Admits that property sold much cheaper in 1777 on Ace 4 of the troubles. Knows
the Dwelling House &c but does not know whether it is his or not thinks it worth
150 the small Lot in Kingston he values at .30. Knows the Signature of some
of the people who have signed the paper.
Doct r Halyburton sworn. 2 5 th of Feb? 1785.
Knew the Character of Tho s Cutter very well. Believes he has always
been uniform in his Loyalty. Was at Rhode Island when he came over. Says
the Rebels often put Arms into his hands & he refused to use them. Has often
heard that his property was seized by the Rebels. Is not at all acquainted with
his property but thinks he must have been worth Money. Knew his business.
He had a considerable Share of business. Says the Virginia Tobacco always
sold much higher during the War than before. Thinks 8 or 900 Dollars would
be a great deal for him to have whereas he claims ^8000 Dollars. Says that
Gen 1 Prescot advised the Loyalists to stay behind at the Evacuation. Says his
Wife was unable to move at the time. Thinks he might have continued there after
the Peace but without any prospect of recovering his property. Thinks it a
very improper Demand.
Memorial of W m Taylor Esq. Determin d y
m-iimi" IT? *i, r-1 2C th of Feb? 1785. 26 th of Feb? 1785.
Will m Taylor Esq the Claimant sworn.
Is a Native of America & was settled as a Lawyer in New Jersey in 1775.
He ceas d to practise in July 1776 when the new Gov fc was established & then
he refused to practise & was accordingly sent for into Court & the Oaths of A Loyalist.
Allegiance were tender d to him which he refused. He never was obliged to make
any Concessions to the Americans the Number of Loyalists was so great that
they never attempted to take anybody up in that County. He join d the British Did not bear Arms.
Army in 1776 at Brunswick. Prior to his joining them he was never under any
Necessity of taking any Oaths. He has remain d with the British Army ever
since as a private Character. He left them in Nov r 1783 & landed at Portsmouth
in Dec r . He has an Allowance from the Treasury of ^40 a Y r since Christmas Bounty 40 a Y r .
1783. He had likewise during the latter part of his time at New York rec d
a Dollar a day for no situation but that of a Loyal Refugee. He remonstrated
ag l the provincial Congress for not [sic in text].
Certificate from Gov r Franklyn produced. He charges the Loss of Surrogate s
Office at 40 a Y r & the practice at ^300 a Y r . He had the promise of another Profession
Office but he never got it. 300 a Y r .
Major John Antill sworn.
Has known the Man before & during the rebellion. Believes him uniformly
loyal. Does not remember the Grenadier Co. Says he was in considerable
business in the profession of the Law. Believes he must have got 400 a Y r .
Will m Taylor the Claimant called in again.
Admits that he belonged to the Grenadier Company & that they were
a Company of American Militia but they signed no Association.
Determin d the Memorial of Josiah Tatnall l Esq.
l st of March 1785. 2 8 th of Feb? I78C
Josiah Tatnall the Claimant sworn.
Is a Native of Charlestown. He was settled in Georgia at the Commence-
A Zealous & ment of the troubles. He has a Planter & Sawyer. He was a Col 1 of a Reg 4 of
meritorious Militia & one of the Council by Mandamus. Dates the Commencement of the
troubles in Georgia from 1776. He was frequently call d upon by the Gov r
to protect the town & the Gov rs House & he gave assistance to Sir James Wright
in withdrawing himself. In consequence of this being known he was taken
Did not bear Arms. Prisoner & kept six Weeks. He was then releas d on Parole by Exchange. He
then went back to his plantation where he remain d till Dec r 1777 when he left
the province. They frequently tender d the Association & Oaths but he refused
both. Produces the Oath which they tender d to him. He was summon d
before the Committee & he told them that he despis d them & their Oath. He
was then order d to quit the province within 60 Days. He was permitted to
stay a few Days longer by asking leave & produces some of the Permits. He
quitted the Province in Dec r 1777. They were clear d out for Cape Francois
but the Witness & some others bought the Ship for .500 & they stood for the
Bahama Islands where they arrived & were taken by an English Privateer but
they were releas d by the Court of Admiralty. Produces the form of a second
Oath which was tender d to him & others it is much stronger than the other.
He embarked for Eng d in June 1778 & was taken by Count D Estaing s fleet
& carried into Philadelphia & kept 7 Weeks. When he went to New York &
came to Eng d immediately & landed in Eng d in Dec r 1778. He remain d in Eng d
ii Months & went out again to Georgia in Nov r 1779. He had an Appointment
from Lord George Germaine of Receiver Gen 1 of the Quit rents &c & also
reappointed a Member of the Council. He had a Salary of 100 a Y r as Rec r .
He arrived at Savannah in March 1780 when he was put into possession of that
Office. He was also Judge Surrogate of the Admiralty under Lieut 1 Gov r Powell.
He was Country Comptroller & Deputy Auditor. He continued there until
the Evacuation. He has at present an Appointment of Surveyor Gen 1 of Lands
at the Bahama Islands z with a Salary of 100 a Y r . He has applied for an Aug
mentation to the Salary but does not know the fate of it. He now receives
the Salary & has rec d it for one Year. When he first came to Eng d in 1778 He
Bounty ,400. rec d 200 after he had been 3 Months in Eng d & he afterwards rec d 200 more
besides Passage Money. Since he returned last he has rec d no Allowance from
the Treasury except the Salary.
Lieut 1 Gov r Graham sworn. I8t of March 1 7*S-
Has known M r Tatnall for many Years long before the troubles. He says
1 Lieutenant-Colonel Archibald McArthur wrote to Lieutenant-General Leslie on October 30, 1782 :
I have formed a Committee of four of the principal refugees, Colonels Ball and Cassells for Carolina,
and Colonels Tatnall and Douglas for Georgia, to ascertain by oath the number of refugees and blacks
and superintend the delivery of provisions (Hist. MSS. Comm., Am. MSS. in R. Inst., vol. iii, p. 192).
He signed a dissent from the Resolutions of August 10, 1774 (White, Hist. Collections of Georgia, p. 49).
2 Professor Siebert might have added his name to the list of loyalists holding offices of some importance
in the Bahama Islands (The Legacy of the Am. Rev. to the British West Indies and the Bahamas, p. 49).
( 319 )
he has been uniformly loyal from the first. Says he remain d in Georgia some
time longer than the Witness but he understood that he refused the Oaths
& therefore was obliged to go away. He exerted himself always for the Service
& was very useful. He was Col 1 of Militia & a Member of the Council. Says
he was Rec r Gen 1 &c &c. Knows the 105 Acres where he lived. Says it was
valuable from its vicinity to the Town. The land was not valuable. Thinks
in the State it was in exclusive of the Buildings it was worth ^500. Knows
he had a share in a Tan Yard & understood that he had a 3 d Share but he is no
Judge of the Value. Knows the land which he bought of M r Box. When he
bought it the Cultivation was very trifling. Thinks it well worth 800.
Knows the tract of the 796 Acres. Says it was a valuable Tract of Land
but thinks that he gave the full Value for it. Can t say whether he clear d any
part of it afterwards. He admits that he sold a tract of Land to M r Tatnall
at Zamacho. Does not recollect the price but believes it was 50 Go s. Knows
his Lands on Tybec Island but does not know the particulars. The land was
worth nothing in itself but valuable from situation to make little buildings upon
it. He gave him 50 for a small piece of it. Knows little more of his property.
Rev d M r Renny sworn.
Knew M r Tatnall very well in America before the troubles. He appear d
to be very firmly attached to this Country. He knows that he refused to sign
their Associations or to take any Oaths. He has frequently been in his House.
When the Armed Men came down to search his House &c he always was very
firm & rather than take the Oaths he quitted the Province. He supplied the
Town of Savannah with many Articles which made it necessary for him to rear
many Horses &c. He says that M r Tatnall was a Man of very handsome fortune
& that he lived extremely well in that Country.
Memorial of Jane Constable Widow Determin d the
?d r,( Mot-Mi y7f 2 d of March 1785.
Jane Constable the Claimant sworn. J 7 8 5-
Is a Native of Eng d & went first to America in 1776. She is the Widow A Loyalist & the
of Capt n Constable. He had been in America before the troubles. He went Representative
first about a Year before the troubles. Says her Husband was in the Engagement of a L y allst -
at Bunkers Hill. She went with her Husband from Boston to New York from
thence he was sent to Georgia & they were taken in their passage. Her Husband
died in Oct r 1780. He was wounded in an Engagement with Gen 1 Leslie in the
Jerseys. Says that he died in Consequence of his Confinement. She left Charles-
town in Nov r 1780. After repeated Applications She obtain d nothing from
the Treasury but she now has an Allowance of 20 a Y r which commenced from Bounty 20 a Y r .
y* 5 th July 1783 & she now continues to receive it.
Produces a Charlestown Gazette of the 3O th of June 1780. Certificate from
the Depy Inspector Gen 1 of the forces to Capt n Constable s Situation in the
Army to his Imprisonment &c. Certificate of her Marriage produced. Certificate
from Gen 1 Leslie to Capt n Constable s zeal & saying that he believed it shorten d
( 320 )
.2 g The whole Loss consists of certain Articles which she was bringing home
g M in 1780. Her Husband had no other property. Certificate from Col 1 Balfour
15 to his raising a Corps. He carried no Money out with him. The Articles which
, she was bringing home were Indigo Tobacco & Bees Wax. Her Husband had
^j| bought these things from his Savings. The Ship went to the bottom & She
_ % & the passengers were taken up by the Hydra. She asks whether if she receives
31 ^ :2 the half pay of an Officers Widow it will preclude her from receiving her Allowance
J |js at the Treasury. She is told not but is desired to consider the Nature of the
H ^ " Oath which she must take if she receives that pension.
Produces an Affidavit of Capt n stating the Loss of the Vessel & the Articles
M rs Constable speaks of a Witness whom she means to call but it not being
to a material point it is of no importance whether he attends or not.
Determin d the Memorial of Samuel Smith
2 d of March 1785. c . c . , , O1 . 2 d of March 1785.
Samuel Smith the Claimant sworn.
Is a Native of Eng d & went to America in 1768. When the rebellion broke
out he was settled in New Jersey at Spotswood & had the Direction of the Iron
A Loyalist. Works there. He never took an Active part with them but he sign d their Muster
Did not bear Arms, roll & appear d on the Ground. He went round with them & carried a Stick.
He was appointed Lieut 1 in their M a but he says he did not accept because he
had so much business to take care of. His real reason was that he did not like
their Measures. This was about a Month before Independence was declared
but he admits that it was generally expected. He continued unmolested till
Dec r 1776. He says he was obliged to get a Man to go out in his room. He
never took the Oaths but he did sign an Association early in the business. Says
that when a Paper was brought about to take the Sentiments of the Province
whether they were for Independence or not & he sign d ag* it & 50 of his
Workmen did the same. He was in consequence of this summon d before the
Committee & they meant to imprison him but they did not do it. He join d
the British Troops when they came. He escaped from his House & after being
two nights in the woods he join d the British at Brunswick. He wished to have
returned home if possible but he could not. When the Country was in the
possession of the British he came again to his own House. He left his House
again the I st of Jan* 1777 & went to Amboy for a few Days & from thence to
New York where he staid three Years. He came from thence in Dec r 1779
& landed in Eng d in Jan? 1780. He never applied to the Treasury & has no
Allowance. The only Act he ever did to serve Great Britain was to assist
a British Commissary.
Memorial of Dan 1 Dulany J Esq. Jun r
r i r i .i. 01 - 3 d of March 1785.
Daniel Dulany the Claimant sworn.
Is a Native of America & lived at Anapolis with his father when the troubles
1 Daniel Dulany must not be confused with his more distinguished father of the same name (see
Johns Hopkins Univ. Studies in Hist., &c., xxi, 6 and 7, The Political Services of Daniel Dulany the elder,
( 321 )
commenced. He then resided with his father who is now alive in Maryland.
In 1774 He protested ag l the resolve not to pay British Debts. He refused to
sign all their Associations. And in 1775 he met several other persons armed at
Sir Rob 1 Eden s House to oppose all those persons who meant to attack the
Tories. He remain d in Maryland till July 1775 & he came to Eng d in Sept r
1775 since which time he has been in Eng d . In 1778 He applied to the Treasury
& rec d 400 in advance & 200 a Year from that time to this. Bounty 200 a Y r .
Certificate read to Loyalty & to his Exertions on the Occasion abovemention d
from M r Will 1 " Eddis.
His father has been treble tax d for his Attachment to Great Britain. Has
been uniformly loyal. His Estate has not been confiscated.
John Swan sworn.
Knew M r Dulany in 1772 or 1773. He was then just returned to America
from Eng d . He understood that he was disaffected to the Cause of America that
he refused to muster &c in consequence of which he was obliged to leave the
Country. He had a great & extensive property which he had convey d from
his father. Believes that the father convey d all his landed property to this
& his other Son excepting a very small part indeed. He left America in June
last. He believes he has lost the whole of his property & that it has been sold.
He cannot put a value on any of his property in Frederic County. Knows that
he had property at Anapolis but not the Value. Cannot value any part of his
property. Speaks to the names & Characters of M r Fairbrother & Bullin they
are Men of fair Character the same of M r Murdock & M r Marshall the same
of Betty & Deakins.
Thomas Eden sworn.
Has known M r Dulany before the troubles. He was constantly with him &
he believes he was constantly loyal. Knows that he had very great property
& that he had a concern in some Iron Works because the Iron was consign d
to the Witness for a Y r or two. Believes he had great property but can t
speak to the value of any part of it.
James Brooks sworn.
Has known M r Dulany many Years. Remembers him in Maryland in 1774.
He took a decided part in favor of this Country. It render d him obnoxious
& has cost him his Estate in the End. Knows great part of his property but
can t speak to the Value. Remembers his Grand Mother M rs Tasker & that
she left him residuary Legatee & some Land in Anapolis but can t value it.
Knows that he had a tenth share of the Iron works but can t value it. Under
stood that M r Tasker by his Will left a Legacy to M r Dulany.
Richard Holland sworn.
Has known M r Dulany since the Year 1773. He lived with him a great
deal & knew his Opinions very well. He was very decidedly in favor of Gov*
by St. G. L. Sioussat). We find Daniel Dulany, jun., offering on January 26, 1787, to be one of Haldi-
mand s esquires at his installation as Knight of the Bath (Brymner, Can. Archives, 1886, Haldimand
Coll., vol. i, p. 572).
( 322 )
Determin d y 6
5 th of March 1785.
& he has been informed that he sign d the Protest ag* the proposition for not
paying British Debts. Thinks the Confiscation of his Estate a proof of his
Memorial of David Propert
David Propert the Claimant sworn. $* of March J 7 8 5-
Is a Native of Wales & went to America in 1770. He was Organist at
Boston. Admits that he sign d a paper in Aug* 1785 * & swore to it he believes
it was merely to swear that he would not buy provisions &c for the British.
They took from him the provisions that he had bought. He was then at Rhode
Did not bear Arms. Island. He got on board the Swan Sloop of War & went in that to Boston.
He left Boston in Nov r 1775 & went to Halifax & from thence to Eng d . He
never carried Arms or served in the Militia. His reason for leaving Boston was
that he could get no provisions. Says a Proclamation was issued. Says he
receives nothing from the Treasury & never has done. But upon looking into
the Cases for temporary support it appears that he has an Allowance of 20
a Y r from the 5 th of Jan* 1783.
Says he got ^300 a Y r at Boston by teaching Music & he had .40 a Y r as
Organist. Says he carried out about ^100. Says that he has four Spinnets
which he left in America but he makes no Claim for them. He left them with
four or five friends. He thinks he makes .50 or more by teaching Musick & he
receives 16 a Y r from Mess" Lane & Fraser.
N.B. To write to the Treasury to desire that the Arrears of this Man s
Salary may be paid to him up to Jan? 1785 & that as he does not appear to want
it it should be discontinued in future.
Bounty 20 a Y r
Determin d on the
24 th & 25 th of
A Loyalist & has
render d Services
to the British
Gov 1 .
Memorial of Will" 1 Bayard z Esq.
\T7-iim -D j ^ m 7 th of March 1785.
Will m Bayard the Claimant sworn.
Is a Native of New York. His family were some of the Original Settlers
there. In 1774 he was an Inhabitant of New York. In every part of the
rebellion & in every instance he opposed the rebellion in every stage of it dates
the Commencement of the rebellion from 1775. He had been in a very extensive
line of business but he was then quitting his business. In 1774 he was appointed
one of a Committee of 51 3 persons to oppose the Measures of the rebels. He
remain d at New York until the Rebels brought in some of the Connecticut
Troops. He quitted his House then to avoid being insulted & went to his Estate
at Wehounck & afterwards to his Estate in Orange County & he remain d after
wards conceald until he join d the British Troops. He join d them the Day
1 sic. ? 1775.
z William Bayard was delegate from New York to the Continental Congress of 1765. On Manhattan
Island the most valuable estates were those of Stuyvesant, Bayard, Heathcote, de Lancey, and de Peyster
(Becker, op. cit., p. 9). The Bayards thus belonged to the class of large landed proprietors. These
men at heart and by habit were true aristocrats and denunciators of the democratic movement. They
were loyal to the Crown because of received and anticipated favours. Their material interests were
connected with the established order of things and their conviction tended to loyalism (Flick, op. cit.,
3 See Becker, op. cit., pp. 114-66, for an account of this committee of fifty-one.
( 323 )
after they took the Town & gave them all the Intelligence in his power. He
brought his family to New York in two Days. After the fire He gave every
information in his power to Lord North & sent him Evidence to prove that it
was set on fire by Design. He took the Management of the Police at New York
at the request of Gov r Tryon. He offer d himself to every Commander in chief
to be useful to the utmost of his power. He procured Spies Guides &c on many
Occasions. A Reg 1 was rais d by his means in 1776. It was to consist of 550
Men they were call d the Orange Rangers his Eldest Son was appointed Lieut 1
Col 1 & the next Brother Major. He says his eldest Son is in the East Indies
& that these two were his Second & third Sons. They now both receive half
pay. He had a Warrant to raise a Brigade but he only raised one Reg 1 . He
acted in the Refugee department without any Emolument. He had an Allowance
of ^200 a Y r w ch was given to him here in Jan y 1 779 & it has been continued ever Bounty 200 a Y r .
since. He had no other Allowance but he had an appointment of Vendue Master
likewise in 1779. He had no emolument from it. He wished to have been
Sole Vendue Master but Lord George Germaine did not choose to give him
such an Appointment. Upon his return in 1779 He was appointed Agent for
Prizes by several Captains. He was Sole Agent for particular Captains. He
had 5 per Cent for this. Says he did not get .10000 C. by it. He acted as
Agent for the Contractors of Provisions M r Devayner &c. He never got in the
whole by this more than 200 or 250. He was employ d in this Situation for
near two Y rs . He was not concern d in any Contracts with the Quarter Mast r
Gen 1 3 Department. He had two Waggons which he was paid for at the Common
price & a Petty augre. The Profit of these was more than ^1000 a Y r but it was
his Support. In the latter part of the time he had two Boats. This Contract
continued for about three Years. He was allowed an House but his House at
Greenwich was occupied by the King s Troops. The House was allotted to him
by Sir Henry Clinton but he had two small Houses in the Town which he rented
at 150 a Y r & afterwards for the three last Years at 300 a Y r . These Houses
were too small for him & his family. He had another House (a rebel House)
which he rented for 38 a Y r . He had this about 3 Years. Being asked whether
he ever sign d an Association He says he never sign d any to the best of his
knowledge. The Committee of 51 were Men of principles unfavorable to
G fc Britain & he was put amongst them as being friendly to the King s Gov*.
Says this Committee never sign d any papers or came to any public Declaration
of principles. Admits that this Committee was appointed to correspond with
the other Provinces & to aid & assist the Rebellion but he always opposed them.
Can t recollect when he quitted that Committee. He had an Allowance at New
York. He arrived in Eng d in 1783. He never concurr d in any Measure of that
Committee which had the least tendency to hurt Great Britain. He never
sign d one of the resolves or proclamations of this Committee. When he quitted
that Committee cannot be positive that he declared his reasons but says they
were very well known. Says that no person in New York gave so great Opposition
to the Measures of the Rebels.
He applied to Sir Henry Clinton for the Loss sustain d at that time.
He produces a Copy of the Mem 1 reciting the Loss by the Post at Casteal.
T t 2
( 324 )
He desires to have leave till tomorrow to consider whether he should claim this
here or not.
N 4. The large House & Improvements at Greenwich on N. York Island.
Rev d Charles Inglis sworn.
Was well acquainted with the Claim 1 before & after the Rebellion. He
always consider d him as uniformly attached to the British Gov*. There was
a Committee of 51 at New York in the Year 1774 & 1775. Many persons of
the first Loyalty & Character were of it for the purpose of checking the Measures
then in Agitation. Does not recollect for what purpose the Committee was first
In 1776 the Claimant was obliged to hide himself in an Hovel in New Jersey
for fear of being seized by the Americans on ace 1 of his Loyalty. Witness saw
him in this Situation & says that he suffer d greatly by being so long obliged
to live in a miserable Garret. Does not think there could be a more firm Loyalist
than M r Bayard who he frequently thought was too violent at the Commence
ment of the troubles against the Americans. Always understood that M r Bayard
had a very considerable property in America but he is not able to speak to any
particular parts thereof.
Will m Cunningham sworn.
Knew M r Bayard in 1774 & 1775. He consider d him as a Loyalist.
Mentions many Acts of Loyalty. M r Bayard attempted to prevent his being
put in Gaol. And he was used ill in Consequence. Thinks M r Bayard s private
Character protected him at that time. Says that when the Alarm of fire was