first ; but a copy of the above letter being made publick, they were
somewhat embarrassed, and their progress retarded.*
Civil State of Dissenters in England, 1793.
" Every dissenter in England is excluded from all civil and ecclesi-
astical employment of honour and profit in the kingdom. No dissent-
er can be admitted to command in the army or navy, were even his
country invaded, nor to collect any part of the publick revenue, nor
to act as a magistrate, nor to graduate in either of the universities, nor
even to take a degree of Doctor of Musick or Physick, which employ-
ments do not seem to have any refeience to the State. Nor will die
affirmation of a Quaker be taken in any of our courts, in any criminal
prosecution whatever ; so that, if a man of this denomination were to
see another murder his father or his wife, he could not prosecute the
criminal without denying his religion. No Quaker can practise in
any of the courts of law, not even as an attorney. This civil incapa-
city makes Dissenters be looked upon by the vulgar most unjustly, as
rebels and enemies to government, and to a family which they placed
pn the throne ; and in all seasons of alarm and tumult they have ex-
* Edwarcls's History of the Baptists in Pennsylvania, p. 99 104.
perienced, and do experience great evils in this way. Every Dissenter
who acknowledges the truth of the doctrine of the Trinity, is tolerated
in the exerci :e of religious worship ; but lie who denies the Trinity, is,
on conviction, liable to confiscation of goods and imprisonment. Dissenters
pay all taxes and tythes, and are obliged to serve offices in the church,
which are attended only with labour and expense, as church-warden, &c.
subject to heavy penalties if they do not serve, or find, at their own
expense, a proper substitute!!" Rifflon's Rtgister, Vol. \. p. 524.
Tiiis statement will give the reader a view of the condition of Dis-
senters in England, and will sufficiently explain to him the reason why
such multitudes are continually emigrating to America.
This kingdom abounds with good men of different persuasions ; it
has long been the nursery of genius and piety ; every Christian land
has reason to respect it, on account of its noble efforts in the cause of
truth ; but the maxims of its Cabinet, and its Ecclesiastical Constitu-
tion, no lover of liberty and equality can approve.
To the above statement we will subjoin the following account of the
Church of England taken from Simpson's Plea for the Sacred Writ-
" There are about i8,oco clergymen in England and Wales of the
established religion, and nearly 10.000 parishes. The rectories are
5,0^8 ; the vicarages 3,687 ; the livings of other descriptions 2,970 j
in all, 11,755.
" Twenty or thirty of those livings may be -"4444 : 44 and upwards a
year : four or five hundred of them ,2222 : 22 two thousand of them
888 : 9O - hve thousand of them 8444 : 45. The average value of liv-
ings is about 622 : 22.
" The whole income of the church and two Universities, is six mill-
ion, six hundred and sixty~fix thousand, six hundred and sixty- six dollars and
* " There are twenty-six bishops, whose annual income is 408, 888 :
90; each bishop has therefore on an average ^15,726 : 50, supposing
he had no other preferment.
" There are 28 cathedrals, 26 deans, 60 arch-deacons, and 554 pre-
bends, canons, &c. Besides these, there are in all about 300 in orders
belonging to the different cathedrals, and about 900 lay officers, such
as singing-men, organists, &c. who are all paid from the cathedral
emoluments ; so that there are about 1 800 persons attached to ihe sev-
eral cathedrals, and divide among them 62 2,2 2 z : 22."
One man may possess several preferments at the same time, and
may receive the enormous sum of ^8,888 : QO, per annum ! "LAW,
bishop of Carlisle, possessed, at the lime of his decease, ten nr more pre-
ferments. He was a bishop, head of a college, prebend, rector, libra-
rian, &c. &c. &c."
This picture is sufficient to convince Americans of the impropriety
f)f a union of Church and State. Were it necessary, such a melan-
choly picture might be drawn from the statements of that worthy man
and Christian, DAVID SIMPSON, (who disdained to be considered an
hireling of the corrupt Church of England, and of course withdrew) as
would strike the mind with horror ! Any one who wishes to be fur-
ther acquainted with the history of them, may find it in a volume
written by David Simpson, A. M. entitled, " A plea for Religion and
the Sacred Writings, addressed to the disciples of Thomas Paine,
and to wavering Christians of every denomination."
Summary Vieiu of the Different D?nomina!ioni of Christians in the United
THE number of the Baptists will be exhibited in the following Table.
It is probable: the Methodists count as many members in their so-
ciety, if not more, than any one denomination in America. Accord-
ing to their Minutes, the sum total of their members this year
amounts to 214,307 ; 42,809 of whom are people of colour. The
preachers in full connexion are 678, those on trial are 178 ; making the
sum total of preachers 856. The increase of their society this year is
18,950.* The members in Canada are not reckoned in this statement.
Their number in both Provinces last year was a little short of 3000 ;
but it is said great additions were made to them this year. In this
statement are included all, who belong to the Methodibt Classes ; what
proportion of these come up to their communion, one of their ministers
informs me, cannot be ascertained with any degree of correctness. A gen-
tleman, who was a number of years a preacher in their connexion, sup-
poses, that, take the denomination at large, not more, if so many as
half of those in Society, are communicants.
The total number of the Methodist Society in 1809, in Britain and
Ireland, the West-Indies, British Dominions in America, and the Uni-
ted States, was 334,628^
The Congregationlists are the most numerous denomination in New-
England. Their congregations, in 1801, were over a thousand.:]; In
1796, according to Dr. Morse, their churches in Connecticut only, were
zoo, their pastors 170, and their communicants 20,000.$ In Massa-
chusetts, their number of preachers now is over 400, the number of
churches nearly 500. || The number of this denomination in other
States I am not able to state, but it must be small compared with
The number of Presbyterian congregations in America was, in
1788, computed to be68: there were 226 ministers.-'* They have
probably increased considerably since.+f
The Independents are small compared with either of the formention-
* Minutes of the Annual Conferences of the Methodist Episcopal church
Sec. for IS i3.
f Lee's History of the Methodists, p. 359.
Hannah Adams's View of Religions, p. 449.
Geography, vol. 1. p. 453.
I Massachusetts Register for 1813.
** View of Religions, p. 451.
If The Congreanitionalists and Presbyterians are so often blended together, es-
pecially in New-England, that those who have not studied their ru~.es f disci-
pline, know not in what the difference between them consists. Tlie Presbyte-
The Friends have, in the United States, 505 meetings for worship,
their monthly meetings are 179 ; their yearly meetings 43.*
The number of Episcopal congregations I have not learnt.
The whole population of the Roman Catholicks in the United States,
in 1 80 1, was supposed to be 50,000.
The number of the smaller sects cannot be ascertained.
rians have the following gradation of ecclesiastical tribunals, viz. Church Ses-
sions, Presbyteries, Synods, and the General Assembly. A church Session con-
sists of the minister, or minister and elders, with whom is vested the govern-
ment of each church. A Presbytery consists of all the ministers and one ruling
elder from each church or congregation within a certain district. A Synod is a
convention of several Presbyteries. The General Assembly consists of dele-
gates from all the Presbyteries. There is a regular course of appeals from
the Church Session up to this Assembly, which is the highest judicatory of the
Presbyterian Church. Hannah Adams's Vieiv of Religions, /2.4.50, 451.
The Congregationalisms differ no great from the Presbyterians except in
church government, which they vest, net in the hands of the minister or elders,
Presbyteries, Synods, or Assemblies; but each church is supposed to have pow-
er of itself to regulate all its affairs : it is, however, thought, that they, tcgeth-
er with the Independents, are verging towards the Presbyterian standard.
* This account was furnished by Moses Brown, of Providence.
OF ASSOCIATIONS AND CHURCHES.
N. B, The rmmes of ordaine: 1 . ministers are in Roman characters, unnrdaiiltil
in Italick. The names of all the ministers as far as they can be ascertained,
are put down, whether tliey were delegates to the Assuciatioii or ru,t. The
dates immediately after the names of tiie Associations show when they \vc-e
Nova-Scotia and New-Brunswick Association. 1797
Held in Owilow, June 24, 181 1. Sermen by Edward Manning.
Corn wall is
Edw. Manning, T. S. Harding, E. J. Reise
D ; gby Neck
Sack vi lie, N. B.
Prince William, N. S.
Wakrfield. N. B.
Niciau and Wilmot
Thomas H. Chipman
Ministers 13 Total
T. S. Harding, Moderator.
Echvard Manning, Clerk.
District of Maine.
LINCOLN ASSOCIATION. 1804.
Held at Sedgwirk, Srpf. 16, 1812. Sermon
by Phineas Piilsbury.
Job Macomber, Daniel Pearson
i78a.E : isha Snow, Samuel Bjker
17881 leve Martin
Bristol and MisconguJ )
Samuel A. Flagg
Andrew Fuller, Rohert C. Starr
" 2 5
Stephen D-xter, Job Lewis
Lenriei R;ch, Thomas Eame
VOL. 2. 63
Table of Associations and Churches,
Churches. ' '"-
D.Merrill, A.M. Hen. Hale, Amarifk D:dge
Columbia and Addison 1806
John Roundy, Amos Allen
Pdal Ruggles, JaAit Patten
2 ; P.i'eimo
3ideon C(^ok, John Chadbourrrc
Ministers 3,5 T-ital
Daniel Mr-rrill, Modemter.
Samuel Bdker, Clerk.
TOWDOINIIAM ASSOCIATION-. 1787.
Held at Readfi.ld, Sejit. 2,5^ 1811. Sermon
by Thomas Franc ics.
Joseph D; - nslow
Benjamin Cclr, Jarrrs Garcelort
Robait Low, Isaac C*se
Oliver Billings, Daniel Mason
Peter Moore, Johi Presrot
Samuel vS wet;, Ambrose Arnold
Joseph Palmer, Charles H'tbber
Eiias Taylor, Benjamin BIsb:
Table of Associations and
l8 C 8
Ministers 4 Total
Robert Lev, Moderator.
Thomas Francies, Cltrk.
CUMBERLAND ASSOCIATION. iSio.
Field at North-Yarmouth, Oct. 9, i8ji.
Sermon by Caleb Blood.
Samuel Mariner, Samuel Woodward
John Raines, Thomas Wyman
Sylvanus Boardman, Thomas Greeo
josi-ph Adams, fc>sef>k Macamier
Lemuel Jackson, Anwiah Re<fi
Ministers 24 Total
Sylvanus Boardman, Moderator.
John Haines, Clerk.
N. HAM PSHIRE ASSOCIATIO
Held at Parsonsficld, June 9, 1813.
by Otis KobiptOH.
Table of Asseciations and Churches.
Lebanon and Berwick
Ebecezer P. Kinsman
East Parish Wells
Ministers zt Total
Oiis Robinson, Moderator.
Andrew Sherburne, Clerk.
N. B. The great Brentwood church, is for
some reason, which I have not learnt,
dropped from these Minutes. We shall
therefore give it a place among the uuas-
MEREDITH ASSOCIATION. 1789.
Held at Meredith, Sept. 11, 1811. Sermon
by Otis Robinson.
Nicholas Folsom, Abraham Swain
Ryegate and Bamet
James Bay ley
Ministers 6 Total
Ezra Willmarth, Moderator.
Ephraim Crockett, Clerk.
* Mr. Willmarth is now settled at Weare, N.H.
DUBLIN ASSOCIATION. 1809.
Held at Mason, Oct. 17, 1810. Sermon by
Peterboro* & Society )
Ministers 3 Total
Elijah Willard, Moderator.
Charles Cunuuings, CUfk.
Table of Associations and Churches*
WOODSTOCR ASSOCIATION. 1783.
Held at Canaan, Sept. <), 1812. Sermon by
New- London, N. H.
CornisJi, N. H.
Job Sramans, Saml. Ambrose, Enoch Hunting
Canaan, N. H.
Weathersfield and >
foaaihan Going, jr. A.M.
Windsor, West Parish
Londonderry, N. H.
Westminster and )
Unity, N. H.
onathan Cram, Benjamin Kimball
Ministers 2 1 Total
Aaron I/eland, Moderator.
Jeremiah Higbee, Clerk.
SHAFTSBURY ASSOCIATION. 1780.
leld at West-Stockb ridge, June 3, 1812.
Sermon by Isaiali Mattison.
ustus Hull, Alderman Bafccr
ist Canaan, N.Y.
sd Canaan, N.Y.
ist Cheshire, Mass.
ttl Cheshiie, Mass.
Clinton, U. Canada
East HiUsdale, N.Y.
West Hillsdale. N.Y.
ohn Francis, jun.
jjt Powna), Vt.
Table of Astociationt tnd Churchtt.
ist Stephentown, N.Y.
jst Shaftsbuiy, Vt.
^h Shaftsbuiy, Vt.
Townscnd. U C.
f-i'r -U *J
\V. Stockbridjie, Mass.
Ministers *i Total
Obed Warre, M.derafrr.
William Groom, ji. Clerk.
VKRMOKT ASSOCIATION. 178^.
Oct. 6, 7, 18 13.
Manuel M. Plunk
Peter W. Reynolds
Nathaniel Kendrick, Horace Grhwold
J crony H. Dwyre
Ministers 19 Total
Samuel Rowley, Cierk.
The Minutes of this Association were forward-
ed in manuscript. Where it was held, who
preached the sermon, and who was modera-
tor, are not stated.
FAIRFIELD Assoc IATION. Formerly
called RichmoEd, formed 1795.
Held at Faitfie'd, Aug. 26, 1812. Sermon
by I. Oicutt.
>..vx and Jericho
Table of Associations and Churches.
St. Juhnsbnry, V't.
Churches 1 1
Chelsea and Tunbridge
Hanover. N- H.
Rime, N. H.
Cbiuchss 1 1
Minisiers 6 Total
Isaic Sawyer, Moderator.
Ephraim Butler, Clerk.
DANT i LI.E Assoc i ATios'. 18,0.
Held at Derby, Vt. June 17, iSis. Sermon
by Samuel Chiwc!ii!!
Ministers 2 Total
Samuel Churchill, Moderator.
Daniel Mason, Clerk.
BARRE ASSOCIATION. 1807.
Held at Braintrec, Vt. O t. 10, 1810. Ser-
mon by Ephraim Btatler.
Elijah Huntingtur, Clerk.
BOSTON ASSOCIATION. 1811.
Held at Weare, N.H. Sept. 1.5,1813. Ser-
mon by Ebcnezer Nelson.
Thomas Baldwin, o.n. Dmiel Cketmtai, A,B
Thomas Waterman, A.M.
Charles Train, A.M.
Jeremiali Chaplin, A.M.
William Collier, A.M.
Table of Associations and Churches.
Lucius Bol!, A. M. E. Williams, A. M. ?
Henty A. Ciaike \
Ebcnezcr NeJion, George Evans
W, are, N.H.
New-Boston, N H.
Nottingham West, N.H.
African Church in )
Newbury and New )
Daniel Sharp, . Lincoln, Johnson Cliast
Ferdinand Ellis. A.M.
John Peckers, Jokn Parkhu r st
Ministers 54 Total
Thomas Baldwin, Moderator.
Elisha Williams, Clerk.
STTJRBRIDGE ASSOCIATION. 1801.
Held at Hardwick, Sept. 30, 1812. Sermon
by Joseph Smallide.
Samuel Waters, Isaac Dwinnel
1st Woodstock, Con,
2d Woodstock, Con.
1 79 2
Zenas L. Leonard, A.M.
ad Ashto d, Con.
3J Ash ford, Con.
Enfield and Long- )
Meadow, Con. )
George Atwell, Ezekiel Terry
Tot land, Con.