reid's cottage to north point of Up-
per Sister, leaves Governors Ledges well to the west and
north; thus running midway between the two.

LxVDIES DELIGHT SHOAL:— A low, flat shoal
of small I'ocks, long and narrow, three rods wide, run-
ning parallel with Governors Ledges, but al)out five
hundred feet farther to the eastward. A line from Reid's
new cottage through the east point of the Upper Sister
passes through this shoal lengthwise.

Between Governors Ledges and Ladies Delight
Shoal there are no rocks visible above the surface at
dead low water, and none betx^een Ladies Delight Rocks


and Ladies Deli,iiiit Shoal, and iioiic hclwe'en Governors
Ledges and Paekards Ledge.

Line Long Point to east end Upper Sister leaves
Governors Ledges well to the westward.

WELCH ROCK:— Off the southerly end of Long
Point on Hersey Island; meaning the rock npon which
Mr. Welch maintained a large, white, can-buoy (hiring
the summer of 1899. On line Pierce cottage and bushes
on extreme sontherly end of Long Point; also a line
from west end of l)arn, (having several buildings north
of it), in a northerly direction from Welch's Point,
throngh the Welch Sjn-ing House, passes over Welch
Pock. There is a good chain and staple on this rock;
also there is now a three-quarter inch hole, al)out six
inches deep, just one foot south of the chain l)olt. The
rock extends about ten feet south from this liole. To
pass safely, running east or west, leave rock (or buoy,
or spindle, if it has one), two rods to the northward, as
tliis puts you in mid-channel l)et\veen Welch Rock and
Packard's Ledge. It is hoped that a buoy or spindle
will hereafter be maintained upon this rock. A spindle
standing in said hole on Welch Rock would be in line
from Soule boat house to Whales])ack.

PACKARD'S LEDGE:— A long, low ledge, begin-
ning about two rods south of Welch Rock and extend-
ing in a southwesterly direction about sixty feet; now
just at the surface. The water between Packard's Ledge
and Welch Rock is one foot deep. The lower end of
this Ledge is on line flag pole on Goodwin cottage and
cupola on Parlin barn. Soundings show at least twen-
ty-five feet all the way from the lower end of this ledge
to within 15 rods of Ladies Delight high rocks.

MUSKRAT ROCTv:— In a northerly direction from
Welch Rock, fonr rods distant, on line from Welch Rock


to Welch boat house, now two feet out, having chain one
foot long. Small rocks about four inches out, between
Welch Kock and Long Point.

MINK EOCK:— Xow one foot out, four rods north-
east from Welch Eock, having chain. On line Welch
Eock and "Welch Cottage.

HEESEY EOCK:— Off Long Point, due south
from said point, now one foot out and having chain.
On line Welch Eock and Kinsman cottage; also line
north end of Cuba and big barn on liill east of line past
Welch cottage.

HEESEY SHOAL:— A shoal of small rocks ex-
tending about two rods south of Hersey Eock. In run-
ning from west to east, after passing Welch Eock, (if
running for Hammond's Grove), do not turn north
too abruptly, but make a sweep before heading for the
Grove. To be safe, run east until Umbrella Tree is in
line with Eeid's cottage.

LOXG POINT:— Off south end of Hersey Island.
There are no high rocks off Long Point for ten rods
cut. Safe to run across east or west, during midsum-
mer pitch of water. All rocks are low, now four inches

EOBINSONS GAP: — A very narrow passage be-
tween Hersey Island and Long Point; barely wiHe
enough for the passage of a boat. There is now a three-
quarter inch hole, six inches deep, in the rock, on south
side of this passage, in which was placed a spindle, on
January 1st, 1900. In passing, run as close as possible
to the spindle, leaving it on the south. This channel
has a gravel bottom, now about two feet out.

WELCH BAY:— No rocks whatever visible in
Welch Bay. No rocks off AYelch Point, although tlie


water here is slioal, there being but al)out eight iiiclies
at points three rods from shore.

SOUNDINGS:— From Welch Eock to Goodwin
cottage, from twenty to twenty-five feet all the way,
after leaving Welch Rock about two rods. No rocks in
sight; broad channel all the way to Goodwin cottage.

large shoal a little south of line from Welch Rock to
Goodwin cottage, and is now exposed in many places; in
others, eight or ten inches under. There are no high
rocks. A line from William's Camp on Black Point, on
east shore, to Goodwin cottage, passes through the mid-
dle of this shoal. It is circular in shape and about ten
rods across, and stands about one-third of the way from
Goodwin cottage to Welch Point.

BIG GULL ROCK:— On line from East Winthrop
Church and upper end of Cuba; also on line chimney
in Baileyville factory and house of the Rev. Warren
Hawkes, (the house on east shore having a red ell and
red barn); also on line from Welch cottage to Toma-
hawk Point; also line from trees on Ladies Delight and
top of barn almost concealed by trees on road south
of red barn below Parlins. Five feet out. This rock
has a one inch hole, eight inches deep, and is part of a
long, narrow ledge extending northeasterly about five
rods. West of the ledge the water suddenly becomes
deep and has mud bottom.

WHALESBACK:— A large rock about twenty rods
north of Big Gull Rock, now about two feet out, on
line upper end of Lower Sister and Welch cottage; also
on line Hawkes' red barn and the large white house
on hill next north of Baileyville church to^\•er. This rock
is about ten rods south of a line from Welch Rock (or
Halcyon cottage, which is in same line), to the Lone

^a* i!



Tree on summit of the long high riclge south of Bailey-
ville church; also line West Point and Hersey's yellow
boat house. This rock is exactly on a line of a tall white
house, on the east shore of the lake (meaning the
Hawkes house aforesaid), having two large barns, and
the tall white house on the west shore showing three
chimneys (Mr. Foster's), it being the first above Bailey-
ville in sight.

After leaving Whalesback, running northeasterl}^
a perfectly safe course is to steer for Kinsman's cottage,
which, at this date, is the southernmost on the east shore
of the lake, in the group of cottages below Hamuiond's
Grove; or, steer for Eobinsons cottage; or, for the little
boat house close to the water s edge, about one hundred
rods below Kinsman's cottage; or, for any intermediate
point, as all of these courses leave Welch Rock and Pack-
ard's Ledge to the northward.

A course from Whalesback may be run with perfect
safety as far south as the barn having an uu painted
gable towards the lake, next south of Warren Hawkes'
barn, for there are absolutely no rocks or shoals on any
of these courses. All the Gull Rocks, shoals and ledges
belonging to that group are south of these lines.
(iN"ote. — There are two families by the name of Hawkes
on the east side of the lake, living side l)y side, each
having a red barn showing from the lake, the southerly
oue being that of Warren Hawkes.)

Running southwest, to leave the Gull Rocks and the
Whalesback to the south, run on line Welch Rock to
said Lone Tree, till on line Welch cottage and West
Point; then all clear water up or down tlic lake.

There are four or five holes in Whalesback, filled
with pieces of broken iron bars, showing that iron bars
have been put there and probably broken off by the
ice; there is now a new three-quarter inch hole six

k; the cobbosseecontee pilot.

inches deep. This rock should have a buoy or spindle,
for it is the northern and westernmost rock in the group
of rocks and shoals belonging to the Gull Eock Neigh-

XOEMAXS WOE:— The large northernmost rock
off the north end of the Upper Sister. There is a long
reef extending most of the wav from the Upper Sister
to Xormans Woe. Xo rocks visi])le north of ISTormans
Woe; all clear water between it and Big Gull Eock.
Nothing in sight above water, east, west or north of
Normans Woe. There is a little showing of shoal water
below the surface all around the rock witliin a circle
of two rods. There is a Ijroad channel on line East Win-
throp church and John MerrilFs cottage, in Outlet Bay;
broad open channe], forty rods wide. Eunning south-
erly, after passing Normans Woe, swing directly to low-
est point of Upper Sister, if desired, or to any point be-
tween tliat and the lower end of Ladies Delight Island.

There is a small shoal lying northeast from Nor-
mans Woe, but now fourteen inches under. (The writer
passed over this shoal without toucliing, on the 12th of
October, 1899, in the launch ^Thyllis").

GOYEENOES LEDGES:— A long, straight, narrow
sunken reef, three rods wide, well over towards Big Gull
Eock, running northeast and southwest, now two feet
out, between the shoal west of Ladies Delight and Big-
Gull Eock. A line from Tomahawk Eoint to head of
W^elch Bay passes through the middle of this ledge

LITTLE NAEEOWS:— The space between the
east heel of Horseshoe Island and the extreme souther-
ly point on Tfodgdons Island, (Glazier's Point). The
a})proach tVom tlie soutli to Little Narrows has good
o})en water; no rocks visible.


EAST CHANNEL:— The best cliaiind lirre is l,e-
tween the east side of Gould's Rock and the lowest point
of Hodg-dons Island, and is a little nearer said ])oiiit
than mid-stream.

GOULDS EOGK:— In the middle of the entrance
to Little Narrows, at the southern extremity, there is a
large high rock, now four feet out, iiaving attached to it
an old Wilder 1)U03'.

EGG EOCK: — There is another rock, now three
feet out, a little west of a line from Goulds Rock and
Brigg\s cottage on Belle Isle; also having a Wilder buoy.
This rock stands about fifteen rods north of Goulds
Rock. In passing this, the channel is also a little east of

LITTLE NARROWS:— West Channel:— Tliere is
also good water on the west side of Goulds Rock. It is
safest to enter and leaA^e Little Narrows near the mid-
dle, that is, midway between shores, as there is a high
reef making out on the west side, at the mouth. It
does not, however, extend as far as the middle. There
is a broad, six-rod-wide channel west of Goulds Rock.
There are two or three large flat-top rocks in the mid-
dle of this west channel, but they are now fourteen
inches under. Soundings between Goulds Rock aiul tlie
Horseshoe, show, in mid-channel, seven, eight, live and
four feet.

There is also a six-rod-wide channel west of the
rock Iving north of Goulds Rock, (Egg Rock), before



reaching the ledge which stands off east from the east
heel of the Horseshoe.

Also a good channel, two rods wide, running close
to the hig ledge off the extreme northeast end of the
east heel of the Horseshoe. Keep one rod from the
*shore and thus run inside the ledge. Ledge is now two
feet out.

PICNIC EOCIv: — Large white ledge opposite
Brigg's cottage, and l)etween Horseshoe and Black Is-

BLACK ISLAND: — Run on line from the ledge at the
southwest end of Belle Isle, to bushes, or white stump
on extreme southwest point of east heel of the Horse-
shoe. This takes you through the deepest part of chan-
nel on southwest end of Picnic Rock and avoids all
rocks. There are no rocks on the west side of Picnic
Rock. A boat may l)e run close up to the ledge at any
except dead lo^\' water pitcli; same on north end of

Excepting the two rocks (Wilder's and Brigg's lit-
tle Rock), in the direction of Brigg's cottage, there are
no rocks off the north end of Picnic. All about the
northeast corner of Picnic the water is now eight feet
deep. Splendid diving point northeast from this north-
easterly point of Picnic Rock.

There is a spur of ledge extending from a point
fifteen feet west of the northeast corner of Picnic, in
a northeasterly direction, for about twenty-five feet, but
this ledge is now fully ten inches under water. It is
a narrow, smooth, flat spur, about four feet wide, liav-
ing deep water on either side.

There is now about two inches of water in a some-

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Online LibraryDaniel C RobinsonThe Cobbosseecontee pilot; containing sailing directions,. description of rocks → online text (page 1 of 4)