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The miscellany of the Wodrow Society : containing tracts and original letters, chiefly relating to the ecclesiastical affairs of Scotland during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries .. (Volume 1) online

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dowed a Chapel in North Leith, which Church of Holyrood, till it was con-
he dedicated to St Ninian, for the con- verted into a Parish Church in IGOG."
venient worship of the people ; and he (Clialraers's Caledonia, vol. ii. p. 783.)
gave them an additional convenience, In the Presbytery Records of Edin-
by building a Bridge of three arches, burgh, Is^oveniber and December 1595,
that connected the Northern and are some notices relating to the Kirk
Southern sides of the port. This en- "re-edifeitt on the North syd of the
dowment, which comprehended some Brig of Leith."
benefactions to the poor, was confirmed



462 VISITATION OF THE 1588.

the north sjd of the Brig of Leyth, hard and consldderit befoir the
Prisbetrie. Efter the quhilkis, na further materis be proponit, bot
all satlit in peax.

Eftir thankis geving, the said Assemble dissolvit, and ordanit
this ordour to be insert in thair buikis, and the extract subscrivit
be thair Clark to be gevin to the Moderatour.

Walter Vruing/
Clark to the Kirk of Haljruidhous.

II. Visitation of the Kirk of Holyroodhouse.

xxvi. Novembris 1588.
According to the Commissioun gewin to Mr Eobert Pont, Mr
John Davidson, and Mr William Watsone, the xii. of this instant,
to visit the Kirk of Halyrudhous, and to report thair diligence.
The said brethren reporting that thai fand sindrie misordours in
the said Kirk ; and for that eiFect had warnit the Minister and the
eldaris of the kirk to be present this day ; quha comperand, pro-
misit to amend the sam, and desyrit that the Presbyterie wald
burden John Setoun, litster, to accept the office of the eldarschip
upon him, unto the quhilk he was electit. The said Johnn being
present before the Presbyterie, acceptit the said office upon him ;
and for remedeing of sic misordouris in that Kirk, as namelie, for
reforming the misordouris in the buriall, and reparatioun of the
kirk, the Presbyterie has ordanit the Abbot of Halirudhows, and
the Baillies of the Cannogat, to be warnit to compeir before them
the thrid of December nixt.

III. Extracts from the Records op the Presbytery of
Edinburgh.

x^. Decembris 1588.
The Presbyterie hes ordanit the Baillcis of the Cannogat to

^ The signature in the MS. is not name, instead of Yruing.
very legible : it might be some other



1593. KIRK OF HOLYROODHOUSE. 463

repair the Kirk and kirkyard; and in tyme cuming to use no buriall
in the kirk, as thai will answer upon thair obedience to the Kirk.

29. Maij 1593.
Complaint given in to the Presbytery of Edinburgh by John
Brand, Minister of the Church at Holyrudhouse, against the
Bishop of Orkney^ and the Baillies of the Canogaitt, for nocht
repairing of thair kirk, nor keiping of thair buriall. (They were
directed to be summoned before the Presbytery.)

5. Junij 1593.

Anent the summonds direct against the Bischop of Orkney and the
Baillies of the Canogatt, for nocht repairing of thair kirk nor keiping
of thair buriall ; according heirunto, thai being warnit, callit, and
compeirand. Everi ane alledging the fait on the wther, throw the
nocht bigging of the North style ; the said Bischop promisit to
giwe answer the xij. of this instant, quhat he wald do concerning
the bigging of the said style.

12. Junij 1593.
Anent the promeis maid be the Bischop of Orkney, &c., Com-
pearand be Bartilmo Kello, his servand, declarit That his Maister
the Bischop was content to buyld the said style, the Cannogatt
restoring the materiallis that thai took away from it, c&c.

6. January 1595-6.
Anent the desyre of James Eeid, Constable of the Castell ot
Edinburgh, in effect craving that, seing thair was ane paroche
kirk within the said Castell, command wald be given to John
Brand to baptese the barnis borne in the Castell. The Presbyterie
understanding that the kirk thairof is unreparitt, willis the said
Constable to repair the same, and to dedicatt it for na uther use
bot for preiching. Thairefter his desyre salbe answerit.

^ Adam Bothwell, Bishop of Orkney, Abbey of Ilolyrood. He died on the
in 1570 became Commendator of the 23d of August 1593.



464 VISITATION OF THE 1598.

ly. Visitation of the Kikk of Holyroodhouse.

M.D.XCVIII.

xxvi. Septembris 1598.

Anent the Commission gevin the 12 of this instant, to certain
Brether to visit the Kirk of Ilahrudhous, and to return thair an-
swer this day ; according hereunto, Mr Michael Cranstoun, mode-
ratour, declarit that he, with the rest of the Brether imployit in
commissioun, had visited the said Kirk the xxii. of this instant : the
quhilk day Johnn Brand, and Mr Henrie Blyth, ministers at the
said kirk, being removit, and efter inquisitioun takin be the eldaris,
deaconis, and rest of the congregatioun quha wer present, of thair
doctrine, lyf, of thair wyfs and famileis, as also of thair disipline ;
it was reportit thair doctrine was sound, thair lyf honest, and in
disipline thai Aver faythfuU. And through the largenes of the con-
gregationis, the eldaris and deaconis of the Kowgait, a part of the
said congregatioun, complainit thair was sum oversyght of thame ;
quhilk thei promisit to be mendit. Nathing reportit of thair wyfis
and famileis bot good.

2. The Eldaris being removit, it was reportit of thame that thai
wer dilligent in thair office, and honest in lyf.

3. The Deaconis being removit, it was reportit that thai wer faith-
full in thair office, and honest in lyf.

4. Robert Lawson, reidar and scoolmaster, being removit, sum
offences being fund in him, the sessioun of the said Kirk promisit
to take ordour with him ; and finding sum oversyght in the testimo-
nlallis gevin, ordanit that na testimoniall pas fra the said Robert,
bot that the same be subscrybit also be ane of the minlsteris.

5. The Sessioun book of the said Kirk being syghted, it was
fund formall.

6. Thei fund greit faultis with thair buriall in thair kirkis. The
Magistrattis promisit, for thair partis, to stay all buriall in the said
kh'k in tyme coming, unless thei be urgit with a supcriour ; and



1598. KIRK OF HOLYEOODHOUSE. 465

gif thei war urgit, thei promisit to advertise the Presbiterie ; and
gif it be not on a Presbiterie day, to adverteis sa mony of the
brether as myght be had, that thair advys myght be takin.

7. Fynding greit abuses made in their buriall, and haveing read
the act made in November 1577 in thair sessioun concerning the
buriall, ordanit the sam to be put in executioun.

8. Finding that Mr Hercules Rollock, ane of their congregation,
not resorting to their paroche kirk, ordanit thame to call the said
Mr Hercules before thame, and to charge him to resort to his
paroche kirk'; and in case he resortit not, to proceid against him
with the censures of the Kirk.

9. Finding na gleib designit to the minister, has ordanit a letter
to be writ to the Abbot to crave his presence ; unto the quhilk
time thei contineuit the designatioun of the said gleib and mans.

Finallie, fynding the North syd of the Brig of Leith to be a part
of that congregatioun, quhilk of the self myght be a congregatioun,
resolvit to visit the sam, and to deall with thame for provisioun of
a minister to serve amangis thame selfis.

Upon the quhilk resolutioun thei stayit the tryell of the Reidar,
Eldaris, and Deaconis of the said North syd, and went upon the 25
of this instant to the said North syd ; and thair, efter inquisitioun
takin of the eldaris and deaconis thair, it was reportit of thame that
thei wer honest in lyf, and diligent and faythfull in thair office.

2. Robert Davidsoun, thair reidar, being removit, it was declarit
that he was honest in lyf, and contentit himself with simple
reiding.

Finallie, ane supplicatioun being gevin be the said eldaris, dea-
conis, and neighbouris of the said North syd, quhilk being read, and
the overtouris gevin in be thame being considerit, especiallie crav-
ing that sum of the neighbouris of the South syd of the Brig of
Leith, perteining to the Regalitie, and being in tyme of the Pa-
pistrie of the parochin of Halyrudhous, may be joinit again with
thame : thei ordanit the said neighbouris to advys amangis thame
selfis, quhat for thair awin partis thai wald do for provisioun of a
minister amangis thame selfis ; and concerning the said desyre, thei
VOL. I. 2 o



^^Q KIRK OF HOLYROODHOUSE. 1598.

resolvit to speik the said neighbouris of the said South syd the
xxviij. of this instant, quhilk day was appointit for Visitatioun of
the Kirk of Leith : Quhilk report being resavit, the ministeris of
Halyrudhous were ordanit to see the former thingis performit.

29. Junij 1603.
The Presbytery ordained Mr Henry Blyth, now and then to
officiate in the Castell of Edinburgh ; and the Presbytery to try
whether it be a paroch be itself.



V. An Act of Peivy Council.

Apud Halyrudehouse, decimo tertio die Septembris 1672.

Whereas it is necessary and suteing to his Majestie's pious and
religious dispositioun, that some convenient place be designed and
sett apairt, wherein his Majesty, and these of his family at his
Palace of Halirudhouse, may worship God and perform all publick
religious dueties ; and that the Abbay Church doeth ly contigue
to the said Palace, and is at his Majestie's disposeall : Therefore,
the Lord Commissioner his Grace, and Lords of his Majestie's
Privy Councill, doe designe, sett apart, and appropriat the said
Church for the ends and uses aforsaides ; and doe declair the same
to be his Majestie's Chappell-Royall in all tymes comeing : Dis-
charging heirby the Magistrattes of Edinburgh or Cannongate to
use the same hereafter as ane paroch church ; and that notwith-
standing of any former tolleration or possession they may pretend
in or to the said Church.



VINDICATION

OF THE

CHURCH OF SCOTLAND,

IN EEPLY TO DR BANCROFT'S SERMON, AT
PAUL'S CROSS, LONDON.

M.D.LXXXIX.



Until the latter part of Queen Elizabeth's reign, notwithstanding
the difference in external forms of Avorship and discipline, there
existed a friendly sympathy and intercourse between the Churches
of England and Scotland. Dr Kichard Bancroft, afterwards
raised to the Primacy of England, was one of the earliest writers of
that Church who manifested a spirit decidedly hostile to the Presby-
terian form of Church government. In his sermon preached before
the English Parliament, at St Paul's Cross, in February 1588-9,
his leading object was to exalt Episcopacy, by asserting the
divine right of Bishops as a distinct order from Presbyters ;^ and
while he made a strong and vehement attack on the English Non-
conformists or Puritans, whom he charged with ambition and covet-
ousness,^ he also took occasion to throw out some unfounded
aspersions against our own Church.

The Sermon was soon afterwards printed,^ with some additions,
and occasioned no ordinary sensation, even among the friends of
the English Church. As it is of rare occurrence, we have here ex-

1 See Strype's Life of Wliitgift, p. Typogr. Antiq. vol. iii. p. 1326.) It
292 ; Collier's Eccl. History, vol. ii. p. was reprinted at London, 1637, 4to ;
609, new edit. vol. vii. p. 80 ; Neal's and again, from a MS. cojiy, in the
History of the Puritans, vol. i. p. volume entitled, " Bibliotheca Scrip-
321 ; M'Crie's Life of MelviUe, vol. i. torum Ecclesia3 Anglicana3 : or, a
p. 305 ; Hetherington's Westminster Collection of Tracts relating to the
Assembly, p. 47. Government and Authority of the

2 " Doctor Keynolds his Letter to Church." London, 1709, 8vo. The
Sir Francis Knollis, concerning Doctor Editor (H. Gandy) expresses a hope
Bancroft's Sermon at Panic's Crosse, that Bancroft's " incomparable Ser-
9th Feb. 1588, in the Parliament mon," and the other tracts, might
Time," was added to a tract, " Infor- be "a means to keep all those who
mation, or a Protestation, and a arc yet of the Church of England still
Treatise from Scotland, &c." Im- in her communion, which is truly pri-
printed 1608, small 8vo. mitive and apostolick, and to bring

3 There seem to have been two back those who have forsaken her

editions of Bancroft's Sermon printed principles and doctrine, which are

in 1588. The other has on the title, sound and orthodox." He was evi-

" Imprinted at London by I. I., for dently ignorant that the Sermon had

Gregory Scaton, 1588." (Herbert's previously been printed.



[ 470 ]

traded that portion which relates to Scotland. That it excited
feelings of surprise and indignation among our Presbyterian
brethren, will appear from the following extracts from the Records
of the Presbytery of Edinburgh : —

1589.

" April 29. — It is thocht good and concludit, that ane Answer be
made be Mr Robert Pont, Mr Robert Bruce, and Mr Johnn David-
sone, and that the same be pennit, to the sclanderous Sermon
preichit at Paulis Croce be D. Bancroft; and that the Kingis
Majestic be spokin heiranent, at his returne."

" June 10. — Anent the ordinance made the 29 of April last, in
the quhilk it was concludit, that ane Answer sould be maid and
pennit to the sclanderous Sermon preichit at PauUis Croce be Dr
Bancroft, be Mr Robert Bruce, Mr Robert Pont, and Mr Johnn
Davidsone. According heirunto, the said brether declaring that
thei had usit their diligence, and bestowit thair travelis, quhais
diligence the Brether being weill lykit with, continewit inspectioun
and syght of the same till the next General Assemblie, desyring
thame to present the same to the said Assemble to be sychtit be
thame."

" Dec. 9, Sess. 2. — -The Presbiterie hes concludit to direct a
Supplicatioun to the Queenis Majestic of Ingland, desyring hir
Majestic to tak order with Mr D. Bancroft, for that infamous ser-
mon preichit be him at Paul's Croce, traducing in it the haill disci-
pline of the Kirk of Scotland, and this Supplicatioun to be direct
be the advys of Secret Counsall ; and to this end, appointit Mr
Peter Blakburne, Mr Patrik Galloway, Mr James Brysoun, Mr
Thomas Balquhanan, to concurc with certan uther brether for
penning of the sam."

In connection with the extracts from Bancroft's Sermon, we
have subjoined : —

I. A Letter or Supplication addressed to Queen Elizabeth, which
had been prepared, agreeably to the above resolution of the Prcs-



[471 ]

bytery ; but, no doubt, like a similar "prolixe but pithy letter," it
" was not sent and delivered as was intended." It is here printed
from a copy, in a contemporary hand, among Calderwood's MS.
Collections.^ The similar letter referred to, said to be " penned by
Mr Johne Davidson, at the desire of some brethren," is contained in
the late edition of Calderwood's History, vol. v. p. 73 f along with
a set of Queries, sent by Bancroft to John Norton, an Englishman
and stationer, residing in Edinburgh. This paper was obtained in
consequence of an intercepted letter to Bancroft ; when Norton
was examined '' by some of the ministrie, upon suspicion of secreit
intelligence with Bancroft, to the prejudice of our Kirk."^

Bancroft published anonymously other two works of a similar
nature with his Sermon : —

1. " A Survey of the Pretended Holy Discipline, (fee. Faith-
fully gathered by Way of Historicall Narration, out of the Bookes
and Writinges of Principal Favourers of that Platforme. Anno
1593. Imprinted at London by lohn Wolfe, 1593." 4to, pp.
465. Reprinted, Lond. 1663, 4to.

2. " Daungerous Positions and Proceedings, published and prac-
tised within this Hand of Brytaine, under Pretence of Reformation,
and for the Presbyteriall Discipline. London, imprinted by lohn
Wolfe, 1593," 4to. Reprinted, with the Author's name, Lond.
1640, 4to.

II. An extract from a rare tract, entitled, " A briefe Discovery
of the Vntruthes in D. Bancroft's Sermon." This anonymous tract,
which has neither place, name of the printer, nor date, was per-
haps printed at Edinburgh by Robert Waldegrave, in 1589 or 1590.
There is at least no reason to doubt, that it has been correctly
attributed to John Penry, an English Nonconformist minister. He

1 Wodrow Folio MSS. vol. xlii. against the calumneis of Doctor Ban-

2 In Calderwood's History the letter croft, uttered in Sermoun, the first
is thus introduced : — "M' John David- Sabboth day after the beginning of the
sone penned this letter following, at Parliament, and after published in
the desire of some brethren, to be sent print. But it was not sent and deli-
to the Queen of England ; which con- vered as was intended."

taineth ane apologie for our Kirk » Calderwood, vol. v. p. 77.



L 472 ]

was the author of various works on the necessity of Eeformation
in the English Church, some of them printed in this country, where
he occasionally resided. He was tried on the charge of publish-
ing seditious writings against the Orders of the Church, and
against the Queen ; and on such charges, he was executed at St
Thomas' Watrings, 29th May 1 593.

in. An accurate reprint of a tract by John Davidson, in vindi-
cation of the Church of Scotland. Wodrow, in his MS. Life of
Davidson, says, " This book is so scarce that I have not seen it."
Its scarcity may easily be accounted for, as it appears to have
been carefully suppressed. Thus Calderwood says, " the King
favoureth (Gordon) the Jesuit, and in the mean tyme is offended
with Kobert Waldegrave, printer, for printing Mr Johne David-
son e's Answere to Doctor Bancroft's calumneis;"^ and in a letter,
dated 20th October 1590, from Mr Bowes, ambassador in Scot-
land, to Lord Burghley, Treasurer of England,^ is the following
paragraph :• —

" By my former letters, I advertised your L[ordship] of the
booke written by Mr John Davidson against some part of Mr
Doctor Bancroft's sermon, preached at Panic's Crosse, and im-
prented. This booke given me by the K[ing,] I send inclosed to
zour L[ordship.] And albeit that the K[ing] hath earnestlle
travailed to stale and suppresse the rest of the bookes ; yet it is
said that some fewe have escaped the hands of the Printer, whom
the K[ing] hath much blamed for the same ; and bound him, with
sufficient suerties in this towne, to print nothing hereafter without
the K[ing's] allowance and warrant, agreeable to the order no we
appointed in that behalf."

^ Hist. vol. V. p. 112. 2 ji^ tij(, g|.^^j(. Taper OflSce.



[473]



Notices of the King's Declaration, 1585.

As the tract written by Patrick Adaj^ison, Archbishop of St
Andrews, and published in the King's name, is so frequently re-
ferred to in all the histories of the time, as well as in the pages of
the present volume, it may not be out of place to furnish some
notices respecting the earlier editions. The Declaration itself will
be found in Calderwood's History, vol. iv. p. 254, along with "a
Censure and confutatioun of the same." Referring to its repub-
lication in the Continuation of Holinshed, " with an odious preface
of alledged treasons," the historian says, " Our Kirk deserved no
such indignitie at their hands. . . . But lett such a lieiiig
libell ly there, as a blurre, to blot the Chronicles of England."
It first appeared in January 1585, under this title : —

" A Declaratiovn of the King's Majestie's Intentiovn
AND Meaning toward the lait Actis of Parliament. Im-
printed at Edinburgh, by Thomas Vautroullier, 1585, cum privi-
LEGio regali." 4to, twelvc leaves. There is another edition, in a
smaller type, ^* Imprinted at Edinburgh by the assignement of
Thomas Vautroullier, 1585," 4to, ten leaves. The English repub-
lication, mentioned at pages 491, 494, and 510, has the following
title :—

" Treason pretended against the King of Scots, by certaine
Lordes and Gentlemen, whose names hereafter foUowe. With
a declaration of the Kinge's Majestie's intention to his last
Acts of Parliament, which openeth fully in effect all the saide
conspiracy. Out of Skottish into English. Imprinted at London
for Thomas Nelson, and are to be solde at the West Ende of
Paules. 1585," 8vo, pp. 24. This edition is reprinted in the
Harleian Miscellany ;^ and from it we shall insert what Calderwood^

' Vol. vii. p. 50. 2 Hist. vol. iv. p. 352.



[ 474 ]

has termed " A counterfoote Epistle ;" being " The copie of a
Letter sent from a gentleman in Scotland, to a friend of his in
England, touching the Conspiracie against the Kinge's Majestic ;"
as follows : —

" My approved friend T. S.,

" There hath beene lately secret practising against the Kinge's
Majestic of Scotland ; but time serveth not nowe to set down the
maner of their proceeding in the said attempt. I have here sent to
you the Kinge's declaration to his last Acts of Parliament, and, for
brevitie, have set downe the names of the conspirators, which are
as followeth. And thus, in hope you will accept my good will, I
commit you to the Almightie. From Edenbrough, this 20 of
Februarie, 1585.

" Yours, Christopher Studlet."

" The Lord of Don Whasell, the Lord of Dunkrith, the Lord of
Baythkicte, Kobert Hamelton of Ynchmachan, M. James Sterling :
These were apprehended at the Kinge's court. John Hoppignell
of the Mores, apprehended at his owne house, by the captaine of
the Kinge's garde. The Lord Keir and Lord Mains apprehended,
with other gentlemen, about Sterling. The Lord Blaketer and
George Douglasse are sommoned to the court upon suspition.
The Lord Don Whasell, the Lord Mains executed. The treason
discovered by Eobert Hamelton."

Some of the persons whose names are given in the above letter,
in such an unintelligible form, (the Scotish lairds or landholders
having been converted into lords,) were brought before an assize,
6th February 1584-5,^ for being concerned with the Earl of Gow-
rye in the Raid of Ruthven : John Cunningham of Drumquhassill,
Sir James Edmonstone of Duntraith, and Malcolm Douglas of
Mains. Robert Hamilton of Inchmachane appears to have come
forward as a witness against them.

^ Pitcaini's Criminal Trials, vol. ii. p. 139.



[475]

The Declaration was next included in the enlarged edition of
Holinshed's Chronicles, printed at London in 1586-7, with the fol-
lowing introductory paragraph, so emphatically denounced by
Calderwood : —

" [In this year, 1583,] the King assembled a Parliament in Maie,
wherein were certeine lawes enacted ; which giving occasion to
some of the nobilitie and clergie to misconceive thereof, and to
depart the realm e, did after minister cause to the King (for the
more discharge of his honour, the better explaining of the said
lawes, and the manifesting of secret practises against him,) to set
downe this following Declaration thereof to the view of the world.
Wherin he shewed himselfe of a rare and good disposition, in that
he would humble himselfe beneath the majestic of his crowne, pub-
likelie to render a reason to his neighbours and to his subjects of
his dealings, towards such as were under his government, sith he
was not bound thereunto, being to dispose of those his subjects
according to the lawes of his realme, and the customes of those
countreis. But before I set downe that Declaration, I thinke it
not unmeet to sale somewhat of such things as went before, and
were the cause of setting forth of the same Declaration.

'^ There were some lawes in the same Parliament enacted for
the reformation of religion, which to the King seemed to be
growne over dangerous, in seeking a certeine equalitie of govern-
ment in the ecclesiastical hierarchic : Upon which lawe established,
the Earles of Angus and Mar, with divers others of the temporali-
tie and the spiritualtie, as Andrew Melvine, and such as professed
the purer and reformed religion, (as it was termed,) were inforced
for the use of their conscience, and for other causes, to banish them-
selves from their countrie, and to flie into England, there to use
the libertie of their religion, and to provide for the safetie of their
persons ; who comming into this realme, made their abode, and
sojumed at Norwich.

" About which time also of their departure out of Scotland,
there was a supposed treason discovered by Robert Hamilton
unto the King, intended to be practised against his Majestic,



[476]

whereupon some were summoned upon suspicion, some were appre-
hended, and some were executed for the same cause. Of the first
sort, the Lord Blakater and George Dowglasse were summoned
to the court, upon suspicion that they were consenting and concel-
ing to and of the same treasons. For the second sort, touching the
same, the Lord of Donwhasell, the Lord of Dunkreth, the Lord
of Baithkict, Robert Hamilton of Inchmachan, and James Ster-
ling, were apprehended at the Kinge's court ; besides which, John
Hoppingell of the Moores was taken at his owne house, by the
capteine of the King's gard ; and the Lord Keier, with the Lord
Mains and other gentlemen, were taken about Sterling ; and, last-



Online LibraryDavid LaingThe miscellany of the Wodrow Society : containing tracts and original letters, chiefly relating to the ecclesiastical affairs of Scotland during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries .. (Volume 1) → online text (page 35 of 49)