confederate flag- on the ground with the enemy's g-uns
and started to bring- it to us when Colonel Hutchinson
saw the orderly with it and called to him to bring- it to
him, which was done.
Captain Worrell, at that time in command of Com-
pany G, who was on the left of the line, confirms what
Captain Powell says, only he claims that the surrender
was made to him, and differs a little in some minor
details as would be natural after so many years. He
"In the matter of the capture of those prisoners on the 22d of
July, I know beyond question that the 15th Michigan had nothing
to do with it. It was Companies G, H and I that captured them
and there were 173 of them. This is a matter too well known to
members of the three companies to permit the 15th Michigan to claim
the honor of it. ' '
Battle of Atlanta.
LIEUTENANT GEORGE S. WALKER, COMPANY F.
(See page HI for sketch and order of three pictures.)
After looking over all the facts and reading- all the
reports of the battle, I am sure the facts are about
these: The actual surrender of prisoners was made to the
99th, with one of the moving causes being the fact that
three companies of the 15th Michigan were on the Hank
of the enemy at the time.
Lieutenant-Colonel Berkey, in his blunt, soldierly
way, in speaking of it, says:
"The cause of the trouble between Colonel Oliver and the offi-
cers of the 99th was, after we were in the brigade, he sent one day
one of his aids to Colonel Fowler and myself to sign a petition to
make him brigadier-general. This we refused to do, and after that
we never captured a prisoner but what he added to his report that
the 15th Michigan did it."
108 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry.
In all the reports, official and otherwise, of the battle,
the best one I have found I copy from an old diary kept
by a privave soldier, Andrew J. Clayton, Company D,
written that night. He is now a telegraph operator and
railroad agent at Tenaha, Texas:
July 22, 1864. This has been a day to be remembered by many.
In the forenoon everything appeared to be very quiet and the enemy
left their works in our immediate front and fell back to a stronger
position along the edge of the town, and we moved up and took pos-
session of their works and turned the dirt the other way. About the
time this was done we heard firing on the extreme left and they had
massed their forces there and were advancing on the Seventeenth
Corps. It was not long until the fighting became general. Our men
held their ground nobly. There were re-enforcemeuts sent from the
Fifteenth Corps to support the Seventeenth Corps, and at the same
time the rebels made a general attack on the Fifteenth Corps and on
account of line being thus weakened to re-enforce the left, the rebs
got into our works on our right and got an oblique fire on our regi-
ment and we were ordered to retreat. We fell back about 100 yards
and rallied and charged back to the works again and after fighting
about ten minutes the rebs flanked us again, as our forces gave way
on our right. We then fell back to our works that we had built the
night before. Our batteries now opened a destructive fire on them,
a fresh brigade was sent in on our right, and we went forward
again and in a little while we gained our whole line and held it to
the end. The enemy finally fell back and gave up their attempt to
whip the Army of the Tennessee as a bad job. As I write to-night,
our men are in possession of the whole line. The rebs lost terribly,
their dead lined the woods in our front and we took some prisoners.
Our loss was considerable but not more than half as many as the
■enemy. Our regiment lost about 40, our company lost 3 wounded; 1st
Sergeant John Harvey, wounded in the thigh; Gideon Pierce, just
above the knee; George Stearns in the mouth.
July 23d. We are busy to-day burying the rebel dead. It is a
horrible sight to pass over a battlefield and see many dead as there
are here Those who a few hours ago were alive and well, are sleep-
ing to rise no more. They have gone the same road a good many
more of them will go if they only continue to charge our ranks. Gen-
eral Sherman rode along our lines to-day and we gave him three
Battle of Atlanta.
WILLIAM A. KIPLING AND WIFE, COMPANY C.
Born February 11, 1836, in Sodus, Wayne county. New York;
followed sailing^ from 1852 until the war came; enlisted at Valpa-
raiso, August 11, 1862, and served until close of war. Moved to Saun-
ders county, Nebraska, and lived several years; then moved*to Weld
county, Colorado, where they now reside upon a farm. Comrade
Kipling is 64 years of age and his wife 63, but they are Jboth hale
and well preserved for their years. Address, Platteville, Colorado.
BATTLE OF EZRA CHAPEL, JULY 28, 1864.
This was one of the hardest battles in which the 99th
Indiana was ever engaged. The brief account in the
report of Lieutenant-Colonel Berkey has already been
given. General Sherman determined to extend his line
on the right and he threatened the left flank of General
Hood by severing his railroad connection toward the
south. The account of this engagement may be stated
in this form: The Fifteenth Army Corps moved to the
right and rear, going" eight miles on July 27th to the ex-
treme right of the line, and camped in columns of reg-i-
ments. About 11 o'clock or a little after, while moving
forward in line of battle, the corps struck the skir-
mish line of the enemy and they at once begun to pile
up logs and rails, and anything that would furnish pro-
tection. This was hardly beg'un before the enemy ap-
peared in full line of battle.
General Sherman says of this: "The enemy had
come out of Atlanta by the Bell's Ferry road and formed
his masses in the open fields behind the swell of ground,
and advanced in parallel lines directly against the Fif-
teenth Corps expecting- to catch that flank in 'air.' His
advance was magnificent but founded on an error that
cost him sadly, for our men coolly and deliberately cut
down his men, and in spite of the efforts of the rebel of-
ficers his ranks broke and fled, but they were rallied
ag-ain and again, as often as six times at some points,
and a few of the rebel officers and men reached our line
of railpiles only to be killed or hauled over as prisoners.
These assaults occurred from noon until about 4 p. m.,
when the enemy disappeared, leaving his dead and
wounded in our hands.
Battle of Ezra Cliapel.
LIEUTENANT GEORGE S. WALKER, COMPANY P.
Born September 30, 1832, on Little Mountain, Hardy count3%
"Virginia. His father broug-ht him to Tippecanoe county, Indiana,
when he was 3 years of age, and dying soon after, the boy was
reared by an uncle. Smith Marques, of whom he says: "He was
the best man I ever knew." Georg-e became a farmer and married
in 1853. Located near the Battle Ground, Indiana, where he was
when he enlisted in August, 1862, and was elected and commissioned
2d lieutenant of Company F. Was in all the campaigns of the regi-
ment until the battle of Atlanta, Julj' 22d, where he was severely
wounded in the hand, and being taken with the fever soon after, he
was unable to rejoin his regiment until after the "march to the
sea," and was honorably discharged by the war department, Feb-
ruary 4, 1865. After the war, lived fourteen years in Illinois, and
says: "I made monej' and lost it by going- security- for friends." In
1880 went to Cherokee Nation and engaged in the cattle business for
sixteen years. Now resides on a farm near Moran, Kansas. The
changes of Comrade Walker are marked by three pictures. The
one on this page in 1862 at 30 j-ears, the one on page 107 in 1880 at
48 jear&, and the one on page 19 in 1900, aged 68 years.
112 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry.
General William Harrow, in command of the Fourth
Division says: "As we were advancing in line of battle
about 11 a. m., the enemy's skirmishers began to dispute
our progress, everything indicating the enemy to be
near. Our lines were rapidly formed along a wooded
crest facing nearly south, the First Brigade on the
right, the Third on the left, and the Second in reserve.
The line was not entirely formed before the enemy at-
tacked in large force and with great desperation. After
a brief struggle their first line gave way. A second
was moved forward, but after a severe struggle met a
like fate. The woods in our front afforded the enemy
an opportunity of reforming his broken lines unper-
ceived. The assault upon my lines was repeated six
times between 12 m. and 5 p. m., and in every instance
were met and repulsed with great slaughter, until finally
sundown greeted us as the victors upon the most stub-
bornly contested and bloodiest battlefield of the cam-
paign. The battle was fought by the Fifteenth Corps
against four times their numbers, with the advantage
of works on either side.
"If the soldiers of the Fifteenth Corps had no other
claim to consideration than their efforts on that day, it
would be enough to entitle them to the lasting gratitude
of their country." — War Records, Vol. 38, page 281.
Major-General H. E. Clayton, commanding a division
of the Confederate forces, in his report of the battle
says: "Early on the morning of the 28th of July this
division was ordered to move from its position in the
trenches on the northeast of Atlanta, through the city to
the west. Here it was halted until near the middle of
the day; when having been preceded by Brown's Divi-
sion, it moved out on the Lick Skillet road about a mile
and went into line of battle on the right of the road
facing to the north. I had placed Gibson's Brigade on
the left and was superintending the formation of Holtz-
claw's Brigade on the right, having directed General
Baker to form his brigade in rear as a reserve, when I
learned that without the knowledge of General Gibson
Battle of Ezra Chapel.
ALFRED A. REAM, COMPANY I.
A sketch of Comrade Ream will be found on page 55. This pic-
ture shows him as he was ready to start to war. In addition to his
regulation outfit he was presented by the boys and girls, with re-
volvers, bowie knife, blacking brushes, needle box, writing paper,
pens, pencils, pipe and tobacco, a bible, deck of cards, hose, shirts,
handkerchiefs, etc. In the picture he looks like a walking arsenal,
but in six months he got rid of most of them. Revolvers, bowie
knives, etc., were the most useless things a soldier could carry when
he had a musket. I do not remember how it was with Comrade
Ream, but I remember one comrade of Company C that started with
as much in his knapsack as Comrade Ream, but as it was rather
shrunken one day on a march, I asked him what he had in it, and
he responded: "A navy plug and history of the four kings." A
great many soldiers on a march threw their knapsacks in a wagon
and made a roll of their blankets and tied them so as to make a collar
over one shoulder and under the arm on the other side The picture
shows the full armed soldier, that all will recognize as "Sergeant
11-4 New History of the Nintty-Ninth Indiana Infantry.
or myself, his brigade had been ordered forward b}-
Lieutenant-Colonel Cunningham, assistant inspector-
general of the corps. This brigade soon struck the
enemy, whose skirmishers with the line sirpporting them
were promptly driven back on the main line. Moving
Holtzclaw's Brigade forward with the instructions to
look well to the right, my formation having been from
the left on Brown's Division, I hastened to where Gib-
son's Brigade was engaged. This brigade had struck
the salient in the enemy's works and had suffered se-
verely. I was informed by General Gibson that he
needed support. The troops on his left had been driven
back in confusion. I immediately ordered up Baker s
brigade which renewed the attack with spirit, but was
in time, driven back with great loss. I then ordered
Holtzclaw's brigade to move by the left flank and take a
position out of view of the enemy but near their works
and covering the ground over which the two other bri-
gades had passed, in order to meet an advance on the
enemy should one be made. Hastily forming Gibson's
and Baker's brigades, both of which had fought with
gallantry and lost one-half of their original numbers, in
rear; the firing on my left having ceased, I notified Lieu-
tenant- General Lee, commanding corps, of my position
and awaited orders. * * * * Soon after dark the
troops were moved back through the breast-works near
the city and on a new^ position on the left of the army."
War Records, Serial 74, page 821.
Thus ended the last great charge of General Hood's
forces during that campaign. The brave men of the
Confederate army began to see, even the humblest of
them, how utterly useless it was to charge upoc the
works of the Union forces, and when another attempt
was made at Jonesboro on the 31st of August, many of
the troops refused to do so.
Colonel Bushrod Jones, who commanded Holtzclaw's
Brigade August 31st at Jonesboro, says of the attack
there: "At the appointed signal for the advance the
men and officers generally moved forward with spirit
Battle of Ezra Chapel.
ISRAEL MINNIE, COMPANY D.
and enthusiasm and in very good order. After advanc-
ing- about 200 yards I met the first line; repulsed with
disorder and confusion after a very short contest, and
then an open space of about 300 yards intervened
between the brigade and the works of the enemy. The
line continued to advance with good order and much
enthusiasm. Unfortunately, just as the line arrived at
the line of railpiles, about forty yards in front of the
enemy's line, the line halted without orders and the men
sought shelter behind these piles, throwing the line in
disorder. I used every effort in my power to reform the
line and to urge the men forward to take the works in
front, but without effect. I held this advanced position
until all the troops within sight of my left had been
116 New History of the Ninety- Ninth Indiana Infantry.
repulsed, and until I saw that it was useless to make any-
more efforts to carry the position, probably about half
an hour. I then ordered the brigade to retire in order
and reform the line at the first line of works from which
we advanced at the beg^inning of the battle. I regret to
say that the conduct of the brigade after halting at the
picket line of the enemy was not satisfactory. The men
seemed possesse^d oisome great horror of charging breast-
works, which no power, persausion or example could dis-
pel, yet I must say, that the officers generally did their
duty." — War Records, Serial 74, page 835.
The diary of Andrew J. Clayton, of Company D, writ-
ten on the ground, gives the view of a private soldier:
Wednesday, July 27th. We left our position on the left at 3 a. m.
and started for the right of our line; it rained some through the day,
which made bad walking. We got to the right at dark.
Thursday, July 28th. In the morning at daylight our corps
commenced swinging around to the right of our lines. We swung in
about two miles over the hills and through the hollows and over fences
and through thick woods in line of battle and every other way.
There was continual skirmishing on as long as we were advancing;
about noon we halted and commenced throwing up works; got some
temporary works built out of logs and threw up some dirt with tin
plates and our hands; we had not worked long until the rebs com-
menced advancing on us; they came with strong lines and with ter-
rible yells; then came crackings of the Springfield rifles that filled the
woods with a victorious echo The woods were very thick; we gave
them a few rounds; then we charged on them and ran them back,
and our regiment took forty prisoners. We then fell back to our
works and they again came more determined than ever, but we held
them at bay. The fight lasted until toward dark; the rebs being
beaten very badly; they did not break our line anywhere. Their
dead lay over the ground like sheaves over the harvest field; they
lost easily ten men to our one. The weather was very warm.
Friday, July 29. We were busy burying the rebels' dead and
strengthening our works. It was our corps that did the fighting
yesterday. This morning at 3 a, m. the rebs' bugle blew and they
left our front and fell back toward the railroad.
The casualties of the regiment in this battle were as
Killed and died of wounds, John Weeks, Co. I; Perry McQuerry,
of B; Adam Kious, of F.
Battle of Ezra Cliapel.
ISRAEL MINNIE, COMPANY D.
Born April 3, 1839, in Montreal, Canada, and came with his
parents to Miami county, Indiana, where in 1862 he enlisted in Com-
pany D. After the war he returned to that county and October 5,
1867, married Amanda Hall, and lived on a farm near Peru, a man
known and respected by all. Spent five years, from 1870 to 1875, in
Kansas. He was a great friend of his old comrades and attended
nearly every reunion of the regiment, where his good nature and
genial ways made him a great favorite. In the summer of 1899, he
was passing along the street in Peru when a runaway team came
dashing along, threatening to run over a large number of school
children just crossing the street; he rushed in, grasped the fright-
ened horses and averted the danger, but was himself so injured that
he only survived a few days, dying as a hero dies who gives his life
to save others. He leaves a wife, but no children. Her address is
Peru, Indiana. The above picture shows him as he was during the
war, while the one on page 115 shows hirn as he was when he died.
118 New History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry.
Wounded, Levi A. Boyd and John W, Dumond, of A; Alonzo M.
Gibbs and Ferdinand Julius, of B; Tliomas Martin, Wm, M. Scott
and Wm. D. Kolb, of C; John Johnston and John C. Sarver, of E;
James K. Lee, of F; Wm. Selsor, Wm. Staley and Elihu W. Cobel,
of G; Lyman Stacy, of I; and Giles S. Thomas, of K. Others were
wounded, but the reports are so imperfect that the names and facts
will appear in roster.
SIEGE OF ATLANTA.
The sieg'e of Atlanta lasted through the month of
August and was a time of gTeat trial to the regiment.
I have made comments on this elsewhere and give here
the diary of Andrew J. Clayton, of Company D, as the
best account I can find from the line of the siege:
Saturday, July 30th. In the morning our company
went on skirmish; there were a few rebs in our front; the
Seventeenth corps advanced in our front and we were
Sunday, July 31st. Our brigade is on the reserve to-
day; the First and Second brigade of our division are on
the line; slight skirmishing in front; heavy cannonading
to the left; where we are on the battle field is a nasty,
dirty place, and we have very poor water; got a letter
from sister Jane; it rained hard during the afternoon
and it was very disagreeable here for the soldiers.
Monday, August ,1st. We are still in the same place;
in the morning our skirmish line was advanced and we
commenced building another line of works, one-fourth
mile in advance.
Tuesday, August 2d. Was detailed in the morning
doing work on the fortifications; worked until noon.
Our brigade marched up to the next line in the rear of
the new works.
Siege of Atlanta.
JAMES B. DOOLEY, COMPANY H.
Born in Hendricks county, Indiana, October 1, 1837, and has re-
sided there all his life except his three years in the army. Was mar-
ried December 18, 1860, and his wife and the three daughters born
to them are still living-. He lives on a farm of his own of 133 acres
six miles northwest of Danville, Indiana. He was a good soldier
and could nat be anything else than a good citizen, a kind husband
and father, and an active christian May he and the wife who
"stayed by the stuff" while he was in the army, live long and be
useful and happy. Address, Danville, Indiana.
120 Neio History of the Ninety-Ninth Indiana Infantry,
Wednesday, August 3d. In the morning- our skirm-
ishers were advanced; drove the rebs out of their pits;
Major Brown, 70th Ohio, was mortally wounded. Our
whole regiment went on skirmish lines, some firing all
Thursday, August 4th. Still on the skirmish; rain in
the forenoon and the sun came out very warm in the
afternoon. We made a demonstration all along our
division to give the Twenty-third corps a chance to ad-
vance; was relieved at 12 o'clock at night.
Friday, August 5th. Heavy skirmishing all along in
our front, and our batteries kept up a pretty heavy firing
all day; heavy cannonading on our right.
Saturday, August 6th. Heavy skirmishing all day,
and in the afternoon our batteries opened all along the
line and there was the awfuUest roar I ever heard,
Sunday, August 7th. Went on skirmish last night;
rained Ijard until midnight; it is very quiet to-da}^ owing
to its being Sunday, and in the afternoon there was a
heavy firing on our right; we were relieved at dark.
Monday, August 8th. There are various rumors in
the camp about the enemy's massing their forces on our
right. We were ordered to march and take nothing but
our guns and cartridge boxes, but the order was counter-
manded. I was detailed at dark to take shovels out to
the skirmished line for the men to work with.
Tuesday, August 9th. In the morning our division
moved out on the skirmish line and made it our line of
battle. We are now close to the rebs. Heavy cannon-
ading in the evening.
Wednesday, August 10th. We had to keep our heads
low down; the rebs are only one hundred yards from us;
the rebs have to do the same; at dark our company went
on skirmish; we had a line close by the rebs pits. I
crawled up within two rods of the rebels' pits. (Louis
Manker, Company G, killed.)
Thursday, August 11th. We were relieved from
skirmish at day-light. There was slight skirmishing all
along the line, as usual. The rebs killed a man in Com-
Siege of Atlanta.
ROBERT B. LANK, COMPANY C.
Was born on May 17, 1838, in Randolph county, Indiana; parents
moved to Benton county, Indiana, when he was 4 years of age,
where he lived until he enlisted in 1862. He was one of the true
men who was unable, on account of a rather weak physical frame,
to endure the hardships of the service and was discharged March
10, 1863, on account of disability. After the war he located in War-
ren county, Indiana, and engaged in mercantile business for a num-
ber of years. He is a good man and an honorable, upright citizen.
In 1878 he married Sarah C. Davis, who, with one daughter, now 19
years of age, are still his companions. The daughter is in the de-
partment of music at Green Castle, Indiana. His address is Green
Castle, Indiana. This picture shows Comrade Lank as he entered
the service. The one on page 29 shows him as he is now.
122 New History of the Ninety -Ninth Indiana Infantry.
pany C, and wounded a man in Company B; some can-
nonading". Weather warm and some rain. (Augustus
Kotka, Company C, killed; Riley Kingen, Company B,
and John Brown, Company E, wounded.)
Friday, August 12th. I was detailed for skirmish in
the morning; we were within three rods of the rebs'
skirmish pits. I had two fair shots at the Johnnies at
short range. Heavy cannonading in the evening. (Levi
White, of Company E, and Sergeant Noah Cate, of Com-
pany I, killed.)
Saturday, Augast 13th. Everything goes on as usual
along onr lines; slight skirmishing and some cannon-
ading. It was reported that there were 200 deserters
come in. I understand that we are reinforced with 25,000
men, but I don't credit the reports. (Pleasant Stipe, of
Company G, killed.)
Sunday, August 14th. More picket firing to-day than
usual. John Wesley Hahn was wounded this morning
by my side while getting breakfast. Wrote a letter
home. Weather warm.
Monday, August 15th. Nothing of importance going
on along our front. Skirmishers kept pecking away at
each other, and the batteries exchanged shots now and
Tuesday, August 16th. Everything goes on about as
usual in our front. Still lying very close to the enemy.
Constant skirmishing going on. I was detailed at dark
for picket or skirmish.
Wednesday, August 17th. Was relieved from skirmish
line at daylight; our pickets took in some of the rebs'
pickets; lost one man killed, and one wounded. Slight
skirmishing and cannonading.
Thursday, August 18th. Joseph Griffet was killed.
Everything went on as usual along our front until 4