in the robbery of every inhabitant of this country in the present and future ages of everything dear and
interesting to them. Are there no laws in the book of God and Nature that enjoin such miscreants to
be cut off from among the people, as troublers of the whole congregation ? Yea, verily, there are laws
and officers to put them into execution, which you can neither corrupt, intimidate, nor escape, and whose
resolution to bring you to condign punishment you can only avoid by a speedy imitation of your brethren
This people are still averse to precipitate your fate, but in case of much longer delay
in complying with their indispensable demands, you will not fail to meet the just rewards of your avarice
and insolence. Remember, Gentlemen, this is the last warning you are ever to expect from the insulted,
abused and most indignant vindicators of violated liberty in the town of Boston.
O. C. Secy, per order.
Thursday Evening, 9 o clock,
November 4, 1773.
To Messrs, the Tea Commissioners.
Directed to B F , Esq.
JOHN GUMMING (page 257).
There are several entries relating to John Gumming in Minutes of the Commissioners for Detecting
and Defeating Conspiracies in the State of New York, Albany County Sessions, ijjS-Sl, ed. by H. Paltsits,
New York, 1909.
August 4, 1778. John Gumming was also cited to appear before the Board ; and appearing he was
tendered the oath which he refused to take. Ordered that the said J. Gumming appear at the City
Hall of the city of Albany on Friday the I4th day of August, it being the time appointed for their being
removed within the enemies lines with fourteen days provision for themselves and such of their family
as they chuse should accompany them (Persons able to bear arms excepted). They are also permitted
to take with them all their clothing and household furniture (vol. i, pp. 192-3).
August 8. Ordered that a certificate be sent down to John Morris Scott Esq., Sec. of State of New York,
certifying that . . . John Gumming . . . were in pursuance of the Act of the Legislature duly passed
respecting neutral and equivocal characters cited to appear before us ; and, on their appearance, we
( 280 )
having tendered them the oath in the above mentioned Act set forth and prescribed, they refused to
take the same (ibid., p. 198).
December 7. John Gumming, who refused to take the oath . . . and was in consequence thereof
to be removed within the enemies lines but was detained by his Excellency the Governor for exchange,
made application to the Board to be permitted to go and reside at Kats Kill with his family ; and, there
being no prospect of an exchange taking place as yet, . . . therefore ordered that the said John Gumming
enter into a parole to remain within the limits and bounds of the district of Grote Imboght and abide
by such restrictions as are in the said parole specified (ibid., p. 295).
November 13, 1779. Ordered that a letter be wrote to John Gumming informing him that it is the
determination of the Governor not to exchange him until the enemy shall consent to exchange Henry
van Schaack (ibid., p. 280).
February 8, 1783. List of the names of persons who have refused to take the oath . . . and who
have, in consequence, been removed within the enemy s lines or detained by his Excellency the Governor
for exchange . . . John Gumming (ibid., vol. iii, pp. 834-5).
GEORGE ROME (page 262).
A letter of his to Dr. Moffat, in which he indulged in some remarks upon the political heresies of
the time, and especially upon the manner of administering justice in the Colonies, found its way to
England, and was thence transmitted by Franklin to Massachusetts with several letters of Hutchinson,
Oliver, and others. The House of Representatives of Massachusetts censured Rome, by resolutions ; the
Assembly of Rhode Island, however, required him to acknowledge himself the writer . . . and, upon
his refusal, committed him to prison, but finally permitted him to go at large (Sabine, op. cit., vol. ii).
In Hist. MSS. Comm., Am. MSS. in R. Inst. y vol. i, p. 447, is a letter : 1779, 6th month, 16, Newport,
Respected Friend, George Rome,
We have endeavoured to get rent for thy wharf and stores, which has been employed by the Com
missary ever since the arrival of the army, but without effect.
Rome wrote from John Street, Adelphi, to the Treasury on October I, 1779, requesting that the
Commissary-General might be instructed to co-operate with his own agent at Rhode Island in the choice
of proper persons to adjust the amounts of rents, wharfage, &c., to be paid. When their lordships are
informed that it is a custom to pay rents of stores and wharves so employed at New York he is sure that
he may expect speedy relief ; for it would be unjust if the Deputy Commissary at Rhode Island should
enjoy emoluments of the remains of his (Rome s) estate saved from the rebellion, when these emoluments
are insufficient to support himself (ibid., vol. ii, pp. 44-5).
Rome was in October 1780, along with Governor Franklin, J. Martin, Ruggles, Coxe, Ludlow,
Lutwyche, and Leonard, appointed a member of the Board of Associated Loyalists (ibid., vol. ii, p. 198).
DANIEL COXE (page 274).
D. Coxe became a member of the Council in 1771. He was the fifth member of his family who
took a prominent part in New Jersey. Dr. Fisher, New Jersey as a Royal Province, Ijj8-j6, p. 71,
describes him as an ardent and active Tory ; but he quotes Governor Franklin as writing on
January 5, 1776, that three of the leading members of the Council are strongly inclined to favour the
measures of the Congress, and the most who were present have a leaning the same way, except two or
three at most ; and even these think it necessary to their safety to observe a kind of trimming conduct .
As corroboration to this view of Coxe s character we may note a letter written by him to Skinner
in which he expresses the hope that Gage will be cautious in assuming the offensive, for fear of retalia
tions in the south. They are not even allowed to preserve a neutrality, and passiveness becomes a crime
(New Jersey Archives, 1st series, vol. x, p. 645).
Sabine (op. cit., vol. i, p. 339) quotes from a letter of Christopher Sower to the effect that Coxe was
made chairman of the Board of Refugees to deprive him of the opportunity of speaking, as he had the gift
of saying very little with many words.
It was claimed that Sir R. Heath conveyed his rights under the grant of 1630 to the Earl of Arundel,
and that these rights became eventually vested in Dr. Coxe. A memorial to this effect was addressed
to William III ; and the goodness of his case is asserted by his son, Daniel Coxe, in his book Carolana.
The Heath Grant, however, was formally annulled August 12, 1663 (Winsor, Narrative and Critical
Hist, of Am., vol. v, p. 335). Nevertheless, like the importunate widow, Coxe, by his assiduity, succeeded
in impressing the authorities.
Carolana was published in 1722.
Memorial of Eliz th Smith Widow Determin d the
Eliz* Smith-the Claimant-sworn. 3 d of Dec 1784. ? of De c 1784.
Is a Native of Eng d & her Husband likewise. He went out in 1772 & in 1773. Her Husband
He was appointed Naval Officer at Beaufort. 1 Commission produced signed by Gov r a Loyalist but died
Ball 2 in 1773. He held this till he was displaced by the Rebel Gov r in 1776. He in consequence of
always took a loyal part. He died a few days after he was Displaced in 1776. She ^-5
left America in 1777 & came to Eng d in 1778. She applied to the Treasury & they
allowed her jioo a Y r & in nine Months they order d her to go out again but she Former Bounty
could not go. She likewise rec d .100 from Lord North & 20 from Lord Shelburne 100 a Y r .
& since her Case was heard by M r Wilmot & M r Coke She has rec d from Oct r 1783 Present Bounty
an Allowance of 60 a Y r & now continues to receive it. a ^ r<
Doct r Eraser sworn.
Knew M r Mich 1 Smith. He was then Sheriff of Beaufort. He was loyal. He
died by running a Splinter into his hand which produced a locked Jaw. He attended
him. Believes that M rs Smith quitted that Country to get to her own friends.
Was at Beaufort at that time. Recollects her going & promoted a subscription to
carry her away. Her Husband left her in very distress d Circumstances & he died
in Debt. Says the troubles would not have prevented her selling her property.
Says he should not have promoted a subscription if he had thought she had anything
to sell. Being shewn the schedule he says she might be possess d of the Articles
but knows they were incumber d. Says the property after she went was sold by the
Sheriff he bought a Negro of the Sheriff himself. Thinks after the Man s death
at Beaufort they were not worth so much as the Widow has rec d from Gov* (250)
since that time.
Memorial of Frances Dongan 3 Widow Determin d y
Frances Dongan-the Claimant-sworn. 6 * of Decr J 7 8 4- 8 "- f D "
Is a Native of America. Was Born at Brunswick. 4 Her Husband resided at Her Husband
Rahaway. She was married in 1773. When the rebellion began he followed the a Loyalist & kill d
profession of an Attorney which he had followed five or six Y rs . The Rebels knew
he was a Loyalist & therefore treated him very ill. They took him out of his Bed.
Believes he refused to take the Oaths or sign any Association paper &c. He join d
the King s Army when Sir W m Howe came into the Jerseys. Col 1 Dongan s Com
mission not produced. He was then made Lieut* of the 3 d Batt n of New Jersey
Volunteers. He died in 1777 & was killed in Action 5 the Claimant s father will
1 South Carolina. 2 ? $ U \L
3 Mrs. Dongan was the daughter of Barnardus Lagrange (Hist. MSS. Comm., Am. MSS, in R. Inst. y
vol. iv, p. 107). * New Brunswick, New Jersey.
5 In a skirmish on Staten Island in August (Sabine, op. cit., vol. i, p. 385).
( 282 )
produce the Will. He made the Will the 23 d of Aug* the Day on which he died.
She had only one Child who died the same Day that M r Dongan died. She receives
Bounty 40 a Y r . a n Allowance of 40 a Y r whch she has rec d from the 5 th of Jan? 1784.
Brig r Gen 1 Skynner sworn.
Knew M r Dongan he was an Attorney at the Commencement of the rebellion.
He behaved extremely well. Believes he was taken prisoner in Aug* 1776. In
Dec r 1776 He gave him a Warrant at Eliz th Town to raise a Corps which he after
wards did & he was killed at the head of that Corps in Aug following. He was
a very Zealous Man & knows that he was killed in Action. He was present with him
after he was wounded. He thinks he might get ^200 a Y r as an Attorney. Says
there is no provision made for the Widows of Officers in his Corps. His pay as
a Col 1 was better than his profession in the Law. Believes M rs Dongan had some
Allowance at New York. Knows nothing of M r Dongan s property.
Determin d the Memorial of Barnardus Lagrange l
!7 th ofDec r i784. ^ , T , . 7 th of Dec r 1784.
Barnardus Lagrange the Claimant sworn.
Is a Native of America & when the troubles broke out He lived at Brunswick z
A Zealous & practised as an Attorney. He took an early opportunity of shewing his Sentiments
Loyalist. & was insulted & beset early in 1775 this was for refusing to sign their Associations.
Did not bear Arms. They never ofrer d the Oath to him. He was obliged to leave his home the I st of
July 1776 & join d Sir W m Howe the 14 th . He continued with the Army till Dec r
1776 when he came again to his own House & the Army marched to Brunswick.
Gen 1 Skynner appointed him to administer the Oaths to such persons as were
disposed to take them. He continued at his own House till the 2o th of June 1777.
He then went to New York where he staid till Aug 1 1783. He had sometimes
17 Hessian Officers at his House at Brunswick. States no Services.
Bounty 80 a Y r . He has an Allowance of 80 a Y r which he has rec d from the 5 th of July 1783 &
still continues to receive it.
^ . , ^ T-, 8 th of Dec r 1784.
Daniel Coxe Lsq sworn.
Knows the Claim 1 & has known him many Years. He join d the British Troops
as soon as they came into Jersey. He believes him to have been uniformly loyal
& has heard that he rec d many Insults. Did not know his farm near Fox Hill.
Knows that M r Lagrange had Lands on Schooley s Mountain becausehe has frequently
heard that M r Lagrange had lands there & once was shewn a Tract which he was
told belonged to M r Lagrange. Thinks he can put a general Value upon Lands
in this Situation & says upon a Supposition that they had the necessary Quantity
of Meadow they would be worth 3 or 4 an Acre. Never heard it to be the best
tract on the Mountain. Says that M r Lagrange was in exceeding good business
as an Attorney. Thinks M r Lagrange s practice might produce to him between
5 & 600 a Y r . Says he has stated his own practice very modestly in putting it at
.400 a Year.
1 In a memorial dated May 27, 1783, New York, B. Lagrange asked for a passage to England for
himself, son, and daughter (see note 2 on previous page).
2 New Brunswick, New Jersey.
General Skynner sworn.
Knew M r Lagrange very well many Years before the rebellion. He took a very
early & a very decided part from the beginning in opposing their Committees. He
made himself very obnoxious. Believes him to have been uniformly loyal. Knew
a good deal of his property.
John Antill sworn.
Knew M r Lagrange s farm on the Rariton. He saw it last in 1775. Does not
know the Number of Acres. It was then in good Condition. Supposes it to be
worth .9 or .10 an Acre. Knew several Lots which he had in New Brunswick
but can t tell the selling price of Lands there. Values Meadow Land at 50 an
Acre. Thinks the 5 Acres worth 30 an Acre. Knows the roundabouts. Says the
Land is good for nothing but the Wood. Supposes it might be purchased for 2OJ.
an Acre. Knew his House at New Brunswick. Should have thought it worth ^700
in 1775. It was one of the best Houses in the Town.
Memorial of Sam 1 Shoemaker l Esq. Determin d the
Sam 1 Shoemaker Esq the Claimant upon his Affirmation. ^ of Decr J ? 8 4- J 5 th of Decr 784-
Is a Native of Philadelphia & was settled there when the troubles began. He A Zealous &
had been a Magistrate & an Alderman many Years before. When the troubles meritorious
began he uniformly opposed all their meetings & Associations. Nothing very ^JufV
material happened till 1776 when he was taken up & was order d to give a parole & un iform S conduct
that he w d not quit his House or hold any Correspondence with Sir W m Howe. &c render d
They confined him for two Days & then set him at liberty. He says it is one of sendees to Gov 1 .
the principles of his religion not to bear Arms. He kept himself from this time Did not bear Arms,
very much within doors till Sir W m Howe came to Philadelphia which was in Sept r
1777. Says M r Galloway gave him an Ace 1 of all the Loyalists & the Claim* was
sent to very early to know whether he would accept of being a Magistrate of Police.
He consented to it & the trouble of it was immense & he had an Allowance of ^300
a Y r as long as Sir W m Howe remain d there. When the British evacuated Phila
delphia He went with them. When Sir W m Howe left Philadelphia Sir Henry Clinton
only gave him 200 a Y r . In March 1778 whilst they sat at Lancaster the Congress Proof of
passed a Law attainting him by name & confiscating all his property. He was Confiscation,
particularly obnoxious on ace 1 of his principles. When the Army quitted Phila
delphia he went round by Water to New York. He had no Office or place of trust
till Sir Guy Carleton when he was appointed one of the Board to manage the Affairs
of the Loyalists. The 200 a Y r was continued to him at New York & Sir Guy
Carlton gave him at two different times ^100 & Sir Henry Clinton at another
time gave him ^100 for procuring Intelligence which with the ^200 a Y r is all
that he ever rec d before he left America. He came to Eng d upon the Evacuation of
New York & arrived at Spithead the 28 th of Dec r 1783. He has rec d an Allowance Bounty 180 a Y r .
of i 80 a Y r from the Treasury which commenced from the 5 th of April 1 784. And
he now continues to receive it.
1 The volumes of the Hist. MSS. Comm., Am. AfSS. in R. Inst., show S. Shoemaker to have been
a very active member of the Board of Refugees Loyalists. His name is in a list of persons to be
apprehended by order of the Council of Pennsylvania (T. Gilpin, Exiles in Virginia, p. 72).
O O 2
( 284 )
Loss of Office.
He was Treasurer to trie Corporation of Philadelphia which was usually held
for Life. He held it as long as the Corporation existed & never knew an Instance
of any person being removed. He says the Value of it was from ^70 to ^100 a Y r .
Phineas Bond Esq sworn.
Has known M r Shoemaker for many Years. He was always a very respectable
Man both in public & private. He always consider d him to be uniformly -attached
to the royal Cause. He was always active in Elections to keep out disaffected persons
& he was very active as a Magistrate of Police & he has heard that he was engaged
in obtaining Intelligence. He was particularly obnoxious & thinks if he had staid
behind the Army he would have suffer d. He was consider d as a Man of great
property but he thinks he is unable to value it. He knows all the Valuers & says
they are Men of unexceptionable Character. He knows the new House which he
built & all the premises. Thinks it would have sold in quiet times for 3400 C.
or 2000 S.
Knows the Dwelling House with the Wharf & Warehouses. It was a comfortable
House. He thinks it was worth 14 or 1500 S. Knows the Store Stables & Coach
House but can t value it. Thinks the Acre of Land at Kensington worth 15 or
.20. This is about the same distance from Philadelphia as Kensington from Hyde
Park Corner. Has frequently been in M r Shoemaker s House. It was plain but neat.
Can t tell the Value. Knows M rs Shoemaker s House in the Country. Doubts
whether if it was let it would let for 50 a Y r S. Should have guess d 40 a Year.
Corrects himself to 50 a Y r . Has heard that M rs Shoemaker is very ill treated by
the Americans & that she is not permitted to enjoy any part of it. Believes
M r Shoemaker has finally lost all his property & has heard that part of it has been sold.
Joseph Galloway Esq sworn.
Knew M r Shoemaker. He was a very respectable Man in private life. Before
the troubles He was a Magistrate & one of the Corporation. Knows his public
principles as they relate to this Dispute. When the other Magistrates were less
active ag* the Measures of the rebels He was particularly active ag* them. Believes
him to be a Man of uniform & decided Loyalty. Thinks notwithstanding he is
a Quaker if it had been necessary He would not have scrupled to take up Arms.
When Sir W m Howe came to Philadelphia he was by M r Galloway s recommendation
made a Magistrate of Police. He recommended him from a Conviction of his zeal
& principles. He thinks he has render d essential Service to this Country by his
Advice & his Conduct.
Determin d the Memorial of James Rogers
io th of Dec r 1784. . io th of Dec r 1784.
James Rogers the Claimant sworn.
Did not bear Arms 1 Is a Native of Ireland & went to America in the Year 1770 & was settled in
Georgia when the rebellion broke out. He took an early part in the War. He never
took the Oaths to the rebels. He says he never was in the Militia with the Americans.
He join d the British under Col 1 Maitland. He never enlisted but he rec d Pay for
one Month & an half. After he join d the British he served as a Militia Man during
1 Sic in Text.
the whole War. He came from Savannah at the Evacuation & came to Charlestown.
He applied to the Treasury & rec d the Sum of 10 in full. Bounty 10 in full.
George Johnson sworn.
Knew James Rogers in America. He lived 6 or 7 Miles from him. He was
a Loyalist. He had some land in that Country but he can t tell how much. He
has been by his plantation there was some clearance on it. He had Horses & Cattle.
He used to bring Corn to his Mill sometimes with an Horse & sometimes with a Cart.
Says he bore Arms with the British.
Sam 1 Montgomery sworn.
Knew James Rogers in Georgia. Has often seen him at the Stations of the
British Army. He was a sickly Man at the beginning of the War. Believes him
to have been a loyal Man & a very peaceable honest Man. Knows him because
he was a Magistrate & when he used to summon persons upon Juries he summoned
this Man because he knew him to be a freeholder.
Memorial of John Hennesey Determin d y e
T i TT T, /^i II th of Dec r 1784. io th of Dec r i784.
John Hennesey the Claimant sworn.
Is a Native of Ireland & has been in America more than 20 Y rs . Went out A Loyalist,
as an indented Serv* for 4 Y rs . When the War began he lived in Charlestown
& followed Carting & kept Horses sometimes two & sometimes three. He was Did not bear Arms,
obliged to quit the province sooner than take the Abjuration Oath. He quitted
Charlestown in 1778 & went to France. He came thro Germany to Eng d . When
he heard that Charlestown was taken he went to New York & he was at the taking
of Charlestown. He was Conductor of Waggons. He came to this Country at the
Evacuation of Charlestown. He has an Allowance of 20 a Y r which he had rec d Bounty 20 a Y r .
from the 5 th of Jan? 1783.
Luke Keaton sworn.
Knew John Hennesley in Charlestown before the rebellion. He followed the
trade of buying & selling at public Auctions. He had likewise Carts & Drays. He
came away because he would not take the Oath. Knew an House that he had.
He bought it at public Auction. He bought it in 1775 & paid 3000 C. for it. After
the siege the House was pulled down.
Memorial of Luke Keating Determin d the
T i v s ^ m- II th of Dec r 1784. ii th of Dec r 1784.
Luke Keating the Claimant sworn.
Is a Native of Eng d & went to America 18 or 19 Y rs ago. He followed the Sea
& went on board a Merch 1 Ship. He lived in Charlestown in 1774. He followed A Loyalist,
the Carting business & his Wife kept a small Shop. When the troubles began the Did not bear Arms.
Oaths were tender d to him but he refused to take them & went into the Country
1 60 Miles from Charlestown. He staid there till the Town was taken. He lived
in Ninety Six District. He was employ d as a Waggon Driver by the British & had
half a Crown a Day. He staid at Charlestown till the Evacuation when he came
to Eng d . He receives an Allowance of 20 a Y r which he has rec d about two Y ra Bounty 20 a Y r .
from the 5 th of Jan y 1783 & now receives it.
Determin d the
1 3 th of Dec r i784.
Husband a British
Officer & the Wife
Bounty 50 a Y r .
Determin d the
28 th of Jan? 1785.
& bore Arms.
Bounty 50 a Y r
& two Sums of
Determin d the
24 th of Dec r i784.
Bounty 15 in full
This being given
Claim disallow d
Memorial of Major Poynton
Brereton Poynton sworn. 1 3 th of De r 1 7 8 4-
Is a Native of Eng d & was in 1774 on Duty as an Officer in Jamaica. He
returned to Tjenton in 1774 where he had resided before that time. He married
M rs Poynton in 1772. He staid a Month at his House at Trenton & then returned
to Jamaica & then returned to Eng d . He left M rs Poynton who was born in Trenton
there in 1 774. Her Parents were loyalists but says they were dead before the troubles.
He went out in 1 777 to bring her away & he brought her to Eng d . All her friends
were loyal. M rf Poynton had no Allowance till 1782 from which time she has had
an Allowance of ^50 a Year. He never rec d any Letter from her for 23 Months.
Dan 1 Coxe Esq sworn.
Knew M re Poynton very well. She used to speak her Mind about the Rebellion
& was very loyal. Knew the Tavern thinks if it had been let to a Stranger it would
have taken ^50 a Y r independent of the two Houses which were let separately.
Including the two Houses He values the premises at more than .1000. Says that
M rs Poynton asked him his Opinion before she made her Schedule & therefore his
Valuation will probably be much the same as hers. And being asked in general
terms He says he approves her Schedule. Being asked as to the words of the Will
where her father leaves certain property in these words If I have a Child then I leave